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THE GROWTH OF TOWNS
IN WESTERN CANADA A BAROMETER OF THE GROWTH OF THE AGRICULTURAL ^DISTRICTS. i:A- The traveler passing through a country is impressed favorably or oth erwise by the appearance of the towns along the line of railways. As they appear prosperous and of healthy growth he at once assures himself that there Is either a local industrial factor to cause it, or a splendidly developed agricultural area from which is drawn the resources that contribute or make for the growth that is so readily apparent. On the other hand, if evidence of impover ished streets, badly appearing resi dences and business places and leth argic citizens, there is an absence of local industry and surrounding agri cultural prosperity. There is no line of railway, whether main or branch, throughout western Canada, that through the towns or cities that are built along the ribs of steel do not convey the most favorable impression. The cause is not always apparent, but the facts are there and easily seen. In most casea the growth and the sta bility of these towns are caused by the excellent agricultural districts that are tributary in some cases, manufacturing enterprises have sprung up, caused by the agricultural demands and needs. The Winnipeg Free Press and the Edmonton Bulle tin have' recently sent corps of cor respondents through the provinces to secure data concerning the growth of the two or three hundred towns that have come into existence during, the past two or three years. The partic ulars make interesting reading, and as one reads of the station house, the blacksmith shop, the boarding house and the store of April, being dwarfed in August by a hundred or more dwell ings, by large, hotels, by splendid stores, and a half dozen implement warehouses, not forgetting the two or three churches and the excellent pub lic school buildings, it causes one to stop and think if they ever heard of such marvelous changes. Certainly not often. These are facts, though, as related of western Canada. Then, too, there are now cities—yes, cities of from ten to fifteen thousand people —where five or six years ago there was but the bare prairie and the lone section post. The changes In the Ca-i nadian West during the past eight or ten years have been marvelous, and it is no idle tale to say that the development in number and growth of the cities, towns and villages there and large profit to the operator, 1b such that it has encouraged thousands to follow that pursuit, and also other thousands on the limited and expen sive farms throughout the Central Western States as well as some of the Coast States, to enlarge their field of enterprise. The climate is excellent, and just the climate that is desirable for the healthy growth of man and the products of the field. All varie ties of the smaller and better paying grains are raised, and generally with every assurance of good fields. With government supervision of railway rates, splendid markets are centain, and the highest prices realized. The Dominion Government, that has been carrying on a propaganda of securing settlers for the vacant lands, issues literature descriptive of those avail able in the provinces, and on request of your nearest Canadian government agent, copies will be forwarded fret. A in the past decade has eclipsed any- !an^ 12 Inches deep. These trenches thing in the history of the building of a new country. Agriculture has been Part cement to eight parts gravel, and the basis, and it is agriculture of the the proper grade line. The walls kind that is lasting. The ease with above grade line were hollow, con which an excellent productive farm, I atructed with 24-inch walls spaced capable of yielding a splendid living three inches apart and tied together Deadly Error. Dr. W. B. Cannon of Harvard, dis cussing anti-vivisection literature at a dinner in New York, said with a smile: "This literature, in part at leaBt, is as flagrantly erroneous aB the medical department conducted by a young col lege girl in a weekly paper. A sam ple reply in this department ran: 'Bereaved.