Newspaper Page Text
E STATE" nniE I.I IME Climate of North Dakota Cannot Be Surpassed by Any Local ity the Whole World. NO OPPRESSIVE HUMIDITY Abundance f* Summer Sunshine, Cool Nights In Warm Season and Brao Ing Cold in Winter Make This 8tate Ideal Dwelling Place. North Dakota is truly the "Sunshine state." Along with its abundant sun shine it has a lack of oppressJrc uu midlty, a clear, bracing atmosphere and an exhilarating air that puts "pep" and the Joy of living into one, and makes a man feel like a man all the time, with none of that dull, red feeling encountered in some omor climes. There is no more healthy or desirable dwelling place under the skies. Speak to the average man cf the central states of North Dakota and he Is the country known as Sunny Southern Alberta lies north of North Dakota: that North Dakota has 160 hours more of sunshine during the year than the central states and that at 25 below aero here one feels the colt less than •t zero in the states farther east. Great Growing Weather. Although the temperature some* times reaches a low point In winter and occasionally climbs up over ICO In the summer, the mean of about 40 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal for the growth of all those crops for which the state is famous, such as wheat, oatB, barley, flax, corn, alfalfa, rye, potatoes, etc.. as well as for the com fort and health of those who dwell In the state. The growing season of about five months in which no frost occurs, is ample for seeding, growing and ripening of the crops sown Com pared with some other states this sea son seems short but this is more ap parent than real. North Dakota as a matter of fact having more actual sunshine, which is an absolute essen tial for the maturing of crops, than many states with a longer period be* tween frosts In the spring and fall. Unimpeachable governtn-»nt figures show that the total possil.le hours of sunshine in central Illinois for the months of April. May, June, July and August are 2,174, while in central North Dakota for the same months the total hours of possible sunshine are 2,269, a balance in favor of North Dakota of 95 hours. These figures are for possible hours during which the •on could shine If not obscured by clouds. As a matter of fact the actual difference is much greater 1n favor of North Dakota wherj the sky clears quickly after the numerous showers that occur during the five growing months. The following data is taken from the United States weather bureau re ports: apt to mentally turn up his oai collar and put his hands into his trous ers pockets, coming back with the statement that it must be cold in North Dakota. He dons not stor to consider that North Dakota is in the exact center of North America tnat "r "L "*ttl th* f»nnntrv i™,™ ar.„th^n eaftern coal. This cost is figured with- Borne Out by Figures. In 1911 the mean temperature for North Dakota was 38.3 degrees, the highest being 108 and the lowest 43 degrees below zero. The precipitation was 19.09 inches. In 1912 the following showing was made: Mean temperature. 38.2 de grees: highest. 124 degrees: lowest, 62 degrees below zero precipitation, 20.50 Inches. The mean temperature for 1913 was 40.1 degrees, the highest being 106 degrees and the lowest 54 degrees be low zero. The precipitation was 14.93 Inches. Forty degrees was the mean tem perature for 1914, the highest being 109 degrees and the lowest 47 de grees below zero. The precipitation was 19.21 Inches. At one time it was thought that a considerable part of North Dakota could not be profitably farmed on ac count of the comparatively light rain fall, but due to a better understand ing of tillage methods, there is no part of the state that Is not growing profitable crops. GRAIN AND STOCK RATES The following table of grain and live-stock rates from eight different points in the state will be interesting to the prospective farmer. They apply equally to shinments made to Dulnfh, Minneapolis, St. Paul or Superior the grain rates being relatively lower than any state in the Union. Shipping Point. Rate Per Cwt. in Car Lots. Grain. Live Ptn"v. BL John 18 $ .Ml plcklnson 22 .29 Crosby IS Bismarck 16 .24 Wlnot 16 .265 Jamestown 13 .24 Fargo 11 .IT Brand Forks 11 .208 STATE SOLDIERS' HOME At Lisbon is located the North Da Kota Solders' home, endowed with a 10,000-acre land grant, where a home Is provided for all honorably dis charged soldiers, sailors and marine* lad for tbelr wives and widows. RICH COAL DEPOSITS •1LLION8 OP TONS OF LIGNITE UNDERLIE LANDS OF STATE. Can 8upply Its Own Fuel Needs for Hundreds of Years to Come. That the western part of North Da kota is heavily underlain with beds of lignite coal of a high grade has been a matter of common knowledge for many years, but any systematic develop ment of these vast resources has been a matter of only comparatively recent years. Governmental surveys disclose that at least 32,000 square miles are un derlain with deposits of this splendid fuel, the available quantity being esti mated at five hundred billion tons. Mining of this fuel was hegun at first in a small way, but each year now sees a vast increase in the ontput un til the average now