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Happenings ip Important Events fX? of Various Seo tlono of tho stato reported during laat few days. Bismarck.—Mrs. Thomas H. Tharal sort, wife of the adjutant general of th« North Dakota- National Guard, died a her home following a five-weeks' ill ness Pneumonia, which set in aftei kidney trouble developed, was the im mediate cause of death. Sentinel Butte, N. D.—Injuries sus tained in the Elks' round-up at Dickin son last July were indirectly respon sible for the death of John Batchellei Stoddard, one of western Nortli. Dako ta's best known ranchers, who has just passed away at his home here- Frank S. Talcott, warden at the North Dakota state penitentiary, has returned from the east, where he at tended the annual national prison con gress in Buffalo, N. Y. The congress in Warden Talcott's opinion, was one of the most sucecssful ever held. Bismarck.—Captain Angus Fraser is no more. It's Major Frazer now. Gov ernor Hanna has just signed the com mission which rewards one of the old est, most efficient and most popular men in the North Dakota national guard with- an important promotion. Jamestown.—The Rev. Hugh L. Bur leson. who was elected bishop of South Dakota by action of the house of bishops in session at St. Louis, was former rector of the Grace Episcopal church of this city and was former dean of Getlisemane cathedral of Fargo. Bismarck.—Forty thousand dollars worth of the million dollar league ex change's stock was sold during the first week following the granting of a char ter, declared a leaguer. One solicitor sold $3,400 worth within less than a week, a majority of the 34 shares hav lng been taken in Burleigh county. Bismarck.—The Equity Cooperative Packing company, a million-dollar North Dakota corporation with home offices In Fargo, has just been issued a charter by the secretary of state. Ap plication for the charter was made some time ago, but its granting was withheld pending the determination ot certain co-operative features of the corporation. Fargo.—Farmers and business men of North Dakota will show their fel lowmen at the International Live Stock exposition at Chicago December 4 to 11 what North Dakota can do and Is doing in the development of the live stock Industry. Incidentally they will Study exhibits of live stock at the show and half of the farmers plan to pur chase pure-bred stock for breeding pur poses. Fargo.—Organization of the Tri-State Flood Control congress, to direct a con ference that will be held in Fargo Nov ember 13, was perfected here at a con ference of local flood control promot ers. With the selection of the confer ence date it also was announced that Governors Burnauist of Minnesota, Byrne of South Dakota and Hanna of North Dakota had accepted invitations to attend. Grafton.—For the twenty-third time, Mrs. Elizabeth Preston Anderson of Fargo was elected president of the florth Dakota W. C. T. U. at the an nual convention held here. Resolution^ were adopted demanding that the gov ernor appoint a woman to the state beard of control. Another resolution condemns Sunday baseball. Women suffrage and national prohibition were approved. Wilton.—That lignite mines of this section and Western North Dakota, will be called upon to furnish a great-, er quantity of coal than ever beforej because of the high prices and recog nized possibility of an Eastern coal shortage, is the belief of mine owners here. Already tremendous orders have been placed for delivery and thq force of miners is being rapidly in •greasins demanij for feul. Fargo.—Equity officials report stock Bales for the new packing company have passed the $100,00 mark and that Biik-s are now being made at the rate of more than, $10,000 a day. Most of the sales so far made have been among farmers. An interesting phase of the movement is that far off Montana is taking a hand and sales are already reported from that state. South Da kota and Minnesota are also contribut ing to the result with prospects of still larger interest. Fargo.—The fiscal year ending in June, 1916, was a most prosperous per iod for the Northern Pacific, as shown by its annual report, filed with the North Dakota railroad commission. Iq gross and net earnings the year was far ahead of 1915. The gross for 1910 yvas $75,939,230.65, as compared with 163,171,662.60 in 1915 the 1916 oper ating expenses were $40,366,411.85, and the 1916 $37,108,048.88. The crease in revenue over 1915 was $12-, 767,578.05, while the Increase in op erating expense was but $8,258,362.97. Jamestown.