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IS: UOSTHE LEAGUE IT IKE RICE T. J. Meighen Declines to Make Race For State Treasurer on League Ticket. T. J. Meighen of Preston will not lie the Nonpartisan League candidate for state treasurer. In a letter to the League officials, he states that while he appreciates the high honor conferred on him he felt that owing to the fact that he was an accredited and regularly elect ed delegate to the Democratic con ference held at St. Paul last week, he is duty bound not to accept an indorsement from any other source. Mr. Meighen pays a high tribute to the League however, nad says that it is the only way in which justice can be obtained. "I wish to add," says Mr. Meighen, "that I feel highly honored by the endorsement of the state con vention of the Nonpartisan League, as I am reliably informed that this meeting was largely attended, nearly fifty legislative districts in the state being represented, that the Delegation was representative of the best citizen ship in our State, many of the older men present were my co-workers in the old Farmers Alliance Organiza tion of this State, and I ami pleased beyond my power of expression to feel that I possess in some degree the confidence of such a sterling body of men. The Farmers Alliance placed the Twine Plant in the State Prison at Stillwater nearly thirty years ago which has saved the farmers of this state many thousand of dollars annually. "Your platform rings true to the interests of the producers of this State, and you are bound to bring relief also to the consumers, the great mass of workers in our cities, by eliminating the men, who have been exacting excessive toll from them as well as the farmer. I am free to pronounce it the greatest declaration of independence ever put forth by any political organization in this state. You start very properly with a strong indorsement of the position of our country in this world war as voiced by President Wilson. "In State matters, your convention had the courage not evidenced by any other organization in thiij. state to declare for a tonnage tax on the iron ore production. If this were done, our state should have received last year at least ten million dollars in excess of what was collected. This vast sum of which we are despoiled would assist materially in the build ing of our roads and the support of our schools. "I have little hope that the people of this state will ever succeed in obtaining what they are fairly en titled to receive from this vast na tural deposit of wealth, save through a movement such as yours, which is backed by the reproducers of this state in country and city regardless of party. "The battle for democracy should be fought wherever and whenever Au tocracy raises its head, whether in Minnesota or on foreign soil. Over there it must be fought with bullets, here in Minnesota we are still priv ileged to fight, with the ballot. "Having a personal acquaintance with many members of your organiza tion and judging its spirit from my knowledge of these men and your platform declaration. I feel free to commend the League as being loyal to the high ideals for which 'the world democracy is now fighting." GOVERNMENT SHOULD PUT FARMERS ON THEIR FEET Politicians Are Driving Hundreds of Farmers to Work in Cities. The federal and state governments owe it to all the people of the nation to help put farmers on their feet. IFarm lands are rapidly concentrating in the hands of rich landowners, and hundreds of good farmers are' being driven to work in cities or become shiffless roamers. Why? Because politicians and business men are in terested more pillaging the farmer than in helping him to own a farm and establish himself for a lifetime in the country. Our country is head ed straight for destruction if this evil Is not corrected.—Montana Equity News. Why Matches Are Higher. The report of the Diamond Match company—the match trust—shows the profit to be $5,637,925 in 1917, an increase of over a million over the preceding year. The management also set aside $1,103,098 to meet fed eral war taxes and made a much larger appropriation for depreciation than in 1916. And the great Ameri can family paid it all. Didn't Stipulate As To Truth. One of the facts brought out in the Investigation of the packing industry was that the packers made liberal use of the press to "mould public opinion" in their behalf. It isn't recorded that they took special pains to tell the truth, which, of course, is not exactly" a rigid requirement of the capitalist press. Fortunately public opinion Is getting its eyes opened and thei packers' camoflauging words are over-shadowed by their un jorored deed*. CLEARED OF DISLOYALTY