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ACTION FOLLOWED KAISER'S REFUSAL TO ANSWER THE ULTIMATUM. NO QUARREL WITH AUSTRIA Peace of the Far East Was Jeopardi zed By Germany, Says Mikado in Imperial Rescript. Western Newspaper Union News 5r*rTie*. Tokio.—The emperor of Japan Sun day declared war on Germany. This action was taken at the expiration of the time limit of Japan's ultimatum to Germany demanding the surrender of Kiau Chow. The proclamation of the emperor sent a thrill through the country. Japan's entrance upon the fulfillment of her obligations to h r ally. Great Britain, responds to the popular spirit from one end of the country to the other. Cheering crowds assembled before public buildings and there were lantern processions through the streets, The popular manifestations, however, do not approach the enthu siasm which preceded the war with Russia. Count von Rex, the German ambas sador, has been handed his passports. He probably will leave for America. Geo. VV. Guthrie, the American ambas sador, will represent Germany. The Diet has been convoked in special ses sion for September 3. It is reported here that Germany has been trying to transfer the German railroad in Shan Tung to America Tokio believes, however, that the Uni ted Stales, pursuing the policy of neu trality outlined by President Wilson, will not accept. President Wilson’s announcement of neutrality has great ly pleased the Japanese. The text of the imperial rescript is: "Isued at Tokio, August 33. ti p. m, "We, by the grace of heaven, em peror of Japan, seated on the throne uccupieu i y im* same uy nasty it tint time immemorial, de hereby make the following proclamation to all our loyal and brave subjects: “We hereby declare war against Germany, and we command our army and navy to carry on hostilities against that empire with their strength, and we also command all our competent au thorities to make every effort, in pur suance for their respective duties, to attain the national aim by all means within the limits of the law of na tions. “Since the outbreak of the present war in Europe, the calamitous effort of which we view with grave concern, we, on our part, have entertained hopes of preserving the peace of the Ear East by the maintenance of strict neutrality, but the action of Germany has compelled Great Britain, our ally, to open hostilities against that coun try, and Germany is at Kiao Chow, its leased territory in China, busy with warlike preparations, while its armed ■vessels cruising the seas of Eastern Asia are threatening our commerce and that of our ally. Peace of the Ear East is thus in jeopardy. “Accordingly, our government and that of his Brittanic majesty, af'er a full and frank communication with each other, agreed to take such meas ures as may be necessary for the pro tection of the general interests, con templated in the agreement of alliance and we, on our part, being desirous to attain that object by peaceful means, commanded our government to offer witli sincerity an advice to the impe rial German government. By the last day appointed for the purpose, how ever, our government failed to re ceive an answer accepting their ad vices. it is with profound regret that we, in spite of our urgent devotion to the cause of peace, thus are compelled to declare war. especially at this early period of our reign and while we still are in mourning for our lamented mother. “It is our earnest wish that by the loyalty and valor of otir faithful sub jects, peace may soon tie restored and the glory of the empire he enhanced.” The newspapers express surprise at the extent of American suspicions re garding Japan’s motives in issuing the ultimatum, but leading writers express a firm confidence that a better under standing may be had with the people of America. * ——————————— BATTLE OF THE GIANTS ON THE GERMAN BORDER T-ondon.— (Sunday) —After nearly three weeks of mobilization, the bat tle of giants lias begun. Roughly speaking, the Germans are trying to work around the allies' flank In Belgium, while the French are at GERMANY'S APPEAL TO ASSOCIATED PRESS __ CHANCELLOR SAYS NATION I! UNA3LE TO DEFEND ITSELF AGAINST CALUMNIES. Weslern Newspaper Union News Service. , New York.—The Associated Pres; has received the following messagi through the German embassy: “Berlin, Aug. 22.