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CAPTURE FORTIFIED ENEMY PCX
SITIONS SOUTHWEST OF BRZE
ZONY AND SEVEN HEAVY
IS FIRST SLAV OFFENSIVE
UNDER NEW GOVERNMENT
War Minister Notified America Drive
Would Begin About July 1—Bru
siloff Is Again Driving at Gall
cian City of Lemberg—Ar
tillery Battle Raging.
Petrograd, July 3.—Russian troops
have captured Kaniuchi, on the Ga
lician front. The number of prisoners
taken in the various sectors is more
than 10,000. Southwest of Brzezany
the Russians occupied strongly forti
fied positions of the enemy. The
Russians have advanced to the Kaniu
chi stream and also have captured
seven heavy guns.
Successes Please U. S.
Washington, July 3.—Russian War
Minister Kerensky informed the Unit
ed States three weeks ago that a big
Russian offensive would take place in
the first part of July. Secretary Rob
ert Lansing stated that the Russian
successes were very pleasing and in
dicated that Kerensky had succeeded
in his big task of reorganizing the
First Drive Since Revolt.
Petrograd, July 3.—M. Kerensky,
minister of war, has telegraphed Pre
mier Lvov that the Russian revolu
tionary army resumed the offensive on
July 1. Russia's first offensive under
the new democratic regime was con
tinuing vigorously today.
An official statement says:
"Russo-Galician Front.—In the di
rections of Zloczov and Brzezany, in
Galicia, east of Lemberg, an artillery
battle of great intensity has taken
"Rumanian Front.—An enemy rail
road train, in motion, was destroyed
by our artillery in the region of La
muntelu mountain, in the Carpathians.
Fight On Caucasian Front.
"Caucasian Front.—Near Pan win
(in Turkey, near the Persian border)
the Turks launched a series of attacks
on our positions near Distan. North
west of Sepne our advanced detach
ments, after energetic pursuit of the
Tu»ks, reached the region of Heribar
lake and engaged in battle with the
enemy, who was defending the road to
.General Brusiloff is driving again at
the Galician city of Lemberg.
Battle Still Raging.
The artillery battle is still raging
far to the north, along the Russian
line into Volhynia, In Poland, as far
as the middle Stokhod, a distance of
175 miles. The latest Berlin state
ment indicates that attacks by the
Russians were expected to extend be
yond the area of the original fighting.
Russian forces continue their offen
sive against the Turks in the Cau
casus. Russian cavalry pursued the
fleeing Turks and occupied the village
of Engidja, north of Lake Deribar and
also occupied the Turkish stronghold
of Kalamirivan southeast of the lake.
VENICE IS BOMBED FROM AIR
Shells Thrown On Houses By Aus
trian 'Planes is Report.
Rome, July 3.—Venice has been
again attacked by Austrian airplanes,
the war office announces. The Italians
raided Trieste in reprisal. The state
"A group of enemy airplanes raided
Venice, Murano and Chiogia (the last
two are towns near Venice). Bombs
were thrown on houses. There were
no victims. Anti-aircraft batteries
bombarded the airplanes vigorously
and there is reason to believe two
raiders were hit.
"By way of immediate reprisal Ital
ian Seaplanes bombarded the indus
trial quarters of Trieste."
FORMER CHINESE RULER
AGAIN TO TAKE THRONE
Shanghai, July 3.—Hsuan Tung,
former emperor of China, deposed
in the revolution which made
China republic, has announced his
succession to the throne again
and assumption of the govern
ment. At Peking martial law
throughout the empire was for
mally proclaimed. President Li
Yuan Hung has been formally or
dered to relinquish all authority.
Missouri Epidemic Spreads.
St. Louis, July 3.—The epidemic of
infective enterocolitis which has
caused the death of more than 100
persons in three Missouri counties, has
spread i*to Arkansas, it has been
learned. Six have died at Luxow,
Ark., in two days. Physicians are
treating over 200 cases but are able to
do little more than ease the victims'
(pain. Flies are believed responsible
for the rapid spread of the plague. The
arrest of two men at Kennett. Mo.,
•was caused by the finding of arsenic
|n flour at Sikeston.