CHARGE Nonpartisan League Organizer is Acquitted by District Court Jury On First Ballot. L. W. Martin, Nonpartisan league organizer in Goodhue county, was ac quitted last Friday of a charge of making, disloyal remarks tending to obstruct the sale of Liberty bonds by a jury in the district court. The jury deliberated less than ah hour and Martin was acquitted on the first bal lot. Martin's arrest was the result of political persecution. He was un usually successful in organizing Good hue county and soon aroused the op position of a few professional politi cians and bankers who feared the in fluence of the league. A certain Dr. J. A. Gates, defeated candidate for lieutenant-governor, was especially active against Martin and is said to have boasted that he would drive him out of the} county. Politician Assaulted' Organizer. Dr. Gates assaulted Martin on one occasion and several times mob vio lence was incited against the plucky organizer. Hostile newspapers re peatedly published false rumors in the attempt to prejudice the people against Martin and to hamper his work. Last November Martin ad dressed a letter to the governor and the Public Safety Commission asking for an investigation of the charges against him. He said that if he were guilty he should be in jail, but that if he were innocent that he. was en titled to protection of the law. The governor ignored this letter and the Safety Commission failed either to in vestigate Or to protect Martin. Then Martin brought a suit against Dr. Gates for assault. His own arrest followed. It plainly was the result of a political conspiracy. All other methods had failed, and the gang fighting Martin evidently intended to put him behind the bars. Trial Vindicated Martin. The trial, conducted before Judge Albert Johnson of the district court, was a complete vindication for Mar tin. It was shown that instead of being disloyal, he had advocated sup port of President Wilson. It was shown that instead of obstructing the sale of Liberty bonds, the parts of Goodhue county where he' had spoken and organized we.re the sec tions where the sale of Liberty bonds was largest. The prosecution not only failed to make out a case against Martin, but the evidejice showed be yond question that he was an indus trious, hard-working young man of splendid character who was support ing his government by deeds as well as words. Joseph Gilbert, organization man ager of the league, and N. S. Ran dall, league lecturer, also, were in dicted through the efforts of the anti farmer gang which had Martin brought to trial. The cases against Gilbert and Randall have been post poned. The anti-farmer gang thought they had the strongest case against Martin and the failure of their'plot has made them less ready to push the other cases. The charges of disloyalty' made against the league in 'Southern Min nesota centered around the alleged remarks of Martin and his triumphant acquittal by a district court jury punctures the plot directed against the league. It was the first time that any league organizer was brdlight be fore a district court jury on a charge of disloyalty and the prompt vindication is a body blow to the opposition. TOWNLEY PLEASED WITH VERDICT Nonpartisan Head Says False Dis loyalty Charges Handicap Prose cution of War. President A. C. Townley is satisfied that the interests "who j3lace politics above patriotism" have been dealt a hard blow in the acquittal of L. W. Martin, who was so promptly cleared of charges of disloyalty by a Red Wing jury last Friday. The Setting Is GoOfjL It Is fitting that the great produc ing Northwest should be the first to start a movement for the emancipa tion of mankind from tyrannical in dustrial autocracy. Its people have been the worst sufferers of this rule, and should be the first to cast off the unnecessary load. (Farmers do, not want a higher price for wheat. They "Know that $3 wheat wouldn't net them any more, if as much, as $2 wheat, for the profiteers would boost what the farm er has to buy. What Congress should do is set lower prices on those ar ticles which farmers have to buy, —'Montana Equity News. Profiteers and Patrioteers. Senator Hiram W. Johnson, in dis cussing what he called "patrioteers," said: "A patrioteer is a politician, usually discredited, who seeks in time of war to cover every political scare by wrapping himself In the American flag, and by vocal vocifera tion of a pretended patriotism, en deavors to have his political past forgotten. I have little less con tempt for the patriot*(rr» than I bavi for the profiteeV* WAR DEPARTMENT INTENDS TO LET ENLISTED MEN GO HOME TO SOW AND HARVEST. HOW TO MAKE APPLICATION Many Drafted Men Have Been Ex cused Under Vocation Provisions— Trade Tests Used to Secure Skilled Workers for Army. (From Committee on Public Information.) Washington.