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IN III Important Doings of Past Few Day* *V Throughout tho State. Edited and Arranged for Our Readers. FIVE MEN ARE DROWNED IN FLOOD AT BISMARCK Boat in Which They Were Going from Mandan to Bismarck Capsizes— Railroad Traffic Stopped. Bismarck, N. D. Five men were drowned and another Is believed to be dying as the result of the capsizing of a boat in the flood waters of the Mis souri river here. The dead: Ed Massey, automobile dealer, Mandan. Harry Barwind, Bis marck, salesman for a Duluth Arm. J. A. Vale, automobile salesman for a Minneapolis firm. A. A. Von Hagen, grain salesmen for a Minneapolis com pany. Ned Prentice, salesman, Bis marck, formerly of Minneapolis. M. H. Lang, Mandan, rescucd by Roy Frost, is in a serious condition and his life is despaired of. Bccauso the high waters of the Mis souri had suspended railroad traffic, Lang and Massey were taking the oth ers in a small boat from Mandan to Bismarck. The terrific current and tho high wind were too much for the oarsmen and the boat was overturned. More thau a mile of railroad em bankments have been washed away between Bismarck and Mandan and officials said that it would be at least fivo days before rail traffic could be resumed. HUNDREDS ARE DRIVEN FROM HOMES BY FLOOD Missouri River Overflows Banks From Bismarck South to the State Line. Bismarck. Choked with ice from Its upper reaches, the Missouri river has overflown its banks, flooding the lowlands between Bismarck and the South Dakota line and driving more than 100 families from their homes. While Forecaster Roberts was send ing warnings both up and down stream, about thirty families resid ing near the river here prepared to move if the river continued to rise. The water is six inches over the railroad tracks on the tlats a half mi'e cast of Mandan. Forecaster Roberts remained at his post in the Federal weather bureau. Bonding out warnings. Messengers were dispatched on horseback so far south as Hartford, thirty-five miles from Bismarck, warning all rivet resi dents to move at once. SEEDING QUITE GENERAL THROUGHOUT THE STATE Farmers Using Precautions in Prepar ing Soil Because of Poor Quality of Seed. Fargo. Spring farming operations are general over the southern section of North Dakota, according to advices brought to Fargo by traveling men aird others who have been out over the region. Farmers, it is believed, are using extra precautions this sea eon in preparing their soil, because of the fact that so many have compara tively poor seed. Spr-'ng operations are well under way iu practically the entire state. Calf With 2 Heads and 2 Tails. Hillsboro. A freak calf hazing two heads, four front legs, two tails nnd many other admirable features appeared on the farm of Orlando lleckie, a well-known farmer of this vicinity. "Now," said Mr. Heckle, "1 shall labor no more on the farm. 1 will sell this freak calf and be rich." His good fortune was short lived, however, for not only did the calf perish, but also its mother, which was one of his best cows. Farm Loan Association. Glen Ullin. A local farm loan as sociation lias been organized at Glen Ullin by County Agent A. J. Gaumnitz with the following otticers: O. Mc Grath, president Leonard Lidstrom, secretary Fred Uraun and Jacob Scliinipp, directors. Other members of the association are Anton Feiber ger, Carl Kennischitzki, F. W. McDon ald, Franz Mueller, Ludwig Roth. Jacob Erwerat and Paul Scliultz. Pastors Support Wilson. Grand Forks. Pastors comprising the Pembina Presbvterv gathered in Grand Forks for their annual session and pledged their loyally to the gov ernment. To Place Farm Loans. Berthold. The directors of the Bertho!d National Farm Loan associa tion met and completed the organiza tion with Mr. O. A. Hagen of Berthold, president John Kassens of Lone Tree, secretary-treasurer. This asso ciation will place loans in the terri tory tributary to Des Lacs. Lonetree, Berthold, Hartland and Foxholm. The Interest rate will fluctuate with the bond market of the world, which at present allows loans to farmers at nearly 5 per cent on any length of time up to 40 years. REFERENDUM IS ASKED BY ANTI-SUFFRAGISTS Claim Act Passed by Recent Legislfr ture Is Illegal and Want Popular Vote. Fargo. The so-called limited wom en suffrage act passed by the state legislature will be referred to the peo ple for a vote, if the campaign to b« launched next week by the North Da kota