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THE SCANDINAVIAN AMERICAN
Norway Housing Makes Progress OSLO—Building news from southern and central Norway indi cates that construction has come far despite shortages of various materials and of skilled labor in certain fields. In Oslo, the capital. a total of 577 new apartments begun in 1945 and 1946 were ready for occu pancy during October. An addi tional 2.100 apartments, now under construction. are to be completed before year's end or during the first half of 1948, and another 1,689 units are new building in the adjoining Aker section. Here, ma terial has been allotted for an other 350 units and according to latest reports 350 pre-fabricated two-family dwellings are now on order in Sweden for erection in the Oslo area. Over 300 new homes have risen in the heavily damaged west-coast city of Kristiansund since 1940. 79 have been built since libera tion, and 119 more are now un der construction. In addition, pub lic structures now building include a new post office, a Bankof Nor way. branch. a nurses home, and the Nordlandet School. Reconstruction of Steinkjaer, also heavily damaged, has now progressed to such an extent that city fathers have approved plans for a new community center. This will include a theater. meeting hall, various smaller meeting locales, public bath, library, and municipal “Hundred Years Of Swedes” (From an editorial in the “Moline Dispatchj’: Moline. Ill., Decem- ber 9. 1947). ”Persons of Swedisn. descent living in this’ area are cognizant of the fact that the few years preceding 1947 and the few years to come are marking the centen nial of Swedish settlements in the Middle West. While others were preparing for the vast gold rush to the West Coast and preparing to go down in history as '49ers. Swe dish immigrants were settling in the Middle River Valleys and get ting ready for full production of plows by John Deere. Swedes not only have helped make the plows. but have used them. They have helped build not only the plow in dustry, but they have founded a rich agricultural empire by grow ing food . . . "In 1841 a group under the leadership of Gustaf Unonius set tled in Wisconsin. By 1845 Swedes had settled in Iowa, and by 1846 Bishop Hill Colony in Henry Coun ty was a real project. From these settlements Swedes fanned out to the northern lumber camps, to the prairies of the Dakotas, Kansas. and Nebraska. Everywhere they went they have become known as hardy. hard-working, self-reliant people. “Next summer we shall see numerous celebrntlona of a Swe dish centennial in such areas as Detroit, Nebraska. Kansas, Min neapolis end northwestern Illinois Including. of course. the trl-citlos." News In Brief: The Swedish Club in Los An gola some time ago observed it: 25th anniverury with n banquet at the Biltmore Hotel in that city. One 0! the sponkers wu Governor Rickard Soldier, who was a mem ber of the Swedish delegation to the United Nation: General Ap oeinbly at Luke Success, He will deport tor Sweden direct from the West Cout. Three Nobel Prize winner: attended the dinner: Mme. Gabriel. Mistral. Chilean poet. who won the 1945 Literary Iword; Prof. Carl 0. Anderson. co-winner oi the 1936 prize in Physics. and Prof Robert A. Mil likhn, who received the Physics oword in 1923. Prenident oi the club. which inst year doubled its membership, in Ted Love-on. Consul General Goreoran Returns After Twelve Years In Gothenburg i The value of Swedish neutrality during the war was stressed by the retiring American Consul Gen eral in Gothenburg. William W. Corcoran, on his departure aboard the Swedish American liner Drott ningholm. which arrived in New York recently. The war-time serv ices of Mr. Corcoran in Sweden’s largest seaport, where he spent twelve years, won for him the State Department’s ‘Medal of Freedom'. The citation from the State De partment. presented by Louis G. Dreyfus, American Minister to Sweden. is the highest U. S. Civil ian award. Given because of the ”best one-man intelligence job of the war," Consul General Corcoran said that the results were due to Yale Undergraduate Wins Scholarship to Study in Sweden NEW YORK — Announcement has been made by “The Boston Globe" that two Yale seniors are winners of the “Boston Globe World War II Memorial Fellow ships." which give to each winner $1,000 for a year's travel and study outside the United States. One is David S. McClelland. and the other is Ernest G, Ekman. Mr. Ekman will use his Globe Fellow ship year for study at the Univer. sities of Gothenburg and Helsinki and travel through Scandinavia to gather material for an M. A. thes is, which he will write on return to this country. At Yale he has concentrated on International Re lationship and hopes ultimately to enter the diplomatic service of the United States. He visited Sweden a year ago. and speaks and reads Swedish. in addition to other lan guages. He is a native of the Un ited States. First Ambassador to Sweden Arrives STOCKHOLM—(By airmail)— H. Freeman Matthews. new United States envoy to Sweden, arrived in Stockholm with Mrs. Matthews on November 29, having made the Atlantic crossing on a Swedish freighter. “This