of Past Few Day* *V
State. Edited and
Arranged for Our
FIVE MEN ARE DROWNED
IN FLOOD AT BISMARCK
Boat in Which They Were Going from
Mandan to Bismarck Capsizes—
Railroad Traffic Stopped.
Bismarck, N. D. Five men were
drowned and another Is believed to be
dying as the result of the capsizing of
a boat in the flood waters of the Mis
souri river here.
The dead: Ed Massey, automobile
dealer, Mandan. Harry Barwind, Bis
marck, salesman for a Duluth Arm.
J. A. Vale, automobile salesman for a
Minneapolis firm. A. A. Von Hagen,
grain salesmen for a Minneapolis com
pany. Ned Prentice, salesman, Bis
marck, formerly of Minneapolis.
M. H. Lang, Mandan, rescucd by
Roy Frost, is in a serious condition
and his life is despaired of.
Bccauso the high waters of the Mis
souri had suspended railroad traffic,
Lang and Massey were taking the oth
ers in a small boat from Mandan to
Bismarck. The terrific current and
tho high wind were too much for the
oarsmen and the boat was overturned.
More thau a mile of railroad em
bankments have been washed away
between Bismarck and Mandan and
officials said that it would be at least
fivo days before rail traffic could be
HUNDREDS ARE DRIVEN
FROM HOMES BY FLOOD
Missouri River Overflows Banks From
Bismarck South to the State
Bismarck. Choked with ice from
Its upper reaches, the Missouri river
has overflown its banks, flooding the
lowlands between Bismarck and the
South Dakota line and driving more
than 100 families from their homes.
While Forecaster Roberts was send
ing warnings both up and down
stream, about thirty families resid
ing near the river here prepared to
move if the river continued to rise.
The water is six inches over the
railroad tracks on the tlats a half
mi'e cast of Mandan.
Forecaster Roberts remained at his
post in the Federal weather bureau.
Bonding out warnings. Messengers
were dispatched on horseback so far
south as Hartford, thirty-five miles
from Bismarck, warning all rivet resi
dents to move at once.
SEEDING QUITE GENERAL
THROUGHOUT THE STATE
Farmers Using Precautions in Prepar
ing Soil Because of Poor Quality
Fargo. Spring farming operations
are general over the southern section
of North Dakota, according to advices
brought to Fargo by traveling men
aird others who have been out over
the region. Farmers, it is believed,
are using extra precautions this sea
eon in preparing their soil, because of
the fact that so many have compara
tively poor seed. Spr-'ng operations
are well under way iu practically the
Calf With 2 Heads and 2 Tails.
Hillsboro. A freak calf hazing
two heads, four front legs, two tails
nnd many other admirable features
appeared on the farm of Orlando
lleckie, a well-known farmer of this
"Now," said Mr. Heckle, "1 shall
labor no more on the farm. 1 will
sell this freak calf and be rich."
His good fortune was short lived,
however, for not only did the calf
perish, but also its mother, which was
one of his best cows.
Farm Loan Association.
Glen Ullin. A local farm loan as
sociation lias been organized at Glen
Ullin by County Agent A. J. Gaumnitz
with the following otticers: O. Mc
Grath, president Leonard Lidstrom,
secretary Fred Uraun and Jacob
Scliinipp, directors. Other members
of the association are Anton Feiber
ger, Carl Kennischitzki, F. W. McDon
ald, Franz Mueller, Ludwig Roth.
Jacob Erwerat and Paul Scliultz.
Pastors Support Wilson.
Grand Forks. Pastors comprising
the Pembina Presbvterv gathered in
Grand Forks for their annual session
and pledged their loyally to the gov
To Place Farm Loans.
Berthold. The directors of the
Bertho!d National Farm Loan associa
tion met and completed the organiza
tion with Mr. O. A. Hagen of Berthold,
president John Kassens of Lone
Tree, secretary-treasurer. This asso
ciation will place loans in the terri
tory tributary to Des Lacs. Lonetree,
Berthold, Hartland and Foxholm. The
Interest rate will fluctuate with the
bond market of the world, which at
present allows loans to farmers at
nearly 5 per cent on any length of
time up to 40 years.
