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CAPTURE FORTIFIED ENEMY PCX
SITIONS SOUTHWEST OF BRZE ZONY AND SEVEN HEAVY GUNS. IS FIRST SLAV OFFENSIVE UNDER NEW GOVERNMENT War Minister Notified America Drive Would Begin About July 1—Bru siloff Is Again Driving at Gall cian City of Lemberg—Ar tillery Battle Raging. Petrograd, July 3.—Russian troops have captured Kaniuchi, on the Ga lician front. The number of prisoners taken in the various sectors is more than 10,000. Southwest of Brzezany the Russians occupied strongly forti fied positions of the enemy. The Russians have advanced to the Kaniu chi stream and also have captured seven heavy guns. Successes Please U. S. Washington, July 3.—Russian War Minister Kerensky informed the Unit ed States three weeks ago that a big Russian offensive would take place in the first part of July. Secretary Rob ert Lansing stated that the Russian successes were very pleasing and in dicated that Kerensky had succeeded in his big task of reorganizing the Russian army. First Drive Since Revolt. Petrograd, July 3.—M. Kerensky, minister of war, has telegraphed Pre mier Lvov that the Russian revolu tionary army resumed the offensive on July 1. Russia's first offensive under the new democratic regime was con tinuing vigorously today. An official statement says: "Russo-Galician Front.—In the di rections of Zloczov and Brzezany, in Galicia, east of Lemberg, an artillery battle of great intensity has taken place. "Rumanian Front.—An enemy rail road train, in motion, was destroyed by our artillery in the region of La muntelu mountain, in the Carpathians. Fight On Caucasian Front. "Caucasian Front.—Near Pan win (in Turkey, near the Persian border) the Turks launched a series of attacks on our positions near Distan. North west of Sepne our advanced detach ments, after energetic pursuit of the Tu»ks, reached the region of Heribar lake and engaged in battle with the enemy, who was defending the road to Panjwin." .General Brusiloff is driving again at the Galician city of Lemberg. Battle Still Raging. The artillery battle is still raging far to the north, along the Russian line into Volhynia, In Poland, as far as the middle Stokhod, a distance of 175 miles. The latest Berlin state ment indicates that attacks by the Russians were expected to extend be yond the area of the original fighting. Russian forces continue their offen sive against the Turks in the Cau casus. Russian cavalry pursued the fleeing Turks and occupied the village of Engidja, north of Lake Deribar and also occupied the Turkish stronghold of Kalamirivan southeast of the lake. VENICE IS BOMBED FROM AIR Shells Thrown On Houses By Aus trian 'Planes is Report. Rome, July 3.—Venice has been again attacked by Austrian airplanes, the war office announces. The Italians raided Trieste in reprisal. The state ment follows: "A group of enemy airplanes raided Venice, Murano and Chiogia (the last two are towns near Venice). Bombs were thrown on houses. There were no victims. Anti-aircraft batteries bombarded the airplanes vigorously and there is reason to believe two raiders were hit. "By way of immediate reprisal Ital ian Seaplanes bombarded the indus trial quarters of Trieste." FORMER CHINESE RULER AGAIN TO TAKE THRONE Shanghai, July 3.—Hsuan Tung, former emperor of China, deposed in the revolution which made China republic, has announced his succession to the throne again and assumption of the govern ment. At Peking martial law throughout the empire was for mally proclaimed. President Li Yuan Hung has been formally or dered to relinquish all authority. Missouri Epidemic Spreads. St. Louis, July 3.—The epidemic of infective enterocolitis which has caused the death of more than 100 persons in three Missouri counties, has spread i*to Arkansas, it has been learned. Six have died at Luxow, Ark., in two days. Physicians are treating over 200 cases but are able to do little more than ease the victims' (pain. Flies are believed responsible for the rapid spread of the plague. The arrest of two men at Kennett. Mo., •was caused by the finding of arsenic |n flour at Sikeston. NEARLY SCORE DIE TROLLEY CARRYING 50 PEOPLE TURNS OVER AT BANK OF HUGE NIAGARA WHIRLPOOL, LAND ING IN TEN FEET OF WATER. PASSENGERS PINIONED BENEATH THE SURFACE Disaster Thought to Have Been Caused by Washout Due to Heavy Rains—Great Scramble As Car Goes Down—Soldiers Are Ac tive in Rescue Work. Niagara Falls, N. Y„ July 3.