Association Opposed to Women Suffrage proceeds. Referendum petitions will be cir culated throughout the state, and in placing them in circulation, the as sociation has come forward with a statement explanatory of its position. The association contends the state 2 years ago vetoed suffrage down most emphatically and that most wom en do not want the ballot, and that the attempt at establishing legislative suffrage is unconstitutional. ARTESIAN WELL IS COSTLY Caves in and Does Much Damage at at Sheldon. Sheldon. The old artesian well In this city caved in and the surface of the ground around it was let down at least seventy-five feet, causing a cav ity thirty-five feet across. Men have been kept near the place digging ditches to let the water keep its old course. The situation is seri ous and it is difficult to determine what can bo done to bring results. This well has already cost the vil lage $5,000 aside from the amount that was spent at the time of digging. It is now evident that several thou sand dollars will be needed to do the necessary work of repairing the dam ages. Buildings in the vicinity of the well have settled and a great deal of damage has been done to them. FARG0AN ON DEFENSE BODY David Coates Named Through Influ ence of Gompers. Fargo. David C. Coates, known in North Dakota because of his connec tion with the Nonpartisan league, has been appointed to membership of ad visory committee of the Council of National Defense, a committee of business and professional men of the United States. Mr. Coates is now in Spokane. The appointment was made through the instrumentality of Samuel Gom pers, president of the American Fed eration of Labor, and chairman of the advisory committee of the council. Mr. Gompers is a personal friend of Mr. Coates. DEPUTY SHERIFF IS SLAIN Killed by Man on Whom He Was Serving Papers. llankinson. Evan M. Jones, for mer sheriff and prominent politician, was shot and instantly killed by Fred Meske when he attempted to serve papers, as a deputy sheriff. Jones was accompanied by three deputies and Meske opened fire with a repeating shotgun, killing Jones and slightly wounding D. S. Mclll wan. Meske gave himself up. To prevent any possible trouble the pris oner was taken to Wahpeton for safe keeping. Girl as Recruiting Officer. Jamestown. In accordance with the request of Lieut. James D. Wilson of the U. S. N., Mayor Flint has ap pointed Miss Emily Parkinson to se cure enlistments for the navy and navy militia. Miss Parkinson will be given a uniform and it is expected that she will have little difficulty in securing Jamestown's full quota of recruits. Teachers Elect Officers. Minot. Officers of the Northwest ern Education association elected at the convention here are: President, W. F. Clartv, Minot normal first vice president. Supt. I^awhite, Williston second vice president. Supt. Sara Guss, Pierce county secretarv, Edith Stadium, Minot public schools treas urer. Supt. L. M. Rochne, Renville county. Large Flag Is Unfurled. Grand Forks. Employes of the Red River Power company have un furled a huge American flag from the top of the 1 "Si-foot smokestack of the local plant. The flag is the largest in the city and is at a greater altitude than others now displayed in Grand t-orks. League Head Is Sued. Fur^o. A. C. Townley. president of the North Dakota Nonpartisan league, has been made one of eight defendants In a suit for $50,000 dam ages brought by State Senator J. A. Englund of Kenmare in the Ward county district court. Libel is alleged. Billy Sunday's Niece Weds. Jamestown. Miss Ruth Sunday, daughter of H. E. Sunday of Wood worth, and niece of Billy Sunday, the evangelist, was married to Ben S. Bryan, also of Woodworth. Need for Farm Laborers. Minneapolis. North Dakota grain raisers are crying for men to aid them in getting in their crops, it is an nounced by John H. Rich, chairman of the Minneapolis Federal Reserve bank. More than 1,000 men will' be needed to meet the requirements of the ranch ers, Mr. Rich said. Information com ing to the government is the result of an inquiry sent into the country. More than 50 places have responded with calls for help. The labor shortage at the various points viries from five to 150 men. THE HOPE PIONEER DEPOSITS IN STATE BANKS SHOW $2,000,000 SINCE LAST STATE MENT WAS MADE. DOINGS AT STATE CAPITOL What Is Transpiring in tho Different Departments Where the Affairs of 8tate Government Are Administered. Bismarck. A trifle