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The Spectator. (Ozark, Ark.) 1911-1916, October 30, 1914, Image 2

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Union of South Africa Is Now
Facing a More Serious
Great Majority of Citizens Are Said
to Be Loyal and Detest the Idea
of Rebellion.
* London.—An official Pretoria *
* dispatch announces that Uen. *
* Louis Botha, premier ot the Union *
* of South Africa, has left for the *
* front. *
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
London. — Another rebellion has
broken out in South Africa. Gener
al Christian DeWet and General Chris
tian Frederick Beyers have taken the
lead of the rebels in the Orange Free
States and Western Transvaal.
Having put down the rebellion In
the northern province of Cape Colony
led by Lieutenant Colonel Maritz, the
government of the Union of South
Africa is now faced by this more se
rious uprising.
According to an official report, arm
ed rebellious commandoes are in ex
istence; the town of Heilbron, in the
northern part of the Orange River
Colony, has been seized and the gov
ernment officials have been taken
prisoners, while a train has been
stopped and armed citizens of the de
fense force have been disarmed.
People Urged to Loyalty.
The Union government has issued
a proclamation explaining that, al
though it was aware of these rebel
lious preparations, it had been taking
steps to preserve peace without blood
"Now,” continues the proclamation,
“the duty of the government is clear.
It is determined to deal in the mat
ter with a firm nand and is taking
all necessary steps. The very great
majority of citizens in every province
of the Union are thoroughly loyal and
detest the idea of rebellion.”
The citizens are called upon to give
the government information and as
sistance, and those who have been
guilty of disobedience under the de
fense act are advised that no action
will be taken against them if they re
main quietly at home.
Gen. DeWet Is An Old Cavalry Chief.
General DeWet is the cavalry lead
er who gave the British so much
trouble in the South African war. It
was announced that he had offered
Ms services to Kngland.
Neither General DeWet nor General
Beyers has any political significance,
but it is feared that some of the
burghers, who, like themselves, retain
some of the bitterness aroused by ,oe
South African war, will join them.
The defense force, as the army of
the Union of South Africa is called,
is considered safe for the government,
for when General Beyers gave up his
command after that force on the out
break of the war. none of the officers
or the men of the army followed him.
Besides General Botha, the premier,
retains his support of the great mass
uf the people.
Were Formerly Boer Leaders.
General DeVVet In the late south
African war was commander in chief
of the Orange Free State forces. He
was commandant at Ladysmith, and
was sent to relieve General Cronje a«
second in command. After General
Cronje’s surrender he received full
command. He was one of the signa
tories of the Vereeniging peace con
Terence and was appointed minister
of agriculture in 1907.
General DeWet was opposed to the
government's action in regard to the
present war and early in October at
tempted to speak at a meeting held
In protest of this action, but was pre
vented by a demonstration of sympa
thisers of Gen. uouis Botha, tne
Brigadier General Beyers was alsn
a noted figure in the South Africar
L.__.____ _ __
British General Dies Suddenly.
London.—Lieutenant General Si'
William Kdmund Krunklyn. who com
manded the Third division of Kitoh
oner's new army, died suddenly Tues
day night. Lieutenant General Frank
Ivn, prior to assuming the command
in Kitchener's army, was military sec
rotary to the secretary for war, which
post he had held since 1911. He war
born in 1X56, and served with distinc
tlon in India and other countries, ru
was director of the Adjutant Gen
, jpral’8 .Department in 1904-190*-’
S 4
This 1b one of the little children ol
Belgium orphaned by the war Hot
father dead, her home in Louvain
| burned and her mother and Bister*
| scattered, all that remains to her i*
her hairless, battered doll. It is foi
the half million children of Europe in
much the same plight that plans arc
being carried forward in America tc
send Christmas ships loaded with
war and was chairman of the Ver
eeniging peace- conference. Last Sep
tember he resigned as commandant
general of the Union defense iorce
because of hts disapproval of the ac
tion of Great Britain in sending coin
mandoes to conquer German South
w est Africa.
