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OF LAKDRR SUE
Vast Domain Available From Which Homeseekers May Choose Locations. LAND IS OF THE VERY BEST No School Lands Can Be Sold foi Less Than $10 Per Acre—Largest Part of Available Land Is Privately Owned. The total land area of North Dakota, including the Fort Btrthold reserva tlon, is 44.736,477 acres. Of this prob ably five per cent is unlHted for profit able cultivation. There would thus remain 42,500,000 acres suited for farming purposes. According to the latest assessors' returns there are 25,794,373 acres contained in farms, of which 16,229 792 acres are actually under cultivation. This would indicate that about 16,700,000 acres remain in the state which do not come under the classification of farms but yet are aralile land. It would seem to be a fair assump tion that the uncultivated portion oi the land contained in farms is needed by the farmers themselves for In creased farming operations or for grazing purposes so that this acreage is not readily available for home seekers, except as the present holders mey desire to sell. The acreage then that would be of special interest tc the newcomer seeking a location foi farming purposes would be that area of 16,700,000 acres of arable land not contained in farms. 1 Available Land. The moGt recent figures obtainable from the United States land offices in the Btate show but 493,667 acres sub ject to homestead entry July 1. 1915. an insignificant item when considered in comparison with the 16,703.820 sub ject to homestead entry fn 1S90. The only land, then, in North Dakota to be obtained free is the 493.667 acres above referred to. conceivably the least desirable tracts, and all other land hereafter acquired in the state will have to be acquired In one of the following ways: 1. By entry and purchase of Fort Berthold lands as the same are de clared open to settlement by the Unit ed States government. Lands thus available, 110,000 acres. 2. By purchase on contract from common school and institutional lnnd grants.' Lands thus available, 1703, 143 acres. 3. By purchase from private own ers. Lands thus available, 14,886.857 acres. The foregoing calculation is made upon the assumption that 5 per cent of all iands in the state are unfit for cultivation, leaving 16.700.000 acres available for farming purposes. Public Lands. Under heading No. 1 the govern ment announced that the surface rights of approximately 110 000 acres situated in the Fort Berthold Indian reservation would be opened to entry at Minot, Bismarck and Plaza, N. D., from October 18 to 30, 1915. Tracts wfll be entered in 160-acre lots and it is thought there will be room for about 750 homesteaders. The method of assignment will probably be by lot tery. but no entries will be allowed nor can homestead rights be acquired before May 1. 1916, after which date they will be received In the order of the numbers held by applicants. Institutional Lands. Under heading No. 2 no land is ad vertised for sale until the same has been appraised at $10 per acre or more, and no land can be sold for less than its appraised value and in no case for less to $10 per acre Tho latest report of Commissioner Frank S. Henry of the state land department shows that 1.703.143 acres of common school and Institutional land are vet unsold. A leaflet Issued by him for the information of the general public should he in the hands of every pro spp^ttvp buver. The only land sale now advertised is In Morton county, the opening date set being for December 10. 1915 and 23.000 acres will be offered. Sales vl'1 be held next spring in Sargent, Cass. Steele and Walsh counties, the dates to be fixed later. Privately Owned Lands. As headings Nos. 1 and 2 cover the only methods by which land can be acquired In this state other than bv direct purchase, and the areas so pro curable are known definitely from pi'b'ic records, the remaining 14. 886 857 afres of the assumed avail able arab'e area of the state oi 16.700.000 must, of necessity, be pri vately owned. This being the case the conclusion seems unavoidable thai the day of low-priced agricultural land in North Dakota has gone by, and that hereafter its price will be based upon its capacity for producing profitably. Instead of upon the large area available, as was formerly the rase. The per capita production on the five crops of wheat, oats barley flax and rye in North Dakota in 1915 amounts to $296. the basis of value beine the yield per acre and price ol September 1. 1915, as estimated by the federal authorities, and the acreage at gathered by county assessors tb •jiung ot tne same year. FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS MAKI VERY PINE 8HOWINQ. Btate Rank* First In Wealth Per Caplti and 8econd In Bank Deposits Per Capita. Nothing will show the prosperity ol a commonwealth better than 4be con dition of its financial institutions. The banks of North Dakota easily keei pace with its agricultural growth, and viewed from a strictly financial stand point the state shows marked evi dences of prosperity. The state has 642 state and 153 na tlonal banks, a total of 795 institu tions. This includes four trust com panies. The deposits in these institu tions total $92,625,559. Their total capital stock is $14,791,000 and theii surplus and undivided profits 15.850, 472. There is a bank for practical!