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vl r" iv. 1 si -0..V ?,. JA: et Official Paper of Imthm, N. Dak. Volume 41. No. 24 POTATOES ARE PROFIT ABLE CROP AT SABIN Party from Hope Investigate Advantages of Potatoes In Clay County W. Q. Newell, C. W. Moorea, E. M. Fuller and the Editor autoed to Sa il In, Minn. Monday tor the purpose of finding out more about the growing of' potatoes and the success of this Industry. Sabin is a small town about ten miles- south-east of Fargo on the Great Northern. About 600 car loads of potatoes are shipped from this point annually and in driving through the country no one could fail to no tice the appearance of prosperity in evidence on every farm. Fine homes, large barns, well kept grounds, etc., are the rule, and potatoes are entitl ed to the credit. In Clay county this year there are 23,000 acres of spuds they will yield on ah average from 80 to 100 bu. per acre and will bring over $2,000,000 at the present mark et. -While in Sabin, we had the plea sure of meeting and talking with Ifenry Schroeder, the "Potato King" and two of his sons. Mr. Schroeder has made a large fortune raising potatoes and knows the business from every angle. Outside of the val ue of the potato crop, he finds that the ground is put in fine shape for wheat or barley for the following year or two being even better than summer- fallowing. The principle Hhlng necefesary 40 growing potatoes is to keep the field well cultivated and free froih weeds. He says It is some times necessary to go over it ten times altogether, using the weeder, disc, and cultivator --The worst weed to content with being the Pigeon Grass. -With reasonable priced seed, the actual' cost of raising an acre of po tatoes there, is about $40 per acre. This' includes interest and taxes on land valued at $200 per acre. This year their profit will average about $60 per acre. When-questioned as to how often they had a failure, they said they could not tell yet, as they had not had one. This section of North Dakota has reached a stage in development where a change must be made in farming. It ^has been conclusively demonstrated that wheat cannot be depended upon as a main crop any '^Obger. It has also been demonstrat ed that potatoes, good ones too, can be raised here. We do not advocate rushing into this this business pell mell/ but would like to see steps taken toward establishing it In the community. In all probabity seed will be high next spring, but there are very few farmers who could not at -least plant a small patch, say from one to ten acres, while a few could probably handle larger field. The following-year there would be seed on hand for a larger acerage. The Question of a market and the building of a warehouse can be de cided at any time the needs of the situation require. Investigation shows that $6,000 will build a ware house sufficiently large for this com munity for several years. This year it is estimated that about 30 carloads of potatoes will be marketed here, the year before about 10 carloads were shipped. It will be an easy matter to bring this up to 160 carloads for next year or even more than that. While it appears at this time that It is a matter for the individual farmer to plan ways and means of fatting Into the potato raising game, Bg MCKIE, THE PRINTER'S DEVIL there is a splendid opportunity for co-operation in getting started. It it is desired to hold a meeting to dis cuss different phases of the ques tion and secure more detailed in information, the Pioneer stands ready and willing to give full pub licity to the project. There is also a possibility of great assistance in the. matter from the new department of Vocational Agriculture in the High School. The columns of the Pioneer are open for discussion of the question at all times. NELSON ISSUES CHALLENGE "And then, If the Attorney Gen eral has proof of corruption and ir regularities, as he says he has, why does he make all of these vague statements? Why does he not come out from ambush and name the men and specific instances. The most di rect charge up to the present time is the following which appeared as a Bismarck dispatch with Lemke as sponsor in the Courier-News of Aug ust 26th: "A man at Tolley, knovn as a Nonpartisan Leaguer was -asked by the I. V. A. head quarters to circulate a recall petition, for which he would be paid liberally. Merely to test them out, the Xolley man wrote that he would do it for $600. By return mail he received a check for $300, merely to circulate a petition in his community. This would indicate a larger fund than $4,000. "But even this charge is «ot de finite enough. Why not mention the name of the man? It would be in teresting to know if the attorney general, or any one else, could do that, because there is no man at Tolley or elsewhere who has received $300 or any other amount "for cir culating petitions in their own neigh borhood." The I. V. A. has some sal aried organizers who have done some work in getting the work on the re call petitions under way. in parts of the state where assistance was re quired. But League Leaders should not kick against the employment oif salaried organizers." CASH TO BE ADVANCED FOR WOOL POOL SHIPMENTS An advance of eight cents a pound on wool consigned to the state pool at Fargo will be given to all con signors who request it, William Guy, secretary-manager of the pool an nounces. No advance was given con signors to the pool last year. The price of last year's pool averages 13 cents -per pound to the consignor, afier all expenses were paid, vary ing according to the grade of wool each consignor sent in. Only 68,000 pounds, all half grade wool re mains unsold of the 619,000 pounds in the 1920 pool. The advance will be made to the consignor within ten days after the wool has been inspected at the Fargo warehouse, Mr. Guy states. The re mainder of the money will be paid af ter the year's pool has been sold. Each consignor will be paid accord ing to the average price. secured for the grades into which his wool is classed, and according to the freight advanced on the shipment to the pool. Wool has been coming in to the pool for several weeks now. Wool growers who already have sent in their wool and wish the advance should make application for it. Financial Note There has been some agitation for a new moto for coins. We offer. one to suit all classes: "Abide With Me." t.