—The reply given last week was a mistake. It should have "been ten drops of laudanum, not ten .cups of laudanum. Yes, we advocate cremation rather than the old-fash ioned burial." There's the Rub. "Well," said the optimistic boarder, "there's one thing about our boarding house you can eat as much as you like there." "Of course: same as ours," replied the pessimistic one, "you can eat as much as you like, but there's never anything you could possibly like." Important to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORLA, a safe and sure remedy for infants and children, and see that it Bears the Signature of In Use For Over 30 Years. The Kind You Have Always Bought If every year we would root out one vice we should sooner become perfect men.—Thomas a Kempls. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate and invigorate stomach, liver and bowels. Sugar-coated, tiny granules, easy to take as candy. The best way to lift men Is to meet them on a level. ONLY ONE "BROMO QUININE." That is LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE. Look for '•the signature of B. W. GROv K. Used ths World 'over to Curo Cold in One Day. 28c. Heresy hunting is simply an obaas sion of omniscience. REENFORCED CONCRETE FOR CONSTRUCTING MILK HOUSE Building-.Xs Firs and Water Proof and Easily Kept Clean and Will Give Satisfaction -for"Many Years—Cost $250. The ground was staked off in the proper manner for the location of the building, and leveled by removing the sod to a point four inches below the finished floor line. The trenches were dtig 14 inches wide, 30 inches deep and at the bottom were cut out wider, making them about 28 inches wide for a footing. A cross trench for a foot ing for a partition was 16 inches wide were filled with concrete, mixed one at intervals by steel ties made of three-eighths inch rods. These walls were cast monolythic by the use of a set of forms 24 inches high, reaching entirely around the building. These forms were set in place and held In place by bolts and guides, and then filled with concrete, which was mixed quite wet and in proportion of one of cement to six of gravel. These forms were raised and filled each day till the desired height was reached. There were strands of No. 5 gage wire put in the concrete once every foot around, and around the building with an extra allowance over windows and doors. Also at the top of the wall a double strand of wire was put in all the way around in each four-inch wall. The window and door frames were set in place in the forms at their proper locations and the con crete placed snugly about them. When the side walls and partition wall had been finished, a false wooden roof of the proper design was put on with a cornice projection, but all was constructed In such a way as to be taken out entirely after a concrete roof had been put on and hardened. Over this false work the reinforcing steel was placed and wired together to hold it in proper place and then the whole thing covered with 3% inches of concrete, mixed one to four, and this was surfaced with a trowel finish of rich mortar one-half inch thick. The reinforcing steel for this roof consisted of three-eighth inch steel rods 12 feet long which were spaced eight, inches apart and extended from the eaves up over the peak and they were bent at each end to fit down over the roof form. Thesg rods were crossed once each ten inches by a No. 5 wire running lengthwise of the roof and at each place of contact the wire and rods were wired together with broom wire. A chimney having a flue 8x8 inches and walls four inches thick was also made in place with concrete. The out side of the walls were finished first by rubbing them with a rich cement mortar put on with a wooden float and then by a coat of cement wash put on with a brush which made a very pleasing finish as well as a wa ter proof one. The Inside walls were all plastered smooth with rich cement mortar finished perfectly smooth. The building is divided into two rooms, one five feet six inches by twelve feet in size, contains the gaso line engine, used to run cream sep arator and churn and any other ma chinery needed. The water heater is also in this room and it can also be used to store needed supplies. The rest of the building is the milk room, 12x12 feet in size and in it is located the machinery needed to properly handle milk. In this case they make butter and have a separator and churn and other needed articles in v7 2.0- This milk house is 14x20 feet in size and eight feet high to the caves. The root has a two-foot rise to the peak and is also built of concrete. The following is a description of the material used and method of erecting this building. The owner did all ^he excavating and furnished the gravel for the concrete, and the lumber