OCR Interpretation


Delaware gazette and state journal. (Wilmington, Del.) 1883-1902, October 08, 1891, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of Delaware Library, Newark, DE

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88053046/1891-10-08/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 6

ROASTED BY A PIPE'S SPARK
Shocking Death of a Woman
Smoker.
HUSBAND AND SON DISTRACTED
They Both Attempt to End
Their Own Lives.
Th« 8on Taken Throe Times Prom tho
Railroad Track When 11» ITnrl Ooiio to
Moot Death—The Woman Dios In Great
Asony.
!
Mrs. Hannah Evans, aged 42 years, of
No. 1910 East Thirteenth street, was
burned to death on Sunday afternoon,
beforo any assistance could rescue her.
The woman lived with her husband and
three small children, and, at tho time of
the fatal accident, these children w
off to Sunday-school and her husband,
it Joseph Evans,' was asleep up stairs.
.Mrs. Evans was an inveterate smoker,
and after dinner she proceeded to light
her pipe, throwing tho burning match
v upon the floor. For a time she stood
if' smoking away, the smoke rising in col
umns over lier head ancl filling the
W: corner of tho room where she was stand
ing. Suddenly she becaino aware of a
burning feeling about her limbs and
|, .body, sho said, and then for the first
I* time she realized that her garments were
j|: afire. Still sho did not. move from tho
\ spot where she was standing, and seemed
$1- riveted to the floor by terror. The red,
I. glaring flame was fast enveloping tho
Hr. woman's body and her predicament was
I
■;
rfu
I
Finally the spoil was broken and with
wild, piercing shrieks that aroused the,
neighborhood Mrs. Evans rushed out
into the yard at tlie rear of the house.
The moment she stepped out into the
open air tlie fury of tlie sheet of flame
increased and swiftly the woman
being burned to death. Two neighbor:«,
Daniel Fletcher and Thomas I
were attracted by the woman's
J and seizing two strips of carpet they
vaulted the higli fence in the rear of the
premises and clapped them about the
woman's body. Tho carpet also caught
fire, but through tlie desperate efforts of
. the rescuers the flames were, subdued.
The tiro had already performed its
• deadly mission, how
woman stood slinking with torture, the
quivering flesh having been Utterly
baked and roasted. Every stitch of
clothing was burned from lier body.
The odor arising from the buked flesh
keenly perceptible to all.
With a remarkable effort Mrs. Evans
* walked into tho house, more dead than
alive, and fell down exhausted on tho
floor. Her suffering was dreadful to
witness.
The husband was aroused from his
stupor by the noise and came dreamily
jdpwn stairs. The moment lie beheld
his wife burned as black
exclaimed: "My God, Hannah, how did
> 3 r ou get burned like that V" Tlie woman
was then barely able to detail the cir
cumstances of tho awful accident.
Meantime a message was being sent for
;Dr. John P. Pyle and another for Dr.
.Georgo W. Mann. Both soon arrived,
Jbut could do nothing to save the pa
tient's life.
l *'*The woman lingered in great agony
'antii 5 o'clock when death removed lier
from all suffering. Previous to this,
however, she called her three children
to her side—Reese, aged 8 years, Mary,
aged 11, and Levi, aged 16—and kissed
them one by one, stating that she was
about to enter another world and bade
them take good care of themselves until
mother and offspring should meet again.
She also said good-bye to her husband,
in a calm, deliberate manner, and
charged him with the care of her chil
dren. With these last # wishes she sank
back on her couch and in a few min
utes
houso shortly after his wife's death and
declared that he, too, would follow his
wife by suicide. He returned, however,
late in tho evening.
Coroner Snarks took charge of the
body after the shocking accident be
came known and gave a certificate of
«death from causes as stated above. The
childern during the night were given
«belter in the house of S. B. Springer.
It was stated afterward that the de
ceased woman was addicted to laudanum
•drinking, and it was thought that while
in this stupor the flames made their first
headway. She frequently walked about
the floor in her sleep, it was said, tlie
terrible habit having so taken posses
sion of her reason. Her liusbaad is a
painter at Chester, Pa.
As soon as his mother's death
made known Levi Evans, aged 10 years,
determined to commit suicide with his
father and three times was he taken off
the railroad track
in am«
l the
cinder he
I
I
a corpse. The husband left tho
V
I
the Pullman
palace car shops where lie was bent <>
self-destruction by throwing himself in
front of a 'locomotive. JIL little sister
suffers tlie loss of a linger, mangled by
some machinery whilo working in a mill.
The remains of Mrs. Evans
terred at 3 o'clock Tuesday afternoon in
Rivorviewcemetery. Undertaker Dalmer
had charge of the funeral. Funds for
! collected by
per at Thir
paying f<
Samuel Beck a sal
teentli and Hcald streets, fiy Mrs. Be
son, a*charitable neighbor, ana by the
Rev. II. S. Dulaney of Kiugswood M.
Vi. Church.
the burial wer«
JOSEPH EVANS STILL MTHSI1
II« Lea
>>l«l
YVoin
Nothing hi
Hi» <1
I» the Clinr!
ri»l of tho i>cc«
>r
«fi
been heard of Joseph
ife was burned to death
t Thirteenth street Sun
Ev
at No. 1019 1
• day afternoon. Since tho
; Palmer's undertaking establishment the
same evening very much excited and or
• dered a coffin.
Since the shocking'nccidont'Cm which
Mrs. Evans met her death
ing a pipe,) the house has been totally
abandoned by tho living. If any one
had entered the house in the dull hours
\ of the night lie
(
rouldjiavu discovered
in the rear of tlie house,
mall
canine blind from old age,
front room the corpse of M
reclining on a small couch. !
lias c]
house except the undertaker who took
charge of the remains.
The three children have been left to
the charity of neighbors, otherwise they
■would have perished from him;,
neglect. The father has not been homo
look after the little ones, although
charged by the dead woman in the last
hours of lier suffering with thi.:, her
only request,that he care for the children
after lier death.
There is no furniture in the house,
bedstead or two
curpetlcss.
ud in the
day evening
♦ >,
.
excepting probably
upstairs, and tlie floors arc «
Tlie half-starved dog lies in o
of the room as if slowly
time when he two must "shuffle off this
mortal coil."