—A belt line car on the Great Gorge route left the rails, plunged down a 20-foot em bankment and turned over in 10 feet of water on the edge of the Whirlpool Rapids. Ten persons are known to be dead, two known to have been on the car have not been seen since the accideat and probably are dead, an indefinite number, estimated at from two to ten are reported missing and more than a score injured. E. E. Hicklis, superintendent of the Gorge railroad, issued a statement placing the number of dead and miss ing at 14. All the other passengers on the car had been accounted for, he said. Wreck Due to Washout. A washout, due to heavy rains, was the cause of the disaster which occur red just below the Cantilever bridge, and 60 feet below the point where the smooth water of the upper reach es of the Niagara river break into the turbulent waters of the Whirpool Rap Ids. The car had all but completed the circuit of the gorge, having crossed from the Candian side of the river on the trolley bridge at Lewistown. There were more than 50 passengers on board, according to general esti mates. Turned Bottom Side Up. The car was running about 20 miles an hour when it struck the weak spot in the roadbed. Less than half a minute elapsed from the time the rnotorman felt the first jarring sway until the car was bottom-side up on the edge of the rushing rapids. As it slipped down the 20-foot in cline screaming men and women fought to escape and some of them were able to get free but unable to obtain a footing on the steep bank. There was a mad scramble in the shallow water between the wrecked car and the river bank. From the river side the bodies of at least two of the passengers were caught in the swifter waters and carried down to the whirlpool. Guardsmen to the Rescue. National guardsmen, who were on guard at the cantilever bridge, Baw the accident and were the first to the rescue. The soldiers slid down the bank into the river and worked in wa ter up to their waists getting injured passengers from the wreckage and passing them up the bank, where an emergency car had been placed to car ry them to the Niagara Falls hospital. Virtually no one escaped injury and this leaves more than 15 persons to be accounted for if the estimate of 50 as the total number of passengers on the car is correct. U. S. CREW FIRES ON U-BOATS One Periscope Shattered Is Belief— Marksmanship Excellent. London, July 3.—The gun crew of an American liner fired upon two German submarines on her voyage from the United States to England. Both targets were at a considerable range but the report of the command ing officer to Washington will express the belief that one periscope was shat tered. A third submarine was sighted, but at a great distance and it submerged immediately. The passengers expressed the great est admiration for the marksmanship of the American gunners as shown both in practice and against the ene my. Delaware Leads in Red Cross Gifts. Washington, July 2.—Latest tabula tions by the American Red Cross show that Delaware led all other states in per capita contributions to the Red Cross fund, with a rate of $5. Figures for other states include: Michigan, $1.18 Montana, 94 cents Illinois, 88 cents Oregon, 82 cents Minnesota, 65 cents Wisconsin, 48 cents Iowa, 40 cents North Dakota, 11 cents South Dakota, 9 cents. 6eized Boats Aid Shipping Problem. Washington, July 2.—A long stride toward the solution of the shipping and transport problems has been tak en by the President. He signed an executive order turning over to the United States Shipping board through 87 seized German vessels, a total ton nage of 500,000. These ships will be used in trans-Atlantic service. Some of them already have become trans ports. The President authorizes the shipping board to repair, commission and man them for use by the gov ernment or under lease or charter. DRIFT OUTLINED BY THE PRESIDENT DETAILS OF EXEMPTION PRO VISIONS ARE SHOWN— FOR MATION OF COUNTY AND DISTRICT BOARDS. CLASS EXEMPTIONS NOT TO FIGURE IN THE PUN President Makes Explanatory State ment Regarding Operation of the Law—Who May be Ex empted—Other Points of Interest Are Shown. Washington, July 3.