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Scandinavian American. [volume] (Seattle, Wash.) 1945-1958, June 01, 1948, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093436/1948-06-01/ed-1/seq-3/

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Professor Gunnar Myrdal
Honored at Dinner in N. Y.
NEW’ YORK, June 8.—Profes
sor anmar Myrdal, former Swed
ish Mn ister of Commerce and at
present Secretary General of the
United Nations Economic Commis
sion in Europe, who is on a three
week‘s visit to the United States.
was honored last night for his
contribution the solution of the
Negro problem in America at a
banquet given at the Waldorf-As
toria Hotel in New York by the.
Connnntee of 100. Prior to the
outbreak of the Second World
War. Professor Myrdal spent four
years in the United States head
ing an inquiry into the condition
of the LOIOI‘Cd race sponsored by
the Carnegie Foundation. The re
sult was published in 1944 in “An
American Dilemma: The Negro
Problem and Modern Democracy."
“World politics will be increas
ingly concerned with the demands
for equality raised by underprivi
leged colored people throughout
the world," said Professor Myrdal.
“The way America. handles this
problem will have truly crucial im
Difference In Value
Between Sweden’s
Export, Import Less
STOCKHOLM. (By airmail) -»
During the first quarter of 1948,
the value of Sweden's export was
considerably greater than during
the same period last year. At the
same time, the import surplus de-j
creased in value with 85 million‘
kronor. Sweden's imports during
the first three months of this
year were worth 1.164 million kro
nor, against 984 million kronor in
.1947. Exports were valued at 745
million kronor, as compared with
480 million kronor during the first
quarter of last year.
For one year. beginning May 1,
Poland will export goods to Swe
den valued at about 275 million
kronor. The biggest item on the
list is coal and Coke for almost
200 million kronor. Sweden‘s ex
ports to Poland are estimated at
145 million kronor during the
same period. In comparison with
the trade treaty of 1947, the pay
ment arrangements of the new
agreement are more advantageous
for Sweden. Thus only ten per
cent of the estimated total import
must be paid for in hard cur—
rency, as compared with forty per
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§ In theWest it's .
plications for the country as a
world power."
Other speakers at the dinner
were Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt,
who introduced the guest of honor;
Bartley C. Crum, publisher of ‘the
newspaper PM. and Walter White,
secretary of the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Col
ored People.
lit-rind Tribune Editorial'
Lands Myrdal
In an editorial this morning, the
wa York Herald Tribune calls
Professor Myrdal's book “one of
the greatest collective works of
research of our day," which is
steadily building its cumulative
impression. The tribute to Dr.
Myrdal, the paper states, should
also be a congratulation to the
Carnegie Foundation for its wis
dom‘ in commissioning the study
and the inspired choice of this man
from Sweden for the job as di
rector. "We hope that an increas
ing number of serious readers are
hereby led to discover the Myrdal
Norway Vital
Statistics 1947
NEW YORK, N. Y. —— Provis
ional statistics set Norway's pop
ulation at 3,164,000 as of Dec. 31,
1947, with the similar figure for
1.946, 3,126,000 and for 1945, 3.-
083.000. During 1947. the excess
of births over deaths was 12.28
per 1000 inhabitants, against 13.31
per 1000 for 1946.
cent hitherto.
According to a new agreement
about trade and payment matters
between Sweden and Western Ger
many. Sweden is to export goods
to the American and British zones
in Germany at a value of 190 mil
lion kronor during the remainder
of 1948. Deliveries to Sweden from
these two zones during the same
period is estimated at about 150
million kronor.
Sweden has also signed a new
trade agreement with Switzerland.
which will run for two years. It
envisages a balanced trade be
tween the two countries, which
means that Sweden will drastically
cut down its imports from Swit
zerland. Despite this reduction,
the import will still be bigger than
that of before the war. even con
sidering the rise in prices.
Seattle. Wash.