• iceprfltfi VOCATIONAL AGRICUL TURE IN JGH SCHOOL New Course Offers Excep tional Advantages to All A new course is being offered this year in the Hope High School for those who are especially interested in agriculture. This course is designed to meet the needs of persons over 14 years of age who have entered upon or who are preparing to enter upon the work of the farm. The State Board of Vocational Education has made possible the employment of an agricultural teacher who will work throughout the calender year, di recting the agricultural teaching in the High School during the time the school Is in session and di recting the project work of the boys during the summer months. Even though this work is meant primarily tor the boys on the farm, nevertheless anyone who is especially interested in agriculture may take the work wheth er he lives on the farm or not. The course offered will be of such a nature that those who live in the city and care to take the work may derive as much benefit from the work as. those who live on the farm. A special pro vision has been made in Vocational Agriculture which is directly bene ficial to the boys who are unable to enter the High School. This work enables any boy 16. years or over to enroll in Vocational Agriculture whether he is qualified or not to at tend High School. He can come direct from the farm to attend the classes and then may leave for the farm again if he chooses to do so. Thus it gives the boy who must stay on the farm a~chance to take advantage of this work as any student who is regularly enrolled in the High School. If sufficient time can be given to the work, it is probable that a short course will be arranged for those who are so unfortunate as to be un able to. attend the regular classes in .Vocational Agriculture. This will be open to,men and boys, and will un doubtably be held during the winter months. The course offered this year will be Field Crops and Soils which is the first year of the standard four year course, required in this state. One unit of credit is given for this course. .Allied- shopwork of a practcal nature is also to be given in connection with the agriculture work which al so allows one unit of credit. Each of the two subjects will require two periods of time which will allow sufficient tlihe for the .student to take other courses to round out bis MERE, VWMWE V9\ &VSE AVK.9MNE\ TUvS AlttT AWN UOTEU YOU CAKTT SLEEP wens *^f*k"X.K-^.*.i? .-"tyc Vf p. HOPE, STEELE COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, SEPTEMBER l, 1921 OOSH, THIS 01' WRLD IS &OINI to TM'POOSj By Charles Sughroe •WamNnvwilMa fo. o«XI"RARV£5 192 instruction in the High School. Em phasis will be particularly laid upon the crops and type of agriculture best suited to and the most important in this county. The study of each crop fnculudes its botanical structure, via rieties best adapted to this region, se lection of seed, culture requirements, methods of harvesting and market ing, market grades, fungus and in sect enemies, and weeds. The remain der of the four year course is as follows: Second year-Animal Husban dry Ms unit ^hird year-Farm Machin ery 1 unit, General Farm Mechanics l/i unit, and .Farm Gas Engines and Tractors ^unit Fourth year-Farm Management V£ unit, Farm Account ing and Marketing Problems unit, Market Classes of Farm Animals unit, and Vegetable Gardening and Horticulture V&unit. Thus it is seen that the instruction in Vocational Ari culture that is to be offered in the Hope High School is extensive in every detail with no limit as to its practicability as far as those inter ested in Agriculture are concerned. Another interesting part of the Vo cational Agriculture work is the pro ject work which each student must take in order to receive his credit earned in the courses already stated. Extra credit is also given to the stud ent whose project is of considerable merit and shows a partial or com plete solution of the problem he has taken for his project. There are two kinds of project work: class projects and individual projects. The class projects will be conducted during the lime school is in session and done by the class as a whole. Each student may also choose for himself some pro ductive agricultural project extend ing over a period of six months if he does not desire to take part in the class project work. Individual projects will especially be encouraged. The project Work is definitely planned and an accurate account must be kept by the student of the cost, receipts, gain or loss, as well as a written report or record of the project work and how he obtained his results. The project work therefore which is a distinc tive feature of Vocational Agricul ture also indicates its practicability as it gives the student a chance to put his ideas to practical use. Vocational Agriculture thus affords an excellent opportunity for the boys who are planning to enroll in the Hope High School Sept. 6th., to receive the three fold benefits frhich this work gives,^ profitable employment, school credit for work of educational value, and in creased food production. NORTH DAKOTA CORN WILL MATURE EARLY THIS YEAR Corn will be mature enough all over the state ,of North Dakota to AW, vow mm* Noukfc vioz*it Sleeping, woz TVAiKiKiMS I pick for seed during Seed Corn Week, September 6-10, according to Theo dore Stoa, assistant agronomist at the Experiment Station, Agricultural College. In fact, some of the earlier varieties were mature enough at the station to pick for seed any time after August 25. Picking the seed from the standing grain insures the best grain being used for seed,, and also allows the seed corn to dry out sufficiently be fore the first frost to stand the freeze without losing germinating