used for the concrete forms and scaf fold, writes R. C. Angevine In Hoard's Dairyman. The contractor furnished the cement, the doors and windows complete, the steel for reinforcing the concrete and. performed all the other labor of construction not men tioned as furnished by the owner. There was a detailed contract signed by both parties which was carried cut to the satisfaction of the parties con cerned. Such a contract will almost entirely guarantee a well-carried out job of work. The work was carried on as follows: Floor Plan of Milk House /7/t.K COOL/f/Q TfiWXS'A 6'OittS/OC. use. Also there is a cooling tank in this room 3x6 feet and two feet deep w}th the inlet water pipe located in the bottom, also proper overflow pipes. The concrete floors In each room are finished smooth with a per feet grade to carry any and all water to drains located in their surface. This building would be large enough to care for the milk from a herd of fifty or seventy-five cows except in case of using bottles. I believe it would require at least as much room again where milk was bottled, to have it thoroughly good and practical for the same number cf cows. The drawing of the floor plan and photographs wil give a good idea of the design and appearance of this building. Such a building is water and fireproof and easily kept clean and will give satisfaction for years to VtSKW &TC.££. GVO&f 7MC Cross Section Showing Detail of Wall Construction. come. The contract price for this milk house waB $250 plus the cost of the gravel and excavation and the damage to the lumber which was aft erward used for other purposes. The gravel cost about 30 cents a yard on the ground. 8he excavating cost less than five dollars. INDUSTRY IN BIRDS' NESTS Edible Article Is Found Along Coast of Slam and Zs Consumed by Chinese, Who Rearard Xt as Great Delicacy. Edible nests are found In the islands off the coast of Siam, and are the pro ducts of a species of birds belonging to the family of swifts. The nests con sist almost entirely of the salivary secretion of these birds, whose saliv ary glands are much more developed than those of the ordinary swift. The season for the gathering of the nests begins in April, and ends In Septem ber. The female bird, occasionally assist ed by the male, makes the nest. About three months are spent by the birds in completing their first nest, which Is taken by the nest gatherer before eggs are laid In it then the birds im mediately begin to make another nest, which is finished in about thirty days, and which is also taken. Finally, a third nest Is made in about three months, in which the bird is allowed to rear its offspring, after which this nest is also gathered. Each family of birds thus turnishes three nests in one season. The nests taken at the beginning of the season are considered the best in quality. Most of these edible nests are con sumed by the Chinese, who regard them not only as a great table deli cacy, but also as a valuable tonic medicine in neurasthenia and pulmo nary disorders. It 1B said that the demand in Hongkong for the nests ex ceeds the supply, and that the prices range from $15 to $25 per pound, ac cording to quality. NOT AS BAD AS IT SOUNDED Wonderful Highland Dialect Reapon» sible for Wrong Impression Given Divine. Andrew Cairnegie, at a dinner In New York, talked about the Scotch dialect. "It's v/y^/as tv/rjut.. ,-y hard jlingb'to understand," htf' said. "It often causes awkward mlV takes. "Once an American divine spent Christmas in a Highland inn. On Christmas morning he gave the maid a tip-of a sovereign, and he said, look ing earnestly at her—for she1 was a pretty maid— 'Do you know, Kathleen, you area very good-looking lassie?' "Of course Kathleen was pleased, but, being modest, she blushed like a rose and answered: 'Ah, na Ah, na! But my kissln, 3ir, is beautiful!' "The divine frowned. 