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46 iaiiMwtn a iq I Jij Shipped on -Approval mttleg. ••raota w*Btai drf«« Md dweMSaS'lC ISS By Henry George (Original Single Tax Advocate.) "I do not propose either to pur chase or to confiscate private property in land. The first would be unjust the second needless. Let the Individuals who now hold it still retain, If they want to,.possession of what they are pleased to call THEIR land. Let them continue to call it THEIR land, let them buy and sell and bequeath and Revise it. We may safely leave them the shell, if we take the KERNEL." "It is not necessary to confiscate land it is only necessary to confis cate the rent. In this way the state may become the universal landlord without calling herself so." POLITICAL ADVERTISING. The Single Tax and Land Values THAT THE LEADERS OF THE LEAGUE HAVE OFFICIALLY HERALDED Frederic C. Howe's Book, "The High Cost of Living" as "The League Text Book," it is certainly Fair and Proper to quote from it as correctly voiciug the sentiment of tliA league leaders. Here is what "The League Text Book" says: A LEAGUE TEXT-BOOK Every League booster will have to do a lot of arguing during this campaign. Everybody will be asking you questions on the League pro gram. Can you hold your own in argument Can you answer .these questions? Don't you wish a thousand times that you knew more facts and could put up a better argument? 'tnl tfc** w'» g»v« you the anmunltion for this fisht. It is by £SSdSliSjLflSS&. regular League textbook. TheWSy* ?KU^nTT LZ rji ii if Ul* "J'1 »old Adljww Jp.-rr» I Sii-kt Cat. Opportunity t*Ny(er ftootor ypqraewliatn—. gaklB# —to*?. SfeloaMDta yroapt.^a|^ felSIS IIOTW CODUli BaikTm|I«, Tlni|i. Otaila 'Mention the Leader When y^ilng Advertisers —Jurnante (NuxatSd ,, \m m. the package. If you have taken preparation? tor THE HOPE PIONEER *1-50. While it was well worth could sell it for lees wc could get more copies in circula- •1 nn J5? wrote the publisher and we have bought a special League edition to sell for •1.00 per copy to League members. *Hf TjyWb,r llmlt*4—r't "ar CTdrr ta onc#- ,,'/i*1 following coupon, pin a dollar bill to it and you will receive by return tnal! the beet book you ever read on the farmer^v problems and the League proyran* THE NATIONAL NONPARTISAN LEAGUE. BdueationaLJDept. Endicott Bid*.. St Paul. Minn. SlMltted find 11.00 for which plem send «ae' Howe's "High Cost of Living." N aQfMywi'm« .« MfttfVOriMDi Von can't afford to bo without I MILITARY AIRSHIj k*ND MRACHt Bor»lb»r»'«t)i»»r»«lJC» ri4i«viXr nodal unbip. "If the tax upon the land was increased to 2 percent, on the actual value it would become such a burden that owners would seek some' means of escape from it. A tax rate of 2 per cent on land valued at $100 an acre would amount to $2 per acre. "For as taxes on land are increased the PRICE of the LAND DIMINISHES. If the tax amounted to 5 or 6 per cent of the selling value, land would have VERY LITTLE VALUE. And the taxation of all land values up to the full amount of the rental values is the aim of those who believes in the single tax philosophy." Leave Them The Shell We Take The Kernel From Statement of Henry George, Original Single Tax Advocate Missouri Defeated the Single Tax, 508,137 to 86,647 GM MI with I wrnteUt... •n oroo." txmibi. vm arap vmt EBHBBVrtts biiMorioni indwtr tfalaTui "Of all the measures proposed for the solution of these problems the taxation of land values is the simplest and most effective." "This reform, known generally as the single tax, is com paratively easy to inaugurate. It can be put into effect by the legislature of any State or by a county where home rule in taxation exists, by an act which exempts from local taxation all houses, barns, improvements, growing crops, machinery, and personal property of every nature. By merely exempting these kinds of property from taxation all taxes will au tomatically fall upon the land. No other taxes will be levied. As a result the taxes on land will be automatically increased." Read carefully the Words of Frederic Howe and Henry George,—Think of the possibilities of unlimited public debt. It is only fair that idle land be taxed to pay its fair share of cost of development but wouldn't it be wiser to sup port the idle lands tax measure now pending in Congress instead of exempting improvements and personal property, mortgages, notes, etc., from taxation? As taxes increase land values decrease. Single Tax is a Part of the Program of State-Wide Socialism Think This Over Carefully JOINT CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE UNCLE SAM'S ADV1CE0N FLU U. S. Publio Health Service Issues Official Health Bulletin on Influenza. LATEST WORD ON SUBJECT. Epldeinle Probably Not 8panlah In Origin—Germ Still Unknown—Peo ple Should Guard Against "Droplet Infection"—Surgeon General Blue Makea Authoritative Statemont. Washington, D. O.