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I i,i V:" t:\ ft iS-,-.. :l!S J-, ff 1W'•: •pj.- '•j-i'i:,'-'- North Dakota News in Brief Stanley.—A farmers flour mill Is being discussed at this point. |v Sanisli.—Local volunteer firemen gave a ball which netted them 8142.65 to help out on needed equipment for their work. Jamestown.—Norman .T. Gillespie, a local newspaper man, will prepare a history of Stutsman county's part in the world war. Jamestown.—Prof. Ro.v J. Holmes of this city is preparing to issue a book containing some of the best stories of the world war, it is an bounced. Fargo.—North Dakota's Four Min ute men will speak in behalf of the Armenian relief fund campaign de signed to raise $125,000 for this pur pose In the state. Grand Forks.—United States sailors on inactive duty at this point will start a club for the comfort and ac commodation of those who have serv ed the country on the seas. Mandnn.—Twenty Boys' and Girls' clubs are being organized among the young people of Morton county, Coun ty Superintendent II. P. Jensen and .'Deputy Superintendent J. F. Hetler being leaders of the plan. Nome.—The municipal lighting plantof this city has been leased to the She.venne Light and Power Com pany with exclusive franchise privi leges lasting for a number of years. Fargo.—County Auditor W. R. Tucker is notifying discharged sol dlers of the methods necessary to be used in securing their allotments of $00 bonus money per capita from the United States war department. Fargo.—Thirty-four war orphans have been adopted by various benevo lent local organizations within the :Past few days, in response to the earnest appeals being sent out for help for the fatherless children of Frn nee. Bismarck.—The United States su preme court has affirmed the decision of the lower court under which Mrs. Kate Richards O'Hare was convicted of seditious utterances alleged to have been made during an address deliv ered at Bowman a numtier of months ago. Devils Lake.—Government employ nient officials here report a prospect, of plenty of farin workers for the opening of seeding operations in the state thL* spring, as well as to meet the more extensive demands for farm labor occurring later in the season. Minot.—Lieut. Chester Jacobsen of this city, who won the title of "Dare Devil'' Jacobsen by his exploits on Mother Field, California, is negotiat ing with a Minneapolis company for the purchase of an airplane with which to make exhibition flights in the Northwest. Bismarck.—Secretary of State Thomas Hall announces that the North Dakota state income tax will not have to be turned in untii March 1, 1920, but this must not be con founded with the new federal income tax, which is required to be report ed on by March 15 this year. Minot.—Farners. editors, agricul tural school specialists and cereal ex perts gave addresses which helped to make the meeting of the Farmers' Grain Dealers association held here one of tiie most memorable occasions of its kind. The convention was opened on March 4th and continued for three days. Dickinson.—A reduced woll clip is predicted this season in the western part of the state, notwithstanding the effort to revive interest in sheep hus bandry during the past few months. It is estimated that it will require several years to bring tlie sheep and wool industry back to its normal pro portions in the Northwest. Minot.—Otto Tandberg, a former Minot innn, fatally wounded his wife and then committed suicide at their home in Minneapolis a few days ago. Ttie double tragedy was the culmina tion of a ten days' legal fight for the custody of their two children follow ing a separation which occurred be tween the two about three months ago. Fargo.—Thirteen families, about 05 people, were driven from their homes in scanty attire at an early hour one morning last week when fire destroy ed the Wellington apartments in this city. The building was a brick struc ture once owned by the North Dakota Improvement company of this city and later purchased by a local build ing contractor. Losses are estimated at about 955.000. The cause of the fire is not known. Bismarck.—Because of its historical significance the gavel with which Lieutenant Governor Howard It. Woocl presided over the session of the senate recently closed will not be carried home by him but has been placed on exhibition by the State His torical Society, to whom it was given ly the lieutenant governor. The travel was presented to Mr. Wood by the senate during the final day's ses Mon as a token of its good will a't the conclusion of the work. Fargo.