NEARLY SCORE DIE
TROLLEY CARRYING 50 PEOPLE
TURNS OVER AT BANK OF HUGE
NIAGARA WHIRLPOOL, LAND
ING IN TEN FEET OF WATER.
BENEATH THE SURFACE
Disaster Thought to Have Been
Caused by Washout Due to Heavy
Rains—Great Scramble As Car
Goes Down—Soldiers Are Ac
tive in Rescue Work.
Niagara Falls, N. Y„ July 3.—A belt
line car on the Great Gorge route left
the rails, plunged down a 20-foot em
bankment and turned over in 10 feet
of water on the edge of the Whirlpool
Ten persons are known to be dead,
two known to have been on the car
have not been seen since the accideat
and probably are dead, an indefinite
number, estimated at from two to ten
are reported missing and more than a
E. E. Hicklis, superintendent of the
Gorge railroad, issued a statement
placing the number of dead and miss
ing at 14. All the other passengers
on the car had been accounted for,
Wreck Due to Washout.
A washout, due to heavy rains, was
the cause of the disaster which occur
red just below the Cantilever bridge,
and 60 feet below the point where
the smooth water of the upper reach
es of the Niagara river break into the
turbulent waters of the Whirpool Rap
The car had all but completed the
circuit of the gorge, having crossed
from the Candian side of the river
on the trolley bridge at Lewistown.
There were more than 50 passengers
on board, according to general esti
Turned Bottom Side Up.
The car was running about 20 miles
an hour when it struck the weak spot
in the roadbed. Less than half a
minute elapsed from the time the
rnotorman felt the first jarring sway
until the car was bottom-side up on
the edge of the rushing rapids.
As it slipped down the 20-foot in
cline screaming men and women
fought to escape and some of them
were able to get free but unable to
obtain a footing on the steep bank.
There was a mad scramble in the
shallow water between the wrecked
car and the river bank. From the
river side the bodies of at least two
of the passengers were caught in the
swifter waters and carried down to
Guardsmen to the Rescue.
National guardsmen, who were on
guard at the cantilever bridge, Baw
the accident and were the first to the
rescue. The soldiers slid down the
bank into the river and worked in wa
ter up to their waists getting injured
passengers from the wreckage and
passing them up the bank, where an
emergency car had been placed to car
ry them to the Niagara Falls hospital.
Virtually no one escaped injury and
this leaves more than 15 persons to
be accounted for if the estimate of 50
as the total number of passengers on
the car is correct.
U. S. CREW FIRES ON U-BOATS
One Periscope Shattered Is Belief—
London, July 3.—The gun crew of
an American liner fired upon two
German submarines on her voyage
from the United States to England.
Both targets were at a considerable
range but the report of the command
ing officer to Washington will express
the belief that one periscope was shat
A third submarine was sighted, but
at a great distance and it submerged
The passengers expressed the great
est admiration for the marksmanship
of the American gunners as shown
both in practice and against the ene
Delaware Leads in Red Cross Gifts.
Washington, July 2.—Latest tabula
tions by the American Red Cross show
that Delaware led all other states in
per capita contributions to the Red
Cross fund, with a rate of $5. Figures
for other states include: Michigan,
$1.18 Montana, 94 cents Illinois, 88
cents Oregon, 82 cents Minnesota,
65 cents Wisconsin, 48 cents Iowa,
40 cents North Dakota, 11 cents
South Dakota, 9 cents.
6eized Boats Aid Shipping Problem.
Washington, July 2.—A long stride
toward the solution of the shipping
and transport problems has been tak
en by the President. He signed an
executive order turning over to the
United States Shipping board through
87 seized German vessels, a total ton
nage of 500,000. These ships will be
used in trans-Atlantic service. Some
of them already have become trans
ports. The President authorizes the
shipping board to repair, commission
and man them for use by the gov
ernment or under lease or charter.
BY THE PRESIDENT
DETAILS OF EXEMPTION PRO
VISIONS ARE SHOWN— FOR
MATION OF COUNTY AND
CLASS EXEMPTIONS NOT
TO FIGURE IN THE PUN
President Makes Explanatory State
ment Regarding Operation of
the Law—Who May be Ex
empted—Other Points of
Interest Are Shown.