—The growth of North Pakota educationally Is pictured in tha report issued by E. R. Edwards of thin city, state high school Inspector, in wlhch is shown that all the high schooli to the state, with a few exceptions, are enjoying an Increased enrollment. 01 81 schools which he inspected this year, Inspector Edwards found only S which did not have more pupils enroll ed in the fall than their total enroU ment of last year. Milnor.—John Aamdahl, a membei of a hunting party, was killed by th« accidental explosion of a shotgun car rieO by hiniEcif. STATE IS TO STAND EQUALIZATION BOARD'S ACTION POPULAR ALTHOUGH VALIDITY MAY BE ATTACKED. NEWS OF STATE'S MILITIAMEN Important Items From North Dakota State Institutions and Officials With Live Letters From Flick ertail Guardsmen at Border. Bismarck, Although the North Dakota State tax commission has discovered a clause in the North Dakota statutes which might nullify the recent action of the state board of equalization in making a flat 10 per cent reduction on farm lands and certain other classes of property, it is highly improbable that the tax commission or any other agency, in dividual or public will endeavor to press the advantage by asking the su preme court to mandamus the board. First and foremost, the reduction in taxes is by no means unpopular with the class principally benefited—the farmers. Furthermore, it becomes ap parent upon going into the subject in detail, that there is no just reason why the North Dakota farmer should be taxed an additional $80,000 this fall, Inasmuch as a balance of $300,000 over all expenses may reasonably be ex pected to remain in the treasury of the state July 1, 1917. Graded License Law Valid. North Dakota's proposed auto mobile graded license law, substitut ing a reasonable license and regis tration fee in lieu of all other .taxes, is constitutional, says Attorney Gen eral Linde, as a result of a recently adopted amendment. The only ques tion which the proposed law would raise would be the right to divert into a general state highway fund the li cense fees paid upon automobiles as sessed within the corporate limits of cities and towns. Inasmuch, how ever, as the average city or town Is anxious to build good roads, no opposi tion is expected from corporate muni cipalities. It is understood that the North Da kota tax commission. Secretary of State Hall, State Engineer Bliss and other public officials and commissions have given their approval to an auto mobile license law now being drafted. This bill will establish a graded fee, dependent upon horsepower, value of car, vintage, etc.. and the average license cost will be $7.50 per car. Convicts Ask Pardons. An unusually lar-.'.c number of pris oners are seeking freedom and more than the ordinary quota of ex-convicts are asking for re-enfranchisement as a Christinas gift from Governor Hanna and the state boar.! of pardons. The state board's heaviest business session is always held the firs!, of December. Whether it is the opinion of convicts and their friends tha:. the approach of the ho'.iday season may have a softening effect upon the hearts of the pardoners, or whether it is the mere fact that Christmas brings with it a general longing for home and family on the party of the trans gressors themselves, certain it is that more" petitions for pardons arc re ceived at the December session thsu at any other. The hoard will convene December 2. Guard Recruits Scarce. Only 20 of the -S00 men needed to bring the North Dakota national guard to war footing, have been recruited by the detail that returned to the state several weeks ago. Captain Solum, re cruiting officer for this state said there are several elements that are making recruits scarce. In the first place, high wages are being paid for laborers in practically every line of work in tho northwest. Between the potato fields, threshing, contractors and the lumber woods, men are hard to find, and they are getting better pay for their ser vices than they have been getting for a number of years, which makes sol diering rather unattractive to many. This cause applies to every branch of army service. Bound by Act of Agent. An insurance company is bound by any act of its general agent which may appear to the insured to be with in the bounds of the real or implied authority invested in that agent, ruled the North Dakota supreme court in upholding the judgment rendered the plaintiff in the Grand Forks district court in the case of the Michigan-Idaho Lumber Co. vs. the Northern Fite & Marine Insurance Co. The supreme court's ruling is re garded by Dakota insurance men as one of the. most important that has issued recently