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The Hope pioneer. [volume] (Hope, N.D.) 1882-1964, May 04, 1922, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87096037/1922-05-04/ed-1/seq-3/

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Hogs Still Firm and Higher
Cattle Up.
XT. S. Bureau of Markets, Washington, D. C.,
for week ended May 1, 1922.
HAY—Eastern hay markets general
ly firm for best grades of timothy.
Lower grades and timothy in poor de
mand and sold only at material con
cessions In price. While prices in the
Central Western markets were prac
tically unchanged, the undertone of
the market appeared to be weakening.
.( Country loadings were reported as
light. Quoted April 29. No. 1 timothy
Cihcago $27 Minneapolis $23 No. 1
prairie Chicago $18, Minneapolis $19.
FEED—Wheat mill feed market
slightly weaker. Offerings more libe
ral both from mills and jobbers.
Prices tending downward. Country
jlc Xkiid continues light.
GRAIN—Declines the first three days
of week were offset by later gains and
prices show only fractional changes
for the week. Principal market fac
tors were: Liquidation on lack of
"buying and improved crop conditions,
and heavy export buisneas. Visible
supply wheat 31,281,000 bus., a de
crease of 212,000 bus. for week. Visible
•supply corn 35,564,000 bus., a decrease
of 3,450,000 bus. for week. Closing
prices in Chicago cash market: No. 2
Ted winter wheat $1.43 No. 2 hard
•winter wheat 1.41 No. 2 mixed corn
2c No. 2 yellow corn 63c No. 3 white
oats 38%. Average farm prices: No.
2 mixed corn in Central Iowa 49V£c
"No. 1 dark northern wheat in Central
North Dakota $1.41% No. 2 hard win
"rer wheat in Central Kansas $1.20.
•Chicago grain stocks 3,360,d00 bus.
wheat 8,430.000 bus. corn 16,740,000
"bus. oats. Chicago July wheat closed
at $1.28% Chicago July corn 63%c
Minneapolis July wheat $1.46 Kansas
City July wheat $1.19% Winnipeg
July wheat $1.39.
VEGETABLES Potato markets
•higher. Northern sacked round whites
-up 25c in Eastern cities at $1.65 to $2
•per 100 lbs. Chicago carlot sales up
40c at $1.85 to $2. North Central ship
ping points up $1.70 to $1.75.
go hog prices ranged from firm to ten
cents higher. Beef and butcher cattle
and also feeder steers generally 10 to
15c higher veal calves up 25 to 50c.
"Pat lambs practically steady fat ewes
Tanging from 25c higher to as much as
UOc lower. Yearlings generally 25c
'lower. May 1st Chicago prices: Hogs
top $10.65 bulk of sales $10.10 to
10.60 medium and good beef steers
$7.50 to 8.75 butchers cows and heifers
$4.65 to 8.60 feeder steers $6 to 7.75
light and medium weight veal calves
$6 to 8 fat lambs $12 to 14.95 year
linjs $9.75 to 12.75 fat ewes $7 to
Stocker and feeder shipments from
12 important markets during the week
ending April 21 were: Cattle and
calves 47,845 hogs 11,304 sheep 6,404.
kets steady except at Chicago which
turned very weak with a decline of
IMiC.' Light spring production haa
served to hold markets in steady posi
tion but possibility of seasonal de
clines expected at any time has kept
the undertone nervous. Closing prices
92 score: New York 39%c Philadel
phia 39c Boston 40c Chicago 37%c.
Cheese markets steady. Low prices
liave stimulated good demand and the
more active trading and steady posi
tion of butter markets have been fac
tors of influence. Cheese productions
just about holding steady account late
•spring. Pirces at Wisconsin primary
markets April 29: Twins 14%c Dai
sies lSi&c Double Daisies 14%c
Longhorns 16%c Young Americas
15%c Square Prints 16c.
Minneapolis Cash Closing Prices.
