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NORMAL BOARD _
MOST ECONOMICAL WILL ASK LEGISLATURE ONLY FOR ENOUGH FOR MAIN TENANCE. GOVERNOR HIGHLY PLEASED — Trustees Decide to Ask For Only $71,000, or $53,000 Less Than Last Year. Little Rock.— Governor Rays, who has been a con sistent advocate of economy in the ad ministration of the public business. Since be became governor a year and a balf ago, was highly pleased with the position taken by the Board of Trus tees of the Normal School. The State Normal Board met Friday and agreed to ask for an appropria tion of only $71,000 by the Legislature, which Is $53,000 less than was appro priated in 1913. This institution needs more new buildings, especially a main building, but agreed to ask for only enough for maintenance. The Normal Board has agreed that they will consent to put the mainte nance of the institution on a mlllage basis, instead of bulk appropriations to be tougnt out Dienmauy Deiore me Legislature. This, sowever, is with the understanding that all the other educational Institutions supported by the state shall agree to the same plan. Shippers Given a Postponement. Arkansas shippers are to be given an opportunity to prepare and file their Interventions in the Interstate Commerce Commission hearing by which Memphis Is attempting to gain Arkansas intrastate rates to Arkansas points. United States Senator Joe T. Robinson informed Judge W. M. Kava naugh in a telegram sent Friday night asked Senator Robinson to use his in fluence to secure the„postponement. The hearing has been adjourned and recess taken until the Arkansas Shippers are prepared to present their case. A. lit. Bragg, of the Merchants' Traf tic Bureau, who had been in Memphis since Thursday, returned to Little Rock Monday to conter with jobbers and traffic men in Little Rock relative to the hearing, and it is believed the preparation of interventions may be started at once. No interventions had been prepared because the Memphis complaint had not been turni6hed Ar kansas shippers. Judge Joseph M. Hill of Fort Smith, former member of the Arkansas Su preme Court, and counsel for the state In the railroad rate litigation has been employed by the Arkansas Jobbers' Association to represent the state's shippers in opposing the suit of the city of Memphis against the Rock Is land and other trunk line railroads. New Corporations. The following corporations were chartered: Valley Mercantile Company of Mr Gehee, general merchandise, $5,000 capital of which $5,000 is subscribed. Sam Wolchansky president, M. A. Taeker vice president, Isadore Fried heim secretary, and J. F. Avery treas urer. Moseley Bros. Mercantile 'Company of Alicia, capital stock $25,000, of which $10,000 Is subscribed. A. J. Moseley president, 3. W. Moseley vice president, and N. G. liOllar secretary treasurer. The Spurlock & Weller Mercantile Co. of Mammoth Spring, P. O. Weller, president, has tiled a notice of disso lution. Building and Loan. According to figures compiled by V,'. T. Maxwell, in charge of the Blue Sky Department in the office of the state bank commissioner, the combined as sets of the building and loan and sav ings institutions organized in Arkan sas, t .ceeds eight and a quarter mil lion dollars. During the six months ending Jane 30, 1914, more than a mil lion dollars of new business was placed on the books of these associa tions. During the past sixty days Mr. Max well has been very busy with an inves tigation of the affairs of these Institu tions, and reports them in a flourish tug condition. Employment of Children. The commissioner of labor has" be gun sending to all the school superin tendents of the state blanks for the employment certificates to children . of school age as provided under the Child iAbor Act. which the people adopted under the initiative at the September election. The act becomes effective January 1, 1*14. Much Good Accomplished. The members of the faculty of the 8tate University College of Agricul tures Who have been serving the Prof itable Panning Campaign, have re turned to their stations in Fayette ville. They report that great enthu siasm was manifested almost every where. and express the belief that ■■ore good was accomplished than •ven the most sanguine had dared ex pect at the beginning. The university fnnUahad twenty man who served ail 0t a part of the Urn* -Hi ' Greatest Apple Exhibit Known. Agricultural Commissioner John H. Page has returned from Bentonville, where he attended the meeting of the Northwest Arkansas Horticultural So ciety, and delivered an address. He is most enthusiastic over the apple exhibit, and reports that there were over one