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HOW "PUSSYFOOrJOHNSON WHO OUT
THE MONTE CARLO OF NO HAN'S LAND Independent Kingdom Set Up by Three Scoundrels on the Kan sas-Indian Territory Border, Defies Authorities and Does Thriving Business Until Johnson Takes a Hold. One of the most singular situations In the history of outlawry was that tackled by William Eugene Johnson in the summer of 1907. It was the case of the Monte Carlo of No Man's Land, as it was called, and called for an exhibition of grit, courage, and self-reliance that was not shown by any other persons interested in the affair. Ey the middle of 1907 Johnson, big, bald, and six-feet-three, had pretty well cleaned up the bootleggers in In dian Territory. He had made him self a terror to those who were de bauching the Indians with spirits and afterward plundering them. He bad become something of a legend. Im agine a male Carrie Nation, armed not only with a hatchet and sledge hammer, but with a pair of mailed fists and all the resources of the United States Indian Department at his back. He had run up the price of spirits per pint from twenty-five cents to three dollars, and even then the trade was risky. He had herded hundreds to jail and several into the penitentiary. He had earned the un dying enmity of the gamblers, and all the vicious members of the com munity. He had earned the sobri quet "Pussyfoot" throughout the West by reason of his cat-like pounces where he was least expected. Now he was to tackle the strangest situa tion that has ever arisen in the case of western outlawry. GIVESTHE RUFFIANS THE "LAWYER'S ANSWER" To quote a comment which was made at the time: "Special Officer Johnson has the distinction of being the only man in the United States who ever arrested a bunch of no bodies for conducting a saloon and gambling resort nowhere, in violation of the laws of no one. But the fact Is that the Monte Carlo of No Man's Land has been put out of business by the velvet-footed man with the soft voice and the mailed first." Now for the explanation of the af fair, which was to produce a crop of tragical deaths at a subsequent period: Some years previously a man named Ernest Lewis was in charge of some logging work along the bound ary between Kansas and the Indian Territory. A log drawn by six horses struck a stone boundary post and drew It ten feet and nine inches north of the surveyed line. Lewis thought that it would be a joke on Kansas to give the Territory some of Kansas's land. Accordingly he set up the post in its new position, and the removal remained undiscovered until after the occurrence of the episodes with which this story deals. The apparent result of this prank was that there remained, in the mid dle of a road, a tract of land some three-quarters of a mile long and some twelve feet wide which did not be long either to the Indian Territory or to Kansas. Lewis was a "bad man," and most of his time was devoted to violations of the revenue and states' laws. Some years afterward be found himself released from jail, together with two boon companions named Mark Killion and Elijah Paradise, and began to cast round for the means of a livelihood. It was then that he hap pened to remember his prank in mov ing the boundry post. He hurried to $ the locality and found the stone still in its new position and it was then that his fertile brain conceived the idea of setting up a gambling estab lishment upon this No Man's Land that he had created. Since Kansas is a'prohibition state, and the Bale of liquor was forbidden in what was then Indian Territory, the three outlaws saw a fine oppor tunity of making a fortune in a quick and not illegitimate manner by sell ing whiskey on the tract of land over which they claimed dominion. There was no doubt that customers would flock from far and near on either side of the border. Accordingly, in the center of the road they built a house sixty feet long by ten feet wide, with a gambling den at one end and a saloon at the other, being financed in their enterprise by two men who preferred to take a share of the prof its and to remain in the background. This extraordinary road-house speedily became a flourishing center of crime. Drink was sold freely to whites, negroes and Indians alike, and riot, robbery and murder were en acted there. The authorities were quite helpless. They got aB far as the boundary on either side, and then looked on helplessly, while "King" Lewis, as he was designated, did a roaring business under their noses. Undoubtedly Lewis had hit upon a paying scheme. His kingdom pro duced a revenue, in proportion to its size, greater than that of any other kingdom on earth. Upon the wall a federal license to sell liquor was prominently displayed, and, armed with this weapon and not amenable, apparently, to the laws of either the Territory or Kansas, he seemed to