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FOUR INSTITUTIONS UNIQUE IN HISTORY OF PROGRESSIVE EDUCATORS. TRAINING FUTURE FARMERS _ Something of the Work That Is Being Accomplished at Jonesboro With 300 Students Enrolled. Arkansas has four schools that are unique. No other state, north or south, has four such institutions like them. They are the four agricultural schools, located in the central part of the four sections of the state. These schools were established four years ago through the efforts of the farmers of the state. Their chief aim is to train the farmer boys and girls to go back to the farms and be suc cessful farmers and home makers They are schools of the farmers, by the farmers and for the farmers. Each one of them is controlled by a local board of five farmers—men who be lieve in work, rather than theory, and who know that the future of this state depends upon the energy and ability of the boys and girls who will spend their lives on the farms. These schools are called by the farmers "The backbone of the State.” THE JONESBORO SCHOOL. The School of Jonesboro, like each of the other three, had last year about 300 pupils, two-thirds of them being boys. Each pupil paid about $100 for board in the nine months, and the state paid about ?90 for each one in tuition, room rent, heat, light and other incidentals. Some of the boys work their way through. Every sum and the boys have vaccinated thou sands of hogs. Whenever they vac cinate they always show the owner of the hogs the best way to do it, and they get him to assist in the work, so that after that he can vaccinate his own hogs just as well as a veteri narian. Tile live stock bought at Jonesboro has paid for itself. Every year there is a hog sale of three principal breeds, Duroc Jerseys, Poland Chinas and Berkshires. The farmers from all over this district come to these sales and they put their own price on the hogs that are bought. Some of the stock brings fine prices for it is the best blood and is inoculated against cholera. The Jonesboro hogs have been prize winners at the Berkshire Congress at Des Moines and the state fairs in Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, Ar kansas and. wonder of wonders, Iowa. Stock judging teams of five Jonesboro boys each, have represented the state of Arkansas at the National Feeders and Breeders Show at Fort Worth, Texas, which is the largest Southern stock show, The American Hoyal Fat Stock Show of Kansas and in the International Livestock Show at Chicago, which is the largest of its kind in the world. In these great shows, the Jonesboro boys have de feated teams from the Colleges of Agriculture of Texas, Oklahoma, Kan sas, Nebraska, Missouri, Nevada, Ida ho and Pennsylvania. The Soil Work at Jonesboro is un der W. A. Cope and the boys have made the ground around Jonesboro produce a good deal of feed for the stock. They put up the first silo iu the northeastern part of the state. They made it out of cypress and got the lumber from the surrounding woods. It was an 120 ton silo and cost only $114, counting labor and ma terial. They are now about SO siles in Craighead county. For many of these the boys are furnished plans, and a good many of them they have helped to build. They have plans for concrete, stave and modified Wiscon sin silos of various sizes from 50 to 250 tons, while the girls are canning vegetables for the students, the boys mer a number of the Jonesboro boys went to the best stock farms in the North and East. They not onlv make money to help pay their board the coming session, but they get pratical experience with live stock under va ried conditions. One boy from Craighead county went to Jonesboro two years, then he bought 180 acres in the St. Francis Bottoms and is now paying for the land with the corn, oats, alfalfa and other forage and grain crops. An other Jonesboro boy has rented 1,200 acres in Crittenden county and he is sub-letting part of this tract for shares on the land he is cultivating. He ts making good money despite two over flows. By working at the school and on farms during the summer, a third Jonesboro boy helped to support his mother and two sisters. He made nis money in the summer by running ot crude oil engines in the rice belt. He learned how to run these engines at the Jonesboro School.. V. C. Kays—a young farmer who knows and does—is principal of the Jonesboro school. Associated with him are other men and women from the farms. These, with the boys and girls. arp doing remarkable things at Jonesboro. J. M. Ridgell, the fruit man, took the old orchard on the grounds that hadn't borne In six or eight years. Mr. Ridgell and the boys wormed, pruned and sprayed the trees this past year. Aside from the fruit used In the school from this orchard, the girls canned 500 gallons of peaches In the new orchard the boys