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•& 1 ,rl I I i:'l ••is, .'frf V, tem&m Mir'-x.^mqwv $*W$$i\ Keeping Milk in Hot Weather. The problem of keeping milk during '%'^e Seated term is very much greater j$gpian that of keeping milk at any other time of the year. All bacterial life gifirives and the laws of bacterial life 'nave provided for enormous increase t* of bacteria in a very short time under 1 Bummer temperatures. Conditions "that would permit milk to remain sweet for 24 hours in the winter time will result in milk turning sour in 12 hours in the summer time. In the winter time a poorly washed can would infect the milk and result in time in souring it. The multiplication i. the germs would be very slow, how ever, and most of the milk would be used up before it had had time to sour. In the summer it is necessary that excessive care be taken in the washing of the milk vessels. They should be first washed and rinsed in cold water, which washing will re move most of the casein from the sides of the vessels. If hot water is used first it will result in coagulating the casein, and the latter will stick to the sides and seams. At ordinary temperatures it is the butter fat that sticks to the sides. Therefore it is reasonable, after the casein has been rinsed out, to detach the fat by the use of boiling water. In cases where the vessels of tin are not new, soda should be used in each can, as this will combine with the casein. It should be made certain that the water Is boiling hot and that it remains long enough in the cans to destroy all germ life. This may be assured by cover ing the cans, as by this means the heat will be retained for a long time. Merely pouring hot water into the cans and pouring it out again will generally remove the traces of butter fat, but will not necessarily destroy all germ life. After the hot water has been poured from the cans, they should be again rinsed in cold water and then sunned. This sunning is .very important, and is made much of by the condensing companies. They prescribe rules that must be followed by the men that supply them with milk, and one of these rules is that •in summer time these cans, must be exposed for hours to the penetrating rays of the sun. If one will, in hot weather, go through a dairy region that is engaged particularly in supply ingmilk to the large condensers, he will see everywhere rows of cans on racks and scaffolds so placed that the sun's rays will enter the interiors. The sunlight is germicidal in its ef fects. Cleanliness is the first requis ite of milk keeping. The second cold. The milk should be cooled as quickly as possible, and to as low a temperature as possible, and placed in a room or in water that is cold. These simple principles lie at the bottom of keeping milk in summer. Drinking Places in the Cow Pasture. Cows are animals that seem to pre fer dirty water to clean. The cow is the only farm animal that will drink warm water from mud puddles in preference to cool water from water ing troughs. It is therefore necessary, if we desire the cow to drink pure water, to deprive her fcf sources of supply of impure water. The obnox ious weeds that surround the drink ing places in the cow pastures are frequently the source of taints in milk, especially when such weeds in clude garlic and wild onions. The elimination of these polluted drinking places in the pastures will to a very large extent take away from the cow the inducement to sample these ob noxious weeds. It is always desir able to give the cow only pure water, as in many cases the stagnant water in the pastures is a source of contam ination to the milk supply. Here and there are cases of stringiness or ropi ness in milk. On investigation it has been found that this abnormal condi tion of the milk was produced by mi nute fungi, which were found to thrive in stagnant pools. Some scientists say that the spores of the fungi pass through the cow and into the milk ducts, while others declare that the udders of the cow come into contact with the stagnant pools and that from the outside of these udders the spores fall into the milk pails when the milk is being drawn. By whichever way the spores reached the milk is of no particular interest. As the stagnant water was the source of contamina tion in either case, the prevention of such accidents requires the elimina tion in the pastures of all such drink ing places.—Elmer Ash ton, Bureau Co., 111., in Farmers' Review. The Dairy Sire. The dairy sire is receiving more attention now than ever be fore, but- he Is not receiving the. attention he deserves. The sire for the improving of the dairy herd is the bull that has had great female an cestors, judged from the milk-giving Btafidpoint. Not till recent years has a milk record'been kept of cows, and so it has been difficult to get the in formation of the milking qualities of the dams of the males we wish to buy, but in the future the information will be more easily obtained on ac count of the records that are now be ing kept. The dairy sire should be .well known by the performances of bis ancestors before he is used on the Iherd. A mistake in this matter means a great loss of money. .: The farmer that sells butter and keeps the milk on the farm Is doing the beBt for himself and the children that are to inherit the farm .after him. •#r' Qs.