Swedish Centennial [
Exhibition f
Opened In Chicago
NEW YORK. May 3 ~(ASNElg'
,,_A reception and tea for six‘
hundred persons in the afternoon:
of Sunday, May 2, at the Chicago5
‘Historical Society ill Lincoln Park, i
iserved to open the Swedish Gen-1
itennial Exhibition. 3 major event1
‘in the 1948 Swedish Pioneer Cen-é
itennial which will be celebrated}
ithroughout the Middle West in}
iJune to commemorate the one;
hundredth anniversary of the set:
tling of the Swedes in the midwest. :
ern States. The exhibit featurest
‘the famous Olof Krans primitive?
paintings of the Bishop Hill Col—1
ony, which are now being shownf
in Chicago for the first time. Also}
on display are many personal ef-1
fects of early Swedish immigrants.1
A sterling silver chalice, a gift ofi
the famous singer, Jenny Lind, tol
a group o'f Swedish church people;
in Chicago, in 1851. was lent byl
the Episcopal Diocese of Chicago.
The primitive paintings of Olof
Krans record in color life at the
19th century Swedish community}
experiment in Illinois. the Bishop!
Hill Colony. Located one hundred}
and sixty miles southeast of Chi-i
cago. the colony was founded byi
a group of religious dissenters ini
1846. It was a Christian commun-[
al organization. in which property:
responsibility. and work were
shared among the men and wom-t
en. It was dissolved in 1862. and
the area now belongs to the State
of Illinois.
Krans Served In tho Cival “'ar !
Olof Krans, who died in 1916,
came to Bishop Hill from SWeden
as a boy. He was born Olof Olson,
on November 2, 1838, in the north
ern province of Vestmanland. In
August 1850. with a 7group of‘
eighty people, 010! and his fam
ily set sail for America. and art
rived at Bishop Hill while the col-v
ony was still young. Olof went tol
English school and used to attend‘
the oxen. whose role in the colony'sl
history he later depicted on can.
vas. He took the name of Krans
when he enlisted in the Illinoisi
Volunteer Infantry during the Civ-I
il War. After he had married and‘
moved to Galva, Illinois. he start
ed painting the Bishop Hill p1c-!
tures from memory while conval
escing from a leg injury. They
have been purchased by the State;
of Illinois as a permanent memor-‘
tal, and are kept in the colony‘
church in Bishop Hill. Twenty
one of the collection have been
llcnt to the Chicago Historical So
ciety for the Pioneer Exhibition.
5 The Jenny Lind chalice bears
ithe following inscription in Swe
idish: "Given to the Scandinavian
iChurch of St. Ansgarius. Chicago.
lfrom a fellow countrywoman. A.
.D. 4851." Beautifully wrought in
{sterlingr silver. it symbolizes the
'tree of life. The cover is topped
'by a cross. mounted on a small
;silver ball; the silver paten which
accompanies the chalice is sur
grounded by a crown of thorns.
Carl Milles Donates
Statue to Swedish
Save Children Group
NEW YORK. — Professor Cari
Mines. noted Swedish sculptor.
who has been active in America
for many years. has donated a
bronze statue to the Swedish Save
the-Children organization. It rep
resents a winged figur. holding
aloft a lyre. The statue will be
taken to Stockholm by Mrs. Elsa
Bjorkman-Goidshmidt. a Swedish
writer, who is now on a lecture
tour of the United States and (‘an
ada on behalf of the Save-tho
(‘hiidren society‘ The pronwds of
the sale will be used to aid needy
children on the European contin
ent. The same statue. but in natur
al size. was earlier made into a
memorial to the late Swedish ac
tor, Gdlta Ekman.
The United Nations . . . o . . SWEDEN
GUN/VAR ragga;
iron and mechanical industries are also important amongr its ex
ports. With an area of 173,347 square miles she has a population
of approximately 7,000,000 inhabitants. The Government is a con
stitutional monary with a two-chamber Parliament known as the
Riksdag. Sweden is represented at the l‘nited Nations Headquarters
by an Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotenciary. Mr.