-—The Associate! Press, New York—Germany is com pletelv cut off from the rest of tin world and neither can send out newi nor receive it. The empire therefor! I is unable to defend itself against thi falsehoods propagated by the press o hostile countries. It only can defent I itself by its deeds. The German peo pie will be profoundly grateful fo’ every effort to disseminate the rea truth. (Signed i "Yon Bethmann-Hollweg. Im perial German Chancellor.” tempting to apply the same process to the Germans in Alsace. Almost all the encounters that havi gone before have been mere reconnais sauces. The defeat of a regimen here and there has been proclaimet i as general activity. Official announcements from bott sides have been extremely canilid si far. From the standpoint of the allies the important feature of Saturday's de velopments is the great battle whict began in the morning on the Namur Charleroi line. This is being fough on the position held by the allies. A great battle between the Germans and the allied forces began Saturday morning, according to official an nouncement in Antwerp. The batth line extends from Namur to Charleroi which lies about 20 miles to the west A d is pa'eh to the Reuter Telegrair Comi-any from Ghent says it is re ported that the Germans are marehinj toward France by the way of Ouden arde. a town 14 miles southwest ol Ghs nt. A dispatch to the Exchange Tele graph Company from Paris states that Minister of the Interor Melvy, upor leaving a council of ministers Satur day night said: “All I can tell you is that the battle | has begun. I know no more." An official dispatch to the Reutei ! Telegram Company from Antwerp timed 10:13 Saturday night, tends tc confirm reports that a great battle be gan Saturday morning between the French and the1 Germans. The dis , patch says: "It is believed a great battle com menced this morning between the French and German armies between Namur and Charleroi. It is thought that it will last two or three days. Precise details are1 lacking." A Central News dispatch from Am sterdam says a large detachment of German cavalry suffered virtual anni hilation In the suburbs of Malines, Bel gium, Friday afternoon. They were met suddenly by a squad of Belgians in motor cars armed with machine guns. Most of the Germans were kill ed. A handful surrendered and were made prisoners. A German official statement says that the troops under command of the crown prince of Bavaria fighting between Metz and Vosges took 10,000 prisoners and 30 guns. It adds that the French troops opposing the Ger cans comprised eight army corps. An official British s'atement ex plains calmly that nothing resembling a great battle has been fought as yet, and warns the people against optim ism. Reports from the Austrian-Servian boundary say the Servians have won a battle on the Prina, which military experts says is highly probable. Al though the Servians have a compara tively small army, it has passed through two years of actual war and has the advantage of veterans fight ing against amateurs. From the Russian boundary conflict ing reports come, both sides claiming successes. The Kngllsh papers are warning the people that the war is only beginning and that they mu?* be prepared for a long struggle, which will tax the re sources and manhood of the nation to the utmost limit. While appreciating all that the colo nft s have done, they expect colonies with the population of Canada and Australia to contribute much more in inen and money to the empire than they yet have done. How Austrian Battleship Sank. London. -Official news from Paris gives further detafls of the encounter in the Adriatic about a week ago, which resulted in the loss of the Aus trian battleship Zrlnyi, n vessel of over 10,000 tons and a crew of 837 men. The Zrinyi was struck by a shell from a French warship. This projectile exploded in her magazine and damaged her so badly that she foundered in a few minutes. Duke of Abruzzl Heads the Navy. London.—A dispatch to the Ex change Telegraph Company says that the Duke of the Abruzzl has been ap pointed commander in chief of thf Italian navy. Young Dreyfus Honored. Prals.—The son of Major Dreyfus ■who was exonerated on a charge ot treason in 190fi, has been promoted tc the rank of sergeant for heroic con duct on the field of battle at tht taking of Muelhausen. V / 2 Cheap Living in Paris. Paris.—Prince T/Otiis of Monaco, a retired captain of the African Light ' cavalry, having applied for reinstate ment in the army, lias been appointed to staff duty. Cheap living is anomaly of the pres ent situation in Paris. Meats sold at the lowest prices in 20 years and j at the central markets Saturday vege i tables were abundant and compara tively cheap. This in spile of the fact that some merchants have raised prices at the risk of prosecution. SERVIANS CLAIM i BLOODY VICTORY AUSTRIANS DEFEATED WITH GREAT LOSS—RUSSIAN FORCES ADVANCING. ! __ Western Newspaper Cnton Ni'ws Sorrtce. I London.