—For the purpose of augmenting agricultural production it Is the Intention of the war depart ment to grant furloughs to enlisted men to enable them to engage in farm ing during the present season. Com manding officers may grant such fur loughs within prescribed rules when ever it appears they will contribute to increased farm production. Furloughs may be given by com manding officers of posts, camps, can tonments, divisions, and departments. They will be for short periods, large ly for seeding and harvesting time. They will not be granted to enlisted men of or above the grade of first ser geant, nor in an organization that has been ordered to move or is in transit from points of mobilisation or training to a port of embarkation. All furloughs granted will be recalled and the men ordered to their organizations when they have received preparatory orders for duty overseas: .. Furloughs granted for farm work will he without pay and allowances, except that enough pay will be re tained in each case to meet allotments In force on the day of the order, war risk insurance, and pledges on Lib erty bonds. For specially qualified experts in agriculture furloughs may be granted by the secretary of war upon applica tion by tlie secretary of agriculture, providing such furloughs are volun tarily accepted by the persons for whom application is made. Individual applications for furloughs submitted by relatives will be on a forrfl to be furnished by local draft boards. Two sections are to be made out and presenteel to the local board, which can complete the form. If the furlough is granted the appli cation will be filed by the command ing officer and a certificate furnished the soldier. If not granted, tiie appli cation will be returned with reasons for disapproval. If the soldier initiated the applica tion he will give the name of the per son for whom he desires to work, from whom will be ascertained the need for farm service. Furloughs inay be granted en bloc to men who are willing to accept them, upon requests of farmers, when time consumed in traveling from the post to the place of labor will not exceed 24 hours. In making these applica tions farmers will use a form of the provost marshal general's office, also going to the local board. Under provisions of the selective service law making specified vocations a ground for exemption or discharge, apart from the "necessary Industries" d^nlt with by the district boards. 67, 716 men were excused from military duty. Of the men exempted. 1.6G5 were fed eral or state officers ministers. 3.976 divinity students, 3.144 in the military and naval service, 47,822. County and municipal officials num bering 889 were discharged custom house clerks, 171 mail employees, 1.476 arsenal workmen, 2.358 fed eral employees designated by the pres ident, 1,777 pilots, 1,772 mariners, 2,666. The alien property custodian has been given power to sell, at private sale without advertisement, enemy owned live stock, feed or food stuffs, hides and other animal products, agri cultural products, fertilizers, chem icals, drugs, essential oils, lumber, cotton, tobacco, furniture, hooks, glass and china ware, wearing apparel, jew elry. precious stones, pictures, orna ments, bric-a-brac, objects of art, raw or finished textile materials, trunks, boxes, partially or completely manufactured metals, fabrics, rubber and rubber products, and all kinds of merchandise, in lots having a market value of not more than $10,000. Such sales may be held at places and under conditions prescribed by the alien property custodian. Federal reserve banks are to redis count notes secured by farm tract ors. according to the department, of agriculture. Instructions have been issued to all federal reserve banks au thorizing them to rediscount tractor paper presented by any member hank, provided it has maturity not exceeding six months and the tractors are pur chased for agricultural purposes. In Oklahoma, county councils of de fense are securing pledges from auto mobile owners to furnish transporta tion to speakers for community coun cils. The pledge provides that the chairman of the county council may hire a car at the expense of any signer who falls to furnish transportation at the time promised. Investigations by the department of agriculture in 15 states show that of a total of 6.836,492 sheep, 34,683 were billed by dogs in one year and were •aid for by the counties. THE HOPE PIONEER •. MI i' .imw wiuii To increase the accuracy of select ing skilled workers among the enlist ed men a system of trade tests has been developed. Exact and