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Danish Test Shows Naziism To Be Unable To Fill Spiritual Needs By Joseph C. Harsch in The Christian Science Monitor In times past there has been some tendency to criticize the Danes for not resisting Germany formally. Denmark never has for mally joined the United Nations nor formally declared war against Germany. But returning there after hav ing seen it during the first week of German occupation, I am con vinced that Denmark has played a unique and extremely important role in ending the Nazi concept. In every other country overrun by the Nazis there were many material reasons why the people finally rose and turned against their oppressors. Had there been no Denmark it would have been possible for future Nazi apolo gists to argue that the people of other countries rose against Nazsi ism only because during the course of the war they suffered physi cal hardships and mass physical injuries. Danes Turned Against It But the Danes turned against it without any such reasons. Only in Denmark has Nazlism been dis avowded solely because Nazlism represented a denial of freedom. Thus only in Denmark is it possible to find proof that Naziism at its gentlest and best was un able to win converts from the out side world. Behind this is a long story of Nazi efforts to provide the world with window dressing. The Danes suffered during the war very much less than anyone else. Only bread and butter were rationed. The only commodities seriously short or un available entirely were tobacco. coffee. tea, and chocolate. Most meats were unrationed. Even rationed butter always was plentiful. Eggs existed abundant ly as nowhere else in Europe. And until the Danish police were arrested en masse in 1944 the number of Danes deported for po litical reasons were trivial. Even then. the total number arrested was minute in comparison with other occupied countries. and these were given better treatment than in any other European nation. Nazis DPtested In spite of all this. it is doubt ful if the Nazis were detested more universally or resisted more staunchly mentally than in Den mark. VVhen Allied strategy required industrial and transportation de molitions. the Danish Underground undertook the task with internal sabotage more efficient than bombing. The important thing is that they carried out their as signments on schedule. So Den mark was spared bombings al most entirely because bombs were not needed the Danish Under ground (iiil a first-class job. Denmark 15 the onlv country I have yet seen in Europe where life is almost as it was before the war started. Streetcars are run ning. shops are. open for busmess, the peOple are well dressed and well fed. Yet this treatment nev er won the affection of the Danes. I arrived very late some 10 days after the first flush of liberation. Even at that late date the people waved everywhere when I was drivmg or stopped and talked when I was walking. Children came up with pencils requesting autographs everywhere and at all hours. Truly Royal “'Plt-ome This was truly a royal welcome for latecomers, for Denmark wanted freedom even if it knew that in all probability privations would become worse rather than better under freedom for the next six months or more, The people are under no il lusions. All their export trade must be redirected and it will be a long time before thev ran be gin tn obtain imports frnm abroad. Thus here in Denmark. and here alone. is there the full eoncluslve proof that Naziism, even when it turned its gentlest face toward an occupied country. was unable to offer the people spiritual satis faction. Personalities On Buses By Ellenor B jerkeseth One hot day I took my life into mv own hands and entered a city bus. And there I met some of the most interesting characters in the world. To begin with. the bus was overcrowded. Few, if any, win dows were opened. As I stood there, sweat rolling down my back, I glared at the woman sit ting in a cushioned seat near by. “Why can‘t she open the window and give me and my fellow suf ferers a little air?" I thought. Of course she and others like her may have their reasons. The breeze may mess up their hair or the air may be too chilly. Meanwhile oth ers stood roasting to death. After the close air and little breathing space was taken for granted, the woman standing close by jabbed her “Grason” packages into my spinal cord. After slowly moving my tortured back. my fpeace was again disturbed when ithe 6‘ 3" fellow next to me brought ihis foot down on my poor aching aone. All of a sudden the bus driver slammed his brakes on as a dog and a cat crossed the road. Then tons and tons of dozens of people came crashing down. After grunts and groans people picked them selves up out of the aisle and the bus jerked on. Then there was the road hog who could verv well hear the bus driver screaming, ”Move back in the bus." but nevertheless he stood arrogantly. reading the latest edi tion of “Esquire." and refused to move. About this time tome poor soul reached her stop and by squirm ing. shoving. pushing and squeez ing she made her way to the door, where she yanked the buzzer three or four times to make sure the his driver heard her. She then, stumbl‘ng down the stairs. made her ex1t. She left an empty seat. but before anv lady (including me. could move. Mr. Dasher had made a dive for it. and by squash ing the frail laily occupying the other third of the seat he made himself comfortable. As I left the bus a few blocks later I felt like a football player must feel after a tough scrim mage. As the bus limped away from th0 r-urb I thought to my self: “There are all sorts of people ,n the world and you meet them all on the buses." Johnson To Head Alaska Railroad WASHINGTON, Oct. 9. Appoint ment of Col. John P. Johnson of the Army Transportation Corps as general manager of the gov ernment-owned Alaska Railroad was announced today by Secre tary of the Interior Harold L. Ivkes. Johnson will succeed Col. Otto F. Ohlson. who will retire De cember 3] after heading the rail road since August 1. 