London. The battle for the ptralts
of Dover, one of the most bloody oi
the war. is continuing with unabated
fury, but thus far without either side
gaining any decided advantage.
The British official Dress Bureau Is
sued the following statement Monday
"The situation continues to be satis
factory. The fighting is severe and
continuous, but ground is being gain
ed and many prisoners have been
vsut uui niuiih uaa t a^uw ' u
two guns.”
The official communication issued
by the French War Office in Paris,
“In Belgium, Nie.iport has been vio
lently bombarded and the effort of the
Germans has continued on the front
between Nleuport and Dixmunde with
out, according to the latest advices,
any result whatever having been
“All the front comprised between
Labassee and the Somme has been
equally the object of violent attacks
at night, all of which have been re
“On the remainder of the front
there is nothing to report."
The Germans, who at a terrible cost
in life, succeeded Saturday in cross
ing the Yser canal between Nieuport
and Dixmunde. have not been able to
make further progress, as the allies,
according to a report of the German
general headquarters, issued Monday
morning, are obstinately defending
their positions.
It is the same further south, around
Armentieres, Lille, Labassee and Ar
ras. The opposing armies are deliver
ing fierce attacks, gaining or losing
a few miles or less of ground with
sacrifices in life that are appalling
The whole countryside fairly is reek
ing with the blood of thousands o'
killed or wounded.
ln the towns and villages witv
which the country is dotted and tnosi
of which have been laid in ruins b}
the artillery, most desperate tighttnf
has occurred when the cavalry ant
infantry came into contact. Both side;
speak of the heavy losses they hav<
I imposed on their adversaries, but sa;
nothing of their own dead or wound
ed, to fill the places of whom rein
forcements are being brought forward
The British fleet, which bombards'
the German flank as they advance'
i along the coast, seems to have with
j drawn Sunday afternoon. The Ger
mans say this is because their arti!
lery was beginning to reach the ships
The belief is expressed here, however
that the fleet will be able to rende
untenable German occupation of an:
part of the Belgian or French coasts
The opinion also is expressed her
that the operations of the allied ves
sels in the North sea, of the Belgiai
coast and in the vicinity of the Strait
of Dover, may cause the German Uee
to come out and give battle.
Few Prisoners on the Vistula
London.—From all accounts th
Germans for some time were unde
the delusion that they would be wel
corned In Warsaw, and therefore star!
ed to dropping bombs from aeroplane
comparatively late in the fighting
Relatively few prisoners have beet
i taken in lighting along the Vistula
This is explained by the mutual hatre'
of contestants and their determina
tion to come to mortal clutches. Th
Germans were strongly entrenched it
the forests.
By Lord Charles Beresford.
* _ *
* Tyie serious time of the war *
* will begin when the Germans are *
* forced over the frontier and are *
■ in their own country and with *
* their own base of supplies.
Nobody knows what will hap- *
pen in the next great naval hat- *
' tie in which modern instruments *
'• ot warfare are used The element *
* of luck will come into play, but *
‘ luck or no luck, Germany, lie de- *
" dared must be humbled and liu- *
* initiated. She must lose the *
* whole of her fleet, give up the *
* Kiel canal and her colonies; her *
" torts ;nii: be demolished and the *
* Krupp works rased to the ground *
<***«****&***«***** 4
\V»'Mt*rn .WwsttMppr f'ni -m Ndvt S<*rvlr*‘.
London. Very serious battles are
proceeding in southern Roland and in
Galicia, without decisive result. The
Russians, however, have crossed tlie
I Vistula north of ivangorod with a
| fresh army corps, which should have
; :> marked effect on the fortunes of the
J battle.