Minneapolis—Wheat, No. 1 dark nor
thern $1.63 @1.68 No. 'l northern, $1.61
@1.63 No. 2 dark northern $1.59
1.65 No. 2 northern. $1.57 @1.60 No.
3 northern, [email protected] No. 1 durum,
$1.35%@1.40%. Corn No. 2 yellow,
S6%[email protected]%. Oats, No. 2 white, [email protected]
•36c. Barley, choice to fancy, [email protected]
Rye^ko. 2, [email protected] Flaxseed, $2.83
South St. Paul Live Stock.
So. St. Paul—Steers, [email protected]
cows and heifers, [email protected] veal
calves, [email protected] hogs, [email protected]
sheep and lambs, [email protected]
Minneapolis Butter, Eggs and Poultry.
Minneapolis BUTTER Extras,
lb. 37c firsts, 30c seconds, 25c pack
ing stock, 16c storage creamery, 30c.
EGGS—Country receipts, rots out,
per case, $6.30 No. 1 candled, good
cases, free from rots, small, dirties,
checks out, doz. 22c seconds, small,
dirty and held stock, rots and leakers
out, doz. 18c checks, rots and leakers
out, doz. 16c. Quotations on eggs in
clude cases.
LIVE POULTRY—Hens over 4 lbs.
25c uWer 4 lbs. 20c turkeys, fat, 8
bs. and over, 25c turkeys, small, lb.
[email protected] young roosters, 20c old
roosters, 15c geese, fat, 12c guineas,
doz., $5 ducks, lb. 18c.
"During the last five years we have
past through one of the most trying
periods in the history of the horse
industry," says R. E. Lujibehusen,
veterinarian, North Dakota experi
ment station, "a period during which
almost every conceivable make and
design of motor vehicle was put be
fore the public and received a just
and thorough trial to determine
whether or not the horse was to be
replaced as the economical factor In
industry and agricultural production.
As we emerge from this competitive
era let us gather facts as they are to
determine whether or not the horse,
should again take the place it once
held as a source of motive power as
well as a factor In the breeding and
livestock markets of the country.
"In summing up these facts we find
that during the past four or five
years farmers and stockmen have cur
tailed and in many cases wholly ceas
ed horse production. This may be
explained in part on the grounds of
the motor craze which appealed to
the average farmer as the avenue to
a more satisfactory and economical
source of power, and in part because
of the corresponding depression In the
horse market. Breeders of pure-bred
horses who should have carried on
promptly refused to breed their dames
on the plea of a fallen market and the
extreme uncertainty of future sales.
The result has been that In the North
west today we are facing a lack of
pure-bred and high grade draft horses
which within the next four or five
years is going to amount to an acute
shortage, for undeniably the agricul
turalist is slowly returning to the horse
for the solution of his farm power
"This change, gradual though It Is,
Is due in part to the fact that to date,
no tractor put before the public can
compete with horse power over a per
iod of four years. Again, never before
has It been necessary for the farmer
to figure on a dollars and cents basis.
We have arrived at the place where
It has become necessary to part down
excessive everhead expense. It is not
the writer's intention nor will space
permit a comparison of the adapta
bility or farm power cost of the trac
tor and horse, may It suffice at pres
ent to say that the latter passed
through an acid test during the per
iod from which we are now emerging
and was not found wanting.
"Disregarding for a time the mat
ter of farm' power, let us turn our at
tention to the market value of pure
bred and high grade horses. I refer
to these classes because they are the
ones which merit consideration. De
spite three successive crop failures,
stringent financial conditions and a
generally depressed market, the well
bred, typy, draft horse is a present
selling in Eastern market and at com
munity farm sales at prices which
give the gratifying Indication that this
type of animal is becoming more and
more In demand. During the past win
ter the farmers of eastern North Da
kota have marketed several car loads
of horses which brought an average
The farm garden In North Dakota
will pay large dividends In dollars
and cents for tiie time and money
invested in it. Fresh vegetables are
necessary in the diet. Vegetables can
not be supplied fresh to the farms In
any way except by the home garden.
Canned vegetables are a poor substi
tute, and many vegetables cannot be
secured at all In the canned form.
A garden is a necessary part of home
life. It supplies an Interest other
wise lacking.
Locate the. garden as close to the
house as a suitable place can be
found. Protection from the south and
west winds of summer Is exceedingly
desirable. If there is no permanent
shelter, for temporary protection
plant corn or other high growing
plants. For permanent protection a
hedgerow around the garden is best.