Washington, July 3.—Regulations
to govern the next step toward se
lecting a national war army from the
millions registered for service on June
5, were issued today at the direction
of President Wilson.
The regulations leave to be pre
scribed later the manner of deter
mining the order of liability of the
men registered but set forth in great
detail the method of arriving at ex
emptions and the work generally of
the local district boards already
named to carry out the task3.
Exemption regulations add little to
the terms of the draft law. The ques
tions of whether a man between the
ages of il and 30 is entitled to ex
emptions because of dependents, the
nature of his occupation or physical
unfitness aie for the board to decide.
It is made clear however, thrjre are
to be no class exemptions and that
each individual case must be decided
on it) merits.
County and District Boards.
The county board will pass upon
claims for exemptions except those
based upon industrial or agricultural
occupation subject to appeal to the
district boards. All cases involving
agricultural or industrial exemptions
will be passed on by the district
board—one for each judicial district
which will also decide appeals from
decisions of the local board.
In the near future a date will be
set by Brig. Gen. Crowder for the
meeting and organizing of the boards.
At the same time it is exoested tliat
the selection regulations will be pro
mulgate that the prospects may be
put under way without delay. The
present intention is to call the men
selected about Sept. 1, or as soon
thereafter as the cantonments to
house them can be completed.
In a statement accompanying the
announcement of tlie regulations the
president called upon the boards to
do their work fearlessly and im
partially and to remember that "our
armies at the front will be strength
ened or sustained if they be com
posed of men free from any sense of
injustice In their mode of selection."
The statement follows:
"The regulations which I am today
causing to be promulgated pursuant
to the direction of the selective ser
vice law, cover the remaining steps
of the plan for calling into the ser
vice of the United States qualified
men from those who have registered,
those selected to constitute with the
regular army, the national guard and
the navy, the fighting forces of the
nation, all of which forces are, under
the terms of the law, placed in a po
sition of equal right, dignity and re
sponsibility with the members of all
other military forces.
"The regulations have been drawn
with a view to the needs and circum
stances of the whole country and
provide a system which it is expect
ed will work with the least inequality
and personal hardships. Any system
of selecting men for military service'
whether voluntary or involuntary in.
its operation necessarily selects some
men to bear the burden of the na-1
tion by sacrifice in actual service.!
This places all men on an even plane
and then by a selection which neith
er favors the one nor penalizes the'
other, calls out the requisite number
Depends On Loyalty.
"The successful operation of this
law and these regulations depends
necessarily on the loyalty, patriotism
and justice of the members of the'
board to whom its operation is com
mitted and I admonish every mem
ber of every local board and every
district board of review, that their
duty to their country requires an im
partial and fearless performance of
the delicate and difficult duties en
trusted to them. They should re
member as to each individual case
presented to them they are called on
to adjudicate the most sacred right
of the individual and to preserve un
tarnished the honor of the nation
"Our armies at the front will be
strengthened and sustained if they I
be composed of men free from any!
sense of injustice in the mode of
their selection and they will be in
spired to loftier efforts in behalf of a
country in which the citizens called
upon to perform high public func
tions perform them with justice,
fearlessness and impartiality."
Upon organization, the local boards
will take all registration cards which
they will number serially and list
SALES PASS HALF MILLION.
St. Paul, July 3.—Stock sales of
the Equity Co-operative exchange
wi pass the half million dollar mark
within the next ten days, according to
Writes. general manager who
returned today from North Dakota.
Anticipation of a big crop js larcrelv
responsible for increased invest
ment by farmers. Among eo-opera
tives which took $1,000 worth of stock
during the last week. Mr. Crites an
nounced today, were those at Lisbon.
os)y and Ypsilanti. The
Cayuga elevator took $500 worth
for $4,300 worth of stock.
THE HOPE PIONEER
GOVERNMENT READY FOR
BIG CONSCRIPTION TASK
for posting by which the order of
liability for service shall be deter
mined. Of the quota to be drawn
from its territory .(minus* credit for
enlistments in the national guard or
regular army) each board will pre
pare a list of persons designated for
service in the order of their liability,
post the list, give it to the press and
within three days send notice to each
designated person by mail. As the
men so notified appear, the board
will first make a physical examina
tion accordance with regulations
to be provided, bearing in mind all
persons accented by them will be ex
amined by army surgeons.