raised between 600 and 700 bushels of sweet potatoes between the rows After the boys had raised them, the girls canned about 2,000 gallons and they packed away nearly 200 bushels for seed next spring, and while they were canning the potatoes, tne girls "\ put in a few days of extra work and canned 650 gallons of* beans and a good many gallons of tomatoes. In the new orchard the boys have about 20 acres of apple, peach, pear, apricot, fig, cherry and plum trees. When this orchard comes Into full bearing, 1' will be one of the finest and most pro ductlve In the state. It did not cosl very much money, but it is going tc make a whole lot of money in the next five or six years. If anybody if looking for a young man to run an or chard and make a profit, he is might) apt to find them at the Joneeborc School. Jonesboro Is mighty proud o tta stock department under George R Bly and M. D. Helser. When th< gchcol was started about four year: •go, they began an active fight oi < fcog cholera In the northeastern par 9t tha state. Mr. Bly Mr. Hals* are "canning” forage crops for the1 live stock of ensilage is nothing more or less than canned goods for stock. At Jonesboro, as at the other three agricultural schools, it is work that wins. The boys and girls are there to work, to make themselves more effi cient. and to become brainy and pros perous farmers and home keepers. Be- ! fore they leave school they discover ! what remarkable things they, them selves, can do with the land, silos, livestock and home-making, and they know that farming and the care of! the home is the best of all profes sions—and about the best paying, I when it is done right. The Jones boro girls are adepts at preparing food for cooking, and many of them can match any “negro mammy” when it comes to cooking it. There is a sp cial course in invalid cooking, for j every woman, sometime In her life, I has to do a good deal of cooking for some invalid—a husband with a bad cold, if nothing more. In this course they learn the comparative nourish ing values of different foods. Thov do nil kinds of sewing, from the making nf dimnlp ctifphoa un tn t »>■» n suits and millinery. In these days, a woman who can make her own tailor made suit is the envy of all women In the heavier lines, they do a great deal of laundry work and considerable mending. The man who marries one of the Jonesboro girls need never Tear of holes in his socks or buttons off his coat. Hut this isn't all, thesf girls learn how to make a home attrac tlve as well as comfortable. They know how to select carpets, wall pa per and paints and how to stencil ; window curtains, draperies and tahk | covers, they also study home archltec ' ture—a very useful and much neg lected subject. Each girl has to plan a house complete, and blue-print the plans. These plans include ventilat ing, heating, plumbing, etc. Then the future housewife has to write out the specifications for this home and to flg ure the lumber and masonry bill. These are just some of the activitier of the Jonesboro students. They ar* farmer boys and girls who in future years are going to make Arkansas a great farming state and fill it with attractive, well-ordered and happy homes. Hot or flat water does not All chick | ens with enthusiasm to lay eggs. Fill ' the fountains two or three times a day. Draw the line on the cow tha< makes you board her for her com pany. Put a good one in her plac« ■ i right oS. ENEMY BOMBARDS FIRST ATTACK IN MORE THAN A CENTURY MADE UPON BRIT AIN’S COAST. BRITISH CASUALTIES ARE 250 » Attacking Fleet, Opposed by Few Weak Vessels, Escapes Unharm ed to Home Waters. SVestoru Newspaper I’uiou News f*"rvie*. London.—For the first time In more than a century England has been struck by a foreign foe. A squadron of swift German cruisers crept through the fog Tuesday night to the eastern coast and turned their guns against the Hritons. When day broke they began the bombardment of three important towns—Hartlepool, at the mouth of the Tees; Whitby, 35 miles southward, and Scarborough, noted as a pleasure resort, 15 miles beyond. Hartlepool suffered most. There two battle crui sers and an armored cruiser were en gaged. and at this place the greatest loss of life occurred. The Admiralty announced Wednes day that the German ships had eluded pursuit in a fog and were returning safely to their home waters. Naval writers express the belief that six or eight ships were engaged. The Germans have available for such an attacK tne armored cruisers Blucher, Roon, Prinz Adalbert. Prinz Heinrich and Prinz Friederich Karl and more than 20 cruisers of a smaller class. The British war office Axes the number of dead at Hartlepool as sev en soldiers and 22 civilians, and the wounded at 14 soldiers and 50 civil ians. At Scarborough, where a bat tle cruiser and an armored cruiser shelled the town, 13 