Make the garden no larger than can
easily be cared for. The size of the
garden should be determined by the
situation of the person who Is to care
for It, and the way in which it is to
be cultivated. If horse cultivated,
half an acre amy be desirable, but
Faithful Horse Believed To Be
Returning To Place In Industry
Prepared Under Direction of
North Dakota Agricultural College
of $200 per head in the east central
and New England states. Not so very
discouraging, is it nor an indication
that the good servicable draft horse
is a thing of the past. Why are agri
cultural men depleting their limited
supply of draft horses? Why have
they discontinued breeding your draft
mares and curtailed the necessary
horse supply of the next four or five
years? If a draft mare is worth $200
In an eastern market, Isn't she worth
thht much and more to the farmer as
a breeder and source of motive power?
Do you suppose the present gratifying
sale of good draft horses is because of
the success of motor transportation
and economic tractor performance?
"With the coming breeding season,
keep these pertinent facts iu mind:
First, the horse Is returning to the
place once held, that of the cheapest
farm power obtainable despite tiie on
slaughts of automotive power, statis
tics have yet to show where they can
compete with average farm conditions
second, the demand for purebred draft
horses Is Increasing with long strides
we afe beginning to realize that the
day of the scrub Is passing, and let us
hope that at a not too distant future
date we may see the end of that un
worthy line third, make the resolution
that while, ushering in a renewed
horse power era, you will also do your
bit in fostering a better horse move
ment. If you have no purebred draft
mores breed your best grades. Turn
your attention to the good, typy draft
mare whose minimum weight should
be at least 1,350 lbs. Such an animal
mated to a worthy sire should produce
an offspring worthy of the duties be
fore it. It is far better to raise one
purebred than three scrub horses for
in this age the scrub horse should
have no place In reproduction.
"The horse breeders of North Da
kota have at their service an organiza
tion which from Its earliest inception
has conscientiously endeavored to play
an important part in the production of
purebred and worthy grade horses.
Thanks to the co-operative spirit of
stallion owners and livestock owners
In general, much has been accom
plished by the Stallion Registration
Board, In fostering the use of sound,
purebred sires throughout, the state.
Through its regulations only purebred
Or high grade sires of the first genera
tion are eligible for use. As an addi
tional safeguard every stallion in serv
ice is inspected for soundness every
three years until the age of ten. It is
strictly against the regulations of the
Board to stand grade stallions for
service and it should be the duty of
every person Interested in better live
stock to report to the board such of
fenders. While the results of the
labors of the board have been gratify
ing yet they will have been in vain if
the men in the field fail to do their
part in mating their best dams to a
purebred sire, for it Is only through
such co-operative effort that we' can
hope to eliminate the scrub and
worthily usher in with heavy purebred
draft horses the horse power era which
is so surely making itself evident."
It should be no larger. If hand cul
tivated, a space 50 feet square or
less may be sufficient. Be sure to
get proper tools to work tiie garden.
If hand cultivated, get a wheel hoe
the first tiling. For most vegetables,
a small garden, wheel hoe cultivated,
will likely prove best.
In preparing the soil, it should be
manured heavily, and is best plowed,
but not harrowed, in the fall. Work
down well as early as convenient In
the spring. Order tiie seed from a
seed house early. Grow things you
like, as others only waste your time.
Avoid novelties.
A pair of rubbers is health insur
ance for the whole family.
Dishes that can be carried directly
to the table from the oven rank among
labor savers of the first class.
A place for everything and every
thing in its place in the cleaning
closet, says one efficient housekeeper.
Among the foods particularly good
for children and grown-ups are: fruit,
milk, whole cereals, milk, green vege
tables, milk, eggs, milk, butter, milk
and milk.
Farmer's Own
Timely Comments on Agricultural Topics for Our Readers
Isle of Wight Disease Cause of
Serious Injury to Industry
in Parts of Europe.
All Feasible Efforts to Be Made to
Prevent Introduction of Queen
Bees From Foreign Countries,
Except Canada.