'Leave the room, you wicked young baggage!' he said sternly. "He didn't know, you see, that mod est Kathleen had been simply, praising In her Highland dialect, the superior charms of her cousin Janet of Pee bles." SKIN TORTURED BABIES SLEEP AND MOTHERS REST A warm bath with Cuticura Soap, followed by a gentle anointing with Cuticura ointment, is generally suffi cient to afford immediate comfort in the most distressing forms of itching, burning and scaly eczemas, rashes, ir ritations and inflammations of in fants and children, permit sleep for child and rest for parent, and point to permanent relief, when other methods fail. Peace falls upon distracted households when these pure, sweet 'and gentle emollients enter. No other ^treatment costs so little and does so much for skin sufferers, from Infancy to age. Send to Potter Drug & Chem. Corp., Boston, for free 32-page book on jthe care and treatment of skin and Scalp troubles. NOT EASILY REBUFFED. She—No, I wouldn't marry the best man on earth. He—Of course not. The bride nev er marries the best man. I—er—want you to marry me. Nipped in the Bud. Parke—Too bad about Bilfer's boy, wasn't It—got him graduated from college and thought he had a career before him. Lane—What happened? Parke—Why, he has just eloped with the lady chauffeur.—Life. Pettit's Eye Salve For Over 100 Year* has been used for congested and inflamed eyes, removes film or scum over the eyes, Ail druggists or Howard Bros.,Buffalo,N.Y, You can't help liking the man who gets knocked out and then comes back. The danger from slight cuts or wounds is always blood poisoning. The immedi ate application of Hamiins Wizard Oil makes blood poisoning impossible. The greatest glory of a free-born people is to transmit that freedom to their children.—Harvard. DR. J. H. RINDLAUB (Specialist), Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Fargo, N. D. He is a dangerous man who spends much time drawing fine lines between shrewdness and sin. WOMAN'S ILLS A Many women suffer needlessly from girlhood to woman* hood and from motherhood to old age—with backache, dizziness or headache. She becomes broken-down, sleep* less, nervous, irritable and feels tired from morning to night. When pains and aches rack the womanly system at frequent intervals, ask your neighbor about Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription This Prescription has, tor orerVO years, been curini delicate, weak, pain- wracked women, by the hundreds of thousands and this too in the privacy ot their homes without their hav• ini to submit to indelicate questionings and offensively rcpu&nant examinations. modern school, 800 pupils, 400 positions flUed last year. Ifyoa find any sub stance your bak ing injurious tOy health made, from bak ing powder in this can there TRUE. Mr. Fitz—Doctor, I'm subject to vio lent fitB of late and I wonder at times that I survive them. Doctor—You sort of wonder at the survival of the fittest, eh? TIRED, 8ICK AND DISCOURAGED Doan's Kidney Pills Brought Health and Cheerfulness. Mrs. J. P. Pemberton, 854 So. La fayette St., Marshall, Mo., says: "For years I suffered from Bright's disease which the doctors said was incurable. I grad ually grew weaker un til I had to take to my bed. The kidney secre tions were suppressed, Siek women are invited to consult in confidence by letter free. Address World's Disj*nsary Medical Ass'n, R.V. Pierce, M. D., Pres't, Buffalo, N. Y. Da. PiBacB's Gbbat Family Docroa Book, The People's Common Sense Medieal Adviser, newly revised up-to-date edition—1000 pages, answers i» Plats English hosts .of delicate questions which every woman, single or married, ought to know about. Sent free to any address on receipt of 31 one-cent stamps to cover cost of wrapping and mailing only, in French cloth binding. I became terribly bloat ed, and finally reached the point where I took no Interest in life. It was at this time I began taking Doan'a Kidney Pills and soon improved. When I had used 12 boxes I was without a sign of the trouble which seemed to be carrying me to my grave." Remember the name—Doan's. For sale by all dealers. 50 cents a box. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. A Prime Cause of III Health. A famous physician on being asked recently what is the chief cause of ill health, replied: "Thinking and talk ing about it all the time. This sense less introspection in which so many of the riBing generation of the nerv ous folk indulge is certainly wearing them out. When they are not worry ing as to whether they sleep too much or too little, they are fidgeting over the amount of food they take or th§ quantity of exercise necessary for health. In short they never give themselves a moment's peace." The Inevitable. "You don't resent that successful candidate's proud and haughty man ner?" "Nope," rejoined Farmer Corntossel. "The fact that he's In politics is all the guarantee I want that sooner or later he'll meet with some kind of a terrible finish." PILES CURED IN 6 TO 1« DATS Four druggist will refund money If PAZO OINT MENT fails to cure any case of Itching, Blind, Bleeding or Protruding Plies in 6 to 14 days. COo. Heavy words in meeting will not make up for short weight in market. Mrs. Wlnsiow's Soothing Syrup. Forchlldren teething, softens the gums, reduces In. flam (nation,allay pain, cures wind colic. 