In fact to relieve tlie poor c
ing from hunger and old age, whi. h has
'impaired his eye sight until both eyes
are closed, sympathetic neighbors have
determined to dispatch the faithful
guardian of his (lead mistress with a
bullet as boon as the remains of tho de
are carefully interred i
•aiting tlie
I
uffer
the
!
cemetery. The old watch dog realizes
that something has
home, and at times
at night.
The three children of the dead woman
have been taken into the household of
charitable Mrs. Springer, but a few
doors away, and have been given food
and clothing by their benefactor. One
of the children, Mary, aged 11 years,
suffers the loss of a linger upon the left
hand, which she had cut off at the Wil
mington jute nulls about six weeks ago.
The child was then but 10 years old, yet
sho was employed in this establishment
along with
age. Thero is some talk of putting 1
child in the hands of the S. P. O. 0., as
tho matter.it is claimed, needs the atten
tion of the society.
gone wrong in tho
ho piteously howls
■oral others of the same
this
WHERE DANDER IS IMMINENT.
The Eastern Apimmcl
Bridge Unlv
The residents living over Eleventh
street brldgo in tho Ninth ward coin
plain that no arc lights shed their rays
on either approach to the bridge and
that these approaches at night ure en
veloped in darkness. This state of
affairs should not be, the good citl/.c.
contend, and they earnestly desire that
the Levy Court shall speedily erect tho
large reflectors. Tho eastern approacli
to the bridge ia extremely dangerous
after nightfall and no railing prevents a
careworn traveler from being precipi
tated down into the abyss below were
lie so disposed. Then would result a
damage suit which in the end might
prove far more expensive to the county
than if the Levy Court were to have a
railing put up at the extremity of tho
bridge.
An examination of the danger spot
Tuesday roveaied the fart that the
complaints had good grounds upon
which to rest their fears, and a remark
able fact it is that
suited thus far. Were
proach the bridge fr*
well to the right in
Hevnntli Street
ert.
ally Cande
accidents have re
ft person to np
the east, keeping
so doing, instead of
stepping upon the end of the bridge he
would find himself stepping into space
and in a few moments would be whirl
ing over and over to tho bottom of the
Brandywine river bed. Realizing this
danger the residents living over the
bridge have at last lodged their just
complaint.
It AIL II*.
I r EXTENS
)X.
Pr.
out Kxtcn
i iiijm ovciicnts i
tho City Railway C«
It is understood that
ly company intends
Pany.
hat tlie city rail
lore immediately
along
con Front ami Fourth
streets. This will allow extensions on the
north to Eighth street, thus connecting
witli the electric line, and southerly lor
the Maryland avenue e *
In making connect!
side, it would not be t
unplisfi is the junet
••ith the
J to lay the
oe street along Fourth to
s accomplished, at
t, by the Front street
o Vandevcr
h street the proposed
X with Third stre
Mo
Marke
s such
for the pros
lei
Along East Four!
extension would oi
at the bridge, thus
residents of south Wilmington.
A quantity of railway materiul is already
received, and it is expected that Contractor
Jeremiah Mahoney will commence work
ring the needs of
early date.
A «
orter.
Editor Goutte: The following appeared
mg other things in an editorial in the
date :
as
mg News of
b
lav
reputation ol
well-known and reputable
Mr. Geo. It. Matoa
<1 Mr. Willard Hall 1*
these respectable citizens It was alleged,
ghly responsible informant,
not by
n ho
«•ly rep.
•Id him,
o merely rep
at certain nameless
McKee
by Mr. McKoe htm
iniormant
him,
self î
:• 1
id
tbat both Mr. lia.
■1 •
.
ally withhold monoy contributed in tills city nnd
lu Now York city for tho political
Democratic party of thi»
for» they could not pay for
of tax receipts which
party purpose»
eleetlou last N
were bound to pay
swiudlo the county of New Oastl«« out of this
precise »um of money, for which the county re
ceipt* had already been
undesignated und ut
tho political Integrity of Mr. Ha
Porter In rosp
salted.
»e of
■1 that there
|1,700
had obtained for
•Koo Just b»(
ad for which
tlifl
oj
ere willing
e authority of the
Democrats ih
Mr.
Jluanci.-ii
As far as it relates to
and m«»st positively to
the sligiitest i mummt io
time, or in
circumstances
ae I desire at
:pudiato and «leny
ii that 1 ut
ny manner, or under any
withheld money contributed
in this city. New York city, or any other
other
place for the political use
use of the Democratic u
if any person or paper :
statement I will
criminal proceedings befo
tribunal.
Wilmington, Del., Oct. 7,1891.
,... .y of this 8.».w.
should make such a
•st tho mutter by
re the proper
Hall Pc
WlL
Park .Hatter» Dlscnssed.
The regular stated meeting of the
Board of Water Commissioners was held
Tuesday afternoon. The committee
on Eden Park was directed to have
toilet rooms built i
of $285.
Delaw
the park at a cost
A bid was received from tlie
• Hedge Company, offering to
build a hedge about the vari<
$2.25 per rod.
parks at
The bid was accepted
for hedging in Ed
Park.
ware it Atlantic Telcplic
asking when tl
Ken
•cd from the Delà*
»no Company,
as to bo
the telephono
constructing their
committee decided
iet the telephone company and
djust tho telephone trouble.
lway w;
started t<
company propos
line. The oxocuti
i •
•> Hunt of Her Husband.
York Herald Tuesday said :
■as at police
vith her two
The Nf
heailquarto
g chili
yesterday
aiting
corning the whereabouts of h
l John, who
liusba
she believes to I
family liv
.. ., ..Wil
*ti, Del., where Makow.-ki worked
Pullman <
(_• lie re ost
BhO|
Hibly to go to worl
A
onth ag
lie e:
ni' shop. Ho had sent his wife as his
'~ No. 105 Gt
Id re
•. On lier
yesterday she
omid until she l\
-l there
« ;••
lie
as then «lire
1 to 1
•hire
the family is b
wed 1
The
! holle V«
M<
Tlie
Men's
hoi
TT
•hicli
Philadc||
abut
«••;
presenting Kh
ith
euibership
I Philadelnl '
»f
Now York
..
•ich.
loties «
•«id
cad a
disci
of
ms of the oven
tiiflbrdnf Haiti
I!
ter
The I
D. J
it lie i
Mr. !
Of Newark and
Mi
Mash«
appointed
l î
i:.•
pope asking the apo;
.
blc>
With T
Ml:
ih«
oi
th • Am
d
The foilin'
• ing tabic shows the s
ding of
H
r,
*
? I
d ;
VS I
71
Clubs.