compre hensive definitions of the more than 600 different trades represented lnvthe military organization have been brought together in a 300-page book, "Trade Specifications." Tables have been prepared showing the detailed needs of each unit for skilled and semiskilled workers. Work' has been done in refining methods of selecting and training men for-special duties In the navy, special service regarding se lection of aviators, assistance to pro vost marshal general on the question naire, and assistance rendered the sur geon general for general Intelligence tests for enlisted men and officers. The war-service exchange of the committee on classification of per sonnel answers inquiries of persons de siring to serve the army. It In forms the department of labor of the needs which the war department has for men. The committee on public Information has made public editorial comment In the German press on the revelations In the Reichstag main committee In connection with Investigations of the Daimler Motor Works. It was shown that the Daimler company was earning 173 per cent, profit per annum, the company's sworn statement placing the profits at 11 per cent, and while the company was earning 400,000,000 marks monthly In excess of Its peace time profits it had threatened to re duce output unless higher prices were paid. The Berliner Tageblatt (Lib eral), said: "Energetic action of the authorities and the Reichstag is demanded. Such enterprises as the Daimler firm are not' compelled to submit books for in spection, while every little trader sell ing vegetables must show his profits. We demand government confiscation of Illegal profits and, if necessary, state control." Vorwaerts (Government Socialist), said: "The Raimler revelations will hardly occasion the same surprise in financial circles as among the masses. The Daimler company's purpose was not to deceive the financial world, but the authorities, so that its real profits might be kept from the public's knowl edge. The* company reckoned upon the commercial ignorance of the gov ernment and tills experience shows that such reliance is usually justified." Attention of fertilizer manufactur ers and dealers has again been called to the necessity of taking out federal licenses. All fertilizer manufacturers, includ ing mixers, even though their out put may be small, are required to take out licenses. Agents and dealers do ing exclusively a retail business, whose gross sales do not amount to more than $100,000 a year, are not re quired to take out licenses or to make applications for blanks. However, any retail dealer or agent whose gross sales amount to more than $100,000 and who does not apply for a license, is liable under the provisions of the act of congress providing for the gov ernmental control of the industry. Application for license should be made to the law department, license division, United States food adminis tration, Washington, D. C.' American soldiers and sailors In Ger man prison camps prior to April 12, 1918, will not he deprived of their rights to war-risk insurance because of inability to make personal applica tion, provided such application is made in their behalf. According to a statement by the sec retary of the treasury, applications for insurance may be made in behalf of such prisoners by persons within the permitted class of beneficiaries un der the military and naval insurance law. This class includes wife, child, parent, brother, or sister. Application should be made to the bureau of war risk insurance, at Washington, D. C. The health of troops in the United States continues very good, according to a recent report to the surgeon gen eral of the army by the division of field sanitation. Admission, nonef fective and death rates are somewhat higher than last report, due chiefly to prevalence of influenza and bronchitis with complicating pneumonia, In many of our northern camps. National Guard camps, as a group, continue with remarkably low rates. Very few new cases of measles and meningitis have occurred. National army camps continue to have high sick rates as compared with camps of other groups, though the rates are lower than last report. Scat tering cases of measles are reported from all camps. Field and garden seed are uncondi tionally exempted from all embargoes, according to the department of agri culture. Instructions are issued to all railroads to do everything possible to expedite the movement of seed. Over 200,000 applications for insur ance by officers and enlisted men of the naval service had been filed by March 31. The average amount of in surance on each policy was about $7, 300. making a total of more than $1. 