- -, 1 to. ,:v!i•''•lr::^\0^^ -M -:v: STOCK Grubs in Cattle. Last winter a good many of our Readers wrote to us complaining that tumor-like bunches had appeared upon the backs of their cattle and they were at a loss to know what was the cause, while others on squeezing the lumps had found them to contain large grubs. We explained/that these grubs came from the eggs of the ox warble fly, which are. deposited under the skin during'fly time in summer) That time is at hand, and we are writing this article to remind our readers that warbles can be prevented by attention to the cattle when flies are most annoyihg. When the warble fly comes along the cattle show every sign of terror and often stampede or run to water, where they stand all day rather than graze where flies can get at them. It seems that the, fly does not care to cross water and we presume that this is true of some other insect pests of cattle. Despite the partial protection given by water and all places where ponds can not be utilized by cattle warbles will be found on the backs of cattle during the early months of winter and the bunches grow rapidly until in spring they are of full size and the grub or maggot escapes, burrows into the ground, and after a time emerges as a fuil fledged fly to carry on the pestifer ous work of its kind, writes A. S. Alexander in Farmers' Review. When it is seen chat flies are most troublesome to cattle on grass we think it will surely pay to spray their backs with, any one of thp commercial fly repeilers. These applications af ford but temporary relief, but may be used two or three times a week, and will then have an appreciable effect in preventing warble fly attacks. To the same end it is well to provide shade for cattle away from barn yards and feeding yards where manuie is al ways an attraction to flies. Left to themselves it will be observed that cattle get as far away from these places as possible during fly time, and seek the shade at a distant part of the pasture where water is to be had. A lesson should be learned from this habit of cattle and the owner Will do well to provide a shady place for his stock away from the farm yard. In addition to using fly repeil ers daily or several times a week, it the bunch of cattle is large it has been found a good plan to wash the backs of the cattle a couple of times in late fall, using a strong brine for the pur pose. This is supposed to kill the young grubs before they have attained great size and it seems to be quite ef fective for this purpose. Some sci entists claim that the eggs of the ox-warble fly are not deposited on or under the skin of the backs of cat tle, but are laid upon the skin of the fore legs and breast, where they may be easily licked off by the animal. From this source the eggs are said tc be taken into the stomach, where they hatch out and penetrate the walls of the stomach or gullet, gain access to the blood and finally work their way through the flesh and other tissues until they arrive under the skin. .We do not take any stock in this alleged life-history of the ox-war ble 'fly. We believe that the eggs are deposited under the skin and there hatch out into maggots which irri tate the surrounding (tissues with the prickles upon their bodies and so give rise to an inflammatory liquid in which they live and from which they derive their nourishment. They cause great suffering to their hosts when numerous and so retard growth, or fattening, while it has been found by investigation that hides are seriously damaged for the purposes of the tan ner and consumer of leather to the ex tent of many thousands of dollars an nually. It is well, then, to allay the suffering of the animals as far as pos sible, and at the same time to prevent the loss of flesh or milk certain to follow the irritation due to numbers of large grubs under the skin of the backs of cattle. A solution of any one of the commercial coaT tar dips will prove fairly effective in repelling warble flies and will last longer if mixed with oil, tar water or oil of tar in the form of an emulsion. Some have had fairly good results from kero sene emulsion, but thus far no perfect fly repeller has been hit upon that does not contain tar products such as carbolic acid, creosote, etc. The Hardy Mule. Hardiness is a quality that is com ing more and more to have value in the eyes of our farlnefs. The animal that is hardy can be more cheaply radsed than the ani mal that lacks in that important quality. It is declared that the mule is more easily raised than any other farm animal intended for labor on farms of this country. He has a pow erful digestion, that makes it possible for him to use the crudest