—North Dakota is expected to go a hundred per cent over the top in the Lutheran reconstruction fund driv. Grand Forks.—The state railroad commission has been advised that an action lias been instituted in district, court here by the Northwestern and Tri-State Telephone companies asking that the commission's demand for a physical connection between the two properties be set aside. The district Court lias temporarily suspended the operation of the commission's order, pending an investigation of the merits and legal aspects of the case. Lisbon.—The Lisbon electric light plant will have about $15,000 worth of improvements installed this season. Devils Lake.—The publication of printed farm bulletins has been com menced under direction of the Ram sey county fanning agent here. Mandan.—Extensive plans are be ing made for tne entertainment of the North Dakota Sunday School convention which will be held here iq June. Bismarck.—Chester A. Marr, until recently attorney for the department of University and School Lands, has been appointed assistant attorney general. Bismarck.—Governor Lynn J. Fra zier has named Roscoe Deighle of Sawyer as a member of the state board of regents to succeed J. D. Tay lor, resigned. Fargo.—Eight year old Charles French was shot through the abdomen by an 11-year-old playmate in tills city a few days ago, while playing holdup. It is believed the boy will recover. Grand Forks.—The North Dakota Live Stock Breeders' convention and sale held in this city last week drew hundreds of visitors to the city, and hotel accommodations were heavily overtaxed. Sheldon.—At least $25,000 worth of live stock was shipped from this point during February, largely through the activity of the Sheldon Live Stock Shippers' association, organized a short time ago. Minot.—W. A. Gregg, a local jew eler, has been awarded damages in the sum of .$000 against the Mayos at Rochester, Minn., on account of er roneous directions said to have been given him by a nurse. New Rockfoi'd.—A New Rockford man convicted of wife desertion was given a penitentiary sentence of one year and the sentence was then sus pended during good behavior, which will consist of not doing it again. Dickinson.—The Tri-County Farm ers' Co-operative Educational Union met in quarterly convention here on Saturday, March 8, with membprs present from the counties of Stark, ,Billings and Dunn. Fargo.—Jailor Max Richards, "well and' favorably known" to inmates of the Cass county bastile at almost any time within the past 14 years, has re signed his position with the institu tion and will take treatments at a sanitarium for rheumatism. Bismarck.—Dates have again been set for the hearing of Fargo and Grand Forks light, heat and gas rate cases by the state railroad commis sion. March 24 and 27 are the dates now fixed, and the hearings are call ed to be held in this city. The war department has -leclined to comply with a request contained in a resolution recently passed by the Sixteenth legislative assembly of this •state asking the early discharge of all North Dakota farm laborers now in the armed forces of the United States. Grand Forks.—A summer meeting and exposition of products by the State Dairymen's and Buttennakers' association was planned at the annual convention recently held here.. A board of managers was named by the convention, and H. C. Schulte of Man dan was re-elected president for the ensuing year. Washburn.—As the result' of funds taken in at a most successful bazaar held in the school building,-the Wash burn high school litis purchased memberships for all pupils in the Junior Red Cross. Out of the sur plus it is hoped to adopt a French war orphan for the period of one year. Dickinson.—A new and virulent stock disease known as hemorrhagic septemia has made its appearance in portions of the Slope cattle country with fatal results. The disease is described as something on the order of "blackleg" and may infect cattle, horses, sheep or swine of any age. Destruction of carcasses is strongly urged. Fargo.—The Town Criers' club has voted to get behind the movement for a swimming pool and pavilion to be erected in Island park in memory of Fargo soldiers and sailors who en listed in the world war, of whom there is a roster of about 800 who enlisted directly from this point. The cost of a pool su(ili as is being plan ned will be about $20,000. Fargo.—Twenty thousand dollars was realized ffom the sale of 50"IWad of Shorthorn cattle at sales held in this city last week—making the splen did average of $400 a head. Several magnificent animals were sold, and the activity shown by farmers from all sections indicates a revival of in terest in blooded stock, that will re sult in lasting good to the industry throughout the state. Minot.