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Delaware gazette and state journal. (Wilmington, Del.) 1883-1902, March 20, 1884, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88053046/1884-03-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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'17 \
Hohn nt lb« Wllk
-N-riio Nltuatt«
A llyliiK .Until
A Brav«
• .hi
Killing IK
President Villard
it is reported that
of the Northern Pacific railroad, bought
h tract of land iu Portland, Oregon, for
$45 000, and reoently sold one-quarter of
it tor $260,000.
Mat*hew Lewis, colored, was hanged
yesterday in St. Louis, for the murder of
his w fe. After the exeoutlou a funeral
to»k place from a oolored ohuroh.
Margaret Garrity, aged 14* years, died
Thursday from the effects
iu Chicago
ul poison swallowed Wednesday week be
cause her mother had given her a scold
The Stockton Hotel, at Cape May
Jersey Railroad
Saturday to William B.
It oost originally
sold by the West
K-ueptou, 220 Waluut street,
phia, for $110,000. '
about $500,000.
Governor Irwin of Idaho, has returned
to lue treasury his salary for the quarter
ending December 3lst lust, atnonuting to
<050. He had already returned hid salary
for the
plauatiou of h u conduct is given.
The Citizen newspaper ol Ilion, N. Y.,
last night printed its whole edition by
electricity, u;ing the Parker eleotrio
motor, derlvlug the ourreut from a Parker
10 light dynamo 15 rods away. It is
the first newspaper in the uonutrv thus
Samuel Herts, a farmer on Line
mountain, Pa., has disocered a 38 luoh
vein of sapphire corundum on his place,
the yield of which is valued at $200 per
. The discovery has sent the price
of the tract up from $300 to $60,000 and
set the neighbors fairly wild.
previous qnarters. No
received at Omaha last week
that Henry Richardson, one of the lead
ing members of the vigilance committee
of Brown oouuty, Nebraska, who
credited with haviug hanged 14 horse
thieves during thelunt three months, has
his home at
himselt b
Morris' Bridge, Brown county. By whom
haDged is not yet known.
A major general's salute
Friday iu Uiioa, N. Y., iu honor of the
passage of the Fitz John Porter bill.At the
same time the following dispatch
sent to General Porter : "The members
ot the Fifth corps that loved you,aud that
you loved so well,
your honor. They feel that Congress has
partially righted the great wroDg done
their old commander."
firing a salute in
Neosho Falls, Kansas,
the oattle
A telegram f'
.1 the excitement there
plague is buhsiding, aud it is reported
that some ptrsons
<innrautlne regulations. It will be im
possible to maintaiu the quarantine many
days longer. The people generally do
not believe the disease
tagioua as the
disregarding the
LipMy ocn
^eonsjjroi ort it.
Tlmre is some fear that another expie
nt the closed Pucahontt-e
;es, in Virginia, and a gnard has been
set at the entrance. The east
which was not affected by tht* recent ex
plosion, will, it is said, be worked again
as soon a* arrangements can be made aud
ployed, probably in a few
days. The resumption iu the west mine,
o ot the explosion, cannot Uk.
I"bs thau two months
ay oo
■ned Keouedy and
, confined in the jail at Sand
i«>, for a post office robbery,
1 killed* the
tided tt(« tcru
sapbd. Kenuud»
a ferry
as to Detroit
yet at large. Kennedy
at O'Callaghan had been shot
wich, Oi
I raiug shot
jailer, I
eh, fatally
A ti.
• tiy captured
key Davis,
by the jailor hl«1 piobably died
of blood after
■apin* f
Christina Ke ; t,lb years of ago,
,l*r-d at her home io Dayton
tiie 19.h of Jannary, 1807. S
ispeoted of the
derer uulil Satur
•lay l
i «.be gin's uroth
ation. 11« said that hi«
)tb**r three weeks ago, when
lying, confessed that £he had murdered
l»er daughter n a tit of passion, h.-i
,- apt.n used.
I, a celebrated half Frenoh
Vincennes, lud , on Ha or
*d 115 years. Uo via« b>ru in
'y aud was never farther than
1" miles fa,m that city. He claimed that
he was horn in France and that he
iu the French revolution; but his niece,
old, says not. Cottee has be
weak miutled since 1838. Ye never went
to hod without rolliug a log against the
Jour ol hi« bedroom, and kept two large
bowic kuiveri on a table near by to pro
bet himself. He carried the brick for
General llarriBou's mansion, built lu
b -tog th**
Pi-rro Cot
i-gro, il l
1(10 ye
The barque Lilliau of Harrington, Me.,
nailed from Baltimore
Havana. While proceeding down tho
Lliesapeake, about 10 miles below An
napolis, O
^tabbed and killrd Mate John Wilson.
The umrderer aud the body
to Baltimore Sunday and th« former
Set fire
The prisoner claims that, the mate
jumped up'jn him aud shot him iu the
Gg with a pistol. P«tersou then stabbed
the mats. He rays the mate's pipe
knocked among
scullljs, which caused the fire. Wileou
resided in Brooklyn, N. Y.
Saturday for
. a Swedish sailor,
cd. It is alleged that Peterson
the VeS3el whlh*
fined below.
oakum during the
« friends
vRitiug at
the Louse of John Cassidy, in Bmoklyu,
■derday ulternoon, Dennis Reilly, aged
' Years, drew a revolver aud pointed it
at Mary Cassidy, saying that "ha wouh
eriz* her." Bhe st-emed frightened,
he laughingly turned pointed
the weapon at u Mies R mnoy's head and
pull d the trigger. There was a loud
report, and Miss Renne? fell dead, a
bullet having pierced her braiD. Rsilly,
«4 petrified with horror,
He «Hid iie
olver was empty. It
pon txamiuing the weapon, that
all the chambers were unloaded except
the one from which the fatal shot had
been fired
who 8«
t'»ought the
to the police.
De it
volumes of smoke began to pour
°ut of the Cooyngh_
Wilkealarrc, about 5 o'olock Buiday
afternoon. Daniel Evans, fireboss of (be
colhery, with fonr miDerp, hastily de
scended the shaft with all the bo
could collect. Before jumping iu the
• age he warned the oiowd ot people who
had gathered around the shaft to retire
to a distance, as
happen. It was
the planes iu the miue
air shaft
something serious might
learned that one of
fire aDd
explosion might ooour at auy
the flames
foment in
tact with the mine gas. No men entered
the mine Sunday before the dis
covery of the fire. A later dis
patch reports that the fire
««tinguished by 10 o'olook Sunday uight
While exercising in (he j ail yard in
Silver City Tuetday week,Mike Le« Frank
Taggart, Carlos Chavez, Kit Joy, Charles
Spencer, aud George Cleveland, a negro,
six of the most desperate criminals of the
southwest, fell on the two guards, from
whom they took revolvers and keys, with
whioh they unlocked their shackles.
They then went to the offloe of tbe jail,
, and walking boldly
out into the street to a livery stable,
mounted and rode away. A posse of oiti
zens were soon in hot pursuit, and when
five miles out came upon the body of
Cleveland, riddled with ballets. Further
the band wag overtaken, aud a pitohed
battle ensued. Lee and Taggart
oaptured, but the others esoaped. Joseph
Laffers, one of the posse, was killed.
Lee and Taggart
got a supply oi
dragged to a tree
on the roadside and strung up. The
party then returned to town, oar ry ing
the three bodies. Lee, Taggart, Joy and
Cleveland robtad a Southern Paotfio train
November 24th, killing Engineer
Webster. Chaves mnrdered a Chinaman,
and had been sentenoed to be hanged.
Bpenoer was a horse thief and murderer.
At flie Dinner of tlie N< w York Free
Trade Elut*.