power. WINTER WHEAT NOT MUCH OF A SUCCESS IN NO. DAK. Winter Wheat will not be grown successfully In North Dakota until a more hardy variety is secured, accord ing to L. R. Waldron, plant breeder, I North Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station. Results of experiments with the crop in North Dakota are summa rized in Bulletin 151, Winter Wheat in North Dakota, written by Mr. Wal jdrcn and just published at the Agri cultural College. Fall sown wheat definitely out yields spring wheat, in areas having Winers sufficiently mild to allow successful winter wheat culture. Win Uer temperatures in North Dakota, (however, generally are too low to allow winter wheats to survive. Dry autumms may prevent germination, dry winters and springs in the west ern part of the state may induce killing, and alternate freezing and thawing in the spring may work ser ious injury to the wheat. Experiments at 'Fargo, Langdon unci Hdgeley, for the eastern half of the (rate show winter wheat to be aim est uniformly a failure, Mr. Wald ron says. Experiments at Williston, Dickinson, for western North Dakota, are more favorable for winter wheat, but comparitive yields at these two i)la :e3 show winter wheat to be only abcut half as productive as spring wheat. Trials were made for several years 011 the Demonstration farms distri buted over the state. Only 25 percent of the 82 fields planted were success ful, and in these cases yields were lower than those secured from spring wheat. ALL BUNK, SAYS NELSON ''Home Builder Lemke is running tiui to form when he charges whole sale corruption in connection with he recall petitions," said Mr.J^elson. "It is evident that the main part of he League 'program' in this cam paign is to circulate so many un ru.hs that it would keep these head quarters busy spending its entire lime denying them. "I am willing to admit right from the start that we would be hopelessly lost in such a contest. Our versatile chief of the state department of Jus tice can manufacture untrue stories much faster than anyone can keep track of them. The purpose of all this is to divert attention from the real issues in the campaign. If there has been 'gross irregularities' and 'wholeaale corruption' why does not the attorney general devote his at tention to getting the guilty parties apprehended and brought to justice instead of fighting theoretical wind mills in his own subsidized press?" Minnesota No. 2 Rye, For Sale. A Sweedish variety, bred up by the Minnesota Experiment Station. Re ports have shown this rye to be hard ier for northern climate and a much better yielder than the common var ities. For sale at $1.25 per bushel, which is from 30c to 50c less than seed house prices. Located on Sec. 16 in Carpenter Tlwnship, see Matt Baker or R. A. Lathrop. .-' r.r x. v:. .- -, _». wagnnwa^aia^:^ -iv'' Official Paper, Gity of Hope, N. Dak. $2.00 per year, 5 At the end of last week nearly 74,000 signatures to the recall peti tions were recorded at the Independ ent state headquarters in Fargo With reports indicating that the work is still going on for full speed in some of the districts where the eighty per cent of the O'Connor vote has not yet been reached. The headquarter staff is now busy checking up oh the peti tions to avoid any possible irregu larities. Attorney General Lemke, Gover nor Frazier and the Courier-News are running a close race in issuing vague and false charges against the opposition to the present state ad ministration. Secretary Theo. G. Nelson is right when he says that the attorney general's department has sunk so low that it has become a mere adjunct to the League political machine- for propaganda spreading purposes, it is a sad state of affairs when our leading state officials -can findxnothing better to do than slan der 'their opponents in a political fight. Less than a dozen names has been taken off the recall petitions after the petitions have been filed at the state headquarters and in every instance these have been taken off at the re quest of I. V. A. workers who feared that the signers—all persons employ ed by League county officials—would lose their Jobs if they were found out. League leaders have threatened to do just this thing, and it is a pretty state of affairs when a citizen ie not allowed to exercise his con stitutional prerogative without being punished, isn't it? Before the Senate investigation committee last winter it was stated that Attorney E. R. Sinker, of Minot, who appeared for the members of the industrial committee, was not to have any remuneration for his ser vices. It now appears that Mr. Sink ler has received two checks for these gratis" services so far, one for $977.39 and one for $250. Mr. Sink ler's work covered only a few days of the investigation. The repeated charges of whole sale corruption fh connection with the gathering of signatures to the recall petitions, given utterance to by Attorney General Lemke in his speeches throughout the state and in interviews in his own Courier-News as well as other League newspapers, was dealt with in a statement issued by Secretary Theo. G. Nelson, of the Independent Voters' Association. Mr. Nelson declares that the Attor ney general's department under its present chief has degenerated until it has become merely an adjunct to the Nonpartisan League political machine for the purpose of spreading untruths and vicious propaganda that there is absolutely no foundation in fact for the wild and vile stories circulated and fathered by the contract owner of the castiiest state built palatial mansion in North Dakota that the "charges" are manufactured out of whole cloth for the consumption of the more gullible voters and that, if there were any truth in the attor ney general's assertions, then Mr. Lemke is neglecting his official duty by not taking the responsible parties to account. The Morning After the Chautauqua Opened DO NOO ALXWANS StiQBB UMEkt NOD THINVC'? 5 (U iSS Cts. per copy 74,000 SIGNERS ON ON REGALLPETITIONS Attorney General Invited to Produce Evidence of Cor ruption and Fraud, etc.