If the physical examination is
passed successfully, then comes the
question of exemption. Persons who
must be discharged by the local
board include: Officers of the Unit
ed States, of the states, territories
and D. C„ ministers of religion, stu
dents of divinity, persons in the mili
tary or naval service of the United
States, subjects of Germany, all
other aliens who have not taken out
first papers, county and municipal
officers, customs officers, workmen in
federal armories, arsenals and navy
yards, persons in the federal service
designated by the president for ex
empt in, pilots, merchant marine
sailors, those with a status with re
spect to dependents which renders
their exclusion desirable (a! married
man with dependent wife or child,
son- of dependent widow, son of
dependent, aged or infirm .parent or
brother of dependent orphaned
child under 16 years of age), those
found morally deficient and any
member of any well organized relig
ious sect existing May 18, 1917, whose
creed forbids participation in war and
whose religious convictions accord
with the creed.
Claims for exemption because of
dependents may be made by the man
himself, his wife or other dependents
or by a third party who has person
ally investigated the case. A claim
made by the husband must be ac
companied by supporting affidavits
signed by the wife and by the head
of a family residing in the same
territory. A claim by the wife or
third party must be accompanied by
two supporting affidavits signed by
heads of families.
Similar rules govern claims on
grounds of other dependents when
dependents of third parties file claims
with supporting affidavits. In each
case the board ffnust be satisfied be
fore it grants exemptions that the
dependents are supported mainly by
the fruits of the men's mental or
District Board Decision Final.
Local boards are required, subject
to appeal, to pass upon claims for
exemption or discharge within three
days after the filing of affidavits.
District boards must decide appeal
cases within live days after the clos
ing of proofs and their decisions are
final. If the ruling of a local board
is affirmed the person in question
stands finally accepted for military
In passing on claims for exemption
on grounds of employment in necessary
industrial and agricultural occupa
tions the district board must be con
vinced that the particular enterprise
affording such employment actually
is necessary to the maintenance of
the military establishment or nation
al interest during the emergency.
"The evidence must also establish,"
th? regulations say, "even if the par
ticular industrial enterprise or agri
cultural enterprise is found necessary
for one of the above purposes that
the continuance of such person there
in is necessary to the maintenance
thereof, and that he cannot be re
placed by another person without
direct, substantial material loss and
detriment to the adequate and effec
tive operation of the particular in
dustrial enterprise or agricultural en
terprise in which he is engaged.
"Later the president may from
time to time designate certain in
dustries or classes of industries that
are necessary and the district board
will be notified. It will be the duty
of each board, however, to ascertain
the available labor supply for such
industries outside the men called for
military service and to take the re
sults into consideration in determin
ing such things."
"If in the opinion of the district
board," this section of the regulation
concludes, "the direct substantial
material loss to any such industrial
or agricultural enterprise outweighs
the loss that would result from fail
ure to obtain the military service of
any such persons, a certificate of dis
charge may be issued to him
Certificates of exemption will not
necessarily be permanent. They
may be revoked with cbapging con
ditions or may be grantee only for
LOST SUFFRAGIST FOUND.
New York, July 3.—Word that Miss
Velma Pomeroy, well known in suff
rage circles had been found in Phila
delphia, was received here today and
her father, Chas. W. Pomeroy, form
erly a supreme court judge in Mon
tana left for that place. She was
reported missing last week.
Washington, July 3.—The restora
tion of the Manchu" dynasty in China
has been demanded by army officers
of the president of the republic, re
ports from Ambassador Reinsch to
day stated. Revolution is feared, it
FRENCH SHIP SUNK.
Paris, July 3.—The French steamer
Himalaya With 204 passengers and
crew has been sunk as the result of
an explosion in the Mediterranean.
One hundred and seventy-six persons
TWO TOWNS BOMBED.
Rome, July 3.—Venice has been
again attacked by Austrian airplanes,
the war office announces. The Ital
ians raided Trieste in reprisal.