The Russian bombardment of 1’rze
j mysl, in Galicia, says a dispatch from
. I’etrograd. continues during the night,
aided by strong searchlights. Desert
ers from tlie fortress, the dispatch
adds, say that many of its defenders
are succumbing to epidemics and that
the medicines and provisions virtual
ly are exhausted. All the men of the
garrison are obliged to work contin
ually on the fortifications which the
Russians are said to he fast destroy
It is semi-ofticially reported at Pe
trograd. according to u Central News
dispatch, that the number of Austrian
wounded who passed through Vienna
alone which was officially estimated
at 136,000, up to September 13, now
amounts to at least 300.000.
London.—A great battle again is
raging in Russian Poland, according
to an official announcement In Petro
grad Monday night. The Russians
claim minor successes, but nothing
like a decisive result yet lias been
reached in tne new battle.
German official reports declare that
their offensive on Augustowo. Rus
sian Poland, is nrogressing, and re
iterate that the battle near Ivangorod
although favorable to the Germans,
remains undecided.
The Russians declare that the Aus
trian offensive in Galicia and in the
Carpathians has been broken down,
and that their armies are making vi
gorous progress in the regions south
ol Kambor and Mtaromiasto.

Merlin, by Wireless to Sayville, I- I.
The twelfth week of the war was
signalized, according to official ac
counts, by tiie iinal checking of the
enveloping campaign, which the al
lies in tiie west lor a month have di
rooted against tiie German right flank
The Germans, it is declared, have be
! gun slowly, but definitely to push
i southward.
Dispatches from the Austrian army
i headquarters report that a battle con
tinues before Przenivsl, where the line
has now assumed the shape of a cres
cent with the Austrians attacking the
north and south portions. October 34
5,300 Russian prisoners passed the
Austrian headquarters, while 15,000
additional prisoners from Przems.vl
and Jaroslau are reported en route.
The use of tne anti-cholera serum
in the Austrian army lias proved of
fectlve. Army surgeons no longer fear
an epidemic.
1 lie total number or prisoners of
war confined in the camps in Germany
October 21, is announced to be 5,40!
officers and 291.40S men, including six
French, lli Russians and three Belgian
generals. More prisoners are said tc
be on the way from the front.
The following German comment or
the French official statement has beer
given to the press:
l "The tone of the French official wat
I bulletin of last evening was rathei
depressed and caused a panic in Paris
It admits a retreat between the set
and (’anal la Bassee and mentions
the impetuosity of the German at
tacks near Arras and the Somme.
"The night bulletin aggravates th*
pessimistic impression. It repeat1
that there has been French defeat;
on the north wing In order to at
tenuate the impression, an official not;
i was issued two hours later sayinc
! that the battle front had shifted 20(
t kilometers northward and therefore
patience always was needed.”
Germans Resent Reports.
> Hondon.—An official telegram fron
r Berlin denounces as “entirely fictt
tious” the statements which it as
- serts have been repeated constantly
i in the Knglish press that Kmperoi
William at Aix-la-(’hapelle on Octobei
i 19 issued an order in which he char
acterized the British expeditionary
1 force as “the contemptible Britisl
army.” The Telegram declares thni
■ the emperor has not been at Aix-la
i | (’hapelle since the beginning of th*
J war and never issued such an order
. . , X ~
Tbe Austrian army, as well as the German, is supplied with enormous siege guns, some of which were used
In the siege of Antwerp. One of these heavy howitzers, with a group of Austrian officers, is here shown.
* London. — The German raid on •
* the channel ports, as it. is called *
* here, seems to have been checked *
* for the time, or at any rate, the *
* Germans have made little if any •
* progress since they succeeded in *
* crossing the Yser canal Saturday. *
* They are, however, still pushing *
* with all tlie forces at their com- *
* tnand and are meeting with most *
* stubborn resistance from French. *
* British and Belgian troops. *
«•••**** 4***»»**«*«
\V»*Atern N>TVWp?ipp>r T’nf >n IS**\xs Service
London. -Another descriptive reci
tal of events in the north of France
from an eye witness attached to the
British General Headquarters, dated
i October 17, was issued,Sunday by the
official information bureau. l,t speaks
of the fitness of the troops, and de
i dares that “the fact that we are
steadily advancing and that the en
emy is giving way has proved an in
spiring change.”