hay for nourishment. Above 'all, the young mule does not often die from the ail- ments that affect the offspring of Cooling a Hot Room. One of the quickest to cool a large room is to a towel or blanket that been dipped in cold water in the mid- tion die of the room. The temperature will Trees In Poor Soil. Among the numerous varieties of trees now in cultivation, there are some that do better on poor soils than on rich soils. On rich soils these trees grow so rapidly and form so much wood that it does not harden be fore winter comes. This is the case with the European larch. This tree is one of the most famous trees in Eu rope for the production of building material. Larch wood is found in Eu ropean structures that are many cen turies old. The trees from which those timbers were produced grew on the tops of mountains in poor soil. It was believed that the larch could be made a valuable tree for our western prairies. Many thousands of trees were planted in all sections of th& prairie states. The rich soil of the prairies caused a rapid growth, and the wood produced lacked entirely the quality of the European larch. The tops of these trees frequently froze oil in winter, and the wood when used for building material or for fence posts quickly decayed. Our tree growers have long since concluded that if the larch is to be grown at all, it must be grown on poor soils and under hard conditions. What is true of the larch is true of many other trees.—Milton ^Cnight, Cherry Co., Neb., in Farmers' Review. The Common Yellow Bear. This is an insect that is found in our gardens from June to September. It attacks grape vines, apple trees, currant bushes and gooseberry bushes, and even other trees and shrubs. When young the caterpillars are blu- ish white, but are of'a pale cream col or when fully grown. The eggs are round and yellow ana are placed on the under side of leaves. The moth is the miller we find in our rooms at night. In the illustration "a" is the miller, "b" the pupa, and "c" tlffe adult. The caterpillars must be picked by hand. Thin the Branches of Shade Trees. It is a common mistake to permit the branches of shade trees to become too thick. This is true whether they be conifers or deciduous trees. In the case of conifers, like the spruce trees and cedars, the branches, being thick, prevent the sun from reaching the In most branches, which die. If one will lie under some of the thick-branched spruce trees and look up, he will see immediately surrounding the bowl of the tree only dead twigs, and these sometimes extend several feet from the trunk. Such trees are unsightly. The trees would be just as beautiful if the branches were kept thin, and there would be only green from the tips of the limbs to the trunk of the tree. Shade tends to thin out branches. This is nature's means of pruning. When a deciduous tree, like the maple, is allowed to form all the branches it can, it invariably kills all the grass below it. Where shade trees are grown grass is generally also wanted, and the owner of the tree tries every known art to make grass grow under the tree. The only way for him to succeed is to keep the branches of the trees thinned out suf ficiently to allow some light' to get through. This will not disfigure the tree, and will save the grass. Thick ness of branches does not add beauty to a tree, for it is obvious that limbs that cannot be seen do not increase the beauty of a tree, yet they prevent the passage of sunshine. By thinning out the inside branches the beauty of the tree can be saved and the grass at the same time. Preparation of Orchard Soil. If an orchard is put out right, the soil will be prepared for it several years in advance, if the soil is what is known as virgin soil. It is always a mistake to dig holes in virgin soil, and plant trees therein. Ground for orchards should be plowed for one or two years and crops grown on it that need culti vation. Such crops as corn, potatoes, and garden produce are especially well adapted to fit the land for orcharding. The points to be borne in mind are to get the soil stirred deeply, have it thoroughly pulverized and supplied with plant food. No Apple Belt. a fall several degrees in a very short varieties of soil conditions and tex time. The possibilities of this ar- tures. rangement are apparent, as many' sheets or blankets can be used if de sired. There is no such thing as aPPle can the horse. Especially in the south' in some localities than others. But the mule is very profitable as a farm generally speaking, apples can be laborer, in spite of his bad temper grown everywhere in the temperate under certain circumstances. zones. The apple, above most fruits, has a wide range of latitude, and is lit tle affected by longitude, except where ways such longitude indicates aridity. The hang apple adapts itself readily to a great has many varieties of location and eleva- belt, although apples be grown much more successfully While the apple naturally like3 clay soil, it adapts itself