3 P I
o j 6
Athletic
2 13
» l'J It >0
l.
ii
S 13 113
5 — Vi
■j in
Ll.UiHVl.l0
-
0 C5
•!.
10 —
li II
. I.«
Wu
0
(James lost....trt (H U 76 81 74 63
6*9
HAIFAJI'S QUEEN DYING.
Serloi
Political Complications Apt to
Follow
er Demise.
San Fkanoisco, Cal., Oct. G.— Thesteamcr
Belgic has arrived hero with
Hawaiian kingdom.
Queen Lilinokalani is at the point of
death. Her physician has pronounced her
trouble organic disease of tho heart. The
queon had been advised of the worst.
Her death will bring about the most se
rious political complications, and already
wirepullers are at work to secure control
of the islands in tho interest of England.
Honolulu newspapers dare not print
word of what is transpiring, but tfic people
are in a great fever of excitement.
Americans in Honolulu will make a des
perate attempt to prevent the islands from
falling under British control. The father
of tho heir to the throne, who is an Eng
lishman. will work to his utmost in them
sts of the British. Americans will take
advantage of any lapse of time to prevent
Princess Kalulani from taking the throno.
The natives are in sympathy with tho
Americans and want either a republic
annexation with the United States.
The Hawaiian» feel no loyalty toward»
their native ruler, who has foreign hi
in her veins. The situation ia so critical
that the presence of two or three war ships
froin the United States is an absolute ne
cessity. Oucen Dowager Kapiolani is also
dangerously ill with paralysis, and may
•lie at any moment. The English minister
is tho bosom triend and companion of
, the father of tho noir to the
Kalulani.
from tho
î
Mr. Clegho
ttm
Americans have s<
wlmt is to be done, and
tions to organize and
knowledge of
taking precau
arms sufficient
protect their rights. Tho general elec
tion is rapidly approaching, and exeito
*nt is at a fever heat between rival
political factious.
A DUTY
PENS.
The Failure lo Stamp Them Brought to
the Officials' Attr
Washington, Oct. G.—Tho Spencerian
Pejt Uompany of New York have repre
sented to the treasury department that
Messrs, «»allot Sons A Brothers have
cently imported pens not stumped in
ith section G of tho tariff act
<1 are preparing for larger shipments of
such pens.
The Spencerian Company was informed
in reply thut. no importations of pens have
been made since fast April, with the
ception of one invoice from the manufac
tory of Gillot A Son. entry of which was
allowed without being stamped, bocause it
was imjKissible at that time to prepare the
•ccssary for stamping,
privilege granted under these condi
Assistant Secretary Spaulding says,
extend to future importation nor
is the treasury department disposed to re
lieve imports from tlie penalties of no.,
compliance with the law except under the
most ample evidence that such
plianco w
Tlie
tions,
does
voluntary.
WOX'T COME TO l
E FAIR
Italy Ha» Deridol T
Car« for the Clilnigo Exl
London, Oct. 6.—The Puris rorrespond
of the A 'em telegraphs that the replies
to the government circular would i
a dearth of enthusi
of F
into
ong the people
m the matter of »ending ex
e World's Fnir to he held in
Chicago. Manufacturers generally, us ex
pressed in their answers, regard the in
vitation of the United States, following, us
it does, the adoption of the new Ameri
mere mockery. The
chambers of commerce at Bordeaux, Lille
and Roubaix report that not u single in
tending exhibitor has yet applied, and
those of Lyons. St. Ktienno and Itoann
report only one applicant each. A majority
of the chambers of commerce merely n«»te
the absence of applicants. About 1001
manufacturers and
announced their intention
goods nt the fair.
Italy has decided not to take any part in
the exhibition.
hibits
iff.
have
exhibit their
THE BLAINE DIVORCE SUIT.
vert y Plc«
1 l»y tho Husband, TVlio
it» th» Child.
«
Sioux Falls, «S. D., Oct. G.—The answ
in the famous divorce suit of Marie N
Blaine against James G. Blaine, Jr.
served upon Mrs. Bkiii
for a decree of divorce
child
s today. She asks
i custody cf tlie
d suitable alimony. Mr. limine, in
only, denies that he des
claims that she deserted him. He
that he has
■d his wife.
but
pleads poverty, and urges
income of but 12.000 n y
cease the 1st of December
a plea for the custody of the child. Thor«
will probably be a hard fight for the child
who resembles his grandfather.
■ !l
xt. He makes
IN GENERAL.
Ex-Mayor Bole of Corry. Pa.,
milled suicide in Oil City, Tuesday. It
as despondent uv*
unsuccessful investments.
Tho Greenwood Stamp Quartz mill,
Doadwood, South Dakota, has been <lc
stroyed by fire. The mill oust ?15u,00t),
and was insured for only 510,000.
At the meeting of tlie presbytery of New
York Tuesday the charges against the
Key. Dr. Briggs were formally served upon
him, and the trial was set down for Wed
nesday, November 4th.
Daniel Chllcoat, aged 14 years, of Orbi
sonia, Pa., fell from a tree while nutting
Tuesday, ami was instantly killed, on
hearing ot the accident "tho lad's mother
a raving maniac."
Frank H. Bigelow, at one time professor
of mathematics and astronomy in llacijio
College, Wisconsin, im» been appointed a
professor in the United S
bureau of tho agricultural department.
Tlie rescuers of the Richards
stated that lie w
I
collierv
ile
Carbon, 1*«., have giv
ing the
»rk i
hop
of res
uitombed
ali
I :
• !•>
— owing
N.ndftion of tho roof.
to the
The \\
•lu
Christi»
Tempe
York Tuesday bv a s
ini
refer
•«I to tlm committee «'>
--•;
cnngrutulnting Mrs.
land o
lie birth «»fi
preliminary stops
re taken in the
Oh
minibus on Mo
: i '
U
::
lie Frank I i
.
'
'
.
sti
ility of tlie A
public ad
î li
ballot 1
Tli
.
hi
mil Judj
< »nv
t!«* hi;
final
the v
•r of
~~.fi Of Mrs. Honkins-Searie
tlmt. the estate in Cnlifuruia is
He
vuiu.nl
Adiat
ii from Now Orl
tlm
William Edgj
I Mol«
«If
duras, has just clicd of
British Ji
How
:
.. wife died
1 that the »r«
fc
u

! .