is the first time I visit Sweden," he told newspapermen in his office, “and it in also the first time I settle in any foreign cap ital an an Ambauador. I regard it my main duty to maintain and further improve the friendly rela tions existing between my country and Sweden.” Mr. Matthews, whose last for eign post wu Lhnt of Minister- Counulor At the United Stntes Embassy at the Court of St. Jamu. in an ardent alpinist and expressed his delight 1t soon be ing able to make the acquaintance of the Swedish Lapland moun ulna. There were 627 infantile paraly lia cues registered in Sweden lut summer, spin-t 2‘8 during the same period 01 1946. the cooperation and aid of the Swedish people. Consul General Corcoran is cred ited with having produced the tip which uncovered the German V weapon and “heavy water" experi mental laboratories at Pleene munde which were destroyed by British bombers on August 17. 1943, and in many circles hailed as the turning point of the war. Mr. Corcoran's part in the cap ture of von Ribbentrop also was stressed as well as the aid he furnished more than 5,000 Jewish refugees on arrival in Sweden. Consul General and Mrs. Cor— coran made themselves extremely popular in Gothenburg during the twelve years he served as Ameri ca's diplomatic representative. News In Brief: An agreement for an exchange between Sweden and the United States of theatrical plays suitable for children has been reached by Mrs. Elsa Olenius, Swedish librar ian, who has charge of a children‘s theatre that was started in the Stockholm Civic Institute five years ago. While studying this subject during a recent visit to the United States. Mrs. Olenius be came especially impressed with the work done at the children‘s playhouse at Palo Alto. Calif. The popularity of boating in Sweden is reflected in a set of fig ures. just released. In Stockholm alone there are more than 50 yacht clubs and motor boats asso ciations with in all 12,000 mem bers and about 6,800 boats. (Stock holm’s population is only' a little over 700,000.) Dr. Amandus Johnson of Phila delphia, American historian and author of Swedish birth, has re cently observed his seventieth an niversary. He attended Gustavus Adolphus College. St. Peter, Minn. the University of Colorado. Yale University. and the University of Pennsylvania from which he re ceived his Ph. D. degree in 1908. He was one of the founders of the American Swedish Historical Mu sium in Philadelphia and served as its Curator until 1946. when he retired. He has also been active in the Swedish Colonial Society and is the founder of the New Sweden Historical Association. In 1921 he received an honorary doc tor's degree from the University of Gothenburg and in 1938 was similarly honored by Upsala Uni versity. Among his , books are “The Swedish Settlements on the lDelaware," “The Swedes in Amer ica." and “Contributions of Swedes to American Progress." Sweden scored a victory in the international pantsthlon contests which have just ended in Stock holm. with representatives from is e v e n .countries participating ‘First individual prize was won by Lieutenant Wilie Grut. with an Hungarian named Karacson as isecond. Third to 13th places were itaken by Swedes. The best Am ?erican athlete, F. Weber. came 120th. Sweden was the best na ition, followed by Hungary. Fin ‘land. Switlerland, U.S.A.. France. I and Great Britain. :t l( ' «ii-IN R" Recently Published: “Sweden's Labor Program“ by Tage Lindbom. League for in dustrial Domocrm-y Pamphlet Se ries. 112 East 19th Street, New York 3, N. Y. 62 pages. Prive 35 cents. Illustrated with photo graphs. Mr. Lindhom is also an thor of “The Origin and Early History of Swedish Trade Union ism” and heads the archives of the Swedish Labor Organization. The eleven 0 h a p t e rs cover: “Growth of Swedish Trade Unions“ “Employers and Workers Agree to Negotiate," “The New Position of the Labor Federation." “The Un ions and the Second World War," “Swedish Labor Legislation," "La— bor in Politics." "The Social Dem ocrats and the Depression,” “The Labor Opposition." "Labor and In ternational Relations," “The Post war Labor Program," “Education al Progress." The pamphlet can also be purchased from The Am erican-Swedish News Exchange, Inc., 630 Fifth Avenue, New York 20, New York. “New Swedish Designs in Air craft," by Pelle Lofstrom. “The American Swedish Monthly." 45 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20. N. Y. Pages 8-9. ff. Illustrated. (“International reputation is be ing established by the Swedish Aircraft Company"u. January. 