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Scandinavian American. [volume] (Seattle, Wash.) 1945-1958, January 01, 1948, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093436/1948-01-01/ed-1/seq-7/

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Norway Terms Greece Symbol
0f Big Power Suspicious
OSLO—Addréssing the U. N.
Political and Security Committee.
Norwegian Communications Min
ister and delegation head Nils
Langhelle recently outlined his
country's views on the Greek
question. Listing causes, the
speaker pointed to tension between
Greece and her northern neighbors
as well as to the sharp conflicts
within the country itself, noting
how minorities on both sides of
the border “naturally attempt to
seek support from their co-nation
als in neighbor states." The real
danger was seen. however, in “the
fact that we are here dealing with
a conflict in which the interests of
different powers are engaged."
lHe then expressed Norway's
views on the U. N. Commission of
Investigation‘s report. While “aid
and support" to Greek guerillas
from across the borders of the
three neighboring states was rec
ognized. a still more basic cause
for unrest was seen. “Such aid
does not seem to have been given
on any large scale." he stressed
“and I can not see that the evi
dence bears out the contention
that this aid and assistance con
stitutes the main reason for the
existing state of unrest wihin
Greece." He noted, however. that
the failure of governments con
cerned to stop this activity con
stitutes “a grave sin of omission
in relation to the obligations laid
down in the Charter."
The speaker continued to empha
size that. “The inner antagonisms
of Greece which, as will be under
stood. in the opinion of the Nor
wegian Delegation are the main
causes of the present disturbed
border situation. do not in them
selves constitute a danger to in
ternational peace and security."
The main threat was seen to be
"in the faet’that these inner con
flicts and this international ten
sion work themselves out in a
region where Great Power inter
ests and world ideologies clash."
Minister Langhelle voiced his
conviction that the Great Powers
together with all the United Na
tions desire to see a free and in
dependent Greece. “But.” he em
phasized. “we havee-all of us, 1
am sure. a strong feeling that each
of the Great Powers fears that
some other power might take ad
vantage of the disturbances in
Greece and use them as a pretext
for interfering with a view to se
curing its own interests. It seems
clear to me that the mutual sus
picion between the Great Powers
in this case. as in so many others.
is among the main causes of the
present difficulties."
In a three point proposal, he
called for (1) the immediate halt
of all frontier activities in viola
tion of the Charter and of estab
lished international law as well as
the restoration or normal diplo—
matic relations between Greece
and her northern neighbors: (2| in.
ternal appeasement with the help
of outside economic aid; (3) and
the bending of every effort to
"overcome the mutual suspicion
among the Great Powers in this
question. Here. he emphasized that
the Norwegian Delegation, ”has
no doubt that in this respect. the
difficulties would be greatly
lessened if and when the Greek
Government in agreement with the
powers concerned could see its
way to dispense with the presence
or foreign military forces on
Greek soil.”
Disagreement was expressed
with the United States resolution
placing full responsibility for the
present disturbances on Greece's
three northern neighbors. The deie.
gstion doubted "whether the evi
dence produced by the Commission
of Investigation and its subsidiary
body justifies such s definite con
clusion, especially in the case of
In closing Minister Langhelie
added his country's support to an
earlier Swedish proposal calling for
I new commission charged not
only with the supervision of men
urel to auburn bener relation-
and the prevention of border in
cidents. but with the conducting
of “an objective analysis of the
underlying causes of the existing
tension between Greece and her
northern neighbors."
Stanley T. Williams of
Yale University to
Lecture in Sweden
NEW YORK—Stanley T. Wil
liams. Sterling Professor in Am—
erican Literature at Yale Univer
sity and ex-Chairman of the Eng
lish Department. will give a
course of lectures this spring at
Upsala University, Sweden, on the
great American writers of the
nineteenth century. The visit is
financed with a part of the $50.-
000 donation to Upsala University
made in December last year by
D. S. Gottesman, New York mer
chant, in recognition of the help
‘Swoden gave to Jewish refugees
lduring and after the Second World
1 Professor Williams was born at
iMeriden. Connecticut, in 1888 and
‘was graduated from Yale College
iin 1911. He received his Ph. D. de
gree there in 1915 and has been
Professor in English since 1932
‘and Sterling Professor since 1945.
