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The Hope pioneer. [volume] (Hope, N.D.) 1882-1964, October 17, 1918, Image 6

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87096037/1918-10-17/ed-1/seq-6/

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By Henry George
(Original Single Tax Advocate.)
"I do not propose either to pur
chase or to confiscate private
property in land. The first would
be unjust the second needless. Let
the Individuals who now hold it still
retain, If they want to,.possession of
what they are pleased to call THEIR
land. Let them continue to call it
THEIR land, let them buy and sell
and bequeath and Revise it. We
may safely leave them the shell, if
we take the KERNEL."
"It is not necessary to confiscate
land it is only necessary to confis
cate the rent. In this way the state
may become the universal landlord
without calling herself so."
The Single Tax and
Land Values
Frederic C. Howe's Book, "The High Cost of Living" as "The League Text Book," it
is certainly Fair and Proper to quote from it as correctly voiciug the sentiment of tliA
league leaders. Here is what "The League Text Book" says:
Every League booster will have to do a lot of arguing during this
campaign. Everybody will be asking you questions on the League pro
gram. Can you hold your own in argument Can you answer .these
questions? Don't you wish a thousand times that you knew more facts
and could put up a better argument?
tfc** w'» g»v« you the anmunltion for this fisht. It is
by £SSdSliSjLflSS&. regular League textbook. TheWSy*
?KU^nTT LZ rji ii if
"J'1 »old
Adljww Jp.-rr» I Sii-kt
Cat. Opportunity
t*Ny(er ftootor
—to*?. SfeloaMDta
Tlni|i. Otaila
'Mention the Leader When y^ilng Advertisers
—Jurnante (NuxatSd ,, \m m.
the package. If you have taken preparation?
*1-50. While it was well worth
could sell it for lees wc could get more copies in circula-
•1 nn J5? wrote the publisher and we have bought a special League edition to sell for
•1.00 per copy to League members.
*Hf TjyWb,r
CTdrr ta
,,'/i*1 following coupon, pin a dollar bill to it and you will receive by return
tnal! the beet book you ever read on the farmer^v problems and the League proyran*
BdueationaLJDept. Endicott Bid*.. St Paul. Minn.
SlMltted find 11.00 for which plem send «ae' Howe's "High Cost of Living."
N aQfMywi'm«
.« MfttfVOriMDi
Von can't afford to bo without
ri4i«viXr nodal unbip.
"If the tax upon the land was increased to 2 percent, on
the actual value it would become such a burden that owners would seek some' means of
escape from it. A tax rate of 2 per cent on land valued at $100 an acre would amount to $2
per acre.
"For as taxes on land are increased the PRICE of the
LAND DIMINISHES. If the tax amounted to 5 or 6 per cent of the selling value, land would
have VERY LITTLE VALUE. And the taxation of all land values up to the full amount of
the rental values is the aim of those who believes in the single tax philosophy."
Leave Them The Shell
We Take The Kernel
From Statement of Henry George, Original Single Tax Advocate
Missouri Defeated the Single Tax, 508,137 to 86,647
GM MI with I
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EBHBBVrtts biiMorioni
indwtr tfalaTui
"Of all the measures proposed for the solution of these
problems the taxation of land values is the simplest and most effective."
"This reform, known generally as the single tax, is com­
paratively easy to inaugurate. It can be put into effect by the legislature of any State or by
a county where home rule in taxation exists, by an act which exempts from local taxation
all houses, barns, improvements, growing crops, machinery, and personal property of
every nature. By merely exempting these kinds of property from taxation all taxes will au
tomatically fall upon the land. No other taxes will be levied. As a result the taxes on land
will be automatically increased."
Read carefully the Words of Frederic Howe and Henry
George,—Think of the possibilities of unlimited public debt.
It is only fair that idle land be taxed to pay its fair
share of cost of development but wouldn't it be wiser to sup
port the idle lands tax measure now pending in Congress
instead of exempting improvements and personal property,
mortgages, notes, etc., from taxation?
As taxes increase land values decrease.