—Regulations to govern the next step toward se lecting a national war army from the millions registered for service on June 5, were issued today at the direction of President Wilson. The regulations leave to be pre scribed later the manner of deter mining the order of liability of the men registered but set forth in great detail the method of arriving at ex emptions and the work generally of the local district boards already named to carry out the task3. Exemption regulations add little to the terms of the draft law. The ques tions of whether a man between the ages of il and 30 is entitled to ex emptions because of dependents, the nature of his occupation or physical unfitness aie for the board to decide. It is made clear however, thrjre are to be no class exemptions and that each individual case must be decided on it) merits. County and District Boards. The county board will pass upon claims for exemptions except those based upon industrial or agricultural occupation subject to appeal to the district boards. All cases involving agricultural or industrial exemptions will be passed on by the district board—one for each judicial district which will also decide appeals from decisions of the local board. In the near future a date will be set by Brig. Gen. Crowder for the meeting and organizing of the boards. At the same time it is exoested tliat the selection regulations will be pro mulgate that the prospects may be put under way without delay. The present intention is to call the men selected about Sept. 1, or as soon thereafter as the cantonments to house them can be completed. In a statement accompanying the announcement of tlie regulations the president called upon the boards to do their work fearlessly and im partially and to remember that "our armies at the front will be strength ened or sustained if they be com posed of men free from any sense of injustice In their mode of selection." President's Statement. The statement follows: "The regulations which I am today causing to be promulgated pursuant to the direction of the selective ser vice law, cover the remaining steps of the plan for calling into the ser vice of the United States qualified men from those who have registered, those selected to constitute with the regular army, the national guard and the navy, the fighting forces of the nation, all of which forces are, under the terms of the law, placed in a po sition of equal right, dignity and re sponsibility with the members of all other military forces. "The regulations have been drawn with a view to the needs and circum stances of the whole country and provide a system which it is expect ed will work with the least inequality and personal hardships. Any system of selecting men for military service' whether voluntary or involuntary in. its operation necessarily selects some men to bear the burden of the na-1 tion by sacrifice in actual service.! This places all men on an even plane and then by a selection which neith er favors the one nor penalizes the' other, calls out the requisite number for service. Depends On Loyalty. "The successful operation of this law and these regulations depends necessarily on the loyalty, patriotism and justice of the members of the' board to whom its operation is com mitted and I admonish every mem ber of every local board and every district board of review, that their duty to their country requires an im partial and fearless performance of the delicate and difficult duties en trusted to them. They should re member as to each individual case presented to them they are called on to adjudicate the most sacred right of the individual and to preserve un tarnished the honor of the nation "Our armies at the front will be strengthened and sustained if they I be composed of men free from any! sense of injustice in the mode of their selection and they will be in spired to loftier efforts in behalf of a country in which the citizens called upon to perform high public func tions perform them with justice, fearlessness and impartiality." Upon organization, the local boards will take all registration cards which they will number serially and list SALES PASS HALF MILLION. St. Paul, July 3.—Stock sales of the Equity Co-operative exchange wi pass the half million dollar mark within the next ten days, according to G- Writes. general manager who returned today from North Dakota. Anticipation of a big crop js larcrelv responsible for increased invest ment by farmers. Among eo-opera tives which took $1,000 worth of stock during the last week. Mr. Crites an nounced today, were those at Lisbon. os)y and Ypsilanti. The Cayuga elevator took $500 worth feve" of. ('n,-sl,.v for $4,300 worth of stock. THE HOPE PIONEER GOVERNMENT READY FOR BIG CONSCRIPTION TASK subscribed for posting by which the order of liability for service shall be deter mined. Of the quota to be drawn from its territory .