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New York.—New York is a neutral
port. It ia neutral despite the presence here of vessels of all nations. These vessels are free to come and go as long as they observe the neutral ity laws of the united States. Dudley Field Maioiie. collector of the port, is charged with the respon sibility for the ciiioreemeni or these, laws. Mr. Malone has been without prece dent to guide him. No other collector of this port ever hud to deal with a situation liKe that created by the war in Europe. FYoni the outset he has been de termined, so far as Ills district is con cerned. to prevent any u'cl on the part of any of the belllgerentH which would compromise the neutrality of this, country as detlned in President Wilson's proclamation, says the New York Herald. The need for prompt and vigorous action was emphasized by the Kron prinz Wilhelm episode. The records of the custom house show that this vessel cleared in a proper manner. The authorities had uo legal right to detain it. Bccomes Commerce Destroyer. the facility with which the KioiipiiJiz Wilhelm was transformed from a peaceful merchant vessel to a commerce destroyer us soon as it was on the high seas caused the gov ernment to turn its attention to the activities which became manifest on board other steamships that were in the harbor. Mr. Malone immediately organized a neutrality bureau, consisting of about a hundred customs officials. These men were assigned to various piers and stations where vigilance seemed necessary. Each man was held to a strict ac countability, but Mr Malone set them a splendid example, for night after night he was out in the harbor, in wind, rain or cold, 6ither on a torpedo boat destroyer or one of the govern ment's fast launches whieh have been assigned to neutrality duty. The formalities attending the clear ance of a vessel were made more strict, a closer inspection of the load ing of cargoes was instituted, and to Copj-r'^hf vftriefWQGd ijsl His Collector Dudley Field Malonb. guard againat a vessel attempting to leave the harbor without clearance papers it was arranged to have some of the speediest torpedo-boat destroyers In the navy stationed in the Narrows off Quarantine and in the sound otf Whitestone. Cables were laid and at tached to a buoy, from which direct connection could be made with one of the destroyers on guard at either station, so that it would be possible to telephone direct from the custom bouse to the commanding officer at any minute during the day or night. Private telephones were also placed at each pier around the harbor, mak ing it possible for. the men on guard to get into instant communication with the collector's office. No Chance to Get By. Under this arrangement as soon as a vessel has cleared at the custom bouse notice is sent to the torpedo boat destroyer on guard, and no ves sel is allowed to leave the harbor un til the commander of the destroyer has received word from the custom bouse that clearance has been granted. The efficacy of this supervision was tested when the steamship Pathfinder, Ignoring the signals to stop, steamed rapidly past Quarantine and was down in the iower bay before the de stroyer got under headway. The de parting boat was speedily overhauled, but even then the captain refused to •top until a solid shot was fired across bis bows. He thereupon decided to take no chances on what might hap pen next and returned as ordered to the Quarantine station, where he was detained until a proper clearance was produced. Several other boata have been stopped in like manner. The vigilance of tbe "neutrality •quad," as Mr. Malone's army of busky watchers has come to be known among tbe harbor folk, is evidenced by several incidents. Two one time United States torpedo boats, the Por ter and the Winslow, which bad a speed of from twenty four to twenty ill knots, bad bean condemned By Mime NEH BI6 TUSK Customs Authorities of the Port of New York Never Before Had a Situation to Deal With Like That Created by the European War —Efficient Bay Patrol Assisted by Swift Destroyers Keep Constant Watch on Outgoing Vessels, the navy department and sold. They were purchased by a machinist and boiler maker and Btored in the Erie basin, where they remained several years, neglected and uncared for. Soon after the war broke out they suddenly became the objects of great activity A number of workmen ap peared on the scene, the decks were scraped and painted, the engines and machinery overhauled and tbe boata soon took on the racy, businesslike appearance which had distinguished theqi when tliey were on the active naval list. Sale Falls Through. No explanation or this sudden change could be obtained, so customs guards were placed in charge of the boata day and night, with instructions to forbid theui leaving the pier until the collector had given permission for them to do so. The owner then ap peared and stated that he was nego tiating the sale of the craft and that they were to be taken up to the great lakes. It was shown to him that all that would be necessary to make tbe vessels effective fighting machines would be to