Btand well within his rights. At the station at Caney, Kansas, one mile away, stood long lines of conveyances waiting for the nobility who came on every train to pay their respectB to his majesty. The highways were filled with men hurrying to court, and with others straggling back. Drunken men lay comfortably asleep in their tracks all along the roads. It needed a Napoleon to evolve a strategy strong enough to pull King Lewis from his throne. The gambling outlay was the most complete in the West. Games that had passed from memory as the "lid" moved westward were resurrected from unhallowed graves. The roulette ball clicked its-way round the wheel unceasingly, night and day. Mean while, on one side of the line stood Sheriff Paxton of Montgomery county, Kansas, with his retainers, and, on the other, Deputy Marshal Walker of the Territory. They looked at each other across their twelve feet of No Man's Land and licked their dry lips as they heard corks popping. If they did not, their henchmen did. They listened, and the roulette ball spun merrily, and the brazen dollars clicked. Nobody paid the least at tention to the outcast minions of the law. Their only satisfaction lay in nabbing those who strayed within their own realms. An Indian, who had just managed to get rid of his pension money, would stumble out of the door, lose his steering powers, and cross into his territory. The HE 8H0T (1ARR FOUR TIME8. deputy marshal would pounce on him. A Kansan, wobbling north, would fall into the yearning arms of Sheriff Pax ton. But King Lewis continued on the land that he had seized upon. And, in the absence of any properly constituted authority, there seemed no reason why his kingdom should not endure forever. During the height of the festivities a royal proclamation was issued de claring that the powers could not in tervene, and even the presence of Mr. Taft, then secretary for war, in Okla homa could not dampen the spirits of the populace nor dilute the potency of those that passed over the bar. The proclamation stated that only a spe cial act of congress could put the kingdom out of business. However, Lewis had failed to take General issimo Pussyfoot Johnson into con sideration. Now, when the news reached John son's ears, he was a good deal upset. He did .not like these happenings. Was the man who had earned national fame as champion lid-clamper of the Indian Territory to be defied and have his work annulled by men who were ruining his reputation and debauching his Indian wards? Johnson cared no more for law than the others cared for law and order. But Johnson did care for order. And he meant to maintain it. Johnson is an Anglo Saxon name, and Johnson responds to the old English instinct for good government. But Johnson has Indian blood in him also, and when Johnson goes on the warpath he ne^er lets go of anything he catches—never. Johnson accordingly reasoned like this: "If his majesty King Lewis and his cabinet can commit a felony no where, certainly I, too, have a right to commit a felony nowhere. But will it be a felony? If No Man's Land is in the United States and not on the high seas, then I, as a federal of ficer, have an undoubted right to In stitute proceedings." Thus it happened that one night a dark-complexioned barrel of a man with a bald, shining head and a stubby moustache, followed by two armed deputies, wandered out from Indian Territory into the realm of his maj esty. From end to end could be heard the rattling of the roulette ball, as it made its devious course round the wheel, and the dice clicking on the crap table. From another corner came the steady click, click of poker chips. In still another place there sat a pale, faultlessly dressed man running his long, slender fingers across the faro box. At the other end of the palace glasses were clink ing, and nearby a colored man was thumping out "Just Because She Made Them Goo-Goo Eyes" upon a wheezy piano. Accompanied by his deputy, Fred Keeler, Johnson ascended into the palace precincts, by the front door, without sending a herald or ambas sador. There was no fanfare of bugles: Johnson simply entered. The front of the realm faced Indian Terri tory, the back Kansas. His majesty cast one look at the bald dome of the Invading army, and made the quickest abdication of which there is record. He simply sprang for the back door and bolted for Kansas soil. He reached it, and, since his cares of Btate had left him no time to arrange an extradition treaty with Kansas, he was safe there from molestation, and, grinding his teeth, he watched the ruin of his kingdom. If Johnson had entered the back door he would have had Lewis, for in Indian Territory he was supreme. However, he was not thinking very much about the king just then. Nor did he regard the courtiers and no bility at the bar and gaming tables, who made their exits in record time