to many Dtep rooting plants drainage cf the soil. improve the SENATOR SULLIVAN Says He Has Found Doan's Kidney Pills Invaluable in Treating Sick Kidneys. Hon. Timothy D. Sullivan of New York, Member of Congress from the Eighth New York District, and one of the Democratic leaders of New York State, strongly recommends Doan's Kidney Pills. CUTICURA GROWS HAIR. Scalp Cleared of Dandruff and Hair Restored by One Box of Cuticura and One Cake of Cuticura Soap. A. W. Taft of Independence, Va., writing under date of Sept. 15, 1904, says: "I have had falling hair and dandruff for twelve years and could get nothing to help me. Finally I bought one box of Cuticura Ointment and one cake of Cuticura, Soap, and they cleared my scalp of the dandruff and stopped the hair falling. Now my hair is growing as well as ever. I am highly pleased with Cuticura Soap as a toilet soap. (Signed) A. W. Taft, Independence, Va." GOOD HOT WEATHER READING. Some Wayback Winters That Were Corkers for Cold. "Weather talk is always harmless, if. monotonous," said Daniel O'Connor, Buffalo, "but the cold winter of 1709 was a corker in Europe. All the riv ers and lakes were frozen, and even the sea for several miles from shore. The frost in the gfound was nine feet deep. Birds and beasts were struck dead in the fields, and men perished by thousands in their houses. My ancestors lived in Galway then. In the south of France the vine plan tations were almost destroyed, and it took a century to repair the damages. The Adriatic sea was frozen, and so was the Mediterranean about Geneva. The winter of 1744 was cold, and snow fell in Portugal to the depth of twenty three feet on. the level. In 1754 and 1755 the climate in England was so severe that the strongest ale exposed to the air in a glass was frozen an eighth of an inch thick. I find the other extreme winters in the eigh teenth century were 1716, 1726, 1740, 1771, 1774, 1775 and 1776."- "Dr. David Kennedy** Favorite Remedy are one prompt-and complete relief from dyspepsia and iverdcranffement." B. T. Trowbridge, Harlem K.K, N.Y« EVELYN WALSH, CHAUFFEUSE. Millionaire Miner's Daughter Drives $20,000 Automobile. Blase Newport has been awakened Into a sehiblance of interest by Miss Evelyn Walsh, the beautiful daughter of Thomas F. Walsh, millionaire miner of Colorado. Miss Walsh is the "boss" of a $20,000 automobile, which she drives herself without the aid of a chauffeur. She knows the mechanical make-up of the machine as perfectly as the manufacturer, and it is a treat for the enervated Newporters to watch her make ready for a spin, which she does by a close examination of all the working parts of the car. She is a cool and careful driver, and while fond of high speed has a lively appreciation of the rights of pedestri ans and of horse-drawn vehicles. She has never had an accident or a break down, and can put many of the profes sional chauffeurs to blush when it comes to skillful handling and turn ing sharp corners.—New York Press. WOKE THE WRONG MAN. So Peddler With Blackened Face Thought When He Looked in Glass. Frank Bush, down at Brighton' Beach, tells of a Jew peddler who ar rived at a country hotel one night in a blizzard. The storm was so bad that he could not proceed farther, yet the landlord had no room for him, unless he was willing to occupy a bed with a negro. The peddler balked at this for some time, but finally became so sleepy that he accepted the situa tion and turned in with the black man, leaving an order to be called early. Then the boy about the hotel got in his funny work and blackened the ped dler's face while he slept. In the morning the boy called the Jew at the appointed lime, but when the guest had arisen and looked at himself in the mirror, he returned to bed,- faying: "Veil, I go back to sleep. Dey haf woke de wrong man."—Brooklyn Eagle. New Senator Sulli van writes: "It is a pleas ure to endorse a remedy like Doan's Kidney Pi a in found them of greatest value in eliminating is caused by sick kidneys, and in restoring those organs to a condition of health. My experience with your valuable remedy was equally as grati fying as that of several of my friends. Yours truly, (Signed) TIMOTHY D. SULLIVAN. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. For sale by all druggists. Price, 60. cents per box. Concerning McPherson. First Scot—What kin' o" man is Mc Pherson? Second Scot—A gey o.ueer kin' o' man. I went to his hoose and he asUit me to taik some whusky. When he be gan to pour it cot I said, "Stop! stop! and he stoppit! That's the kin' o' maii he is.