The New York Free Trad«* Clnb heid
its Bixth animal dinner r.t Dolmonloo's
Bâtard ay night. The tables
Guests from various parts of the country
had gatherei together iu the hop« of
hearing John G. Carlisle, Hpeuker of the
ot Repiesentatives, say something
the principle that gave the club its
name. The tables were beautifully deco
rated and'mueio accompanied the dinere
iu their discussion of the meuu. Among
those present besides the speakoi
Mautou Marble, District Attorney
William C. Beecher, Gen. Christiansen,
ProfeBsor H.QW. JFarnum^.W. C. Floy i
Jones, Btreet Commissioner Coleman,
Colonel B. A. Willis, Simon Stern,
Wheeler Ü. Peckham, llor&oe White,
George Jones, John T. Agnew, K. Ö.
Jatfray and mauy other kuown free
traders. Before the dinner
pieted letters of regret
Senators Bayard of Delaware ; Pendleton
of Ohio, and Book of Kentucky ; Charles
Frauds Adams and Henry Ward
Speaker Carlisle responded to the toast
''Oar Federal Union," saying :
1 should be glad indeed, if I were not
proioundly grateful, for tue very friendly
reception, which is so muoh more thau 1
expected or had auy right to expect that
I feel myself aiment unable to express my
appreciation ter it, 1 am obliged always
tor an oppertuuity of saying a lew words
in reBpuuse to the toast which is assigned
Although 1 will be unable to do
anything like Justice to th • subject I
shall conflue
shall not do
tiou to
read from
yp.tif to it. Certainly I
thau to call your atten
of the most oonspiou
changes offered by the American people
by the Union established 177'J The
formation ot a union, peacefully and
voluntarily entered, the conditions of
which made
relations between the several states them
ives and between them aud the general
government, was undoubtedly one ot the
greatest political achievements of mode
times. It is, I think, eafe to say that in
uo other part of the world could such a
change have been peacefully made at
that, iu time aud perhaps it is equally
!*afe to say that it could not have been
■ie here 2J or 30 years later.
Why and how this Union are formed
are questions whioh it would be
impossible to diecuos upon the occasion.
What benefits, what chauges it has
already conferred upon ns, how it should
be strengthened and, perhapB, all its
p&rtB iuoreaned, are questions which
should bo considered. The old federation
po isessed
in faot, it had no power
to regnlate commerce
justice It had but one of the essential
departments of a real government, '.he
legislative, and even that was defeotive
and almost impotent. Each state had a
right o lay aud impose duties, subj *ot
only to the condition that they should
not iate/fere with the duties entered iuto
by the Unite! States ai d with fon-igD
dical changes in the
of sustaining itself,
impose tares,
to adinini^
«s. There
limitation whatever upon tho power oi
any stale to impose duties upon ;he
oreduots of auy other Am ric.iu state
h ought witl-.iu its limits for con» ump
For *be purpose of protecting its
mannfaotnit.rs the state of New York had
full po*er to impose auy rate ot duty
upon Philadelphia goods and New Jersey
po.-t-essed the same power in regard to
the. products of New York,
li free trade is what it is aud every
if it enables them to overcome
natural disadvantages aud seuiir« a
higher degree ot transportation it rntnt
be admitted that the arraugem-ut ex nt
ing uuder the confederation was a wise
« Le,u d
inrbcd. But the framers of the
tiou—the men who founded tb«< 1'Vhral
Union—did uot think bo. They bslieved
that free trad-—absolnte free trade he
tween the
;d«*d by the hit
hut it
iie thli' cut-jr
if the
ivoly d.
t.i of the
d i
people. It is
•ldents of the
uotrr'çuUtH lüoir o
thoiH being i
state canid
>11 ct with
other stain« that they wqreu«>t fit to tom
p».'ne h nation.
When th-* vote was taken uo other v de
ocordtd against it. This free trade
■dahliabed by the constitution, not
■mly f t trade between'the states then
existing, but between ail the slates that
might thereafter exist
Federal Uciou, hi
that the wouderfn
country 1 b attributable largely
provision, more largely than to any other
thiug. Wi
between the state;
k'S s etdily aud rapidly grown,
different picture this country preß
from what it would Uav«> presented if the
policy of restriction r.nd protection had
prevailed among the stales, as it ha«
prevailed for so mauy years between
United B tat SB aud th- foreign nations.
Uuder the liberal policy established
by the oouetituti
internal communication aud transpor
tation is increasing. Free commercial
intercourse hdtween the states h»H prb
seated the development of
«es, fostered agriculture
faotnre and added millions to the wealth
of the people,while the proU.otive system
has to a large extent, a: least, ph
eut from tin* markets of other oouuU««*
and brought
mands of homo consumption, aud in rnauj
has actually arrested the free
development of great industrial interests
The constitution Dot only prohibited the
states irom laying imports from duties
imports or exports, but it expressly dele
gated to Congress power to oolieot duties
to pay for general welfare. This is
simply the power to raise revenue for
public purposes. It is a monstrous abuse
if not for the purpose of raising
but for the purpose of prohibi'.
iug oommeroe. It is, if possible, a still
greater abuse of that power to employ it
for private instead of for public purposes.
msmbsrs ot the
si all will admit
portation of this
free commercial inte
; commerce
means ot
bstautially to the de
Au luterentliiK Cum«.
Peter Mohr, of Philadelphia, died
Monday of hemorrhago of the luugp.
of age but from his birth
as the "blue child,"
his skiu being of a dark blue color. His
fingers aud toes turned upwards. It is a
•lurious faot that before birth the blood in
the child circulates from
the other through
The moment the newly
ohild breathes, this opening is
olused, aud circulation through tie
arter.es and veins begins. In
however, what is known
njauoss oooars ; that is,
the heart is imperfectly closed, aud the
venons and arterial blo.id becomes mixed.
This, it was generally agreed by the
medical men, was Mohr's oondition. Di.
J. P. Hoitmatter appeared before the
ooroner and asked tor the body to make a
post mortem examination. His request
denied although he stated that he
promised by
12 ye
had been kuown

side of the
for that
heart to
opening in
had attended the hoy for
without charge, having b
the boy's parents that he Bhould be per
mitted to make an autopsy upon the
body after death. The case has exoited
a great deal of interest among phyai
oians and is said to be the first case
known where a person snfferiDg from im
perfect oirculation lived 12 years.
Two 8ol«llora Blow Oat.tbe Gas.
New Y jhk,M arch 13.—Sergeant Joseph
Carter of Company K, Fifth Artillery
to tliiB
stationed at Fort Sohnyler
oity yesterday and pat up at the
Vandyke UouBe. This morning he was
found dead in his bed suffocated by in
haling the gas whioh was escaping from
the Jet. He had evidently blown
the flame
retiring. He
40 years of age
unmarried. Private Wil
Jiam H. Walters of the same oompauy
who was at the Kenwood House w&b also
found in his bed overcome by esoaping
bnt he was resusoitated.
that needs 40 oents worth of
appetite for a 15
whisky to give him
oent dinner always has the dyspepsia.—
Cleveland Sentinel.
Terrible Expl«
lu Focolionl
Vlrginlti, aline
Prteb 5 uubu, Va .Mtc
oil IS. — The New»
special says
reived here « f a
«' j
the coal mines of '■'•.« S nil.west Virginia
Improvement C iupai-y M Pocahauta«,
Taz*well oounty, lids st^te, which
ling at 1
o'clock. Th.* parti, ulars concerning the
y meagre. Nothing has
been learned as to how it oooured, but
known to have been killed.
These mines are worked by a joint
stock company composed mostly of
northern capitalists. Further Intelli
gence from Pocahontas represents the
work of destruction at the ooal mines as
horrible and oomplets. There
iu the mine at the lime of the explo
sion not one of whom is believed to
have esoaped. Those who were not
killed outright by the terrible force
of the explosion most likely perished from
the after damp. The oauBe of the explo
sion is not yet definitely ascertained,
the entranoes to the mine
of bad air. but the presump
of the miunrs
.•cider» t are
tlon is that
struck a fissure filled with gas. Several
parties ventured into the mines this
■ing, hat could not long endure the
foul atmosphere A number ot bodies
w«re discovered horribly mangled,
of them with the headB torn from the
tranks and others with theliinba all gone,
presenting an appalling spectaole. The
work of destruction was not confined
entirely to the interior of the mines, but
houses 200 or 300 feet removed from the
lusta.ioes entirely demolished.