thousand boxes of forty dif ferent varieties of apples on exhibit. “In my opinion," said Mr. Page, “it was as fine as, if not finer than the whole world could produce. The pre mium box of Arkansas Blacks was of a type and character that would have taken a premium over anything in the world. The entire display was nicely arranged, and was in every way a great success. Governor Begins Work on Message. Governor Hays has begun work on his message to the General Assembly, to be delivered upon the organization soon after January 11. While he is not making any advance announce ment of what it will contain, he makes I no secret of the fact that one of the principal things he will emphasize is that of economy. He will insist that the appropriations to be made shall be restricted within the limits of the revenues, and that policies be adopt ed which will result in the elimination of the tremendous deficit that will confront the state at the opening of the legislature. Great interest is man ifested throughout the state in the financial plans he will outline in his message. He will have an under standing with the heads of the vari ous state institutions oeiore xne ap propriation bills are introduced, so that they may be kept down to actual necessities, and not to decrease the efficiency of the departments of pub lic service. Will Mr. McDaniels Preside? There is much speculation in state house circles as to the attitude the in coming state treasurer, R. G. McDan iels, will assume toward the State Board of Charitable Institutions. The statutes make the state treasurer ex officio chairman of the board, without a vote except in case of a tie. State Treasurer John W. Crockett, except for the first few months of his admin istration, has not met with the board, and has taken no part in its deliber ations. He says that he assumed this course because of the fact that he would have been only a figurehead, with no voice fn the proceedings, and he could see no benefit to be derived from attending the meetings. Meeting of the A. N. G. A meeting of the Arkansas National Guard Association was called by the president, Capt. Sam D. Crawford, of El Dorado, to meet at headquarters in the state capitol Monday, Decem ber 21, at 9 a. m., for the considera tion of matters of "grave importance.” The Legislative Committee will meet at the same time. To Good Roads Convention. Commissioners W. B. Owen and A. S. Kilgore of the State Highway De i partment went to Chicago last week to represent the state department at the annual convention of the National Good Roads Congress. Levee Case Appealed. Phillips county’s levee district in junction suit has reached the Su preme Court. The abstract has been filed in the case of M. E. West vs. : Cotton Belt Levee Oistrict No. 1. It was an injunction proceeding against the collection of taxes, borrowing of money and issuance of bonds, and was lost on demurrer in the Circuit Court. To Refer Water Work* Ordinance. Secretary of State Earle W. Hodge* has been advised by Attorney Gener al Moose that the petition from Tex arkana citizens referring the water woTks ordinance to the people is all right and can properly be referred It has been filed and will be certified out early in January, three months preceding the municipal election in April, unless he is enjoined. Model Roads Are Proposed. A conference was held Thursday In the office of the State Highway Com mission to discuss the construction of model roads from the four agricultu ral schools to the nearest city. There ■were present I>r. Dickinson, secretary of the commission: State Highway Engineer Carter. Col. Henry Stroup | and J. B. Paine of thb Russellville board of trustees. J. E. Rogers of the i Magnolia board, and J. A. Blackford 1 of the Jonesboro board. The proposed project is to build a i model highway from the schools to town, from one and a half to five miles distant, as an object lesson for the pupils. The definite plans were not worked out. but that it will be undertaken seems assured. Sweepstakes Exhibit. One of the notable exhibits of ap ples at the Agricultural Department Is that made by Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Jordan of Bentonvllle, who captured the sweepstakes at the recent Benton ville fruit fair. The exhibit consists of Arkansas Blacks, Collins’ Reds, Ben Davis and Mammoth Black Twigs. For Private Game Preaerve. Dr. C. M. Capps of Knoxville, Tenn., writes to Secretary of State Hodges that he owns 1,120 acres of land in Jackson county, and desires to estab lish a private fish and game preserve thereon. He asks what protection he can have under the state law. Mr. Hodges has replied that he can est..j llsh the preserve and erect a fence about it to keep out trespassers, and then any one who enters upon the land and kills game or catches flab , oaa be punished (or traanaaa BUTTLES FOUGHT RUSSIAN AND GERMAN CLAIMS CONTINUE DIRECTLY CONTRADICTORY. PUSHING TOWARD WARSAW There Seems Little Doubt That Rus sians Are Retreating, But German Victory Apparently Exaggerated. Western Newspaper I'nlou News Service. London.