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mwrm.ws$s& ELECTRIM IS HID Sir Oliver Lodge's System Sup plies Artificial Sunshine. Weighed as Business Proposition Method Has Justified Itself and Is Now Being Taken Up on Com merelal Lines as Practical. I London.—In spite of the obstinate Bonservatlsm of the average farmer nuch has been done to carry out Sir Dllver Lodge's plan of utilizing elec trletty tor re-enforclng the fertility of Slants. Weighed as a business proposition, Mr Oliver Lodge's system has justified Itself, and what was tentative and ex perimental is now being taken up on Bommerclal lines as a practical auxil iary of husbandry, it Lionel Lodge, who has control of this department of Sir Oliver's work, hat explained the development of the past year or two and the hope they sfford of further progress. "Have you ever noticed what a re markable Impulse 1B given to the growth of crops by a thunderstorm?" asked Mr. Lodge. "That is the effect Df the strongly charged atmosphere, and our object Is to Bupply a similar itlmulus systematically. "The growth and development of plants in the Arctic regions compares favorably with that in southern coun tries, and yet their summer is very short, and the sun'B rays have to travel In such an oblique direction that much of their heating power Is lost. Why. is it, therefore, that the plants flourish? The explanation lies In the strong electrical currents which are passing from the air to the earth, the effect of which can be seen in the Aurora Borealls. 'The electric current can be gen erated either by a small dynamo or from the nearest supply company's mains, and by means of a transformer It is raised, to the high pressure re quired (about 100,000 volts). The cur rent from the transformer Is more or less alternating that is, It is not a steady current in one direction, but oscillating first In one direction and then In the opposite. For convenience we call the current In one direction positive, In the other negative. It is the positive current that we discharge from the network of wires above the plants. Under special conditions—as where there Is an excess of natural electricity—It might be advisable to use the negative, but alternating cur rent would be of no use. "To sort out the positive and nega tive currents from the transformer, valves specially Invented for the pur pose by Sir Oliver are used. Working exactly like the valves In an ordinary pump, they allow the current to flow In one direction only, and prevent Its getting back they thus store the elec tricity in the field network from which It Hxses' off to the plants below. "This field network consists of fine Iron wire, the wires being spread about ten yards apart and 18 feet or so above the ground. The wires are so fine that it Is difficult to see them even when standing Immediately be low them. The action that the electrical dls charge has on the plants. Sir Oliver suggests, may be considered as arti ficial sunshine, and as in no way tar king the place of fertilizer. The rich er the soil the larger the Increase that may be expected. With mo|fl plants, on average soil, the electrified lurea may be expected to yield 30 pet cant, more then the non-electrified. II a higher Increase than this Is obtained we consider the results good and il lower poor. On rich soil very much larger percentages have been ob tained. The power required is quite small, and many of the installations a| present working are In unskilled hands." MILKMAIDS IN TROUSERS GQ Machines Take Place of Girls in Mod el Dairy Where Japs Once Were Employed. Seattle, Wash.—One of the model dairies In this state, near North Yakl ma, has received a shipment of mod em milking machines and 50 white trousered girls are thrown out of em ployment. The girls had been doing the milking for several years, having displaced Japanese, who were found to be unhygienic. Each girl wore I tight-fitting pair of trousers and short-sleeved jacket to match. Th garments were boiled and starched each day In the farm laundry. Probably there never were farm ant pals kept so clean as are the cows oa farm. Bach cow is bathed la warm water and soap twice daily, combed and brushed. The floors of the dairy barn are scrubbed man) times dally, and every precaution ta lwn against germs. The newly acquired machines art Assigned to draw the milk by a pump jog method, power for which is sup nIH px a gasoline engine. It is said the machine wni be attti to do the work of ten glrla, and do in a more hygienlo way. The girls donned skirts and are employ* in packing peaches and pears in tlM Irrigated orchards near by. Death Laid to X-Rays. Philadelphia.—Dr. Mlhran K. Kas sablan, one of the best known Xraj specialists in the United States, died at a hospital here the other day front skin cancer contracted from buna re ceived during many years of practlM with Roentgen rays. FROGS STOP CLASSICAL MUSIC Bandmaster Refuses to Wave Baton Again at Beach Unltl Croakers Are Removed. Santa Barbara, Cal.