—American military and Red Cross rules, which prevented both a man and his wife being assigned' to service overseas at the same time, will not prevent Captain Andy Carr of this city from bringing back an American wife with him on his turn from duties in France. A recent report here announces his marriage in January to Miss Ruth Bennett of Chicago, who is in Red Cross service there. The marriage was performed at Limoges. Mandan.—A new wholesale fruit store is being organized here. Marion.—State Chairman Wesley C. McDowell, in sending out instruc tions to workers on the fifth Liberty loan drive for North Dakota, said it was impossible to foretell just what the state's quota would be but it seemed probable liiat as much would lie asked for as in the last loan drive. Up to the present time North Dakota has purchased not quite $50.000.00C I worth of Liberty bonds. In the first the state invested $2,087,700 in llic second, $9,000,«50 in the third, $12. 102,400, and iu the fourth, $21,657,450 Kindergarten Helps for Parents Articles Issued by the Department of thelntertor, Bureau of Education and the National Kindergarten Association PLAY FOR MOTHER AND BABY By MRS. MAROARET WILSON HEALD. Baby is instinctively active from the time he is born. Little feet kick about, little hands reach all around. And mother instinctively attempts to guide and develop this activity. From time immemorial mothers have played with their babies' toes and sung to their babies' fingers, and so we have the ever new-old baby classics "Pat a-cake"Bye, Baby Bunting "Sleep, Baby, Sleep "Rock-a-bye, Baby "This little pig went to market," and "Ride a Cock-horse to Banbury, Cross." There are many other little plays or games of this kind, not so well ktiown, but which the trained mother makes use of to catch first sense per ceptions, train the awakened emotions and hold fast the affections. They minister to baby's growing activities In right ways, before wrong ones can assert themselves. -c .- •. The following plays, with music, are to be found in "The Songs and Music of Froebel's Mother Play," D. Apple ton & Co., N. Y., publishers price, $1.60. Naming the Fingers.' Baby points to each linger as de-' scribed. In this game he becomes ac quainted with his hands, his fingers, himself. This is little Tommy Thumb, Round and smooth as any plum. This is busy Peter Pointer Surely he's a double-jointer. This is mighty Toby Tally He's the biggest one of nil. This Is dainty Reuben Ring He's too fine for anything. And this little wee one, maybe, Is the pretty Finger-baby. All the five we've counted now, Busy fingers in a row. Every finger knows the way How to work and how to play Yet together work they best, Each one helping all the rest. —Laura E. Richards. The Greeting. Baby's hands are held up, facing each other, and do as Bidden. In this little game, baby advances from know ing to willing, and his fingers are his tools, to be used for a definite pur pose. Thumbs and fingers say, "Good morn ing, 'Tis a very pleasant day" Little pointers bow politely, Tall men nod and smile so brightly While the rest with joyful greeting, All their little friends are meeting. —Eleanor Smith. The Family. Played with the baby hands held up, first one and then the other, and beginning with the thumb. In this game, baby becomes acquainted with, the world just immediately outside himself. .... This is the loving-mother, Always good and dear This is the busy father. Brave and full of cheer This is the merry brother, Grown so strong an«l tall This is the- gentle sister, This is the baby small And here they all together meet, This whole glad family complete. Here's grandpapa and grandmamma, And father, too, and mother, With baby wee, one family Oh, how they love each other. The aunt and uncle now we see, And little cousins, one-two-three And this good family is found In happy love together bound. —Emilie Poulsson. Going a little farther afield, baby will now enjoy finger games of animal families. A number of charming ones suitable for this period of baby education can be found in EmiHe Poulsson's "Finger Plays," published by Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co., Chi cago price, $1.25. A HOMEMADE DOLL'S HOUSE. By HILDA BUSICK. A friend of mine entered her five year-old son in a kindergarten. She took him there every day, and once in a while stayed with her three-year-old daughter to visit. Noticing that the children were happy because they were busy with work which appealed tb them, and that the doll's house was frequently the center of attraction, she decided to allow her little ones to make a house at home. So for 20 cents two wooden egg boxes were secured from iie grocer, amid much excite ment on the part of the children. The boxes were taken, straight to the children's corner, and it was de A Georgia Philosopher. We're all great on sa.vin' "The dev il's to pay," an' never pay in' him. A feller wouldn't have to walk across the street to settle with him, as lie's always close enough to give us a dig in the ribs, or pat us on the back, an' tell us we're the finest lie ever made! —Atlanta Constitution. 