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xZM -c: ¥. #4* %. &\ fr.%5 .* v*\ ^JV?' ii» *£s~ *'t: -fr. !,. I"' 1 Wt A\: ?W»\' !p, iVf-f .1 ifg- N. Ill .: .* 1 II i'-'i !'-i l?. •. •$ if-t •, :S^' ffc J& k* a j-r&i.. ENRICO CARUSO IS DEAD IN ITALY Collapse of Greatest Tenor, Long III, Is Sudden and En* tlrely Unexpected OPERATIONS ARE FUTILE 6kill of Specialists Fails to Save the Golden Voiced Songster, Victim: of Internal Abcess Nation Mourns at Funeral. London.—The burial of Caruso took place Wednesday amid national mourning at the church of Santa -Maria Gracia in -Naples, according to the Daily Mail. Greatest fenor Is Dead. Naples, Italy.—Enrico Caruso, the world's greatest tenor, is dead here. His golden voice was stilled for ever when lie fafled to rally from a relapse following an operation for an abscess. Caruso's death was expected for several hours before the end came. He never had completely recovered from the effects of the operation for pleurisy which he underwent in New York last winter. As a result of this operation, physicians said, he suffered from diaphragmic abscess. Another operation, performed in an effort to remove pus accumulations, left Caruso weakened and he sank rapidly. First Warning Saturday. Last Thursday the famous tenor and his wife, the former Dorothy Benja min, went fo a sanctuary in Pompeii valley where he offered prayers of thanks for the recovery of his voice heard in mass and gave 30.000 francs in thanksgiving. Afterwards Caruso visited the excavations at Pompeii. On Saturday he felt a pain in his abdomen. This was the first warning that the final illness was at hand. He called a physician who advised him to go to Naples and consult a special ist At Naples on Sunday night Caruso called three specialists. After a long consultation these specialists diagnosed his case as acute peritonitis with a tendency to spread. Tiiey pre pared' to operate. Caruso, whose fortitude when suf fering great pain was considered re markable. continued to keep up good spirits. However, lie sank rapidly. Relapse Is Sudden. The operation originally had been planned for sometime Wednesday. During the night the specialists saw Caruso failing so rapidly they feared he would not survive until dawn and decided to operate at once. Follow ing the operation, surgeons stated that death was only a matter of hours. His relapse was sudden and unex pected. SOX ACQUITTED OF FRAUDS Seven Ball Players Found Not Guilty of Throwing Series. Chicago—The seven former Chi cago White Sox baseball players and •two others on trial for alleged con spiracy to defraud the public through throwing of the 1919 world series games have been found not guilty by a jury. The jury took only one ballot. The verdict was reached after two hours and forty-seven minutes' of delibera tion. The defendants were: Puck Weaver, third baseman Oscar Felsh, outfielder Charles Itisberg, shortstop Arnold Gandil, first base man Claude Williams and Eddie Cl cotte, pitchers Joe Jackson, out fielder—all former White Socks play ers—and Carl Zork of St. Louis, and David Zelcer of Des Moines. ATTACKS RESERVE BOARD William's Tells Congress of Alleged Favoritism in Making Loans. Washington—Policies of the federal reserve board during the past 18 months or more have been attacked before a joint congressional commis sion by John Skelton Williams, former comptroller of the currency, who charged that the board had displayed undue favoritism in lending to New l'ork banking groups while southern and western borrowers were unduly curtailed. There was "abundant ground for complaints and discrlmin ation by farmers generally, added. he Birs and Van Wie Convicted. Fargo.—C. W. Birs, president, and R. Van Wie, secretary-treasurer of the «lefunct Fur & Specialty Farming com I'an.v, have been found guilty by i. jury in federal court of using the mails to conduct a scheme to defraud. C. A. Anderson was acquitted. Island Plum for General Wood Washington.—General Leonard Wood Is to be governor general, of Philippines. That is the nomination President Harding will send to the senate for confirmation, possibly with in the next few weeks. Wood, win. is still in the islands oil a special tour of investigation for the president, understood to have changed iiis atti tude toward the office. The Philip pine post is Uie juciest of the plums remaining on the patronage tree, pays $18,000 a year, with $15,000 expenses. It for NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Acceptance by Japan Makes Way Clear for the Confer ence in Washington SILESIA CRISIS PASSIH6 France and Britain Reach Agreement and. Germany Is Warned—Hard ing's Plan for Financial Relief of Railroads, Farmers and Cattle Raisers. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. With a mind not yet quite at ease In the matter, Japan has sent word that she will accept President Hard ing's Invitation to the Washington conference to discuss limitation of armaments and questions of the Pa cific and the Far East. But this is to be with certain reservations. These are expressed in the closing part of Tokyo's latest note to Washington, which reads: "The Japanese government have been made aware through the com munications and the published state ment of the American government and the conversations between the secre tary of state and Baron Shldehara that the proposition of the American government to discuss the Pacific and Far Eastern problems is based on the close bearing they may have on _tjie question of limitation of armaments, which is the original and principal aim of the conference, and that, therefore, the main object of discussing these problems is to reach a common under standing In regard to general princi ples and policies in the Pacific and Far East 'In order to insure the success of the conference, the Japanese govern ment deem it advisable that the agenda thereof should be arranged in accordance with the main object of the discussions as above defined, and that introduction therein of problems sucli as are of sole concern to certain par ticular powers, or such matters as may be regarded accomplished facts,' should be scrupulously avoided." Of course, among what Japan con siders "accomplished facts" are the cession of Shantung to Japan and the Yap mandate. But our State depart ment is confident the Japanese can be satisfied In the drawing up' of the agenda for the conference, and there fore is now preparing the formal in vitations to the powers. There Is a chance that some of the British dominions, which consider themselves full-fledged nations in most respects, will kick up a little trouble because the British empire is to be represented as a unit, with only one rote. Australia already is walling that she Unentitled to a vote as a nation on the Pacific problems. Probably New Zealand, and possibly Canada, feel the same way. Rene Viviani and Albert Sarrautt, minister of colonies, are to represent France at the con ference and Premier Briand also may come. No decided opposition to holding the conference in Washington has devel oped, but the date of its opening re mains to be settled. The United States tentatively, mentionud November 11, Armistice day, because It would be sentimentally suitable, but again the British dominions protest. Many of their legislative bodies are hi session during the fall months, and as their premiers wish to be present at the conference, they are urging that a later date be selects for its assem bling. It may be they can be satisfied by preliminary Informal consultations between Pacific powers which will en able them to put their views on rec ord. Through mutual concessions— France yielding the most—Great Brit ain and France have reached an un derstanding on the Upper Stieslan question, and the threatened break In the entente will uot occur Just yet, anyhow. France abandoned her In tention of lending immediate re-en ft- 1—Gen. Pietro Badogllo, leading soldier of Italy, who is making tour of the United States, 'i—Funeral in Evansvllle, Ind., of Corporal James B. Gresham, the first American soldier killed in France. 8—Snapshot made Just as a bomb, dropped by army aviators, exploded on the deck of the former German cruiser Frankfurt, send ing her to the bottom. forcements to the Silesian garrison and agreed to a meeting of the inter allied supreme council in Paris Au gust 4. But she insisted the question of strengthening the allied forces in the region must first be settled, and also warned the British that any .hos tile act against the French troopsor the Poles in the disputed area would result in the Immediate occupation of the Ruhr basin, regardless of allied action. Premier Lloyd George, on his part, consented to a meeting of experts to examine into the Silesian problem, and also conciliated the French by giving the German government a sharp re buff. When France was preparing to send more troops to Silesia, she asked the Germans to supply the transpor tation. Berlin sent a note to London, asking If the British Indorsed this demand. To this Downing street re plied curtly that it was an interallied affair and not discussible with outsid ers. British Ambassador Lord D'Aber non in Berlin also told the Germans that If the French or Poles were at tacked the British would help in the occupation of the Ruhr basin. For some time there have beep ru mors that former Emperor Charles was planning another coup to regain the throne of Hungary. Last week Roumanla, Jugo-Slavia and Czecho slovakia signed a treaty providing for a declaration of war against Hungary If Charles should return. It IS offi cially announced in Madrid that ne gotiations are under way for giving the ex-emperor and his family asylum In Spain. The consent of the other powers is necessary. Having destroyed a considerable part of the' Turkish nationalist array and advanced so far that even Angora, the nationalist capital, Is threatened, the Greeks are restoring their lines of communication and preparing for the second phase of the offensive. Gen eral Papoulas, their commander-in chief on tlie Smyrna front, says: "We are not going to let up on Mustapha Kemal Pasha until we have so com pletely dissolved his forces that he will never again be able to put an army In the field." Apparently KemaJ re