—Music may lave charms to sooth the savage toast, but It only stirs the peaceful trog to outrageous rivalry. La Mon ica, the famous, the great bandmaster irlth the standing hair, has tried it and lias failed. ,, "Ah!" he cried. "Those frog they must die or my music perish!" This was aftff^the first Saturday sight concert of the season in the. Plaza del Banos, on the beach, with Its sweep of city gardens stretching »ut beyond, and the frogs that lurk In the lagoons and marsheB.. Signor Muscente was playing the mad scene from "Lucia." La Monaca's lithe and willowy form was bending In unison with the music and making Ills educated hair bow and bend grace-j fully as the cedars of Lebanon. The reeds and the brasses were blending In a grand symphony that tugged at! Bvery qoul string of his listeners, when trom the flower and palm gardens same the discordant note of an elder-j ly gentleman frog with a basso that ienoted years of training. Then the lady froggies joined, too, ind all the little frogs, until the strains I of "Lucia" were lost in the discord and La Monaca was enacting a mad icene in real life. He spoke Italian rolubly and fluently and with apparent relief. But he refuses to waste his baton on the beach air again until the frogfe are removed. Meanwhile La Monaca will confine his music to the uptown parks until, the last froggie has croaked hiB last a NAIL IN LEG TWELVE YEARS Victim Never Knew It Was There Until Treated at Hospital for Slight Abrasion. Philadelphia.—When John Dayssee Df 1327 South Twenty-sixth street ap plied at the Pennsylvania hospital the other day for treatment for a slight abrasion on the leg he learned for the first time that he had been carrying a horseshoe nail in hiB leg for twelve years. The discovery waB made by the physicians at the hospital, who Bay that the remarkable part of the case Is that nothing serious developed from the presence of the metal. After the nail was extracted Days see could not at first recall how It got into his leg, but later on he remem bered that on Independence day twelve years ago a toy cannon loaded by him with slugs, nails and other pieces of metal exploded and Injured him. He paid little attention to the wound, and yesterday was kicked on the leg by a horse. Although but a Blight abrasion, the injury pained very much, and the young man decided to go to the hospital for treatment. The doctors could not undestand why the wound should pain, and mads a further examination of the leg, with the result of locating the nalL When the nail was extracted it was bent and In a blackened condition. The physicians who performed the operai tion Bay that now, as the nail has been removed, there 1B little possible Ity of any further trouble from the wound. DYNAMITE TO SCARE WOLVES Alaska Miner's 8trategem, Hastily De vised, Proves Effeotlve as Life Saver. Tacoma, Wash.—Besieged In hil cabin by a hungry pack of timber wolves, his rifle jammed and useless, and a rapidly rising creek threaten^ Ing to carry away his sluice boxes and destroy ~the work of weeks, Joe De Blondeau, well known In Haines as an Alaska prospector, scattered ths wolves and rescued his imperiled sluice boxes by the aid of dynamite. De Blondeau threw two sticks wrap ped in an old sack with a long fuss attached among the wolves. As ths ferocious animals surged around the sack the dynamite exploded. 1 De Blondeau's cabin was shaken by the shock, a huge hole was torn In ths frozen ground and the wolf pack was scattered far and near. De Blondeau says he thinks that no' less than .ten wolves were killed by the explosion, but that he could not recover enough fur to establish the number of casu alties. He asBerts he has not been bothered by the wolves since he lntr» duced dynamite HIS GARRY PLAGUE Branded as One of the Greatesl Foes to Public Health. Bubonic Pestilence Invariably Pr» ceded by an Epidemic Among Hated Scavengers—Book by Govern ment Tells of Fight. Washington.—The most complete work ever lBBued on rodents has been published by the United States gov ernment In its crusade to prevent an epidemic of the deadly bubonic plague In this country. From the time of Its birth, through all Its wanderings, in all its haunts, whether on sea or land, in sickness and In health, Uncle Sam traces the rodent and brands him as "plague In fected" and a constant danger to health. "Ancient writing abound In allusions to pestilences and their connection with epizootics among rats and mice," declares Walter Wyman, surgeon gen eral of the public health and marine corps service, in the introduction. "In the Book of Samuel there is a reference to a pestilence having rela tion to mice, and that it might be stayed the Philistines made offerings of golden images of the mice that marred the land." "The Rat and Its Relation to the Public Health," Is the title of the government publication. The co-operation or foreign govern ments was secured in its preparation. The legalized warfare against the ra| in Denmark is described. Mention la made of the work done by the English Incorporated Society for the Destruo tlon of Vermin. °Dr. Walter R. Brinckerhoff, assist ant director of the United States lep rosy Investigation station, discussei "Rat Leprosy." Surgeon Rupert Blue of the United States public health and marine hos pltal service in the chapter of "Ro dents in Relation to the Transmission of feabonlc Plague," declares that in China a rat epizootic almost invariably precedes an outbreak among human beings. Dr. Blue remarks on the p» culr fact that Aesculapius, the god of the healing art, .Is represented by the Greeks with a rat at his feet. How direct contagion Is conveyed from plague-stricken rats to man bj means of the flea is told by Passed Assistant Surgeon Carroll Fox. Dr. David E. Lantz telle of ths natural enemleB of the rat, such ai hawks, owls, skunks, minks, weasels, dogs, cats, ferrets and tho mongoose* In the south, he says, the alligator de stroys many rats along the levees and banks of streams. Snakes are also enemies of the rodent. In the chapter showing the destruo tion wrought by Tats many curious in stances are given.' Mail sacks ar« eaten by rats. They have destroyed cargoes of ivory dikes and dams have been broken down by rats. At Ham burg, Carl Hagenback had to kill threa African elephants because rats had gnawed their feet, Inflicting incurable wounds. The fact that within 15 years ths dread bubonic plague has spread,to nq less than 52 countries Is declared evli dence that the measures taken agalnsl rats have not been efficient. FORM AN ANTI-KISSING CLUB Organization In Cincinnati Will Pro tect Infants as Weil as Adults Who Like to Kiss. Cincinnati.