(Prepared by the United States Department
of Agriculture.)
Serious ravages causing almost com
plete destruction of the beekeeping in
dustry in parts of Europe by the "Isle
of Wight" disease lias started deter
mined action by American beekeepers
to save their business from similar
losses. Thus far the disease has not
I gained a foothold in this country or
In Canada, and it is believed that
should tiie disease become established
here beekeepers, queen breeders and
manufacturers of bee supplies would
quickly be ruined and horticultural In
terests would be seriously damaged.
As a first step toward preventing
this, a meeting was held recently at
the bureau of entomology of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture, which was attended by special
ists from several states and Canada
who are interested in protective meas
Prevent Introduction of Bees.
The meeting decided to use ull feasi
ble efforts to prevent the introduc
tion of queen tees from all foreign
countries except Canada, and to dis
courage tiie introduction of adult bees
Into the United States except for ex
perimental and scientific purposes by
the United States Department of Agri
culture. Since there is no known
Isle of Wight disease In Canada and
since it is hoped and expected that
the Dominion of Canada will establish
the same safeguards to the beekeeping
industry, it Is planned not to establish
any quarantines or prohibitions
against shipments of bees from and to
All the men who attended the meet
ing were of the opinion that the Isle
of Wight disease would be such a
serious menace to beekeeping on this
continent that every possible step
should be taken to prevent its Intro-
Swarming Bees.
duction. All importation of queen bees
should be stopped, they believed. Pend
ing full legislation in this matter, the
conferees are hopeful that beekeepers
In both countries will co-operate to
the fullest extent by making no at
tempt to introduce adult bees. Any
queen breeder who introduced tills dis
ease into the country would be doing
a great damage to the beekeeping in-
Treatment Will Add at Least 10 Per
Cent to Yield and 20 Per Cent
to Quality.
To prevent smut In oats dissolve
one pint or one pound of formalin
I (formaldehyde) In 40 gallons of water,
soak the seed therein for 20 minutes,
spread out thin and rake over until
dry. Or sprinkle oats with ten gal
lons of water In which is a pint of
formalin, shovel over until wetted,
cover with blanket or canvas for two
hours to let the gas do its work, then
spread out to dry. This simple pre
caution adds at least 10 per cent to
the yield and 20 per cent to the qual
ity of the crop.
Immense Loss by Insect*.
Insects cause un unnual loss In the
United States amounting to between
one and two billion dollars.
Place to Make Cheese.
On farms where there Is a surplus of
milk, cheesemaklnc offers exceptional
dustr.v that would oe a serious draw
back to future business. It was said.
Beekeepers who see any outbreak of
any disease of adult bees are urged
to send at once samples for examina
tion and diagnosis to the bureau of en
tomology, Washington. More detailed
information concerning the disease
may be obtained by writing to the
United States Department of Agricul
ture, Washington, for a copy of De
partment Circular 218, entitled "The
Occurrence of Diseases of Adult Bees,"
which is available for free dlstriba
Necessary to Eliminate All Weak
or Dead Ears.
Dry Rot Fungus Seriously Weakens
Germinating Qualities—Glazed
Paper and Strip of Bleached
Muslin Needed.
The rag doll tester, which has saved
many corn crops by eliminating the
poor seed, will have to be brought hack
into service this spring, according to
plant disease experts of the Iowa State
I 6
4 1
Modified Rag Doll Tester Partly
Rolled, Showing Corn in Place to Be
Tested—Each Ear Is in a Row and
Rows Are Numbered to Correspond
With Ears.
college. They say that, due to the
large amounts of corn rot fungus In
many sections, the seed corn ougiit to
be tested so tiiat tiie dead or weak
ears can be taken out.
Dry rot fungus stays in the ears and
cannot be detected in the seed. How
ever, wherever It is present it seriously
weakens the germinating qualities, and
often destroys them.