alizes that he is being thoroughly whipped, for he has appealed to the government at Constantinople to in tervene and stop the warfare. How this can be done Is not clear. Kemal's own government is said to be aban doning Angora and transferring its archives to Sivas. Evidently Kemal has not been re ceiving the aid he expected from the Russian bolshevlsts. Lenin and Trotzky and their, soviet crew are themselves In hard straits due to the rapid spread of famine and cholera in Russlu. They have appealed loud ly for help, but the governments they have so long flouted are deaf to their calls. Even the United States, al ways generous In response to the walls of the suffering, has told the soviet government, through a note from Sec retary Hoover, that any relief meas ures would depend1 largejly on the treatment of the Americans held pris oners by the bolshevlsts. This was re enforced by a note from the State de partment formally and curtly demand ing the release of those prisoners, and the soviet rulers already had been told there would be no consideration of closer relations with Russia until the Americans were set free. The distress in Russia Is such that Trotzky has been given dictatorial powers to handle the situation, and all government projects except those for relief have been suspended. The Irish aff&Tr is still In status quo, De Valera and the Sinn Fein cublnet have been studying Lloyd George's of fer, but have let It be known that It cannot be accepted until the British have released the Imprisoned members of Dall Elreann so that parliament can have a full meeting to discuss the plan. The British government Is will ing to free-these men If De Valera will make the request, but the Sinn Felners feel -that for him to do this would be In effect a recognition of the government's right to imprison repre sentatives of Ireland. Lord High Chancellor Birkenhead in a speech In the house of lords, asked that parlia ment and the country have patience "THE HOPE PIONEER with the trouble De Valera and hla colleagues may be having in Dublin to reach a decision, and Intimated the negotiations may continue several weeks. A recent rumor concerning Lloyd George's plan is that it provides for two senates in Ireland, one for Ul ster and one for the rest 6t the island, each managing its own affairs but sub ject to an Irish parliament in Dublin in which the members of the lower house shall be elected on a popular representation basis and the upper house shall have equal numbers from the two provinces. ~, a,. President Harding and Director Gen eral Davis of the railroad administra tion having worked out a plan for the relief of the railroads, the President last week presented it to congress in a message and asked for legislative action. Briefly, he urged that the Wat Finance corporation be permitted by congress to purchase about $500,000, 000 of securities deposited with the railroad administration as evidence ol the railroad debts to the government, the railroad administration then to ap ply the purchase price against claims which the roads have against the gov ernment, thus giving the roads funds that they greatly need. "There is no thought to ask congress for additional funds," said Mr. Harding. "No added expense, no investment is required on j^je part of the government there Is no added liability, no added tax bui den." Less definite was the part of the message asking congress to approve assistance to farmers- and cattle men But his plan here, too, rests on added authority for the War Finance cor poration, and later Senator Kellogg Introduced the administration bill pro viding that whenever the corporation is of the opinion that conditions aris ing out of the war have resulted in an abnormal surplus accumulation of any staple agricultural product, which Is normally exported in substantial quantity, and that the ordinary bank ing facilities are inadequate. to carry such products until they can be ex ported, advances may be made for periods not exceeding one year and up to $1,000,000,000. Either the public health service has been receiving a lot of false informa tion, or the public officials of southern states refuse to admit the truth. Re cently Surgeon General Cummlngs re ceived reports that the South is threat ened with an epidemic of pellagra and a resulting semi-famine, and thereup on President Harding called on the public health service and the Ameri can Red Cross to Investigate at once, and devise measures of relief. It was said tlie low price of cotton, with re sulting shortage of money, was to blame. The two agencies got busy at once, and at the same time In came the protests of the southern states. In all cases the state health officials took issue with the reports of the public health service, most of them denying vigorously that there Ws any Increase of pellagra and all denying that the situation was serious or that a semi famine threatened. The Illinois scandal, or comedy— whichever way you look at It—had an amazing development when Governor Small, Indicted for embezzlement of state funds, decided that he was im mune to arrest during his term in of fice and