>r New York, Il
: of the Demo
:«l ns
Tl
f the
H
.»•
:
id th
be tins ruling spirii
Hall is
This \
t bereft
Tim Depart
tin
ary to his view
u le
•f
ate h:
ation «»f tho United
of tho «»
f«»
I'.ii
four A
Pc
it
tlm
a pi'«air
iad<
then
caped wilti
il bctrnn
D. C'. if y«
the loss «>f all Un i
The 1
r Ä.
l
day. This will bo tint st
tli ■
kiml in the ids
•y <>f tic church, the tirs;
having been held i
Lundi
10
All bn
dies of th
wi bv 500 «Idee
Inircli will be rei.re
louncil will be
r
fined*
li
I ■
be no
legislation. N
de!«
anizati
•ill be
i !
W.Chinm»
f An
F
»rk. Utah.
Monday.
swindled bv
!
litii
hip
• i
■Ut
cattle, t'hipman hi
sell. Smith offered
not have tlie
I and offered t<.
; Kansas City if he would go there with him
I to sell the cattle. They were shipped In
Smith'» name, who sold them, pockcte«!
the money and disappeared. The cattle
ere value«I at $1,00«!.
tbs.
go««! price. Ife did
■ith hi
ho said.
U
Oriole Social Club will give a recop
- - November 13th in Rosslter'i
tion on
academy.
METHODISTS
THE WORLD.
All Branche» of the Church Will
resented in Washington.
Washington, Oct. 6.—To-morrow tho
Ecumenical Methodist Council will
begin its sessions in this city. Once be
fore in the history of tho church,founded
150 years ago in England by tho Wesley
brothers, have tho branches springing
off from tho parent stock come together,
and laying aside all differences and
avoiding all schismatic discussion, lis
tened to lhe suggestions of tho host men
of all divisions and sought to lind means
to promote the common cuuso and the
common good. That was in London 10
years ago, and so fruitful was the seed
then sown and so abundant tho ensuing
harvest of good works that It was re
solved to reassemble for conference at
the expiration of every decade.
Tho council which convenos hero to
morrow is therefore tho second in the
history of the Methodist church. All
denominations and brandies of this
great church in all parts of tho world
will bo represented by 500 delegates.
No loss than 200 of those
pected
to come from tho British division, tho
oldest wing of the Mothodist church,
including in its ranks, besides ecclesias
tical dignitaries, many statesmen of re
nown and men of world-wide scientific
and legal ability. Thero will also ho
delegates (representing 12 distinct
branches of Methodism) from France,
from Australia, from Ireland, from
South Africa and from tho West Indies.
Thon, more numerous in sectional divi
sions, thero will be 800 delegates from
the now world. They represent 17
branches of tho Mothoclist church
this continent. These delegates
classified as follows: Mothodist Episco
pal, 126; Methodist Episcopal Church
South, 64; African Methodist Episcopal,
18; African Methodist Episcopal, Zion,
15; Colored Methodist Episcopal, 9;
American Wesleyan.0; Union American
Mothodist Episcopal, 8; African Union
Methodist Protestant, 3; Methodist Pro
testant, 9; Free Methodist, 3; Congrega
tion Methodist, 3; Methodist Church,
Canada, 24; Primitive Methodist, 3; In
dependent Methodist, 2; United Breth
ren in Christ, 7; United Brethren in
Christ, (old constitution), 2; British
Methodist Episcopal, 3.
So 29 divisions of the Methodist
church will be represented in the council.
Among tho American churchmen are
many bishops. Among the English there
tho oflioo is unknown to
none.
them.
This council, like its predecessors, is
to be confined to discussion. F
nnturo there can bo
delegate or organization
by what is said
its
legislation. No
will be bound
dono here. The ani
mating purpose is to bring out the
brightest and most practicable ideas of
tlie most thoughtful and wisest repre
sentatives of the church, and the appli
cation of these ideas will be left to tho
discretion of the separate divisions. The
most radical difference to be noted be
tween tlie coming council and the
held in London is revealed in the list of
subjects selected for discussion. In tlie
first council "Methodism" formed the
principal topic of discussion, in this
council the programme has been divorsi
as to touch upon questions of the
day. Discussi
dogmas find," small space, but whole
days are set apart for the consideration
of questions relating to temperance,
education, missions, Romanism, social
problems, the issues between capital and
labor, tho relation of Methodism to
scientific thought, and practical church
work.
Tho various committees have mado all
necessary arrange
of the delegates
tied
of abstract cccleastical
■nts for tho comfort
d tho couduct of the
moil will be held in
the .Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal
Church, and tlie first session
at 10 o'clock to-morrow.
s. Tlie
•ill begin
Tlie morning
session will bo devoted to religious
vices. The Rev. William Arthur, M. A.,
ol' London, will deliver a sermon, and
tho communio
tho afternoon scssl
conic Avili be delivered by Bishop Hurst
of this city and others, and the business
meeting will then begin.
Two hundred delegates representing
foreign churches liavo arrived, and it is
expected that, all of tho delegates to the
conference will be in the city to
row. To-night the four permanent sec
retaries of tho conference were chosen
by tlie business committee. They
the Rev. J. M. King, D. D., of New
York; the Rev. E. IL Ryekman, D. D.,
of Ottawa; the Rev. John Bond, of Lon
don, and Mr. T. Snape, of Liverpool.
Dr. King is personally known to nearly
every member of tho conference. Dr.
Ryekman is pastor of tho Dominion
Methodist Church at Ottawa, and Dr.
Bond is ex-secretary of the church
d metropolitan building fund
of tlie Wesleyan Church in England.
ill bo administered at
, addresses of wel
tension
A GREAT FACING RACE.
EhcH AVI
Hal Pointer
«1 nil
Het
io Drivi
Tr.nnn Halte, Ind., Oct.
autumn tiny
or. for harness lie
r Dust. The track
- lightning fast, b
footing that hörst
'».—Nature
» little too
e» to be at
ofthe
bowed iq
•1. h<
tli
ife,
el in. Word inn
f.
the »peril
a«Idle/ T!
il ri
. with Direct
ute
pOHiti«.
uly went to
« seen that
î to beat tlie
the hui f i
!.•
<1 it
leers had mappedliis
black stulli«
in th
h
that such
as to St
» satisfaction. As
pavi-d the three
a doubl«
î" 1
! thent
ieil on the stalli
ho drive began.