* every 800 inhabitants. This Is a record probably not exceeded by any othet state In the Union. North Dakots ranks first of all the states In wealtta per capita, $2,993. and second in bank deposits per capita. A comparison with former years wll! show the remarkable and substantia: growth of the state's financial institu tion-s, and the increasing prosperitj and wealth of the people of North Da kota. Growth of State Banks. State Bank Examiner .Johnson sub mlts the fo'lowing excellent report upon the wonderful growth of state banks under the ,|"HsdictIon of thai department since 1905: At the close ot business on August 25. 19"5. there were 269 state bankt a"d no trust companies reporting transacting an aggregate business oi $18,488,930.89. On September 2, 1915 there were 638 state banks and foui trust companies In North Dakota witt total footings of $72,175,495.13. Sinc« August 25. 1°05. deposits have in creased $42,923,016.67. Loans for thli period show a gain of $43.131.258..!6 with a gain In banking capital of $5. 914.650. and In surplus and undivided profits of $1,898,700.21. The Increase In deposits for th« period from August 25. 1905. to Sep tember 2. 1915. is divided as follows: Commercial deposits $13,772 528."il Savings deposits 29.150.488.05 MANUFACTURES SHOW WELL Are Substantial. b'.*t Others of Certair Kinds Can Be Added to Good Advantage. North Dakota, the most purely agrl cultural state in the Union. Is so thor oughly agricultural that It will nevei take a place among the great manufac turlng states of the country Its des tlnles do not Ue In that direction. But the state Is not entirely without Its manufacturing industries, small though they may be In comparlsor with the agricultural resources. Ovei $20,000,000 worth of manufactured products annually are produced in the state, the chief industries being flout I and grist mills, brick and tile plants butter and cheese factories, printing establishments and- the construction and repair shops maintained by the railroads at different points in the state. 1 While the opportunities do not exist for the state to become a great tnanu. facturing commonwealth, there is ample reason why its industrial ac. tivitles^should increase The law nf economics teaches that a people should produce, as near as .possible, enough to supply their own needs. North Da kota already does this many times over. large quantitios of necessities are produced In the raw and this ma terial shipped away, part of it return ing to the state in the shape of fin ished products to supply the demands of the people. There Is no good reason why live ntock should be shipped on the hoof to the large slaughtering centers only to be returned in the shnpe of food for the table. No-th Dakota should have her own packing houses, cannble at least of supplying the people of the Etate with meat. There is no good reason why the larger portion of the milk and cream produced in the state should he shipped beyond Its horders only to he returned as hutter and cheese for the consumntlon of North Dakotans Thev should be able to manufacture enoueh for their own "heeds right at home, leaving the great surplus to find out side markets. Wool raised on the backs of North Dakota sheen should not all be sent to eastern mills. At least enough should be retained at home and there made Into cloth and yarns In suffi cient quantities to clothe North Da kota people. Tt Is along these lines thst North Dakota manufacturing will most llkelv find Its development rather than in an attempt to establish large industries to supply a world-wide demand. The establishment of such Indus, tries as those enumerated would give a more constant employment to labor. North Dakota's demands for labor are enormous during the farming seasdn but with an outlet In tbe way of a rea sonable number of manufactories, whose activities would be greatest when the work on the farm would hi at the lowest ebb. there would be a more equitable distribution of emplov ment through all the months of the year. In 1915 645,000 acres of land In North Dakota were assessed for the first time, and more than 90 miles of new railroad. BANK WEALTH GROWS HON. JAMES J. HILL, THE EMPIRE BUILDER At no distant day North Dakota will become noted tor the production of meat as well as for the produc tion of wheat. The live stock Industry in the state is leaping forward each year at a rate that will soon put it on an equal tooting with the greatest stock rais ing communities of the country. In 1914 the number of-cattlc fed in North Dakota for slat ghtcring pur poses was 589,638. In 1915 the num ber is 7(52,167 The increase for one year Is 172,499. 