Keeping Milk in Hot Weather.
The problem of keeping milk during
'%'^e Seated term is very much greater
j$gpian that of keeping milk at any other
time of the year. All bacterial life
gifirives and the laws of bacterial life
'nave provided for enormous increase
t* of bacteria in a very short time under
Bummer temperatures. Conditions
"that would permit milk to remain
sweet for 24 hours in the winter time
will result in milk turning sour in 12
hours in the summer time. In the
winter time a poorly washed can
would infect the milk and result in
time in souring it. The multiplication
i. the germs would be very slow, how
ever, and most of the milk would be
used up before it had had time to
sour. In the summer it is necessary
that excessive care be taken in the
washing of the milk vessels. They
should be first washed and rinsed in
cold water, which washing will re
move most of the casein from the
sides of the vessels. If hot water is
used first it will result in coagulating
the casein, and the latter will stick to
the sides and seams. At ordinary
temperatures it is the butter fat that
sticks to the sides. Therefore it is
reasonable, after the casein has been
rinsed out, to detach the fat by the
use of boiling water. In cases where
the vessels of tin are not new, soda
should be used in each can, as this
will combine with the casein. It
should be made certain that the water
Is boiling hot and that it remains long
enough in the cans to destroy all germ
life. This may be assured by cover
ing the cans, as by this means the
heat will be retained for a long time.
Merely pouring hot water into the
cans and pouring it out again will
generally remove the traces of butter
fat, but will not necessarily destroy
all germ life. After the hot water
has been poured from the cans, they
should be again rinsed in cold water
and then sunned. This sunning is
.very important, and is made much of
by the condensing companies. They
prescribe rules that must be followed
by the men that supply them with
milk, and one of these rules is that
•in summer time these cans, must be
exposed for hours to the penetrating
rays of the sun. If one will, in hot
weather, go through a dairy region
that is engaged particularly in supply
ingmilk to the large condensers, he
will see everywhere rows of cans on
racks and scaffolds so placed that the
sun's rays will enter the interiors.
The sunlight is germicidal in its ef
fects. Cleanliness is the first requis
ite of milk keeping. The second
cold. The milk should be cooled as
quickly as possible, and to as low a
temperature as possible, and placed in
a room or in water that is cold. These
simple principles lie at the bottom of
keeping milk in summer.
Drinking Places in the Cow Pasture.
Cows are animals that seem to pre
fer dirty water to clean. The cow is
the only farm animal that will drink
warm water from mud puddles in
preference to cool water from water
ing troughs. It is therefore necessary,
if we desire the cow to drink pure
water, to deprive her fcf sources of
supply of impure water. The obnox
ious weeds that surround the drink
ing places in the cow pastures are
frequently the source of taints in
milk, especially when such weeds in
clude garlic and wild onions. The
elimination of these polluted drinking
places in the pastures will to a very
large extent take away from the cow
the inducement to sample these ob
noxious weeds. It is always desir
able to give the cow only pure water,
as in many cases the stagnant water
in the pastures is a source of contam
ination to the milk supply. Here and
there are cases of stringiness or ropi
ness in milk. On investigation it has
been found that this abnormal condi
tion of the milk was produced by mi
nute fungi, which were found to thrive
in stagnant pools. Some scientists
say that the spores of the fungi pass
through the cow and into the milk
ducts, while others declare that the
udders of the cow come into contact
with the stagnant pools and that from
the outside of these udders the spores
fall into the milk pails when the milk
is being drawn. By whichever way
the spores reached the milk is of no
particular interest. As the stagnant
water was the source of contamina
tion in either case, the prevention of
such accidents requires the elimina
tion in the pastures of all such drink
ing places.—Elmer Ash ton, Bureau
Co., 111., in Farmers' Review.
The Dairy Sire.
The dairy sire is receiving more
attention now than ever be
fore, but- he Is not receiving
the. attention he deserves. The sire
for the improving of the dairy herd is
the bull that has had great female an
cestors, judged from the milk-giving
Btafidpoint. Not till recent years has
a milk record'been kept of cows, and
so it has been difficult to get the in
formation of the milking qualities of
the dams of the males we wish to
buy, but in the future the information
will be more easily obtained on ac
count of the records that are now be
ing kept. The dairy sire should be
.well known by the performances of
bis ancestors before he is used on the
Iherd. A mistake in this matter means
a great loss of money.
.: The farmer that sells butter and
keeps the milk on the farm Is doing
the beBt for himself and the children
that are to inherit the farm .after him.