1928. (‘olonel Johnson, a resident of Topeka. Kas. began his railroad career in 1917 as an engineering iippi-o-ntirp of the Atchisom To peka & Santa Fe Railroad. Ideas are funny things. They won't Work unless you do. The World’s Greatest Discovery When our own great Benjamin Franklin was in England and there found Thomas Paine, he made the greatest discovery of man by man—and when he pro moted and prevailed on Tom to come to our colonies here, he did to humanity and incidentally to our good old U. S. A., the greatest beneficial one-man act of all time. This man Paine was the human electron who inspired and ignited into fire and flame the inherent love of liberty and independence all conscious beings cherish most, next to life itself. Over here he met with the most reverberant and to him inspiring response from many of the happy pioneers on our shores, foremost and most outstanding among whom was he who later became our greatest president. Thomas Jeffersqm. Yes, he even electrified the then richest man in America, the able. honest, aggressive and benevolent owner of slaves, George Washing ton. to dig in and organize the rebellion and start and carry thru to victory the revolution which drove the entering wedge to free all of humanity from oppression of man by man. Gust H. Steen, Kirkland. Danish Ship Honored Danish colors fluttered once more over the square-rigged ship Danmark. as officers of their pre war training ship for the Danish Merchant Marine received the thanks of the United States Navy and Coast Guard for helping to train more than 4.500 U. S. Coast Guard officers. The flag of Den mark was run up to the main truck and the messages of com mendation were handed to the Captain of the Danmark at cere monies at New London. Conn. Interned in the St. John's Riv er, F1a.. when the Nazis invaded Denmark in 1940. the services of the ship and its officers were of fered by Capt Knud L. Hansen to the United States Government, after Pearl Harbor. The Navy ac cepted the offer and the Danmai'k was commissioned as 3 Coast Guard training ship. As the ship completed its serv ice for the United States. and prepared to return to its prewar job, it was presented with a Home memorial plaque marking its wartime use. and a colored nio tion pictuu‘ record of that use. Dr. Jenseneﬂorman Called By Death Dr. Teder Jensen-Norman, 8] years old, retired physician and formvr state senator. died at his home in Tacoma reCently. He worked for many years with the Veterans’ Administration at Fargo. N. D., Knoxville. Iowa. and Cush man Hospital, Tacoma. He was one of the founders of the poppy drive, originated to raise funds for hospitalized ex-sol diers. He served as state senator from Pierce County 1904—06. Dr. Jensen-Norman is survived by his widow. Agnes, two daughters and two sons. Coal Mine Owner Dies In Accident Ernest Theodore Anderson, 60. resident of Seattle for 30 years. was killed in his coal mine near North Be-nd recently in an ac cident. The body was brought in Tacoma. A Thousand Years Of Parliament The Icelandic sun rise almost mixed with midnight at the time of the June solstice at Thingvellir, and the cold dawn, pearly with mist, faintly lighted the lake as it lay half hidden beneath low-lying nimbus clouds that clung to the near-by slopes and soaked the bracken with chill dew. The si lence of the great plain was broken by the thin piping of the whimbrel — the Icelandic curlew that nested there on the Mosfell heath—and that thin sound car ried to my ear against an over tone of the half - heard and smoothly constant roar that came from the falls of the Axe River as it plunged from the near-by cliff above Almannagja. There were thirty-five thousand of us tenting there on the plain that night— thirty-five thousand who had gathered to celebrate an actual millennium. a thousand years of the world’s first parlia ment of democracy, the Icelandic Althing, which. ten centuries be fore. had been established on the Liigberg—the “Mount of Laws"— on this very plain. To this place, in the summer of the year 930 A.D.. came the rep resentatives who had been chosen by the Icelandic people, from every province of the island. And here. by democratic vote. these repre sentatives had duly established a government of their own choosing to ratify, of their own free will. the laws that were henceforth to govern this remote but forward looking land. Since then. from 930 to 1930. while the outside world had evolved through the storms of the long centuries, while the giant California redwoods had added each a thousand rings to their stout stems, Iceland had alter nately prospered and suffered both the blessing