191 -1 the number of hogs fed In North Dakota was 459,982 In 1915 ti:e number Is 7'^ 914, an increase In or» vear of 257,9.52. The number of sheep fed in North Dakota In 1914 was 83,089. In 1915 It was 108,856, an increase of 25,767 ir one year. And North Dakota live stock Bhipped to the slaughtering centers bring the highest market prices in all cases. No better meat can be pro dreed anywhere in the world. But comparatively little feeding of live stock has been done in North Dakota in the past *)ut that Is owing '.o the undivided attention that has been given to the growing of wheat to the exclusion of almost everything e'se. However the farmers are now ""•ake to the possibilities In this Hne and the opportunity is being grasped •it.h a thoroughness that can have but one outcome, success. The fact, that the farmers of North r»nkota can make more money than those of the corn belt states in grow ing live stock and live stock nroducts is easy of demonstration. The com le'i has three advantages over N'ortn Dakota in such production. It can "t\v more corn per acre It has 'let ter and more proloiigtvl ppejpring in the autumn season, and it is nearer to the markets that consume the fin ished product. While the corn belt has the advan i-o-o |n growing ear corn it has no advantage on fodder corn ihe ad vantage in this product lying with Korth riai'rta. The fodder corn urown i-r»-p is finer and more leafy in *.!s growth and so will be more com vr.ciimpri h" th" stock There Is no rart of North Dakota in which h'e for!der Who From an Early Day Has Taken -a Leading and Active Part In the De velopmcnt of North Dakota and Her Resources. HCRTH C/ KOTA iS FAST [EC.MING 1 HEAT AS WILL AS WH.AT STATE "x.i cannot he erown Tu,e advan.age that the corn belt in Its autumn nastures of its moist aeapons tends to shorten the period of "eeding In the stall or feed lot. In "nrth Dakota the feeding neriod sets en»-npi- on account of the usual'y Iry weather after harvest which does lot tend to produce abundant pastur "nt to offset this more land Is *a'led for to produce a given Increase when the land Is graced than wh»»n 'nod Is grown on it and carried to :he stock. The comnaratlve cheap less of these two methods depends argely on the cost of conveying the 'ood to the stock when It is not fed H* the land. The advantage which the farmers the corn belt have In their prox mity to the markets Is In a large measure oTset by the greater prox mity of tt% farmers of North Dakota :o the original supply of feeders that s. to the -stock grown on the western •anges. North Dakota's advantages over the 'aimers of the corn be't mav be enum erated as follows: First. In the lower prices of their lands second, in the letter crops »f crarse grains which :hey may grow: third. In the produc :lon of flax: fourth, in the production if field peas fifth, in the production ix neia roots. The contention that the winter cli mate of North Dakota Is as good for feeding stock as that of the corn belt, will be disputed. Nevertheless it is true. The cold in winter in North Da kota is steady and continuous. In the corn belt it fluctuates, being cold one week and warm the next, and tbe gains become irregular. The feed lots in North Dakota are clean in the corn belt they are often miry in North Dakota, if the cattle are pro vided with the shelter of a shed and are also protected from the wind they will fatten in good form If prop erly fed. As a winter climate for fat tening sheep North Dakota cannot h't excelled. THIS STATE HAS GOOD LAWS Wisdom and Foresight of Early Law makers Has Been of Great* Benefit. Good laws have contributed large ly to the growth and development of North Dakota. From the days of the constitutional convention which immediately pre ceded the admission, of the state into the Union, down to the present time, the dominating trait of the state gov erning and enacting bodies has been their thorough, individual and collec tive appreciation of the responsibili ties placed upon them, the wise and comprehensive manner in which they have met the various governmental problems, and the far-seeing intuition with which they have provided tor the future. Among othe. places this has shown itself in the constitutional provisions surrounding the land grants and permanent endowments of the public schools and other state insti tutions, whereby provision has been made for their maintenance, while assuring a maximum of efficiency at a minimum of cost to the state. Tbe law governing the investment of state funds accruing from the sale of common school and institutional land grants is a model of its kind, Insuring as it does the use of public mcney to the bona fide settler in the state, at a low rate of Interest, and a thorough stable security for the public funds. Ihe enlightened policy of tbe state legislative bodies in placing funds at the disposal of the department of agriculture and labor for the express purpose of promoting immigration, is in a large measure responsible fcr the agricultural development of the commonwealth. These biennial ap propriations have been used to tbe best advantage in placing before