His special field is the Golden
Age of American literature in the
nineteenth century. For some
years he has given courses on
Washington Irving, Ralph Waldo
Emerson. Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Herman Melville. and Walt Whit
man. Among his books are “The
American Spirit in Letters." “Am
erican Literature." and “The Life
of Washington Irving." The first
half of the current academic year
he spent as a lecturer at the Uni
versity of Mexico and after_ July
1. 1948. is engaged to give a course
at the University of Hawaii. Hon—
olulu. Next fall he will return to
his regular work at Yale. Mrs.
Williams. a graduate of Smith
College. and a daughter. will ac
company him to Sweden. Under
the. auspices of the Gottesman
Foundation his lectures will later
be published in book form.
MrCGottvsman Donates Scholar
ship to l'psala Student
In addition to his above men
tioned donation. Mr. Gottesman
has made a further grant to Up
sala University of $2.000 as a
scholarship for a student in the
English language and American
literature to attend an American
university for one year.
School children of W'ilmington.
Dcl.: Philadelphia; Bishop Hill.
“1.; Rockford; Minneapolis. and
Lindsborg, Kansas, have compiled
a detailed history of the Swedish
population in each of the six com
munities. “'0 copies \vcre pro
duced. of which one was sent to
Swedvn. The other was on d‘splay
in Rockford, Ill.. during Decom
bcr. The initiative to the project
was taken by Miss Theodora Van
De Mark. Junior Red Cross Di
rector of Rockford. Sections of
the book are profusely illustrated.
some parts with photographs and
others with original drawings and
A group of twenty—one students
lrom Sweden. Norway. Denmark.
and Finland arrived in New York
on December 28 on a Scandina
vian Airlines System plane. The
flight represented the first time
that such 0. large group of stu
dents had made a transatlantic
{crossing by air. The young boys
‘nnd girls, rsnging in use from six
teen to nineteen years. will re
}main two and s hslt months in
‘the United Sutes. Their visit is
‘being sponsored by the New York
‘Metmpoiitan School Study Coun-‘
'ril, the New York Herald Tribune.
.and the Scandinavian Airlines.
lCiimax of their stay will be their
’participation in thr- Hernid Tri
bune Youth Fomm at the Wal
dorf~Astoria Hotel in New York
on Much 6.
ESpitzbergen Coal
Mines Producing
OSLO—Norwegian coal mines
on the arctic island of Spitszber
gen, all but destroyed during the
war, are expected to produce 280,-
000 metric tons of coal this year.
according to recent estimates.
Above-ground installations at the
Svea mines have now been rebuilt
while repairs have been progress
ing steadily at the Kings Bay site.
Storage and loading facilities at
Longyear City have been repaired
as have power plants, warehouses.
and barracks.
1 The new Longyear City is in
[reality three different establish
;ments. built in three different
gparts of the valley. A modern hos
}pital there. complete with X-ray.
‘,a fully equipped operating room.
5 and all modern facilities, was com
1pleted late this summer and is
tcapable of serving a maximum of
!3.000 workers. At the present
‘time, 900 miners are expected to
lwinter at Long'year City and 270
lat the Svea Mines.
i Kings Bay mines will probably
Ibe manned by a crew of from 250
gm 300 men during the coming
‘season. Next season, it is hoped
jthat the Longyear City and Svea
j Mines will be able to produce 700,-
!000 tons, with the Kings Bay
jworks turning out from 150,000 to
j 200,000 tons.
News In Brief;
An exhibition of seventy-five
drawings by the Swedish painter
Ernst Josephson was recently
held at The Dudley Peter
Allen Memorial Art Museum at
Oberlin College, Ohio. The draw
ings. which are lent by Dr. Sten
Lindeberg. of Stockholm, have
never before been shown in Amer
ica. Ernst Josephson (1851-1906)
is regarded as one of the greatest
figures in Swedish painting. Ar
rangements for :he exhibition were
made partly by Miss Ellen John
son, art librarian and instructor at
Oberlin College, who spent last
year in Sweden.
