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«h NEWARK EOST VOLUME n NEWARK, DELAWARE, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 19 U NUMBER 33 REVIEW OF THE SEWER CONTROVERSY Fact» Taken From Reports On File In order to correct some of the recent expressions regard ing the sewer question, The Post has been asked to review the controversy. This is the attempt of this article—a plain statement of the facts as they have appeared in this paper. |ust who is the originator of the idea of a sewer is a disputed honor. matter has, of course, been talked of for years. Dr. Brown, o' Johns Hopkins University, warned the residents of this town . years ago. After a most rigid in- \ vestigation, as a purely personal studv, he made the prediction of j pur conditions as they now exist. , Other men qualified to judge have ■ made similar predictions. The most necessary asset that success demands is health-health derived from healthful surround lie , 1 1 mgs. Nature has assisted this locality generously in the creation of such an environment. A modern sew age system is the one great need of Newark at the present time The slowness with which the. rank and file (and leaders too) accepts the verdict of authorities is in credible. clings to a drink from the "good cool well" is hard to shatter. Every rational creature is aware of the changes brought by the years as demonstrated in modes of travel, manner of living, etc. We ack nowledge the triumph of science on behalf of the surgeon who ef fects the marvellous cures—but some stop there and draw the line, leaving the specialist who discov ers the germ and microbe still in the class of the blow horn and im practical visionary. : Yet it has ever been by attention to such ad vice that the achievements of civi lization have been attained. The triumph in the canal zone finds its explanation in an observance of the laws of sanitation. A recent writer has.declared that Alexander the Great's decree demanding that only boiled water should be used by his army accounts largely for his wonderful victories. But in face of all the evidence Newark clings to the often-condemned "good old ways" that lier fathers managed to endure. We have shut our eyes to facts ! The death rate shows an enormous decrease since our fathers' day, owing to tlie observance of such sugges tions as those made by the sanitary engineer. The sentiment that THE FACTS. In the issue of March 2, 1910, Mr. S. J. Wright wrote a letter in the Peoples' Column, asking that twenty citizens contribute toward a survey in order that the cost of installing a sewer might be reck oned. This letter was a repeti tion of one appearing in the Dela ware Ledger during the fall of 1909. This is to our knowledge the first attempt toward the instal lation. The letter created con siderable comment, and on May II a suggestion was made that the Eigineering Department of the ( .fliege make this survey. This The regular meeting of Council TOWN COUNCIL all VO' held Monday members present, committees went over and rej tirer was instructed to pay same. A bid was evening, The several the hills lorted favorable and treas received from the Stewart Contracting Co. to repair South College avenue from Main street to town limits and resurface same as work just completed on The bid was $1200. Council decided to leave street as it is for the present. The annual appropriation $250 to the firemen was passed up on and ordered paid. The bill of balance due the at torneys representing °f the citizens suggestion was made by a citizen 0 PP 0s ed the method of Mr. | vey yv right. The author at the same ; time claimed a survey was already ges in existence and rurther survey j would be useless expense. j Considerable alarm was caused among the thinking people of this community by the •uevelopment of typhoid, which in several instances A meeting of the local Board of Health was called for Tuesday, May 31, at which it was decided to have a sanitary in spection made of the town. The question of surface wells was dis put proved fatal. . \ cuss " and recommendations, as a resu T. presented to Council. The j necessi ty for co-operation on the , ^. arL °; cozens was urged ■ *■ irou § 1 "ie columns of the local papers, and every effort made to 1,efore t ' ie mg ° f hot Weather ' a on It a com Council, realizing the need of , the community, gave the Board al most absolute authority promising to stand by and act when the mat ter drifted beyond their jurisdic 1 tion. 1 In the meantime the subject had oecome of State wide interest ing to the presence of the college in our midst, and the State Board o: Health visited that institution aud inspected the surroundings. Their decision was that the cas among the students had been tracted from the surface wells used at various boarding houses around the town. 1 he State Board of Health in its inspection recommended a sew age system and put that down as ilccds of the town. At the same time the local Board of Health was told that in all matters of health it had abso lute authortiy. The local Board decided to use easy methods and appealedt o the citizens tor co operation. I lie attempt to shift the blame on the ice dealers was heartily re sented hut iu the general good 110 serious objection was made. The