Newspaper Page Text
News of Scandinavia
1 Principal Happening? of the Week _] in the Scandinavian Countries. Norway, Sweden and Denmark have formally ratified an agreement to ob serve the same rules for the main tenance of their. neutrality during naval- wars as are stipulated liy The Hague tribunal. This does not mean a secret alliance among the three •Scandinavian nations, as was hinted •in some quarters. It is merely in line with the steadily growing policy of a better understanding and more pratical co-operation among the three •countries. DENMARK. Lyngby, a suburb of Copenhagen, has been visited by scarlet fever, from one to two dozen of new cases having been reported in a single day. A new, large school has been closed. Mr. Ornfelt, an engineer, was per mit led by the police to run his auto mobile on a prohibited road. The judge imposed a fine on Mr. Ornfelt. The latter asked the judge to recom mend a commutation of the sentence, but the judge answered that the mat ter had been settled for good. But Mr. Ornfelt did not give up the strug gle. He wrote a letter to the king, explaining the peculiar situation. The king annulled the verdict and gave or ders to.have the fine returned to Mr. Ornfelt. The judge was very dis agreeably surprised by this develop ment A newspaper states that all of the 52 Copenhagen soldiers that took sick with a disease somewhat similar to typhoid fever, have contracted heart disease. They may all be sent to the Fahsinge sanatorium for a three months' stay for recuperation. It is not improbable that their troubles are so serious that they may have to be dismissed from service with a pen sion. Thousands of dollars' worth of rare books, portraits and art objects have been stolen from the king's library by an assistant secretary. London—Queen Alexandra has de termined to "come out" this season. She is tired of seclusion and longs for a little public notice and, although 6he will not actually appear at court functions, the public will see her about everywhere. Her devoted com panion, Charlotte Knollys, is plan ning all sorts of outings, including concerts and theaters. The queen mother not only has taken a box for the grand season of opera at Covent Garden, but will also appear in public for the Beecham opera season and the Russian ballet. Towards the end of February she will, according to present plans, go on a yachting cruise to the Mediterranean with her daugh ter, Princess Victoria, and If the Bal kan question Is settled she will visit her brother, the king of Greece. Dur ing the last few weeks she has en joyed going to watering places on the Norfolk coast most frequented by tourists and walking along the shore. She has been recognized many times and seems to take delight in being snapshotted by anybody. Princess Victoria, however, objects strongly to these excursions, and always holds her mufi before her face when she spies a camera. SWEDEN. 12-12-12-12. The officers of the 12th at Jonkoping had an entertainment in a restaurant on the date 12-12-'12. While a farmer's boy was plowing at Fole, Gottland, his plow turned up an old bracelet of pure gold. There was not a scratch on it, and the value of the gold in it is at least $125. The government will buy the find The city council of Vesteras has received its first lady member. And the funniest feature of this new ac quisition is, that her husband was al ready a member, so that both man and wife are members at the same time. Miss Martina Orup of Linkoping, was a lifelong friend of the animals. She died at the age of 80, and after her death it was found that she had willed all her belongings to the so ciety for the protection of animals. Her estate was worth about $5,000. Court circles are greatly interested in the romantic marriage of Baron Axel Taras to Isabella Gyllstroem, whose courtship dates back thirty years. At that time Mile. Gyllstroem was a theatrical star. The parents of young Baron Taras forbade his marrying her and she secretly left Sweden. Six years ago the baron's parents died and be began a world-wide search for his miss ing sweetheart. His efforts were fu tile till last year, when he visited America. There he heard that Mile. Gyllstroem was in Melbourne, Aus tralia, living under an assumed name. He immediately hastened to his old sweetheart, brought her to Stockholm and married her. Rev. Karl Sandgard, of Upsala, skipped that part of the regular pul pit prayer referring to the "military forces by land and sea," and the chapter of his diocese asked for an explanation. He answered that he had intended to resign long ago, but that the archbishops had coaxed him to remain in office until now. A new company has bought a large parcel of land at Ahus for the con struction of a nitrogen factory. It is said that the capital stock is $800,000, and that the capacity of the plant will be 30 railway carloads of fertilizer per day. A mine cruiser named Klas Flem ming has been launched in Stock holm. Its displacement is only 1,500 tons, but it is a strong and fast ves sel. A. Hardein, a man who is extreme' ly enthusiastic over the effects of hardening the body by exposure, has been in the habit 6f taking baths among flakes of ice in the harbor at Gefle. Swedish athletic associations have applied to the government for an an nual appropriation of $27,000 to en able them to repeat their 1912 Olym pic game triumphs at the Berlin stadium in 1916. The great temperance committee has notified the hotel and restaurant union of Sweden that said union will not be called upon to report of the effect which eventual prohibition is apt to have on their business. At the request of the academy of sciences the government will ask the riksdag for an appropriation of $27,000 for making observations during the eclipse of the sun Aug. 21. 