Eleven Austrian scientists. who
for some weeks have been conduct
ing research studies at various
Swedish institutions as guests of
the Swedish Government, have now
returned home. At a farewell re
ception at the Austrian Legation
in Stockholm a spokesman for the
group expressed his and his col
leagues‘ thanks to officials and
private persons in Sweden who had
helped to break their spiritual
Lars Berg, Swedish Star boat
‘ehampion, won first place in the
‘two races he entered in the recent
international Star boat contests at
Portoflno, Italy, In the second
race. his nearest competitor was
eleven minutes behind. Italy had
mustered a fleet of twelve Sta!-
boats. Mr. Berg. who skippered
his boat. “Stardust." had earlier
captured the Swedish champion
ship for craft of this class.
Three Ways
Service for boats up to 136 Foot
Experienced Shipwrights
Astoria Marine
construction 60.
Phone 2170
Emergency. Nights, Sundgys. and
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Astor“. Oregon
News in Brief:
A group of some twenty Ameri
‘can students. who for a year have
attended special courses at the
University of Stockholm under the
G. 1. Bill of Rights, ended their
studies on December 16, on which
occasion a special farewell session
was held. H. Freeman Matthews,
United States Ambassador to Swe
den, greeted the students as "pio—
neers" and also thanked the uni
versity for having planned and ar
ranged the courses. Early in Jan
uary a majority of the young men
and women will return to the Un
ited States.
Technical research work in Swe
den in the field of television will
be directed by a new agency, called
The Committee for Television Re
search. Among the members will
be representatives of the Govern
ment Technical Research Council,
the Royal Institute of Technology,
the research bureau of the Na
tional Defense. and the L. M, Er
icsson Telephone Company. Space
and instruments have been donat
ed by the Stockholm Institute of
Technology. and sufficient private
‘donations have been made to guar
lantee the expenses of the Com—
[mittee for two years.
More than half of the Swedish
people have health insurance. In
the last seventeen years the num
ber of persons insured have risen
from one half million to over four
million. Each year some 100.000
more are added. The benefits
which the insurance companies are
able to offer are constantly im
At the annual meeting on Janu
ary 8 in New York of the Cruis
ing Club of America. Alfred F.
Loomis. yachtman, writer, and
associate editor of “Yachting."
showed colored motion pictures
taken by him last summer when
he followed the Sandhamn legatta
in Sweden. Next summer Mr.
Loomis hopes to take his boat.
"Hotspur," via steamer to Europe
to compete in Scandinavian races
in both the North Sea and the
Sales and Service
ITS Bond
GRADE .\ MILK. CREAM, Bl"l"l‘ER\lll.K
116 10th Phone 1173
W V m" _ Astoria
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jAmerican Singer
Triumps in Stockholm
STOCKHOLMn »(By wireless)-- 1
Miss Christine Lindberg. Ameri
van singer of Swedish extraction,
recently made her debut at
the Royal Opera in Stockholm as
“Amneris” in the opera "Aida.'
Warmly received by press and
public, she scored a unique artis
tic triumph. Miss Lindberg has
never before appeared on an op
eratic stage, but was engaged on
the recommendation of Fritz
Busch, Metropolitan Opera orch«
ostra conductor, who used to live
in Sweden before the war. The
artist is only twenty-one yeais
She was born in Texas of Sww
Lu‘ish parents, and studied singing.
;with Mme. Karin Branzeli. cele
ibrated Swedish contralto, who fm
_many years was a member of the
‘Metropolitan Opera Company. It
lwas Mme. Branzell who called
iMr. Busch's attention to Miss
iLindberg and thanks to his help
:9. six month contract was signed.
despite the fact that the directors
iof the Stockholm Opera had never
seen or heard the young singer
tprobably the only engagement of
{its kind on record.
A biography of Emanuel Swe
denborg. the Swedish philosopher
and theologian of the 18th century.
has been written by Signe Toksvig.
who received a Guggenheim schol
arship to do this work. It will be
published in March, 1948, by the
Yale University Press and will
contain some 500 pages and sev—
eral illustrations.
Duane 8: 14th
Hiafl's Bakery
Specialty Breads
Wedding Cakes
Birthday ("de
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Astoria. Oregon
Phone 1222
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