Gunnar Hagglot‘. The Swedish flag is blue with a yellow cross.
Special Festivals In
Sweden to Greet
STOCKHOLM (By airmail) —
Special reception festivals will be
held in Sweden this summer and
autumn in honor of visiting Swed
ish-Americans. Arranged in con-l
iiection with the Swedish Pioneer:
Centennial, they will be staged
principally in the district from
which the emigration to the Unit-l
‘ed States has been particularly
‘strong. Descendants of S w e dis h
‘settlers in Canada will be likewise
honored. Many interesting tourist
[trips will be arranged. so that the
visitors will be able to acquaint
'themselves with changes that have
taken place since the days of the
emigration and familiarize them“
'selves with the present economic
land cultural conditions of their
|old counties and parishes. The in
[terest in these reception ceremon
‘ies is everywhere in Sweden very
Sunday. September 26 will be ob-
Served all over the eouiitry as a
“Sweden-America Day." A eenii'al
committee has been appointed. and
local branches will later be set up
in the various rural districts.
The idea for these receptions
was formulated at a meeting May
2’) in Stockholm. attended by repre~
sentatives of the Pioneer Cemen
iiial Swedish Committee. the Swed
ish Tourist Traffic Association. the
Vasa Order, the Swi-dish Insti
tute, The Anierieuii-Swedisli News
Exchanges. etc.
Twenty Per Cent of
Swedish Husbands
Help With Housework
——According .to a recent investiga
tion by the Swedish Gallup Insti
tute. 20 per cent of Swedish mar
ried men regularly assist their
wives in the tasks 0f housekeeping
and looking after the children.
About 50 per cent of those interru
gated claimed that they giw their
better halves an occasional hand
in washing or wiping dishes. house
cleaning. making beds. and attend
ing to the children. An averngr
of 30 per vent. or chry third hus
band. takes no intervst \t'hntvwr
in the actual care oi home or Chil
The survey showed a marked
disparity in the attitudovof city
dwalling husbands and their op
posite numbem in the mumry, In
itho city. the husband is a handier
helpmate around the housv than
in rural district. Wives in the coun.
,try complain that their husband
'show the traditional male aversion
[to women'l work in the how.
Mon; children. 38 per cent of
The Kingdom of Sweden occupies the east
ern part of the Scandinavian peninsula in
northwestern Europe. which it shares with
Norway. Although of broken, mountain
ous topography, Sweden has much pro
ductive land. and is well known the world
over through her forest products. Textiles,
the girls above the age of sew-n,
‘and 29 per cent of the boys of a.
‘similar age regularly assist their
’niothers. while 51 per cent of the
jgirls and 45 per cent of the boys
'lend a hand now and then. Eleven
‘per cent of the girls and 26 per
‘cent of the boys never help at all
in the home. This tandem-y is
'most evident in the Cities. where
j36 per cent of the boys never give
iany assistance. as compared With
‘22 per cent in the country. The
isame applies to girls who rue much
lmore helpful around the house in
‘the country than in the city.
in" RADIO ox ms
E STOCKHOLM, Juno 8 ~(By air
‘mail I-ern King Gustaf's ninetivth
‘birthday on June 16 a grouting to
the United States and to the Swed
ish-Americans was sent out by
Columbia Broadcasting Systom
‘und probably also by Mutual
Broadcasting Systom. The king
‘imadv a record of his words on
:Juno 3. at the Drottningholm Pal
ilaco, near Stockholm. and the discs
N'vre flown to New York. Th 0
‘imonarch's message was heard at
Ithv 0nd of spocial programs svnt
’diroct from Stockholm. (‘olumbia‘s
;broadcast was hoard and also the
:Mutual. VVilfrvd Floishvr comment
;l‘d for (‘BS and Birgvr Jambson
il’or Mutual
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