from this state or any other in its bearing upon insurance business in general. Tax Collection Heavy. Tax collections for September are showing up much better than antici pated, the state auditor's office finds. There was some fear early in tha summer that the comparatively poor crop might result in delayed payment!, but such has not proven the case to date. Excellent returns are anticipat ed for October and November, as Oo tober 5 all delinquent personal taxes were placed in the hands "of the sher iff of each county for collection, and tho Plate expects to procure a large revenue. IF ELECTION WERE OVER? While Democrats Are Admittedly the Champion Question Fiends, It la Believed This Quiz Is as Un answerable as Their Most Childlike Effort. If election day were past would President Wilson make so little of the principle of arbitration in industrial disputes? Would he be so sure that it is more important to preserve peace, when a great strike Is threatened, than it is to make judicial methods rather than force' the means of settling dlf feiences between capital and labor? If election day had come and gone won id Mr. Wilson keep the national guardsmen of the country in camp on the ground that they may be needed to protect the United States against Mevico? Would there be months of inaction and indecision in which no use Is made of large body of citizen soldiers? Would they not be allowed to go home or else be set In motion to make Mexico as safe a neighbor as the Administration seems to think that It is already? Tf 'lection day were past would the President drive through Congress a bill like the shipping bill which is In tended to embark the federal govern ment upon a new venture in a hazard ous field and use .$50,000,000 of the people's money to buy tonnage hfcld above its normal value or else so owned that it cannot he used without peril of international complications? Ts sound public policy behind such a measure or only campaign politics? If election day were not to he con sidered would Wood row Wilson use so ninny high and mighty words in inter national notes and do so little to make rlieni mean anything practical? Would his deeds lag so far behind his phrases?--Cleveland Leader. "He DIDN'T DO RIGHT' Independent Voters Turning This Con viction Over and Over In Their Minds and It Will Cost Mr. Wilson Many a Vote. A Democrat who never voted for a Ueptililieaii candidate for President ex cept in IsT'J, wlieu lie was forced by the lack of a Democratic nominee to east his ballot Cor Horace Greeley, says: "1 expect to vote for Woodrow Wilson, Imt don't like his course in the railroad dispute. He didn't do rlglii." The railroad controversy has intro duced a moral issue into the campaign. .Mr. Wilson sacrificed principle to ex pediency, or what he judged to be expediency, when he tamely surren dered to tlie demands of the train M'rvice brotherhoods. He put. his own personal and party need before the public good. He angled ^'or .votes. _He aimed a body, blow at ihe tried and tested arbitration method of settling differences. "God help you I cannot," lie is said io have exclaimed to the railroad man agers, who do not poll as many votes as their employes. But he could have helped them if ho bail stood impartial ly between them and the utterly reck less train service representatives who were ben' on their rule-or-ruin programme. "He didn't do right." The consci ousness of that fact is sinking deep Into the American mind. "He didn't do right." That wide spread conviction will cost him thou sands of votes orj election day. "He didn't do right." He preferred the weak, the timid, attitude of tha born compromiser. The American people like courage. The like convictions. They like a man who has (lie courage of his con victions. They tike a man who is willing to risk consequences for the sake of a just cause. It was an unjust cause in which Woodrow Wilson enlisted when he ac cepted the brotherhood view that the chief item in their demands could not be arbitrated.