more than 103 millions of dollars represent the present re sources of North Dakota's '682 state banks and four trust companies, as reported to State Examiner J. R. Wa ters in response to a call issued March 5. The principal items going to make np these resources is found in de posits, which have increased over two million since the last call was made. Time certificates show a gain of over $288,000, and the increase in surplus is more than $350,000. All of these gains have been made since Decem ber 27, 1916. No Bids for Meat Supply. Not a single bid on fresh meats for the penal and charitable institutions of the state was received by the board of control from the "Big Four" of the packing Industry, when estimates were called for on supplies for the ensuing quarter. Representatives of the packers ad vised the board that r.o large con tracts are being accepted, as the plants are holding themselves in read iness to immediately supply the need of Uncle Sam's soldiers. The entire output lias been pledged the government. Beef for which the board contract ed from smaller packers cost $15 the hundred as compared with $11.40 six months ago. Shoes which cost the board $2.35 a year ago. now are listed at $3.70. The high cost of liv ing has hit the state with a vengeance. Fire Marshal Issues Order. A. H. Runge, state lire marshal, has issued an order to all school princi pals that pupils must not be allowed to go to uie cloak room for their coats or hats in a fire drill. Several schools in the state have been reported where this practice was followed. "In case of a fire," says Mr. Runge, "this delay would mean the lives of many pupils. We will see that thi3 order is carried out to the letter. The law provides that two fire drills must law provides that two lire drills must be held a month." Soldiers' Pensions Being Allowed. Vouchers for soldiers' pensions cov ering service on the Mexican border are being allowed by the state auditor as fast as they are presented and re turned to the banks to which the troopers have assigned them. Should the number of vouchers ex ceed the amount of the state's fund of $50,000, some of the banks may be required to hold these certificates for two years, or until the legis'a ture makes up the deficit. Each voucher calls for $80, and 750 North Dakota National Guardsmen were mustered out of the federal service at Fort Snelling in February. How many of these are entitled to the pension of $10 per month provided by the Fifteenth assembly has not yet been ascertained. At the capitol there is thought to be no question that the legislature will make up the deficiency. To Address Pedagogues. Governor L. J. Frazier will be one of the speakers at the ninth annual convention of the Missouri Slope Edu cation association convention at Dick inson April 27 and 28. Compulsory Law Abrogated. Attorney General William Langer has announced an opinion to the ef fect that the state compulsory educa tion law. requiring the attendance of children at public schools, lias been automatically abrogated to a certain extent by virtue of the labor shortage, and that farm children of a certain age may stay out of school to aid in farm work. International complica tions and the worlds need for farm products, are cited by the attorney general in a letter he has addressed to school officials, as justification for permitting the older children to stay out of school to aid in farm work. Nucleus for Another Regiment. A nucleus for a second regiment of the North Dakota national guard is offered in requests from every part of North Dakota for the organi zation of new companies. Among more recent petitions for permis sion to organize are those from Un derwood, Beach and Crosby. Tht governor's mail is filled with com munications from patriotic communi ties which desire to do their share in the hour of the nation's peril, and the files are being immediately re ferred to Adjutant General Tharalson. Permission to Absorb. Through an order of the insurance commission the Pioneer Life Insurance Co. of Ffergo, which has in force. $18, 000,000 worth of insurance, of which $16,000,000 covers North Dakota risks, will be absorbed by the Lincoln Na tional Life Insurance Co. of Ft. Wayne. Ind. The commission passed ra.voi ably on the Pioneer's petition for the reinsurance of Its business in and con solidation with the Lincoln life, the commission setting forth its belief that all policyholders and shareholders in the Pioueer company are amply pro tec ted. SEIZE INTERNED GERMAN VESSELS Authorities Take Over Ships That Have Long B$en Held in American Ports. TOTAL VALUE IS ENORMOUS Some of the Finest Ships Afloat Are Among Those Taken—Ellis Island Receives Officers and Crews of Those in New York Waters. New York, April 6.