controversy con cerning the ice men was disposed of in an interview with Dr. Albert Robin, of Wilmington, who as bac teriologist of that city made a thorough study of the typhoid germ. When consulted, Dr. Rob in said lie believed it unjust to make the icemen the scapegoats. We quote from that interview the following paragraph : "The provision for sewerage has not kept pace with the growth of the town. The fact that an in crease of pd(pulrjtion means an extra amount of refuse to be car ried away seems to have been overlooked. Each new family that comes makes the demand for a ow es con gre crest of the new system more urgent. Until Newark closes her surface wells and disposes of her sewage through an up-to-date sewer sys tem, iu my estimation, She never will tie entirely free from typhoid. It is very probable that the recent outbreak has come from flies as a result of the sewer system, and the ice is likely a secondary mat ter." 1 11 the Post of July 13, 1910, we [ fintl another letter Wright, referring to his effort to from S. J. in the Lease controversy was pre sented. A discussion followed regarding the legality of this procedure, Messrs. Steele and Rose claiming that since the attorneys were em ployed by the citizens and not by authority of Council that it was illegal to pay them from the town Â resolution was read j treasury, where it was claimed that Council later employed the citizens law to continue the case as pre rented, in the name and by the authority of Council, ment then hinged on the inter ^ Qn the ta jq e unt il the return the attorney for vers The argu of Mr. Evans °f Council. drain on The question of pipe the J. Wilkins Cooch property was brought up and authority was given street committee to lay 25 t in a in establish a fund of $300 for a sur- 1 | vey of the town. Up to that time ; $115 had been subscribed. He ur ges further contributions j tioning the necessity which was j evident to any observant person during the warm days, men In the issue of July 20, a writer urges definite information to be put before the public, so that there would be no necessity for haphaz ard action at the meeting of the General Assembly. During the first week of August Council, according to the sugges tion of the Board of Health named a sewer commission "to consider the employment of a sanitary en gineer to prepare plans, specifica tions and estimates for a sewerage system for Newark." The commtitee was "to endea vor to secure by voluntary sub scriptions sufficient money to have the necessary survey made in or der that the people of the town may know the cost of such a sys tem. The Mayor, J. P. Wright, named the following- committee : Dr. George A. Harter Dr. H. G. M. Kollock S. J. Wright T. F. Armstrong E. L. Richards. D. C. Rose E. B. Frazer George Griffin Jacob Thomas The Mayor was complimented on the selection of this committee. It will be seen that it is represen tative. It is known that he made a special point in selecting repre sentatives of our institutions with out thought of political affiliations. He is quoted as saying that this work must not be handicapped by any factional criticism and the men named proved his claim good. On August 12, the commission organized with J. Wilkins Cooch, chairman, and E. B. Frazer, secre a a tary. A letter from W. T. Wilson was read offering to give what data he had, and if necessary, make a new survey of thê town. This offer was accepted and a vote of thanks given Mr Wilson. S. J. Wright turned over what data lie had al ready collected, also an outline of the information needed. It was understood that Mr. Wil son would have a complete survey made by the date of the next meet ing, his letter stating, "I shall be glad to make a complete new sur vey of the town, which can be done in three days or less, free of charge." The week of August 24, it is re corded that "the sanitary inspec tion made by a representative of the Board of Health is complete and notices are being mailed to all property owners. It is urged that all co-operate with the recommen dations mentioned on the card. A second inspection is promised when a change in the records on file will be made wherever im provements have been made." The sewer commission met on September 14. It was decided to visit Merchantville, where a plant similar to our needs is in success ful operation. The trip was made and a careful inspection called forth enthusiastic reports on the (Continued on page 4.) a to J. This to 50 feet of 20 inch pipe, authority was given with the ap proval of all the members except Messrs. Rtxse and Steele. Mr. A. F. Fader asked for ce ment curb and gutter in front of Council by the garage building, agreed to furnish gutter on con dition that Mr. Fader put in the curb at his own expense. It was suggested that in view of the recent freshet that street committee could secure gravel at very reasonable prices. According to proposition made by the American Vulcanized Fibre Company, Council agreed to run 6 inch water pipe from Cleveland avenue to town limits, the fibre to continue same to Council will furnish the for company their plant. water for fire protection free of The tohvn will furnish to the houses of that sec on was was 25 charge, water : tion at the usual rates. OBITUARY SARAH