and the curse of iso lation; but in that time had achieved. in the grim discipline of geography. a unique phase of Western civilization. . . . Now we were assembled on this great plain——the Icelanders. our hosts. and we guests from thirty Icelandic Forester Visits Alaska Following a trail blazed by his grandfather in 1875 ~but mith a different end in View Hakon Bjarnason. chief of the State For ustry Service of Iceland. arrived in Juneau recently. Forty flying hours brought the forest special ;st here from his nzltzve island (n'mnnwonlth in the North At lzmtic. Forester Bjarnason's purpose in coming to Alaska is to study for est growth, principally in thi- Prince Williams Sound and Kenai Peninsula regions. wherv (‘llnlilth conditions are most nearly like those of his isolated land. H0 03(- poets to remain in Alaska until mid-October. Thc Icclandic government is on dcavoring to establish forcst growth in the southcrn coastal rc gions of thc country, sufficicnt to care for domestic nccds. Mr. Bjarnason pointcd out that it was in to 12 thousand _vcnrs ago that h‘s country was glaciated ovcr during the last icc agc. In tho relativcly short period since thc ice rctreat. natural sceding of thc isolated island has necessarily been limited. Iceland now has some natural forest areas of larch. birch, moun tain ash and willoWs. The birch forests in particular, he said. have been fostered by his predecessors at the forestry helm. until they now rrake a good showing His service is now trying to establish coniferous varieties from imported seed. He is especiallv interested in Sitka spruce and hemlock seed from Alaska. It was in 1935 that Icvland first npr-m-d rnrx'ospnndenvo with the Alaska Forest Service and aim-v thvn Sumo seed has rouchod his country from the (anduvn and Knnax Lakv sectors. Though that seed has been in Iceland soil only THE SCANDINAVIAN AMERICAN countries. And as we gathered in celebration of a great accomplish ment in the orderly government of men, a hush fell over this fantastic lava Plain of Parliament. Bishop Helgasson, of the Lutheran cathe dral, ascended the pulpit that had been erected there beside the rug ged Lligberg, and opened this unique jubilee with the singing of the Icelandic national anthem. . . . And as the stanza drew to'a close, with a volume of song that swelled across the plain, the clouds broke about Mount Hengill, and down the Kaldidalur streamed a shaft of sunbeams. . . . Under the constitution known as the law of union. the King of Den mark (now no longer recognized) was then also King of Iceland. which nontheless, was asovereign state. And as King of Iceland. His Majesty King Christian X presided over the civil ceremonies that fol lowed. And there, upon the eternal rocks of the Ltigberg, was con vened as dramatic an Althing as could possibly be imagined. In authentic tenth-century cos tumes and with solemn ritual. a pageant of lawglvers took their seats upon the rocks, and when the speaker called the roster of this first parliament of men. each man who answered was a descend ant of one thus summoned a thou sand years ago! “But, Arent." I asked my Ice landic companion, “how can you possibly know who are indeed the direct descendants of forebears of ten centuries ago '3" “Our Doomsday Book," he told me, “is quite accurate. It is an of ficial record of our people in un broken continuity~—a precise saga that makes every Icelander feel a living link in this long chain. Nor is this ancient book a myth. It is Well guarded in the Royal Library in Copenhagen. and copies exist for security." "From “Merchant of Alphabets," by Reginald Orcutt. copyright 1945 by Doubleday. Doran and Company. Inc. a few years. already it has proved superior to seed obtained from areas of northern Europe and Si beria. It is even better than seed of Alaska origin that in 1937 was obtained from Norway. The Alas lza via Norway seed has produced trees now about 12 feet h‘gh. but much better results are expected from seed obtained from properly selected Alaska loralities. Besides studying the native con dtions of Alaska forest growth. .\lr. lijarnason will seleet areas most similar to his land. He will try to arrange thh inhabitants of those areas to send a Continu ous supply of that seed to Iceland. He deelared that the Alaska For est Ser\'iee_ partieularly Regional Forester Bl Frank Heintzieman. former Assistant Regional Forest er Wellman Holhrook and super visors at (‘ordova have alreidy heen most helpful to his country. Iceland now has much larger nur series and ran go into tree cul ture on a more extensive scale. which prompted the Ireland gOV ernment to send Mr: Bjarnason to Aleka. He helzeves that Alaska "s perhaps the only place in the World except perhaps Smith Am erica where conditions the same as Iceland's van be found and where forests are now thriving. Bjarnason is not the first of his family line to set foot on Alaska soil. Shortlv after the United States purchase of Alaska from Russia, his grandfather, Jon Olaf son. led an expedition of Iceland ers from Wisconsin to (‘ook Inlet and Koliuk. That party was to have been the forerunner of an Alaskan eolony of Icelanders. HoWerer, after the exploratory Work had been accomplished. transportation difficulties thwart ed the design. Grandfather Ola!- son returned to Iceland to report. inter settled again in Wisconsin.