—The battles between the Russian and the Austro-Gerinan ar mies in Poland and Galicia are being fought amid deep snow and in bitter cold. No news of any decisive gain came from either side Tuesday. The Russian and German claims continue to be directly contradictory. The Germans in Poland again are making a tierce attack toward Warsaw and the Russians are making a stand against them on the east bank of the Bzura river, 30 miles west of Warsaw. Grand Duke Nicholas’ army holds a natural strategic line ou nines ions, running roughly, north and south along the east banks of the Bzura and Haw ka rivers. Although there seems very lit tie doubt tlujt the Russians are re treating and that there Is no prospect of an early invasion of Germany, con siderable mystery surrounds the re ported decisive victory by the Ger mans which Berlin celebrated Thurs day night. "The beaten Russian main forces are being pursued on the entire battle 400 kilometers wide (about 250 miles i from Krosno, Galicia, to the mouth of the Bzura river, in Poland, where it empties into the Vistula," says an Austrian official statement issued in Vienna. "The Russians are retiring along the entire front in Galicia and Po land.” This statement, officially is sued at Vienna, is the outstanding feature of Friday’s news from the bat tle fronts. The British Official Press Bureau Thursday night issued the following statement concerning, the making of Egypt a British protectorate: "His Brittanic majesty's principal secretary of state for foreign affairs gives notice that in view of a state of war arising out of the action of Tur key, Egypt is placed under the protec tion of his majesty and will hence forth constitute a Britisch protecto rate. “The suzerainty of Turkey over Egypt is thus terminated, and his i majesty’s government will adopt all ; measures necessary for the defense of Egypt and the protection of its in habitants and interests. “The king has been pleased to ap prove the appointment of Lieutenant Colonel Sir Arthur Henry MacMahon to be his majesty’s high commission er for Egypt.” For the first time in annals of than a century England has been struck by a foreign foe. A squadron of swift German cruisers crept through the fog Tuesday night to the eastern coast and turned their guns against the Britons. When day broke they began the bombardment of throa important | iuw ua- i icti ucpuui, ui me muuui 01 the Tees; Whitby. 35 miles southward, and Scarborough, noted as a pleasure resort, 15 miles beyond. Hartlepool suffered most. There two battle crui sers and an armored cruiser were en gaged, and at this place the greatest loss of life occurred. Naval writers express the belief that six or eight ships were engaged The hostile squadron escaped in the mist after an encounter with coast guard vessels patrolling the neigh borhood, which were reinforced as soon as the presence of the Germans was signaled. Men, women and children of the cl vilian population were left dead or wounded, struck without warning while at breakfast or at work ualty list totals 110, of whom 31 are known to be dead The churches were damaged; the I gas works and lumber yards at liar ' ■ telpool were set afire and the abbey j . at Whitby was struck. Rich Policewoman Resigns. Muncte, lnd.—Muncle's "millionaire ' i police woman,” Mrs. Thomas F. Hart, has resigned, because of Illness. Wife of a millionaire, Mrs. Hart, Joined the force a year ago to help wayward girls. She wore a uniform and carried a mace. , Colon.—Col. George W. Goehals, governor of the Panama Canal zone, accompanied by Mrs. Goethals, left for the United States on a month's leave of absence. Balkan Armies United. Ig)ndon.—The Servian and Montene grin armies again have Joined hands, after the defeat of tne Austrians, who Invaded Servla, and are now making their second advance toward Sarajevo, capital of Uosnia. The two armies, the supplies of which have been re plenished by captures from the Aus trians. have formed a Junction neat Vtsrefrad. which the Montenegrins have occupied. They expect to be be rore Sarajevo within three or four days, and are confident of Its capture. COTTON BELTS STBIMEBTEO BOTH SIDES ACCEPT FINDING OF THE FEDERAL MEDIATION BOARD. ENDS A TWO YEARS' FIGHT Conductor Tillman, Whose Discharge Caused the Controversy, Must Withdraw Unconditionally. St. Louts.