—Providence Journal. FIVE THOUSAND A DAY. Enrollments in the Hughes National College League. The Hughes National College League, Oil Fifth avenue, New York, \H receiving enrollments at the rate of five thousand a day. They are coining from all parts of the country, and the work of organizing branches in all states and most of the Important cities has been started. A large per-* centage of the enrollments are from iiiefi who give their usual political affiliations as Progressive, Democratic or Independent. The league lias received the en dorsement of Governor Hughes, who wired: "If there was ever a time when the educated men of the country who have Its welfare at heart should work for right principles and strong government it Is now." Chairman Wllicox of the Republican National -Committee, ex-President Taft, and John Hays Hammond have also praised the work enthusiastically, as much on the score of the benefit to the men themselves as of the real work it will do to help elect Governor Hughes. The President must be credited with having put a slick one over if he can get the votes and make the people pay the freight. Latin politeness is proverbial, but aren't these Mexican commissioner* exceeding the limit when they persist in likeniug Woodrow Wilson to VftB Vittano Carrunza! WIT HUGHES WOULD E LEFT E That Is Campaign's True Angle and Not the Trite Question with Which Hecklers Are Nagging the Republican Standard Bearer. ACHIEVEMENTS ASSURANCE BLUNDERING IS NO HABIT Wincing Democrats Trying to Run Away From the Record of the. Ad ministration and to Inveigle the Voters Down Rhetorical By-Paths, All in the Thinly-Disguised Effort to Change the Subject. When Mr. Hughes criticises the rec ord of the Administration the spokes men of Mr. Wilson cry: "What would you have done?" They forget that it Is Mr. WilsMi, :md not Mr. Hughes who is on trial. They forget that four years ago Mr. Wilson criticised Mr. Taft and Mr. ltoosevelt through out the campaign and that Mr. Taft and Mr. ltoosevelt defended their re s| active records, instead of crying "What would you have done?" They forget these tilings or they refuse to confess them. They are trying to run away from the record of the Adminis tration and induce the people to fol low them down some by-path of rhe torical hypothesis, all in the effort to change the subject. "1y their fruits ye shall know them." When Mr. Hughes was Gov ernor of New York he did not pay political debts by tilling the public otlices witli unlit men. lie did not champion certain principles during his campaign and repudiate them after he entered otlice. As Governor, he did not resort to brave and beautiful words as a substitute for linn and con sistent deeds, lie was careful in his use of words but he backed bis words with deeds, lie did not promise what he could not perform. He did not plaster the peop'e with compliments they did not deserve. He was not a rhetorician, lie was not a flatterer, he was not "too proud to fight" for labor or for capital, for the strong or the weak, when the riuht was on their side. Mr. Wilson's spokesmen seek to di vert. attention from the attacks Mr. 'Hughes is making upon the record of the Administration by asking him: "What would you do?" they are un consciously helping Mr. llugbes. They lire recalling to the memory of the people the record he made throughout his two terms as Governor of New York. It was then that he first said "public oflice shall not be a private snap under my administration," and nmde performance square with prom-. Ise. There is this about Mr. Hughes thai makes him so different from Mr. Wilson: "Hughes means what he says." So it is thai the campaign is really a contest of character between two men, with sincerity as the differ entiaiing and deciding factor. FIERY WORDS. "Direct violations of a nation's sov ereignty cannot await vindication in suils for damages—the nation which violates those essential rights must be chocked :irid called to account by di roct challenge and resistance."— From Woodrow Wilson's speech ac cepting the Democratic nomination for presidency, BUT— The American flag Is still unsnlut.ed at Vera Cruz. Villa Is still uncaptured and unpun ished. Carranza still slaps the United Slates. There still has been no accounting for American lives and property de stroyed In Mexico. The whole question of reparation for invasion of American rights by vari ous warring nations Is still sleeping in a pigeonhole. AND— All the "direct challenge and resist ance" noticeable to the average Ameri can Is included In a series of notes said to possess high literary quality, if nothing else in particular. Wabbling Woodrow. Opportunism has claims that every statesman must respect. But never has there been an opportunist in the White House of greater willingness to change than the present incumbent. The country feared it had placed pow er in the hands of a doctrinaire school master incapable of bending. It finds that It has a man of remarkable plus tic-ity of judgment, who one moment stands for states' rights and the next for nationalism, who one day Is a pa cifist, and the next is out-shouting Col. Roosevelt for arms and ships, who one week is for a barren neutrality