Grubs in Cattle.
Last winter a good many of our
Readers wrote to us complaining that
tumor-like bunches had appeared
upon the backs of their cattle and
they were at a loss to know what was
the cause, while others on squeezing
the lumps had found them to contain
large grubs. We explained/that these
grubs came from the eggs of the ox
warble fly, which are. deposited under
the skin during'fly time in summer)
That time is at hand, and we are
writing this article to remind our
readers that warbles can be prevented
by attention to the cattle when flies
are most annoyihg. When the warble
fly comes along the cattle show every
sign of terror and often stampede or
run to water, where they stand all day
rather than graze where flies can
get at them. It seems that the, fly
does not care to cross water and we
presume that this is true of some
other insect pests of cattle. Despite
the partial protection given by water
and all places where ponds can not
be utilized by cattle warbles will be
found on the backs of cattle during
the early months of winter and the
bunches grow rapidly until in spring
they are of full size and the grub or
maggot escapes, burrows into the
ground, and after a time emerges as a
fuil fledged fly to carry on the pestifer
ous work of its kind, writes A. S.
Alexander in Farmers' Review.
When it is seen chat flies are most
troublesome to cattle on grass we
think it will surely pay to spray their
backs with, any one of thp commercial
fly repeilers. These applications af
ford but temporary relief, but may be
used two or three times a week, and
will then have an appreciable effect
in preventing warble fly attacks. To
the same end it is well to provide
shade for cattle away from barn yards
and feeding yards where manuie is al
ways an attraction to flies. Left to
themselves it will be observed that
cattle get as far away from these
places as possible during fly time,
and seek the shade at a distant part
of the pasture where water is to be
had. A lesson should be learned from
this habit of cattle and the owner
Will do well to provide a shady place
for his stock away from the farm
yard. In addition to using fly repeil
ers daily or several times a week, it
the bunch of cattle is large it has been
found a good plan to wash the backs
of the cattle a couple of times in late
fall, using a strong brine for the pur
pose. This is supposed to kill the
young grubs before they have attained
great size and it seems to be quite ef
fective for this purpose. Some sci
entists claim that the eggs of the
ox-warble fly are not deposited on or
under the skin of the backs of cat
tle, but are laid upon the skin of the
fore legs and breast, where they may
be easily licked off by the animal.
From this source the eggs are said tc
be taken into the stomach, where
they hatch out and penetrate the
walls of the stomach or gullet, gain
access to the blood and finally work
their way through the flesh and other
tissues until they arrive under the
skin. .We do not take any stock in
this alleged life-history of the ox-war
ble 'fly. We believe that the eggs are
deposited under the skin and there
hatch out into maggots which irri
tate the surrounding
prickles upon their bodies and so give
rise to an inflammatory liquid in
which they live and from which they
derive their nourishment. They cause
great suffering to their hosts when
numerous and so retard growth, or
fattening, while it has been found by
investigation that hides are seriously
damaged for the purposes of the tan
ner and consumer of leather to the ex
tent of many thousands of dollars an
nually. It is well, then, to allay the
suffering of the animals as far as pos
sible, and at the same time to prevent
the loss of flesh or milk certain to
follow the irritation due to numbers
of large grubs under the skin of the
backs of cattle. A solution of any
one of the commercial coaT tar dips
will prove fairly effective in repelling
warble flies and will last longer if
mixed with oil, tar water or oil of
tar in the form of an emulsion. Some
have had fairly good results from kero
sene emulsion, but thus far no perfect
fly repeller has been hit upon that
does not contain tar products such
as carbolic acid, creosote, etc.
The Hardy Mule.
Hardiness is a quality that is com
ing more and more to have value in
the eyes of our farlnefs. The animal
that is hardy can be more
cheaply radsed than the ani
mal that lacks in that important
quality. It is declared that the mule
is more easily raised than any other
farm animal intended for labor on
farms of this country. He has a pow
erful digestion, that makes it possible
for him to use the crudest hay for
nourishment. Above 'all, the young
mule does not often die from the ail-
ments that affect the offspring of
Cooling a Hot Room.
One of the quickest
to cool a large room is to
a towel or blanket that
been dipped in cold water in the mid- tion
die of the room. The temperature will
Trees In Poor Soil.
