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Scandinavian American. [volume] (Seattle, Wash.) 1945-1958, January 01, 1945, SUPPLEMENT, Image 19

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093436/1945-01-01/ed-1/seq-19/

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STOCKHOLM, December 19 (By wireless)—The Swedish
authorities are ready to start shipping 4,000,000 kronor’s
worth (about $1,000,000) of vital food supplies to the Nether
lands, as _a gift, Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson informed
the Riksdag on December 16. He said that in October of this
year the Netherlands Government had asked for Swedish
help, especially for the cities 0‘.
Rotterdam and Amsterdam. Ev
erything is ready, Mr. Hansson
continued, except that safe-con
duct for Swedish ships has not
been granted.
The Prime Minister also report
ed that since 1941 Sweden has re
peatedly. but in vain. offered to
receive undernourished Norwegian
children. The last time this of-
fer was made, he told the Riksdag.
was a month ago, but no answer
has yet arrived from the German
authorities in Oslo. At the pres
ent time the Swedish Norway Re.
lief is feeding 225,000 persons
daily in Norway. The organiza-
"The Oldest Trading Company In The World"
It was with the Viking expedi-(
tions to eastern Europe somewhere}
between 800-1050 A. D. that Swe-i
den first began to play a signifi-j
cant part in world trade. These:
expeditions developed from mere‘
isolated forays into a gigantic sysa
tem of Coordinated commercial en-‘
terprises. When the Mediterranean
was closed by the Arabs. who
could not on religious grounds
trade with the Christian peoples,
though the}: traded with the heath
ens from the North. a new route
was found for western European
trade with the Orient via Russia
where the Vikings held sway.
\\’ith ‘ominereiai foresight. the
Swedish Vikings further sought
to seeure th e i r \vestu'ard eom
nuinieations by founding a mi
on)‘. Hedehy. in Selilesxvig, thereby
laying the foundation of a trade
route \.'hieh eorrespouds in niod~
ern times to the Kiel Canal just to
the south. The Anglo-Saxon. Ger
man and Arabian eoins from about
1000 All found in Swedish soil
bear witness to this epoeh. ()n the
island of (lotland alone about 50,-
000 Arabian eoins have been found
Long before this, probably at the
beginning: of the (‘hristian era.
Gotiimd was a eenter for Europe‘s
trade with the southern eo‘lntries
(more than 5.000 Roman silver de
narii from the first eentury BL‘,
have been found there also».
though the town of \‘ishy only
teat-lied its position of prominenee
as a result of the Viking expedi
tions. This position was main
Deed of purchase. dated June liiih. 1288. from Stom Kuppnrsbergs Bergslzms :\.-l%.—('l‘ho
Great (‘opper Mountain Mining (‘ompam ).
tion's Christmas drive for the
children of Norway has yielded a
record number of 175,000 pack
First Locomotive of Fifty Ordered
By the Netherlands Completed
On December 18 the first of ai
series of fifty locomotives ordered!
by the Netherlands was completed ‘
at the Nydqvlst & Holm works at
Trollhfittan, in southwestern Swe-}
den. Count Willem van Rechter
en Limpurg, the Netherlands Min
ister to Sweden, was present at
the occasion and accepted the en- .
gine on behalf of his country. i
{tained until the trade routes to the
l Orient underwent a change as a re
lsult of the crusades and the con
‘quest of Russia by the Tartars.
2 During the early part of the 13th
‘century “the oldest trading com
.pany in the World" was founded,
still going strong under the name
of Stora Kopparsbergs Bergslags
A.-B.. and at present one of the
largest industrial concerns in the
country. The then newly discov
ered copper mine at Falun was the
company's first property, and the
owners worked it according to
rules quite comparable to present
day company statutes, which a
deed of purchase dated June 16th.
1288, conclusively proves.
Copper and iron were for a long
time Sweden's Chief articles of
merchandise. The kings of the
Vasa dynasty. whose business
sense was as keen as their political
acumen, managed to break the
mighty power built up h_.~ foreign
commercial interests during.r the
latter part of the Middle Ages.
th. rehy making the development of
the nation‘s trade a Swedish con
cern mice more. even though at
first recourse was had to foreign
specialists for assistance. The
Dutchman Louis de Geer. sum
moned to Sweden by Gustavus
Adolphus. built up the country's
manufacture of iron into a great
industry and at the same tilne or
ganized commerce, the colonization
of New Sweden in America, credit
facilities and many other valuable
enterprises. Shortly after the
Winter scene from Stockholm, Sweden, with city hall and church spires in the background
death of this great man there is a
memorable date in Swedish eco
nomic history, for in 1656 the first
Central Bank in the world was
founded at Stockholm, which be
came a state institution 12 years
later. The Swedish Riksbank, the
oldest banking institution still in
existence, was also the first to is
sue banknotes.
The economic life of Sweden re
mained on the whole static
throughout the two following cen—
turies though there was a period
of marked activity during the ex
periment-loving “Age of Liberty”
in the middle of the 18th eentury
when the Swedish East liidia Co.
was established. Since numerous
tountries were fighting; for the
'apture of the lndain market the
Compan: eoneentrated its efforts
almost exclusively on (‘hna. and
for a long sneeession of years
brought large profits to the mer
ehants engaged in the trade.
The enierg‘enee ot‘ the forestry