and the next for war in behalf of general righteousness, who one night is for collective wage bargaining and arbi tration of industrial disputes and the next is waving the flag of decreeing wages up or down as the votes of the larger number can be controlled,— New York Globe and Commercial Ad vertiser. (Jen. Pershing's army continues In fine fettle, "fit for a fight or a frolic." To its credit let it be said It want far us politics permitted. v-OL. ROOSEVELT APPEALS FOR THE ELECTION OF MR. HUGHES. I appeal to my fellow citizens that they shall elect Mr. Hughes and repudiate Mr. Wilson be cause only by so doing can they save America from that taint of rjross selfishness and cowardice which we owe to Mr. Wilson's substitution of adroit elocution for straightforward action. The permanent interests of the Amer ican people lie, not in ease and comfort for the moment, no mat ter how obtained, as Mr. Wilson would teach us but in resolute championship of the ideals of national and international dem ocratic duty, and in prepared ness to make this championship effective by our strength. Presi dent Wilson embodies in his per son that most dangerous doc trine which teaches our people that when fronted with really formidable responsibilities we can shirk trouble and labor and risk, and avoid duty by the sim ple process of drugging our souls with the narcotic of mean ingless phrasemongering. Mr. Hughes, to the exact contrary, embodies the ideal of service rendered through conscientious effort in the face of danger and difficulty. Mr. Wilson turns his words into deeds only if this can be achieved by adroit polit ical maneuvering, by bartering a debauched civil service for con gressional votes on behalf of some measure which he had solemnly promised to oppose. Our own self-respect demands that we support the man of deeds done in the open against the man of furtive and shifting political maneuvers the man of service against the man who whenever opposed by a danger ous foe always takes refuge in empty elocution. From the Speech of Col. Roosevelt at Bat tle Creek, Michigan, in Behalf of Mr. Hughes. GREAT GROWTH OF HUGHES NATIONAL COLLEGE LEAGUE. Thirty thousand college alumni have enrolled so far In tho Hughes National College League, oil Fifth avenue, New York. The oldest living graduate of Brown University which graduated Governor Hughes, enrolled this week. He Is Uov. John Huut of Springfield, Ohio, ninety-three years old, IJrown, 1S42. The league challenged the Woodrow Wilson College Men's League this week to join it in "having any repu table audit company in this city check np immediately from the original curds your actual enrollments of Princeton alumni and ours, your totul enrollments and ours, and your en rollments from any college you may select and ours." The college men in the National Guard along the Mexican border are joining in droves, according to the officers of the league, and many have written in to signify their discontent with the Administration's handling of the Mexican situation. William it. Moody, son of Dwight Lyman Moody, the famous evangelist, wrote to the league offering bis as sistance in Fast Northliold, Mass., and said: "I a in among those who feel very strongly that it would be a National disaster to have the present Admin istration continued another seasou, feeling deeply the humiliation to which our country has been subjected in the sight of the world, by the lack of any foreign policy, and by the vacillation of its dealings." MR. WILSON TOOK PLEAS URE IN EXTENDING THE HAND OF WELCOME TO CARRANZA. One of these "uncivilized" acts was committed on Septem ber 29th, when some of Carran za's soldiers captured an Ameri can trooper, killed him and cut off his head and ears. Exactly twenty days later, on October 19th, Mr. Wilson expressed "pleasure" in informing Carran za that he recognized him! Since the recognition, Carranza's troops by his orders have treacherously attacked and mur dered American soldiers on at least two occasions. If the acts above recited—which are merely samples of the course of con duct Carranza has already pur sued—do not constitute "in trigue and assassination, treach ery and violence," then the words have lost their meaning. Mr. Wilson took "pleasure" in "extending the hand of wel come" to Carranza, whose own hand Is red with the blood of murdered men and women of his own nation, and whose hands, unlike the hands of Huerta, were also red with the blood of murdered Americans, of murdered American civilians, and of murdered American sol |j diers wearing the American uni 8 form. But President Wilson eared j| as little for the deaths of these ft men as he cared for the honor if of the uniform. He with "pleas 3 ure" "extended the hand of -.vclcome" to the man guilty of their murder.