REFERENDUM IS ASKED
Claim Act Passed by Recent Legislfr
ture Is Illegal and Want
Fargo. The so-called limited wom
en suffrage act passed by the state
legislature will be referred to the peo
ple for a vote, if the campaign to b«
launched next week by the North Da
kota Association Opposed to Women
Referendum petitions will be cir
culated throughout the state, and in
placing them in circulation, the as
sociation has come forward with a
statement explanatory of its position.
The association contends the state 2
years ago vetoed suffrage down most
emphatically and that most wom
en do not want the ballot, and that
the attempt at establishing legislative
suffrage is unconstitutional.
ARTESIAN WELL IS COSTLY
Caves in and Does Much Damage at
Sheldon. The old artesian well In
this city caved in and the surface of
the ground around it was let down at
least seventy-five feet, causing a cav
ity thirty-five feet across.
Men have been kept near the place
digging ditches to let the water keep
its old course. The situation is seri
ous and it is difficult to determine
what can bo done to bring results.
This well has already cost the vil
lage $5,000 aside from the amount
that was spent at the time of digging.
It is now evident that several thou
sand dollars will be needed to do the
necessary work of repairing the dam
Buildings in the vicinity of the well
have settled and a great deal of
damage has been done to them.
FARG0AN ON DEFENSE BODY
David Coates Named Through Influ
ence of Gompers.
Fargo. David C. Coates, known in
North Dakota because of his connec
tion with the Nonpartisan league, has
been appointed to membership of ad
visory committee of the Council of
National Defense, a committee of
business and professional men of the
United States. Mr. Coates is now in
The appointment was made through
the instrumentality of Samuel Gom
pers, president of the American Fed
eration of Labor, and chairman of the
advisory committee of the council.
Mr. Gompers is a personal friend of
DEPUTY SHERIFF IS SLAIN
Killed by Man on Whom He Was
llankinson. Evan M. Jones, for
mer sheriff and prominent politician,
was shot and instantly killed by Fred
Meske when he attempted to serve
papers, as a deputy sheriff.
Jones was accompanied by three
deputies and Meske opened fire with
a repeating shotgun, killing Jones
and slightly wounding D. S. Mclll
wan. Meske gave himself up. To
prevent any possible trouble the pris
oner was taken to Wahpeton for safe
Girl as Recruiting Officer.
Jamestown. In accordance with
the request of Lieut. James D. Wilson
of the U. S. N., Mayor Flint has ap
pointed Miss Emily Parkinson to se
cure enlistments for the navy and
navy militia. Miss Parkinson will be
given a uniform and it is expected
that she will have little difficulty in
securing Jamestown's full quota of
Teachers Elect Officers.
Minot. Officers of the Northwest
ern Education association elected at
the convention here are: President,
W. F. Clartv, Minot normal first vice
president. Supt. I^awhite, Williston
second vice president. Supt. Sara
Guss, Pierce county secretarv, Edith
Stadium, Minot public schools treas
urer. Supt. L. M. Rochne, Renville
Large Flag Is Unfurled.
Grand Forks. Employes of the
Red River Power company have un
furled a huge American flag from the
top of the 1 "Si-foot smokestack of the
local plant. The flag is the largest in
the city and is at a greater altitude
than others now displayed in Grand
League Head Is Sued.
Fur^o. A. C. Townley. president
of the North Dakota Nonpartisan
league, has been made one of eight
defendants In a suit for $50,000 dam
ages brought by State Senator J. A.
Englund of Kenmare in the Ward
county district court. Libel is alleged.
Billy Sunday's Niece Weds.
Jamestown. Miss Ruth Sunday,
daughter of H. E. Sunday of Wood
worth, and niece of Billy Sunday, the
evangelist, was married to Ben S.
Bryan, also of Woodworth.