The large ventilator of the south
western improvement company was blown
to atoms, and the mines oauuot be entered
nutll another is ooustruoted for the pur
pose of freeing the atmosphere of the
suffocating fumes.
The work is now progressing speedily.
A large force is engaged on the outside of
the mines constructing ootfins and per
fecting other arrangements for the inter
ment of the dead miners, most of whom
The superintendent aud others
paired to the mineB at
presented to their view was indescribable.
Words could not convey the faintest idea
ot the destruotion that was wrought in a
tdw short seconds. Signs of it
plainly visible ou every hand. The
trauce to the main drift was entirely torn
overturned aud iu eeveral
aud the scene
T! ■
taken up bodily and
torn in part and their iron wheels broVen
and Bhivered. They we
and 400 teat away. The ridge end tin b rs
the ridge opposite this drift waa a
blackened picture
bundled fo
thrown 300
away a e
party found a pair of shoes that had
•t<H, 1
blown to til«
1 »
iudescrib bie shape,
the miu« pr«
appearance to the first. At this point
lived a Uangaris'i family named Giassee,
à shivered almost to
, but the inmates of the house
soaped without serious Injury.
trance ot the fan tunnel
hoso huuau
At the
stood the company's large veiitila*or,
which, with the house around it,
swept entirely away, leaving the engi
and brokeu with pipes twisted.
As indicated, the force of the explosion
ju through
the workshops, aud every objsot that
stood in the direct co
the foundation shattered
terrific. R .oka
i of the forced air
dcmolishel. Several workmen lu
seriously injured, aud tho
the looo
leveled with the
the shops
shops themselves,
motive house, w«
tho 150 men who
iu thd mine
«»f tue explosion, uot
the ourf&ue at this hour (mid
night) to tell the fate of his companions,
d there is uo probability that a single
the t;
.til of tho
Parties who ventured in the mine this
iig di8ooversd sever al
of which
that oi M. L. Hampton, the night fore
man, who leave
family. The
a wife aud a large
«I laborers
K-h Btifioring and sickDe?
oseded this evening iu erecting a fan, and
it is hoped that the removal of the dead
begin Borne time to-night,
though the Kiuell from the miue is still
sickening aud suffocating. About 35
Hung 1 rims are among the victim?; the
fr on this state aud Pennsylvania.
It is pretty well «leteriniued that the
caused by fire damp,
though it Is inexplicable how the hori
zontal coal vein above the water level
could contai a so much explosive gas. The
churches and houses at Pooahontab
draped in mourning and business is en
tirely suspended.
aud white miners
March 14.—The
Unutd correspondent visited the mine
this morning, aod the intelligence of
fire in tho mi
dared venture auy considerable distance
into any oi tho openings. Crowds of men,
with melancholy, blackened visages,
rounded the shops and buildings, dis
Only a few wo
•eu iu the vicinity, and these came
out of cariosity than iu
search of missing relatives. The
indications of tho fiery blast from the
mine on the surface show that it shot
with tremendous velocity from all the
«•utrauoes southeast aud north. Heavy
mine cars, weighirg more than a ton,
otandiug tiOU yards within the entrance
to the minu, were hurled from the mouth
and smashed to pieces against the oppo
site eide of the valley, 200 yards away.
The hot blast ad it Bwept forth blackened
aud scorched everything it came iu contact
with and destroyed numerous buildings
in its uonrne. lwery impediment iu its
way, including trees, trucks aud build
shivered and cleared away,
giue sued was bl
firmed. No
cutje'ug the disaster.
The locomotive
down. The trunks aud stumps of trees
blackened and charred, a:ul hillsides
ed nearly
aud ground
thick with coal dust. The roads inside
the entries were torn up to the depth of
At the lower
east iutske tbe blast
Bevere. The strong tim
bers, a toot square, were driven like
straws across the valley. Every stick of
timber is torn away, and the coal fluted
or rifi.d sides, roof and floor, to the depth
uf several inches, by the force of the ont
blast. At the third entrance, a travel
ing way, the
themselves though a
violent. At the return
ry thiug
appearances preeent
little less
away except the fau engine, cylinder and
foundations. All the evide
show that the blast must have swept the
whole miue aud have quickly dealt d«-ath
to the unfortunate miners. The chart
bas partially covered the
blackened and scorched trees and
with its white mantle, but the oontrast
is rendered still
the discolored earth aud trees
striking where
immediate prospeot of
There is
the recovery of any of the bodies of the
dead miners. It would be folly to attempt
those whioh
of the entranoes
plosion occurred, and before the after
damp had filled every portion of the mine.
discovered to
be on fire by the explosion and confirmed
by the inspection of the experts from
Richmond, who arrived here this
morniDg after a perilous experience in
coming. The opinion is unanimous that
human being is alive and the
atmosphere of the mine would not allow
any person to enter without risk of his
life, loo serious to
sentiment. It
superintendent and engineers to seal np
the entrance at 9 o'olook this morning in
order to check the progress of the fire.
after the
Yesterday the mine
for a
deoided by the
The White Elephant.
London, Maroh 13.—Barnam's muoh
shipped for
board the steamer Lydian
talked of white elephant
New York
Frenchmen Want American Fork
Paris, Maroh 14—The Chamber of
Commeroe of Lyons protests against the
embargo on Amerioan pork.
Me MpeakH of the
Marrlaffe Na«
Baltimore, March 16. —Every Beat iu
the Cathedral was occupied this morning
the procession of priests, Betel
nariaus and altar boys, healed by tl.e
the tanotnary Aruhbtahop Gibbons,
clothed in purple and lac»-, was laßt iu
the line, and was attended l>7 the Rev.
Dr. D. J. (»'Connell, Lie Jate secretary,
and the Rev. Alfred J. Curtis of the
Cathedral. Iu the oourse of bie sermon,
speaking of the conference at Rome, the
arohhishop paid :
held in
of the back rooms in
the college of the Propaganda. Three
Jacobin! and Franoisoa. There
perfect liberty and peace in all the
discussions. Nothing of a political
oharaoter entered the oonferenoe, the
Catholic ohnroh having
oonneotiou with politios. The higher
education of the priests, iu order that
they may be better prepared to battle
against modern scientists who
varianoe with religions belief,
cussed at
God, has nothing to fear from the
advancement ot scienoe.
Another important question considered
the eduo&tion of the Catholio youth.
You know the boys and girls of to day
will be the men aud women of to morrow,
aud their education under the guidan
of the ohuroh is a very important matter.
Marriage also engaged the atteutiou of
the prelates. Upon the sanotity of this
sacrament depend the very lives of the
contracting parties. At present it is at
tacked by two great enemies—viz., Mor
monism and dlvoroe. Many of the other
points discussed and considered would be
out of place
tions of Karope the
present—viz., Blmeonl,
length. The ohuroh of
I to speak of them
I studied the political iustltu
pleased I
God I
, and I hie
I Y Tl
Nom« Old Braudy H'llli a Ulch Body
'Iilladelpliltt Press
Island Shoals, Oa., March 15.—While
Samnei McDaniel, a young farmer,
at work in a field his plow struck some
found that it had
a five-gallon jug, which
pulled out ( f the ground. The j g had a
oork stopper, sealed with
and a pieoe of tin doubled
with a w
perfectly s-s
t.» kuo
stopping the mule. lie
gut in the handle ot
fastening, inafciug it
. McDaniel was anxious
in tue jug and, taking
.tie ►■«! ôcrew « tl lue plow, he twisted oil
tLe wire. This enabled him to take
the oork.
plaoed the jug on a stump,
a.d, applying his lips, tasted the teBt
brandy he had uver sampled. So oapti
ed was he that he drank several
times, ond, at last, the liquor overcoming
him, h»* slipped down asleep at the foot of
the stump. Failing to
dinner, his mother went out to the field
after him,when he was about waking up.