casualties are re ported, while at Whitby two were kill ed and two wounded. Men, women and children of the ci vilian population were left dead or wounded, struck without warning while at breakfast or at work. In all, according to official estimates the cas ualty list totals 110, of W'hom 31 are known to be dead. The churches were damaged; the gas works and lumber yards at Har telpool were set afire and the abbey at Whitby was struck. The Baltimore hotel at Scarborough received the full effects of a shell. A number of houses and shops were shattered and partly burned in each of the towns. The hostile squadron escaped in the mist after an encounter with coast \ guard vessels patrolling the neigh- j borhood, which were reinforced as soon as the presence of the Germans was signaled. Latest returns of the German na- 1 val raid shows that at Hartlepool 29 1 were killed and 50 Injured, while at j West Hartlepool 90 were killed and i 80 injured. The Servian army, after a > fierce battle, have reoccupied Bel- j grader according to a Nish dispatch to Reuter’s Telegram Compny. The Austrians reoccupied Belgrade December 2 after besieging it since July 29. bombarding from batteries near Zenilin and from monitors on tne uanune. a large portion or tne city is said toiiave been destroyed by ! the fire of the Austrians. The reoccupation by the Austrians of Dukla, an important point to the north of the Carpathians on a line south of Przemvsl and Cracow, but j nearer to the former, was announced by the Austrian General StnfT in Vi- j enna. The Austrians claim to have i captured 9.000 Russians. Poland is fast becoming another Belgium in point of suffering while the opposing armies drive each other hack and forth, occupy and reoccupy cities and villages and Inflict upon the inhabitants bombardments similar to those suffered in Belgium and in northern Prance. More than 500 Polish towns have been ruined, according to correspond ents. Each army accuses the other of looting and cruelty. The flight of the civilians from Lodz was one of the most tragic episodes of the war, while one correspondent pictures the fate of Kalisz as a repetition of Lou vain, with the slaughter of 400 civ ilians and the sacking of the city. The Turkish battleship Messudieh— a vessel of 10,000 tons—has been tor pedoed by a British submarine in the Dardanelles. The British Admiralty report issued Monday declares that when last seen, the Messudieh was sinking by the stern. She carried 600 men. America? Consul Latham at Punta Arenas cabled the State Department (hat the German cruiser had reached that port safely and uninjured. Can Furnish 5,600,000. London.—The total male population ftf England and Wales available for military purposes w> estimated at 5, >00,000 in the annual report of the eglstrar general of births deaths and narrla^es, which has just been made >ublic. The registmr’s compilation ;ivcs the following figures: Age. Number. 20-24 . 1,502.652 26-29 . 1,455,783 30-34 . 1,375,972 36-39 . 1.261.482 ■ I ii t mm i Champion Suffolk Mare. (By A. S. ALEXANDER. Wisconsin Ex periment Station.) Every foal should be the product of Intelligent, correct breeding; not hap hazard. hit-and-miss mating. Too many misfits and mongrels are produced. They fail to make high class horses, even when properly fed and managed. Born wrong, they do not grow aright. It is also lamentably true that many eolts born right are raised wrong. Every farmer should nirn to mate only suitable sires and dams for the production of ideal horses, for the va rious purposes, and then should feed and develop the product perfectly. Only a pure bred sire can beget a grade horse. He also must be sound, muscular, prepotent and suitable in type if the colt is to be ideal. This is equally true of his mate. The sire does not necessarily correct, in his progeny, the serious faults of con formation of his mate. He reproduces only those of his features which are stronger or dominant over the corre sponding features of the mare. She stamps as surely upon her off spring those of her undesirable traits, which are dominant over the corre sponding traits of the sire. To have a colt born right, so that it will de velop right, the characters of both sire and dam should be as similar and ideal as possible. Violent crosses should be avoided. The most prepo tent pure-bred sire should be used. The use of all other sires is mere waste of time and money. Given a foal that is born right, its development should not be left to chance or luck. It can only material ize the hereditary possibilities of its breeding if properly nourished. The inadequately fed, and consequently stunted foal never attains full size or value. At least one-half of the growth and weight of a horse is attained dur ing the first 12 months of life. That is, therefore, the most important pe riod in the life of