—(Special.)—Al though King Alfonso of Spain was one of the victims of the Influenza epi demic in 1893 and again this summer, Spanish authorities repudiule any claim to influenza as a "Spanish" dis ease. If the people of this country do not take care the epidemic will be come so widespread throughout the Cnited States that soon we shall hear the disease called "American" Influ enza. In response to a request for definite Information concerning Spanish influ enza, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the D. S. Public Health Service has authorized the following official Inter view: What is Spanish Influenza? Is it something new? Does It come from 8painf "The disease now occurring In this country and called 'Spanish Influen za' resembles a very contagious kind of 'cold,' accompanied by fever, pains Coughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases As Dangerous as Raison Gas Shells In the head, eyes, ears, back or other parts of the body and a feeling of se vere sickness. In most of the cases the symptoms disappear after three or four rta.vs, the patient then rapidly recover ing. Some of the patients, however, develop pneumonia, or inflammation of the ear, or meningitis, and many of these complicated cases die. Whether this so-called 'Spanish' Influenza is Identical with the epidemics of influen za of earlier years is not yet known. "Epidemics of influenza have visited this country since 1647. It is interest ing to know that this first epidemic was brought here from Valencia, Spain. Since that time there have been numerous epidemics of tbe'dis ease. In 1889 and 1890 an epidemic of influenza, starting somewhere in the Orient, spread first to Russia and thence over practically the entire civ ilized world. Three years later there was another flare-up of "the disease. B«th times the epidemic spread wlde Ty over the United States. "Although the present epidemic Is called 'Spanish Influenza,' there is no reason to believe that it originated In Spain. Some writers who hare studied the question believe that the epidemic came from the Orient and they call at tention to the fact that the Germans mention the disease as occurring along ttie eastern front In the summer and fall of 1917." How can "Spanish Influenza" be rec ognized? "There Is as yet no certain way in which a single case of 'Spanish Influ enza' can be recognized. On the oth er hand, recognition is easy where there is a group of caseC In contrast to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs and colds, which usually occur In the cold months, epidemics of influenza may occur at any season of the year. Thus the present epidemic raged most Intensely in Europe in May, June and July. Moreover, in the case of ordi nary colds, the general symptoms (fever, pain, depression) are by no means as severe or as sudden In their onset as they are in Influenza. Final ly, ordinary colds do not spread through the community so rapidly or ao extensively as does influenza. "In most cases a person taken sick with Influenza feels sick rather sud denly. He feels weak, has pains in the eyes, ears, head or back, and may be sore all over. Many patients feel dizzy, some vomit. Most of the pa tients complain of feeling chilly, and with this comes a fever In which the temperature rises to 100 to 104. In most cases the pulse remains relative ly slow. "In appearance one la struck by the fact that the patient looks sick. His eyes and the Inner side of his eyelids may be slightly 'bloodshot,' or 'con gested,' as the doctors say. There may be running from the nose, or there may be some cough. These signs of a cold may not be marked never theless the patient looks and feels very sick. "In addition to the appearance and the symptoms as already described, examination »f the patient's blood may aid the physician in recognizing 'Span ish influenza,' for it has been found tliui In this disease the nuniift white corpuscles shows little nn crease above the normal. Ii ble that the laboratory investing ion* now being made through the National Research Council and the Untied States Hygienic Laboratory will fur nish a-more certain way in which indi vidual cases of this disease can be recognized." What is the course of the disease? Do people die of It? "Ordinarily, the fever lasts from three to four days and (he patient re covers. But while the proportion of deaths In the present epidemic has generally'been low, in some places the outbreak has been severe nnd deaths'' have been numerous. When death oc curs It is usually