Together they pave the jug another ex
amination, when Mrs. McDaniel's atten
tion was attracted to its great weight. An
investigation showed the presence of
1.900 $5-gold pieces, making a total of
The mystery wa3 cleared up iu a Lingu
lar manner. McDaniel's grandfather
a captain in the Florida war. It
known that he
left. Ou news of his death in
battles with the Indians his heirs could
find uo trace of his money. The fact
that years after his only grandson aod
heir should have found his fortune is a
singular accident. The finding of this
jug bald to the hope that there may he
othere, and the ploughing of that field
is watched with interest.
home to
wealthy before he
of the
The St. Louis Republican says: At
Wanamie, Pa., recently, there
desperate bucking match for $200 be
tween Hial Evans of Port Griffith aud
Bob McCauly. The contest wan a
desperate one, lusting 25 rounds, aod it
is thought one of the combatants, Evans,
will not reoover from the effects of in
juries received. Both men wont into
training some time ago, aud on the
morning when they faced each other
weighed 250 pounds eaoh. Both
possessed of hig heads aud built in
proportion. Iu the first round Evans
bucked McCauly in the stomach,
aud threw him over the ropeB.
A foui was claimed by MoCaniy's
he H«*id he struok
him below the belt. The foul
fosed. Iu the next round both
bucked their heads together,
load that it
d the
thought by
the spectators their heads
not hurt muoh, however, and
fought on. Iu the eleventh round Evans
had his
from the head of McCauly, aud iu the
fifteenth round McCauly had fi
broken in his
Bion. In the twenty fifth round both
came together witli such great h
as to send them back reeling. Evans wi s
knocked insensible, and
to the scratch.
broken by a terrific blow
nth bv a similar colli
nnable to
Hü skull is
fractured, aud he is not expected
McCauly is not iu a
tiou. Thousands of dollars changed
*a bitter oondi
the result.
A Jersey CUlckea Thief Killed.
Wiliam Trusty and his son-in-law
John Stevens, two dusky oitizms of
Balorn oounty, New Jersey, visited the
chicken hciue of Wildon and Luoins
Du Hois
Tuesday week. The DuBoiees surprised
their work and ordered them to
surrender, receiving in reply a shot from
both marauders, Lucius being slightly
wounded iu the
struck. The fire
without effect when the thieves
Trusty, after a Bevere struggle, was cap
tured, being badly clubbed with a guu
during the fight. He
jail the
Thursday night from his wounds. Stevens
also arrested and jailed ou Wednes
day week. The Sunluam adds : "This
affair will be apt to stop ohioken thieving
in that community, as all other means
thau force have thus far proved futile."
Daretowu, that county,
Wildon's breast being
lodged in Balem
morning, and died
Tin* Dred|c«rH FMcapc.
rlcau special.
Ckntrkvillb, Mn., March 15.—Oyster
pirates have beau illegally diedgiug in
Chester river
the side shoals. As
this is prohibited territory, dispatohes
sent to Auuapolis informing the
fishery force of the depredations. The
Leila, uuder Captain Waddell, the
by order,
a known, she succeeded in
had wisely made themselves
her approach. This afternoon between 2
and 3 o'olook she steamed back towards
Annapolis. The oystermeu here deplore
Captain Mitohell's resignation,
plaoed mach confidence in his efficiency.
the depredators
entertained that unless it is
carefully guarded, the Chester river
will be despoiled of its best oystere by
the illegal dredgers.
Tbe Ground IXor Cornea Out.
Those who believe in the gronng hog
point to the bad season since February
evidence of the animal's prophet
soul. The six weeks whioh tbe grouud
hog is said to stay iu the ground if he
his shadow r n Candolmas Day
Batnrday, and the Drnid Hill Park
that day in ful
2 i
ground hog
fillment ot the programme. Indeed, it is
said that he
before the end of the six weeks, possibly
to oast his weather eye abont him. Oa
Batarday he relished the oraokers thrown
in his quarters, and yesterday seemed to
relish the sunshine. Good weather is not
piedioted by those who oiaim to Interpret
his motions.
out several times
Au Enorutoai (Shark.
Panama, Maroh 6.—A shark of_
usual dimensions has bsen oaptured in
the waters of Panama bay. It measured
33 feet in length, as It lies on the beaoh,
and is visited by the entire population,
who oome by hundreds to gaze at the
t fig
l'Ill LAltELR II IA.
a «' Is ti
nul S'
I'lillatlelplilu Pfi|*
111« Allai r.
, March 13.—Jamec Haw
kius, a resident of Wilmington, went to
the laundry of Hop Sing. Twentieth and
Kater streets, about 2 o'clock this morn
ing and attempted to break open the
door. He fired two shots from a
at the Chinaman. He
Magistrate Thorp held him for a farther
From Fr.«lay'8 Every Hveulu«.
arrested and

^j,The rumor reached this oity from Phila
delphia yesterday afternoon that Chief of
Polloe James L. Hawkins had disgraced
his unif jrm by dragging it down to the
garb of a low and common night brawler.
Whenever heretofore Every Eve.mno has
made charges derogatory to Hawkins'
character, he he snappishly asked its re
porters if their sole object was to black
guard a man, and deflantly said that
they might say what they pleased, but
they could not prove it. Yesterday,
however, the mogul of the police depart
ment committed his oilense iu a strange
land, where he was noboly hut James L.
Hawkins, and where witnesses cor Id
be threatened with persecution if they
opened their mouths against him.«,
Aq Every Evening representative was
sent to Philadelphia last eveuiug and a
thorough investigation confirms the
rnmor and oiicohes assertion with
anthority aud evidence. Just when
Hawkins started on his latest debauch is
not definitely kuown, but sullice it to say
that early Wednesday evening he
Broad street station, Philadel
phia,almost paralyzed with liquor and.'his
clothes were covered with mud, where he
had fallen into a gutter. As night grew
apaoe, Jim became so stirred up with the
fire water that his soul yearned for
thing more exoiting than merely wander
ing the streets and drinking. Perhaps
the free and reckless life of a cowboy
thrilled him with admiration, or it may
be he has been indulging iu the five cent
Bloody Gulch and Schuylkill Jaok "liter
tare" which seems to have taken a strong
hold upon the country youth. Be that as
it may, at 1.30 o'olock yesterday morning
he cappud the olimax.
About 11.30 o'olook
haok, told the
show him the oity, and, after
uight, he called a cab
two hoars ot this innocent pleasure, he
Kater and Bain bridge streets,
he said
and did
$5. The latter pocketed the money
and started to mount his seat
vehicle when Wilmington's ohiet asked
for the ch&uge.
"There waB'ut i
Hawkins discoursed at
hack drivers,
Twentieuth street between
he wanted to get out,
so, Lauding the driver
The driver told him
gojcg to be no change."
applying numerous
complimentary epithets and finally
the hack driver became exa°perat«d,
struck the chief on the back of the head
with his whip handle
strumeut knocking him down. The
driver then whipped up his horses aud
Jim arose, after briefly biting the dust
pavement, cringiug under the insult,
which tho Philadelphia hack driver had
dared extend to the ohief of Delaware's
metropolis, aud determined to take it out
somebody. He meandered, with
uncertainty of step, up Twentieth
street with his thoughts ou revenge and
the Da'rowces3 of the pavement, until the
irodest dwelling <f the Celestial Hop
Sing, No. 609, caught his eye. Jim
thought it was a glorious chance to
Bigutty bis indorsement of the weste
hoodlum's cry, "The Chinese must go."