a foal. The pregnant mare should be fully fed to insure adequate nourishment of her fetus and an abundance of milk for its reception. She should be as' well fed while nursing the foal. If the foal is to make perfect growth it must, from its earliest days, be provided with oatmeal, then crushed oats and wheat bran and af terwards an abundance of whole oats, bran, grass, hay and roots. There is no time in the life of a horse when the feeding of oats and bran is so profitable. The foal that is not so , fed may lack at maturity 25 per cent or more of the size, weight, strength and value possible, through heredity. Overfeeding and pampering must be avoided, however, as they may prove injurious or ruinous. Then, too, if care is not taken to train the foal’s hoofs properly they may grow crooked and throw the leg bones out of plumb. This will spoil ac- i tion and utility at maturity. The feet must be made level and true by ex pert rasping once a month or so dur ing the growing years. Such trim ming is all-important. Postponed it Boon becomes too late to help; the mischief is done. “As the colt is, so will be the horse.” DRY QUARTERS ARE REQUIRED BY. SHEEP Beware of Long-Legged, Rangy Animals in Making Selection for Breeding Purposes. (By R. G. WEATHERSTONE.) No man who understands his busi ness will ever allow his sheep to stand on wet or muddy dirt floors. When selecting sheep for breeding beware of the long-legged, rangy breeds. Get those that are close to the ground. There is no money in raising sheep legs. If the pastures are short this fall the sheep must have some grain or they will fall back to a point where all profit will be lost in bringing them up again. W’hen pastures get short the sheep will eat the roots of the grass right out of the ground if too many are kept in one lot. Retter feed some grain and save the grass. Ever notice that the pastures where sheep are kept grow better grass than those used for horses or cows? A South Dakota man writes that he knn bont AAli/xtoo o ml A\'On HaOB B U' Q V from his flock by setting up scare crows in the shape of a man. These he changes from one part of the pas ture to another every day or two. DO NOT OVERLOOK SUPPLY OF HUMUS Particularly Necessary Where Commercial Fertilizers Are Used With Green Crops. Except on soils nearly or quite vir gin, there are few farms where hu mus cannot be used by the soil to great advantage. In many sections where commercial fertilizers have been used for years, to the exclusion of sta ble manures, It has been found neces sary to grow green crops for plowing under. Where the green crops are used as a part of the rotation, so to speak, the exclusive use of commer cial fertilizers can probably be safely continued. The best results come from the combined use of stable manures and commercial manures, using the former for plowing under iu the spring and the latter for top-dressing’or working m just under the surface as the crop grows. In this manner the humus re quired by the soil is supplied and the fertilizing value of the manure as well. Don’t overlook the humus question It you would keep the farm up to the highest standard. WORK TEAMS NEED THE BEST OF CARE Furnish Deep, Dry Bedding far Horse at All Times—Treat the Animals Kindly. The beet order In feeding is: Water, hay, water again, grain. Never give grain to a tired horse. Let him rest and nibble hay for an hour or two first. Water the horses as often as possible; but let the horse that comes in hot drink a few swallows only. Keep a deep, dry bed under the horse while he is in the stable, day or night, on Sundays especially. The* more he lies down the longer his legs and feet will last. Never put up a horse dirty or muddy for the night. At least, brush his legs and belly and straighten his hair. In hot weather and in all weather, if the horse is hot, sponge his eyes, nose, dock, the har ness marks and the inside of his hind quarters when he first comes in. When the horse comes In wet with rain, first scrape him. then blanket him and rub his head, neck, loins and legs. If the weather Is cold put on an extra blanket In 20 minutes. Speak gently to the horse and do not swear or yell at him. He is a gentleman by instinct and should be treated as such. Agricultural Fairs. The agricultural fair has played an important part in the history of our country. It has been an educating factor of no small importance as well as serving to arouse competition and giving recreation and social enjoy ment. In this age of agricultural activity, when questions of the farm are being forced to the front, wrestled with and overcome, unusual interest is shown in exhibits of live stock, grains, grasses, vegetables and other farm products. Quail Is Farmer's Friend. A quail killed in a potato field had in Its craw the remains of 101 po tato bugs. Another killed in Texas