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“Stockholm" Captain Waldemar Jonsson was in command of the Swedish American motoriiner “Stock holm" on its maiden 'voyage from Gothenburg to New York. Captain Johnsson, who for the past six months has supervised the completion of the ship, is a veteran in the North Atlantic service and previously has been In command of the S. S. “Drottninghoim.” Stavanger Base Prepares for Giant Planes OSLO—Field statistics recently released for 8019. Airport at Sta vanger give a good indication of the ideal weather conditions pre vailing at that base. It is noted that from August 13th to Decem ber 19, 1947, a total of 47 land ings were made at the airport by scheduled airlines which were un able to land at their regular stops Hecauae of bad weather. Soli's good weather record is further illustrated by January February figures for last year when the GQO sign (landing for bidden) was in operation for but 55 minutes. In one day alone, 28 landings Were made by scheduled airllnes because most other Euro pean airports were closed due to weather conditions. Total cost of developing the 80111 base into a ﬁrst-class trans-At lantic terminal has been estimated at $2,940,000. Under the 1946-47 State Budget, $400,000 was appro priated for pmﬂmlnary work while an sdditlonal $590,000 was pro vided under the present budget. Traffic Department proposals aug gest a. $1,206,000 appropriation for the 1948—49 period. with the re~ malnlng figure to be covered dur- Ing 1949-50. Postponement of this flnal ap propriation will not seriously de lay the opening of the ﬁeld for trans-Atlantic Stratocrulaer traf fic, It was noted. I See. 562, p. L. a: 1:. U. s. POSTAGE P A l D ' Seattle, Wash. 5 . . Permit No. 4513 6% out! W ; Q) LEL- & ‘ ' n» 4' Serving the Scandinavian-American Population of the Great Northwest Vol.‘ 4, No.3. SEATTLE. WASHINGTON, MARCH, 1948 WAR MADE SWEDEN BlllLD 180 NEW LIGHTHOUSES 0H COAST STOCKHOLM—During the war years 1939 to 1945, the number of lighthouses along the coasts of Sweden increased from 464 to 645. or by no less than 181. In little more than one year~—1939 ‘and 1940—114 new unmanned Aga lights were built. which is a re ‘cord in the history of the Swedish pilot service. Sweden's coastline. which has a length of 1,150 miles, stretching from the North Sea in the west to the northern end of the Gulf of Bothnia. is guarded by an al most unbroken series of archipel agoes. Only certain parts of these archipelagoes afford passages deep enough for very large ships, while there are a great number of channels navigable to small and medium-sized vessels. These “in side" sheltered routes have always been of great importance to Swed ish shipping. and in wartime they have made sea traffic possible en tirely -within protected Swedish waters. But there is one essen tial condition for the full use of mac coastal waterways: an ex tensive system of navigation lights. The first real system of light houses in Swedish waters was created during the second half of the 19th century. Following Gus taf Dalen's epoch-making inven tions in the field of navigation lights, the beaconing out of the Swedish waters continued at a fairly rapid rate. A few years before the war. surveys had been made with a view to establidiing a coastal waterway with a mini mum depth of 20 feet from the Aland Islands down to Kalmar Sound in the Baltic. These sur ‘veys were nearly completed when the war broke out. The immediate ;consequence of the new situation ‘was that a plan was drawn up for providing this waterway with lights as quickly as possible, and at the same time a new project was presented, aiming at the cre ation of a similar 20-foot fairway along the west coast up to Nor- Tourist Clue dining room on the new "Stockholm." way. The east coast project com prised 89 lights, the west coast project 25. These two programs were coms plated at the end of 1940. Their success was the outcome of an in timate collaboration between the Swedish pilot service and the Aga Company. Four standard types of small unmanned lighthouses were used. Pre-fabricated forms of wood or sheet iron were employed for the concrete work, and some of them were built on pre-fabri cated concrete caissons. which were towed to the site of the light and sunk there. The lights were all built with a standard diameter of about 6 feet and a standard wall thickness of 6 inches. Apart from these unmanned standard lights, 11 large light houses. showing many novelties as to construction and equipment, were built in SWeden during the war. Flam To llunt Norway Wolves OSLO — Norwegian military planes and pilots in arctic Norway are awaiting the zero hour for “Operation Wolf Pack." During the past weeks. frenzied reports from Lap herdsmen in the Finnmark area north of the Arctic Circle have described hordes of wolves moving across the border from Russia. Reindeer herds have al ready been hard hit and an appeal has been directed to the authori— ties. Col. Ole Reistad, war-time head of Camp Little Norway at Toron to, Canada. and now Commanding Officer at Bardufoss Alrdrome has wired beleaguered herdsmen that the Air Force stands ready. The wolf packs will be hunted down by lead-spitting pursuit planes follow ing the same system as has al— ready been used in Canada with considerable success. notes the Colonel. Publisher oi “Vestkusten” Now 80 Alexander Oisson, for 60 years connected with the Swedish hu gusge newspaper “Vestkusien” in San Francisco, shown here with hisrdaughter, Mrs. Martha Kuhnle. at the dinner given in his honor on his 80th birthday recently. United States Has Slim lead In Athletics LONDON —- By a margin of only one does the United States of America now lead Scandinavia in the matter of record holders in world track and field athletics. The lead has been whittled down fol— lowing the recent ratification of world marks here. In the list officially accepted by the International Amateur Ath letic Federation, world controlling body of the sport. Americans fig ure 32 times and Scandinavians 31. Nine other names are contrib uted by six other nations. The 31 Scandinavian team and individual record holders come only from Sweden and Finland. two countries with a combined population of less than 11.000.000. Sweden. with an entire population equal only to three quarters that of the cities of New York or Lon don. supplies no fewer than 23 to the list. The approach of the 1948 Olym pic Games. for which athletes from more than 50 nations will assem ble in London. makes a study of world records especially interest ing just now. A reliable guide as to the present distribution strength can be obtained. A stand ing compiled from countries ap pearing in the list works out like this: United States of Americnr 32 Sweden , .. . 23 Finland ......... _ .. 8 France . .V 1 Great Britun . .. 1 South Africa 1 IOC a Copy (“Smoke Tunnel” Gets First Test OSLO—~Norway's first “smoke tunnel." replacing the conventional smoke stack. recently underwent preliminary tests at the. Norsk Aluminum Company's plant at Hoyanger. Like many factories in the fjord districts, the Hoyanger plant is in a. deep narrow valley. In recent years it was noted that gasses from the plant's new electrolysis installations were damaging plant life in the area and that a new smoke stack would be necessary. Instead of building the GOO-foot stack necessary to carry the harm ful vapors into the upper air, en gineers decided on the smoke-tun nel system, and during the war years work was begun on the new installation. The smoke is first washed to remove the fluorine gas and is then driven by powerful fans through steel pipes to the tunnel inlet. The tunnel itself is sunk 3.1 feet in the mountainside. is nine feet in diameter. and emerges at the mountain-top some 500 feet above the valley floor. Here, pre vailing winds disperse the. harmful gasses. Finland Delivers llouses 'l'o Russia Flnland has delivered the last cat-load of preflbricated houses n9- quired as pll‘t of its n-pamtions payments to the Soviet Unmn. The delivery was acrnmplished m just over thrﬂ- years of the re quired eight year period. - m ho‘hses- are Vchieﬂy one and two-tummy strucmrea. Be sure to vou- Tuesday. March 9.