—There will be no strike of Cotton Belt railroad trainmen, as the Federal Board of Mediation and Conciliation has brought about a set tlement of the controversy between the workmen and the company. This statement was made at St. Louis bv W. L. Chambers, chairman of the Mediation Board, upon his departure for Washington, D. C. Conductor J. K. Tillman, whose re instatement the workmen demanded, upon threat of calling a strike, "must withdraw, unconditionally," according to Judge Chambers' decision. The railroad company shall not discipline, nor rule against any of the men who were connected witn the demand for Tillman's reinstatement on the strike vote. Both sides previously had agreed to abide by the decision of Judge Cham bers. No mention was made in the de cision of the board's opinion as to the legality of the strike vote which the railroad officials questioned, nor con cerning Tillman’s physical condition when he was dismissed in April, 1913. W. C. Turner, representing the men, declined to comment on the decision. Officials of the Cotton Belt road pointed to it as substantiation of their claim that Tillman was not sick when dismissed. The decision ended a two-year con troversy. The first vote to strike was taken about a year ago. The issuance of a strike order at that time was pre vented by court injunction granted to firemen and engineers who claimed the right to withdraw their vote after they had heard the company's side of the caso. A second vote was taken sev eral months ago, and the conductors and brakemen voted for a strike un less Tillman were reinstated. BRIEF NEWS AND NOTES. J A novel movement to assist in carrying out the Ideas of the di versified farming experts who re cently conducted the "Make Arkan sas Feed Herself" campaign has been adopted at Fort Smith by the Business Men's Club, the Fort Smith Ad Club, the Noon Civics Club and the government farm demonstra tion force. Each interest has named a committee to work out plans to finance boys and girls in the raising of garden truck, pigs and poultry. The pig and poultry Industry, especially the former, are to be confined to the rural districts, while truck gardening is to predominate in Fort Smith. The faculty of the College of Engi neering of the State University has announced a one week course of ex tension lectures beginning on January 11. The course will be given at the same time as farmers’ week, and the meeting of the State Horticulture So ciety, which will assemble at the university on January 12. Receivers for the Kansas City and Memphis Railway of Rogers were granted permission by Judge Frank A. Youmans in the Tnlted States District Court at Fort Smith to issue $100,000 notes to pay off indebtedness expiring January 1. On that day interest on $800,000 bonds of the railroad is due and more than $31,000 in traffic charges. Cattlemen of Arkadelphia recently imported a herd of Whitefaced Here ford calves from southwest Texas and will quit raising rattle of the common breed. This is one of the many things to which farmers are turning to take the place of cotton. Sfeveral silos have been erected and forage crops will be planned. The open range near by and plenty of cane make the stock raising profitable If scientifically handled. L. Garrett, promoter of the Little Rock and Hot Springs interurban, is In the Fast negotiating for the sale of the bonds for the building of the road. Next January he will have been at work on this project for ten years, and against recurring disappoint ments, has always presented an opti mistlo front. He has never given un, and is still confident that he r/ill succeed. G. IS. Mlkel of Jenny Lind, state president of the Arkansas Federation of Labor, Is on a general tour of the state. He reports that the barbers and musicians of Fort Smith have agreed to affiliate with the Federation, also the blacksmiths at Van Buren. There are about 120 lo cals In the state eligible to affiliation, and about forty per cent of them are already In. The railroad trainmen and the brick layers do not affiliate. President Mlkel reports that the Fede ration la growing rapidly The record was broken In the inter collegiate debating in the University of Arkansas last week, when 27 men worked for places on the varsity team which will meet the teams of the Uni versity of Texas, Louisiana and Okla homa in a triangular debate April 12. The successful contestants were Karl Greenhaw of Little Rock, J. D. Henry of Dierks, John T. Ratten of Para gould, J. A. Winn and Jerry Wallace of Russellville and R. D. Lee of Centre Point, as