I
id it. I'oi
a slight 1
d,
iiili«
, held
of tho
h
lien, Avithi
,-itli
lifiei
of
dlh
i onto him
the heat wi.
S|"
off ilis feet,
lie la;
omis, this last eighth
junrt
• in 81
i .
in th«
ud heat, Geers, knowing that
* "in the buttle in tho 1.
d
:uiu»t the pi
hold I
Direct, chan,
ng, brought I
liis
tho
heart-broakin:
The
I
splendid
locked tl
o the
21
ak i
attend
strictly
to the half i
the:
he
ht began. With every
s utmost
the g;
horses fought it out. D«
the third
Ii
killing j
d victory could only be tu
it through. No eu
:« for the final brush.
»ght
ouid
IlO OIK! til
mild li
; the ho
I
Tho battl
mditri
tell tins tal
All W
• I
tho third qm
full upon
irtcr; the lash
the stallion, mid
the
u.ll'iv
o the profc:
MI.-. I
the
tlvii
n Is.
Slowly
«ly, Hal
At tho
k, half way
-, but s
the stallt
I
d lib i;
hi»
home he is «
within 40 foot of the
id
tin
.

:
•ter. and he unes
•30. Rand«
n ier tho wire
broke
Motor.
'»lie
loose. ( 'he
or utter cheer gi
aiming on, the
11!
I »ark
..
ack will be
liai Pointe
Direct.
Iona ii
; certain.
•;: i
1 2
18; 2.1t.
Melbourne's rain-making experiments
at G uodland, Kansas, have not been very
successful. A misting rain full fur a few
Monday afternoon, and Tues
day morniug the sky was cloudless. "Mel
bourno . claims that the nights aro too
cold.- r
FIFTY HOMES LAID IN MINS
Numbers of'People Seriously
Hurt
BY AN EXPLOSION OF DYNAMITE
The Terrific Concussion Was
Felt a Long Distance.
Tho Earth Fairly Rocked—Many of tho
Injured Will Dic-Idontlfylnc
liovlug the Wounded.
EU
Bitttb, Mont., Oct. 8.—At 7 o'clock last
ovening fire started in the shaft houso of
the Butte copper mine,
lowed by u terrible explosion of 200 pounds
of dynamite.
•hid» was fol
Fifty houses w
lorn to atoms and
Politsch
î seriously injured by living
debris, the mother perhaps fatally. Mike
Adams, who was walking 80 yards awav,
d is insensiblo with
mnuv pooplo inj
and child
d. Mrs. An
was knocked dow
concuss!
A miner ut the hotto
struck and fatally injured by tho fail of
the bucket.
Tho concussit
<»f tin- brain.
of the shaft
•us felt over a mile from
the see
of tlie explosion. A number of
others whoso names
were also injured.
not yet know
SEAU
MAKE LONG EASTS.
They Have a Store ot Fr
Can Subsist for it I.ong _
Ottawa, Ont., Oct. 5. —Word lias
been received here by the department of
marine nnd fisheries, from Victoria, B.
C., that H. M. S. l'lieasant lias brought
news from Behring Sea of tlie r.: v:
ments of Sir George Baden Powell and
Dr. Dawson, the British commissioners
who arc investigating, tho seal .fisheries
question.
They are nt present on hoard of the
steamer Danube and have been visiting
the Commander Islands, which are in
Russian waters to the west of Behring
Sea. They obtained from the Russian
authorities permission to visit those
islands in order to study tho movements
of the seals and to discover what truth
there is in tho theory that in seasons
when seals are plentiful on St. George's,
St. Paul's and other islands on the east
ern side of Behring Sea, they are scarce
the Commander Islands and vice
on Which They
A
8
versa.
This season the seals arc plentiful.
At the breeding islands the
lion3 of them. At St. Paul's Island a
full half million of seals w
At St. George's Island, however, the
number was not so great.
Tt has been found by fastening tin
clips to tlie tails of the young seals that
they do
mil
in sight.
in in tho vicinity of
their native place, but cross from side to
side of Behring Sea.
Tho Pheasant brings the report that
several female seals were killed during
the Buckling season by tlie commis
sioners, an«l their st
to contain nothing but a littlo seaweed
and pebbles. This is
point, and o
sioners have received special instruc
•t re
[i
icha w
important
hicli the commis
During the last conferences at Wash
ington Secretary Blaine held that the
most serious reason for stringent restric
tions on the taking of seals in Behring
Sea was that tlie mother seals, which,
during the suckling
miles every day to tl:
would be take
60
jo feeding grounds,
in great numbers, and
tho young seals which they left on the
shores of the island would perish unless
tho mother seals were protected. He said
that tho race of seals would tliuss
exterminated.
be
!»arlc3 Tapper argued against
this, that, as a matter of fact, the mother
seals novel- left their young in the suck
ling season, which only lasted twelve
days, during which time the mothers
took in» food at all.
Secretary Blaine ridiculed this idea as
•d «»f in natural history, but
Sir Charles pointed out that tlie seal, as
a hibernating animal, hud a store of fat
'hicli it could well subsist for a long
time. The report that the stomachs of
î found empty
bears out Sir Charles Tuppor's state
ment.
Tho steamer Danube, with Sir George
Baden Powell and Dr. Dawson
board, is expected at.Victoria before tlie
cud of the week.
one
the
»thcr seals w
Spolie Aft«
7 Years Silence
0., O t.
After being
Otto Wirth
, surprised hiru
ersing
rmmi.
i with
speechless f<
•ell-km
d» s
lav five
-1
both Englinli aii'l
•s old he w:
fluently, î
When 18 y
illness
st riel
1 up
to find t hat lie \vt
,-er spoke
•over mg
as horrified
. «Since t hen ho
itil to-day,
•«•ling throughout the country
and notions. lie wus
has
though
selling periodicals
induced to trv <•!•
d
speech, lie hud let
i English l»v l
ing it
though it
is his mother tongue.
nu la ,
Eh
' IA ! IF A 1RS.
Edward T. ('
•«1 the Thi
vho
mth niul i
•nth s
Passenger Railway
damages for injuries
pushed off a cur
day by u J
City Tr«
V being
O T iios
d.d
the «•«»
Wright Ti
sdf
•ted the 1
the
office he
"nil fees
holds. In bis letter tic
effected by the ci
ion roe what
fro
belong to the
city by h
turned in
. « here should be
tlie 'city fund.'"