mount a couple of tor pedo tubes on the decks, which still contained the ringbolts and the bases on which the torpedo tubes had for merly been mounted. Also it was shown to the owner that as there were two British cruisers on guard outside of New York harbor, the possibilities in case these torpedo boatB should fall into the hands of irresponsible parties were too serious to be lightly disregarded, and that if the vessels were sold they would not be permitted to leave the custody of the customs authorities until tbe iden tity of tbe new owner and bis pur pose of acquiring craft of this type were fully investigated. The negotia tions for the sale of the boats appar ently fell through, for at tbe present time tbey are still In the bands of the Bame owner and are still under the supervision of the neutrality bu reau, day and night. The great fleet of Qerman and Aus trian passenger and merchant ves sels (27 of the former and four of the latter) now tied up at the docks in the New York harbor has been under tbe constant surveillance of tbe "neutrality Bquad." These vessels are not Interned. They are merely "self detained," and. BO far as the United States is concerned, are quite aa free to come and go as the ships of any ctber nation, if they so 6lect. Ail that the customs authorities demand is that any cargo taken aboard shall con form Btrictly to our neutrality iawa and the vessels clear according to the proper formalities. vast Amount of Work. A trip around the harbor in th6 iaunch Neutrality, which is always ready to respond at a moment's notice to an emergency cali from Mr. Ma lone or any of his subordinates, gives some idea of the vast amount of work and the tremendous responsibility in volved in keeping the port of New York neutral. Exorbitant freight rates and the cer tainty of obtaining cprgoes have drawn ships of all descriptions from all sections of the globe to these wa ters. The oldest sailors say they have never before seen such a large and ill-assorted fleet of tramp ships as there is now in the harbor. Any sort of craft that will keep aiioat ia wel comed by shippers. Millions and millions or dollars' worth or war supplies purchased by the allies are awaiting shipment. The volume of exports now going out of New York from week to week far ex ceeds any previous movement or the kind from any port In the world in the history of modern times. The shipyards of Europe, America and Asia have been ransacked craft that had been assigned to tbe scrap heap has beeu resurrected and put into commission. Some of these- ships have made more money for their own ers on a single voyage than their actual worth In the market. The skippers are not particular what sort of cargo they carry. Dynamite or gun powder, automobiles or mules are all tbe same to them so long as tbey can get tbe benefit of tbe blgh rates wblcb this war-time traffic bears. Passing under tbe shadows of tbe great German steamships tied up at their docks In Hoboken after the man ner in wblcb an ice company 1b forced to stable its horses in tbe winter time, a tour of Investigation soon leads to BceneB of unusual activity along tbe piers at Weebawken. The huge grain elevators operated by tbe West Sbore railroad are pouring wheat by the hundreds of thousands of ..bushels Into the steel hulks of vessels steaming under the Norwegian and Danish flags. A little further along the French steamship Kangaroo 1b loading with tons and tons of steel billets to be UBed In making firearms and am munition. Freight Piled High. Across tbe way another big Bteel freighter, scheduled to steam tor Vladivostok, Russia, Is taking on a cargo that Is of uulque character. It is composed in part of steel rails, the steel frames and trucks of freight cars and th6 dismembered parti of a couple of powerful locomotives ol the lateBt pattern, and In part of mis cellaneous freight, consisting of sup plies for army use. Lighters piled high with large crates containing motors and automo bile bodies of various makes are in evidence everywhere around tbe har bor. The spaces between the piers of the Bush Terminal docks are con gested with freight of this charac ter, and the scene is one of remarka* ble commercial enterprise. The Neutrality picks its way along cautiously until In less crowded wa ters, then makes a dash across the upper bay to the torpedo-boat de stroyers stationed at the Narrows. The investigating party no sooner clambers up on the deck of one of them than a telephone bell rings aft. Lieut. George M. Lowry answers the call and returns with a message for a member of the "neutrality squad" from the office of Mr. Malone. The destroyers have steam up and are ready to make a dash if the occasion should arise. Beyond the Narrows, In Gravesend bay, in what has been designated by tbe harbor authorities as the loading ground for explosives, several ships are taking on dynamite, trl-nltro toluol or some other form of high ex plosive In quantities sufficient to make you shudder at the mere thought of what might happen if one of tbe boxes carelessly swung from tbe light er alongside should slip from the block and tackle and fall to tbe