reaches 750.000 tons and Is steadily increasing. This product is used as fuel by all the state Institutions and is furnished to a large and ever-increasing number of domes tic and industrial consumers. A Valuable Fuel. As a fuel lignite is thoroughly rec ognized to be of great value. Recent experiments have been successful in producing a briquette, stable and weatherproof, of about the same spe cific gravity as anthracite coal, equal to the latter in heating power and de liverable outside the door of the con eumer at a price below that of any out taking into consideration the value of by-products procured during 'he process of manufacture which would still further reduce the price at which It could be profitably sold. Several plants now exist for the manufacture of these briquettes and more are in contemplation. For production of fuel and illumi nating gas this coal possesses a value superior to almost any other variety and when the vast deposits underlying thousands of square miles in western North Dakota are recalled, some con ception may be formed of the vast wealth now lying beneath the surface awaiting development. FUTURE OF NORTH DAKOTA Diversification of Farming Industries Will Give Farmer His Great est Profits. By THOMAS COOPER, Director North Dakota Experiment Station. Nor|h Dakota has been noted for leadership in the production of spring wheat. Our farmers have become ex pert in Its production at a minimum cost. The state's leadership in this Is passing as she conies in competition with the new lands of the Canadian Northwest. Consequently, the future of North Dakota's agriculture lies not in the production of wheat but in the diversification of her farming indus tries in which wheat shall be one of the leading products. One does not require the spirit of prophecy to see that only through the reduction of the wheat acreage and the Increased production of feed grains corn, alfalfa and pastures will the North Dakota farmer be enabled to make his greatest profits. Diversi fication is particularly necessary in this state. Methods of agriculture in the less humid areas must be such as will produce some classes of feed each year. In these areas the farmer must learn to depend largely upon live stock and upon live-stock products. The production of small grains for salS shall be an ircidant in the agricultural operations rather than the main pur pose of operating the farm. In all sec tions of the state sufficient live stock must be maintained upon the farm to utilize the roughage and to consume) the coarse grains. The production of forage, especially of alfalfa and t:rn, will be materially Increased. In consequence, this means a re* duced wheat acreage, but a larger pro duction of wheat to fhe —e. It means fewer burning straw stacks and more silos, and stacks of alfalfa hay in nlaco of the prairie grass. In the se"tior« of the state devoted to large farms, as well as In the rougher lands, there Is a splendid opportunity for further dt velopment of the beef industry. This enterprise will fit in well in the condi tions which prevail there. In the areas of smaller farms. vhere more labor is available, the dairy cow is proving of value and importance. Horses may be produced not only to advantage but to a high decree of ex cellence In practically eve^v section of the state. While the production of swine fits in welT in farms where an excess of feed grains can be nroduced. North Dakota should become noted as a producer of high-class horses, beef cattle and dairy stock. Every in vestlgatlon that has been carried on lq this state shows that we have distinct advantages along this line as com pared with many of the other states. In a few words, the prob'em of the North Dakota farmer is to so organize) the farm that a considerable percen tage of his income will be obtained from live stock and live-stock prod ucts. This. I believe, is the type oil agriculture that we must develop In I this state, and the one which will bring about the greatest agricultural advancement. It Is the basis of most of our present agricultural problems. It may be said that the seasons in North Dakota are shorter than the seasons farther south. But if th sen sons are shorter the days are longer. Has 435 legal newspapers. Has 52 organized counties. Ranks first in wealth per capita. Has 238 incorporated villages and cities. Ranks second in bank deposits per capita. Has an arable land surface of 42, 600,000 acres. North Dakota has always been a pro hibition state. Has an assessed valuation of more than ?380,000,000 Has 16.229.792 acres of land under actual cultivation. Has one of the best agricultural col leges in the Union. The average temperature of North Dakota is 40 degrees. Has more than 1,000 miles of rail road in course of construction or sur veyed. Prairie chickens in plentiful num ber? abornd in the prairie bections of North Dakota. Aearly 10,000,000 pounds of butter were made in North Dakota farm homes in 1915. North Dakota has natural gas in 'arse nuantities for illuminating and commercial purposes. Is first in the production of flax, its two nearest competitors having only •'.bod me third as many bushels. November 2,1889, North Dakota was admitted into the Union as a state. President Harrison signing the procla uation vorth THE STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA By GOVERNOR B. HANNA This yea*. 