Accordingly, he walked no to the door of
the laundry aud knock d at it twice,
whioh brought the head of the mneh
startlad Mr. Bing over the transom. The
ohief demanded admittance aud
fused, whereupon he drew his
11 ! ! I ■ r Hi
pie of shots in quick
through the traueom, the ballets
lodging in the opposite wall. This
occurred iu the First police district, but
the officers Iu the Fifth district
heard the report, arrived upon
first and march«*d
Hawkins ofl to the Fifth district polije
station at Fifteenth and Locust streets, a
distance ot nine squares from
of the disturbance. 'Sere he occnpi-d
the oell of a oruukard aud slept t e
sleep of a drunkard, until 8 o'ob.uk jet
te, rd ay morning when he
before Magistrate William II. Thorp and
required to give $1,000 bail for his ap
4 o'clock to an
with intent t
the p.ieD«
Monday alteruoou at
'«r the charge of assault
kill Hop Bing.
Pole, who ia a relative of Hawkins,
went his bail, and the chief left Philaci»*!.
phia shortly after 9 o'clock for this city.
"Had yr
prisoner here
Hawkins ?" asked th9 reporter of the
officer in charge at the Fiftli district
«d James
last night.
"Well, I should smile,"
official, whioh he did very significantly.
" But who
" Hawkins doe
id that
," be
't want this to get into
i ;
the papers."
"Oa," replied the reporter with rtf
baud familiarity, "I know Ji
well. I heard ha w
up to see him."
This reply limbered the officer's tongue
and he paid that Uawkius was brought
into the station at 2 o'clock yesterday
morning in a dazed oondition. He
very druub. His clothes
with mud, his hat was brokeu where he
had been hit, and on hiB head
large lump. When searched, a revolver
aud $150 in bills
iu tremble a.id
.. I
taken off his per
He loudly claimed the distinction
of being the ohiei of polioe of Wilmington
an! protested against going into the ceRfl.
His objections
and in the morning he
different frame of mind,
glimmer of his trouble the night before
flitted through his weary brain he rubbed
his blood-shot eyes with a uervless
baud and said to the turnkey, "I haven't
got auy charge to bring against that
Chinamau and I want to go home."
pull iu a ohief of
«rruled, however,
in quite a
As a faint
"It ain't o'ten
polioe," said the officer in charge, aud as
the reporter left ho said, "he (Hawkins)
wouldu't have this get to the Wilmingt
spapers for the world It would ruin
"'here is nothing to distinguish Hop
Bing's laundry from any other managt*!
by specimens of his nationality, except
that it has two 32-calibre bullet holes
the door, which confirms the fact that
the Ahkoond of the Wilmington poLoe
department has been there and left his
" Y
ha '
disturbance," said the
reporter to Hop Bing, who
" This morning laf plast inn,"
laconio reply.
" Tell
all about it," urged the
"Clome to
raises, belle«*," he said;
door, kiokee ;
washee ; he said, 'Lot
said too
you d—u Chinaman ;'
late.' Then Melioau
slon of blitoh ; bling ! bling ! —
said, pointing to the holes and shattered
glass. "Me hollowed perlioe I perlioe
lest him ! lest him ! and they took him
to look up."
The polioe do not know who the hack
said, 'Too
Baid, 'Killnm
,'but the ohiet stated there
in the hack with him.
With reference to the affair the Phila
delphia Timet says : "Hop Sing a pensive
looking Chinaman, sleeps in a room
behind his laundry at Twentieth aud
Kater streets. At 2 o'olook yesterday
morning he
awakened by a terrifio
among his ironiog boards. He rushed
in the lanndry, who
out and found a
sent a string of ourBes and then two re
volver bullets at his head. The shooting
attraoted the policeman
the intruder was taken to the Fifth dis
trict station house. He was exceedingly
drunk and issued a number of inoohereut
orders to the polioeman who took him in
and the house sergeant who reoeived him.
He was well dressed and had evidently
the beat, aud
not outlied the laundry for the purpose
of burglary. lie u'Aimed the hospitality
of Lieutenant Weir
uional co trieey aod submitted wi:h a had
• t»o- (o !*eit;put iu a cell. When Mag
arrived iu the
d tniod o.'U'd not ct.mpr
♦« Vhoro
kin ' duz
bend th • Miuatn
by Hop Sing l:
that he Ltd
> fr«
remarked, cheerfully,
u.ke against
The Philadelphia Pres, t*
L Hawkins,chief of police of Wilmington
tu Philadelphia
: ''James
Wednesday iu
Bearoh of wilder amusemoDt than hiB
city afforded. In the course of the
ening he engaged the services of a
hackman for $5. After midnight,
change from
however, he demanded
the driver. The hack
Twentieth and Lombard streets. The
driver, Hawkins alleges, threw him
out of the oarriage aud dashed
away. Uawkius, who was intoxicated,
wandered down Twentieth street
until, he says, some one struck him a
violent blow on the head. This made
him wild with auger, and on the oorner
of Twentieth and Kater streets he
light in the window of a Chinese laundry.
Thirsting for revenge
something, Hawkins drew his ^revolver
and began blazing away at the laundry,
while Hop Sing, the proprietor, put his
h«ad over the transom of the door and
• eleUially, but vainly protested against
the fusillade.
"The noise of the firing brought to the
scene two ofiioers of the Fifth district,
who arrested him. Magistrate Pole, a
relative of the unlucky chief, became his
security. The frightened Chinamen
thought that Uawkius
their plaoe, but as the prisoner had $125
iu his possession when locked up, tnid
charge do« not receive any credit.
trying to rob
appointed chief oi the
1882, by
VVi wing ton police J
Mayor Wales. B.-fore thut his reputa
that ot a rough wurd politician,
<1 his appolutment
distasteful to
many ot the test citizens of WilmiDgton.
''hat oity seems unlucky in its ohoioe of
high in
position on the police force there is said
to have been robbed in a badger house in
years ago and
ofiicers ot the law,
the elums of this city
thrown naked into the Btreet."
'*8 STORY.
Chief Hawkins giveB the folio wir g
sion of the affair : "I had be
friend home and
taking a
going up Twentieth
street about midnight,to the depot, trying
to make the 12 30 tiaiu to Witm uglon. I
had b«u drinking but not enough to
stagger. Near Kater street I
Low far it
Scked a
I had not gone
after this when, the first thing I knew, I
knocked down. I think the
down struck
(The ohief's hat
side and there
to the d«-pot.
thau a <U.
who knocked
with a
the right side of his
the top ;
side of his hat whioh, he says,
sed by the other blow.) "1 got up and
knocked down again. I had
id anything to provoke the
I got up the seoond time
done or
assault. W
I just caught a glimpse of a
into this laundry ; then I drew my pistol
and lired up in the air. I have explained
the whole matter
all settled. I
avid I don't expeot to
have a further hearing. 1 did not shoot
at th« Chinaman ; I shot up iuto the air ;
I would not
the magistrate aud it
uot uuder bail
Monday to
go up
t to shoot anybody."
On Saturday afternoon Mayer Wales
order suspending Ohiet of
Police Hawkins from duty uutil a thor
ough investigation of the charges «gainst
he made.
it* Itepubllcun i'urly 4'alletl
The following call ha3 been issued by
the Republic «n State central committee,
through Richard Harrington, Ktq., chair
- April 1711».
A state convention of tho Republican party
of Delaware will he hold ai Do
day. April 17th, «'
ing delegate* to tho national Republican con
vention, to bo held at Chicago, Juno 3d next.