The statement follows:
"A group of enemy airplanes raid
ed Venice, Murario and Chioggia (the
last two towns are near Venice) on
Friday night. Bombs were thrown on
houses. There were no victims. Anti
aircraft batteries bombarded the air
planes vigorously and there is rea
son to believe two raiders were hit.
"By way of immediate reprisal
Italian seaplanes bombarded the in
dustrial quarters of Trieste."
ARE DENIED ROADS
INTERSTATE COMMERCE BODY
FINDS CARRIERS SHOW SUB
STANTIAL AND INCREASING
SLIGHT RELIEF GRANTED
TO EASTERN RAILROADS
Horizontal Raise of Fifteen Per Cent
Is Found Not Justified—Western
and Southern Roads Turned
Down—Coal, Coke and Iron
Rate Increases Allowed.
Washington, July 2.—The Inter
state Commerce commission has de
nied the plea of the railroads of the
United States for a horizontal increase
of 15 per cent in freight rates.
In its 'decision the commission in
dicated its willingness to increase
class rates in the eastern district ap
proximately 14 per cent. Since about
one-foHrth of the freight handled is
moved under class rates, the decision
virtually allows the eastern lines about
4 per cent increase in gross freight
revenue. Increases sought in rates on
coal, coke and iron ore will be granted.
The commission found, as a result
of extended hearings, that the car
riers generally showed a substantial
and increasing financial prosperity and
that they had ample resources with
which to conduct transportation.
Little Sympathy for Roads.
Little sympathty was given the ar
guments of the roads that they were
victims of war prices, the commission
holding that the carriers have profited
by the mobilization of troops.
The commission finds that the
gloomy forecasts of jeopardized in
comes seen by railroad officials early
in 1917 have not been borne out by the
figures available for later months. The
proceedings were brought in March
when the returns for February was
one of the worst months in railroad
history. The subsequent months have
shown increasing revenues, while ex
penses have in many cases failed to
amount to the extent the carriers' offi
The commission authorized the fol
lowing raises in class rates for points
north of the Ohio, east of the Missis
sippi—First class from 78.8 to 90 sec
ond class from 68.3 to 79 third class
from 52.5 to 60 fourth class from 36.8
to 42 fifth class, 31.25 to 36 sixth
class, 26.3 to 30 cents per hundred
The commission found in general
that the effects of the Adamson eight
hour basic day and of the increased
cost of fuel, supplies and materials
had not affected the southern and
western carriers as greatly as it af
fected the eastern carriers.
DUNN IS FOUND GUILTY
OF FIRST DEGREE MURDER
Penalty Is Imprisonment for Life
Case Was in Hands of Jury
for Three Hours.
St. Paul, July 2.—Guilty is the ver
dict of the jury that tried F. J. Dunn
on charge of having instigated the
murder of his wife, Mrs. Alice McQuil
lan Dunn, by the Joe Redenbaugh
gang, by whom he was charged with
having paid $3,000, through Mike
Moore, for the commission of the
The penalty is life imprisonment,
capital punishment having been abol
ished in Minnesota. The case undoubt
ed will be appealed.
Dunn's defense was that he did not
conspire to bring about the murder
of his wife, and that her death was
the result of an attempt of the Red
enbaugh gang to rob her of her dia
monds, the robbery and murder hav
ing been without his knowledge.
He pleaded not guilty when ar
raigned before District Judge H. O.
Hanft, May 28, and went to trial June
14. It took five days to obtain a jury,
the largest number of talesmen ever
called in a Ramsey county case hav
ing been examined because of the wide
notoriety the case gained. The jury
was out three hours.
CANADA TO PASS DRAFT BILL
Ottawa, June 30.—Canada's bitterly
debated conscription bill is expected to
become law, despite the threat in com
mons from Alphone Verville, Labor
member, of a general strike unless
the proposed measure is first submit
ted to the people.
The general feeling is that the bill
will pass in the house with from 40
to 60 majority and that it will un
doubtedly be carried in the upper
French Nickname Yankees "Sammies
Washington, July 2.—Gen. perI
shing's fighting men in France have
been nicknamed the Sammies. Uncle
Sam's boys, and the title bids fair to
stick. It will take its place alongside
of Tommies for the British. Poilus for
the French and Boehes for the Ger
mans. In connection with temporary
training behind the lines, the Sammies
will learn more than they have pre
viously been taught as to bomb and
gas attacks and similar means of mod
ern warfare, as utilized in the present
TERRIFIC FORCE IS
STARTED BV SLAVS
PICKED DIVISIONS OF MUSCOVITE
ARMY, UNDER OLD LEADER, RE
ENTER WORLD CONFLICT
WITH RENEWED ENERGY.