regulars, and B. B. Matthews of Pine Bluff, J. B. Milbourne of Fay etteville and J. C. Carroll of Trill as alternates. The subject for the de bate is: "Resolved, That the Several States Should Adopt Minimum Wage Schedules for Unskilled Laborers, Con stitutionally Granted.” A proposed bill, drafted by a com mittee of the Little Rock Bar Associ ation, which, if passed, will recon struct the system of justice courts in cities of the first class in Arkansas, has been approved by the Little Rock Bar Association. The bill was pre pared to eliminate reported pernicious practices in the* justice courts. J. S. Barkman of Little Rock has been appointed to the position of in ternal revenue agent in charge of the recently created Arkansas, Oklahoma and Kansas division. He will succeed David A. Gates, who. after one week’s service in that position, was appoint ed deputy internal revenue agent at Washington, D. C. - I The report of City Collector James Lawson of Little Rock shows that the total collections made by the city dur ing November amounted to $4,074.29, of which $1,109.50 was on account of Police Court fines. Campaign committees of ten in each county to push the membership for the annual convention of the Arkan sas State Teachers Association, April 8-10. in Little Hock are being organ ized. Kv January 1 it is expected that these committees will all be appoint ed. and the campaign will be pushed with great vigor. The citizens of Sparkman, in the western part of Sebastian county, have filed notice of petition to incor porate their town at the next session of the county court. Arkadelphia and Malvern last Thursday celebrated the switching on of the power in the lines of the new Arkansas Power Company. It was a gala day at Malvern ,and after a large delegation from Arkadelphia assisted in the opening of the plant they re turned home and staged a carnival of their own at Arkadelphia. Athletic Director Pickering of the University of Arkansas, who was call ed direct from the meeting of the Southwestern Athletic Association at Houston, Tex., to his home in Minne apolis, on account of serious illness in his family, writes from Minneapo I lis that the university football sched | ule for 1915, as far as completed, is as ; follows: October 2. Hendrix, at Fay etteville: October 9. Ouachita, at Fay etteville: October 23, Oklahoma A. & M„ at Fort Smith; November 6, Lou , isiana State University, at Shreve iport; Thanksgiving. Mississippi Uni j versity, at Memphis. James Bratton, Sr., living near Les . lie, who raises Plymouth Rock chick ens, realized $18 from the sale of 22 fowls. He has a Black Spanish hen ! that laid more than 100 eggs before I missing a day. Fort Smith’s city jail, which is al most empty every (lay, is to be turned into a municipal lodging house by the city commissioners. Lodgers will be furnished with warm beds and break fast without charge. It is hoped that this plan will reduce the number of idle in the city, as those unworthy of charity will be escorted out of the city as soon as they are found. Claude Stephenson of Barren Hol low. Searcy county, realised $55 from a crop of peanuts grown on a quar ter acre Stephens grew 20 bushels of the No. 1 Jumbo and 10 bushels of the No. 2 Jumbo varieties. He sold the No. 1 peanuts at $2 and the No. 2 at 50 cents per bushel. He also sold 20 hales ot peanut hay at 50 cents per bale, making his total sales $55. The December cro# report for Ar kansas and the United States. Issued by the Department of Agriculture, shows Arkansas farmers have sown IS4.000 acres In wheat this fall, com I pared with 128,000 acres a year ago. ' The condition of the wheat, the report i states, Is SS.3 per cent, compared with 90.3 per cent, the 10-year average. All attempts to save him having failed, Arthur Hodges, aged 21, was electrocuted In the state penitentiary Friday. December 18, for the murder of constable Morgan Darner near Amity, Clark county. In July. 1913. when the officer had arrested him for a petty offense. The date for his elec trocution had been fixed four times. A petition containing 1,750 names has been filed at Helena for the grant ing of saloon licenses. Charging the receivership of the Uache-Denman Coal Company was de sired only to have the United States court take charge of the property un til certain financial readjustments could be made, attorneys for the Se bastian County Coal Mining Company of Philadelphia argued In federal court a motion to move 10 of the com panies from the receivership. RUSSELLVILLE’S DEMONSTRATION OF WHAT CAN BE DONE IN RECLAIMING WET FARM LAND8. (By H. S. Mobley, president of Arkan sas Farmers' Union.) The Second District