1914. The eclipse will be total in parts of Jamt land, Angernaauland, Medelpad, Hels ingland and Lappland. A passenger on a street car in Stockholm grunted in a sort of con tented way, "Yes, oh yes." The sound reached the ear of the con ductor. He mistook it for spite work and ordered the man to leave the car. The man objected. As the conductor made ready to put off the man the other passengers declared that if that man was put off they would all leave. This put a different phase on the mat ter, and the conductor gave up his plan. A strike similar to that of the transport workers in London last summer now is threatened by the municipal workingmen of Stockholm. The difficulty is over a matter of wages. Thus far the men's demands have been refused. Determined that any agreements made shall be be tween their executive council and the board, and not with individual work ingmen, as under the present system, the men have enlisted the sympathies of the digging and factory workers, the largest labor federation in Swe den, which has decided to call a gen eral strike it the board persists in its refusal to grant the demands. NORWAY. A dispatch from Christiania says that Captain Thorvald Nielsen, com mander of the Fram, Roald Amund sen's vessel on his South pole expedi tion, arrived in Christiania from Bue nos Ayers Friday, Dec'. 6. He was met I at the station by a group of about a dozen prominent scientists and lead ing men of Christiania. Captain Neilsen resembles Captain Amundsen in his aversion of notor iety. He hates ceremonies and for malities and was evidently ill at ease when confronted by only the dozen men on the commtitee that received him. The best efforts of the news paper reporters to secure on inter view resulted in nothing more than a I few brief replies. Capt. Neilsen was received by the king at the palace in the afternoon. The following is part of what pur ports to be a cablegram from Kris tiania: A special committee of the storthing reported favorably on the proposed amendment to the Nor wegian constitution to abolish the granting of decorations. There are said to be eighty-two members of the storthing pledged to vote for tli» amendment and there is every pros pect that decorations will be abol ished. The movement to dispense with these honors recently received a decided impetus when H. Thorne, a cabinet minister and former speaker of the storthing, who is a strong con servative and anti-democrat, returned to King Haakon the grand cross of St. Olaf, the highest distinction in Norway. What seamen have to suffer. The brig Gustav from Kragero was wreck ed at night in Langesund fjord. The crew, consisting of eight men, tried to save themselves on planks, but three of them went down at once! Three others succeeded in reaching a rock, and the captain and the mat* tied themselves to the mast of the1 wreck. When people came to their rescue one of those on the wreck was saved, another had been beaten to death by the waves, and the third one could not be reached in time. Whep the captain and the mate had been tied to the mast for twenty-four hours they were found by another party. The captain was so exhausted that he died in the arms of his res cuers, but the male was saved. Thus it will be seen that only two out of the eight were saved. Captain Hjalmar Johansen, an Arc tic explorer who had achieved much success in polar research, took his own life in Kristiania. He had been a member of Captain Roald Amund sen's recent Antarctic expedition, but had been left at the base of supplies when Amundsen and four compan ions pushed their way to the South pole. Captain Johansen had been Nansen's sole companion during a 14 months' journey over desert ice on the Greenland coast after leaving the Arctic steamer Frar. In 1S95. He was the author of "Nansen and I at 86 Degrees, 14 Minutes." WINTER WORK TO ERADICATE INJURIOUS SAN JOSE SCALE AND OTHER TREE PESTS Lime-Sulphur, Kerosene Emulsion and Whale Oil Soap Is Recom mended by Entomologist of Oregon Agricultural College—Any Time From November to March Will Be Satisfactory. Farmers and fruit growers troubled by scale are advised by A. L. Lovett, assistant entomologist at the Oregon Agricultural college, to spray with lime-sulphur, kerosene emulsion and whale oil soap, as follows: For scale insects of such a type as the San