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VOLUME 85. No. 4 YTRAGOOn Reduced Price on FLOUR I have received a car load of PILLSBURY'S BEST Flour that I will sell at a reduced price of $3.85 This price holds ettod only until May loth. 1915. I also have Feed, Salt and Seed Millet on band. First class grinding done every day. J. GEORGE KRAPF .... FEED We have a nice line of Boys' Suits in Blue Serges and mixed patterns from which you can make your selection THE RIGHT GOODS ——. AT THE THE RIGHT PRICES KRAABEL & KR A ABEL MILL .. Luverne, No. Dak Government Must Take Over the Railroads. Government ownership of railroads is a subject growing daily in impor tance. It is freely predicted that it will be one of the issues in the next presidential campaign. Probably it will be a plank adopted by the Demo cratic party. The financial condition of the railroads is one of the strong est reasons for preoipitating matters. The railroads admit that under priv ate ownership they have been a finan cial failure and are now clamoring to the interstate commerce commission for increased rates. The commission has oeased to be a regulative body. The law under whioh it has been ope rating as a real regulator of rates has broken down, and the commission lias now bowed to political and railway in fluence and is actively undoing all that it previously did, even going to the extent of re-opening the matter of express rates. Unless a regulating commission is able to seeure some re lief to shippers and consumers, its function becomes simply that of a body to guarantee the profits and div idends of the railroad owners. The answer is too obvious to be avoided. Regulation which does not regulate must be succeeded by owner ship. The history of the Interstate Commerce Commission aet and the ad ministration of the commission has proved that the theory of regulation of a powerful interest is fallacious, and that where the interest is as pow erful as that of our railway system, the regulator soon becomes the regu lated. This does not mean that the membership of the commission is either incompetent or dishonest. The difficulty is inherent in the job of try ing to regulate somebody else's prop erty. The commission cannot afford (or thinks it cannot afford) to take ac tion that might cripple the railroad service. It cannot squeeze out the enormous watered capitalization, and so long as it must base rates on water, rates must continually go up and up. Meantime the tash of securing a physical valuation of railways is go ing forward. It will be completed in time to be the basis on which the railroads are taken over after the necessary agitation, education and legislation.— Gilson Gardner in Cour ier-News. Told There Was No Cure For Him. "After suffering for twenty years with indigestion, and having some of the best doctors here tell me there was no cure for me, I think it only right to tell you for the sake of other sufferers as well as your own satisfaction that a 25 cent bottle of Chamberlain's Tab lets not only relieved me but cured me within two months, although I aiu a man of 65 years, "-writes Jul. Grobien, Houston, Texas Obtainable every where. (Adv.) W. C. T. U. Notes DRINK DEADLIEST FOE. Lord Kitchener Great Britain's secretary of war, Field Marshal French and Mr, David Lloyd-George chancellor of the exchequer, seem to be of the same opinion regarding the drink evil. "We are fighting Germany, Austria and drink, and so far as I can see the greatest of these three deadly foes Is drink," said David Lloyd-George. The chancellor was replying to a de putation of the Shipbuilding Em ployer's federation, the members of which were unanimous in urging to tal prohibition of the sale of intoxi cating liquors during the period of the war. "I have a growing convic tion, based on accumulating evi dence," the chancellor continued, "that nothing but root and branch methods would be of the slightest avail in dealing with the evil. I be lieve it Is the general feeling that If we are to settle German militarism we must first of all settle with the drink." CLOSED SALOON—DOUBLE WORK The manager of the Primrose Coal Company in Colorado gives as his ver dict that the closed saloon means about double the output of coal. The people in the Pueblo coal district are already looking forward to the first of January, la 16, when state-wide prohibition comes into effect. HOPE, STEELE COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA. APRIL OUR SHERBROOKE LETTER. Ole Brager, of Blabon, was num bered among the Sherbrooke visitors Thursday. Judge and Mrs. Moote, accompa nied by Mrs. D. W. Vadnie, autoed to Hope Thursday where Mrs. Moote and Mrs, Vadnie spent the afternoon with Mrs. W. S. Williams. Dr. G. D. Fisher, of Hope, was an East Sherbrooke visitor Wednesday afternoon. C. G. MHgg, optomoric specialist of Grand Forks, spent a part of Friday and Saturday in the metropolis fitting glasses. Edward Nyhus, of East Sherbrooke, was a business caller in town Satur day. J. O. Collins made a business trip to .Blabon Saturday, bringing back a load of coal. Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Vadnie were guests at the home of Mr. and Mrs. C. V. Green at Ash Grove farm Sunday. Miss Nestoss spent Sunday with home folks at Portland. O. H. Olson and family, of Sharon, were afternoon visitors of Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Eriokson Sunday. C. H. Green was a visitor in Eden dale twp. Sunday evening returning home by way of Pickert. Mr. and Mrs. Alvin P. Boe autoed to Enger twp. to spend Sunday with Alvin's parents. Miss Ida Boe, who has been at their home the past two weeks, accompanied them home. Mr. and Mrs. Emil Gilbertson, of Finley, Miss Ida Gilbertson, of Lu verne, and Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Gil bertson, of this city, autoed to Port land Sunday to visit with their par ents, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Gilbertlon. Miss Tracey Kent, of Poplar, Mont.-, who is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. A1 Kent, of Luverne, and Mrs. Ethel Balenger of Boise, Idaho, spent Sunday with their aunt andunol'e, Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Collins. A. C. Paulson autoed over with them. Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Elliott and Mr.. and Mrs. F. W. Ehrefl and daughter, of Hope, were callers at the home ofr Mr. and Mrs. C. V. Green Sunday afternoon, Mrs. Johnson, of Williston, accom panied her sister, Miss Blondie Holt, to'Sherbrooke Monday. Dr. Heimark, of Finley, was among the prominent visitors at the County Seat Monday. Carl Lindholt, of Blabon, was here Monday, having business at the Clerk of Court's office. Auditor Mustad and family visited at the G. O. Johnson farm in Franklin Twp. Sunday. Judge and Mrs. Moote accompanied by Mrs. Young, autoed to Hope Tues day afternoon to do some shopping. Sheriff Grimson autoed_over from Finley Tuesday and from here he was accompanied by Win. Barclay on the way to Mayville. Albin Albinson, C. J. Long and Ralph Long were over from Finley Wednesday on business. They made the trip in Aibiu's new Studebuker car. A surprise was sprung on Mrs. G.H. Gilbertson and D. W. Vadnie Satur day evening at band practice, the oc casion being the birthday of the two favored ones. Homemade candy, fruit and blanohed almonds were the refresh ments furnished and server by Miss Nestoss and Mrs. Alvin Boe. Thanks were extended to the ladies for their kind and friendly rememberance. Splendid For Rheumatism. "I think Chamberlain's Liniment is just splendid for rheumatism," writes Mrs. Dunburgh, Eldridge, N. Y. "It has been used by myself and other members of my family time and time again during the past six years, and has always given the best of satisfac tion." The quick relief from pain whioh Chamberlain's Liniment affords is alone worth many times the cost. Obtainable everywhere. (Adv.) CARPENTER CULUNGS. Work in the fields is getting along finely. Mesdames Harry Rickard and Her bert Reedy transacted business in Hope Monday. Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Gilmore and son and J. T. Land autoed to the S. M. Wood farm Tuesday evening. Mrs. S. M. Wood and daughter transacted business in Hepe Monday. Charlie Riokard is quite sick at the home of his brother Harry. Mrs. Will Sussex called at the S. M. Wood farm Tuesday. Mrs. James Sussex vfsited at the Will Knox farm Tuesday. Earl Wood and Bern Hetland mo tored to Walden last Sunday. The Misses Anna Gray and Olga Hagen and Mrs S. M. Wood aiid daughter visited at the Charlie Smith farm last Sunday. BROADLAWN VISITINGS. Mr. Freyberg, of Fargo, visited at the home of his son, Carl, over Sun day. E. H. Schmidt and family visited at Wm. Eggert's Sunday. Esther and Phoebe Eggert were Sun day oallers at Fred Pope's. Hanna Johnson spent Tuesday night at the Peter Freund home. Mrs. Carl Freyberg called at Fred Pope's on Wednesday. IMesdames N. and Peter Freund vis ited Miss. Johnson's school on Fri day afternoon. Miss Johnson, Edna and Meryl Pope and Ralph and Gunnar Haugan at tended the Farmers' Club meeting at C. H. Carpenter's Saturday night. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Plaine called at the Carl Freyberg home Sunday evening. Win. Jones and Ralph Haugad were Friday evening callers at Fred Pope's MAPLE RIVER FARMERS' GLUB P. C. KIMBALL, President. MRS. WILL KNOX, Vice President MRS, ,T. E. WARRHN, Secretary. The club meeting held at the home of Mr. and"'Mrs. Clarence Carpenter wa'e well attended in spite of the busy time of spring, there being about fifty present. An interesting program was given and the music by Carpenters' Orchestra was very much appreciated arid won hearty applause. A delicious lunch ttas served. .'The next meeting will be held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Warren. E.vetybody eordially invited. The following program will be given: Soitjj^... bo the.Club Readmg.... .\ Olga Hagen Piano Solo John T. Sussex Song Mrs. J. E. Warren Talk S. W. Johnson Song Arthur Smith Reading Amy Cockle Quartet .Floyd Reynolds, Joe Mc Collough, J. Sussex, Harvey Cockle. Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea is nature's own tonic, purely vegetable. Its use is not followed by devitalizing after-effects. Safe and sure, try it for debility, anaemia, poor appetite, Spring tiredness. Tea or Tablets 35c. Wamburg's Drug Store. (Adv.) School Mrs. R. J. Washburn visited the 1st Grade on Friday of last week. George Fuller, first grade, has been out for about a week owing to sickness He returned on Wednesday. Miss Nelson's sister is visiting her this week. William Bowen has left 'the high sehool for spring work. The following are reported as re ceiving blue cards the past month: First grade: Harry Bowen, Gail Greenwood, Alvin Herdle, Eunice Smith. Third grade: Ruth Fulmer, Esther Kotts. Fourth grade: Winifred Husome, Lloyd Ingison, Ruby Loekwood. Fifth grade: Dagny Anderson, Hat tie Anderson, Libbie Roney, Gertrude Silberstein. Sixth grade: Alice Fuller, Donovan Kraabel, Ella Loekwood. Eighth grade: Dorothy Hanson, Nellie Lunding, Lottie Wood. Washburn school. Elsie Peterson, Emma Peterson, Angeline Riley. Gray school: Mildred Knox. Franees Loekwood has resumed her high school studies after an absenoeof nearly two months. The following pupils in the Fifth grade have made the greotest gain in scholarship over last month: Mildred Lathrop 5 per cent, Stewart Smith, Henry Wood, Phyllis Keillor and Gertrude King each 3 per cent. The boys average scholarship in the same grade for the month was 86.6 uer cent. That of the girls was 91.5 per cent. During the same time the aver age deportment of the girls was 1.5 per cent higher than the boys. Boys, you better "spruce up" a little. Baseball practice is on In earnest. Cooperstown will play the opening game here on May 1st. Watch for further developments. 'U •, 22ND, 1915. Mr.,'Carnival made an acce^ visit to the fifth and second grk .es last wjjek. DEFUNCT: The High School Glee Club. It is desired by the director that notice be gi'ven that it will be unable to fill any more publio dates this sea son. Please be considerate of this re quest. THE MINERVA GLUB. Program for April 27th. Hostess Mrs. Cassell Leader Myrtle Turnbull Roll Call—A famous opera and its composer. Peer Gynt—Grieg Ethel Joslyn Asa's Death, Anitra's Dance.Victrola Lucia di Lammermoor—Donizetti Many have been in the habit of sow ing flax about May 20tli to 25th. Ob servations tend to indicate that this is not a very desirable period of planting, particularly for south and central North Dakota for the flax comes into blossom and bol lrorma tion just at th-j hottest period of the year when the soil moisture i3 ap* to he scarce, the sun very hot, and the winds most drying. Under such conditions, the flax ripens a small crop because of the blighting of the flowers and bolls. It is, therefore, quite evident that one should so woarly enough to have the flax blossom and form the bolls be fore the hot weather conies on or sufficiently late to have the blossom ing and boll formation period begin as soon as the hottest weather is past, and" yet early enough to escape au tumn frosts. There can be no ques tion about the matter for those who are raising seed for sowing purposes. These should, for the most part, plant early. The bulletin indicates that there is very little danger to flax by frost in the spring while the plants are young. Young flax plants stand severe spring frost, but. flax while maturing in the fall is injured by the slightest touch of frost. Address: Agricultural College, P. O., North Dakota. Prosperity Statistics The following figures are quoted from a W. C. T. U. post card: Missouri Kansas Age of states, (years,) .... 94 54 Population, ...3,300,000 1,690,000 Saloons, 4,000 Per capita ex penditure for liquor $24.00 $3.48 Criminals to 3, 000 population 10 1 Bank deposits per capita, $20.00 $140.00 Assessed property valuation per capita $300.00 $1,700.00 Automobiles to every 100 farmers 1 20 In Kansas there are 131 towns of 1,000 population, which own electric light plants, water and sewer systems, splendid sidewalks and public schools without a" single cent of revenue from the liquor traffic. In Missouri there are scores of towns of from 1,000 to 4,000 population with open saloons paying a high license where they have no electric light plants, no water or sewer system, and poor sidewalks. In the panic of 1907 Missouri, with all her big banks, was unable to send one penny to the East. Kansas banks sent $50,000,000. Kansas spends $38,000,000 less per year for intoxicants than dogB Missouri. This explains the prosper ity of Kansas. Si Husking says: Ef yer town aint sporty enough for ye, why you ken move—thet aint the towns fault. P. S. Ef ye get too sporty you'll hev to move anyway. A* Miss Nelson Victrola Sextette—Mad Scene fl Trovatore—Verdi..Miss Sonstrude Seleet.ions Tannhauser Waguer... .Grace Smith Selections Porsifal—Wagner.... Miss Gullickson Selections SOW FLAX EARLY H. 1,. Bolley, Botanist and Plant Pathologist, North Dakota Exper iment Station. Within a few days there will be ready for distribution from the North Dakota Experiment Station a circu lar entitled: "Growing of Flax on Corn ('.round and Other Old Cropped Lamlr.