pro spective settlers the manifold opportu nities offered to tbe farmer, merchant and manufacturer. Other legislation denoting up-to-date appreciation of the needs of modern society are the primary election laws, city government by the commis sion system, dairy and creamery con trol and supervision, game and fish, pure food, drainage, grain inspection and grading laws, maximum coal ra'e and many other laws on kindred sub jects. Rapidly the farmers of the state are assuming a more favorable attitude toward a permanent agriculture. Di versification of their farms Is becom ing a more common practice and peo ple generally have determined that the best agricultural practices will pay and will bring returns in North Dakota. YIELD IWD VALUE 0FJ1P3 VAST North Dakota This Year Easily Maintains Its Lead as Agricultural State. GREATEST CROPS ON RECORD Whi'e Wheat Still Leads, Corn Shows Great Increase and Other Grains and Grasses Make Magnificent Gains Over Previous Years. Remarkable figures on the five prin cipal North Dakota crops, under date of September 1, 1916, based on the acreage as returned by the county as sessors this year and the govern ment's estimate as to yield, are shown In the following: Crop. Yield (bu.) Value. Wheat 143.857,898 $129,472,030.01 Of8 89,999,035 26.099.720 0) Fln* 5.127.852 7,485,933 01 Barley 68,781.488 22,050,410 00 4,165,187 3,415,458.00 $188,623,546.00 Increase Is Large. Twenty-live years ago the most au thentic records then available showed that there were 2,597,661 acres under cultivation. Statistics gathered in the spring of 1916 show 16,229,792 acres actually under the plow, a gain of approximately 600 per cent. Of this huge acreage, wheat now, as In the earlier days of the commonwealth, still holds first place, with an esti mated yield, under date of October 1, 1915, of 149,861,887 bushels, as com pared with 17,793,772 bushels in 1889. The yield of oats In 1915 Is estimated at 101,550,839 bushels. A gain In near ty all of the other crops is also esti mated at the same ratio. Corn Makes Great Gain. In the short period of three years corn has made a phenomenal gain of over 1,000 per cent. In the year 1911 the assessors' figures place the acre age at 397,300 acres, as against 794,348 acres in 1915. In 1911 the statistics show a total yield of 1,637,351 bushels as against 16,980,040 bushels In 1914. Alfalfa and Other Grasses. The state of North Dakota Is par ticularly proud of its record in the mat ter of alfalfa and other tame grasses, which is deserving of special men tion. In 1911 the total acreage In al falfa was 9,423, as against a total of 28,982 acres In 1915. In 1911 there was the following acreage of other grasses: Clover, 2,779 timothy. 96,. 970 brome grass, 25,492: other tame hay, 24,039. In 1915 the statistics show as follows: Clover, 23,147: tim othy, 116,151 brome grass, 25.553. There is now a total acreage of all crops and grasses grown of 14,878,476. Comparative Statement, The following comparative state ment of the acres sown to the different crops In 1914 and 1915 shows a grati fving increase In favor ft this year. The bumper crop raised In 1915 en ables It to replace 1909, which prevl-, ously held-the record for big crops: Crop. 1914. 1915. 7.2'9.11l 1,255.429 Winter wheat 17,713 18.427 628.593 OR'S 2.105.245 2 571.401 Bnrlpy 1,910«13 UFO,Ml IT'iii-lens barley .... 7.738 10 "5") PprlnK ryr 14,300 25.C61 Wlntny rye 106.818 219150 8R.765 794 345 88,399 127.490 9 538 23.147 116 151 28,982 NATIONAL GUARD OF STATE By T. H. Tharlson, Adjutant General. The people of North Dakota are Justly proud of their regiment of Na tional Guardsmen. There are at pres ent about eight hundred members, in cluding officers, and consisting of the Following organizations: Twelve com panies of infantry, a machine gun company, a hospital corps and a band. The North Dakota regiment ranks among the very best in the United States, and according to government reports is in very high standing for efficiency and discipline. It la equipped exceptionally well in every respect, with the latest models of guns and paraphornalla, while some of Its mem bers bear the honor of being among tho keenest sharpshooters in the Unit ad States army, navy or National Buard. The state camp grounds are Ideal and are reputed in army circles as being the most beautiful in the Northwest. Nearly every organization has an up-to-date armory, well built ami spacious, with officers' quarters, Irlll halls, storerooms, gymnasiums, bathroomB, and all necessary equip ment. .Nearly every member of the regiment is an athlete of no mean ability. In 1898 the state sent 718 men, which more than its quota, to the Phil Iprluos. The regiment made a most -'-v- record, participating in 37 en .i' r' and penetrating farther :o interior than any other voluu torr raiment. So valiant were their deeds that upon one occasion General Lawton gave utterance to his well known statement: "You can't stam pede the North Dakotas." Every North Dakotan can and should be Justly proud of his citizen soldiers, for in case