Need for Farm Laborers.
Minneapolis. North Dakota grain
raisers are crying for men to aid them
in getting in their crops, it is an
nounced by John H. Rich, chairman of
the Minneapolis Federal Reserve bank.
More than 1,000 men will' be needed
to meet the requirements of the ranch
ers, Mr. Rich said. Information com
ing to the government is the result of
an inquiry sent into the country. More
than 50 places have responded with
calls for help. The labor shortage at
the various points viries from five to
THE HOPE PIONEER
DEPOSITS IN STATE BANKS SHOW
$2,000,000 SINCE LAST STATE
MENT WAS MADE.
DOINGS AT STATE CAPITOL
What Is Transpiring in tho Different
Departments Where the Affairs of
8tate Government Are
A trifle more than 103 millions of
dollars represent the present re
sources of North Dakota's '682 state
banks and four trust companies, as
reported to State Examiner J. R. Wa
ters in response to a call issued
The principal items going to make
np these resources is found in de
posits, which have increased over two
million since the last call was made.
Time certificates show a gain of over
$288,000, and the increase in surplus
is more than $350,000. All of these
gains have been made since Decem
ber 27, 1916.
No Bids for Meat Supply.
Not a single bid on fresh meats for
the penal and charitable institutions
of the state was received by the board
of control from the "Big Four" of the
packing Industry, when estimates
were called for on supplies for the
Representatives of the packers ad
vised the board that r.o large con
tracts are being accepted, as the
plants are holding themselves in read
iness to immediately supply the need
of Uncle Sam's soldiers.
The entire output lias been pledged
Beef for which the board contract
ed from smaller packers cost $15 the
hundred as compared with $11.40
six months ago. Shoes which cost
the board $2.35 a year ago. now are
listed at $3.70. The high cost of liv
ing has hit the state with a vengeance.
Fire Marshal Issues Order.
A. H. Runge, state lire marshal, has
issued an order to all school princi
pals that pupils must not be allowed
to go to uie cloak room for their coats
or hats in a fire drill.
Several schools in the state have
been reported where this practice
"In case of a fire," says Mr. Runge,
"this delay would mean the lives of
many pupils. We will see that thi3
order is carried out to the letter. The
law provides that two fire drills must
law provides that two lire drills must
be held a month."
Soldiers' Pensions Being Allowed.
Vouchers for soldiers' pensions cov
ering service on the Mexican border
are being allowed by the state auditor
as fast as they are presented and re
turned to the banks to which the
troopers have assigned them.
Should the number of vouchers ex
ceed the amount of the state's fund
of $50,000, some of the banks may
be required to hold these certificates
for two years, or until the legis'a
ture makes up the deficit. Each
voucher calls for $80, and 750 North
Dakota National Guardsmen were
mustered out of the federal service
at Fort Snelling in February. How
many of these are entitled to the
pension of $10 per month provided
by the Fifteenth assembly has not
yet been ascertained.
At the capitol there is thought to
be no question that the legislature
will make up the deficiency.
To Address Pedagogues.
Governor L. J. Frazier will be one
of the speakers at the ninth annual
convention of the Missouri Slope Edu
cation association convention at Dick
inson April 27 and 28.
Compulsory Law Abrogated.
Attorney General William Langer
has announced an opinion to the ef
fect that the state compulsory educa
tion law. requiring the attendance of
children at public schools, lias been
automatically abrogated to a certain
extent by virtue of the labor shortage,
and that farm children of a certain
age may stay out of school to aid in
farm work. International complica
tions and the worlds need for farm
products, are cited by the attorney
general in a letter he has addressed
to school officials, as justification for
permitting the older children to stay
out of school to aid in farm work.
Nucleus for Another Regiment.
A nucleus for a second regiment
of the North Dakota national guard
is offered in requests from every
part of North Dakota for the organi
zation of new companies. Among
more recent petitions for permis
sion to organize are those from Un
derwood, Beach and Crosby. Tht
governor's mail is filled with com
munications from patriotic communi
ties which desire to do their share
in the hour of the nation's peril, and
the files are being immediately re
ferred to Adjutant General Tharalson.