Jose, use the lime-sulphate spray of winter strength. For the soft scales, such as occur on the black berry, prune and plum, use the kero sene emulsion or whale oil soap. Kerosene emulsion is prepared as fol lows: Heat a gallon of water (soft, if possible) to boiling shave half a pound of soap into it (whale oil is pre ferred) and stir till the soap is dis solved. Remove from the fire and add two gallons of kerosene. Agitate vig orously till it is creamed, which is best done with a hand pump, forcing the solution through the hose and back into the container. For use in the dor mant season this should be diluted with seven gallons of water, but for summer spraying, at the time :.he young emerge, with eleven gallons of water. A pound of whale oil soap to four gallons of water may be used as a summer spray for soft scale. For plant lice on roses and garden truck crops any of the tobacco solu tions may be used. For plants having a slick foliage, or where the aphids are especially bad, there should be added a pound of fish-oil soap dis solved in a gallon of hot water to each eight gallons of the spray. On fruit trees, as the apple and peach, the spray used in early spring when the buds are starting should be a combination of winter-strength lime-sulphur and "Black leaf 40," using one part of the Black leaf to LABOR SAVER IN PULLING A POST Strong and Inexpensive Imple ment Can Be Made From Discarded Tongue. (By G. F. PARRISH.) A good post puller can be made of a strong tongue from some discarded farm machine. A strap of five-eighths iron is made into a heavy claw at one end and bolted on the tongue so that the claw projects beyond the end of the tongue. A heavy ring with a stout chain attached is also a part of the outfit. The ring is put over the post down to the ground. The claws are Searching for Harmful Insects. Labor Saver. caught under a link of the chain and a block put under the pole as a ful crum. This leverage will raise the post with very little effort. Every farm ought to have such a lifter. The parts should be solid and strong, for the strain is tremendous. Good Grass Mixture. Orchard grass makes a better mix ture with clover than timothy does. 800 of solution. If applied ordinarily the aphids do not become especially bad. Where the trouble is severe the tobacco solution should be used. As the San Jose scale is an armored insect protected by a waxy covering, very caustic material must be used in its control. In order not to injure the tree this material must be applied while the trees are dormant. Hence all spraying for the scale must be done during the winter months. Any time when the weather permits from November to March will be satisfac tory. The commercial lime sulphur should be diluted at the rate of one gallon to nine of water and the home made solution diluted at the rate of one gal lon to six of water. Both spray solu tions will then test about 4.5 degrees Baume on the hydrometer. As the lime-sulphur solution Is a contact insecticide, every portion oi the tree should be coated. If the scales are to be killed they must be struck with the spray solution. Great care should be exercised in the ap plication of the material, as those scales not killed can reinfect the whole tree in one season. Contrary to popular belief, the San Jose scale is not the hardest pest to control which infests the orchard. Proper material applied at the proper time and in the proper way will kill 90 per cent, of the insects. Either purchase a good brand of commercial lime-sulphur or carefully make your own and then apply it conscientiously and you will be able to save your home orchards from destruction by the pestiferous and injurious San Jose scale. DISASTER SEEN IN SINGLE-CROP IDEA Fruit Specialist Would Find It More Profitable to Keep Some Live Stock. (By R. G. WEATHERSTONE.) Single crop farming is disastrous in the long run, as we have seen in the case of wheat, tobacco, peanuts and cotton. Fruit is no exception to the rule. I believe there is a tendency to specialize too highly In fruit growing, and that in many cases the fruit spe cialist would find it more profitable to grow a certain amount of other crops or keep some live stock. He should make fruit growing his main business, but select such other interests as will most affectively fill in the gaps that appear in all kinds of specialized farm ing. Even though the crops he selects may not in themselves be nearly as profitable as fruity yet the total profit from the farm for a series of years may be greater, since labor and equip ment are kept in use. Some lines of live stock farming are preferable to others because of the fertility the ma nure brings. Certain lines of stock husbandry in which the animals are fed in winter and pastured in summer are practicable in some cases. A Bare Field. A bare field in winter is like money In the bank that .isn't drawing inter est THIS SENATOR AVERSE TO ARBITRATION According to common gossip in the courts of Europe, King Haakon or Norway is rapidly losing favor. And judged by the same source of in