—Early and Late Sowing." The topic of early and late sowing is one of much importance. Flax has usually been seeded whenever it has been found convenient, after the oth er grains are seeded. This often re sults in failure, when, in reality, the crop has slight opportunity to succeed because the time of sowing is bad. Observations extending over a num ber of years tend to confirm the belief that in most parts ot North Dakota, early planting of flax, gives most re liable results, both in yield and qual ity. Late plantings often give large yield if they escape the fall frosts. This has induced many to plant later than Is justifiable, with the result that the crop often loses out, fails to ripen evenly or is destroyed by frost. Price 5 Cts. North Dakota Great Goal Stall It is safe to say that the average North Dakotan does not realize thfc vast coal beds of the state, and that North Dakota has the distinction of having more coal deposits than any other state in the union. This is a fact. For a number of years the state authorities on this subject have claim ed that North Dakota has 500,000, 000,000 tons of lignite coal, but the government geological survey goes these authorities one better and have estimated that North Dakota has 698, 000,000,000 tons of lignite coal. This fact was learned by a visit to the pal ace of mines at the exposition at Frisco, where the geological survey has a fine display showing the re sources of the various states in the Union. North Dakota leads them all with 698,000,000,000 tans. The most of our fuel now comes from the states of Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois. Yet Pennsylvania has a total of only 126,000,000,000 tons, while Indiana and Illinois have 53,000,000,000 tons and 210,000,000,000 tons res pectively. North Dakota has nearly double the supply of the three states combined. The state geological survey at Grand Forks has shown these facto most graphically in the display at thfe Panama Pacific International Exposi tion and is gaining much excellent publicity for North Dakota there. PRAIRIE FIRES Spring and fall are the seasons in North Dakota when, if at all, prairie fires occur. Dead grass and stubble, dried by sun and wind, become In-, flamablc as tinder, and a lighted' match thrown carelessly down, a hot cinder from a passing locomotive, a blazing fragment from a bonfire, or any one of a number of other causes, may start ft blaze which will spread with incredible speed, and, fanned by the wind which its own heat sets In motion such fires have been known to sweep for hundreds of miles. The prairie fires of today in North Dakota are more local in character. Graded roads and plowed fields check the fires here and there, and often bring them to a stop altogether. Buildings or stacks in dangerous locations can be rendered almost per fectly secure by plowing wide lire breaks around them, or by plowing two narrow firebreaks, one at somef distance outside of the other, and burning carefully over all the ground between on a fairly quiet day. At a recent meeting of the Medical asso ciation held in Grand Forks, it wu stated that when lives are lost la prairie fires, which occasBiOnally happens, such disasters are usually duo to panic, except when buildings take fire at night while the occupants are sleeping. There is little need for any person to be injured in a prairie fire in the daytime, and absolutely none if one has a supply of matches. A safe area may be created in a few seconds by burning. Even without this, it is almost always possible to find a place where grass is short, and when the fire reacehs such a place, It is usually a simple matter to step through it to safety on the burned side. Great care should be taken In all pirts of our state to avoid starting put door tires at this season of the year. The Commercial Club and Progress. All progress is change, but not all change is progress. The great mass of we human beings prefer the old or der. We accept precedent without thought it is easier to drift than to swim against the current. The con stant inclination of our different or ganized activities is to harden Into the rut. But, we are told that "ye may not enter the Kingdom of Heav en, lest ye be born again." Without change which is progress, we cannot reach the final goal. We must pro gress, we must be born again, and again and again, each time, better than the last. It is only recently in the world's history, that the reformer was allow ed to live. Great inventors, who have changed only mechanical ways of do in gthings have paid for their thought with their lives. Great teachers who have dared to see beyond the petty philosophy of their times, have been sacrificed by those who believed In the existing order. The thinker of new thoughts which would bring about change had always been made to suffer, but—and here is the hope, for a fuller future—less and less, a# tinle goes on. The modern commercial organiza tion, where it is alive and active must and does, suffer criticism which has always fallen to the reformer, for it* work is to initiate change, to bring about the right kind of progress. The modern Commercial club must realize that there is room for improvement and it must work for that improve ment. In bringing about change-, It must expect to work counter to thet beliefs of those who are satisfied to, accept the old order and who do not care to progress. This is history. This is life. Careful, consistent progress brought about through the study of civic pro blems by citizens working through their commercial organizations must eventually make for greater, better, more useful American cities. The Pioneer $1.50. VI '•Jy.1 K^m 8. .^y" fiffi \lsk-'' .. »f.\ •'tf ft i-r?