Permission to Absorb.
Through an order of the insurance
commission the Pioneer Life Insurance
Co. of Ffergo, which has in force. $18,
000,000 worth of insurance, of which
$16,000,000 covers North Dakota risks,
will be absorbed by the Lincoln Na
tional Life Insurance Co. of Ft. Wayne.
Ind. The commission passed ra.voi
ably on the Pioneer's petition for the
reinsurance of Its business in and con
solidation with the Lincoln life, the
commission setting forth its belief that
all policyholders and shareholders in
the Pioueer company are amply pro
Authorities Take Over Ships That
Have Long B$en Held in
TOTAL VALUE IS ENORMOUS
Some of the Finest Ships Afloat Are
Among Those Taken—Ellis Island
Receives Officers and Crews of
Those in New York Waters.
New York, April 6.—Germany's $51,
300,000 mercantile fleet, which had
been interned here since the outbreak
of the war, was seized by the United
States only a few hours after con
gress passed the resolution declaring
a state of war. There were 27 passen
ger liners, freighters nnd sailing ships
in the fleet, among them the Vater
land, one of the largest and finest pas
senger liners In the world.
The German officers and crews,
numbering more than 3,000 men, were
taken to Ellis island for internment.
ft was leurned that the machinery
on some of the ships was smashed.
United States naval men will make
a thorough examination of the vessels
to determine the exact extent of the
The ships seized in this port aggre
gated 304.000 tons. Eleven of them
displaced more than 10,000 tons. The
mighty Vaterland is a leviathan of
51.284 tons and cost $7..r00,00(i.
The German officers and sailors on
the ships made no resistance when the
United States officials went on board.
Nor did they murmur when told to
prepare to go to the immigration sta
tion at Ellis island. A whole fleet
of customs boats swarmed in llie Hud
son collecting the Germans.
Here is tlie official list of the seized
ships in all ports as given out by the
Pr. Grant 1S.072
Pr. Lincoln 1S.168
Matador (bark) 1.46S
Geo. Washington 2.1.570
Kaiser Wilhelm II 19.361
Fried, der Grosse 10,771
Prinzess Irene 10.SS3
Grosser Kurfuerst 13.102
Koenig Wilhelm II 9.410
Prlnz Ettel Friedrieh 4.650
Prinz Joachim 4.760
'ortoiffa 2. *»S
Clara Mennig 1.6S5
Indra (ship) 1.746
Kronprlnz'n Cecllie 11,503
Wltteklnd S 640
Prlnz Oskar 6.02ii
NEW ORLEANS. LA.
Andromeda 2 554
WILMINGTON. N. C.
Arnoldus Vinnen l.'W)
Dalbek (bark) 2.723
Kurt (bark) ....:*. 3.10»
Kronprinz Wilhelm 14.90S
Prinz Eltel Frederioh 4.
CHARLESTON. S. C.
NEW LONDON. CONN.
Freda Leonhardt 2.7»
Rudolph Blumberg 1.769
Vogesen 3 71ti
SAN FRANCISCO CAL.
Ottawa (bark) 2.742
•jcuverneur Jaeschke 1.7"9
Helsatia 5 641
Lcc'-hun 1 '557
Prinz Walrtemar 3.227
StaatsspkrPtaer Kra 2
Camilla Rickmers ..
SAN JUAN. PORTO RICO.
Odenwald 3 537
Hawaiian Offi'-er Ousted.
Honolulu. T. H.—The resignation of
Lieut. Col. Charles \V. Ziegler of the
Hawaiian National Guard has been
tendered. Brig. Gen. Frederick S.
Strong. United States army, demanded
the resignation because the colonel
presided February 7 at a meeting
here of the German-American alliance
at which a resolution was adopted de
manding thnt the question of war with
Germany should be submitted to popu
lar vote, and at which speeches which
Jeneral Strong reegarried as disloyal
asxel unrebuked by Colonel Ziegler.