deck. All barges carrying explosives are required by the municipal ordinance to fly two large red flags, one at the bow and one at the stern, and at night to display two red lanterns. City in Danger From Explosives. Most of them paid little heed to the regulation. They were traveling up and down the harbor, each with enough picric acid or other high ex plosive to raze the city, with no red flag flying or other indication of the dangerous cargo they were transport ing. The attention of the "neutrality squad" was called by Mr. Malone to this carelessness. The customs guards are also forced to keep rigid watch to see that no explosives are loaded on passenger ships. It is likewise part of their duty, under the law, to prevent ship pers from loading goods under a false classification. In enforcing neutrality Mr. Malone haB not lost -sight of tbe fact that the motive of patriotism which impels all aliens in the United States to want to be of utmost service to their respective countries is perfectly un derstandable, but it has been bis con stant purpose to compel tbe repre sentatives of all nations to realize that they can only serve the cause of their governments by keeping within the limits and prohibitions of our neutrality laws. TO PROVE MOOTED THEORY Fuji, the Japanese foster-daughter of Mrs. William B. Neader Adamson of Philadelphia, Ib not only a beauti ful, healthy and loving little Japanese child, but Is also tbe living exponent by which the theory of the Influence of environment over that of heredity Is to be proved. The child Is to be given a real American training and at twenty-one to be permitted to decide whether she wants to live In America or Japan. Meanwhile all her inherent characteristics are to be made a mat ter of record.- MAN BAGS 5?.*P0UND WOLF Veung Minnesota Hunter Chases Anl mat for Several Miles on a Motor Cycle. Balaton, Minn.—Two boys, Evold Bylander and John Boilman, bagged a 62-pound wolf recently in rather a novel way. They were out hunting—one boy on the motor cycle aud the other with a gun In the side car—when they apled tbe wolf and gave chase. After a wild r'de of several miles, tbey made a successful long shot, HIS GOOD ADVICE ANONYMOUS. There wasn't the least bit of harm about Brodwaiser. He waB as amiable and Well-meaning a little man as ever wore felt Insoles and a chamois leath er chest protector. But people in general hardly appreciated his good qualities. The first time that.Smith saw him he was standing at the edge of a roadside excavation for gas pip&s watching the deliberate movements of a laborer wh& was ostensibly engaged in throwing out gravel. As Smith ap proached he heard Brodwaiser say: "My man, if you would grasp youi shovel with your left hafea a little nearer- the biade of your implement you would find it a better fulcrum foi tbe leverage of your right and be en abled to raise more earth with sub stantially the same exertion." The man stopped and looked up. "Pfwat'a that?" be asked. Brodwaiser repeated bis advice and the man surveyed him for a tnometol or two with withering contempt. "And to blazes wld ye an' yer ful crum!" he said at last. "Gwan away home wld ye an' yer leverages, ye lit tle dough-faced, lantern-Jawed ldjut. Talk to me about implements an' I'll abut ye In me dinner pail an' kape ye there till ye 1'arn manners, so I will. Gwan!" Brodwaiser reddened and moved away in silent dignity. Smith felt sorry for him and expressed his sym pathy. "Oh," Brodwaiser said, "I hard ly expected anything but abuse. One gets little thanks for good advice, I notice." It was a windy day and before they had got very far a sudden gust re moved Smith's straw hat. He recov ered it with some difficulty and was rather out of breath when he rejoined Brodwaiser. The latter had waited, and as Smith came up he said: "If I were you I would buy one of these bat guards. Tbey can be obtained for a mere trifle at any hat store, and the expenditure Is repaid a thousand times by their saving of temper, to say nothing of the possibility of the bat being blown beneath the wheela of a dray." "I've seen them," Smith aald. "You don't wear one yofirself, I notice." "It's unnecessary," he replied, "my hat never—" The wind took it as he spoke and aent it careering down the street, final ly landing it in a puddle from whence he rescued it dripping with mud and water. Smith could not help saying that In a high wind it was a good idea to hold a loosely fitting bat by the brim with a tenacious clutch, but Brodwaiser seemed unconscious of the delicate sarcasm of the remark, so '-much.' so that when they arrived at Smith's front gate be called Smith's attention to the fact that it creaked on Its hinges and recommended the ap plication of sweet oii as a remedy for the unpleasant sound. He was a near neighbor of Smith's and soon after that first meeting he called on Smith informally, as Smith was weeding his flower beds. On that occasion Smith became .indebted tc his visitor for two pieces of valuable information—that tnbacco burned be neath a rosebush covered with a clotb or something of that sort to keep is the smoke had a discouraging effect