(minus* credit for enlistments in the national guard or regular army) each board will pre pare a list of persons designated for service in the order of their liability, post the list, give it to the press and within three days send notice to each designated person by mail. As the men so notified appear, the board will first make a physical examina tion accordance with regulations to be provided, bearing in mind all persons accented by them will be ex amined by army surgeons. Those Exempted. If the physical examination is passed successfully, then comes the question of exemption. Persons who must be discharged by the local board include: Officers of the Unit ed States, of the states, territories and D. C„ ministers of religion, stu dents of divinity, persons in the mili tary or naval service of the United States, subjects of Germany, all other aliens who have not taken out first papers, county and municipal officers, customs officers, workmen in federal armories, arsenals and navy yards, persons in the federal service designated by the president for ex empt in, pilots, merchant marine sailors, those with a status with re spect to dependents which renders their exclusion desirable (a! married man with dependent wife or child, son- of dependent widow, son of dependent, aged or infirm .parent or brother of dependent orphaned child under 16 years of age), those found morally deficient and any member of any well organized relig ious sect existing May 18, 1917, whose creed forbids participation in war and whose religious convictions accord with the creed. Claims for exemption because of dependents may be made by the man himself, his wife or other dependents or by a third party who has person ally investigated the case. A claim made by the husband must be ac companied by supporting affidavits signed by the wife and by the head of a family residing in the same territory. A claim by the wife or third party must be accompanied by two supporting affidavits signed by heads of families. Similar rules govern claims on grounds of other dependents when dependents of third parties file claims with supporting affidavits. In each case the board ffnust be satisfied be fore it grants exemptions that the dependents are supported mainly by the fruits of the men's mental or physical efforts. District Board Decision Final. Local boards are required, subject to appeal, to pass upon claims for exemption or discharge within three days after the filing of affidavits. District boards must decide appeal cases within live days after the clos ing of proofs and their decisions are final. If the ruling of a local board is affirmed the person in question stands finally accepted for military service. In passing on claims for exemption on grounds of employment in necessary industrial and agricultural occupa tions the district board must be con vinced that the particular enterprise affording such employment actually is necessary to the maintenance of the military establishment or nation al interest during the emergency. "The evidence must also establish," th? regulations say, "even if the par ticular industrial enterprise or agri cultural enterprise is found necessary for one of the above purposes that the continuance of such person there in is necessary to the maintenance thereof, and that he cannot be re placed by another person without direct, substantial material loss and detriment to the adequate and effec tive operation of the particular in dustrial enterprise or agricultural en terprise in which he is engaged. "Later the president may from time to time designate certain in dustries or classes of industries that are necessary and the district board will be notified. It will be the duty of each board, however, to ascertain the available labor supply for such industries outside the men called for military service and to take the re sults into consideration in determin ing such things." "If in the opinion of the district board," this section of the regulation concludes, "the direct substantial material loss to any such industrial or agricultural enterprise outweighs the loss that would result from fail ure to obtain the military service of any such persons, a certificate of dis charge may be issued to him Certificates of exemption will not necessarily be permanent. They may be revoked with cbapging con ditions or may be grantee only for prescribed periods. LOST SUFFRAGIST FOUND. New York, July 3.—Word that Miss Velma Pomeroy, well known in suff rage circles had been found in Phila delphia, was received here today and her father, Chas. W. Pomeroy, form erly a supreme court judge in Mon tana left for that place. She was reported missing last week. REVOLUTION FEARED. Washington, July 3.—The restora tion of the Manchu" dynasty in China has been demanded by army officers of the president of the republic, re ports from Ambassador Reinsch to day stated. Revolution is feared, it is said. FRENCH SHIP SUNK. Paris, July 3.