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HENEVER your vacation
rambles have taken you to one of the northern states of the country, you have no doubt often been struck by the sight of some un usually large bowlders perched on the top of a mountain, or resting, may be, in such a nicely bal anced position by the very edge of the sea that a dashing wave may rock it to and fro, writes G. N. Collins in the National Geographic Magazine. Examine one of these bowlders more closely,and you will find sev eral things to distinguish it from others that you may have noticed in other parts of the country. Should the rock on which the bowlder lies be jbare of soil, it will often be found to •be of a different kind than that of .which the bowlder is composed. Thus the bowlder itself may be of granite and rest on a surface of limestone, shale or sandstone. You will also often find this bare 'rock polished to a remarkable degree, or marred by scratches, and even deep igrooves running in a more or less 'parallel direction, known as glacial striae. To understand how a block of gran- .beyond the shoreline of today, and in ivain would we scan for the Islands, bays and reaches that now lend such enchantment to our picturesque coast. This circumstance had a very impor- tant bearing on the fauna of that day, as it enabled the animals from the one continent to cross to the other. Ma prised at the total absence of the smaller lakes that now are its most exception of Lake Superior, while In 'the valleys in which these latter now [lie flowed rivers belonging to one f1"® would recognize at once, notwithstand- ing their somewhat more rugged out. !we would know at first glance. For JV? THR™, SNCE C&METHE ULDEHS OS/S £/?FIAT/C. SV££J?JKFPQ3£D OS/ petus was imparted to them, owing to the w®* the recent rise of land and the EVER- increasing humidity of the climate. I™ So we would probably see them tur bulent and swollen and the sides of .their water courses often precipitous ®reenland 'V4 ,\PIH-* "saw- r^v?. t F)U ."*#•£ ite as large as a small cabin could b© Be that as it may, the fact remain a ders from the bottom of a valley to lodged on top of a mountain when that over certain centers—one on the the top of a mountain. there is no similar rock within a hun- east of Hudson bay, the Labradorlan Presently the ice began to retreat dred miles or more, we must trace Its another on the west of it, the Kee- before a more congenial climate. It history back to a time at least 200,000 watin, and a third in the Canadian was not at first, however, a steady re years ago, when the geologic period rockies, the Cordilleran—snow, grad- treat, as not less than four times the called the tertiary was drawing to its ually changing into ice, accumulated ice again advanced after having al dose. year after year in such immense thick- most vanished, and each time it waa The first fact to attract our atten- nesses that finally, impelled by its followed by animals and plants adapt tion, could we have taken a birdseye own weight, motion began, and three ed to the semifrigid climate at its view of the northern part of our con- giant glaciers crept out over the ad- edge. During one of these interglacial jtinent at that time, would be its great- jacent country. These finally joined epochs man appeared upon the scene, er extent than at present. Looking into a continental ice mass that at its But as the Ice melted and disap eastward we would see the shoreline greatest extent covered two-thirds of peared the earth and rocks which It 'extending In places a hundred miles North America—an area of about carried were dumped, sometimes as 4,000,000 square miles. an even mantle, but more often in tage of ev9rjr rank 51768 you you wIU tod characteristic feature. Even the great °PP°rtUII'ties. Jury of your fellow peers. lakes were missing, with the possible 11 you are condemned can demand a noose bald' 6114 shy of P^nfge P^ a*\d a^ost mosteof°Se then etiBtine^ niaft theV^laB',T1 8 Sr extemCte5eCam6 AM Bn„ a ru y°,Ur and iaeeed overhunar in ninona hv you have the privl- and jagged, overhung in 'plac^s 'by CTVZnin^'1'.