upon the plant parasites known at green fly, and that.a porch of suffi eient width cn the west front of hi£ cottage would afford a grateful shade against tbe rays of the sun in the afternoons. He was a veritable encyclopedia oi knowledge—never at a losa for a lit tie suggestion on any subject. Until Smith learned that Brodwaiser was a bookkeeper for a firm of glass import ers he Imagined he must conduct tbe "Helpful Hints" department of some newspaper. Smith overheard blm In the meal market one morning instructing the butcher in the art of meat cutting. "That ain't nothin', though," said the good-natured butcher, with a fat smile, when Brodwaiser had left. "He's give me pointers on preaervln' eggs In tbeii original new laldnesa by dippin* 'em In lima an' water. I'll bet be taught hla grandmother to auck 'em. I trimmed a sirloin for him the other day an' when I threw the suet In the box under the counter he says: sh'd tblnk you'd use tbe fragments of meat in some sort o' way 'atld o' wastin' 'em. If you'd put tbe beat of 'em in your sausage machine with proper seasonin' there ain't no reason why It wouldn't be good as long as the meat's fresh.' Ho! ho!" But Brodwaiser Is no more. He was a good citizen, a good neighbor and a kind of fusBy husband and father. H« died last spring of pneumonia. A lit tle before he passed away the doctot happened to cough to hide his emo tlon at the Bight of Mra. Brodwaiser's grief. "Doctor," said Brodwaiser. faintly, "you want to take care of that cough. Don't neglect it. It may develop Into something, serious. New. when you get home have your'wife heat sotne water and put it in a foot-tub with a little mustard. Then—" He sank back on his pillow. That was the last piece of advice be eve* gave.—Chicago Dally News. The 8afer Plan, She—Don't you think a man is a Mol to marry a woman for her money? He—I sure do. It- would be a whole lot safer for him to jolly bar Into landing it to him PRETTY CAPITAL DEBUTANTE Miss Marie Slmms, daughter of Rep resentative Slmms of Tennessee, is one of tbe season's most popular debu tantes in Washington. CAPTAIN CLAD IN AIGRETTES His Whole Body Covered With Featlv era Worth Thousands of Dollars. New Orleans, La.—When Capt. J. Pedersen stepped from the gangplank of his vessel he was accosted in a friendly manner by a customs inspec tor. Then, noticing what seemed to be a small feather sticking to the cap tain's wrist, the federal official at tempted to brush it off. The move ment disclosed a long aigrette. "Why," Captain Pedersen stam mered, "that's only a feather I was bringing to my wife." "Strip oft that vest." the inspector replied, "and we'll see bow many feathers you have." Captain Pederson took off his vest, and swung by a cord about bis neck and surrounding his body were 200 aigrettes, tied In bundles of 25 each, and valued at between $3,000 and »6 ,000. He waa thereupon arrested, the Importation of aigrettes being pro hibited by a federal law. SEEDLESS APPLE IS COMING Oid Tree Found Which Produces Unique Fruit, and t(?e idea. May Spread. Riverside, Cal.—The birthplace ol the seedless apple as well as tbe seedless orange is the iatest claim to distinction made by Riverside. Lasl year P. T. Evans discovered an old tree which produced fruit which was absolutely seedless and coreiess and of sweet and attractive taste. He had a number of buds removed and budded Igto nursery stock. One hundred and fifty of these bud ded treea are now ready for planting, ahd in order to give his discovery a thorough test Evans la arranging te distribute them without charge to various parts of the county to grow ers who wish to assist in the experi ment. The original tree, weil eared for, haB a good crop this year. GIVES UP AFTER FORTY YEARS Man Wanted for Murder Committed in flilnola In 1879 Surrenders In Louisiana. Springfield, 111.—Tired of being hunt ed for a murder committed nearly forty years ago, Benjamin Miller, for mer town marshal of Rivertown, neai here, haB surrendered at Jc..a, La. Lo cal officials received the following tel egram from Sheriff T. J. DeWitt ol Jena: "An aged m^n walked into my office this morning, giving the name of Ben Jamln Miller, He says he is wanted foi the murder of James Kirlin at River ton in 1879. He says he 1s tired ol It and wants to surrender." Kirlin was a saloon keeper. Mlllei shot him, it la charged, during a quar rel. An officer will be sent for Miller, who ia Bald to be nearly eighty. MUST THROW DIAMONDS AWAY Condition Attached to Bequest to Ore. gon Man—Reasons Are Not Known. Oakland.—J. F, Yates of Corvallla Ore., will receive |6,000 from the ea tate of tbe late Ernest W. Arnold ol Benton county, Ore., provided that ha throws four diamond rlngB belong Ing to Arnold's deceased mother Intc tba Pacific, one mile off Yaquina bay Arnold's will was filed for probate here, as much of the property is in this county. Yates, Arnold's friend, named executor, and must also erect tombstone over the grave of Ac nold'a mother. The will is dated May 17. 1»15, aod leaves some Jewelry to a niece, Marie Whlto of Huston, La. The reasons foi Arnold's strange bequest are un known. Woman, Ninety-Four, Tries Lottery. Mlnot, N. D.