—Germany's $51, 300,000 mercantile fleet, which had been interned here since the outbreak of the war, was seized by the United States only a few hours after con gress passed the resolution declaring a state of war. There were 27 passen ger liners, freighters nnd sailing ships in the fleet, among them the Vater land, one of the largest and finest pas senger liners In the world. The German officers and crews, numbering more than 3,000 men, were taken to Ellis island for internment. ft was leurned that the machinery on some of the ships was smashed. United States naval men will make a thorough examination of the vessels to determine the exact extent of the damage. The ships seized in this port aggre gated 304.000 tons. Eleven of them displaced more than 10,000 tons. The mighty Vaterland is a leviathan of 51.284 tons and cost $7..r00,00(i. The German officers and sailors on the ships made no resistance when the United States officials went on board. Nor did they murmur when told to prepare to go to the immigration sta tion at Ellis island. A whole fleet of customs boats swarmed in llie Hud son collecting the Germans. Here is tlie official list of the seized ships in all ports as given out by the customs officials: NEW YORK. Tonnage. Pr. Grant 1S.072 Pr. Lincoln 1S.168 Vaterland 5t,2S3 Nassovia 3,!M2 Armenia 5.-164 Bohemia 8.416 Pisa 4.9*7 Pennsylvania 13,333 Harburg 4,472 Magdeburg 4,497 Adamsturm 5.000 Matador (bark) 1.46S Geo. Washington 2.1.570 Kaiser Wilhelm II 19.361 Fried, der Grosse 10,771 Prinzess Irene 10.SS3 Grosser Kurfuerst 13.102 Barbarossa 10.9S3 Hamburg 10.531 Koenig Wilhelm II 9.410 Allemania 4.630 Prlnz Ettel Friedrieh 4.650 Prinz Joachim 4.760 flata" 'ortoiffa 2. *»S 2,555 Clara Mennig 1.6S5 Indra (ship) 1.746 Value. $1,244,480 1,246,840 8,0U),000 •W.vOO 135.400 209.529 125.920 641.OS0 117,480 126,360 5,500.000 4,000,000 900.000 1,250.000 1,500.000 1.250,000 556. W0 230.500 99,000 316.340 319.240 69.761 65.400 40.200 BOSTON. Amerika. 22.622 Cincinnati 16.530 Koeln 7.409 Kronprlnz'n Cecllie 11,503 Ockenfels 5.621 Wltteklnd S 640 Prlnz Oskar 6.02ii Rhaetia 6.600 NEW ORLEANS. LA. Andromeda 2 554 Breslau 7.524 Georgia 3.143 Teresa 3.7«9 Libenfels 4.525 WILMINGTON. N. C. Kiel 4.494 Nicaria 3.794 1,545,000 1.1SO.OCO 256.460 3.000.(V» 141.720 141.2S0 PUGET SOUND. Arnoldus Vinnen l.'W) Dalbek (bark) 2.723 Kurt (bark) ....:*. 3.10» Saxonla 4,424 Steinbek 2.1H4 11.2S0 BALTIMORE. 11.440 9.S35 10.050 PHILADELPHIA. Bulgaria Neckar Rliein .. 3S«.72S 345 000 355.920 S51.W 165.640 84.SS8 95.240 NEWPORT NEWS. Vrcadia 5.545 Budapest 3,651 Kronprinz Wilhelm 14.90S Prinz Eltel Frederioh 4. 136.48i 92.S40 316.S10 CHARLESTON. S. C. SAVANNAH. Hohenfelde 2.974 NEW LONDON. CONN. Willehad 4.761 65.4S0 120.480 JACKSONVILLE. FLA. Freda Leonhardt 2.7» PKNSACOLA. FLA. Rudolph Blumberg 1.769 Vogesen 3 71ti GALVESTON. TEX. Morawitz 4.795 SAN FRANCISCO CAL. Ottawa (bark) 2.742 Serapis 4.75ti •jcuverneur Jaeschke 1.7"9 Helsatia 5 641 rxjogmoon 1.971 Lcc'-hun 1 '557 Poramern 6.557 Prinz Walrtemar 3.227 Setos 4.730 StaatsspkrPtaer Kra 2 148.000 122.730 MANILA. Andalusia Boehum Camilla Rickmers .. Cnb'enz r-lai-a Jebscn Carl tVedrici.sen Flmshorn Elsass Fsslingen Vark Raja Sarh^en lamb'a •'uevla Tueblngen 5.133 6.161 5.130 3.130 1 1.243 4. "'"4 6.591 4 6 579 5 6-12 5.'*V7 4.765 3.7S0 HONOLT'Ll". 41 SOI 14!.32'i 49.C01 40.fc» 163.440 61.4*1 123.36-1 41.000 SAN JUAN. PORTO RICO. Farn 4.139 Odenwald 3 537 Praesident 3.000 Hawaiian Offi'-er Ousted. Honolulu. T. H.