Among the numerous varieties of
trees now in cultivation, there are
some that do better on poor soils than
on rich soils. On rich soils these
trees grow so rapidly and form so
much wood that it does not harden be
fore winter comes. This is the case
with the European larch. This tree is
one of the most famous trees in Eu
rope for the production of building
material. Larch wood is found in Eu
ropean structures that are many cen
turies old. The trees from which
those timbers were produced grew on
the tops of mountains in poor soil. It
was believed that the larch could be
made a valuable tree for our western
prairies. Many thousands of trees
were planted in all sections of th&
prairie states. The rich soil of the
prairies caused a rapid growth, and
the wood produced lacked entirely the
quality of the European larch. The
tops of these trees frequently froze oil
in winter, and the wood when used for
building material or for fence posts
quickly decayed. Our tree growers
have long since concluded that if the
larch is to be grown at all, it must be
grown on poor soils and under hard
conditions. What is true of the larch
is true of many other trees.—Milton
^Cnight, Cherry Co., Neb., in Farmers'
The Common Yellow Bear.
This is an insect that is found in
our gardens from June to September.
It attacks grape vines, apple trees,
currant bushes and gooseberry bushes,
and even other trees and shrubs.
When young the caterpillars are blu-
ish white, but are of'a pale cream col
or when fully grown.
The eggs are round and yellow ana
are placed on the under side of leaves.
The moth is the miller we find in our
rooms at night. In the illustration "a"
is the miller, "b" the pupa, and "c"
tlffe adult. The caterpillars must be
picked by hand.
Thin the Branches of Shade Trees.
It is a common mistake to permit
the branches of shade trees to become
too thick. This is true whether they
be conifers or deciduous trees. In the
case of conifers, like the spruce trees
and cedars, the branches, being thick,
prevent the sun from reaching the In
most branches, which die. If one will
lie under some of the thick-branched
spruce trees and look up, he will see
immediately surrounding the bowl of
the tree only dead twigs, and these
sometimes extend several feet from
the trunk. Such trees are unsightly.
The trees would be just as beautiful if
the branches were kept thin, and
there would be only green from
the tips of the limbs to the trunk of
the tree. Shade tends to thin out
branches. This is nature's means of
pruning. When a deciduous tree, like
the maple, is allowed to form all the
branches it can, it invariably kills all
the grass below it. Where shade
trees are grown grass is generally
also wanted, and the owner of the tree
tries every known art to make grass
grow under the tree. The only way
for him to succeed is to keep the
branches of the trees thinned out suf
ficiently to allow some light' to get
through. This will not disfigure the
tree, and will save the grass. Thick
ness of branches does not add beauty
to a tree, for it is obvious that limbs
that cannot be seen do not increase
the beauty of a tree, yet they prevent
the passage of sunshine. By thinning
out the inside branches the beauty of
the tree can be saved and the grass
at the same time.
Preparation of Orchard Soil.
If an orchard is put out right, the
soil will be prepared for it
several years in advance, if
the soil is what is known as
virgin soil. It is always a mistake
to dig holes in virgin soil, and plant
trees therein. Ground for orchards
should be plowed for one or two years
and crops grown on it that need culti
vation. Such crops as corn, potatoes,
and garden produce are especially well
adapted to fit the land for orcharding.
The points to be borne in mind are
to get the soil stirred deeply, have it
thoroughly pulverized and supplied
with plant food.
No Apple Belt.
fall several degrees in a very short varieties of soil conditions and tex
time. The possibilities of this ar- tures.
rangement are apparent, as many'
sheets or blankets can be used if de
There is no such thing as
the horse. Especially in the south' in some localities than others. But
the mule is very profitable as a farm generally speaking, apples can be
laborer, in spite of his bad temper grown everywhere in the temperate
under certain circumstances. zones. The apple, above most fruits,
has a wide range of latitude, and is lit
tle affected by longitude, except where
ways such longitude indicates aridity. The
hang apple adapts itself readily to a great
has many varieties of location and eleva-
belt, although apples
be grown much more successfully
While the apple naturally like3
clay soil, it adapts itself to many
Dtep rooting plants
drainage cf the soil.
Says He Has Found Doan's Kidney
Pills Invaluable in Treating Sick
Hon. Timothy D. Sullivan of New
York, Member of Congress from the
Eighth New York District, and one of
the Democratic leaders of New York
State, strongly recommends Doan's
CUTICURA GROWS HAIR.