also, some seeking shelter in the Ter ritory and others in Kansas. John son's principle design was to put Monte Carlo out of commission. Johnson and Keeler made a grab for Killion and Elijah Paradise, and in a trice had them in irons. "But you can't take us for this," wailed the prophet, as he tried to wriggle out of his handcuffs. "That's what the lawyer told the man in jail," answered Pussyfoot. Then, grasping a heavy bung start er, Johnson entered upon his favorite pastime. The roulette wheel went in to splinters, the tables became a pile of debris, the cards were torn to shreds in Johnson's strong fingers, while he whistled "I'm the Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo." Having satisfied himself that the bank was broken beyond repair, Pussyfoot turned his attention to the liquid re freshments. The sacred prohibition soil of Kansas, and the equally uncon taminated soil of Indian Territory soon became a morass, through which a dozen rivers of tanglefoot and "Old Rye" wended their sluggish ways. When everything was an irreparable ruin Johnson yoked his prisoners to gether, got them into the buggy which he had in waiting, and started for the town of Caney, whither Lewis had already fled. Johnson had smashed the gambling tables, he had smashed the bottles, and he had hacked the bar a good deal. Johnson has a child-like im petus toward destruction his set Bmlle as he wielded his sledge-ham mer was well known to many carica turists. Johnson can smash a cast steel safe that nothing else except gun-cotton could open. On this oc casion he had performed one act of destruction which waB to involve him in serious difficulty: he smashed the cash register. It was a fine new cash register, and too shining and tempting for Johnson to resist. He did, indeed, instruct Elijah to open it and take out the contents. But Elijah refused, and so Pussyfoot got his axe into play and THE HOPE PIONEER soon strewed the bar with pieces of metal, incidentally obtaining a sum of several hundred dollars, which he counted and placed in bis pocket, with a view to handing it over to the sheriff. Lewis had preceded Pussyfoot to Caney, and he at once went before a justice of the peace and obtained a warrant for Johnson's arrest, charging him with the malicious destruction of property, to which was subsequently added the charge of theft. He also alleged that Johnson had introduced intoxicants into Kansas—which was true enough, for the river of whiskey certainly reached Kansas soil. Be sides, Johnson had samples of the stuff in his buggy, to be used as evidence. Consequently, hardly had the buggy entered Caney than John son found himself under arrest, and his prisoners were taken from him. He demanded an immediate hearing, which could not be refused, and it took the judge only a few minutes to decide that there was no case against him, or, at least, that the matter was outside his jurisdiction, inasmuch as the raid had taken place beyond the jurisdiction of Kansas. This hoist the prisoners with their own petard, the joke being, of course, that the Monte Carlo had actually always been with in the boundaries of the state of Kan sas. Johnson was set free. As has been said, he never letg go. Within three minutes of obtaining his freedom be once more had Elijah and Killion in his possession. He took them down to the railroad station, with the ob ject of conveying them by train to Vinita, where the United States owns and operates a jail. But his arrest had delayed him too long the last train to Vinita for the night was gone, and Johnson found that he would have to wait until morning for the next one. Accordingly he placed the two men in the lock-up and went to a hotel for the night. One of the city marshals of Caney was a man named Garr, who happened to be a friend of Johnson's. He had a daughter, whose sweetheart was a night telephone operator. At night, when calls are few, gossip is apt to pass along the wires between the op erators and their friends. The young fellow called up the girl, and, after a number of intimate remarks which have no bearing the story, informed her, in a casual way, that the prison ers had telephoned for a lawyer to hurry along and "play a habeas cor pus stunt to get the criminals out of jail," as Johnson phrased it The daughter told her father, and Garr realized that Johnson was in the way of losing the results of his achievement. He rushed down to the hotel where Pussyfoot was staying and pulled him out of bed. Johnson, informed what wa3 hap pening, realized that, if the "habeas corpus stunt" could be pulled off, as was most likely, anything might de velop, even an injunction restraining him from again interfering with the internal affairs of Lewis's kingdom. It would not take long to get the place into running order again. It was a perplexing position, and John son remembered what