—A dispatch to Reuter's . Telegram Company from St. Peters , burg, says: , "After a brilliant Servian victory at . Matschwa, the Austrians fled toward , the bridges of the Drina, pursued by > the Servians, who captured rich booty and a large number of prisoners, iu . eluding officers. . "They took 40 guns, mose of them howitzers, horses, ammunition and field, hospital and other military equipment.” According to Central News dispatch from Rome, many Austrians were ■ drowned in their flight over the Drina river. The Servian artillery annihilat . ed the survivors. The correspondent says that 25,000 Austrians were killed • or wounded in the battle and that 10, I 000 were taken prisoners. A dispatch from Nish, Servia, says the following announcement concern , ing the victory of the Servian troops over the Austrians was made there: “The Servian army has gained a great victory at Mount Pzer, and the River Zadar. The enemy retired along the whole front. Our troops pursued them vigorously. The enemy suffered enormous loss: the booty was great. “Yesterday the Servians continued pursuing the Austrians' left wing to ward the Drina and captured two more cannon. The Austrians' attacks on the ! Servians' left wing were repulsed, the | enemy retiring, pursued by a Servian j artillery nre. on uie northern iront j there is only a feeble bombardment of j i Belgrade. “The Servian artillery has destroyed three Austrian steamers and three barges near Stara.” A dispatch from Paris says the Ser j vian legation there has brough to the attention of the government a dispatch ■ addressed by the Servian foreign min '■ ister at Belgrade to the Spanish minis j ter to Roumania, in which it is de i dared that the commander in chief of ! the Austrian army ordered his troops to burn crops and villages and kill i j the peaceful inhabitants of Servia. In I the retreat of the Austrians toward j the Drina river they left behind them j many killed or disfigured, chiefly old ! men, women and children. The Servian foreign minister asked the Spanish minister to Inform Austria ; that Servia would be compelled to take measures of reprisal. In a dispatch from St. Petersburg, the correspondent of the Reuter Tele- I gram Company says the Russian gen- , eral advence. both on Austria ami Ger many. is progressing without interrup- 1 tion. A big cavalry division of the North- j ern armv was sent to meet the Ger | mans in Past Prussia. An entire Ger man entrenchment batterly was cap tured. Aviators were throwing bombs j 1 on the German entrenchments and I military buildings. 1 A dispatch received here from Ant werp says the Russian minister lias : lx'en advised officially that in an on i counter in Prussia the Russians took | many German prisoners and captured | an entire battery of guns. According to the same information, ; feated with heavy losses. Six officers j and 1,250 men were taken prisoners. A dispatch to the Exchange Tele 1 graph Company from St. Petersburg j says: i “It is officially announced that the Russian army now is advancing along 1 the entire Austro-German frontier and j successfully maintaining the offensive i at every point of contact.” Women Do the Harvesting. Paris.— Rural Franco is making a valiant struggle to harvest its crops. Only old or crippled men and women, youths and children are working in the fields. The richly cultivated coun try sides are almost deserted. The | men have gone, the horses have disap j pcarcd, part of the cattle have been ! driven off. and the inns are closed. At i Etretat on the Norman coast, out of a population of 1.900, only 34 men are left. Americans ha\e many villas there, and are working in the fields, j Nelson's Words an Inspiration. London —ivord Nelson’s words, writ j ten in his diary before the battle of j Trafalgar, were read to the men as- ! sembled on every British battleship. They are: “May 'he great God whom I wor ship grant to my country and for the benefit of Europe, in general, a great and glorious victory: and may no mis conduct in any one tarnish it. and may humanity after the victory be a pre dominan'. feature In the British fleet.” Fatal Mines in North Sea. London.—1The official newrs bureau annouces that the Maryland from Co penhagen and the Danish steamer Broberg struck mines in the North sea and foundered. They were on the main trade route 357 miles from shore. 1 The Maryland struck a mine Friday night. The crew of the Broberg see ing the accident, proceeded to the rescue In launches, but failed to save the crew. On resuming the search the Broberg also struck a mine and foundered, but her crew was rescued. Ill NOW WHEN THE CRISIS AROSE GERMAN KAISER SOJOURNING THERE PEACEFULLY, NOT EXPECTING WAR. WMtrrn New paper I'ninn News Serelew. •^husuania.