—From the Speech of Colonel Roosevelt at Battle 3 Creek, Michigan, in Behalf of Mr. Hughes. TAMPICO SCUTTLE A CRAVEN AFFAIR,1 SAYS ROOSEVELT* Constituted So Grave an Offense" Against the Nation's Honor and Duty That the Man Responsible Should Be Removed From Office. WILSON CANNOT SHIELD HIMSELF BEHIND DANIELS Authentic Proof That Americans In Peril Were Deserted by Their Own Government Against the Protests of the Senior Naval Officer Present— Most Pusillanimous Episode in the Naval Annals of Our Country. Theodore ltoosevelt In a letter to Henry Kcutordahl, the uavul critic, criticises President Wilson and Secre tary Daniels in connection with the Tampico affair, when the American warships were withdrawn by order of the Administration. The colonel says: "You have presented authentic proof of how the Americans in peril at Tampico were deserted by their own govi'rnnient against the protest of the senior American naval officer present. You have shown thut the government at Washington bad full knowledge of the danger of the situation through telegrams from Admiral Mayo sent by wireless to the navy department on April 11, 12 and 13. You also give the telegram of Mr. Daniels of April 20 directing the admiral to pro ceed to Vera Cruz. Mayo Feared Loss of Life. "You have shown tiint Admiral Mayo made an emphatic, protest to the navy department, Staling that be feared the result of the squadron's leaving would be the loss of American lives and property. You also quote the telegrams sent by Admiral Mayo ihe following day, containing the pro test of the American consul, Mr. Miller, and requesting authority to remain at. Tampico. You have shown that, nevertheless, the navy depart ment on the 21st continued its previ ous orders and directed the ships to leuve nt once. "You have shown that the admiral put out into the ocean eight iniles distant, but received a protest from Consul Miller reiterating his demand for protection. You then quote the telegrams and signals of Admiral Mayo, who, in spite of his orders, nobly refused to run from the post of duty while the lives of Aniericuu men, women and children were in danger." Can't Hide Behind Daniels. Of the President and Secretary Daniels the colonel writes: "President Wilson cannot shield him self behind Mr. Daniels, for Mr. Dan iels .could do nothing thut the president does not order or sanction. When Mr. Daniels' actions have been brought to the attention of Mr. Wil son, and are not repudiated by him, (hey become Mr. Wilson's and Mr. Wilson Is fully and completely respon sible for Mr. Daniels, for all that be has done and left undone. "The proof is absolute that when Admiral Mayo was at Tampico he had received full knowledge of the rioting and of the imminent danger to Am erican lives but that, nevertheless, lie steamed away into the ocean, and ihat the Americans were rescued by ieruian and British ships. This ac tion constituted so grave an offense from the standpoint of national duty and self-respect, that any man re sponsible for it should be at once taken out of office. Facts Made Public in U. S. ".Shortly thereafter the facts were made public in the United States. If Admiral Mayo had been responsible and hud not acted under orders, then the only proper course for Secretary Daniels would have been to order his instant court-martial and In such case the failure to do so would have shifted the blame at once from the shoulders of Admiral Mayo to the shoulders of superiors, President Wilson and Secre tary Daniels. "Therefore, even if these telegrams did not exist, even If there had been no such orders, or those actually is sued by the secretary of the navy to Admiral Mayo, nevertheless, tils superiors, Secretary Daniels and President Wilson, would both have become fully responsible for the guilty transaction by their acquies cence therein. They cannot, as they have sought to do, shift the blame' to the shoulders of the admiral." The Soldier Vote. significant feature following the Maine election was the nature of the soldier vote. It is reported that one Maine bat talion hiked 00 miles in two days for the purpose of exercising the fran chise. And we know how they voted I Josephub Daniels might have made a passable secretary of the Salvation Navy, but It was pretty rough to Impose him on Uncle Sam's fighting navy. The British censorship Is delaying the United States malls almost as annoylngly aa Burleson's inefficiency.