A modified rag doll tester Is mnde
ohonnlv nnd easily. Take a srrlp of
glazed butcher's paper nine or ten
inches wide and six feet long and a
similar strip of good quality bleached
muslin and lay tiie muslin on the pa
per. The paper Is used to prevent the
molds from spreading throughout the
To operate the tester, boll the cloth
in water and place on the paper. Then
place the grains of seed corn, taken
at random from the ears, on the damp
cloth, germ side down. Place the tips
of the corn ail the same' way. Itoll up
the strip with the kernels of the corn
carefully and place tiie roll on end
In a tub or pail which has about a
quart of water in it. Place a wet sack
over the dolls to prevent their drying
out. Keep at a temperature of 80 to
85 degrees F. The corn will germinate
Be careful not to place the kernels
too close together in the tester as tiie
molds, if present, will spread. Where
kernels are weak discard the ear. In
using tiie rag doll tester for second
testings be sure and get new paper
and to boil the cloth thoroughly so as
to remove any molds that might have
stayed in the cloth.
The value of having a vegeta
ble garden on the farm that will
supply the table during the
growing season with a bounteous
amount of fresh garden produce
cannot be estimated. A plot
100 by 100 feet properly planned,
planted and cared for, should
produce a good supply for table,
winter storage and canalng.
Winter-Laying Hens.
Finish hatchiug chicks for win
ter layers. Give them plenty of wa
ter, sour milk, green feed and a good
growing mash. Keep the brood In the
shade on sod and move often to fresh
Crop Rotation.
Start some system of crop rotation
on your farm this year. Growing the
same crop on the same field year aXter
year will wear out the soli.
Poults Hatched Later Than June Do
Not Develop for Thanksgiving
(Prepared by the United States Department
of Agriculture.)
Soon after muting turkey hens be
gin to look for nestir.g places and
usually commence laying in from a
week to 10 flays after I lie first mating.'
One mating is sufficient to fertiPze ail
tiie eggs of one litter, hut the hens
ordinarily mate three or four times be
fore beginning to lay. All turkey hens,
of course, do not begin Ir.ying at tiie
same time, and in a flock of about 15
It may be six weeks or wre from the
time the first hen begins to lay until
the last begins. Pullets usually com
mence laying a little earlier than
yearlings or older hens, say poultry
'specialists in the United States De
partment of Agriculture.
The average number of eggs In the
first litter is about 18, although In
individual hens It may vary from 12
to 30. Hens that do not have to be set
can be broken up on becoming broody
and made to lay a second or a third
litter. The number of eggs laid in the
second litter averages about 12, and in
the third about 10, although there Is
considerable variation in the egg pro
duction of different hens.
Some turkey hens can be made to
lay four or five litters, hut this is not
usually advisable, as poults hatched
later than June do not have a clianee
to develop for the Thanksgiving and
Christmas markets and are not suffi
ciently mature by the following spring
to be used as breeders. A hen tlmt be
gins laying In the middle of March will
usually finish laying her first litter
early in April, her second litter about
Bronze Turkey Hen.
the third week In May, depending up
on the number of eggs she lays and
the promptness with which she la
broken up on becoming broody.
Hens that are allowed to hatch and
raise a brood of poults after laying
their first litter often begin laying
again in the fail, but poults hatched
at that time are of little value except
for broilers, as they require too much
care and attention to carry them
through the winter. Fail-hatched pul
lets begin laying Inte the following
spring, but they are Immature at that
time and poults hatched from their
eggs do not develop Into large, strong
birds as do poults from mature stock.
Disagreeable Condition for Fowls Is
Caused by Moisture Coming
to Surface.
The floor In any poultry house of
fers many problems. A large percent
age of the moisture In a poultry house
comes about througli the floor. The
moisture rises to the surface of the
ground and evaporates. In many In
stances causing a disagreeable con
dition for the birds. Tiie best floor
In a poultry house Is built with first a
layer of gravel or cinders, in fact any
open material that has large air
spaces, then a layer of hollow block
tile, next a very thin layer of cement.
A good practical floor can be con
structed as follows: Six to eight
Inches crushed rock, then a layer of
tar paper and follow that with about
three inches of cement.
Disinfectants are cheaper than die*
Keep pure, fresh water always wltb
In reach.
Never feed your fowls musty grata
of any kind.
Fowls, In confinement, to do well,
need a variety of food.
Crowding induces disease and low*
en the vitality of fowls.

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