The convention will consist of 100 delegates ;
78 to lie chosen from New Castle county, 40
from Kent, aud 42 from Sussex ; apportioned
iu the usual numbers iu the respective huu
preds ami wards. The mode of selecting tho
delegates to said convention shall be as fol
lows, viz : Tho Repub ieau voters of Kent
aud Sussex couuties will astemble at
their usual voting places at 2 o'clock
p. m.. on Saturday, the 12th day of April.aud
edi&tely proceed to select three judges to
hold the delegato élection, and tho judges so
is chosen open the
1 hold the
o'clock p. ru. Iu the
oral wards of tho city of Wilmington, end
hundreds iu New ChhUo county, the Republi
ill assemble at -I o'clock ;
l'2th day of April, and select three judges to
hold the delegate election, aud tbo judges so
selected Khali
»oils for tho election of
-oep tho s
tbo purpose of uommat
selected shall
polls for stud delegate election,
c open until
. on the
' i
id deb-gates, and
until 7 o'clock p. m.
but Republican«, or those pledging a
full support to the ticket nominated by the
national convention will bo allowed to
vote for delegates. The election of delegates
shall he by ballot. Upon closing the pulls
the judges duly choseu shall publicly count
the votes and immediately certify
to tho chairman of tho Slate central com
mittee. The chairmen of the respective
county committees will pleasu give u
the several
counties, aud
i result
dreds iu the
tho city
of Wilmington, of the place of holding the
the seven;! wurde l
f delegates thc-loi
id tho number
each hundred or ward.
to bo voted for
lJy order of tht committee.
« Statu Central
Cbamnuu of Republic«
Committee of Dolawr—
IliirKlare Get a Fall.
A few nights ago a party of burglu...
attempted to break »a the house of J- hn
Gillen at Kennett c^uar«, Pa , through a
second fitory window. They climbed up on
the rotted roof of au old purou and w«-re at
work with their jimmies trying to foi«>j a
window, when the porch fell with a
crash, precipitating the daring thieveo to
the ground. They alighted iu tho tuud,
where they left their impress, and hastily
retreated from tho town iu the direction
of this oity. They were tracked_
distance in the mud. I a their hasty re
treat tho burglars left a kit of tools,
skeleton keys and a general outfit of im
plements adapted to honde entering.
» WlliuliiKloii B«y.
Frank X Moeik of this city, who is
be graduated from the Philadel
phia College of Pharmacy, has secured a
$100prizjin money, for tho best thesis
malt, aud a prize oi
soale, valued at
examination in chemistry. The efforts
for the Proctor priz-* have dwindled dotvu
to two, George W. Cox and Mr. Moerk.
a certificate of merit. Moerk has chances
curing several o her prizes. He
lives it Fourth aud Orange streets and is
a clerk in August Kuhlmau's drug store,
Fourth aud Waluut streets.
apothecary *e
$100, for the best
•cud liest
The Levy 1'onrt.
The attorney^ of levy court, George
Gray, Etq., Friday afternoon gave
opinion that the dog
turned by the time specified by law could
not be allowed. No business of impor
transaoted aud the members
not engaged in committees gave specimen
ohunks of their oratorios! ability,
found much enjoyment in confusing Mr.
Rcthwell who occupied the ohair.
list DOt
Injured Wbllo Filtering a Fburrh.
Isaao B. MoCanlley, son ot Robert
McCaalley, the plasterer, while strug
gling with the crowd to gain entrance to
Delaware Avenue.Baptist Church,Sunday
evening, had two ribs broken and the
internal cavity of his ohcBt raptured by
beiug pushed against a door jamb. He
attended by Dr. A. K. Frantz.
A Fastor Called.
At a congregational meeting held in the
Green Hill Presbyterian Chnroh 2"
Thursday evening, the Rev. U. K.
Walker of Auburn, New York, tt_'
unanimously eleoted pastor and a call
made out for bim by the congregation,
whioh was wall represented at the
I y All the
I UK «I*ei
niable lloi
«! VI
A prominent agent who hap a large
d Iona experience with matters per
r a! «state, and • xpr'Swea him
«.If thoughtfully and ear«fitllv with
rof-rence ti.ereto, stated to a
Journal reprereotative laßt week thaï
nearly all the tenantable houses in Wil
uiiugton would be routed by the /15th oi
March. With reference to the
at which email houses
rented he stated they
very muoh the
those of last year and better than
anticipated as reoently as l&Bt month.
Larger honseB and those of medium
demand than a
year ago aud the rent for dwell
ings of this class has advanced
a trifle. On the whole there
few redactions made by landlords to
teDauts. The demand for the clasB of
houses Just referred to is greater than It
has been for mauy years past. This is
attributed to railroad influences and the
importation of a number of people who
desire dwellings large or of medium size.
The demand for houses has been
ticeably more brink since the flr»t of thin
month, and the agent with a long list of
dwellings to let has reduced the number
20 per cent, since the beginning ot tiie
present week, and the inquiry increases
. The
the time draws
b-r of
, it is indicated, will
removals this
equal those ot last.
With regard to the sale of real estate,It
may be stated that the markets show a
decided aud strong upward tendency,
aud there is a considerable iuijnlry from
purohasers for property,especially for lots
desirably located ami for houses large or
medium sized. This feeling with referene to
the market is strengthening day by day.
The purohaser and seller
past, and the former is making offers
nearer the sellers' prioes than formerly.
The condition of the market is probably
best expressed by the agent in the
words: "There is life iu it which is
imparted by the growing faith of the
people in ti e future."
By the b yiuning of text year the agent
prediuU: "We shall be ready for 500
more properly built aDd well looated
bonnes" which is double the proportionate
rate Philadelphia will build.The demands
will absorb that many additional houses
biyond a doubt. Building operations for
the coming season promise to be
ally active, aDd in all probability
coming to
readily than for some time
sp akiug by the indioations,
honseB will be erected.
As the real estate market here is re
a rather faithful thermome
ter to Wilmington's indnstrial afiairs, its
present condition indicates a season oi
great prosperity. The influences of the
Baltimore <k Ohio Railroad Company
also being felt in the real estate market
aud will oentinne to be.
Investments judiciously made in
be the m
offered in Wilmington.
shown by figures and faots to
profitable opening for capital
Iu Full Operation.
Tho WLauu phosphate wurks at Lau
denberg are now iu full operation, uuder
the superinteudeuce of the former owner.
Thomas Whauu, Jr.
ir N«
%'M |*U|I(
The Albany P,
ites as follows :
The family newspaper is a sort of level
which all the members of the house
houshold meet. It is taken up iu turn
by all, youug and old, aud its contents
talked over criticised and discussed
The individual tasteB of the family in re
gard to reading may be different;
may incline to the "goody-goody" style
of Bnud&y school hooks, others may lean
toward light literature, while
given to heavy reading only. But what
be tLe separate line of reading each
pursues, the newspaper is
open handy volume which ia read by all.
Jtven tho boys aud girls who would
never think of lookiu^ at a book
other thau a novel out of school
hours, get into the habit of glancing over
th«* newspaper, and kuow just where
to look for the departments that interst
them most. It is owing to this fact nf
newspapers being eo generally read, that
they become euch a powerful it fluence
for good or «vil. And it is just for this
that a family newspaper should
be chosen with the greatest care. A
paper that is not fit to he put in the
bauds of a child ought not to be admitted
into the home circle. The seonlar press
wields an influeuoe for good that
the religious newspaper does not possess.
The latter is confined to a certain class of
tiers, aud let it be
duoted and well edited, there is
of people that it*
infidene« cannot reach, for the simple
reason that they do not r-*ad so-called
"religious organs." Not so with the
secular newspaper; it goes iut) all kinds
of homes aud is lead by all kinds of
people. It goes along its way, scatteriig
good seed iu fields never reached by auy
other means. Besides dealing out the
freshest aud spiciest of
that is faithful to its missiou exerts a
high moral influence in its daily cott
-d things the world over.
Right is upheld aud wrong denounced;
good deeds are commended aud crime
exposed, but not brought out in such a
way as to spread its contagion among its
thousands of readers. The inflaeuoe of a
family newspaper for good
great. It wields snob a pow«-r in making
marring the moral lives of its readers
hat it cannot be too carefully chosen.
, a J
il is
I*. Is for the heads of farnili
what papers they admit into the hallowed
precincts of home, aud they must needs
be cartful iu making their decision.