Single Tax is a Part of the Program of State-Wide
Think This Over Carefully
U. S. Publio Health Service Issues
Official Health Bulletin
on Influenza.
Epldeinle Probably Not 8panlah In
Origin—Germ Still Unknown—Peo
ple Should Guard Against "Droplet
Infection"—Surgeon General Blue
Makea Authoritative Statemont.
Washington, D. O.—(Special.)—Al
though King Alfonso of Spain was
one of the victims of the Influenza epi
demic in 1893 and again this summer,
Spanish authorities repudiule any
claim to influenza as a "Spanish" dis
ease. If the people of this country do
not take care the epidemic will be
come so widespread throughout the
Cnited States that soon we shall hear
the disease called "American" Influ
In response to a request for definite
Information concerning Spanish influ
enza, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of
the D. S. Public Health Service has
authorized the following official Inter
What is Spanish Influenza? Is it
something new? Does It come from
"The disease now occurring In this
country and called 'Spanish Influen
za' resembles a very contagious kind
of 'cold,' accompanied by fever, pains
Coughs and Sneezes
Spread Diseases
As Dangerous as Raison Gas Shells
In the head, eyes, ears, back or other
parts of the body and a feeling of se
vere sickness. In most of the cases the
symptoms disappear after three or four
rta.vs, the patient then rapidly recover
ing. Some of the patients, however,
develop pneumonia, or inflammation
of the ear, or meningitis, and many of
these complicated cases die. Whether
this so-called 'Spanish' Influenza is
Identical with the epidemics of influen
za of earlier years is not yet known.
"Epidemics of influenza have visited
this country since 1647. It is interest
ing to know that this first epidemic
was brought here from Valencia,
Spain. Since that time there have
been numerous epidemics of tbe'dis
ease. In 1889 and 1890 an epidemic
of influenza, starting somewhere in the
Orient, spread first to Russia and
thence over practically the entire civ
ilized world. Three years later there
was another flare-up of "the disease.
B«th times the epidemic spread wlde
Ty over the United States.
"Although the present epidemic Is
called 'Spanish Influenza,' there is no
reason to believe that it originated In
Spain. Some writers who hare studied
the question believe that the epidemic
came from the Orient and they call at
tention to the fact that the Germans
mention the disease as occurring along
ttie eastern front In the summer and
fall of 1917."
How can "Spanish Influenza" be rec
"There Is as yet no certain way in
which a single case of 'Spanish Influ
enza' can be recognized. On the oth
er hand, recognition is easy where
there is a group of caseC In contrast
to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs
and colds, which usually occur In the
cold months, epidemics of influenza
may occur at any season of the year.
Thus the present epidemic raged most
Intensely in Europe in May, June and
July. Moreover, in the case of ordi
nary colds, the general symptoms
(fever, pain, depression) are by no
means as severe or as sudden In their
onset as they are in Influenza. Final
ly, ordinary colds do not spread
through the community so rapidly or
ao extensively as does influenza.
"In most cases a person taken sick
with Influenza feels sick rather sud
denly. He feels weak, has pains in the
eyes, ears, head or back, and may be
sore all over. Many patients feel
dizzy, some vomit. Most of the pa
tients complain of feeling chilly, and
with this comes a fever In which the
temperature rises to 100 to 104. In
most cases the pulse remains relative
ly slow.
"In appearance one la struck by the
fact that the patient looks sick. His
eyes and the Inner side of his eyelids
may be slightly 'bloodshot,' or 'con
gested,' as the doctors say. There
may be running from the nose, or
there may be some cough. These signs
of a cold may not be marked never
theless the patient looks and feels very
"In addition to the appearance and
the symptoms as already described,
examination »f the patient's blood may
aid the physician in recognizing 'Span
ish influenza,' for it has been found
tliui In this disease the nuniift
white corpuscles shows little nn
crease above the normal. Ii
ble that the laboratory investing ion*
now being made through the National
Research Council and the Untied
States Hygienic Laboratory will fur
nish a-more certain way in which indi
vidual cases of this disease can be
What is the course of the disease?
Do people die of It?