the lawyer said to the man in jail. Anyway, he was not taking any chances. He dressed himself hurriedly and sent an urgent summons to his dep uty Keeler. Then he telephoned for a rig. Half an hour later he had the rig, the deputies, and the prisoners. He placed one man by his side, handed over the other to Keeler, and, with the reins in one hand, his Colt automatic in the other, he drove all night through the darkness over the rutty Kansas roads until he reached Bartlesville at one o'clock in the morning, whence a train conveyed the four to Vinita. The outlaws were speedily lodged in prison. "I don't want to have anything more to do with Kansas justice," said Pussyfoot, when he had pulled off his coup. "The next time they get me they'll hold me, and I can't forsake the Territory." In order to ascertain who were the actual backers of King Lewis, John son held the money and the pistol which he had taken, so that they might make themselves known by re plevining them. They replevined them, and proved to be two men named Hicks and Kelley. "I knew my kingdom couldn't last," explained Lewis, as, comfortably pro vided with this world's goods, he strode, a free man, upon free Kansas soil. "My place of business was in Kansas all the time. Those fellows up there did not know it. They would come down there and look at my kingdom and watch me, but they were very careful not to come beyond what they thought was the boundary line, and molest me. I had them bluffed all right, but I knew it was only a question of time until they found that I was working them, and then they would have made trouble for me. "I would have got away with the bluff, only the Territory officials thought it was their duty to come up and raid me. They had no au thority there, because I was in Kan sas. But their raid started the Kan sas authorities to asking questions, and I was afraid one of the fellows who worked for me when the stone was moved might remember and tell the story, and then I would be in trouble. There was no harm done, but I suppose I ought to go up there now and put the line marker back where it belongs." However. Lewis was subsequently arrested, and the three men were sen tenced to serve for short periods in prison. This incident made Pussyfoot's reputation nation-wide. And, humor ous in Itself, it was the prelude to a series of tragedies altogether out of proportion to the situation. The lesser actors could not avoid basking in the light of Johnson's repu tation. In particular Garr was unable to abstain from letting it become known that it was he who had check mated Killion and Paradise in their attempt to "play a habeas corpus stunt." The news reached Killion's ears. He brooded over it all the time that he was in prison, and, when he came out, he resolved to be revenged on Garr. However, he did not take any im mediate steps toward this end. Cir cumstances would have to be propi tious. The "bad man" is always a coward unless crazed by drink. When Killion was crazed enough to be reck less, and Garr happened to be in the vicinity, there would be the conjunc tion of circumstances. That conjunc tion occurred. Killion had a notorious record. He had run a gambling house in Caney for several years, had been many times in the county jail, and had been implicated in a number of Shooting affrays, though mostly for the purpose of acquiring a reputation as a desper ado than for killing. Soon after his release from the penitentiary he was arrested by Garr upon the streets of Caney for drunkenness, and was pa roled by the judge. Killion was not quite drunk enough to screw himself up to the point of murder, but he threatened Garr. "I'll get even with you for this, he Bnarled. "I haven't forgotten that trick you played me about Pussyfoot, either." Garr did not reply, but took Killion to the police station. A few days later Garr, while ma king his rounds, discovered that a poker game was in course of progress in a certain building, and, going in, took possession of the chips and other paraphernalia. He did not know at the time who was the owner of the place, but discovered subsequently that it was Killion. This act enraged Killion all the more, and he conceived MIDDLE-AGED MEN SUPERIOR They Have Training and Experience Impossible for Youth to Have Obtained. What are the accumulations which ought to make fifty fitter to exercise authority than twenty-live? Book knowledge partly, but for the most part thoughts, a writer in Harper's says. By the time lie is iifty a man who is to amount to anything should have come to a few large, seasoned convictions that are part of the fiber of his mind. Convictions of that sort are not blithely obtained out of books. Books may have to do with tliem, but they are acquisitions of the spirit, and though the rudiments of them may be come by In youth, they need to be tem pered, tried out and