Continuing, the report says:
“This is not the only advantage we
possess, for we still hear from prison
. era that their advance troops are
short of food and exhausted from con
tinual outpost work. We can afford
to give our troops more rest, and
| there is no lack of food. Many of
the men opposed to us have had only
two months’ service, and prisoners
declare that they will no? expose
themselves in the trenches.
"Nevertheless, the enemy in front
ol us is fighting well and skillfully,
and showing endurance. They gen
erally contrive to remove tlioir
, wounded and often to bury their kill
ed before they retire. Their escape
often is facilitated by numerous deep
i ditches.
"Many German cavalry patrols are
wearing Belgian uniforms, a practice
. not excusable on the ground of any
lack of their own.
“An incident on October 13 shows
the resource and bravery of some
j of our enemy's scouts. A detachment
of German artillery was retiring, oc
casionally coming into action. A
British officer had been standing for
j some minutes under a tree, when he
noticed a tine wire hanging down
I close to the trunk. Looking up, he
I saw one of the enemy in the tree,
i Him he shot and killed.
"As the campaign goes on the ten
dency of the Germans to rely on
masses of men has become less mark
ed. There are indications, however,
that the supply of war material is not
inexhaustible, and the significant cir
dar of the Prussian minister of war
enjoining u careful search of battle
fields for equipment, and even the col
lection of empty cartridge cases has
been quoted In a previous letter.
"This circular seems to have been
prompted more by nei•. ssity than by
habits of economy, for in recent fight
ing both gun and rifle ammunition of
old patterns have been found in
trenches evacuated by the enemy, on
their dead and on prisoners.”
Germans Rush Reinforcements.
Paris.—The Germans, in a mighty
effort to gain a victory along the North
sea coast, continue rushing up all
the reinforcements tnat can be spared.
Mr*. Marye, wife of the American
ambassador to Russia, is still waiting
in Washington for a chance to joir
her husband In Petrograd.
Flashes From the Moving
Picture Drama of War
('apt. John Jacob Astor, son of Wil
liam Waldorf Astor, the ex patriated
American, is among the wounded offi
cers in tlie Knglish army.
German troops have invaded the1
| Portuguese colony of Angola, West ■
Petrograd reports that the Germans
retreated from Warsaw at night, cov
ering ISO miles in the lirst march.
A general engagement has been tie
gun all along the Prussian frontier.
Stubborn fighting is in progress on
the Yser canal, near Ypres and Lille.
Former King Manuel of Portugal
has tendered his services to the re
public should it take sides with the
German casualties, in killed and
wounded, are officially said tn averaci
10,000 daily.
It has cost Switzerland $10,000,000
for an army of 30,000 and to maintain
• Grecian troops have begun an in
vasion of Albania, and the govern
ment antiounces its intention of re-oc
cupying tlie Epirus.
, A total of $800,000,000 lias been
paid in on the German war loan, al
though the loan itself was for only
Keports from Constantinople de
clare there have been sanguinary en
counters between tlie British garrison
and Indian troops at Alexandria.
The American lted Cross Mondav
transmuted $65,000 to its European
j Berlin claims that its big guns have
i driven tlie Britisli fleet to sea off tlie
| Belgian coast.
Avlona. Albania, lias been occuDied
; by Italian troops purely for relief
I and sanitary purposes.
Berlin reports that Verdun is doom
ed to fall before the German siege
guns, as nothing can withstand them.
It is reported from Madrid that
France has 400,000 wounded and sick
j soldiers
The Canadian government is pre
paring to send to England a second
contingent of 15,000 troops.