'Speed. •With ten pairs of revolving disks a static electric machine lias beeh built in Paris that has developed 320,000 volts between its terminals. V!-*:" 1 r.T" -f «.'.- «.'t »-v.-»v.v*-•(. .THE HOPE PIONEER cided that work should be done on them on rainy days only, and that the children were to do all the work If possible. At their dictation, mother made a 4lst of the things they intended to do Paint the outside of the boxes white make a curtain across the front have a kitchen, dining room, sitting room and bedroom paper the rooms make rugs for the floors, and make furniture for the different rooms. The next thing to do was to prepare a list of the va rious materials needed: Paint, paper, scissors, thumb tacks, cardboard boxes, spools, glue, scalloped-edged tissue paper napkins for window curtains, white oilcloth, jap-a-lac, and so on. These lists were, not completed at once, but added to as the children thought of things, or as new things were made for the kindergarten doll, house, which served as their model. Training In Memory. All this was, splendid training in memory and in concentration, for It kept the attention directed toward one object and at the same.time It was suf ficiently varied work not to become monotonous. It also developed skill in the use of the hands. Mother, who was just as enthusiastic as the chil dren, would occasionally suggest some thing of which they had not thought, and sometimes, in their walks, they would stop at shop windows to play a new game which this occupation had suggested, "finding treasures for the "Soil house." The children were allowed to ask the shop clerks for the material, and some times they paid for it with their own money, for mother knew that, like "grown-ups," they wojuld prize things more if they bought them with money of their own than if the things were given to them. In this way the boy learned to count, and both realized, to a slight degree at least, the relation between value and price also that they could buy only what they could afford. For example, one day they planned to buy a paint brush with five pennies they had saved together. When they reached the store they noticed first a large, attractive brush, but found it was ten cents. There were smaller five-cent brushes, but it would take more than they had to get one for each. Little daughter, wanted mother to give them the extra five cents need ed, and soti wished hef to lend it to them, but both these suggestions were finally ruled out, with incalculable, value to both children. There was quite a long debate and a hard strug gle in each little head before the final decision was reached—to buy one five cent brush and each take turns us ing it. Materials were kept in a covered box on top of the doll's house. The chil dren returned everything to this box when they were ready to stop play for the day, including their aprons which mother had made large enough to cover them completely, and sheets of newspaper which were used to spread on the floor to protect the rug from stains. Finishing the House. It took a number of days to paint the outside of the hous^, as little chil dren cannot remain at one occupation long, and many articles were made for the rooms during this time. The wall paper was cut from a samplebook given by a neighboring wall-paper firm, blue and white tiled ppper for the kitchen, flowered paper for the other rooms. Rugs were cut from mall-order catalogues and pasted on stiff card board. Tables, chairs and bed were made of paper boxes, with spool legs. The kitchen sink was made of a small tin box fastened to the wall, witli two square brass hooks, inverted, to repre sent hot and cold water faucets. This house was kept for several years, but the interior was constantly changed as the children became more efficient in hand-work. There was no whining, "What shall we do?" They would play for long periods at this fa vorite occupation, while mother sat by and