Suits of the city against, p
nper rail
>2.941
paving

d
tre
occupied bv 1G
the î»
. Miiny of "the
Pi
lit
I
tho
'• city's si
hiHsongcr
!
tho Ridge Avenue 1
Company, decided by the •
ay in favor of the ci
.
Theodore We
s for ii
•ag has had prepared
boulevard to the
!'v- y\
park.
»
extending fr«
!>«•
north
park ■
consi«
the Washing!«
for tho widening of
r î
tho line of ti
I
ion, with a sit«- in th
s.piare f.
•ut. The other
allowhill st »
fith Log
cry of Philadelphia Outrai.
I veil from its committee a
the report of the General Asse
io question <»f tho i
d
fro»
Tho Pres!
Tuesday.
biy"nn"t\
Faith. It
on Monday nftërno
quest of tlie H. v. J. L. McEl
pastoral relut ion
was dissolved, the
the last Sin
nf
» agreed to discuss th
•Port
yin. his
Che
lech
•xt. At tl
with the Ti«
ch
d
Nov
A
committee «
minute on M
i
• i ,r *'l
fie's retii
r I'attis
•urdof trustees of
r which lie is
T
•VU 11
«1..1
tin
*f J
sylv»
lie in
I
lent
I accepted the
dg
f Professor John' James Re«
i«'e, and elected hi
feasor of Medical Jurisp
icology. Dr. R. I*. Fulkn
ufter
Emeritus* 1
deuce und 'I
of the NY1 1
lo
•f a !mg
duct a go vu
»tigttti«
. Francis W. Moore, 1*1». !>.,
Bteln, Sydney Sherwood, l'li. J).,
us James, Wilbur F. Scuifo
Alberts. Hollo;
!.. 1
«1 I*

•re elected
to p
si tions in the University. The
professorship of English hinguu;
created. Gifts of over $50,000 w
oeivod during the previous
Tho foundation of
has been begun by tho William Lea &
Sons Company.
mth.
uv warehouse
JS GENERAL.
The Chilian Btëamer Itata, which had
been released on bonds furnished by
local capitalists, left San Diego
day night for Valparaiso.
News has been received at St. John,
New Brunswick, of tho wreck of tho
barkentino Minnie G. Elkin. 8ho
ried a crow of about 20
feared that all have been lost.
on Sun
and it is
the Baltimore &
delayed by the
elevator fire at Locust Point, on Sundny
morning,mado tho
Philadelphia division in 92 minutes.
In Hartford, Conn., Monday, the
Democrats carried most of tho town
offices, although tho old Republican
treasurer, Charles C. Strong, was re
elected by from 200 to 800 majority.
Tho Rev. Philip II. Garrett, a well
known United Brethren minister, con
victed in Reading, Pa., of having fraud
a life insurance
A passenger train
Ohio railroad, which
of 02 miles
tho
ulontly obtained $250
policy, wus Monday sentenced to
year's imprisonment.
An Atlanta dispatch says a movement
foot to buy up all the rice mills of
the south, put in new machinery, ami to
a pool. Options have been secured
■j mills at New Orloans, Savannah,
for
tho mills at
Charleston and Wilmington.
Judge Wood of the Federal court at
Evansville, Ind., Monday sentenced
Charles Ritter, the defaulting teller of
the First Nationnl Bank of that city to
in tho penitentiary at *
SUV In
penitentiary at Michi
defaleatiou amounted to
gan City. His
*70,009.
Tho Supremo Court of the United
States will meet on Monday next for
the October term. On Tuesday the
court will begin tho regular call of
, of which thorn are 395, the largest
number ever on tho docket at the begin
ning of a term.
The Grecnloc & Forst oil well at Me
Pittsburg, was drilled
deeper Monday, and the flow in
creased to 14,400 barrels a day. This
is the largest oil well ever struck in
America, and is believed to bo tho
largest in tlie world.
Captain Fitzgerald, of the brigintinc
Arctic, from Bristol, England, for Har
bor Grace, Newfoundland, picked up
nine of tho crew of tho steamer Wole
ston, lost September 15th in mid-Atlan
tic. The captain and the remainder of
o supposed to have been
Donald,
tho
drowned.
A dispatch from Cincinnati says that
18 steamboats loaded with freight and
carrying passengers
tween that city and Point Pleasant,
West Virginia, and that teams are cross
ing the Ohio river at dozens of points.
A t Point Pleasant there is but 1 foot and
8 inches of water.
o aground be
The supreme court of Pennsylvania
at Pittsburg Monday rendered a deci
sion sustaining the city of Philadelphia
in its suit against tho Ridge Avenue
Passenger Railway Company for the
recovr ry of money spent by the city in
repaving with Belgian blocks from curb
to curb a portion of the street occupied
by the railway's tracks.
The standingcommitteo of tlie diocese
of Georgia of the Protestant Episcopal
Church Monday received a letter fr«
Bishop Talbot of tho niis&io
of Idaho and Wyoming, declining the
bishoprick of Georgia. A convcnti«
elect a successor to the late Bishop Beck
with was, therefore, called to meet No
vember 12th, in Macon.
During a funeral at Altoona, Mon
day, one of the teams became fright
ened at a threshing machine and ran
ay, upsetting a number of tlie car
riages and causing a panic. As a result
Edwin D res ta 11
y dioce
to
killed, Joseph
i'esdue, Mrs. J. O. Mason, F. S. Sayre
and Mrs. R. C. Lana were fatally in
jured and a number of others were less
seriously huit.
tho examination in the case of
B. Strellinger (Sain'l of Posen)
dor of a policeman at San
cisco, Monday, a witness who had
previously identified a pistol fo
tlm scene of tho murder as belonging to
Strellinger, voluntarily took the stand
and said his previous evidence was false,
d given through fear of the police and
in compliance with their prompting.
'Tlie commissioner of Indian affairs,
in his sixteenth annual report to the
Secretary of tho Interior, suggested that
the time has come for a declaration by
Congress that hereafter it will not recog
nize the Indians as competent to make
war; that the live civilized tribes should
form u territorial or state government
and be represented in Congress, and that
the Pueblo Indians should bo made citi
I
Mau tic
for the
Fr:
Ostrander and Trumpbour, officers of
the Ulster County Savings Institution in
Kingston, N
ing nearly half a million of the funds,
were arraigned Monday and waived
un examination. They were bound over
to await tho action of tho grand jury
next wcok. The other savings banks in
Kingston have required from depositors
GO days' notice of intention to withdn
funds. A company of militia is hold in
readiness to suppress any outbreak.