Text of the joint resolution
adopted by congress, declaring
a state of war between the
United States and Germany:
"Whereas, The imperial Ger
man government has committed
repeated acts of war against the
government nnd the people of
the United States of America
therefore, be It
"Resolved, by the senate and
house of representatives of the
United States of America in
congress assembled. That the
state of war between the Unit
ed States and the Imperial Gy
man government which has thus
been thrust upon the United
States is hereby formally de
clared and that the president
be,* and he Is hereby, authorized
nnd directed to employ the en
tire naval and military forces of
the United States and the re
sources of the government to
carry on war against the Impe
rial German government and
to bring the conflict to a suc
cessful ..termination, nil of the
resources of the country are
hereby pledged by the congress
of the United States."
All six of the senators who voted
ngainst the resolution were members
of the group of twelve which de
feated the armed neutrality bill at the
last session. There was no attempt
to filibuster this time, however.
Thirteen Hour Debate.
Thirteen hours of heated debate
preceded the vote. Party lines dis
appeared in this discussion nnd Repub
licans Joined with Democrats In sound
ing the call to the nation to support
the president unitedly.
The little group opposed to the reso
lution drew fire from every side. Sen
ator La Follette, defending Germany
and heaping blame upon England, was
informed by Senator Williams thnt Dr.
von Bethinann-Hollweg, the German
chancellor, would have made the same
speech In the reiclistag had he been
Imbued with sufficient effrontery.
Senator Norris. charging that the
United States Is going to war at the
behest of the munition barons of Wall
street, drew from Senator Heed the re
tort that such an accusation is "al
The assertion that the nation was go
ing to war on the demand of gold, he
said, was "an indictment of the presi
dent of the United States, an indict
ment of congress, of the American peo
ple. nnd of the truth."
"The president is not calling Amer
ica to arms for the sake of few
paltry dollars," Senator Ileed contin
ued, "but for the life, honor, and In
tegrity of this country."
Introduced by Hitchcock.
In introducing the resolution into
the senate. Senator Hitchcock made a
brief statement in which he said that
the present time was one "for action,
"The time for discussion has
passed." he said. -The president has
stated clearly, effectively, more con
clusively the reasons which make this
grave step necessary. The resolution
provides for war against the imperial
German government. it places re
sponsibility for the war squarely upon
Villa to Be "Neutral."
El Paso, Tex.. April Viliin will
he an "incorruptible neutral" iu the
event of war between the United
States and Germany, it was annouueed
by leaders of the Villa Junta here, after
the arrival of a courier with this
DECLARES STATE OF
Adopts Joint Resolution That Places This Country in the Ranks
of the Belligerents—Six Senators Vote Against Measure*
After Hot Debate—Great Majority in the House
Favors the Action.
Washington, April G.—The United
States is now formally enlisted among
the belligerents In the great war, for
congress has adopted the resolution
declaring a state of war between this
country and Germany, brought on by
the Imperial government's repented
The senate was the first to act on
the war resolution nnd adopted it by a
vote of 82 to G. The six senators who
voted against the resolution for war
ASLE J. GRONNA, Republican,
HARRY LANE, Democrat, Oregon.
R. M. LA FOLLETTE, Republican,
G. W. NORRIS, Republican, Ne
WILLIAM J. STONE, Democrat,
J. K. VARDAMAN, Democrat, Mis
There were eight senators absent or
paired. They were: Bankhead. Goff,
Gore, Hollls, Newlands. Smith of
Maryland, Thomas, and Tillman. Of
those absent It was announced that all
except Senator Gore of Oklahoma
against the resolution were members
would have voted for the resolution If
sage direct from Villa's camp In Mex
ico. Villa wants Mexico to avoid any
entangling alliances. He Is expected
to make statement defining his atti
tude. which will be sent out by nies
euger as soon as news of war reaches
the shoulders of the German govern'
tnent, charged with repeated acts of
war against the United States.