considered the calling out of state troops to protect himself. His lawyers, appearing before Judge Smith of Springfield as "amid curiae," ad vised the. court that the governor was Immune, ridiculously basing their as sertion on the old maxim that "the king can do no wrong." The judge humored their solemn dignity with a long and erudite opinion, in which he completely riddled their position, turned their authorities against them selves and made it quite clear that in his view these friends of 4he court were offering decidedly unfriendly ad vice. He ruled that the governor, like any other man, was not Immune to ar rest und prosecution for crime, and ordered the sheriff to take him into custody after giving him reasonable time to surrender. At this writing Mr. Small is still at large, conferring with his political friends, presumably trying to find tome way out of the dt lemma. i' 7 -I A A tw* '•2,:"-'-'»''i?j* 'V? ERIN ACCEPTS BRITKHOFFERS Final Settlement Said to Await Only Official Announce- vx ments by Leaders IRELAND TO BEREPUBUG Reported Agreement Would Give Isle Even Greater Freedom Than Can ada Ratification of Conference Decisions Is Awaitde. Dublin. Settlement of the Irish question awaits only formal announce ment, according to authoritative Infor *ation-here. President DeValera and his cabinet are said to have accepted an enlarged offer from Great Britain which will make Ireland a republic In everything but name. Ulster's position was reported to have been settled, permitting her to maintain a subordinate parliament un til different arrangements can be made. The cabinet's decision followed the return here of Arthur O'Brien from London. It was commonly reported he carried an important communication from Lloyd George. Power of Dominion. Before formal announcement of the agreement is made, it is expected all members of the Irish parliament-will be released and permitted to ratify the cabinet's decision. De Valera already had called for such a session this week and arrangements previously had been made for release of those members still In prison. Details of the settlement were withheld but the basis of It Is that Ireland is to have the standing of a dominion with even greater power than Canada, it is stated. Arthur O'Brien's mission in London was carefully guarded. On his return here he conferred with DeValera. It Is now believed that De Valera will re turn to London the latter part of the week, possibly Thursday. .• Doomed Man Released. Dublin.—John J. Egan, who has been Incarcerated In the Limerick jail, was liberated Sunday and has reached his home., Egan was under sentence of death but last week the master of the rolls in. habeas corpus proceedings ordered that the prisoner be brought into court. Failure to comply resulted in writs of attachment being issued. It was an nounce Saturday that the crown at torney, had decided to release Egan pending a hearing on the appeal against the habeas corpus proceedings and contempt of court orders. PEACE OUTLOOK PROMISING President Hopes Conference Will End Wars, He Says in Speech. Plymouth, Mass.—A hope that the disarmament conference called by the United States may bring to the world a new era of peace and freedom was' expressed by President Harding in an address here at the tercentenary of the landing of the Pilgrims. Characterizing the international sit uation as "more than promising," the president asserted that the seed of common tolerance and understanding planted by the fathers here was begin ning to bear fruit a thousandfold In the relations between nations. TAX ON BANK CHECKS. IS PLAN OF TREASURY HEAD Washington.—A tax of two cents on bank checks, a flat license tax of $10 on all automobiles, irrespec tive of cost or horsepower, an in crease of first class postage rates* to three cents and an added levy on cigars, tobacco and cigarettes are understood to have been among tax revision suggestions presented by Secretary Mellon to the house ways and means com mittee meeting in executive ses sion. Growers Ship First Car. Fargo.—The first carload of wheat has left North Dakota consigned to the United tates Grain Growers, Inc. It was probably the first car shipped In the United States and was shipped from the local growers association or ganized at Fairmount, Richland coun ty to N. D. Davies, one of the U. S. Grain Growers organizers. It was-con signed to St. Paul. Protests Slur on the South. Washington.—Representative Byrnes of South Carolina has asked President Harding In a letter to take "appropriate action toward officials who, by mis representing conditions, misled you Into making the statement" that parts of tine South' were "actually menaced with famine und plague." Trade Reaction Still Evident. Washington.