The state supreme court Monday
handed down an opinion in the Law
rence county Congressional bribery
cases against Messrs. Tate, Downing
d Schaffer. The defendants were
adjudged guilty of contempt, for re
fusing to answer certain questions upon
the ground that they would criminate
themselves. They were sentenced to
three months imprisonment and $500
lino each, but appealed tho ease to ttic
Supreme Court. Justice Sierrett refused
tho appeal, and ordered tlie appellants
to deliver themselves forthwith into the
custody of tho Sheriff of Lawrence
county.
The packing establishment of John
I*. Squire & Co., in East Cambridge,
Mass., was partially destroyed by tire
Monday. The tiro caught in the hog
building, in which were 1,500 live hogs.
î all roasted to death
and the building laid fiat. F
the flames were driven into the north
westerly wing of tlie main building.
The three lower stories were used lor
cutting up and dressing hogs, whilo tlie
upper portion was used as a refrigerator.
This section was practically destroyed,
only the walls remaining. Tho loss is
placed at $150,000 and is fully covered
by insurance.
sed of steal
imals
here
Tli«* »cmi-aniiual session of tho Pres
bytery of New York was occupied Mon
day in the consideration of tlie case of
the Rev. Dr. Charles A. Briggs, against
whom f« rnial charges of heresy were
brought. The committee appointed last
spring submitted a report, charging Dr.
Briggs with holding doctrines in conflict
with that that "tm
Old
infallible rule of faith and practice," and
with touching "doctrines of thecharucter,
state an«l sanctification of believers after
death which irreconcilably conflict with
d are contrary to the holy scriptures
ami the standards of the Presbyterian
church." A motion to suspend proceed
ings was defeated by a vote of 02 ayes
to G4 nays, and the report of the com
mittee. recommending the triai of Dr.
ad«)pted.
:riptures of the
d New Testaments are the only
Briggs,
— 1 They'
woods.
Fritz, running up with
in Ids hand, "look ! I'
having a picnic in tho
"Oh, papa," exclaimed little
chestnut burr
found the egg
**f a porcupine Fliegende Blatter.
The Month of October
with us is one of the most active months of the year,
and marks the beginning of the Autumn and Winter
Seasons, with all their wealth of new fabrics, new
designs and new colorings. Every department of
the house is now engaged in active distribution, af
fording buyers of Dry Goods rare opportunities to
secure the best selection of the newest things, and
also opportunities to pick up odd lots of choice goods
at low prices.
Strangers passing through the city should not
fail to avail of the opportunity offered them to inspect
the most attractive stock of Dry Goods to be found
within the borders of the United States. Our regu
lar patrons would seem to need no reminder, though
we would say to them that all our previous efforts
are being outdone this season.
Mail Orders promptly and carefully filled
by experienced clerks.
Samples of any goods desired will cheer
fully be forwarded free of charge.
Strawbridge & Clothier,
Market St., Eighth St., Filbert St..
PHILADELPHIA.
Th» Gnnleiicr Understood.
Cincinnati Cc
Mcis8onicr, the great French artist,
many of whose masterpieces are in
American galleries, like many other
celebrities, had a passion for gardening.
His gardener,
icomplished botanist,
perfection the seeds of every
plant, und Meissonier had often tried in
vain to throw him off his guard.
"This time I've got him," the artist
rked to a party of friends at the
dinner table, and ho showed them a
small packet containing the dried roe of
herring. Ho sent for tho gardener.
"Do you know this seed ?" Meissonier
inquired.
The gardener carefully scrutinized tho
id at last.
knew to
grains. "Why not? ho
"They arc the seeds of the polpus fluscl
inus, a very rare tropical plant."
How long will they be in coming up ?"
Meissonier asked, with a chuckle of sup
pressed exultation.
"About a fortnight," was tho reply.
Two weeks later the guests were again
's table, and
Meisst
assembled
after dinner the gardener wac announced.
"Meissonier," the man said, "tho seod
has just come tip."
"Ah ! you surprise me," the artist ex
claimed, as he roso and led tho way into
the garden to oxainine tho botanical
phenomenon.
The gardener lifted a glass shade and
disclosed to vi
rows of pickled herrings' heads peeping
out of the earth. Everybody langue«!.
Meissonier dismissed the gardener
tlie spot, but took him on again the next
day.
all bed with threo
Fhianrh
! i **i
The receiver of tho batik at Clirisman,
Jit., which failed last week, says its books
j in bad shape, and in Ids opinion tho
bank will not pay live cents on tlied«>ilar.
Péter A.^ Wort id «'V of Ne
w York, dealer in
assignment Tues
<lay. Jacob Kuhn of Louisville, wholesale
«•lothing d«*ider, has made an assignment,
with liahililies of 110,000 and nominal
assets to the
hi
•ic
amount. 1). B. Baker,
ufacturcrof boots nnd shoes, ut Ahing
ton. Mass.. 1ms made an assignment. W.
II. I'oley «t Son, boot and shoe manufac
turers «if Quebec, have closed dow
to limineial difficulties.
(ring
IT It.
Y DOM.
Her fattier tolled the bell
And her mother dusted out,
lier brother Mowed tho organ
And her sister helped about.
But she was dressed in luces,
And no work might her «Icfilc;
So they utilized lier gown on train
For sweeping up the aisle.
—New York Herald.
#**
—T«i G. C.—I congratulate you sin
cerely that it is not a boy. No man who
expects to occuy tlie White House
should have a son.— B. II .—New York
Advertiser.
—Do not make of your head a dime
museum .—Galveston Jxeies.
#**
—Tho state prison inmato is a man of
very peculiar stripe.— ImucII Courier.
—The mimic's "taking off" is not gen
erally considered a bereavement.-- Hog»
ton Courier.
—If all men were saints calls for cabs
after midnight would bo few and far be
tween .—Baltimore .1 mcrican.
—Boarder—It looks
ff the
•'Gather had settled. Landlady—Yes, it
it a very good example .—Boston
lue
Gazette.
-"I wouldn't object to th' ellyvntod
railroads so much, said the new ahler
.>. "if they wus only undher ground.