Agricultural School at Russellville, of which Hon. George A. Cole is principal, is an example to the entire state of what can be done with unproductive land. In the school farm there are 200 acres. Part of this is high and pretty well Ingrained with shale. The rest is low and formerly was too wet for farming. The boys, under the instruction of one of their teachers and with a tile ex pert to aid them, set to work to mako 50 acres of the low, wet land suita ble for crops. They tiled the 50 acres Just as well as land was ever tiled and the results were immediate. To day this land is producing clovers, vetches, corn and other crops Just like a regular Illinois farm, and it is more than paying tor the cost of tiling. That Job finished, there was tho proposition of growing alfalfa on the higher ground deficient in lime. Al falfa can be grown without much diffi culty in the bottom lands around Rus sellville, but "getting a stand” on the uplands has been a hard farming nut to crack. Today on the high ground at the Russellville School is as pret ty a piece of alfalfa as any healthy hog or cow would care to see. At Russellville they have hogs and cows too. The Holsteins and Jerseys In the herd keep the dairy going with enough milk and butter to supply the school. The boys and girls, directed by H. H. Holtzclaw and J. F. Porter, the livestock men of the school, are now making plans for establishing markets for the dairy products of the farmers in the northwestern part of the state around Russellville. The plan provides for a regular supply of butter and milk, not only in the local markets at Russellville, but into points along the railroads. This is one of the practical benefits the school is to the people of that sec tion of the state. . Another thing that the school is doing is furnishing the neighboring farms the pure-bred hogs that they need to develop the nerds. The school has registered Poland China and Du *oc Jersey sows and boars that are sold from time to time to the far mers at reasonable prices. Many of the farmers who buy these sows and boars have ooys and girls in th^ school. The raising of sheep and goats is another interesting and profitable feature of the work of the boys in this school for farm boya and girls. Both the sheep and the goats—however separated they may be in the world to come—work together at Russell ville in clearing up the land. They have proved their worth and show that there is need for both in the rough lands in the northwestern sec tion of Arkansas. • *u nusBriiTiuc iiiln lo work one day In a week In the domes, tic science department as classroom work. Every boy has to work one day in the week in the shop or 8n the farm. Many of the girls by extra work help to pay their board, which ' averages about $S a month. The girls do their own laundry work anyway, but they make money by "doing the laundry" for the dining hall. They make their own dresses, and the lucky fellow who weds one of the Rus sellville girls won’t be burdened with dressmaker’s bills. Neither will he Hhy every time he sees a millinery es tablishment. for the Russellville girls learn to make hats that are both chto and durable. They study textiles, too. and know tlfe kinds of cloths that will wear best and wash best. They also learn home sanitation, so that thetr future homes will be healthy homes. They study physiology from the stand point of health, learning to avoid colds, grip and other unnecessary hu man Ills. They know what foods give the most nourishment and how to cook them to make them most nourishing and tasty. They have a thorough course in home management and in home decoration. In short, the girls at the Russellville School make of themselves all-around women, equip ped for the duties of life in country or in town. Most of the girls are the daughters of most of them will be daughters of farmers also. The Rus sellville School has more than 400 students from the farms of Arkansan. Its influence Is already felt through out many counties, although It is only about four years old. Its work is just getting well under way, and the live farmer directors who control its af fairs are looking forward to great wo-k In the next two or three yean— practical farm work that will create new markets for dairy products, great ly Increase the livestock In many counties, result In silos being built on many farms, bring about the tiling of bottom lands and the raising of le gumes on the uplands, and fitting the boys and girls ror making a success of farming and homemaftftig In Ar kansas. Toledo Timet Editor Deed. Toledo, O.—George W. Dun, publish er of the Toledo Times, died sudden ly Saturday afternooik.