—Mrs. Margaret Folej of Mlnot has the distinction of belni tbe oldest person to register an op portunity to participate iu the distri bution. of the Fort Berthold lands Mra. Foley confessed to ninety-low she enrolled her nana. Warning Is Issued by Depart ment of Agriculture. Oltease May Be Contracted by Eating the Flesh of Hogs, In Any Form, Not Thoroughly Cooked Timely Hints. 1 Washington, D. O.—There la always the possibility that iliness may follow the eating of pork that 1s raw or not thoroughly cooked. The danger la greatest-at this season of the year when many people prepare for home consumption various food products that are customarily eaten without cooking More of these homemade products are prepared at hog-kllllng time on the farm than at any other time. American people as a rule prefer cooked pork, but there are many who, perhaps unknowingly, consume pork in an uncooked condition, either In the form of raw ham or uncooked sau sages. In many localities consider able amounts of these products are !made up and consumed at home, or .distributed throughout the neighbor hood. Large quantities of pork prod ucts Intended to be eaten raw are also prepared commercially. The disease known as trichinosis, .which may result from eating raw pork, is caused by certain round Worms, called trichinae. These are microscopic in size and infeBt the flesh of hogs. The prevalence of trichinae In hogs Is indicated by the fact that during nine years, 1898-1906, when the carcasses of hogs were Inspected mi croscopically by federal Inspectors, of 8,000,000 carcasses so Inspected, 1.41 per cent contained living trichinae and 1.16 per cent contained trichina like bodies or' disintegrating trlch nae. In other words and in round numbers, trichinae were present In 1 out of 71 hogs, and If the presence of dead trichinae and trlchlnallke bodies is Included, In 1 out of every 89 hogs. Unlike many other Infectious dis eases, tbe severity of an attack of trichinosis depends upon the number of parasites swallowed. Large quan tities of slightly infested pork must be eaten in order to produce appre ciable effects. If severe illness fol lows the eating of a small amour* ol the meat, the pork must have been heavily Infested. To avoid trichinosis, no form of pork in the raw state. Including drle.l or smoked sausages and hams, shonii be eaten. All pork used as food should be cooked thoroughly. If this is done the value or wholesomeness of the meat for food purposes Is not Im paired by the fact that the parasites were present in It. According' to specialists of the d& partment, trichinae die when snb Jected to a temperature of about 140 degrees F. All products containing pork which are prepared to be sold as cooked products in establishments op erating under federal meat inspection are required to be cooked sufficiently to insure a temperature high enough to destroy trichinae throughout aii portions of the meat. Likewise, in order to protect consumers who are careless or ignorant of the danger ol raw pork products of kinds prepared customarily to be eaten without cook lng, such as certain kinds of hams and summer sausages, must be manu factured in accordance with methods which, it has been determined, destroy the vitality of any trichinae which may be present in the pork. It has been found by Investigations in the bureau of animal Industry that if pork is subjected to a temperature .not higher than 5 degrees F. for 20 days, the vitality of all trichinae is de stroyed. This is one method of safe guarding pork products that are to ba eaten without cooking. Other methods followed in establishments operating under federal meat inspection consist In curing and drying the products aci cording to certain rules which the manufacturers are required to follow.' Although products that are special-j |y prepared for eating uncooked andi bear the mark of federal inspection,] may be used with safety, the cwrtom' of eating raw pork is not to be: ton couraged. In any case it should be remembered that freBh pork, or ordi nary cured pork products, are• not! safe as food unless properly cooked. It can not ba detennlned with cer tainty by Inspection whether pork is free from trichinae, and the federal meat inspection mark does not guar antee the fitnesB.of pork for food. If it la eaten raw. A practical rula for cooking pork Is to cook It until It has lost Its red color throughout all portions, or If a trace of this color la still present, at least until the fluids of the meat have become more or less Jellied. CIVIL WAR SHELL EXPLODES Picked Up on tanooga Pattleflald Near Chat and told for Junk, Goes Off In Cupola, Chattanooga, Tann.-—A Civil war shell, picked up on one of the battle fields around Chattanooga and sold with a lot of other old scrap Iron to a foundry company, exploded when dumped in tha melting cupola with a lot of Iron No ona damage dons was hurt and tba tha cupola was imma terial. The manager of the concern Bays that Bhells are frequently found in scrap iron, but they are usually very careful to aaa that they are not thrown Into tha cupola. ft 4f ..m jgvg •31$'