formation, it seems apparent he will soon be discouraged by the Storthing into giving up his throne. Just after Haakon left Norway early fti December, with Queen Maud and Prince Olaf, for London, to do their Christmas shopping, the Repub lican party introduced a bill into the Storthing abolishing all decorations. "Every nation in the world, certainly every maritime nation, would be as much interested as Great Britain herself to uphold the British contention. Can any one doubt what the result of arbitration would be under such con ditions? An arbitration court made up of representatives from any civilized country that might be suggested would be prejudiced against the United States, and that.does not fit in well with the American sense of fairness in dealing with a question that is in controversy. "The case would be prejudged." MAY RECALL HAAKON, KING OF NORWAY This bill is certain to be passed. and as the power to confer decora tions is the only privilege enjoyed by the king without securing the sanc tion of his ministers, the force of the intended legislative attack is obvious. Almost immediately prior to the introduction of the bill Haakon con ferred the grand cross of St. Olaf on retiring Minister Thorne. Another factor emanates from the charge made that the king and queen have hoarded their allowance for the six years they have reigned to spend it on Appleton house, Sandringham, which was a wedding the queen's father, the late King Edward of England. The royal Norway spend much of their time there and this is disapproved by jects, who have frequently complained that the pair buy most Christmas things in London markets. President Taft has tendered to Col. G. W. Goethals, U. S. A., chief engineer of the Panama canal, and the colonel has accepted, the post of civil governor of the canal zone. The change of government on the isthmus will take place probably in the spring. Colonel Goethals will serve as civil governor until the canal is formally opened on January 1, 1915. The first vessel will be sent through the canal, barring the un foreseen, Sept. 25, 1913, on the four hundredth anniversary of the discov ery of the Pacific. From then until the formal opening the canal will be operated as a "sample" for training of the operating force, the getting of everything in final shipshape, etc. In stating his position regarding the Panama Canal situation, Senator, James O'Gorman, of New York, said: "The canal is an American canal, constructed by American engineers' through the liberal appropriation of, funds by the American congress, and, above all, it is constructed upon American territory, and I am amazed that anybody should have the hardi hood to contend that it should not be administered by American law. "We should not lose sight of the fact that even if we were willing to ubmit this domestic question to an arbitral court it would be impossible to find anywhere an impartial tri bunal to try it. "Nominally, the case as it stands is one between the United States and Great Britain as a matter of fact, the controversy raised by Great Brit ain would be one between the ship ping interests of the United States and the shipping of the entire world. DEWEY RECOMMENDS HORSEBACK RIDING M. Adleson, the Rev. James Mackin of St. Peter's Episcopal church Capt.. Siiencer S. Woods, Commanders Victor Blue, W. D. McDougall and H. J. Zicgmeier. Admiral Dewey was born in Montpelier, Vt., in 1837. NEW CIVIL GOVERNOR OF CANAL ZONE in order gift from couple of their sub of their Admiral Dewey celebrated his 75th birthday on December 26, in a quiet way, working.a little in the forenoon, riding out for an airing later, and dining with a few friends in the eve ning. I "I feel like an ensign," said Mr. Dewey to friends. He looked as healthy and happy as a man just out of college. "I never felt any better in my life than I feel today," added the admiral. "Two things, horseback riding and keeping away from banquets, have helped me. To be of a good old fam ily of people who live to ripe old ages helps one to grow old gracefully and keep in vigorous health." The canal, according to Colonel Goethals, is now more than 75 per cent completed, and July 1 next will see it ready for the turning in of the water. It is apprehended that the entrance and presence of the water may cause some further slides of the treacherous banks, particularly at the Culebra cut, but the expectation is that the dredges can take care of the material thus deposited in the big ditch. Admiral Dewey went to his office to work during the day, but his call ers were so numerous that he had to give it up. Among his visitors were Rear Admirals Barker, Mason, Twin ing, Fletcher, Vreeland and Cone. Surgeon General Stokes, Gen. John Colonel Goethals intends, when the canal is a-going, to retire from the government service and settle in New York as a consulting engineer, with the idea of making some money for his family. Meantime President Taft hatf asked congress to reward the colonel's work on the isthmus by promoting him to be a major-general in the army.