—The resignation of Lieut. Col. Charles \V. Ziegler of the Hawaiian National Guard has been tendered. Brig. Gen. Frederick S. Strong. United States army, demanded the resignation because the colonel presided February 7 at a meeting here of the German-American alliance at which a resolution was adopted de manding thnt the question of war with Germany should be submitted to popu lar vote, and at which speeches which Jeneral Strong reegarried as disloyal asxel unrebuked by Colonel Ziegler. Text of the joint resolution adopted by congress, declaring a state of war between the United States and Germany: "Whereas, The imperial Ger man government has committed repeated acts of war against the government nnd the people of the United States of America therefore, be It "Resolved, by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of America in congress assembled. That the state of war between the Unit ed States and the Imperial Gy man government which has thus been thrust upon the United States is hereby formally de clared and that the president be,* and he Is hereby, authorized nnd directed to employ the en tire naval and military forces of the United States and the re sources of the government to carry on war against the Impe rial German government and to bring the conflict to a suc cessful ..termination, nil of the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the congress of the United States." All six of the senators who voted ngainst the resolution were members of the group of twelve which de feated the armed neutrality bill at the last session. There was no attempt to filibuster this time, however. Thirteen Hour Debate. Thirteen hours of heated debate preceded the vote. Party lines dis appeared in this discussion nnd Repub licans Joined with Democrats In sound ing the call to the nation to support the president unitedly. The little group opposed to the reso lution drew fire from every side. Sen ator La Follette, defending Germany and heaping blame upon England, was informed by Senator Williams thnt Dr. von Bethinann-Hollweg, the German chancellor, would have made the same speech In the reiclistag had he been Imbued with sufficient effrontery. Senator Norris. charging that the United States Is going to war at the behest of the munition barons of Wall street, drew from Senator Heed the re tort that such an accusation is "al most treason." The assertion that the nation was go ing to war on the demand of gold, he said, was "an indictment of the presi dent of the United States, an indict ment of congress, of the American peo ple. nnd of the truth." "The president is not calling Amer ica to arms for the sake of few paltry dollars," Senator Ileed contin ued, "but for the life, honor, and In tegrity of this country." Introduced by Hitchcock. In introducing the resolution into the senate. Senator Hitchcock made a brief statement in which he said that the present time was one "for action, not discussion." "The time for discussion has passed." he said. -The president has stated clearly, effectively, more con clusively the reasons which make this grave step necessary. The resolution provides for war against the imperial German government. it places re sponsibility for the war squarely upon Villa to Be "Neutral." El Paso, Tex.. April Viliin will he an "incorruptible neutral" iu the event of war between the United States and Germany, it was annouueed by leaders of the Villa Junta here, after the arrival of a courier with this DECLARES STATE OF BETWEEN IU Adopts Joint Resolution That Places This Country in the Ranks of the Belligerents—Six Senators Vote Against Measure* After Hot Debate—Great Majority in the House Favors the Action. 5 CXMCQOOOOOOOOQOCdOCQOOOOOO Washington, April G.—The United States is now formally enlisted among the belligerents In the great war, for congress has adopted the resolution declaring a state of war between this country and Germany, brought on by the Imperial government's repented hostile acts. The senate was the first to act on the war resolution nnd adopted it by a vote of 82 to G. The six senators who voted against the resolution for war were: ASLE J. GRONNA, Republican, North Dakota. HARRY LANE, Democrat, Oregon. R. M. LA FOLLETTE, Republican, Wisconsin. G. W. NORRIS, Republican, Ne braska. WILLIAM J. STONE, Democrat, Missouri. J. K. VARDAMAN, Democrat, Mis sissippi. There were eight senators absent or paired. They were: Bankhead. Goff, Gore, Hollls, Newlands. Smith of Maryland, Thomas, and Tillman. Of those absent It was announced that all except Senator Gore of Oklahoma against the resolution were members would have voted for the resolution If present. mes sage direct from Villa's camp In Mex ico. Villa wants Mexico to avoid any entangling alliances. He Is expected to make statement defining his atti tude. which will be sent out by nies euger as soon as news of war reaches the shoulders of the German govern' tnent, charged with repeated acts of war against the United States. "We want no more territory. We will demand no Indemnity. We have no grudge to settle, nor racial anti pathy. We will