1948, Price 25 cents. Also: “King Gustaf's 40-Year Reign Celebrated in Sweden." Pages 6-7, ff. With photographs. “His Fame Grew with His Flowers." by David R. Bowers. Page 10, ff. (The story of Ivar Ringdahl. Swedish Ameri can horticulturist of Rome. N. Y.. noted for his varieties of roses). "International figures assemble for twenty-fifth anniversary din ner of the Swedish Club of Los An geles," by Ivan Benson. Pages 13- 14, ff. “Haven for Merchant Sea men." Page 11. ff, (Description of the new recreation room for Swe dish merchant marine sailors at the Seaman's Church Institute in New York.) “Record Size Whaling Ship Is a Floating Factory." Page ;12 ff. (The new floating whaling ’factory, “Kosmos II,“ delivered by JGotaverken yard in Gothenburg to (Norwegian ownersJ Also camera reporting of King Gustaf's 40th anniversary jubilee and the Nobel Prize awards. , “Sweden-The Middle Vi'ay." By Marquis Childs, will be brought out in a pocket edition January 20. and will be available through co operative associations at 35 cents per copy. It includes the new chapter added in the Third Edi tion. Cooperative League of the U. S. A.. 525 West 76th Street, Chicago, Ill, “Can Science Save Us?" By George A. Lundberg. New York, Longman‘s Green and Co., 1947. 122 pages. Price $1.75. “The Wonderful Adventures of Nils." By Selma Lagerlof. Trans lated from the Swedish by Velma Swanston Howard. A new issue. with 200 illustrations in black and white by Hans Baumhauer. New York, Pantheon Books. Inc.. 1947. 539 pages. Price $5.00. “Swedish Food." Gothenburg. Esseltes Goteborgsindustrier A. B. 1947. 150 pages. Illustrated with black and white and color plates. Bonniers Bookstore, 665 Lexing ton Avenue, New York 22. N. Y. Price 83.50. "The Neon Wilderness." Short stories by Nelson Algren. New York. Doubleday & Co., Inc.. 1947. 286 pages. Price 82.50. “Moon Over the Back Fence." By Esther Carlson. New York. Doubleday a C0,, 1947. 191 pages. Price 82.50. “God's Fxrst Children." Bible stories from the Old Testament. By Esther Salmlnen. Illustrated by Raj md Per Beckman. Trans lited from the Swedish by Eu gene Gay~Tifft. New York. Roy Publishers. 25 w. 45 St. N. Y. 1946. 125 pages. Price $2.00. Nenty Swedish reindeer have arrived by ship at Buenm Aires. They are destined for Tierra del Fuego. oft Cape Horn, in the Struts 0! Magellnn, where they will become a part of the island hum. The land-cup;- and climate 0! ‘I‘iem del Fuego Are similar to thou.- ot Swedish LIplund. 9 Iron Masters Observe 200th Anniversary “If all the gold in the world disappeared, our civilization would nevertheless be able to exist. But if all the steel were removed. the very foundations of our material culture Would go to pieces" As the Swedish Iron Masters Association (Jernkontoretl, one of the most famous Swedish institutions. cele brated its 200th anniversary, its president, Helge Silverstolpe. opened his speech with these words at the festival in the Stock holm City Hall. The Swedish Iron Masters As sociation is a wholly private insti tution. of which all Swedish enter prises in the iron and steel indus try are members. It was founded in order to create better market— ing conditions for Swedish steel abroad. For many centuries Swe den had been one of the world's leading producers of iron. and in the 18th century it was responsible for up to 40 per cent of world pro duction. Nevertheless, the Swedish steel trade was not particularly lucrative. Satisfactory prices were not obtained. which was due part ly to an inefficient sales organiza tion. and partly to an inadequate credit capacity. Through joint co operation in the Iron Masters ‘Association and with the support lot" the Riksbank. the steel pro } ducers managed to overcome these ldifficullties. When Sweden lost its ipredominating position in the pro ! duction of iron. the foundation had :been laid for a world-wide export lof high-grade iron and steel. The Iron Masters Assocxation gradually let its commercial inter ests go. and began instead to con centrate on the promotion of aci— entific and technical research in the production and development of iron and steel. The organization established mining schools, and en gaged experts who developed new methods of operating blast furn aces, etc. When the 200th anniversary was celebrated. the Association's silver medal was awarded to SIX fore men in the Swedish steel industry. Instituted in 1822_ the medal has only been given 31 times during the past 125 years. All six are veterans. who have been with their companies for 40 or 50 years. They belong to old “steel families," in which for generations the trade has been passed on from father to son. In connection with the jubilee. the new Metallographic Institute in Stockholm was inaugurated by the Crown Prince. It is located close to the Stockholm Institute of Technology, where in recent yours several modern research imﬂtuo tions have sprung up. These have been established by private mduu trial companies in cooperation with the government. 1 ‘ Sweden Visited by ’ 44,000 Americans j l STOCKHOLM—(By airmalll-A— [According to Dr. Gustaf Munthe.‘ 1 head of the Swedish Tourist Trif lnc Assocnuon, um was ~th. ‘Nggest and the moat import-n: tourist your that Sweden has ever Eexperienced. Trlvolera from the Inelghborlng Sundlxnvlm coun ‘ tries have staged a veritable inva ,slon into Sweden, 3nd tourists § from other pu'tn of the world will lprobubly number 155.000 by the land of this yenr, :3 compared tn Ill7,000 In 1988 tnd 84000 last i year. 0f the 155,000 visitors. t‘w lam. out part. or “.000, wen Amen lcuna, followed by some 40.0“) Britishers. Dr. Munthe expects that Sweden's income from m: tour-lat traffic will mount to $50 million humor. The hlghest in“. ever reached before the Sec“ World Wu- wu 80 million km.