^ .great ledges and loose blocks readily ,*!? Jl ?,!fore nent was hptIhtrnnfni.. hous® iperatT and ^ch Dlan^aa^Jio^fit' anfl Pi of IeaT®8 th° °W blg and very California grew as ta you who far advance, had not time enough to adapt of which things he would certainly do teeth themseives to their new environment, if your name did not appear on the Pr0bably a ®0D? T* W While there may have been some hills and ridges. Northward the land probably stretch ed unbroken over the present arctic archipelago, and connected on the Suppose you become an English man or your footman you can gel east by way of Greenland, Iceland and Peer and are naturally anxious to find very heavy penalties against him! Id the Scandinavian peninsula with Eu- out exactly what personal rights and the courts. rope and on the west by closing of privileges your new station gives, you Bering strait with Asia. will have to give your secretary a month or B0 to hunt Advice to Aspirants through rows of king a closer inspection of the land- "^bey have not been repealed, how- sure that people do actually appear, scape beneath us, we would be sur- ever» an^ dust-covered volumes. And even then you will not know one-half of them. Lots of them are obsolete indeed, his u^ual efficient method of making ntering ^eJoyal lntentlon JJ f„r Du you maglBtrate haa 110 blnd you over 5® r® lta oommlt you for hOUSe But °f th0B® transformed chancery case and have to appear In business men?" W 016 wItneB8 box' your you wl8hed lfc. btoaUcm of circumstances brought It to another man's oath. If anyone how it will stimulate the messenge! uses nersonal violence to your coach- boys." On its way from the north the ice mass gathered to itself immense quan tities of soil and loose rock which were carried along with it. Occasion ally huge blocks of rock from moun tain slopes and stream bottoms were clutched in the firm grip of the ice and carted for hundreds of miles. Fre quently the ice Would lift great bowl- You cannot be arrested except for an indictable offense. For any offense less serious you can, of course, be summoned to appear. But the police man is not allowed to use in your case y°u wish to take advan- If the offense is serious, however, you PrivlleSe that your new can be arrested in the ordinary way. dlsPlaying or more systems. Infirmity, you are at liberty to keep find it eaay to make them regret that The mountain groups of today we ZJT & a that not even the en3°ysTefePt t0 tbe bou8e Plenty of Then you can claim to be tried by "fortunate enough to be If a society paper gossips about you to death, for instance, you in a way you do not like, the proprie- of silk. If you tors are guilty' of the crime of "scan- your dalum magnatum," and you should T* °f IT «ey Were °f line, and the same would be true in happens to be a peer, are still entitled to use the old method jthe case of the rivers. While we Eve7 would see a number of them in allowed by royal charter, if your friends would not bless you when they strange courses, the master streams I*7 lefds r°yal through one of deer parks' millions of years these had been cut, carry away one or two postman would probably camp out on ting their channels undisturbed, until returning home you may the doorstep till he had that two at the close of the tertiary a new im- /rankIng foresters no* i°r P^8- S j, '8 ow^ as. Pl!Vl* Balley he wlU be sorry- If. T?® the Lancet' crim' dislodged by the least force lnal courts as one guilty of the crime dren, which, it says, "is a matter ol mv. OI Parllament And before he declares that "tooth brush drill is ol very- forget yourself' as be carried out at the proper tlmes S Iceland, to punch the commoner's head, he can most Important of all being the 'las! endless woods summons you, just as he would any- thing before going to rest This mS of the north roamed herds of masto- one else, at the police court. But if, ical authority tlSnks So that "a well with*"R^Vi h0™^ fe&t8lZG' When you are ther®' rfi j**?"*.'* •!iir"'" G(X/J.££ MSAFRMFGU/VRJCOOX'JL/WF. AM/FFF.. difference in time at which the vari ous ice centers reached their greatest development, we will be very nearly the truth in saying that from the southern limit, shown on the map, northward the ice lay in one unbroken expanse, with the exception of the so called driftless area and possibly one of the highest mountain peaks in the east. It is calculated that its thick ness at the two eastern# centers must have been something like 5,000 to 10, 000 feet. 8 bom" L^tly, you need not buy stamps for y°Ur J,®tter* ,U?leS3 you Parliament reopens you of franking" letters. But your reflved 1,ke- letters wlth to klU and If vate mark lnstead of 8 0nly °ne ^nCG,'. Peera only your prl- a stamp. The Though the Privilege of 8ti11 1 exlBts theoretically, tte business-like postofr by sounding flee would probably refuse to recogf nize it.