spend our treasure and our blood and sacrifice our lived without the thought of gain. We are going to war to vindicate our honor and independence as a great nation and in defense of humanity. "Such quarrel as we have with Ger many is not of our choosing. It was forced upon us and we did much to avoid It. For nearly three years the president, congress, and the American people have hoped to avoid It. But one desperate act by the imperial Ger man government has followed an other." German Pledges Broken. Senator Hitchcock was followed by Senator Swanson of Virginia, who said the German government "has repeat edly and grossly violated Its treaty ob ligations to us, and wantonly broken solemn assurances." "The issue is not peace or war," Sen ator Swanson continued. "War has al ready been declared upon us. The is sue Is whether we shall accept war or abject and cowardly submission." Reciting the sinking of Americnn ships, German plots, and outrages in this country. Senator Swanson said the Zimmermann plot to Incite Mexico against this country "reaches the low est depths of national turpitude." Many other senators took part In the debate, Gronna, Stone, Vardatnan, Norris and LaFoIIette, all opposing the resolution. Senator Smoot made the last speech —a short prayer that God would "hasten the day when liberty will be enjoyed by all the peoples of the earth." The roll call was taken while the senators and spectators sat solemn. A few cheers greeted the result and then, all filed quietly out of the chamber. House Vote, 373 to 50. The house, after a debate lasting about seventeen hours, ^adopted the Joint resolution by a vote of 378 to 50. Nearly a hundred representatives made speeches. In offering the senate resolution as a substitute for its own, the house for eign affairs committee submitted long report reviewing the history of submarine warfare and America's fu tile protests against It, German in trigues and bomb plots In this country, the effort to ally Japan and Mexico against the United States and the mis treatment of American officials and citizens in Germany. "It is with the deepest sense of re sponsibility for the momentous results which will follow .the passage of this resolution," said the report, "that your committee reports It to the house, with the recommendation that it be passed. "The conduct of the Imperial Ger man government toward this govern ment, its citizens and its Interests, has been so discourteous, unjust, cruel, barbarous, and so lacking In honesty and practice that has constituted a violation of the course of conduct which should obtain between friendly nations. "In addition to this the German gov ernment Is actually making war upon the people and commerce of this coun try, nnd leaves no course open to this government but to nccept its gage of battle and declare that a state of war exists." Flood Opens the Debate. Under the unanimous consent rule by which the resolution was considered Representative Flood could move the previous question at any time nfter one hour and, if sustained, bring the meas ure to a vote. He was disposed, how ever, to give members every opportu nity to speak throughout the day. The debate began without any limitation. "War is being made upon our coun try and its people." Representative Flood said in opening. "Our ships are being sunk. Our noncombatant citi zens. including men. women nnd chil dren. are being murdered, our mer chantmen nre denied the freedom of the seas. There is no choice as to our course. We are compelled by the acts of the German government to enter In to this most colossal war. "We should take our stand by the side of the allied nations who have been fighting humanity's battles for two and one-half years, determined that our power shall be so employed that complete victory shall crown their efforts and that Prussian militarism shall be crushed nnd the world shall be delivered from the threat and danger of the llohenxollern dynasty." Edison Toils on War Devices. Washington. April (J.—Somewhere on the seaboard, guarded from prylnu eyes, Thomas A. Edison and a little group of super-Inventors are working hard—plotting Germany's downfall. Just what the brain children are— Just how far they will upset all past methods of warfare—and Just how far the German government will come to fear tills little group of workers, Is yet to be reveuled. Other than a small Inner circle of governmental expert* their activities are known to no one.