mended and made their clothes. She, for her part, never became irri table w,hen they Interrupted for legiti mate assistance, for she realized the wonderful lessons they were constant ly learning. Squelching a Smile. There were plenty of empty seats in the car, but the smiling youth, who wore his hat on the back of his head, stopped opposite the handsome young woman in the red hat and said In his most engaging manner: "Can I take this seat, miss?" "I have no objection, sir," she said, In a tone that froze the last smile on his face, "but I think it's nailed down"' Frank Comment. Robert was a great admirer of sol diers and, having attended a military wedding, he was loud in praise. Soon after he was taken to see another wedding where all were in civilian clothes. At the wedding dinner he re ceived a dish of lee cream full ol fruit, raisins, etc. He especially dis liked raisins, so he said in loud tones, "I link this wedding and this Ice cream is wotten—no soldiers or notb In'." Pizarro's Famous Voyage. December 28 fs the anniversary of the fifth start of Pizarro, in 1530, from Panama for Peru. The daring voya ger refused to give up his dream of finding ^old in the Andean kingdom. The success of his enterprise from a money standpoint astounded the world and resulted in the conquest of the Incas. Man and the Lower Animals. Only about 5 per cent of the lower animals are defective at birth, a much lower ratio than among human beings. More calves see the light of day In the spring and draw their first breath when the air is filled with the fra grance of many blossoms than during any other season of the year. Whether these calves will become star boarders, producing little milk of no profit for their owners, or be desirable addi tions to the dairy world, will depend not'only upon the care that Is given them but upon the feed 'and manage ment of their mothers. Poorly nour ished cows, say dairy specialists of the United States department of agricul ture, give birth to weak calves that are hard to raise. Cbws which have an abundance of palatable succulent feed and are in good body flesh and healthy," thrifty condition at calving time are more likely to produce well developed, strong, thrifty calves which will respond normally to proper feed and care. It is false economy for any dairy-cow owner to withhold feed from a dry cow, as this is likely to affect unfavorably the future welfare of the calf, as well as later milk production by the cow. Nature's method is to have the calf stay with the cow until it can support Itself, in modern dairy farming, how ever, because of the value of the but terfat and whole milk the dairyman separates the calf from the cow soon after birth. The milk produced by the cow for the first few days has proper ties which put the calf's digestive sys tem in good working order. It Is, therefore, necessary that the newly born calf have this milk. Teaching Calf to Drink. The ^longer the calf remains with the cow, however, the harder it Is to teach it to drink, but it is usually a simple matter to teach a good, robust calf to drink, if taken when not tmore than two days old. Before this is at tempted a calf should be kept from the cow for about tw'elve hours It will then be very hungry. About two quarts of its mother's milk, fresh and warm, should be put into a clean pall and held in front of the calf. Sometimes it will put its nose into the pail and drink without coaxing. Dairymen are not fortunate enough to have many calves that will do this, however, and in most cases it will be necessary to use a little forceful persuasion in assisting the calf with its first meal away from fts mother. Let the calf suck the fingers, and by this means gradually draw its nose into the milk, when the fingers should be removed carefully as soon as the calf gets a taste of the milk. Patience is neces sary, for this operation may have to be repeated two or thre^ times before the calf will drink alone. A calf weightng 50 pounds at birth should have about eight pounds of whole milk a day, while a 100-ponnd calf should have about twelve pounds. BETTER CROPS PAVE WAY FOR LIVE STOCK Seed Corn and Cultivation Given First Consideration. Agricultural Agent In Louisiana Works Out Systematic Ftan to Improve Crop Yields—Alfalfa Acre age Increased. (Prepared by the United StateB Depart ment of Agriculture.) To establish "safe, farming" in Pointe Coupee Parish, La., the loeal agricultural agent has worked out a systematic plan to Improve crop yields and introduce more and better stock. Proper field selection of seed corn and the best methods of