26c a bottle. Slander soon dies if you take it out of circulation. AKOTA BUSINESS AOLLEGE Full courses in Actual Busi ness, Bookkeeping,Penman ship, Shorthand, j**"""! *100.0 In it for School In .session all Sion, ear. For full lnfonna address, r. 1» WATKU8, hqo, S.& PUTNAM FADELESS DYES TOU Calumet has been backed for years by an offer of $1,000 for any substance injurious to health found in the baking prepared with it Does not this and the fact that it complies with all pure food laws, both Stqte and National, prove that Calumet is absolutely pure? With the purity question settled—then Calumet is undoubtedly the best Baking Powder. It contains more leavening power it is more uni form— every can is the same. It assures better results—and is moderate in price. Received Highest Award World's Pure Food Exposition CALUMET BAKING POWDER F—laths Cm Paw Is the Bakliig, Make the Liver" Do its Duty Nine times in ten when the liver is rigjhl the stomach and bowels are right. CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS geady but firmly con pel a lazy liver to do its duty. A I Cures Con stipation, Indigea*i tion, Sick Headache, and Distress after Eating. Small Pill, Small Dose, Sssall Me* Genuine mux bear Signature The Farmer's Son's Great Opportunity Why wait for tbe old farm to become' your Inheritance? Begin now to prepare for your future Sence. rosporlty and indepen A great oppor tunity awaits you in Manitoba, Saskatchewan or Alberta, wbere you can secure a FrceHome stead or buy land at rea sonable prices. VH Now'stheTime —not a yearfrom now, when land will be high er. Tho profits secured from the abundant crops of Wheat, Oats and Barley, as well as cattle raising, are causing a steady advance In price. Government returns show that tbe number of settlers It Western Canada from the V. 8. was 60 per cent larger In IDIO than the previous year. Many farmers have paid for their land out of the proceeds of one crop. Free Homesteads of X60 acres and pre-emptions of lOO acres at S3.O0an acre. Fine climate, Rood schools, excellent railway facilities, low freight rates wood, wa ter and lumber easily ob tained. For pampblet "Last Best West," particulars as to suitable location atiil Inv aattlara' rata annlv t/i and low settlers' rate, apply to gupt of Immigration, Ottawa, Can., or to Canadian Gov't Agent. CHAS. PILLING CHHari Block Grand Forks, M. Dak. Use address nearest you. 8T The Shoe Dealer Who Sella PforM&te Shoes For Children Is the man who Is looking after your interests. PlarMato Shoes outwear two palra of oilier makes of children's shoes, so In sell ing them he Is apparently spoiling his own trade. He finds however that every pair sold sells another and the satisfaction and comfort they give Is tbe best advertising his store can have. The shape allows the little feet to develop natur ally. If you can't buy PlerMate Shoos from your dealer, send us his name and state size and style and we will see that you are quickly supplied. Williams. Hoyt & Co. $1.78 & $2.00 Rochester. N. Y. Nothing Like diem in die world. CASCARETS the biggest seller—why? Because it's the best medicine (or the liver and bowels. It's what they vM do for you—not what we say they will do—that makes CASCARETS famous. Millions use CASCARETS and it is all the medicine that they ever need to take. KM CASCARETS toe a box for a week's treatment, all druggists. Biggest seller la the world. Million boxes a month. Aak to aee the Leather Covered Pocket Edition -G KNOWN THE •9 WORLD OVER PARKER'S HAIR BALSAM Cleanses and beantifies tha hate Promotes a laxurimnt growth. Never Vails to Beaten* Ony Hair to lta Youthful Color* Cor** scalp diseases hair £0c,aodtL00at Draariita OLD SORES CURED AUen'sUloerlne Salve curesChronlcUlcers, Bon* Ulcers .Scrofulous Ulcers. Varloose Ulcers,In dolentulcers, Mercurial Ulcers.Whlte Swell lnir,3IlllrLeg,Fever8ores1sll*lMm. Pwlllwlf— Mfira. ByasUMh J.PjUXIMJ«DUU3tJattUfUB. "p,OR25cSilvercomplete Instructions for great money making scheme. Start earning Immedi ately Absolutely new and legitimate. Anyone any where can handle. (lw.Mjiteiiil,Mlili« Hit, a«rl»,C—. W. N. U., FARGO, NO. 3-1911.