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Mont Degraded of Hen.
The last man on the Santa Barbara islands was deported in 1853. Our knowledge of these extinct Indians off the California coast is derived from the ac -counts of the early voyagers, from the missionaries who subse quently settled on the islands, and from the remains in their refuse heaps and the skulls and skeletons which have from timd to time been collected. Some of the islands probably at one time had a population approaching 1,000 each, but in 1823 only about 900 were left on Santa Barbara and the neighboring islets and by 1875 all had disappeared. Al though they manufactured a cer tain pumber of domestic utensils, these Santa Barbara Indians are described by the missionaries as the most degraded of all humai beings, with a mortality lowef than that of animals. Insects, especially grasshoppers, formed a portion of their fG^d, alio prob ably the larger varji .ties of earth worms. Spheres Within Spheres. There is a new theory of the earth's interior. It is believed by Mr. Beresford Ingram, a physic* 1st of England, that th» earth embraces three concentric spheres, or three spheres within spheres. The solid nucleus he supposes to be between 3,000 and 7,000 miles in diameter and this to be surrounded by a liquid sub stratum, outside of which is the crust, variously estimated at 70 to 2,000 miles in thickness. More than two centuries ago a similar theory, including the slow rota* tion of the inner solid sphere on a different axis from that of the ent/rt globe, was held by Dr. Ed mund Halley to account for the changes in the earth's magnet ism. The axis of the nucleus was thought originally to have been that of the entire globe. The earth's internal heat, it is now pointed out, may be accounted for by the friction of the differ Jkitly rotating boJies. Not Valuable. "When I sees a man sittin' aroun' wastin' his time," said Uncle Eben, "I generally figures dat he am' wastin' anything val uable enough to worry over.— Washington Star. Burlington Route a The Scenic Line to Chicago PASSING OF THE PAMPAS. Vegetable Pluroes of California Ax* East Losing Their Pop- -.v ularity. is the Burlington's line along the Upper Mississippi River—with in a stone's throw of the stream for nearly 300 miles. To enjoy it by daylight, leave Minneapolis 7:30 a. m., or St. Paul 8:20 a. m., arriving Chicago 9:35 p. m. If time is more important than scenery, use the Limited, an elec tric-lighted train of exceptional elegance, leaving Minneapolis 7:50 p. m. and St. Paul 8:40 p. m., arriving Chicago 9:00 next morning. No one who has ever seen a pampas field with its thousands Df creamry white plumes but will regret the fact that the pampas Is rapidly disappearing from its accustomed haunts in California. Though it is of far less importance than the timber wealth of the state, its loss is a real sorrow to the lovers of na ture. Popular Burlington dining cur service on both trains. The pampas patcheo are being dprooted, for the industry of raising and coloring the plumes ts dying ouit. There have been many large pampas ranches along the coast in southern Cali fornia, but the recent dry weath er has made it possible to pull up the plants without making large holes In the soil sod the ranch men are taking advantage of it. These ranches have been one of the most picturesque features of the landscape. The fields are usually from 40 to 50 acres in ex tent and are closely set with great conical mounds of green 10, 12 and- 14 feet high. From the top of these mounds rise Some 200 feathery plumes of creamy white, which have never failed to call forth exclamations of delight from +oose who have beheld the sight. When the plumes attain a certain stage of ripeness they are picked by hand and with greatest care, for each mound is set with sharp saw teeth which might inflict a dan gerous wound to a careless hand. The plumes are then spread oulj in a dry field to curs in the sun. If this is not properly done the feathers fall off and the plumes are spoiled. Afield covered with these drying p-.v-^aps is a sight peculiar to southern California which is well worth seeing. No wonder the destruction of these ranches has aroused general dis satisfaction. Not Unlikely. Magistrate—You say you didn't steal the watch. Then where did you get it? Prisoner—Bought it, your worship. Magistrate—Where Prisoner—In Regent street. Magistrate—What did it cost? Prisoner—Really, your worship, I ijuite forgot to ask. F. M. RUQQ, Northwestern Passenger Agent, Germania Life Building, St. Paul, Minn. HUTCHINSON, MINN. FT-T TV -FT •II ITMTITiimTITIIMIIII i!