—Chicago Chronicle. X&?:?Xr/, ,":'lr *r- €Vv'r WHY NOT "PUT A SMILE"? Expression and Odd One, but Helpful. It is an odd expression, but it sticks in the memory. Put a smile. Who coined it? you ask. Not any one that you know. It came from a briglit-eyed, happy-hearted little tene ment lad as an injunction to some of his playmates. A reporter and a newspaper artist were visiting the densely crowded ten ement district in search, of a story and some pictures. They found at last a number of children who were boiling over with happiness because some godly-minded woman were to send them to the country for a two weeks' outing. Preparation for the picture was watched by the group of children who were about to enjoy the new experience of sitting before a camera. One little lad was particularly glee ful. His eyes danced. He was not one of those in, the picture, and he was not going to the country, but he was happy for all that. His joy was uncontrollable. It broke out at the critical moment, and in an ecstacy of delight he shouted the injunction, "Pyt a. smile." The smile was "put." Could you have helped it? It is pretty good advice, though, isn't it? If the weather man continues per verse and 4he hot days sap your strength and warp your character— put a smile and endure as best you can. The smile will help wonderfully. If worries overtake you and sorrows come to you and your heart seems breaking with the load— Put a smile.—Chicago Journal. Righteous Indignation. Here thtv prdmoter whispered some thing in his ear. "Woald that induce you to look more favorably on our scheme?" he asked. "Sir," answered the alderman from the 'Steenth ward, quivering with wrath, "if you think I am to be swerved from my duty by a bribe— like that—you sadly underestimate me."—Chicago Tribune., At the Village Election: Squire Woolsey—Wei!, Sam, I hope you are going to vote for me to-mor row Sam Scrubbin—I hope so, too, sah I needs two dollahs mighty bad sah.— Punch. Lesson for Women. Jersey Shore, Pa., Aug. 28th (Spe cial)—"Dodd's Kidney Pills have done worlds of good for me." That's what Mrs. C. B. Earnest of this place has to say of the Great American Kidney Remedy. "I was laid up sick," Mrs. Earnest continues, "and had riot been out of bed for five weeks. Then I began to use Dodd's Kidney Pills and now I am so I can work and go down town without suffering any. I would not be without Dodd's Kidney Pills. I have good rea son to praise them everywhere." Women who suffer should learn a lesson from this, arid that lesson is "cure the kidneys with Dodd's Kidney Pills and your suffering will cease," Woman's health depends almost en tirely on her kidneys. Dodd's Kidney Pills have never yet failed to make healthy kidneys. High Finance. Cobwigger—I presume ire lives be yond his income? Merritt—Why, man he lives beyond other people's incomes.—Puck. mmm AVfcgetable Preparalionfor As similating tticFoodandBegula ting the Stomachs and Bowels of INFAN I S HILDRLN Promotes Digeslion.CheerPul ness and Rest.Con tains neither Opium,Morpliine nor Mineral. Not Narcotic. J*ryr of Old J)r SAMUEL ttTCHtR Pbm/Jun Mx Senna Herhttllf Wlf ^aueSerd Jifptrmmt BifiaianakSliitt* HtnpSat£~ Clmfit4t.Sk A perfect Remedy for Constipa tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea Worms .Convulsions .Feverish ness and Loss OF SLEEP. Facsimile Signature of NEW* YORK. At'b inon1li«, old 5 3 IN 1 EXACT copy or WRAPPER. 1C«T AHI.ISHED 1870. Woodward & Co., Grain Commission. OEDBEI FOB FUTURE DHLJLVKRY EXECUTED IX AM, MARKET®. 1 Al1-1 .: A siWf'f- CLEMENTINA GONZALES, OF CENTRAL AMERICA, RESTORED TO HEALTH. PE-RU-NA THE REMEDY. Miss Clementina Gonzales, Hotel Pro vincia, Guatemala, C. A., in a recent letter from 247 Cleveland Ave., Chicago, 111., writes: "I took Peruna for a worn-out con dition. I was so run down that could not sleep at night, had no appetite and felt tired in the morning. "I tried many tonics, but Peruna, was the only thing which helped me In the Ipast. After I bad taken but a halt bottle I felt much better. I continued its use for three weeks and I was com pletely restored to health, and was able to take up my studies which had been forced to drop. There is nothing better than Peruna to build up the system."—Clementina Gonzales. Address The Peruna Medicine Co., of Columbus, Ohio, for instructive free literature on catarrh. WANTED We want ona man in every town In North Dakota to buy bu iter,eggs and poultry from the merchants for us. Stock buj-er, merchant or drayman preferred. Good commission, and will interfere in no way witb your other business. Address, PECK & PECK, Spokane, Wash* roMthm. An Paxtine is 1 FOR WOMEN tronbled with ills peculiar to their sex, used as a donche li cessfnl. Thoroughly cleanses, kills disease germs, •tops discharges, heals inflammation and local soreness. in powder form to be dissolved in para' water, and is for more cleansing, healing, ee and economical than liquid antiseptics for all N —NO. 35— "*WC: germicidal TOILET AND WOMEN'SSPECIAL For sale at druggists, SO cents a box. Trial Box and Book of Instructions Pre*. HH R. PAXTON COMPANY •••TON. M«n| USES The man who really is honest flnd« no necessity to tell others about it. DR. J. H. RINDLAUB, (Specialist) Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat, Fargo, N. D. CUSTOM!) Forjnfantsand Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears In Use For Over Thirty Years GASTORIA TH« OKNTAUn COMPANY. NEW YORK CrTY. DULUTH.