—Stray Stories. Care of Children's Teeth. In a Btrong plea llttle value when on the other hand, it school hours to be of value it must breathe out organized crusade' throughout th« Sir"•"so,or"l0,,s"SJS?s£77r" P°wer to view of the combataS'services0, by keep the peace, or enormous decrease in the percentage contempt of court, one of recruits rejected for defective lords- Get« Th"" not the only ,J~®^ro bas been no good rea- tages your rank giveB you in the munlty subsidize a Marathon meet?" comnara^afv «wt A courts. If you are concerned in a "How will a Marathon help th» mi "i fo* better care of the teeth of English chll showing contempt for the whole the first Importance to the countrv" carried out during Running. advan- "Will the business men of this com word would, if "In many ways. The telegraph com be taken as equivalent pany ought to be Interested. Looh MAY live without poetry, music and art We may live without conscience, and live without heart ffe may live without friengs we may live without books But civilized men cannot live without cooks. —Owen Meredith. Soups Without Meats. In these days of high prices we must use every means to have a good meal with a small expenditure. Soup starts a meal well and there are legion that may be prepared very cheaply. The object of taking soup at the beginning of a meal is to warm, stimulate aud prepare the stomach for the heavier meal that is to follow. The clear beef soups are valuable only as to warmth and stimulation. Cream Boups are a food, and are only served when the dinner or meal to follow is a light one. Cream of Corn Soup.—Take a can of corn, a quart of milk and a grated onion cook together until Well heat ed add a binding of a tablespoonful of butter and flour cooked together, and added to the soup. Season with Bait and pepper, put through a sieve, reheat and serve. Potato soup is one that is most appetizing. Use two or three potatoes, cook until tender with a slice of onion, put through a sieve, add a quart of milk find the binding of a table spoonful of butter and flour season and serve. Clear Tomato Soup.—Add a pint of water.to a quart of stewed tomatoes, a slice of onion, salt, a sprig of cel ery and a little red pepper and a bay leaf. Cook two tablespoonfuls of but ter with two tablespoonfuls of flour and add to the soup strain and serve with croutons. Mock Oyster Soup.—Scrap** 12 good sized roots of the oyster plant or salsify, and throw them at once into cold water. Cut in thin slices and cook until tender in boiling wafer. Add a quart of milk, two teaspoon fuls of salt, a few dashes of cayenne and two tablespoonfuls of butter. Searve in a tureen with oyster crack ers. Pea Soup.—Take a quart can of peas, heat and put through a sieve add two teaspoonfuls of sugar, a 'pint of milk and two tablespoonfuls of but ter and two of flour cooked together and added to bind. Cook until smooth, season with salt and pepper and serve. Spinach and asparagus make very wholesome soups, also onion and cab bage. Celery makes a soup of delicate flavor and may be made of the parts of the celery too coarse to serve in other ways. FIND earth not gray, but rosy, Heaven not grim, but fair of hue. Do I stoop, I pick a posy Do I stand and stare, all's blue. -Robert- Browning. Left-overs. There is a prejudice in the minds of many people that anything warmed over or served the second time is ob jectionable. There are rare house keepers who are able to make ends meet and not have any waste. In plan ning the meals for a week ahead one is able to make dishes for breakfast or supper from the leftover of the day before. Vegetables of all kinds may with careful handling be trans formed into salads, creamed and escalloped dishes in fact, there are numerous ways of serving them. Meats, being our most expensive food, must be bought and prepared with care. The most expensive cuts do not contain any more nutriment than the cheaper ones. By slow cook ing and care in seasoning the cheaper meats may be made most appetizing. A nice way to use bits of leftover chicken is to add it to cooked maca roni in layers, adding gravy or cream for moisture, cover with buttered crumbs and bake until the crumbs are brown. After a boiled dinner, a most de licious hash may be made which many prefer to the boiled dinner itself. Chop the corned beef, after freeing it from all gristle, and add an equal quantity of the cold vegetables—beet, carrot, cabbage, turnip and potato. Season with salt and pepper, add a llt tle water and cook slowly until brown underneath. Turn and fold on a plat ter. Garnish with parsley anil serve. Luncheon Chicken. Cook two tablespoonfuls of butter with a slice of onion and a slice of carrot cut in bits for five minutes add two tablespoonfuls of flour and one cup of chicken stock. Strain and add a cup of cold cooked chipken, cut In dice and well seasoned. Turn on a buttered platter and sprinkle with buttered crumbs. Make four nests, and in each slip an egg sprinkle with crumbs and set In the oven until the