K. BROWN. Sarah K, Brown, widow of the late Annas Br/iwn, died at 'her home in Newark on Friday, Sep tember r. Mrs. Brown had been in ill health for some time, but the seriousness of the malady was suspected only a short time pre vious to her death. She had been a li'e-long resident of this com munity, being born in Mill Creek Hundred in 1850. At an early age she became a member of Eben ezer M. E. Church, and was active in the religious life of that com munity for years. Since her re moval to Newark about twenty years ago she has been a consis tent member of the Newark M. E. Church. Services were held in the latter church on Sunday, September 3. Interment in the M, E, Cemetery. MRS. GRACE ROSE. Mrs. Grace Rose, daughter of . H. and Mary E. Duling, of Newark, died of typhoid fever, at her home Lewisville, on Friday, September 1. Funeral services were held in the Kemblesville M. E. Church on Monday, September 4. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. 1 Newark Crack Shots Win Honors The Delaware Rifle team has returned from Camp Perry, cover ed with glory, winning second place in Class C. Tennessee team carried off the first honors. This is a wonderful showing for our boys. Congratulations from the Governor and Adjutant General have been received by the team, and a banquet will lie given in honor of the Delaware shots at the State Arsenal in Wilmington in the near future. It is interesting to note tliat Company F. of Newark comes in for special honors. Out of the twelve men composing the team, three of the men came from New ark— ist Sergeant Frank Clarke, Corporals Heisler and Vandegrift. Lieutenant W. F. Corkran, of Co. F, the crack shot of the Regiment, received his trainng on the New ark ranges, while at college, and later with the local company, ist Sergeant Clarke, Co. E, held sec ond place iu the shoot. Other Company E crack shots were unable to attend. Captain Jacobs and Walter Powell have long since won honors on Dela ware ranges. The local party on their return from Camp Perry stopped in Buf falo for several days where they made Hotel Iroquois their head quarters. Several trips were made to points of interest over the Can adian border. of of all A on on to Delaware Grapes Make A Record The Delaware grape crop this year has been phenomenal, not withstanding the long continued drought which shortened nearly every other crop. E. T. Hipwell, near Dover, has Niagara bunches weighing over a pound and Con cords nearly as large. The fruit is sent to market in small handled baskets and brings good prices during the entire season. The fruit retails here at 10 cents per basket for Concord and 15 cents for Nia gara. Over 1,400,000 pounds of grapes have already been shipped, a large increase over last year— State Sentinel. ap ce of It is reported that arrangements have been completed for setting 50 to 75 acres in grapes this fall by Kent county farmers. Large Enrollment 420 pupils are already enrolled in the Newark public school. Up to the present writing 49 pupils from outside districts have matri culated in the higher grades. There are 61 pupils in the High School, 13 of whom have registered in the commercial department. Owing to unavoidable delay in the delivery of the school furni ture to he used in the eighth grade that class is seated in the high school which makes »that department very much crowded. The furniture lias been promised by the latter part of the week when this condition will lie remedied to the satisfaction of all. the at run to of sec NEWS NOTES HERE AND THERE Elder Coulter, of Philadelphia, preached at Welsh Tract Meeting House on Sunday. Charles Jarmon, now living on the farm near Appleton purchased last spring by F. E. Williams, of Elkton, has purchased a farm in 'encader hundred, belonging to William Carpenter. ed I The (landing class under the management of S. R. Choate will he reopened in the Opera House on Thursday, September 28. Glasgow Church will open after extensive improvements next Sun day. An all day service will be held for which an interesting pro gram has been arranged. Among the speakers are District Superin tendent E. L. Hoffecker and Rev. V. S. Collins, of Middletown. The fire alarm sounded on Mon Mr. Jarmon will move to his new home next spring. day afternoon, when a small out building on the old Dr. Haines : property was discovered to be on fire. An old cigar, it is believed, j had been thrown among a pile of : old bags, causing the trouble. j Aetna promptly responded and the excitement was of short duration. ' A gymnasium appeals to every I boy's heart. Students of the Wil- 1 mington High School are plan- 1 ning ways of raising funds for the erection of such a building next to the High School on Delaware ' avenue. A carnival is to be held some time in the near future. | The high water mark was reach ed at Willow Glen during the rain storm of last week. The creek and race at Sherman Dayett's mill near Landenburg met, covering the meadow with water over one foot in depth. No damage was done beyond the washing - away of chicken coops and a boat. The Young Peoples' Aid of the M. PC Church will hold the regu lar monthly meeting at the home of Mr. J. W. Brown on Friday evening, September 8, at 7.30 p. m. Delaware Team Advances To Class B I