adjusted to prac tice by years of thought, talk, observa tion, effort and experiment with life. Washington at twenty-five had in him the rudiments of the Washington that was to be, but had nearly twenty years of training before he took command of the Confederate armies, and he was first president at fifty-seven. Lincoln in early manhood groped his way through grievous distress and perplexi ties, but by the time he married, when he was thirty-three, he had come, it would seem, to a clear sense of the fundamental convictions that made him. Eighteen years more he thought and read and talked in courts and taverns, and pleaded on the stump the faith that was in him, and travailed variously, and then at fifty-one he was elected president. Pitt, prime minis ter at twenty-four because England was short handed and couldn't wait for him to get his growth, broke down in the middle of his job and died at forty-seven. Napoleon was first con sul at thirty, had completed his ac tivities at forty-six, and died at fifty two. Alexander at thirty-three had done everything that seemed to him 3 0 THE ROULETTE WHEEL WENT INTO SPLINTERS, THE TABLES BECAME A PILE OF DEBRIS. 1 the iden that Garr was his real enemy. Killion drank all that afternoon and made threats that he was going to kill a marshal, but nobody took him very seriously. At ten that night, while Garr was having his supper in Ern hardt's saloon, Killion staggered up to the door and called him out. Garr went out and they were seen to walk a short distance together. Then Kil lion swung around. "You've been hounding me, you liar, and now I'm going to get even," he cried, and whipping out a revolver, he shot Garr four times. Garr returned the fire, but he was too badly wounded to take aim. He fell to the Bidewalk, when Killion sprang upon the dying man and be gan pounding him savagely about the head with the butt of his revolver. He then took the marshal's club and star and threw them into the street. Garr died thirty minutes later, but lived long enough to make a state ment to the effect that Killion had fired the first shot. The death of Garr infuriated the town, for the dead man, who had been a carpenter by trade, bore a reputa tion as a quiet, peaceable citizen, and was universally popular. He left a widow and several children. Killion, who had escaped to his sister's house, was tracked there, and the house was surrounded by a mob, which threat ened to blow it up with dynamite un less Killion surrendered. Killion gave himself up and was lodged in jail. There was much talk of lynching him, but no concerted action was taken. At the trial it developed that Kil lion's father had also been a murderer. The jury was out only ten minutes, and brought in a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree, after taking a single ballot. As capital pun ishment has been practically, though not theoretically abolished in Kansas, Killion was sent to the penitentiary for life. That was the first death to arise out of the Monte Carlo raid. Others were to follow. (Copyright, by W. G. Chapman.) desirable to do in the world at that time and departed out of it. Youth makes a greater figure in war than in anything else, but war is a compara tively simple business and can be learned young. In most matters men are lucky if they can take their time to learn and escape the prices and the heavy responsibilities of leader ship until their thoughts are matured, their skill is fully practiced and their characters have been shaped and hard ened in the forge of life. Greeks Had No Standard. The ancient Greeks had no standard, although tliey venerated the emblems on their shields as we our flag. The first flag used by the Greeks was dec orated with a two-headed eagle and was used in the revolt against the Turks in 140-1. In the revolution of 17G9 a white flag with a bine cross was raised. In 1803, when Ali Pasha was ravaging Thessaly, John Stathans led a flotilla into Sklatlios under a flag which was the same as that in use at the present day—blue with a white cross. The first flag of the great revo lution was raised by Marco Botzaris, on October 25,1820. It was white with an icon of St. George. On January 1, 1822, the national assembly in Epidau rus, at the foundation of the independ ence of Greece, defined the Greek flag as follows: On the land, nine horizon tal stripes, a plain blue flag in four quarters, with a white cross in the mid dle, to be called the "land flag." On the sea, nine horizontal stripes, five blue and four white, with a blue square in the corner in four quarters, on which is a white cross. This is the flag known as the Greek flag today. The blue ground is very dark. In Reduced Circumstances. "The head clerk in this hotel seems to be a rather subdued young man." "That's only a temporary manifes tation. He got into a poker game and lost all his diamonds."