eggs are firm. This is a dish of nutri ment sufficient for a dinner. Fatherland Loaf. Butter a long, narrow tin and line It with mashed potatoes an inch thick. Fill with roast beef chopped coarsely seasoned with salt, onion, rice and pepper and moistened with gravy. Cover with another layer of potato and bake a half hour. Turn out on a hot platter find cut in slices to Berve. Mien CABINET HERE is a spot of earth su premely blest, A deurer, sweeter spot than all the rest Where shall that land, that spot of eartli be found? Art thou a man? a patriot? look around. Oh, thou shalt find howe'er thy footsteps roam, That land, thy country, and that spoj thy home. French Dishes. So deeply rooted and grounded are we in the belief that French cookery is the sine qua non of that art that the impression lingers after the fact has .been demonstrated that though France knows much, she does not know all. Mark Twain, who appreci ated a good dinner and had also the courage of his convictions, wrote in his pleasing way, of the ordinary din ner, served as it is in Europe by the French cook: "The European dinner is better than the European breakfast, but it has in feriorities it does not satisfy." We must admit, however, that the French have distanced us in matters of econ omy. They look with dismay upon the huge roasts and steaks which are found on many American tables. Onion Soup With Eggs and Cream. This is a delicious soup. Take six white onions, cut fine, and fried a light brown in a tablespoonful of but ter. Then add a qua,rt of boiling water and one pint of milk, season with a teaspoonful of salt and a dash of pepper, a pinch of mace and a tea spoonful of sugar. Cook slowly for an hour and strain then beat four eggs to a foam, add a cupful of cream, and one tablespoonful of cornstarch mixed with a little cold water cook for a few minutes to remove the ra,w taste of the cornstarch, then add the eggs, as the soup must not be boiled after the eggs are added, as that will curdle the soup. Cream Fritters. Take one quart of milk, one cup ol sugar, one tablespoonful of butter, a half teaspoonful of salt, a cup ol blanched and chopped almonds, flavor with orange. Scald the milk, add a tablespoonful of cornstarch mixed with a little cfld milk. Add the sugar, butter and salt and cook ten minutes. Then add six well-beaten eggs, spread an inch thick in a buttered pan and cool. When firm cut in strips an inch wide and three inches long roll care fully in One crumbs, dip in beaten egg and fry in deep fat. Drain on paper and serre hot. E MAY live without books— what is knowledge but grieving? We may live without hope—what Is hope but deceiving? We may live without love—what is pas sion but pining? But where is tfce man that can live with, out dining? —Owen Meredith. Soup Garnishes. The garnishing of soups make them more attractive and also more nutri tious. Here are a few of the many garnishes Cheese Balls.—Take half a cup ol flour, half a cup of milk, a tablespoon ful each of butter and cheese, a pinch of salt and a dash of cayenne. Mix in a double boiler, cook until smooth, add one beaten egg and remove as scon as the egg is cooked. Cool, and when cool enough make Into balls the size of hickory nuts. Drop into the boiling soup and cook a minute serve immediately. Almond Balls.—Pound a dozen blanched almonds to a fine powder. Beat two eggs until light, Beason with salt and pepper, add the almond meal, a half teaspoonful of chapped parsley and three-fourths of a cupful of flour sifted with a teaspoonful of baking powder. Roll into small balls and drop into the boiling soup five, minutes before serving. Marrow Balls.—Take a piece of mar row the size of an egg mix with one cupful of crumbs moistened with cold water and two unbeaten eggs to bind. Shape In small balls, drop into the boiling soup and cook gently before serving. German Soup Balls.—Roll crackers until fine, mix with butter and make into firm balls the size of a marble. Drop into the soup just before serv ing. Egg Dumplings.—Beat two eggs, add a cup of milk, a pinch of salt and enough flour to make a smooth, thicb batter stir until free from .lumps and drop by spoonfuls Into the boiling soup. Egg Custard.—Beat three eggs and add half a cup of soup stock. Buttei a small pan and pour In the mixture. Set into a pan of hot water and pul into the oven to cook until firm. When cold cut in squares or any fancy I shape and serve in the soup. Adding the custard just before serving. Beheading. Chinese officials have been accus tomed to methods which will make 11 bard for the new railways over ther to carry out policy of refuBini passes to persons of governmental in fluence.