the result of a com plication." What causes the disease and how Is It spread? "Bacteriologists who have studied In fluenza epidemics In the past have found In many of the cases a very Small rod-shaped germ called, after its discoverer, Pfelffer's bacillus. In other cases of apparently the same kind of disease there were found pneumococci, the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still others have been caused by strepto cocci, and by others germs with long names. "No matter what particular kind of germ causes the epidemic, It Is now believed thut Influenza Is always spread from person to person, the germs being carried with the air along with the very small droplets of mucus, expelled by coughing or sneezing, forceful talking, and the like by one who already has the germs of the dis ease. They may also be carried about in the air in the form of dust coming from dried mucus, from coughing and sneezing, or from careless people who spit ou the floor and on the sidewalk. As in most other catching diseases, a person who lias only a mild attack of the disease himself may give a very severe attack to others." What should be done by those who catch the disease? "It is very important that every per son wbo becomes sick with influenza should go bogie at once and go to bed. This will help keep away dangerous complications and will, at the same time, keep the patient from scattering the disease far and wide. It Is highly desirable that no one be allowed to sleep Ib the same room with the pa tient In fact, no one but the nurse should be allowed in the room. "If there is cough and sputum or running of the eyes and nose, care should be taken that all such dis charges are collected on bits of gauze or rag or paper napkins and burned. If the patient complains of fever and headache, he sh'ould be given water to drink, a cold compress to the forehead and a light sponge. Only such medi cine should be given as is prescribed by the doctor. It is foolish to ask the druggist to prescribe and may be dan gerous to take the so-called 'safe, sure and harmless' remedies advertised by patent medicine manufacturers. "If the patient is so situated that he can be attended only by some one who must also look after others in the fam ily, It is advisable that such attendant wear a wrapper, apron or gown over the ordinary house clothes while in the sick room and slip this off when leav ing to look after the others. "Nurses and attendants will do well to guard against breathing in danger ous disease germs by wearing a simple fold of gauze or mask while near the patient." Will a person who has had influenza before catch the disease again? "It is well known that a* attack of measles or scarlet fever or smallpox usually protects a person against an other attack of the same disease. This appears not to be true of 'Spanish in fluenza.' According to newspaper re ports the King of Spain suffered an attack of influenza during the epi demic thirty years ago, and was again stricken during the recent outbreak in Spain." How can one guard against influ enza? "In guarding against disease of all kinds, it is important that tfce body be kept strong and able to fight off dis ease germs. This cap be done by hav ing a proper proportion of work, play and rest, by keeping the body well clothed, and by eating sufficient whole some and properly selected food. In connection with diet, it is well to re member that milk ts one of the best all-around foods obtainable for adults as well as children. So far as a dis ease like influenza is concerned, health authorities everywhere recognize the very close relation between its spread and overcrowded homes. While it is not always possible, especially In times like the present, to avoid such overcrowding, people should consider the health danger and make every effort to reduce the home overcrowd ing to a minimum. The value of fresh air through open windows cannot be over emphasized. "When crowding is unavoidable, as in street cars, care should be taken to keep the face so turned as not to in hale directly the air breathed out by another person. "It is especially Important to be ware of the person who coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth and nose. It also follows that one should keep ont of crowds and stuffy places as much as possible, keep homes, offices and workshops well aired, spend some time out of doors each day, walk to work if at all prac ticable—in short, make every possible effort to breathe as much pure air as possible. "In all health matters follow the ad vice of your doctor and" obey the regu lations of your local and state health officers." "Cover up each cough and sneeze. If you don't you'll spread disease."