—The French steamer Himalaya With 204 passengers and crew has been sunk as the result of an explosion in the Mediterranean. One hundred and seventy-six persons were saved. TWO TOWNS BOMBED. Rome, July 3.—Venice has been again attacked by Austrian airplanes, the war office announces. The Ital ians raided Trieste in reprisal. The statement follows: "A group of enemy airplanes raid ed Venice, Murario and Chioggia (the last two towns are near Venice) on Friday night. Bombs were thrown on houses. There were no victims. Anti aircraft batteries bombarded the air planes vigorously and there is rea son to believe two raiders were hit. "By way of immediate reprisal Italian seaplanes bombarded the in dustrial quarters of Trieste." INCREASED RATES ARE DENIED ROADS BY COMMISSI INTERSTATE COMMERCE BODY FINDS CARRIERS SHOW SUB STANTIAL AND INCREASING FINANCIAL PROSPERITY. SLIGHT RELIEF GRANTED TO EASTERN RAILROADS Horizontal Raise of Fifteen Per Cent Is Found Not Justified—Western and Southern Roads Turned Down—Coal, Coke and Iron Rate Increases Allowed. Washington, July 2.—The Inter state Commerce commission has de nied the plea of the railroads of the United States for a horizontal increase of 15 per cent in freight rates. In its 'decision the commission in dicated its willingness to increase class rates in the eastern district ap proximately 14 per cent. Since about one-foHrth of the freight handled is moved under class rates, the decision virtually allows the eastern lines about 4 per cent increase in gross freight revenue. Increases sought in rates on coal, coke and iron ore will be granted. The commission found, as a result of extended hearings, that the car riers generally showed a substantial and increasing financial prosperity and that they had ample resources with which to conduct transportation. Little Sympathy for Roads. Little sympathty was given the ar guments of the roads that they were victims of war prices, the commission holding that the carriers have profited by the mobilization of troops. The commission finds that the gloomy forecasts of jeopardized in comes seen by railroad officials early in 1917 have not been borne out by the figures available for later months. The proceedings were brought in March when the returns for February was one of the worst months in railroad history. The subsequent months have shown increasing revenues, while ex penses have in many cases failed to amount to the extent the carriers' offi cials feared. Rates Authorized. The commission authorized the fol lowing raises in class rates for points north of the Ohio, east of the Missis sippi—First class from 78.8 to 90 sec ond class from 68.3 to 79 third class from 52.5 to 60 fourth class from 36.8 to 42 fifth class, 31.25 to 36 sixth class, 26.3 to 30 cents per hundred pounds. The commission found in general that the effects of the Adamson eight hour basic day and of the increased cost of fuel, supplies and materials had not affected the southern and western carriers as greatly as it af fected the eastern carriers. DUNN IS FOUND GUILTY OF FIRST DEGREE MURDER Penalty Is Imprisonment for Life Case Was in Hands of Jury for Three Hours. St. Paul, July 2.—Guilty is the ver dict of the jury that tried F. J. Dunn on charge of having instigated the murder of his wife, Mrs. Alice McQuil lan Dunn, by the Joe Redenbaugh gang, by whom he was charged with having paid $3,000, through Mike Moore, for the commission of the crime. The penalty is life imprisonment, capital punishment having been abol ished in Minnesota. The case undoubt ed will be appealed. Dunn's defense was that he did not conspire to bring about the murder of his wife, and that her death was the result of an attempt of the Red enbaugh gang to rob her of her dia monds, the robbery and murder hav ing been without his knowledge. He pleaded not guilty when ar raigned before District Judge H. O. Hanft, May 28, and went to trial June 14. It took five days to obtain a jury, the largest number of talesmen ever called in a Ramsey county case hav ing been examined because of the wide notoriety the case gained. The jury was out three hours. CANADA TO PASS DRAFT BILL Ottawa, June 30.—Canada's bitterly debated conscription bill is expected to become law, despite the threat in com mons from Alphone Verville, Labor member, of a general strike unless the proposed measure is first submit ted to the people. The general feeling is that the bill will pass in the house with from 40 to 60 majority and that it will un doubtedly be carried in the upper house. French Nickname Yankees "Sammies Washington, July 2.