of need to protect heme and lives It stands without chance of dispute that every man o! Umhb would -.quit himself nooly. THE DAIRY INDUSTRY ACTIVITIES IN THAT LINE SHOW YEARLY INCREA8E. QuaMty of North Dakota Dairy Pro* uets Cannot Be Excelled In Any. Part of Country. An Industry that is fast coming in to its own in North Dakota is thai ol dairying. Already the -North Qaksta creamery product Is recognised In -the eastern markets as a formidable, rfcral of the best brands of the great gut ter-making corporations, and the North Dakota housewife knows noth ing but butter and cream whose, Qual ity is of a uniformly high grade. This year there are 230,337. milch cows in the state. There are nearly one hundred creameries in the state and many others will be rapidly added as the special fltneBS of the soil and climate comes to' be niore fully^e$og nized. The n^ore exten^d: use jofthe silo and the now thoroughly qemon strated fact that corn, and alfalfa-can be profitably planted and matured have both given additional stimulus to the dairy Industry which promises in the near Xuture to be one of the most-important in the state. Legislative enactments are constant ly being made to strengthen .the,, su pervising power of the authorities so that the public can be -protected ^the more thoroughly from unsanitary methods of the manufacture and han dling of milk and cream. These laws are being actively enforced with most gratifying results. Nearly 10,000,000 pounds of butter were made in North Dakota families in 1914. In the same year farmers sold the creameries 13,462,000 pounds ot cream and milk receiving ,tfeerefox $2,998,127. Dairy Production. The comparative statement ot North Dakota dairy production-between)the years of 1910 and 1915 gives further evidence of the Bteady and constant growth of the state In this line ol agricultural endeavor: Pounds of milk 1910 6.673.4M Pounds of milk 1915 1,027,399. Pounds of cream 1910 4,466,884 Pounds of cream 1915 82,660.881 Pounds of butterfat 1910 4,668,379 Pounds of butterfat 1915 10,929,2)0 Pounds of butter made In the state 1910 14,823,9*7 Pounds of nutter made In the state 1915 15,275,170 Pounds of cheose 1910 49,679 Pounds of cheese 1915 67, 6061 Received by producers, or value, 1910 »J,143,625.041 Received by producers, or value, 1915 $6,733,024.90 FOR DIVERSIFIED FARMING^ Tendency of Farmers of 8tate la To ward 8oientlfle-Rotation of Crops. Diversified farming, a salient need in any community whpre^lt can b^ prosecuted,-is fast having! Its benefits recognized in the Sunshine state. Without question the most impor^ tant happening in North Dakota's agi rlcultural history, apart from thai phenomenal increase in production and acreage, is the marked tendency during the past few years, to aUtndoa the exclusive one or two-ci'op method of farming In 'avor of a scientific tation of crops, and the maintenanc on the far^i of the proper number ot farm animals, such as horses, cattle, sheep and hogs. Good farming, good methodB of cul tivation, intelligent tillage of the soil. Is the slogan in North Dakota. The fact has been demonstrated beyon^ any reasonable doubt that the yields of the various grains can be greatly increased and often doubled by the lm telligent cultivation of the soil, noli only increased in amount but rendered sure. It is now a demonstrated fact that corn and alfalfa can be successfully grown in every part of North Dakota, thus enabling farmers to take advant tage of these valuable crops in theiij rotation, and alBo maintain the ani mals that thrive on the hay, grain, and ensilage thus procurable. These conditions have also resulted Jn a most remarkable Increase in the dairy ing industry in the past few years, and at the rate at which purebred and high-grade dairy stock Is being brought into the state, and the large number of silos being erected annual* ly, all point to the time in the neas future when this industry will rival In volume that of many of the olde^ established dairy states of the Union. The agricultural college of Nortli Dakota and its varlouB substation^ and demonstration farms are making demonstrations and exemplifying tq the farmers the beBt and most ap proved methods of farming so^as to avoid the loss and hardship that lacl of knowledge often entails. With these means of studying at first hand the natural conditions and the methi ods of farming best adapted to the re gion, and with results of experiment^ made by skilled and scientifically trained men right on the ground, oped to tbe farmer and with published re ports of just what has been accom^ plished, all furnished free, there r!s no need for the farmer to be without the means of intelligently cultivating his land and developing to the best ad] vantage its natural resources. North Dakota, in 1915, had 8,562,9«5 acres Bown to wheat, 2,671,401 sown to oats. 528,593 acres to flax, 1,780,84^ acres to barley, 246,000 acres to rjrM 85,755 acres to spelts, 794,341 acres planted to corn, 86,399 acres to pota toes. and other smaller acreages tame roots and grasses.