=• Oar new $50,000 College Building, located on a beautiful ten acre campus on Brooklyn Heightsyoverlooking' the city. OPENS NOVEMBER 6. Courses: Bookkeeping1, Office Practice, and Higher Accounting Short hand and Typewriting Telegraphy Preparatory Department in English from the lowest grades and up, qualifying the student for entrance to high schools, or colleges also courses in Civil Service and Music. Individual and Class Instruction. Students enter at anytime. No en trance examination. Tuition, $50 for 10 months. Board at the Dormitory, $2 per week. Eleg-antly furnished, steam heated and electric lighted rooms at $3 per month. Lavatories, toilets, and bathrooms on every floor of the Dormitory. An ideal college, loeated in a model college city, two hours from Minneapolis a college for 1 a no a all aces, nonsectarian exemplaiy government recommended by the mayors of Minneapolis and Hutchinson, and by very church, business house, and bank wherever known. This collefre is under the management of the Metropolitan Commercial College, 329 Henne pta Avenue, Minneapolis, and the student may change from one college to the other without the of a single lesson. Nowhere else ih the United States can you find better equipped Com mercial, Shorthand, or Telegraph departments. Our teachers are the best money can secure. The Employment Department connected with oar Minneapolis College enables us to place all graduates positions. Allow us to arrange a course for you,and we will guarantee you a good position as soon as competent. ftEY»r full particulars address G. M. Langum, President Metropolitan College, Hutchinson, Minn., or 329 Hennepin Avenue, Minneapolis, Minn a E BBfl 1 •aBh Forming Queen Cells from Cell Cups By A. I. ROOT. The use of cell cups permits the raiser of queens to produce mora Queens than he otherwise would. The cups are fastened on the hive inside, as illustrated here. The larvae are placed in the cups and the bees ex tend the queen cells downward, as they Would do naturally. Of them A. Root says: "Many times when an apiarist Is going through his yard, he can out out embryo cell cups such as the bees make. These can be utilized at some future time for the purpose of graft ing. But such cells after they are gathered are exceedingly frail, irreg ular in shape, will not bear much handling and most of the time one cannot find enough. Mr. Doolittle was the man that first conceived the idea of making artificial cell-cups that should not only be regular in form, but of such construction as to stand any reasonable amount of handling. I Contrary to what one might expect, such cells are Just as readily accepted by the bees as those they make in the good, old-fashioned wayj and what is of considerable impedance, they can be made in any quality and by any one of ordinary intelligence. Mr. Doolittle takes a wooden rake tooth, and whittles and sandpapers the point so that it is the size and Queen Cells Cups, shape of the bottom of the queen cell. Two or three other sticks are then fashioned of the same size and pat* terns. Preparatory to forming the cells, Mr. Doolittle has a little pan of beeswax kept hot by means of a lamp also a cup of water. Seating himself before a table he is now ready for work. Taking one of these cell' forming sticks he dips it into the water, after which he plunges it about nine-sixteenths of an inch into the melted wax. He then lifts it up and twirls it at an angle (waxed end low est) in his fingers. When cool he dips it again, but not quite so deep and twirls it as before. He proceeds thus until the cup is dipped seven or eight times, but each time dipping it less depth or within one-thirty second inch of the previous dipping. The main thing is to secure a cup having a thick heavy bottom, but which will have «i thin and delicate knife-edge at the top or at that point at which the bees are supposed to begin their work. After the last dipping is cooled a slight pressure of the thumb loosens the cell-cup slightly. It is then dipped once more, and before it is cool it is attached to a comb or a stiok de signed to receive it." DUST SPRAY TO COMBAT CABBAGE WORM. One of the most difficult features of cabbage growing is the combating of the cabbage worm. The liquid sprays of paris green or other poisons are reasonably successful if per formed in time, but have the objec tion that frequent applications are necessary, and this requires consider able time and labor, making the work expensive. Recently the dust form of applica tion has been suggested and tried with very good success in some sec tions. It has the advantage over the liquid spray in being very much easier and quicker applied, as the cumber some load of water is left behind, and Using the Hand Spray 1 in the While the dust process is somewhat new as yet, the general indications are that for leaf eating insects, such as the cabbage worm, potato beetle and canker worm of the orchard, it is very effective. On the other hand, for fungous diseases the liquid process seems to give much better results. The dust spray is very easily prepared and consists of one pound of paris green to which 15 pounds of common flour or air-slaked lime are added. The flour is more adhesive than the lime and is to be recommended for this reason. The cabbage worm is most destructive when the plants are quite small and as the heart is begin ning to form. Care should be exer cised to fight them at this time. It is well to have your ammunition on hand and your spray gun loaded ready to Are on the slightest provocation.— Orange Judd Parmer. Give Colt Time to Grow.—Don't be In a hurry to have your colt reach the Bize of a horse. Steady growth If haaL .. 