Detroit /r
ION or Ko»
s speaks ib
feelingly : Ojm blowing day last wetk,
when the sidewa.ks
sllliptry a.
stood in f'out of a door
pau .-he held on the icy
, tho wind blew the
man going past paid : "II you will
your back to the wind it will blow the
ash hr from you instead oi
but did not
without losing her
both. "Let
C ifford Btreet and
ashes fro
walk. As she did
coal dost rather freelv
with her tyefl,
Indeed, she cculd not
balance aud th«
f how you,"
said the man, hiid'.y, as he
removed a fur glove aud grasped with a
determined grip the well-filled ash pau.
the walk in
thank.'d hi
throw thorn
this way, aud not be liable to put >
eyes out. It's
rolling til a
log," and he braced h:e back agaiut-t tbe
wind and gave a generous flop to the ash
pau. The woman went into the hcu.«e to
get the ashes out of her hair aud eyes
aud recover her health. When tbe police
had dusted the
him, they took hi
remark ho made
always tell from what «parler the wiud
will bl
off aud identified
home. The only
: "Y
when ycu attempt
advice about emptying
Which it is sc.
ash pan."
The New Orleans Tn
George Alfred Townsend in the New York
how eonthern widows get along iu the
north, I may mention the daughter of
John Bell of Tennessee, who
Union candidate for President in 18(10.
Bhe married Mr. Comegys, the
present ohief justi
died, and although she was offered
maud of Judge Comegys' home, she chose
to open a seminary at Chestnut Hill,
Philadelphia, whioh speedily became the
resort of the best scholars iu the north,
from the well-known perfectness of mind
and manners of its mistress. Henry
WatterBon says that in his boyhood he
was desperately enamored of this lady.
Chicago has become the resort of Ken
of the best pioneers
of Chioago having been Kentnckiaus,
like Mr. Honore, whose charming daugh
tira snooessively married Pot*,
and Col. Fred Grant. Mrs. Pnllman
oomes, I think, of Kentuoky stock. Miss
Bell Marshall, long considered the beauty
of Louiivllle, Is married in Chioago.
lu II»« N I
follows : "As
instance of
ol the
of Delaware, who
tacky belles,
Used iu Tluiea of IN
■ and in Kntldiiiif
net Than In the
ice Than
te II«
cbell loi
change, in which it
ideally not original, the foil' wing in
gunpowder is taken
ling article
the amount of goepo
fare," said a geutlemau who
of powder-mukiug
machinery, and who has made a hobby
of explosives. ''As a matter of faot,"
be oontinued, ''much
burned in limeB of peace than in time of
The average daily consumption of
powder in the United States is 100 tons.
In a battle in which 50,000
rounds each, less than one-quarter of
ordinary day's quota of powder would be
used. Iu the construction of the Uoosao
in the war of the rebellion, and a single
I powder
thau any other single interest. A
quautity is exported and the reBt is used
m civil engineering, in the manufacture
ot pyrotechuios, tor sporting and military
purposes,and by the government in firing
signais and eaiules.
"The manufacture of powder,"
plosive enthusiast, ''is a
identified with the
■fed in' w
is the matiUfao
powder is
fired 40
exploded than
large ooal mi
Tba coal trade consumes
aim- - •
tinned the
flue art. I h
powder interest for 25 yeard, and I have
observed that it is associated with only
the best and highest types of civilization.
Seoond rate nations cannot manufacture
it successfully. Scientific and mechanical
ability of a high order is required in
making first-class gunpowder. The same
is true of disarms. The Chinese
the first to
gunpowder generally, and
it extensively; hut
they still make aud
Chinese powder is very ornde compared
with that ot American
of Euglish
"The Chinese formerly used powder iu
warfare iu those villainous missiles called
stinkpots. A stinkpot has tire general
appearance of a oocoanut. The shell is oi
paper, and is filled with pitoh aud gun
powder. A iuse is inserted at
aud lighted. Iu a lew seconds the mis
site explodes aud the burning pitch is
scattered in all directions. They float,
fuse end up, and, as it is almost impos
sible to extinquish the fuse, you can
idea of the destruction they
capable of causing when tossed
among the flimsy bamboo shipping of the
• Gunpowder and the finest quality of
blasting powder are made of three parts
of saltpetre aud oue part of charooal aud
brimstone in sqaai quantities Iu the
cheaper grades ot biastiug powder,nitrate
of soda is substituted for saltpetre. The
largest beds of saltpetre are iu Hindustan
and for a long time the English had
complete ooutroi
market. The principal deposits of nitrate
of soda are in Cli.li
Fern. Some years ago
Ame'ioan discovered that when nitrate of
soda which is obtained for less than a
cent a pound iu Chili, is mixed with
muriate ot potash, which is produred at
a nominal expense in Germany, the
result is a complete change ol their bases,
aud the products are nitrate of potash,
saltpetre, and muriate ot soda, or
rninun salt. Through this happy
discovery, two produots, each mauy times
valuable thau the original
materials, were secured aud the British
monopoly with its exorbitant prices
broken. The
several oth r
the saltpetre
the bouudariei
'ssential ingredient of
of uitro-gljoeriue aud
plosives, is nitric acid,
very apt to view with feer
aud trembling the erection of a powder
mill anywhere within half a dozen miles
of their homes. They
as a special dash in the face d Provi
denoe, aud firmly expect to hear of the
alter annihilation ot everybody aud
everything oonneoted with it. There is
never any sympathy expressed for a
powder manufacturer whose property has
been destroyed by accident Those who
would be profase in their mauifes
of sympathy at the burning of some
body's tie
similar feeling for a
mill Lad be
to regard it
mill oald never oouoeive a
whose powder
eked, aud who had lost
three flouring mills,
»king of powder is as
s the making of
the price of
And yet the
legitimate a buaiuy
"The fact is, people unacquainted with
the technicalities of powder manufacture
apt to not consider certain points
whioh might cause them to modify their
fears of powder mills. Now, mauy of the
explosives manufactured aud sold as
powder are reaily uot powder at all, but
preparations of nilroglyoerine. Giant
powder, Uecla powder, Her* ales powder,
Æiua powder, Atlas powder, and a dozen
ocher well-known brands are nothing less
than uitro glycerine mixed with
absorbent, such
tan bark, j
narth, paper pnlp, or
dynamite is. TLe
terrible explosions of powder mills of
weich we often read almost invariably
at manufactories ol
the various glycerine préparations.
danger connected with the
manufacture of geuuiue Mack powder is
parativeiy very small. Indeed,
times prove that the rate of mortality in
oh lower thau
railroad engineers and ooal
'ident that
occurred iu the west, where a keg ot
gunpowder in a car load exploded, tear
ing the car to pieces aud scattering the
other kegs over the ground. Aft i wards
fully three-qu «rtera cf the whole number
re picked up intact. If they had con
tained any of the nitro glycerin« prepar
ations the whole cargo w<;uid have been
ploded by the shock.
"The oldest American firm mar.nf«»c
luriug guupowder lias been iu ex stence
nearly 90 years, during which time its
name baa cot changed. Its founder»
Frenchmen. It is not a partnership
a corporation—simply a family. It
is worth probably $30,000,000. The
educated I«
powder maunfac
miners. I kuow of
profeSfliouB in which they will bo of
to the company. At the ago oi 21 they
taken into tho business, but must
sign agreements binding them to never
ask for a division cf the proceeds or
estate. During their lives they are given
all the money they rtquire, and at their
deaths the widows are handsomely p
stoned until the}'
the young
re marry. 8
beotme oivil eugi
cheiuists, some
of the family,
tenue, and
Biontd, and his childr«.u, if intelligent
d capable Drought up to !ol«
father's footsteps.
An «-mploye i
cetpt for ll*grant iLocmpe
bis death his wid.iw is y
iu their
this family
control ot
:ctel*d iu
For y
ity held compleiu
ket, and t
the powder
cru-hiug evtry
turer. Ouoc during the late
d that their mills were iuAdrqiiAte
to their orders, and made what appeared
to b- a vu y fair contract with a rival
manufacturer, by which he agreed to
furnish them within a stipulated time a
large amount of powder, which they, in
turn, were to sell
prof e
the government.
idiately upon the signing of the
contract the powerful firm bought up
every pound of saltpetre in the United
States and contrat ted for all that could
be shipped from Europe for mouths to
e, so that their victim could only pro
this essential material through the
firm with which he had hound himself by
ooutraot. Ruin stared him in the face,
bnt the oompauy released him from the
contract upon his assenting to certain
concessions very advantageous to them.