Scalp Cleared of Dandruff and Hair
Restored by One Box of Cuticura
and One Cake of Cuticura
A. W. Taft of Independence, Va.,
writing under date of Sept. 15, 1904,
says: "I have had falling hair and
dandruff for twelve years and could
get nothing to help me. Finally I
bought one box of Cuticura Ointment
and one cake of Cuticura, Soap, and
they cleared my scalp of the dandruff
and stopped the hair falling. Now
my hair is growing as well as ever. I
am highly pleased with Cuticura Soap
as a toilet soap. (Signed) A. W. Taft,
GOOD HOT WEATHER READING.
Some Wayback Winters That Were
Corkers for Cold.
"Weather talk is always harmless,
if. monotonous," said Daniel O'Connor,
Buffalo, "but the cold winter of 1709
was a corker in Europe. All the riv
ers and lakes were frozen, and even
the sea for several miles from shore.
The frost in the gfound was nine
feet deep. Birds and beasts were
struck dead in the fields, and men
perished by thousands in their houses.
My ancestors lived in Galway then.
In the south of France the vine plan
tations were almost destroyed, and it
took a century to repair the damages.
The Adriatic sea was frozen, and so
was the Mediterranean about Geneva.
The winter of 1744 was cold, and snow
fell in Portugal to the depth of twenty
three feet on. the level. In 1754 and
1755 the climate in England was so
severe that the strongest ale exposed
to the air in a glass was frozen an
eighth of an inch thick. I find the
other extreme winters in the eigh
teenth century were 1716, 1726, 1740,
1771, 1774, 1775 and 1776."-
"Dr. David Kennedy** Favorite Remedy
are one prompt-and complete relief from dyspepsia and
iverdcranffement." B. T. Trowbridge, Harlem K.K, N.Y«
EVELYN WALSH, CHAUFFEUSE.
Millionaire Miner's Daughter Drives
Blase Newport has been awakened
Into a sehiblance of interest by Miss
Evelyn Walsh, the beautiful daughter
of Thomas F. Walsh, millionaire miner
of Colorado. Miss Walsh is the "boss"
of a $20,000 automobile, which she
drives herself without the aid of a
chauffeur. She knows the mechanical
make-up of the machine as perfectly
as the manufacturer, and it is a treat
for the enervated Newporters to
watch her make ready for a spin,
which she does by a close examination
of all the working parts of the car.
She is a cool and careful driver, and
while fond of high speed has a lively
appreciation of the rights of pedestri
ans and of horse-drawn vehicles. She
has never had an accident or a break
down, and can put many of the profes
sional chauffeurs to blush when it
comes to skillful handling and turn
ing sharp corners.—New York Press.
WOKE THE WRONG MAN.
So Peddler With Blackened Face
Thought When He Looked in Glass.
Frank Bush, down at Brighton'
Beach, tells of a Jew peddler who ar
rived at a country hotel one night in
a blizzard. The storm was so bad
that he could not proceed farther, yet
the landlord had no room for him,
unless he was willing to occupy a bed
with a negro. The peddler balked at
this for some time, but finally became
so sleepy that he accepted the situa
tion and turned in with the black man,
leaving an order to be called early.
Then the boy about the hotel got in his
funny work and blackened the ped
dler's face while he slept. In the
morning the boy called the Jew at the
appointed lime, but when the guest
had arisen and looked at himself in
the mirror, he returned to bed,- faying:
"Veil, I go back to sleep. Dey haf
woke de wrong man."—Brooklyn
"It is a pleas
ure to endorse a
Pi a in
found them of
caused by sick
kidneys, and in
restoring those organs to a condition
of health. My experience with your
valuable remedy was equally as grati
fying as that of several of my friends.
(Signed) TIMOTHY D. SULLIVAN.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
For sale by all druggists. Price, 60.
cents per box.
First Scot—What kin' o" man is Mc
Second Scot—A gey o.ueer kin' o'
man. I went to his hoose and he asUit
me to taik some whusky. When he be
gan to pour it cot I said, "Stop! stop!
and he stoppit! That's the kin' o'
maii he is.—Chicago Chronicle.
X&?:?Xr/, ,":'lr *r- €Vv'r
WHY NOT "PUT A SMILE"?
Expression and Odd One, but
It is an odd expression, but it sticks
in the memory.
Put a smile.