—vv lie the r uie Kaiser is most to blame for the world-wide war or not, it is a tact that ho was so journing peacefully in a Norwegian tjord-when ihe crisis arose. Tho siory of how he received th" news that great events were impend ing was told here by one of the piic.s who was aboard the Hoheu/oliern, the j Prussian royal yacht, at the time. The yacht was at Dalholm, one one j of the most picturesque of the ions, | deep arms of the sea pentrating the j coast, Saturday, July 24. Tlie day before, i ne kaiser had been ! fishing for trout and had been very 1 successful. He had ordered the trout cooked as part of a banquet which In J was giving to 200 persons, mostly Nor j wegian friends. It was arranged that the yacht and the squadron of 40 war vessels which had been maneuvering in ihe vicinity should leave Sunday morning, July 25, at sunrise. The kaiser shook hands with tho pilots as they came aboard about noon Saturday. He was in excellent spirits and said: “We who pretend to know our way about the seas would really be helpless without you.” At this moment an officer approach od. He had a wireless message in his hand, which lie presented to his sovereign with a deep obeisance. The kaiser scanned the contents ! and instantly his face became very I grave. He turned o a high naval of- | ficer and handed tho message to him. j The officer read and then appeared as 1 if struck dumb. The kaiser took the message from i the officer, wrote a reply on the back, j and handed the slip to the messenger. laying loudly to the officer: "Every- ] thing is moving." The kaiser hastened to his saloon | and his suite followed. Banquet was forgotten. Orders were given for leaving instantly. The kaiser began a series of conferences with his of ficers." What lie meant by "Everything is moving," is a matter of conjecture. He may have simply expressed sur prise at the rate with which an un expected situation was confronting hun. On© ilie other hand, his words may be taken to equal: "Everything is going along as arranged." WAR WILL COST 70 BILLIONS Estimate M r By Nikola Tesla of the Terrible Conflict. W>*tf»rn NV«*4pn|>or 1'nlon Sewn 9*>ri\e+. Xew York. Taking issue with other statisticians more moderate in their estimates, Nikola Tesla, the famous inventor of electrical contrivances, my8 the total cost of the general war now going on probably will not he les than $70,000,000,000. "The present war may easily in lolve 20,000,000 combatan's," said Mr, 1'esla. "I have seen an estimate of a total cost of $50,000,000 n day. This s too low. The number of those dis ibled through wounds and disease was | recently placed at 500,000. This, also, is too moderate. It would be less than wo and one half per cent and it must 3B remembered that in the most re rent great war preceding this, the Balkan struggle, the casualties were ten times greater, or 25 per cent. "Observe that it is reported Belgium ost $;100,000,000 in two weeks’ fight ng while there were no large cities in :he path of the Germans. "The difficulty with most statisti ■ians of war losses is that they simply 'onsider the cost of military opera tions. This is a small fraction of the ivar waste." Cannot Meet War Levy. Tjondon. The German demand for nai-mmiv irom mussels and LJege | MO.000,000 for the first city and $10,- j >00.000 from the second, is regarded lore ns one of the hardest calamities differed by the Belgians as a result >f the invasion. There is no fraction >f the amount in either town, and it is 'eared that the Germans will either lenmlish valuable historic and public aiiildings or seize art treasures ft the •onditions of the threatened cities are lot able to raise the $r«0.000,000. Making Bread of Potatoes. I-ondon - The Rotterdam eorres undent of the Daily Telegraph says realise of a shortage of flour, Ilotter lam bakers are making bread com •osed of equal parts of flour and pota oes. 3'he mixture is palatable. Bullets Make Slight Wounds. Paris. Numbers of French wound -d tire being cared for in Paris hospi als. It is frequently remarked among he men that their bullet wounds were lot painful. In a large number of uses, men who have been bit were lot aware of the fact until after the •ngagement was over. One man de dares that he did not know lie was lurt until the following morning. Then te discovered that a ball had gone hrough his arm. The only outward ndlcatlons were two dark spots. ENGLAND’S WARRIORS OF THE AIR I This armed sky-cruiser is the best equipped of England's fighters of the nlr. The pilot is above and the gunner below, with his gun so mounted that it can be pointed in any direction. ITALY HAS NOT PREMIER SALANDRA REITERATES ITS POLICY OF ABSOLUTE NEUTRALITY. We*torn Ncwnpitper l*n4on News S«*rv!«*# Ixmdon.