FIERCE BATTLE IS RAGING
ON EIGHTEEN-MILE FRONT
Present Goal Is Same As That of One
Year Ago, Lemberg, Capital of
Austria's Crown Land—Russians
Are Plentifully Supplied Witt
Munitions Lacking Before.
London, July 3.—Back into the con
flict Russia has jumped. Under the
leadership of the same general who a
year ago stopped the German drive on
Verdun and made possible the Allied
success on the Somme, picked divis
ions of the Muscovite army have
swung on their Teuton opponents.
A terrific Russian drive is on. The
attacking front is on northeastern
Galicia exactly where Brusiloff was
forced to stop last fall because the
czar's munitions and transportation
ministers left him in the lurch.
The goal, too, is the same as a year
ago—Lemberg, capital of Austria's
crown land. On a .front of 18 miles
the Russians charged with death-de
fying gallantry, are charging still, de
spite the fact that their initial onrush
according to Berlin, met with a san
guinary check. On the Strypa river,
which in this war has at times car
ried more blood than water into the
Dniester the battle once more is rag
ing fiercest. In the fore of Brusiloff's
storming columns are the valiant Cos
sacks. They pride themselves with
being the only group of Russian troops
that have not a single desertion to
record since the revolution.
Contemptuous of Death.
From dawn till dusk they surged
forward again and again, with the
same contempt of death that marked
their onslaughts of a year ago.
Of ammunition the Russian comman
der seems to have plenty again. In
every element his drive resembles that
of June, 1916, notably in the element
of surprise. It is the answer to the
reported Hindenburg offer of an
armistice pending the Russian elec
Brzezany, 39 miles southeast of
Lemberg, is the chief objective of the
offensive. Thence, a railway runs di
rectly to the Galician capital. Some
eight miles northward lies the little
town of Koniuchy, due west of Tarno
pol. Here the Russian assaults were
particularly savage. It is the easiest
point whence to gain the same rail
way where it turns to the northeast
MUST CURTAIL DEMANDS
WARNING TO STEEL USERS
War Orders to Have Preference Over
All Others Is Word Given Out by
U. S. Chamber of Commerce.
Washington, July 3.—Manufacturers
of pleasure automobiles, steel furni
ture and hundreds of other products
using steel are warned in a bulletin
issued by the United States Chamber
of Commerce that they must curtail
demands for steel in order to avoid a
shortage. Ships for tfce navy and for
the new merchant marine, locomo
tives, railroad cars, rails and, in fact,
all war orders will be given the pref
erence by the steel mills of the coun
try, says the bulletin.
Manufacturers are urged to employ
substitutes, such as lumber and con
crete, wherever possible and to post
pone extensive steel operations not
absolutely in the interest of greater
Business men, the committee be
lieves, must adjust business in the ex
pectation of an order of distribution
and that the wild scramble for future
deliveries will end.
NOT ONE U. S. SOLDIER
IS LOST IN TRANSFER
Paris, July 2.—Not a man was
lost during the transfer of the
American forces to France and
there was not even a case of seri
ous illness, said Major General
Pershing on his return to his
headquarters after a quick trip to
the port of debarkation. "The
men landed in splendid morale,
with keen, confident and eager
spirit," he said. "Their physical
appearance is truly inspiring.
They are exceptionally well
camped and cared fori
Canadian Officers Reserve Formed
Ottawa, June 30.—Sir Edward Kemp,
minister of militia and defense, announ
ces the formation of a "reserve of of
ficers^ for the Canadian expeditionary
force. His announcement said:
There are many officers who, for no
other reason than that there were va
cant no suitable appointments which
could be offered them in Canada, have
from time to time been struck ofT the
strength of the Canadian expeditionary
force. They are now to be restored to
it with the rank and seniority which
they held therein."