—Washington Star. The Church—Its Danger and Security By REV. W. *G. CURRY *9* TEXT—Awake, awake, put on th/ Itrength O Zion.—Isaiah LII. 1. Jehovah spoke this when Judaism. Had fallen into great weakness. Ene mies beset on every side. The church! Has often had its times of moral] weakness. Deliverance always came.! The slumbering giant not only awokei but exerted himself. A deep slum-1 ber prevailed when Christ came. Great systems of idolatry prevailed. The! true God was nigh forgotten. The Saviour gathered a'little band around^ him and sent them forth. With matchless strength they attacked the. the powers and Satan's kingdom was shaken. Another crisis came—papal corruption. Pure Christianity slept beneath gaudy trappings of Catholi cism, movements for freedom were watched, and dungeons were filled with those who dared look up. "Awake awake!" was sounded. Mar tin Luther arose to restore spiritual ity. Since then the truth has been gaining power. When we consider the facilities we have, the outlook is now hopeful. There Is another side. I. The church is threatened with danger. 1. Danger from peculiar activity, and excitability of the times in which we live—entirely an earnest age. New discoveries, new forces ap pearing. Law of change is every where. Wonderful schemes claim public attention. Science, art are ever presenting new questions. Our minds and hands are full never waa there more activity. It is not an un fortunate condition. 'We would not lock the wheels of progress, and re mand the age back to the darkness of the past. In the midst of the excite ment we are in danger of infection, un less there be a corresponding earnest ness in Christian character. Our dan ger is inability to control these forces. We are too much controlled by them. We are being permeated by the spirit of the world, instead of permeating it with our spirit. We must show a re ligion full of life and energy—not a cold, sleepy religion. 2. The tendency to innovation. We believe all essentials are clearly re vealed In the Scriptures. Yet we think more light and improved meth ods may be emlpoyed. B*ut from Ger many comes a spirit that would say our foundations. It has found its way into our theological schools, and is poisoning the minds of the rising ministry. They tell us that reason and not faith must be the guide. They have discovered the Bi ble is an antiquated book, and the gospel too cold. They would take away the Bible as a perfect rule of faith and practise. The danger lies in having our minds alienated from the simplicity of the gospel, and a desire to seek the novelties. We need now more than ever before to cry for the old paths. 3. In danger from the Increasing boldness and energy of the enemies of Christianity. We are no longer at tacked by a few, but the ranks are btrong and the infidelity declares its truths to be the only truths. It has never displayed so much determina tion. It is widespread and is with men in daily walks is in politics, taints legislation, and has token hold upon the public press. The world is flooded with its literature. Vast multitudes listen to infidelity's mod ern apostle. In the light of all these facts have we not cause for alarm? Are we in a condition to successfully contend with these forces? The church' is not putting forth her strength. She has had smooth sailing a long time, and sleeps. £1. What are the elements of strength. 1. Sound doctrine. In these days of laxness and insidiousness we need to contend earnestly for the faith' once delivered to the saints. The doctrines of depravity, atonement and salvation by. grace must be empha sized. Let this be done, and infidel ity will not affect the religion of per sonal experience. 2. Spiritual life. We need a high er-toned spirituality, a religion that enters into all our social and business relations, giving color and shape to 'the daily life. How shall this strength, which God calls on us to exert, be put on? It is not physical, but spiritual strength that we need. It must be put on upon our knees. His Saving Power. Jesus said: "All power is given, unto Me in heaven and in earth go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name JOT the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have com jmanded you and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen." He displayed His wonderful power .while here upon earth. His miracles were a definite attestation to H1B mis sion. He claims and exercises that saving, helping power—a power not now limited by physical conditions, tas might have been charged in His earthly life, but a power which flows with authority from the mediator!^ .throne on which He reigns.