Who coined it? you ask. Not any
one that you know. It came from a
briglit-eyed, happy-hearted little tene
ment lad as an injunction to some of
A reporter and a newspaper artist
were visiting the densely crowded ten
ement district in search, of a story
and some pictures. They found at
last a number of children who were
boiling over with happiness because
some godly-minded woman were to
send them to the country for a two
weeks' outing. Preparation for the
picture was watched by the group of
children who were about to enjoy the
new experience of sitting before a
One little lad was particularly glee
ful. His eyes danced. He was not
one of those in, the picture, and he
was not going to the country, but he
was happy for all that. His joy was
uncontrollable. It broke out at the
critical moment, and in an ecstacy of
delight he shouted the injunction,
"Pyt a. smile."
The smile was "put." Could you
have helped it?
It is pretty good advice, though,
If the weather man continues per
verse and 4he hot days sap your
strength and warp your character—
put a smile and endure as best you
can. The smile will help wonderfully.
If worries overtake you and sorrows
come to you and your heart seems
breaking with the load—
Put a smile.—Chicago Journal.
Here thtv prdmoter whispered some
thing in his ear.
"Woald that induce you to look
more favorably on our scheme?" he
"Sir," answered the alderman from
the 'Steenth ward, quivering with
wrath, "if you think I am to be
swerved from my duty by a bribe—
like that—you sadly underestimate
At the Village Election:
Squire Woolsey—Wei!, Sam, I hope
you are going to vote for me to-mor
Sam Scrubbin—I hope so, too, sah
I needs two dollahs mighty bad sah.—
Lesson for Women.
Jersey Shore, Pa., Aug. 28th (Spe
cial)—"Dodd's Kidney Pills have done
worlds of good for me." That's what
Mrs. C. B. Earnest of this place has
to say of the Great American Kidney
"I was laid up sick," Mrs. Earnest
continues, "and had riot been out of
bed for five weeks. Then I began to use
Dodd's Kidney Pills and now I am so
I can work and go down town without
suffering any. I would not be without
Dodd's Kidney Pills. I have good rea
son to praise them everywhere."
Women who suffer should learn a
lesson from this, arid that lesson is
"cure the kidneys with Dodd's Kidney
Pills and your suffering will cease,"
Woman's health depends almost en
tirely on her kidneys. Dodd's Kidney
Pills have never yet failed to make
Cobwigger—I presume ire lives be
yond his income?
Merritt—Why, man he lives beyond
other people's incomes.—Puck.
ting the Stomachs and Bowels of
INFAN I S HILDRLN
ness and Rest.Con tains neither
Opium,Morpliine nor Mineral.
J*ryr of Old J)r
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature of
At'b inon1li«, old
5 3 IN 1
EXACT copy or WRAPPER.
1C«T AHI.ISHED 1870.
Woodward & Co., Grain Commission.
OEDBEI FOB FUTURE DHLJLVKRY EXECUTED IX AM, MARKET®.
.: A siWf'f-
OF CENTRAL AMERICA,
RESTORED TO HEALTH.
PE-RU-NA THE REMEDY.
Miss Clementina Gonzales, Hotel Pro
vincia, Guatemala, C. A., in a recent
letter from 247 Cleveland Ave., Chicago,
"I took Peruna for a worn-out con
dition. I was so run down that could
not sleep at night, had no appetite and
felt tired in the morning.
"I tried many tonics, but Peruna,
was the only thing which helped me In
the Ipast. After I bad taken but a halt
bottle I felt much better. I continued
its use for three weeks and I was com
pletely restored to health, and was
able to take up my studies which had
been forced to drop. There is nothing
better than Peruna to build up the
Address The Peruna Medicine Co.,
of Columbus, Ohio, for instructive free
literature on catarrh.
We want ona
man in every
town In North
Dakota to buy
bu iter,eggs and
poultry from the merchants for us. Stock
buj-er, merchant or drayman preferred. Good
commission, and will interfere in no way witb
your other business. Address,
PECK & PECK, Spokane, Wash*
tronbled with ills peculiar to
their sex, used as a donche li
cessfnl. Thoroughly cleanses, kills disease germs,
•tops discharges, heals inflammation and local
in powder form to be dissolved in para'
water, and is for more cleansing, healing, ee
and economical than liquid antiseptics for all
N —NO. 35—
TOILET AND WOMEN'SSPECIAL
For sale at druggists, SO cents a box.
Trial Box and Book of Instructions Pre*.
HH R. PAXTON COMPANY •••TON. M«n|
The man who really is honest flnd«
no necessity to tell others about it.
DR. J. H. RINDLAUB, (Specialist)
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat,
Fargo, N. D.
The Kind You Have
TH« OKNTAUn COMPANY. NEW YORK CrTY.
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