—Gen. perI shing's fighting men in France have been nicknamed the Sammies. Uncle Sam's boys, and the title bids fair to stick. It will take its place alongside of Tommies for the British. Poilus for the French and Boehes for the Ger mans. In connection with temporary training behind the lines, the Sammies will learn more than they have pre viously been taught as to bomb and gas attacks and similar means of mod ern warfare, as utilized in the present great conflict. TERRIFIC FORCE IS IIIE STARTED BV SLAVS PICKED DIVISIONS OF MUSCOVITE ARMY, UNDER OLD LEADER, RE ENTER WORLD CONFLICT WITH RENEWED ENERGY. FIERCE BATTLE IS RAGING ON EIGHTEEN-MILE FRONT Present Goal Is Same As That of One Year Ago, Lemberg, Capital of Austria's Crown Land—Russians Are Plentifully Supplied Witt Munitions Lacking Before. London, July 3.—Back into the con flict Russia has jumped. Under the leadership of the same general who a year ago stopped the German drive on Verdun and made possible the Allied success on the Somme, picked divis ions of the Muscovite army have swung on their Teuton opponents. A terrific Russian drive is on. The attacking front is on northeastern Galicia exactly where Brusiloff was forced to stop last fall because the czar's munitions and transportation ministers left him in the lurch. The goal, too, is the same as a year ago—Lemberg, capital of Austria's crown land. On a .front of 18 miles the Russians charged with death-de fying gallantry, are charging still, de spite the fact that their initial onrush according to Berlin, met with a san guinary check. On the Strypa river, which in this war has at times car ried more blood than water into the Dniester the battle once more is rag ing fiercest. In the fore of Brusiloff's storming columns are the valiant Cos sacks. They pride themselves with being the only group of Russian troops that have not a single desertion to record since the revolution. Contemptuous of Death. From dawn till dusk they surged forward again and again, with the same contempt of death that marked their onslaughts of a year ago. Of ammunition the Russian comman der seems to have plenty again. In every element his drive resembles that of June, 1916, notably in the element of surprise. It is the answer to the reported Hindenburg offer of an armistice pending the Russian elec tions. Brzezany, 39 miles southeast of Lemberg, is the chief objective of the offensive. Thence, a railway runs di rectly to the Galician capital. Some eight miles northward lies the little town of Koniuchy, due west of Tarno pol. Here the Russian assaults were particularly savage. It is the easiest point whence to gain the same rail way where it turns to the northeast to Lemberg. MUST CURTAIL DEMANDS WARNING TO STEEL USERS War Orders to Have Preference Over All Others Is Word Given Out by U. S. Chamber of Commerce. Washington, July 3.—Manufacturers of pleasure automobiles, steel furni ture and hundreds of other products using steel are warned in a bulletin issued by the United States Chamber of Commerce that they must curtail demands for steel in order to avoid a shortage. Ships for tfce navy and for the new merchant marine, locomo tives, railroad cars, rails and, in fact, all war orders will be given the pref erence by the steel mills of the coun try, says the bulletin. Manufacturers are urged to employ substitutes, such as lumber and con crete, wherever possible and to post pone extensive steel operations not absolutely in the interest of greater efficiency. Business men, the committee be lieves, must adjust business in the ex pectation of an order of distribution and that the wild scramble for future deliveries will end. NOT ONE U. S. SOLDIER IS LOST IN TRANSFER Paris, July 2.—Not a man was lost during the transfer of the American forces to France and there was not even a case of seri ous illness, said Major General Pershing on his return to his headquarters after a quick trip to the port of debarkation. "The men landed in splendid morale, with keen, confident and eager spirit," he said. "Their physical appearance is truly inspiring. They are exceptionally well camped and cared fori Canadian Officers Reserve Formed Ottawa, June 30.—Sir Edward Kemp, minister of militia and defense, announ ces the formation of a "reserve of of ficers^ for the Canadian expeditionary force. His announcement said: There are many officers who, for no other reason than that there were va cant no suitable appointments which could be offered them in Canada, have from time to time been struck ofT the strength of the Canadian expeditionary force. They are now to be restored to it with the rank and seniority which they held therein."