Delaware is proud of her rifle team, lately returned from Camp Perry, Ohio. When we consider those things which set the team from this State apart, the show ing is a particularly creditable one. Delaware has practically only 400 men in her one small regiment to pick, a team from, whereas most of the other States have from 1000 to 15000 men. Perhaps there is no State with so small a militia and such a limited government ap propriation to devote to rifle prac tice and the development of a rifle team. The team won second prize in Class C, which advanced it to class B, a higher place than ever made by a Delaware team heretofore. Entering the contest in the posi tion of 32nd from the previous year's standing the team returned registered as 28th on the list. The Delaware score at 600 and 1000 yard stages was especially good, only ten teams in the match making a better score at (>oo yards, and only 12 teams heating her at 1000 yards. The 600 and iooo yard stages were shot in a typical Lake Erie "blow," which seemed to bewilder most of the teams and it was here Delaware gained the most on her rivals. The 200 yard slow and rapid fire stages were shot in a heavy mist and had Delaware held her own at those ranges she would easily have gone nearer the top. —Contributed. is of fall Up the in the »that to R. M C. Meeting The Rural Mail Carriers of Del aware met in Odd Fellows' Hall on Monday. R. J. Crow, of Newark, presid ed. The meeting was attended by about 30 carriers. There are now in Delaware 107 routes and 73 of the carriers are members of the association. W. T. Moore, of Harrington, was elected delegate to the Na tional convention to be held in Milwaukee this fall. The annual meeting for the election of officers will be held in ■Jover, I'ebruary 22, 1912. on of in to The five dollar gold piece offer ed by the management of the mov ing pictures for the most popular member of the Newark base ball club was won by "Bob" Mont gomery. W. E. Cole, so widely known as the genial conductor of the Dela ware City train, will speakeatthe Bids were opened by the Levy I Court yesterday for slightly over the two miles o; the Philadelphia and will Baltimore Turnpike road in White Clay creek hundred; Newark and Elkton road, less than one mile, in White Clay Creek hundred, New Sun- ark and Elkton Road, 1 1-2 miles, be in Pcncader hundred, pro- The New Castle County Sunday School Elementary Union will hold a meeting in Newark M. E. Rev. Church on Saturday, September 16, in the afternoon, The members of the New Castle out- County School Commission held : a quarterly meeting in the Ford on Building yesterday . There are j two vacancies for girls who can of : secure a normal school education, j with the assistance of the county. the They would like to hear from ap ' plicants. every I The W. T. C. U. Branch of Wil- 1 Newark met on Tuesday and re plan- 1 elected their present officers for the the coming year. They will hold next their annual supper in the base ' ment of the Opera House Build held ing on September 14. | The Newark School will call at 1.30 for the first two months of the rain 'year, rather than at 1.15 as pre creek viously. mill John Holloway who purchased the Pennington farm east of town one is making a success, was improving the place by building a of tenant house, He is now Mr. Holloway comes from down Eastern shore, the near Snow Hill, and like Virgil regu- Gray, who came up last year and home purchased the Jarmon farm Friday hustler, and is expected to give m. our local farmers some good ideas. is a B I to is in at her fire at WEDDINGS BOWEN—NEWNOM. Last Wednesday the interest at tendant upon a church wedding filled the community when Miss Mabel Elizabeth'Bowen, of New ark and Mr. Joseph Earle New nom were united in matrimony, St. Thomas' P. E. Church, the cen ter of the scene, was beautifully trimmed with potted plants, hy dranges, etc., all harmonizing in accord with a color scheme of green and white. To the strains of Lohengrin's wedding march, played by Mr. Louis Curtis, the bridal party, consisting of Miss Eleanor Bowen, Mr. Robert Mc Lean Carswell, and L. K. Bowen, the father of the bride, advanced to the chancel. The bride was becomingly at tired in a gown of Duchess satin and princess lace, with pearl trim mings and veil. She carried a white prayer book, the gift of her rector. The maid of honor wore green messaline with point lace trimming, and carried a bouquet of pink roses and sweet peas. A reception at the Bowen home followed the ceremony, after which the happy couple left by way of the Pennsylvania, on a northbound train, The groom, best man and two of the ushers are Delaware Col lege men. Mr. Ncwnom is in the employ of the Delaware and Atlantic Tele phone Company. Mr. and Mrs. Newnom returned to Newark the first of the week, and are now the guests of Mr. and Mrs. L. K. Bowen. by now of the Na in the in Splendid Success Mrs. E. S. Avis' Pomeranian, Dainty Betty, who" has already won fame in the Pomeranian world more than repeated her triumph of last year at the Wilmington Fair. Betty herself won a first open and winners and two specials and her tiny son, Dainty Mite, won six specials, first puppy and win ner dogs. In two instances the younger dog won over his mother—a not able victory.