— Washington Star.
—Tho government will weigh whisky
hereafter. This may give a' fellow a
chance to know about hoAV much ho can
carry .—Columbus Post.
rt:
A Simla jeweler named Jacob, now in
difficulties with the Nizam of Hyderabad
about u vastly valuable diamond, is de
clare«! to be the original "Mr. Isaacs" of
Crawford. Him lu assertions of the
kind have been made betöre.— Philadelphia
Lutger.
Father Cleveland's littlo girl seems to
have inherited a very large share of the
popular admiration so long bestowed upon
not tier. Broome's lines might have
written of her :
;•••
lustre »hall
Tby i
n of beauty, w
right thy
—Philadelphia Ledger.
A member of the Chilian Junta is said
io have declare«! that wtmt ( 'liili wants is a
l nited State-» minister to that country who
is "an American citizen." This is unkind
to Mr. Egan. It is well-known that he
k out his naturalization papers fully
eeks before lie started for
i lull as this country's representative there.
— I'h ilfidclph ia Ledger.
The advent of die young lady who ...
rived Saturday will not «lei.Tcasc Mr.
Cleveland's political popularity
good, honest voters of the country,
will he glad to know Umt.though he Ini
taken part in the udministrutio
fo
flv
fith the
In.
. .. — - f public
affairs tor some time, lie has not fallen intoa
condition of "innocuous desuetude." Mr.
Blaine or Mr. Harrison, or nearly any
other Republican cundidatc thut may be
named, would be only too glad if they
côuld announce to the public a similar oe
families. ,Slav she
let Mrs. Cleveland at one of tier
at the .White House in
:c in thei
I;
earliest receptions ,
— Baltimoretiun.
/ » i;v/ \a EC MOM».
Edmund Yates is pleased to announce
the Grand Duke Mecklenburg Schwerin
about again, but doesn't say what about.
—Philadelphia Ledger.
"I commit you to jail for 10 days for
contempt of court," said the judge.
"Batter mako it 10 years, Judge," was
the response; "I couldn't begin to get
over my contempt in less thantbut." —
American Grocer.
An iron last made by a firm in Mar
tin's Ferry, O., for a colored preacher
at Charlotte, N. C., is 20$ inches long
and 7$ inches wide. The owner of this
monstrous foot is G feet 10 inches high
and weighs 410 pouuds.
Rather Careless.—Pollv—"So you are
roally nnd truly engaged—how did it
come about?" Patsy—" Well, papa said
he didn't care, mamma said sho didn't
, Jack said ho didn't
I didn't care,
gaged."— Puck.
Some political experts appear to think
that the right man to impeach is Gnver
Pnttison, simply because he wants
to see whether a few state transactions
in neckties and things were straight, or,
is universally suspected, crooked.—
Philadelphia ledger.
"Who's thero ?" said Jenkins,
winter night, disturbed in his repose by
one knocking at the street d<
"A friend," was the unswer. "What do
you want?" "Want to stay here all
night." "Well, stay thero by all means,''
was the bone volent
;, and I'm
we became on
cold
A Chicago merchant is said to have
obtained a number of specimens of tho
Anamtse loof (probably tho largest gold
in circulation, rated at $220 each)
for presentation to his friends
•Who would hold aloof from such a dis
tribution ?—Philadelphia Ledger.
Bingo—"I went into the antique fur
niture dealer's to-day to get that seven
admired
curio.
teentli century chair y
much; but ho had just sold if"
Bingo—"How
>:
unfortunate."
Ho said it would bo at least
before lie could turn out another liko
it."— Muntey'a Weekly.
who "fit in the war" lias for
20 y«3ars been coughing up fragments of
his ribs and of his army shirt, and re
cently lie coughed up a bullet. Tho
doctors think that he may now fully
recover if a cavalry boot with a spur
attached is not lurking somowliero in
his internal department.
Tho following incident occurred in a
Medford school: A class in grammar
was reciting, and one of the "younger
boys was asked to compare "sick." lie
began thoughtfully,
whilo his brain struggled
problem, then finished triumphantly,
"Sick, worse,dead."— Harper's liazar.
"I didn't know yo' could read, Bro'r
Downey." Downey (apparently much
interested in his paper)—"Oh, yes, I'm
read obber since I wuz a boy." "Don
how comes it dat you'sc leadin' dat
paper upside down?" "I always reads
dat way, Bre'r Downey, den l'se got at
do bottom of tie facts without habing ter
read down do whole column."— The
reek
A
"Sick," paused
with tho
Christian at Work.
A Timid Man's Expedient.—A timid
man, living alone in tho outskirts of
Hartford, 1ms hit upon a novel device
for scaring away burglars. Each night
upon retiring ho places a huge pair of
boots outside of every bedroom door in
tho house to convey tho i
every chamber is
iression that
occupied by an ablo
bodied man. A burglar who happened
in would think ho had struck a hotel.
in England, pleading
earnestly with his parislioners for the
construction of a cemetery for their
parish, asked them to consider tho "de
plorable condition of 30,000 Englishman
living Avithout Christian burial." Still
more curious was another clerical slip.
A gentleman said to the minister»
"When do you expect to see Deacon S.
again?" "Never," said tho reverend
gentleman, solemnly; "tho deacon is
heaven."— The. Presbyterian Observer.
A clergy
in
THE
AY'S DEMAND.
J»i I A time like this do
;l'v ftr nt llcarte ' true faith,'and
Men whom the lust of office does not kill
Men whom the spoils of office cannot buv.
Men who possess opinions nnd u will; 1
Men who have honor; men who will not lie;
Men who can stand beforo a demagogue,
And damn his treacherous flatteries with
finking;
God give
mauds
SI rong
roil
crowned,-who live above the
fog.
In public duty and i
.1 , .P rivft to thinking,
while the, ^bble, with their thumb
Their largo professions and their little
deeds,
Mingle ii
weeps.
Wrong^rules the land, and waiting Justice
I
selfish strife, lo! Freedom
—National Baptist.
—The man who will not believe
what lie cannot understand is a very
doubtful person to deal with .—New
Orleans Picayune.
—Advice is liko counterfeit money
Most people aro ready enough to part
with it, but nono earn to take it. 1
—And now they liavo got up a "but
ton dance." But it will never raralo
around and got thero liko tho good old
loahionod "collar-button crawl, —ih".

xml | txt