"We want no more territory. We
will demand no Indemnity. We have
no grudge to settle, nor racial anti
pathy. We will spend our treasure
and our blood and sacrifice our lived
without the thought of gain. We are
going to war to vindicate our honor
and independence as a great nation
and in defense of humanity.
"Such quarrel as we have with Ger
many is not of our choosing. It was
forced upon us and we did much to
avoid It. For nearly three years the
president, congress, and the American
people have hoped to avoid It. But
one desperate act by the imperial Ger
man government has followed an
German Pledges Broken.
Senator Hitchcock was followed by
Senator Swanson of Virginia, who said
the German government "has repeat
edly and grossly violated Its treaty ob
ligations to us, and wantonly broken
"The issue is not peace or war," Sen
ator Swanson continued. "War has al
ready been declared upon us. The is
sue Is whether we shall accept war or
abject and cowardly submission."
Reciting the sinking of Americnn
ships, German plots, and outrages in
this country. Senator Swanson said the
Zimmermann plot to Incite Mexico
against this country "reaches the low
est depths of national turpitude."
Many other senators took part In the
debate, Gronna, Stone, Vardatnan,
Norris and LaFoIIette, all opposing the
Senator Smoot made the last speech
—a short prayer that God would
"hasten the day when liberty will be
enjoyed by all the peoples of the
The roll call was taken while the
senators and spectators sat solemn. A
few cheers greeted the result and then,
all filed quietly out of the chamber.
House Vote, 373 to 50.
The house, after a debate lasting
about seventeen hours, ^adopted the
Joint resolution by a vote of 378 to 50.
Nearly a hundred representatives made
In offering the senate resolution as
a substitute for its own, the house for
eign affairs committee submitted
long report reviewing the history of
submarine warfare and America's fu
tile protests against It, German in
trigues and bomb plots In this country,
the effort to ally Japan and Mexico
against the United States and the mis
treatment of American officials and
citizens in Germany.
"It is with the deepest sense of re
sponsibility for the momentous results
which will follow .the passage of this
resolution," said the report, "that your
committee reports It to the house, with
the recommendation that it be passed.
"The conduct of the Imperial Ger
man government toward this govern
ment, its citizens and its Interests, has
been so discourteous, unjust, cruel,
barbarous, and so lacking In honesty
and practice that has constituted a
violation of the course of conduct
which should obtain between friendly
"In addition to this the German gov
ernment Is actually making war upon
the people and commerce of this coun
try, nnd leaves no course open to this
government but to nccept its gage of
battle and declare that a state of war
Flood Opens the Debate.
Under the unanimous consent rule
by which the resolution was considered
Representative Flood could move the
previous question at any time nfter one
hour and, if sustained, bring the meas
ure to a vote. He was disposed, how
ever, to give members every opportu
nity to speak throughout the day. The
debate began without any limitation.
"War is being made upon our coun
try and its people." Representative
Flood said in opening. "Our ships are
being sunk. Our noncombatant citi
zens. including men. women nnd chil
dren. are being murdered, our mer
chantmen nre denied the freedom of
the seas. There is no choice as to our
course. We are compelled by the acts
of the German government to enter In
to this most colossal war.
"We should take our stand by the
side of the allied nations who have
been fighting humanity's battles for
two and one-half years, determined
that our power shall be so employed
that complete victory shall crown their
efforts and that Prussian militarism
shall be crushed nnd the world shall be
delivered from the threat and danger
of the llohenxollern dynasty."
Edison Toils on War Devices.
Washington. April (J.—Somewhere on
the seaboard, guarded from prylnu
eyes, Thomas A. Edison and a little
group of super-Inventors are working
hard—plotting Germany's downfall.
Just what the brain children are—
Just how far they will upset all past
methods of warfare—and Just how far
the German government will come to
fear tills little group of workers, Is yet
to be reveuled. Other than a small
Inner circle of governmental expert*
their activities are known to no one.
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