"Ordinarily, the fever lasts from
three to four days and (he patient re
covers. But while the proportion of
deaths In the present epidemic has
generally'been low, in some places the
outbreak has been severe nnd deaths''
have been numerous. When death oc
curs It is usually the result of a com
What causes the disease and how Is
It spread?
"Bacteriologists who have studied In
fluenza epidemics In the past have
found In many of the cases a very
Small rod-shaped germ called, after its
discoverer, Pfelffer's bacillus. In other
cases of apparently the same kind of
disease there were found pneumococci,
the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still
others have been caused by strepto
cocci, and by others germs with long
"No matter what particular kind of
germ causes the epidemic, It Is now
believed thut Influenza Is always
spread from person to person, the
germs being carried with the air along
with the very small droplets of mucus,
expelled by coughing or sneezing,
forceful talking, and the like by one
who already has the germs of the dis
ease. They may also be carried about
in the air in the form of dust coming
from dried mucus, from coughing and
sneezing, or from careless people who
spit ou the floor and on the sidewalk.
As in most other catching diseases, a
person who lias only a mild attack of
the disease himself may give a very
severe attack to others."
What should be done by those who
catch the disease?
"It is very important that every per
son wbo becomes sick with influenza
should go bogie at once and go to bed.
This will help keep away dangerous
complications and will, at the same
time, keep the patient from scattering
the disease far and wide. It Is highly
desirable that no one be allowed to
the same room with the pa­
tient In fact, no one but the nurse
should be allowed in the room.
"If there is cough and sputum or
running of the eyes and nose, care
should be taken that all such dis
charges are collected on bits of gauze
or rag or paper napkins and burned.
If the patient complains of fever and
headache, he sh'ould be given water to
drink, a cold compress to the forehead
and a light sponge. Only such medi
cine should be given as is prescribed
by the doctor. It is foolish to ask the
druggist to prescribe and may be dan
gerous to take the so-called 'safe, sure
and harmless' remedies advertised by
patent medicine manufacturers.
"If the patient is so situated that he
can be attended only by some one who
must also look after others in the fam
ily, It is advisable that such attendant
wear a wrapper, apron or gown over
the ordinary house clothes while in the
sick room and slip this off when leav
ing to look after the others.
"Nurses and attendants will do well
to guard against breathing in danger
ous disease germs by wearing a simple
fold of gauze or mask while near the
Will a person who has had influenza
before catch the disease again?
"It is well known that a* attack of
measles or scarlet fever or smallpox
usually protects a person against an
other attack of the same disease. This
appears not to be true of 'Spanish in
fluenza.' According to newspaper re
ports the King of Spain suffered an
attack of influenza during the epi
demic thirty years ago, and was again
stricken during the recent outbreak in
How can one guard against influ
"In guarding against disease of all
kinds, it is important that tfce body be
kept strong and able to fight off dis
ease germs. This cap be done by hav
ing a proper proportion of work, play
and rest, by keeping the body well
clothed, and by eating sufficient whole
some and properly selected food. In
connection with diet, it is well to re
member that milk ts one of the best
all-around foods obtainable for adults
as well as children. So far as a dis
ease like influenza is concerned, health
authorities everywhere recognize the
very close relation between its spread
and overcrowded homes. While it is
not always possible, especially In
times like the present, to avoid such
overcrowding, people should consider
the health danger and make every
effort to reduce the home overcrowd
ing to a minimum. The value of fresh
air through open windows cannot be
over emphasized.
"When crowding is unavoidable, as
in street cars, care should be taken to
keep the face so turned as not to in
hale directly the air breathed out by
another person.
"It is especially Important to be
ware of the person who coughs or
sneezes without covering his mouth
and nose. It also follows that one
should keep ont of crowds and stuffy
places as much as possible, keep
homes, offices and workshops well
aired, spend some time out of doors
each day, walk to work if at all prac
ticable—in short, make every possible
effort to breathe as much pure air as
"In all health matters follow the ad
vice of your doctor and" obey the regu
lations of your local and state health
"Cover up each cough and sneeze.
If you don't you'll spread disease."

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