500,000,000. Payments on war-risk allotments are now about $1,000,000 a month. Wednesday, April 3, was a peak day In sales of war savings stamps, when .$4,120,932 was recorded at the treas ury for the day's receipts from stamp sales. IMPI0VED UHlFOUf pitUVATHMAL LESSON (By REV. P. B. FITZWATER, D. D.. Teacher of English Bible In the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.) (Copyright,. 1918, Wei tern Newspaper Union. LESSON FOR APRIL 21 JESUS TRANSFIGURED, OR A FOREGLEAM o£ THE KINGDOM OF GOD. LESSON TEXT-Mark »:2-29. GOLDEN TEXT—This is my beloved Son: hear ye Him.—Mark 9:7. ADDITIONAL MATERIAL FOR TEACHERS-Matthew 17:1-20 Luke 9:28 43: II Peter 1:1-21. PRIMARY TOPIC—With JesUs on the mountain. INTERMEDIATE TOPIC-Meeting dif ficulties with prayer. ADDITIONAL MATERIAL—James 6:15 18. SENIOR AND ADULT TOPIC-Vislon and service. The hopes of the disciples were crushed when Christ announced his death on the cross. They were unable to see how victory could Issue from death. Jesus took with him Peter, James and John, and went Into the mountain apart by themselves. Ac cording to Luke, they went there to pray (Luke 9:28). While, doubtless, he longed for fellowship and sympathy as the shadows of the cross were fall ing upon him, his chief desire was to get the disciples apart and Into a state of receptivity, so that he might show them the methods of the kingdom. Be fore going Into the mountain, he de clared that there were some standing in his presence who would not taste of death till they had seen the kingdom of God come with power (v. 1). That their drooping spirits might be revived and their confidence restored, he was transfigured before them. The disci ples sorely needed such a vision. If' the faith of the disciples was to be kept through the dark hour of the cross which was looming large before them the light of the eternal must beam forth. The disciple now, as then, needs a glimpse of the glory be yond the cross in order to face the is sues of. the hour. I. Jesus Christ Glorified on the Mountain (vv. 2. 3). He took his dis ciples "by themselves" and was "trans figured before them." This shows the purpose terminated upon the disciples and not upon himself. Christ's rebuke of Peter for his unwillingness to hear concerning his death apparently for a time estranged the disciples from him. To heal this breech, an unusual trans action was required. His "shining rai ment" was typical of that glory which shall be manifest when he comes back to the earth. II. Peter, James and John Repre sent Israel in the Flesh in Connection With the Kingdom (v. 2). Christ Is peculiarly the King of Israel. Accord ing to Ezekiel 37:21-27, they are to be the central people in the kingdom. This people shall be gathered from among the nations, united as one in that kingdom in their own country. III. Moses and Ellas Appeared in Glory With Jesus (vv. 4-13). These men In the gloriified state are typical of the state of the saints in glory. Moses, who was once denied an entrance to Palestine, appears now In glory, repre senting the redeemed of the Lord who shall pass through death into the king dom. The thousands of the Lord who have fallen asleep, at Christ's coming shall be awakened and pass into the kingdom through translation. Many shall be living upon the earth when the Lord shall come, and they, with out dying, shall be changed and pass into the kingdom (1 Cor. 15:50-53 1 Thess. 4:14-18). 1. Peter's-foolish proposal (vv. 5, G). Moses and Ellas, who had been a long time in glory, would be ill at home in a tabernacle on the mountain side. It would have been to Peter's credit to have been silent, since he knew not what to say. 2. The Divine voice out of the cloud (vv. 7, 8). He is declared to be the beloved Son In whom God is well pleased. When one desires to know what pleases God, look at his perfect Son, Jesus Christ. 3. Jesus' charge (vv. 9-13). He instructed them that they should tell no man concerning the things which they had seen until he had risen from the dead. IV. The Mighty Power of the Divine Servant (vv. 14-29). When they de scended from the mountain, they saw a great multitude in a state of per plexity. The immediate cause of their perplexity was the grievous state of a young man who was possessed with a demon (v. 18). The father of the the young man had appealed to the disciples to cast the demon out, but they were unable. When they brought him to Jesus, the foul spirit was re buked (v. 25), and came forth. This young man's state Is representative of the nations who are oppressed by the devil. The people were grievously op pressed. There are times when the devil is especially active in the op pression of men. During Christ's so journ on earth he seems to have been very