The farmers of Essex, England, are
digging trenches and making other
i preparations to resist a Germanic in
\V>nt**rn NtMvsriinor t'nlcn NVnr* Service.
London.—From official reports Is
sued from German nnd French head
quarters it appears that the Germans,
finding it impossible to advance along
the coast toward Dunkirk owing to
the lire from the British and French
warships, took a route a little more
inland and have succeeded in cross
ing the Yser canal, which the Bel
gians have been defending stubborn
ly for a week past, to the west of Dix
They also have made progress to
the northeast of Ypres and still are
in possession of Koulera, toward
which the alltes were advancing last
week and which at one time was re
ported to have been captured.
To add to the trials of the troops
engaged In the desperate lighting, an
other downpour of rain will convert
the lowlands of Flanders into grea*
Of the battle on the center and left
wing tho German *eport does not
speak, but the French declare they
are maintaining their positions in the
Argonne and on the heights of the
Meuse nnd have destroyed tlire more
German batteries, line of which wav
of heavy calibre. From unofficial
sources it is learned that the French
have made some advances In the
mountains along the Alsace border.
“All the allies must take thctr hats
off to the Belgian army, which for
several days has been holding In check
two entire German army corps near
Dtxmude. frustrating the German de
signs on the strip of territory between
Dunkirk and Calais. ’ says a dispatch
in ilm Times from one of its corres
pondents in northern France.
“It is now permitted to explain
how the Belgian army was able to
take up a position on the Yser canal,
after making a successful retreat
from Antwerp in face of the elaborate
plans of the Germans. The Belgian
army escaped by a magnificent feat
of arms. It sent, a force of a few
thousand men to the neighborhood of
Mullein (in Fast Flanders, 12 miles
southwest of Ghentl with orders to
hold hack the pursuing enemy at all
costs for a sutliclent period to cover
the retreat of the main army, which
huggeu die Dutch frontier on its Sea
ward march. The battle of Mullem
eventually resulted In the veritable an
nihilation of the galtunt little body of
Belgians, hut it meant the salvation
of the Belgian army and their allies."
The Montenegrins Sunday admitted
that they had to withdraw to their pre
vious positions along the Bosnian
frontier after an attack by a superior
force of Austrians. The latter seem
and to have made a wonderful recov
ery and to be fighting a manner of
which their first performances in the
war hardly gave promise.
French Make Vigorous Attack.
Berlin, via Home.—An extraordi
narily vigorous French attack Is being
made from Toul along the line from
I’ont-a Mousson to Glronvllle against
the German army operating against
the line of fortresses extending from
Verdun to Toul. '
Col. Marius' rebel forces In South
Africa have been completely routed.
Ozark Horses For France.
Springfield. Mo.-—Ten curloads of
Ozark horses, purchased for cavalry
service in the French army, were
shipped from here Monday to Mem
phis, where they will be reconsigned
to New Orleans for transatlantic
The French government has placed
a contract with a Fort Worth firm to
purchase 10,000 head of horses for
military purposes. Three thousand
are in ttie Fort Worth yards ready
for shipment.
They Are Adding Greatly to the Lis^
of the German Casualties.
Paris The French aviators contin
tie to Rive proof of courage, ai th«
name time adding conslCcranfy to t:u
list of German dead. One bond
thrown during the assembly of ratal
ry killed 30 of the enemy, in anoth
i r case two bombs killed eight and In
jured 22. Similar incidents are ai
most a daily occurrence, and in on<
case the staff of a German division
was so annoyed by aerial flights of
the enemy that it was compelled to
change headquarter*.
The Germans, in opposing these at
tacks, have installed, on automobiles
or simply on two wheels, a special
cannon, from which they fire vertical
ly at aeroplane s. In each locality
which the Germans occupy a squad
i watches the horizon. At the appear
mice of the French machine hells are
Bounded, which signal the people tq i
go to their bouses, so ns to give th«
'locality an uninhabited aoDcarance
V —

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