cultivation were given first attention. In the fall of 1917 the first concrete evidence was had of the success of this work when more than 100 carloads of corn were shipped from the parish. In 1918 a' seed-demonstration plot was grown and corn produced on the area won first place at the Southern Louisiana fair. Through the agent's efforts near ly every farmer now has an alfalfa patch producing at the rate of nearly five tons an acre. During the last year the alfalfa acreage was Increased more than 100 per cent. Under the agent's direction hundreds of pure bred and high-grade sires and dnwm have been imported, and native scrub cattle have given way to animals of quality. Hogs and sheep have also been greatly improved, and now prac tically every farm family produces enough meat for its own use and many have a surplus for sale. WHETHER CALF WILL BECOME DESIRABLE ADDITION TO HERD DEPENDS UPON CARE 2h 2* Feeding Calves of Different Sizes in Homemade Stanchions—This Method In* sures Each Calf His Share of Feed. (Prepared by the TJnited States Depart ment of Agriculture.) •-i.WV'i stetai tl$J§i The amount of milk should be gradual ly increased until at the end of the second week the calf should receive from 14 to 16 pounds a day. Its moth er's milk should be given a calf for the first four days, then any good whole milk can be used, but preferably it should not contain more than 4 per cent butterfat. Best results can be ob tained by feeding young calves three times a day, with the periods between feeding as nearly equal as possible. When fed in this way the calf does not overload its stomach and the digestion of the feed is more evenly distributed throughout the 24 hours. Regularity in feeding is important. When calves are fed but twice a day the feeding should be as nearly as possible IS hours apart. Cleanliness Essential. Successful raising of calves requires absolute cleanliness. Calf pens should alway be kept clean and be supplied with plenty of dry bedding. Discarded feed should be removed from the feed boxes, which should be thoroughly brushed and cleaned each day. All milk fed should be fresh and cleap, which is true also of other feeds. Milk pails should be scalded thoroughly with boiling water, or sterilized with steam if possible. At the beginning of the third wfeek either skim or separated milk may be substituted for whole milk at the rate of one pound a day. The daily ration may be Increased from two to four pounds, depending upon the vigor of the calf. When the calf does not drink eagerly what is offered, the quantity should be cut down. The ra tion at the end of the third week usually should be approximately one h&lf whole And one-half separated milk. During the fourth week the change should be continued until by the end of the week only separated milk Is fed, unless the calf Is very deli cate. With especially vigorous calves the change to separated milk can be made about a week euHier. The quan tity fed can.be increased gradually to 18 to 20'pounds a day. Six months Is probably a good avei age age at which to wean calves from the milk. The age depends upon the cost of the milk in relation to the value of the calf, its breed, size, vigor, etc. The season of the year nnd the other feeds available also must be con sidered. When the best of hay, silage, and a good variety of grains are avail able, or when good, succulent pastur age can be provided, the calf can be weaned earlier also the stronger and more vigorous the calf the earlier It can be weaned. On the other hand, the more valuable the calf the more expense the owner is warranted in developing it, and the later It will prtbably be weaned. If skim or sep anfcted milk is plentiful, calves may be fed it with profit until they are eight or ten months old. FEEDING CALVES (Prepared by the United States D& partment of Agriculture.) Feed regularly. Be sure that the milk is al- I ways sweet and warm. Use only clean pails. Feed the calf a little less than 1 it wants. Reduce the amount of milk one-half if the calf becomes sick. I Hog cholera can be kept down. It you can't buy a herd buy a heifer. Beet pulp Is not as valuable as corn silage for food. It Is false economy to crowd anl* mals to save building materials. Alfalfa is considered the best Mnfl for sheep, but all kinds of legume ha$ are good. Sheep kept in unclean yards or In soggy pastures soon become subject to foot rot. It is not advisable to have salt alone In any kind of container at the free disposal of hogs. Clover hay Is Important to the healtb and growth of the young sheep In par* ticular and all aheep In general* v.