active, and we have reason to be lieve from the Scriptures that just pre ceding his second coming he will be even more active for he knows that his time is short. One of the orcinous signs of the imminent coming of the Lord is the almost universal activity of the devil among the natious In this hour. AVhen he comes he will cast out the demons, and the nations shall be brought Into the kingdom which bf will establish (bw. 11:10-12). Dollars Are Needed as Exemplifi cation of Spirit. TIME TO BUY LIBERTY BONDS Citizens Must Lend Their Financial' Assistance to Government to For ever Eliminate Effects of Ger many's Influence. By GEORGE E. BOWEN of the Vigilantes. In the main, it cannot be said or America that sh# is without her Amer icans, or that the faith and service of the mass is un-American in spirit. Dollars do not always go with de mocracy, but when informed, inspired, and enlisted they can be mighty useful to it. There has been a mistaken idea iii certain sections of America that dol lars, according to the number of them,, spelled "aristocracy." They don't. That is an imported Idea. And that it is perishihg in the land of its origin, witness the war an9 the consternation of the few aristo crats, both external and inbred. There have been, possibly are, a few external aristocrats In America,, who, in a moment of excessive vanity measured their social importance by the size of their material fortunes. The war erased that absurd notion,, almost with the first blare of the trumpet. Millionaire Privates in Ranks. There are millionaire privates in the ranks of the American army and navy who have renounced all the prestige of fortune for the prvilege of comrade ship. In the crucial test humanity was first, last, and all the way between, Men are more than money. The outer veneer has been quickly shed. The man has emerged. What he thought was his pride, in days of social and financial triumph,, he finds was but a cheap and trivial, plaything. Now, his real pride is a thing of purpose, power and dignity. Before the war is over, dollars that hid in aristocratic seclusion or vaunt ed themselves in ostentatious power are going voluntarily and humbly to join the forces of democracy. After the war they are going to de velop a system of popular redistribu tion relieving the old congestion whose fevers broke out in many forms of lux ury qnd extravagance incompatible with universal contentment. The only aristocracy America wants or needs is of the heart and of the mind. The shoulder touch of men on the march or In the trenches has welded this feeling into a living creed, a sav ing faitli. The escutcheon of American man hood may bfe either a splash of Bel gian mud or a splotch of German blood. Drawing True Men Together. In place of the dollar crest will be the sign of the courage test. There was a lot of sound democracy in the old ultimatum—"millions for de fense, but not one cent for tribute." Therein is the basic principle of re sistance of Prussianlsm. That prin ciple is drawing all true men together It Is putting service above self. It Is asking America to take the gold of vanity and pour it into the cause of humanity. The spirit of democracy Is the only vital, uncompromising thing in a hu man world. It laughs at dollars and dynamite and royal degenerates. The America annointed of this spirit is at last, to carry it forth to a perish ing world. And the despised American dollar shall, with the courage, generosity and chivalry of American manhood, be the instrument of salvation. The day of contribution is at hand. Where is your dollar? NO EXEMPTION It you cannot launch a bullet at the fiend across the sea. Buy a bond! It will reach its little target stralghter than a homing bee- Buy a bond! If you've bought a lot before, Don't believe you've done your chore Buy a half a dozen more! 9 Buy a bond! —Strickland Gillilan. First Colonial General Hospital. It was on February 7, 1751, that the first general hospital was chartered in the colonies—-the Pennsylvania state hospital In Philadelphia. Joshua Cros by was the first president of the in stitution, and Benjamin Franklin, who had been prominent in urging the es tablishment of an institution for the care of the sick, was the first clerk. It was In this hospital In 1769 that Thom as Bond gave the first clinical Instruc tion in America. The Difficulty. "I understand young Loftus draws quite a small salary In Ills clerical' work. He could make much more just now by going into a factory." "Yes, but then he would hare to draw wages." Some Needed. "That baby does nothing but scream all the time." "Well, dear, I'm as loyal as you are, bnt you must agree with me that this Is one case where we must be paci fUts."