industries dates from the 1850‘s
when steampoWer was applied to
the mills. and from then on wood
hegan to play the same part in
Sweden's international trade as
iron had done formerly The spirit
of enterprise made itself felt in
various spheres as the years went
by, industrialization took firm hold.
and by the beginning of the pres
ent eentury Sweden was well on
her way toward the prominent po
sition she oeeupies in the indus
trial, eeonomie and eonnnereial
World today.
Icelanders See Independence
linked to Continuing U.S. Tie
REYKJAVIK, Iceland. Th‘a‘
island republic, still in the first
year of its independence. today
may be said to be looking forward
to a role increasingly within the
economic and political orbit of tin-
United States.
Opinion from many sources di»
closed to 12 visiting American
newspapermea here leads to ill“
ronclusion that Iceland has fonnyi
tht American military "uCt‘Upn
lion" unburdensome. that l'nil-wl
States troops have conducted
themselves with credit, and that
Iceland's economy has benefit-l
from the orenpation.
Any political lean ng< that may
have nmainetl in the direvtiun of
Germany were rudely and tragitu
silly shattered a short tnn-- a:-
\\'hen Iceland's largest steamship
the Godafoss, was torpwloei! i.i
territorial waters only tWo hours"
sailing time from tin eap'tai. The
loss of 2% Icelanders. among othvr
casualties. struck very rlosely .21
this racially knit island of only
120.000 population. Editorial up
inion of I11 pol'tit‘al shades in lm~
land unanimously denounced tl\-‘
sinking as one of “useless har—
In an interview with thv visit
ing reporters, President Bjnl'liS
son stated that "The war has
brought us much noarm to the
United States not only because of
the a'r traffic through here hu'
also because there have bom Gt»
many good people from your mun.
try." The latter part of the stat"-
mont 'was an obvious rvferonvo to
the Ami‘ritan military form‘s sta
tioned in Iceland
There seems lltllt‘ doubt that thu
year-round arrival and \li‘Pill'tlll't‘
in Iceland of American military
transport planvs on froqiimit srliv
dulis hotwm‘n l-iuropi‘ and North
Ami-rim have impressed Icvland
oi‘s trvmondoiisly, Ths was w
{looted in tho stati-iuviit of Pl'lll‘i'
Minister and Foreign Miii3sti-i
Oliifur Thors that h‘tflflild is "i'i
the game.“ wants to he iii the
world plt‘tllrl‘, and (‘onsiih‘rs itsnlf
close with the world,
Though tho Prime M iiistir said
tho Iceland roprvsvntiitives nt ”11‘
International Air Cunfvroni'v in
(‘liit‘ago iirv uncommitted, nvvor
thi-liss "\w c‘xpu‘t some proposiil'
to come through bi‘twvi‘n tho I'n~
lh'll Statqs and li‘vland through
the American Minister “'0 don’t
want to 1m forgottt‘n in the air."
liv added
That the way apparently is open
tn some sort of aviatun agn‘v
mont hvtwven Iceland and tho
I'nitod Ptates was intv-rprvtmi
from another statement of tho
Primi- Minister that "We ("‘1‘
thinking of the possibility of gun
in}: both to Europe and America
by air That depends on how the
United States will trmt us in the
Iceland. it was learned. has twi
air companies at present. A bili
is now before the Althing. Ice
land's Parliament, proposing that
the nation participate up to 30
per cent in any aerial endeavors
Connectin: the island with either
Europe 01' North America.
The nation ulsn intends w takv
‘p‘dl’t in any World organization
following the cessation of war
‘We don't mnkv “'Hliti pniii-y," thi-
Primv Minister said. "but win .1 it
Is put forward wv want to takv
part in thy new “'ul‘iti to Como."
The ll(‘.\‘fipilpt‘l'nli*ll wi-i‘c gin-sts
fit a number of i'uni'iions, int-imi
ing :l «iinm'i' in tho Nissan huts n"
th« ;\n1(‘l‘i(‘iin iniiitm-y hasv lic-:i-l»
quarters \"hvi'v tho Ami-rican :mil
Icelandic _nrvss wvi'v thv giivsts o1
Maj. Gm \‘Villiani St Key. (‘on‘
manding Gemini oi thc Ii‘t‘iiliiii
Bzisv Command, Th. affair wins
also zittcniii-ii h_\‘ tho Prinw M'i‘x
iStL‘l' .nnl inuis (2. Dr: )‘i‘iis. Amer;-
mn Mimstvi' to lowland.
General Key reminded his anili
ence that the American forces in
Iceland Were the first Amer mn
expeditionary force in World War
II. In July. 1941. five months be
fore Pearl Harbor. the I'nited
States took UYt-I‘ the military pro
tection of Iceland by agreement
with the Icelandic Government,
the General further pointed out.
Iceland. it was pointid out. was
occupied by the Bi'Ltish on May 10,
1940. on the same morning when
Germany launched its big offeri
sive on the “'estern front in Eu
Great tribute was also paid by
General K«_\‘ to the Iceland pres:
for its voluntary cooperation With
the military in submittng all men‘s
matter mvolvmg the security oi’
the nation and nt‘ the American
forces to the proper review au
thorities. He also gine credit to
Icelanders for their t‘nrbearam‘w
when American solders descended
upun the nation in such numbers
American Air Attache
Praises Swedish Fliers
STOCKHOLM, December 12 «8‘:
wireless» High praise for thi
efficiency of Swedish warplam-s
and their crews was voiced today
in Morgan - Tldningen by Majm
‘Arthur Cnnradi. Jr.. assistant :m
attache at the American Legatim‘
‘inStoekhnim and a veteran 0:
Guadalcanal and the Snlnmnns
Major Conradi, who holds the Dis.
tinguished Flying Cross and it
i known as "The Big Littiv Wiid
‘ Man of the Pacific,“ said he “'3‘
' convinced that Swrdish Him:
I could get employment with fureign
' enmmercial airlines after the war
‘ The training uf nffieers and pm
' snnnel of the Rnyal vadish Air
lForce compares favnrahl)‘ war
' that in the l'nited States Army
‘ Air Corps. he continued. and thr
Swedish planes and crews are 01
x the highest quality

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