—Business reaction lr basic lines of industry still was re fleeted during July In volume of busi ness, extent of unemployment and de pression of production, says the month ly review of general economic condi tions issued by the federal reserve board. Copper und zinc were said to suffer from lack of demand and ex treme depression of prices. The board declared there had been noticeable Im provement In production of cement and structural steel as a result of the In crease in building operations. SEE RECORD CROP Western iCanad^ Farmers Re joice Over Bountiful Harvest., Favorable Weather and Fertile Land Combine to Pour Riches Into the Hands of Agriculturists. There are those In nearly every statj*^. in the Union who have relatives or friends, or someone they have known, who are residents of some of the provinces of Western Canada. Tney have gone there to carry on the pro fession and occupation of farming. Their progress has been carefully, watched and such news as may come from them or the country that they have taken partial possession of will be read with Interest. Important news Just now is the condition of the crops. Newspaper correspondents and govern ment representatives are now In a posl tion, after making a careful survey of conditions, to announce that the crop conditions in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta carry the promise of an early and bountiful harvest and. farm ers view- the. outlook with utmost pleasure. Good growing weather ban prevailed since seeding and all cereal crops are well advanced. Wheat headed out has long, heavy heads, and big yields are indicated predictions are being made that the record pro duction per acre In 1915 will be ex ceeded. Harvesting began in some. sections in the early part of August. An Interesting feature of the situation is the fact that there are no bad re ports from any part of the country from the Red river to the Rocky moun tains and from the International boundary to Peace river. There will also be good fruit, vegetable and root crops. Most remarkable has been the germi nation of most of the grain. Marquis wheat sown on May 11 was fully headed out on June 30. Considerable advancement has taken place in the last few years in the growing of corn. Sunflowers are also being grown quite extensively. Both these do wonderfully well. On July 4 the writer was shown a twenty-acre field of corn that had reached a height of upwards of .five feet, while a five acre field of sunflowers close by, was entering for a keen race skyward. Both will doubtless be used for ensilage, to which will be added a splendid crop of alfalfa or sweet clover, which also have proved very successful. Ndw that corn, sunflowers, sweet clover and alfalfa have taken a liking to the coun try, it will mean a' period of recon struction in many farming districts, and mixed farming will-supersede the period of "grain mining" that, no mat ter how fertile the soil, no matter how generous It may be In giving forth from Its great storehouse of all the properties that have given to Western Canada Its well-earned name of the wheat granary of the world, too much may be asked of it the departure from this into the sphere of more intensive farming, covering many generalities not before indulged in, will add dol lars per acre to the value of this pro ductive land. Those who have watched the progress of Western Can ada, have been looking for the day when corn and such like can be grown successfully. It has now arrived. The cattle and dairy industry will be given an Impulse that will attract those who have been wedded to this kind of farm life, while none of the Interest that may be taken by the grain grower will be lessened. Already there Is an Influence following the fact that corn and sunflowers can be grown, that Is leading to the erection of silos In many paits of the country, all in dicating a growing satisfaction as to the great future that lies before it. Due chiefly to the drop in costs of materials and wages, farmers through out the prairie .provinces are erecting many buildings this year, says the edi tor and manager of the Prairie Lum berman, who was a visitor to Van couver a few days ago. A campaign is under way among- the retail lumber men and farmers, urging the erection of 2,000 silos this year, and this Is meeting with success, more plans and specifications having been prepared and' more structures being under way problably than at any other time In the history of the West.—Advertise ment. Protection Against Radium. A physician using radium has to In sulate himself thoroughly from its ef fects. Dr. Belcherc of the French Academy of Medicine says they must wear gloves lined with lead, and spec tacles containing lead salt they must handle the radium salts with pincers and sit at the table lined with lead. He Is perfecting a lead protector for the heart and lungs, but advises operators to wrap themselves in thin lead sheets. Jud Tunkins. Jud Tunkins says nature puts enough scules on a fish to give it more of a bathing suit than some human beings wear. From Missouri. "What In the world are you kick ing about?" asked the red-headed land lady. "When .(Ktook my room you told me there was a single hair mat tress on the bed." said the thin board er. "So I did." "Well, will you please come up to nty room and show me the single hair?" Knows a Lot 6 "So your son Is home from college!" "Yep." "Has he learned much?" "He certainly has. More than his mother and I have picked up In a lifetime." I"" "wrassai I V* I"