1915, North Dakota has probably raised flip bpsl crop ever grown in its history of all kinds of grain and ne of the best crops pver produced by any state. Quite a largp part of our state has been farmed iot thirty years almost continuously and some have an idea that the continuous cropping of thirty vcar inust take from the soil many of the elements neccssrtry to product a good crop, but North Dakota has shown this year tlrat will: climatic conditions right the good black soil of North Dakota is as capable of producing a magnificent crop of grain as it was when it was first turned over bv the plow from the virgin soil of tin prairies. North Dakota land is cheap, |iiality and nearness to mar ket considered. No better investment can be made than in North Dakota land and we here in North Dakota who realize and \vh.. know of the possibilities of on'. state and who appreciate all that the state has done for her pe le, cannot better show our apprecia tion of the opportunities c^red than by letting the world know of them. We can speak well of our splendid educational system, of oui magnificent State University, of our splendid Agricultural College, of our fine Normal Schools, of our Industrial School, our Science School and our School of Forestry, all of which are doing a splen did work in advanced education. Then we can turn with pride to our Kural and Consolidated School System and the splendid grade and high schools of our villages and cities. All of these schools are doing their part in educating the youth of onr state and preparing them for the work of life and the paths which lie before them. Behind the schools of our state stands a great endowmenl fund in lands and money and this endowment fund will stand perpetually to aid and help the boyp. and girls of today and the boys and girls of the future. North Dakota has splendid churches of all denominations scat tered over her prairies and our people are privileged in having able men as leaders in the church movements of the various denomina tions. Our state is a temperance state and has been in the van of that movement and not in the rear guard. Our people are diversifying their farming methods and getting out of the rut of th( old day. We are putting out trees, beauti fying our homes in the towns and country, putting up better build ings and doing all of those things that make for permanent popu lation. Our railroad facilities are excellent and are wonderful when ii is taken into consideration that as a state we are but twenty-six years old. When we stop to think of these things and of all that the Almighty has done for us there must come up from our hearts sense of appreciation that so much has been done for us. S/.UENT FACTS ABOUT NOTH DAKOTA Dakota offers comfortable homes and prospective wealth to the c-getic and thrifty and welcomes •ithin its boundaries all who possess :hese qualifications. IT'S* Has 810 post oflics. Has no unorganized counties. Has over 80 creameries in operation. Has a bank for every 800 inhabi tants. Has a total land surface of 44,736,477 acres. Has an assessed railway valuation of $56,960,772. Has an actual property valuation of $1,900,000,000. Farmers' Institutes are held yearly in every county. Four transcontinental railroads cross North Cakota. Has one of the best pure-food laws in the United States. Has a par capita wealth of $2,993 for a population of 633,854. North Dakota has over 50,000 miles of rural and long-distance telephone lines. Has a population in 1915 of 636,854, an increase of nearly 100 per cent since 1900 Has 6,281 miles of fully equipped railway track in operation, not includ ing terminals. North Dakota raised 13,000.000 more bushels of wheat this year than any other state in the I'nion. Has an income from land grants dis tributed to the common schools of $5.39 per annum for each scholar. Ranks fifth in increase of population In the ten-year period from 1900 to 1910 according to the United States census report. North Dakota raises more wheat than any other state or province on the continent and still has more than half its area available for prof, table cultivation. "A LETTER HOME" Like to come and see you daddy, and perhapB I will some day Like to come back EaBt and visit, but I wouldn't care to stay. Glad you're doing well, and happy glad you like your country best, But, for me, 1 always hunger for the freedom of the West. There's a wholesomeness about it that I couldn't quite explain Once you breathe this air you love it and you long for it again There's a tie you can't dissever in the splendor of Its sky— t's Just home to you forever and I can't Just tell you why. it's so big and broad and boundless and its heaven is so blue And the metal of Its r°ople always rlngB so clear and true All its billowed acres quiver lik9 the shudder of the sea And its waves roll, rich and golden In upon the shore for me. Why. your farm and all the otherB that we used to think so fine Wouldn't—lump 'em all together—make a corner lot