A New York
n. .i k ■ ■
powder thau this company, bnt the latter
is still the wealthiest in America. Its
factor« of powder Pennsylvania stands
first, New York second, and Ohio third."
in Delaware. In th« rnann
In HookoNslu.
The shoe store of Peter Lafierty, Hook
essin, was broken into on Batarday
ing between 1 aDd 2 o'clock and about
$25 worth of boots aud shoes stolen. The
thief, a negro,
bors who disinterestedly watched him
paok up the booty and leave the store. A
description of the thief was given the
took out a search warrant and will make
investigation of the house of the sus
the strength of whioh he
K 'Kill
ka'M 'lollettoa.
«I si
«—51 1
«. ModJ«
New York, March 14
Small bonnets
le in spring mil
ls to the bonnet
Weller's seasoning was to the
pie. It ''does it.''There is moreover
top knotted
liuery, and the top knot i
what S
ision iu theBe top-knots and ten
longer j incline to the left
again a formal bow
of velvet ribbon plaoed in front,the ends
brought simply down the; sides and end
ing in strings. The prominenoe of velvet
ribbon is iodeed n marked feature and all
notable as it is the warm season
that is being provided for.Not dark shades
aud bright alone appear ,bnt delicate
pinks, pale blues and white of different
tinges, brought forward perhapB with a
view to effective contrasting with the
manifold gauzes and crapes which
likewise to
Ten to one, the
to one, they
aide. We often
I hi
have a monopoly in millinery.
bonnets show these
crapes, for the most part made of them,
handsome founda
tion such as gilt for example, which
gleams through. Again these orapes
so richly wrought that that they glow
with a Solomon's glory and need no ac
cessories. Forty-five dollars per yard of
tremely narrow width is; th« price of
of highest type, "and wh«D I come to
edging to matoh and finishings,
where is my profit ?" asks the milliner
with melancholy air.
These crape3 must not, however, be
always crinkling with the
orthodox crinkle of crape. They may
may not,mauy showing ribs aoroBS,others
covered with fanoy figures and the only
title to the name crape being the semi
medium size
Small flowers
used in bunches and
side with
sometimes set slightly
feathery pompon. But a gaily deoorabîd
crape scarcely needs the addition of a
ing bnttertlies
oonstantly observe
something akin with hover
dragon flies above. Frail
looking these,but extremely fashionable.
Straws of oourse oannot be dispensed
with, yet
at present seoondary to
these rich little crape.oreations and
very large
not with wide brim. Bat fashion
hats of material chiefly, aud it
is oustomary among those who
separate bonnet with e&oh dress, often to
have a bit of material to matoh in the
bonnet it not made entirely of it. So
mach is this the
to orown bat
that a military
looking hat for young ladies, the Young
Guard may be made of brocaded goods.
Watering plaoe belles will look like
animated flower gardens
will waft their sighs
very floral
goods. Attendant beaux
yards of tempt
ingly portrayed raspberries, cherries and
other small fruits to say nothing of holly
sprays, acorns and the like- Blue stook
ings may choose from a variety of geome
tric figures, and sometimes the two ideas
combined,as for example where grapes
divided Into equal parts contrasting
strongly with eaoh other. Yet
forest branches severed
by the woodman's axe and having the
heart aud inward grainings exposed to
view, while interspersed among all these
varities of pattern
iridescent beetles
cotton goods Buch
Tailor made suits of thin bison doth
very stylish, but light flannels also
tailor made will be in large demand for
muruiug and traveliug. The revival of
poplins marks a
but these
humming birds,
butterflies. AH this
sateens, lawns
iu drees goods,
notable than im
perial cords iu whioh the rep of the fabrio
parallel with the selvage. These
will take precedent of the ottoman rep
running crosswise. Fine armure and
basket goods are again imported and
hmere and camel's hair will be sought
after, not only in dark colors but in deli
cate tints for evening at watering plaoes,
where finish will be given by lace and
Swiss or India lawn embroideries.Of great
the tribes of
'a vell
oloth and albatross. Plain,
checked, decorated with floral and other
figures, i
importance too
sheer wool goods, snob
mg, Kyb
plaids, stripes, embroidered,
d I know not what, they will
immense quantities and for
casions. Then there are the
he sold i
almost all
standard summer Bilks in narrow stripes
aud checks; handsome styles of India
and China silks with oriental tig
Canton ciapus aud crepe de ebene. Ele
gant dress patterns contain some yards of
plain wool or silk with complement
wrought iu old Germau oross-stitoh pat
terns, in Italian needlework aud South
Kensington stitch. Here is shown forth
idea applicable to all olasses of goods,
xctpting cotton, and that is a relief
as contrast to the deoorated
of plain stull
with figures.
White holly, earved
made into imitation
— or painted, is
ivory ornaments ior
oloak and dresses ; a set consisting of a
large drapery pin, bnttonB of two sizes
for ba^qu«* aud coat, and also bnckles
best«Ted anywhere. Stray locks of hair
kept iu place by the old fashioned
side o >uib, u bile above a flattering hum
ming bird may be se
attached to a hair
Auo'.htr usefal ornament is a tor
with crystals,
also be plaoed at the throat
neck dreesing,
toise «hell hair pin
since it c
utilized iu the hat
a permanenoe. A
series ot p* mphleta is issued this spring
by Lord & Taylor, thus giving fresher
information than is possible in a cata
logue. Each Is devoted to some special
, and in sending, therefore,
l idea concerning what you wish to
know. Old and musty looking paroh
paper is considered extremely
stylish, but tbe ragged edged is still in
favor. Formal invitations are. however,
engraved of white paper fitting in a
:velope of moderate size.
As "Nadine" i
"Nadjrzda" Modj-ska app**
a b-autiful toilette of brocade, shaded
from deep orange to pale yellow. Square
ne.-k, train and sleeves of brocaded gauze
with deep pointed apron front and partial
bod:c** of thd B
white moire antique, with heart Hhaped
neck, short sleeves, train and rioh orna
acd green leaves.
A pretty contract is given by a basket
she «•
play of
first in
. The second is a
mentation of white
*s which oontains several bril
liant b»uqu-'tfl. The third is a blue satin
white train, pqu
ck, elbow sleeves
d Hu« hat with wide brim rolled back
id«. T;*o fourth is a walking
dretb of giay «ilk with black laoe
teKt and black bmnet.
■ Mat.
1 UAi
ul Mar
Prevent Their
on, March 12.—The following
has b
sent to ail United
ton >-y* and marshals ;
the district attorneys
ui'clihl- of the I tiited State« : By Uiroe
of the l'roRideLt 1 have to inform you it
I« reported that ceita n persons arc aiding in
the prosecution of heinous crimes by shipping
to foreign ports explosives dangerous 1 '
highest degree to life sud property,
proof has been adduced that tins
1884.- To
rumor ia
founded upon fact, and tho Proaident eau
believe its truth. The honor of this
'er, requires that it
ho open to the
putatiou, unfounded though it be,
of the slightest appearance of tolerating such
crimes, w hether to bo committed against our
people or those of other countries. Your
attention is therefore called to soctious 5353,
6354, 5355, 4*278 aud 4273 of the revised stat
utes of the United States, which regulate
tho shipment of explosives, aud the punish
ment of those who infringe their provisions,
and you are instructed to te diligent
efforts to prevent the offenses described, and
to detect and prosecute thoso w ho have
may commit them. Very respectfully,
Benjamin Harris Brewster,
Heavy MIU Robbery lnl'besier.
Cu ester, Pa , March 15.—The dry
goods store of Joseph Deerlng
last night and
valued at over $3,000 were stolen. There
olne to the thieves.
4,000 yards of silk

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