— (Sunday) —Although I ft was reported that Italy had decided to mobilize its army and to intervene In the European war. a dispatch from Rome just received says that Premier Salandra declared that Italy is firmly resolved to adhere to its |>olicy of neu trality. lie denied that the army was to he mobilized. The dispatch said a deputation of Socialists called on Premier Salandra and urged him to convoke parliament In order t > strengthen the government in its stand of neutrality. The deputa tion told the premier that reports were being circulated that mobilization was imminent. The premier declared that Italy would continue to remain neutral. A dispatch to the Evening News from Rome says Theophile Delc&sse, former foreign minister of France, and Fount Witte, ex-premier of Russia, are in Rome. It is believed they have gone ihere to urge the Italian government to remain neutral. It Is said that Count Witte conferred with the Italian for &ign minister, Marques L)i San Guli ano. A dispatch from Paris said: "A general mobilization in Italy has been decided upon and will he pro ■laimed in three or four days, accord ing to a message which the Rome cor respondent of the Eclair succeeded in smuggling through to this paper. “The correspondent asserts that King Victor Emmanuel until recently Pelt obliged to renounce all idea of Italian intervention in the conflict, but’was won over by the arguments of lis ministers. Minister of Foreign Af fairs Marquis Antonio di Songuiliano, alone of the cabinet, held to a con rary opinion.” “God I# With the Germans.” Ixmdon.—My wireless it is reported that the kaiser has telegraphed to his daughter. Princess Victoria Louise, ihe Duchess of Brunswick: “God, our Ixird, has showered His blessing upon our bravo troops and made them victorious. Ix»t all at home after their gratitude to Him on bend pel knees and pray that He may remain with us and with the entire nntlon In the future." THEY SAY THAT “TIME FOR WAR WITH GLOVES ON HAS PASSED." W>«f.-rn Now ipaprr minn Now* S.ttIi-o Ixjndon.—A dispatch to the Reuter Telegram Company from Paris quote* ; un official statement: “Owing to strategical considerations it has been impossible to co-operate earlier with the Belgian army in the defense of their country, hut the en gagements which we have undertaken are only the more solemn and our co operation will he still closer and will he pursued with extreme energy. ' In contrast with the considerate treatment accorded German prison ers, it has been established that the . ! enemy considered as nonexistent both international conventions and the most ancient traditions of right and military order. We are suffering a veritable in ' VRBlon of barbarians. We w ish, in deed, to remain civilized, and will do so till the end. despite this return to savagery on the part of a nation which lias pretended to be an arbiter of civilization. But it Is impossible to I preserve toward our present adversa ries the chivalrous generosity which until now has been the rule between soldiers. I ime for w ar with gloves on has passed. The enemies wTh whom wo exchanged at Fontenoy courteous words before opening fire have becomo today our faithful and useful allies. « We have before us unbridled savages. We owe to them only the strict obser vance of the rules of humanity and the laws of war. J The minister of war has issued strict instructions that German pris oners. officers as well as soldiers, are not to be treated with the considera tion and favor which should be re served for our own men. Life is as sured, naturally, but that Is all we owe them.” German Press Is Indignant. London.—A dispatch to the Ex change Telegraph from Rome says that, according to messages from Bar Un, the German press Is indignant at (•real Britain's acceptance of Japan's support The leading papers declare that Germany will retaliate by stirring up an Islamttlc revolution In India, Egypt, Tunis, Algeria and Ihe Sudan, which will quickly bring England aud France to terms. Situation In Switzerland. Washington. At the Swiss legation here the following statement was mailt public: "The Swiss Federal ^Council mobilized from the beginning tht whole military force of Switzerland he Klite. the I.andwehr and part ol he lAndstrum, numbering about 300. )00 men. The mobilization is merel) i precautionary military measure. The ■iftctent training of the army and care 'ul war preparations enable Switzer and to maintain its neutrality." Belgian General Captured. London.—Official sources confirm the reports that the Austrians lost 20.000 men In the three days- fighting on the River Drina and that General Leman, the Belgian commander of the forts at Liege, is a prisoner of the M Germans and Is en route for Cologne. 1 General Leman, aged 62, was until " recently the head of the Belgian mill tJ tarv school and Is considered an au j thorlty on military engineering. Ho . is known as a determined and re I courseful commander.