of mine And your old red clover pasture, with its gate of fence rai's barred. Why, it wouldn't make a grass plot in our district schoo house yard. Net a foot has touched its prairies but is longing to return, Not an eye has seen the Bunset on its western heavens burn But looks back in hungry yearning with the memory growing dim. And the zephyr of its prairies breathes the cadence of a hymn That is sweet and full of promlBC as the "Eeulah Land" we knew When we used to sit together in the ,ueer, old-fashioned pew, And at eventide the glory of the sun and sky and sod Bids me bare my head in homage and in gratitude to God. Yes, I love you. daddy, love you with a heart that's true as steel. But there's something in Dakota males you live and breathe and feel Makes you bigger, broader, better makeB you know the worth of toil Makes you free as are her prairies and as noble as her soil, Makes you kingly as a man is makes you manly as a king And there's something In the grandeur of the season's sweep ana swing That casts off the fretting fetters of your East and marks you blest With the vigor of the prairies—with the freedom of the West! —By JameB W. Foley. OF STATE North Dakota Prov Elements of SducEtion tor Evary Per son W.tl.in Har Boro-rs. OVER 5,003 C3W.V.3N SCHOOLS State Maintains Higher Institutions o' Learning Including Agricult-iral College—Schoc system En joys Special Land Grants. One of the first inquiries made by prospective ne» comer into a locaiitj Is regarding its educational facilities North Dakota is proud of its sciioo. system and invites the closest scrutinj and comparison. To every person ii this state, whether old or young, is given the opportunity of receiving the elements of an education. North Da kotans are not so busy with their agri cultural pursuits ti.at the we.fare ol its future citizens in an educationai way are in the least neglected. The Common Schools. The common schools of North Da kota number 5,246. There are 181 consolidated schools in the slate 3i of these are classified state higt schools and 25 as graded consohJated schools. The state maintains three normal schools for training teachers the state university, the state agri cultural college, a scientific school, school of foiestry, an industrial school a school for the blind anil a schoo.' for the deaf and dumb. Every child in tue state, betweer eight end sixteen years of age. is re quired to attend public or private schoo! regularly. Special Land Grants. The pub.ic scnoois of the state en joy special land grants in order tc maintain high standards in teaching and buildings. Besides the common public schoo't and the state's educational institu tions there are several sectarian col leges maintaining a high standard ol scholarship. Different denomination! maintain private academies and spe cial schools. There are schoo.s ol business, of music and of art.- Some School Facts. A comprehensive stai ...lent fur nished by Superintendent oi Hub ic In struction Taylor gives the present number of schoo in the state, enroll ment thereof and other va.ur b.e in formation on 8t'hco. matters a com parison being made with the yeai 1904. From 'his statement tlie fol lowing facts are taken: Number of schoo.s in Btate in 1914, 5,243 in 19D1. 3.28 J. Total seating capacity of all school' houses, 204,8j8 in 19 4 122.732 iq 1904. Enumeration of school children, 177,237 in 1914 118 K2 in 1904. Enrollment of sc.iool children, 148, 021 in 1914 95,221 in 1904. Average daily attendance, 102,490 in 1914 f£.4 12 in 1904. Numbor of tcaehers employed, 7, 911 in 1914 5,3 8 in 1901. Average monthly salary of teachers, $58.36 in 1914 $42.77 In 1904. Amount paid teachers during year, $3,440,(163.48 in 1914 $1,164.461 80 iq 1904. Total amounts of warrants issued during the year for all purposes, $6,» 670,747.49 in 1914 $2,682,107.49 iq 1904. Total receipts for the year from all sources, including cash on hand at beginning of year $9,476,611.32 iq 1914 3,045.631.58 in 1904. Total amount of cash In hands o| county and district treasurers belong ing to the districts, $3,260,009.79 iq 1914: $3,045,631.58 in 1904. Total value of schoolhouses. sites and furniture. $11,553,442.49 in 1914 $3,757,252.56 in 1904, FORCES FOR GOOD ARE MANY Religious Activity Has Always Had Large Part in Life of North Dakota. Almost the first thing that strikes the newcomer Into any part of North Dakota is the high moral atmosphere that prevails everywhere. The state has never had a legalized saloon with in its boundaries, having birn a pro hibition state fn.m the time of ts ad mission into the Union. Every religious denomination is represented in practically every part of the state and the building of churches is contemporaneous with the bui ding of schoolhouses. Relig'ous activity has always had a large p«rt In the life of North Dakota, and the resvlt is clean living and a devotion to high moral ideals. All church and religious subsidiary organisations are fully represented, each doing Its work and accomplishing its share for the uplift of the race. In addition to the special system of education through the pun.U schools and °olleges there are many denominational colleges In the state and