had in its craw the remains of 127 boll weevils. Another killed in >a Kansas wheat field had the remains of 1,200 chinch bugs. The chinch bug, as early as 1864, damaged staple crops $100,000,000. Protect the quails! Home-Grown Seed Com. The best place to obtain seed corn is from your own fields or In your own neighborhood, selecting a variety that has proved generally successful, says the federal department. If you have an established and reliable corn breeder in your neighborhood, U will be safe and often will pay tq get yow seed from him. flUntg nf Jlraif * By O. r. WOODRDTT the palm of his hand. Some of the fel lows came along and hullooed to him, but Teddy didn't answer. He didn’t want to play with the fellows Just now, for he was battling with a great sorrow. Tom had said it, so it must be true, for Tom was eight years old and didn’t have to go to bed until 8 o'clock. Ted dy's hour for retiring was half past 7, and he realized that the extra half hour made a man of the world out of Tom, while it left the unfortunate Ted dy still a baby. Tom had stuck his hands Into his pockets—Tom’s trousers were lovely and rough, just like his father's—and had swaggered around telling all the fellows that there wasn’t any Santa Claus! When questioned further, he had said that there used to be, but that this year there wasn’t going to be, and there never would be again. No Santa Claus! If Teddy hadn’t been six years old, he might have cried, but of course one as old as he never cried. Teddy wondered if he’d better tell his mother. He decided he wouldn't. Why should his mother, whom he loved so dearly, be made to suffer any longer than was necessary? It was hard, though, during the next two weeks. Inch seemed like years, not to tell, and when Christmas eve came and his mother gayly brought out his biggest pair of stockings and U hung them up at the end of the man tel he could hardly keep back the tears. How disappointed he and his mother would be when they got up In the morning and found the stockings empty! She leaned over and kissed him tenderly. "Are you tired, dear?'* she asked. "You don't seem as happy as usual!” Teddy assured her, as well sb he was able for the lump In his throat, that he was perfectly well. His moth er, like the wise one that she was. didn’t press the question. She merely drew up her low rocking chair and sat beside the bed until she thought Ted dy was asleep and then she crept quietly down stairs. T$ddy lay for a long time after she went, watching the firelight flicker on the walls. He couldn’t go to sleep and besides what was the use, when there wasn't anything to wake up for? A good many tears rolled out of the cor ners of his eyes, but he didn't care now. He must have lain there for about four or ten hours, he thought, and had Just shut his eyes to rest them from the light, when he heard a sound, a very little bit of a sound. He sat up quickly In bed and listened eagerly, because It sounded, it really did sound, as If It might be slelghbells. In a min ute, he didn't know Just how, he was leaning out of the window. He didn't feel as If he had walked there at all, but more as If he had Just skimmed along without any effort on his part, as If he had been some sort of delightful fish bird. He leaned away out of the window, not feeling a bit afraid of falling, and looked down up on the street. Yes, down there on the street, as plain as day, he could see the reindeer shaking their long horns and prancing until th« bells that seemed almost to cover them filled the air with their musical Jingle. And then there was a gleam of red. Somebody was climbing Into the sleigh! There was the echo of a Jovial voice calling, the horns of the reindeer quivered Joyfully, their little feet pawed the ground, then the whole turnout eeeined to leap into the air, and like a flash was gone! Teddy rubbed his eyes. It was fun ny! He thought he was at the win dow, but here he was in bed. _ He sat up aud looked around tha room. The fire in the grate had gona out. but the gray light of the morning was beginning to steal through tha curtains. Teddy alid out of bed and crept softly to the fireplace. The stockings were bulging in all directions as had been their exhilarat ing wont In other years! He put out hla hand and touched one of them gently. It was no dream! The stock ing was full to overflowing! With a little sighing, whispering wheeze of Joy and relief Teddy clasped his hands until the knuckles showed as while as the snow outside. Then with a cry of absolute delight ha dashed into his mother's room. She opened a pair of sleepy eyes at the sound of tho pattering little feet Teddy threw himself upon her, laugh ing nnd sobbing. "Oh, mother, mother, mother!” he cried. “He come after all! Santa Claus did come! 8anta Claua did come) He did, he did* be did!"—-CM* | cage Daily News.