1 Cabbage Field. on account of its ease of application, repeated spraying may be given. ThiB is a very important point, as the only successful way to combat bugs ia to keep everlastingly after them. 10 1 CHAS. EBELING, Machinist c& Boiler Maker Now is the time to let me figure on your work. Don't wait, but come in and let'us talk the matter over. Engine and Separator Repairing a Specialty. General Blacksmithing Wagorv Work I have hired a first-class blacksmith and am prepared to do all kinds of general blacksmith ing and Wagon Work in connection with my Machine Shop. Architect Book-keeper Stenographer Ad-Writer Draftsman Sign Painter Electrician Window Trimmer Civil Eng. Steam Engineer Civil Service Mechanical Eng... Plumber Steam Fitter I Correspondence Schools I Scraaiton, to 50% more Spot Cash for RIDES and Parties buying meat from me during harvesting or threshing seasons will please call and settle at once. I need the money. Steam and Hot Water Heat ing Plants. isfled Position? Some people arc easily satisfied, Are You If not write us for our booklet entitled 1001 Stor ies of Success, and a catalogue of the course you are interested in. You will find a list of a few of our courses below. We are qualifying men and women, in all parts of the world, for more pleasant and pro fitable^ work.' There are ^difficulties, in your way, that we cannot overcome. We have plans of pay ment to suit every ones' purse. Catalogues-Free. Write today International Pa. RAW by shipping to us than by selling at home. Fair dealings. Prompt cash returns. 'Best foT HIDES, PELTS, RAW FURS, WOOL, ETC. port, shipping taps and how to obtain our Hunters' & Trappers' Guide. We are the most re sponsible Hide and Fur House ia the N. W. Endorsed by 100 leading agricultural papers. ANDERSCH BROS., Department 6S1 MINNEAPOLIS. MINN. mmw—mmBmmsmm The Right Road TO CHICAGO, KANSAS CITY AND OMAHA FROM SAINT PAUL OR MINNEAPOLIS 4 CHICA60 JSf Great WESTERN fUlUMv Many trains dally, superbly equipped, making fast time. Through Tourist Cars to California, with choice of routes west of Omaha or Kansas City. For information write to R. R. JONES, Traveling Agent, Fargo, North Dakota A. Myer. List, Market Re Parties having Farms or Town property for sale would do well to list them with Danskin & Cur ry. Office one door east of Beck erjeck's store. THE COMFORTABLE WAY. GOING NOETH STATIONS Goiso SOUTH —St. Paul... .. .Minneapolis. 6:90 pm 6:35 7:15 7:30 pm 7:38 pm 7:41 7:53 pm 7:58 pm 8:12 8:35 pm 8:57 9:17 9:84 pm 9:42 pm 9:58 pm 10:18 10:80 Lv.. Moorhead. •.. Ar Fargo Ar-. ..Casselton.. ..Lv Lv—Casselton... Ar 1025 am 10:10 a ni 9:80 am 9:20 am 9:13 a a 9:10 am 9.-00 am 8:55 am 8:41 am 8H6am 7:56 am 7:39 am 7:22 am 7:14 am 7:01 am 6:46 am 6:80 am Saxony Fleming Ripon Absaraka Ayr Page Colgate HOPE Blabon Piokert Finley Sharon Ar Aneta Lv Connects at Casselton for Grand Forki and St. Paul. If You Suffer with Rheumatism Dr. Shoop's Rheumatic Remedy Will Bring the Utmost Relief that Medicine Can. The on# remedy 'which many physlolans rely upon to free the system of the Rheumatlo Pois ons whloh are the oause of all Rheumatism. Lumbago, Sciatloa, Gout, la DR. SHOOP'S RHEU MATIC REMEDY. Dr. Shoop spent twenty yean In experlmentlrig be-Afore he discovered the combined ohemlcals one almost always Rheumatism, eto. BHOOP'S RHBU oan turn bony fcgaln—that is Butitoau and trom the poisons roused the twelllng. And end of the pain the end of the suf of Rheumatism. (alls where aoure is put up in tablet or 11 either. You who have whlch made possible certain cure for .Not that DB. MATIO RXJOOT Joints Into flesh impossible. vill drive .blood the .pain and then that Is the and swelling— ferlng—the end This remedy never possible. It is now Quid form—ask for _«_— suffered and are suf fering today from pains* and aches which you know to be Rheumatism: you who experience lameness or twinges of pain In damp weather: you who easily become stiff and lamb without fPP2J2Pi.cause—Just TO DR. SHOOP'S RHEU MATIC CURS. It is jugt the kind of a remedy that accomplishes results. Sold and recom mended by JOHN J. WAMBERG. ores LJftPER Sit quietly in your own home and look over the line of Henry Bosch Co., Chicago, the most complete collec tion of wall papers ever assembled unequalled for new and exclusive patterns. Very latest designs, foreign and domestic and the low est Chicago prices. Save money on every roll, save time and en ergy, and decide at your leisure. Will call with the Bosch Sam ples any hour you name—no trouble and, you are under no obligations to buy*. Just say the word. YA/I STAGER, Paper Hanfier, Painter and Contractor. OFFICE IN WOODWARD BLOCK. HOPE, N. DAK. I A CURE FOR RHEUMATISI GUARANTEED BATT I. JOHNSON'S "6088" Is by Far the Best Blood Purifier and Rheumatism Cure Ever Offered. People suffering with RHEUMA TISM, KIDNEY TROUBLE, CA TARRH OR ANY OTHER BLOOD TROUBLE will find immediate re lief In "6088" YOUR MONEY REFUNDED If you are not satisfied on taking half a bottle. Could anything be fairer? Sold and Guaranteed by John Wamberg Gold Medal Pharmacy. Lax-eft—only 5c. A Perfect Bowel Laxative for eonstipatlm. bad breath, bad taste, muddy or sallow com plexion, faee eruption, headache, dizziness, soar stomach,coated tongue.billousness. LAX-ET8 act promptly, without pain or griping. Pleas ant to take—pleasant in effect. Formula oa every box. Recommended and prescribed by physlolans' everywhere. In handsome mew Doolcet size boxes only five cents a box. Sold by JOHN J. WAMBERG.