—An anti-klssing club hai been formed here with the title World's Health organization. Thfl president, Mrs. L. Rechtin, has sent out the following appeal: "It has been estimated that one pen son in every seven is infected wltli consumption. Who offers to greet yoq with a kiss? Is It an infected person! Who wants to kiss the little folks? I| It an infected person? You may not be able to answer these questions, but you can join the W. H. O. and protect yourself and your friends. "If you have the welfare of you] country at stake If you prize youi own health If you care for the health of your relatives if you have seen loved one weakened by consumption If you want to protect the babies ij you want to do the world a little good before you die, join the W. H. O. "There are no dues necessary to join the club. The motto 1B 'KISB not.1 We have a club button bearing this motto: 'Kiss Not' "If one of those buttons could be put upon the bib of every newborn baby and worn until the child Is 88 years old there would be more old people than there are today. "Kissing friends in greeting and parting, kissing the baby by well meaning but Infected relatives, are the means of spreading consumption faster than any known scientific rem edy can check It "Why not stop kissing? It Is a time honored custom and one person can not stop it It Is only in unity that mfllfilent strength can be gained to HOPE, STEELE COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, DECEMBER 8th, 1910 1 Qloves and Mittens Fancy Suspenders Handkerchiefs convince the civilized world that klss lng is pernicious and unhealthful." 8tiII Active In Profession. Mrs. Belva Lockwood, who Is th« only woman in the United States whe was ever a candidate for the presl dency, Is now near seventy-flve years old, but continues to practise her pro fesslon. Recently she was down SSLy'ViS* FOR MEN Dress Shirts Night Shirts Fancy Vests Box Cigars Suit Cases Neckties ID the south, paying several Cheroket descendants money for their claims in Oklahoma. She represented the !n dlans in their claims, and each on? r® ceived about. SJ7R. Passing It Along. I've lost all confidence in Blinkers since he worked that old horse off oi me," said Markleigh. Til never trust him again." "What arj you going to do with ths tnlmal?" asked his wife. "Why—er—I expect a friend of mini over this afternoon to look at hlm»* replied Markelgh. Christmas will soon be here and with it the feeling of "Good Will" and the giving ot gifts, to the members of your families and to your friends. We wish to assist you in your selection by mentioning some of the more desirable articles from our stock. Hosiery Lamps Shoes, Etc. DAVIS-TODD MACHINE CO. Black Smithing a^nd Horse Shoeing. Gener&l Repairing and Auto Work, Gasoline Engine Repairing. Boilers and Engines for Sale. Boiler and Engine Repairing a Specialty We also carry in stock a full line of Pipe and Fittings, Bolts, Globe Valves, Check Valves, Cylinder Cocks, Steam Gauges, Injectors, Oil Pumps, Packing, Wagon and Buggy Woodstock of all kinds, Paints, Oils and Hard Grease. We sell Gasolines, Gas Engine and Automobile Oils and Grease. Also a full line of Spark Plugs, Tire Tape, Graphite, Electric Light Supplies, Tires, Inner Tubes and anything for the Automobile. Bring us your work. We are on the square with you. Try us and we will.make you our regular customer. HOPE, NORTH DAKOTA. Phone No. 38. Why Men Wear Trousers. No living man of this age ever de liberately chose to adopt "trousers." He was forced into them and all other eccentricities of dress by women. In the very earliest sartorial experiences he is swathed in a queer bundle of. Incoherent bandages by a woman. Later she puts him In cute dresses so that the neighbors can't tell him from bis little sister. Still later she cuts off his curls and puts him in knicker bockers, and he put on long pantB when she gives the word, not before. That is all that man nas to do with wearing trousers. Women forced Into them in the first place, and now he is afraid to wear anything else for tear of making a sensanon.—Benton (Mo.) Democrat. Queensland Opals. Queensland is celebrated for Its •pals. A particularly brilliant set. ths FOR WOMEN Handkerchiefs Sweater Coats Fancy China Our line is, very complete. Call early and get the best selection. KRAABEL & KRAABEL Dress Goods Hand Bags Silverware Neckwear Cut Glass Hosiery Waists Shoes Furs, Etc. Dnest ever brought together In Queens* land, has lately been assembled. Num bering Just over 30 pieces, the set Is ralued at considerably more £2,000 and comes entirely from Queensland fields. In some of ths specimens the vividness and peculiar, blend jgf the colors are almost da* cling, even In the dullest light One especially fine block of the harlequin pattern optl presents the appearance of a mosaic, done in all the colors ol the rainbow, while another, an oral shaped stone, graduates In color froin a glorious amethyst blue at one end to a fascinating combination of fully 10 different colors and shades at ths other.—London Globe. No Blarney for Bridget. Mistress—Bridget, It always seems to me that the crankiest mistresses get the best cooks Cook—Ah! Go on wld rer blarnerl Ig, No. 87 "1f U-f 1 ft rwhYvl*. 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