parochial schools in almost everv community. The griit possibilities in this state early induced a class -it sell lets with high moral ideals which mint, round expression in the high standard of the state laws and perhaps no coun try «d the world has fewer felona than North Dakota. VAST CLAY DEPOSITS PROSPECTIVE WEALTH IN CLAYS OF VARIOUS KINDS. These Valuable Resovrces Make Pos sible an Ind stry That la Fast Assum.ng Large Proportions. The various and vast clay deposits of the state are a rich resource of ac tual and prospective wealth to North Dakota. Clays for the manufacture of common building brick are found In practically every county In the state. Six countics furnish clay from vthich the finest of pressed brick are made. In three counties the clay found is especially suitable for the manufacture of paving brick and an other trio of counties furnish clay for the manufacture of firebrick. The clays in all the counties west of the Missouri river are suitable for drain tile, flowerpots and other utensils. Pottery and Porcelain. In a number of counties also are found the finer clay deposits suited for the manufacture of pottery and por celain ware articles manufactured from which vie in beauty with the most splendid European and Chinese porcelain. In support of this claim most magnificent specimens of the potter's art have been created from thete clays and today are on exhibi tion in various parts of the country. These are proof to the most technical critic that North Dakota abounds in this valuable resource and in suffi cient quantity to supply the world with pottery and chinaware for a thousand years to come.' it is merely writing for the attention of capital and the willing hand of man to be converted into articles of beauty and service, thereby producing wealth. Best Pressed Brick. The manufacture of pressed brick has already reached large proportions in the state. Several splendidly equipped establishments are engaged in this business and their output is found as far west as Seattle and other coast cities and is also competing In the southern and eastern markets with the best product of the most famous brickmakers. North Dakota pressed brick can be found in several build ings in New York city. Quite recently the government su pervising architect, the official intrust ed with the selection of brick for all federal buildings pronounced pressed brick from North Pikota to be the best ever submitted to him. So suc cessfully did it pass through the rigid tests imposed on it that the official suggested that perhaps It had been specially prepared for the occasion. Fresh selections were made, however, from the run of the kiln, with equally good results. Having Healthy Growth. The state engineer, In his annual report, among other things has this to Bay: "Keeping pace with the gradual and steady increase in demand for clay products, the industry has had a healthy growth. With increased trans portation facilities in the western part of the state and a greater market for drain tile, sewer pipe and building and building material than ever be fore. there is an excellent opportunity for the development of a large and prosperous Industry." Cement mines are found in the Pem bina mountains in the northeastern part of the state and are as yet prac tically undeveloped. GOOD ROADS ABE AM ASSET North Dakota Highways Compare Fa vorably With Those of Other Young States. Good roads are among the principal veins and arteries of commerce and communication. Since its early state hood. North Dakota has given much attention to this important subject, but the real impetus came with the advent of the automobile. For so young a state North Dakota need not be ashamed of her highways, and each yeaf shows an Improvement and ex tension In the Important work Most of the country roads are graded and drained so that they are in good condition soon after even a heavy rain. Close attention to the improvement of highway conditions are given by all county governments. There are at present over 25 0')i) au tomobiles owned and licensed in the state The money derived from stats licenses goes Into a fund which Is di vided pro rata among the counties, and the new law provides that this money shall be expanded on the roads under the supervision of the county commissioners Three important national automo bile highways pass through the state, and there are also severa' other auto trails of lesser Importance. The Meridian road extending from Pem bina in the extreme northeastern part of the state, to Galveston. Tex., passes along the eastern edge of the state. The Wonderland trail, extending from the heads of the great lakes to the Pacific coast, passes through the northern part of the state and the National Parks highway, known ai the Red trail, extending from New York to the Pacific coast, passec through the southern part of the state. That North Dakota roads have been chosen as a part of these Important highways Is an evidence of their good quality. There are now In the state penlten tlarv at Bismarck but a trifle over ''OU inmates In Itself an eloquent testi mony to the high standard of public behavior in a state of over 600,000 In habitants.