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«M s—sr " grV 4 -\> . , £ X5-' The •kV is&BW 71 Z I e*w Âr r 1 a W. •« ittï^sss; 1' VOL. I. ODESSA, DELAWARE, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1888. NO. I. A Sabbath In the Mountains. Afar from tho sound of the Sabbath bell, Afar from the Sabbath throng, Whose voices today In worship swell With jubilant notes of song, a lofty Alpine height, Bathed in a flood of resplendent light, Wi.h the glittering peaks of We gather for morning prayer. Though small may Scarcely exceeding the f'two i The Master himself is there. in sight, gregation be, three," No pealing organ proclaims our praise, No preacher's voice is heard, Our chorister's psalm on this pearl of days Is that of the happy bird; Our music the sound of tho rushing rills, Pouring down from the snowy hills, As each its appointed work fulfils Leaping down through the flowery dell; And the wonderful works of teach More than the wisest and best could preach, Or the tongue of the learned toll Path) I Though thoy seem in eternal might ar rayed, [here was a day, When the hill's foundations first were laid And first they But when in fire at the last great day All that is evil must pas« away, not hope that the mountains gray awakening eyes? Emblem of all that is pure and bright, Pointing up to a world of light, And a glory that never dies. crowned with snow; i).. May delight BARREN HONORS. My mother was left oarly a widow, with five children, all girls. Wo inher ited nothing from our well-born ances tors sa vo well-formed noses, whito x hands *nd low, cultivated voices. My mother was a proud and couragoous woman. So scarco that money with us early learnod to riso from a daintily-sorved dinner cruelly hungry, and darn and redarn our spotlessly clean though simple dresses. Poor mother, hers was a storn rulo, but I tbink of tho long hours during which sho played the part of housekeeper, govorness and seamstress, and marvel at her strongth of mind a^d body. When I Was 17 I was invitod to spend a few months with our father's cousin, a Mrs. Beaumont, who lived in groat « ■'*' gho was that most ^-bnFe iH a town . a hypochondriac. That I might do her some credit, Mrs. Beau mont ordered a suitable outfit for mo, and fine clothos and good food soon transformed me from a pale, stooping, dark oyed strip of a girl, iato a tall, up right, handsome young woman. She 'lYu^k.Owj L<w'piuk*ly suuk iu half *to ob sorvo tho change, and it was not until her favorite nephew came visit that tho admiration which his his annual young face too plainly showed, oponed her oyos to the fact that I was a penni less beauty, tho most dangorous being in England, wher» men and womon are seldom given in marriago but often bought and sold. A scone wus troublesome, therefore my hostess contented herself with de claring herself worao, and ordering hor doctor to proscribe sea air. Jack Beau mont was requested to accompany her to the Isle of Wight, and I off homo. 1 shall never forgot my mother's start of surprise when sho tho chango in my appearance. All that evoning sho remained very thoughtful, and I began to fear that my unexpected return was hardly welcome, until two days later, when with her Bweotest smile sho informod packed that I was to put on ono of my most bocoming dresses and behnvo my prettiest, ed an old friend to luncheon. My younger sistors wero ordered of! to par take of a cold dinner in tho school sho cxpcct room, and my mother and I awaited Lord Silurian in tho drawing room. I knew him to bo ono of tho oldest, as to title, of England's peers, and I had heard a whisper that mamma might have been his countess had har youthful beauty boon mado moro nttructivo by tho hundred thousands of pounds ster ling which tho lady thpt he eventually murriod had brought him. Ho came, a grim-facod, stiff old gen tleman, who put a doubla oyoglnss and scanned closely. A glance of tual intelligence passed between mam ma and his lordship, which did not tend to put mo at my enso. However, Jl smiled and talked as woll as I could, with a beating heart. Aftor luuchcon I was ordorod off for a walk with tho others, aud that evoning my mother kisiod mo, saying: "Lord Silurian will bring his son, Lord Trenton, to call on Wcdnosday." Thoro her look and tone that sont bed with a ' 'sudden sinking" of heart. What nood to dwoll on the wretched dotails of tho next fow weeks. Lord Trenton came, saw, and as it eventually proved, conquerod. I thought him a most vacant youth, but my mother ex plained that he was very much struck with shy boy, notwithstanding his great wealth and high position." Tho wedding day came and I had my bridogroom but twice. On these occasions his father had been in the room. Lady Silurian I had not seen at all; hor husband brought me a magnificent tiara, necklace, earrings and bracelets of diamonds—the Silurian diamonds wore famed—-and regretted that his wifo present them in person. I havo small recollection of the cere mony; but I remember that my fathor in-law bent ovor and guided his son's hand when ho signed tho registry, laughing, and calling him a nervous follow. I wrote my maiden namo, Olive Ohaso, for tho last time, and im mediately after I, accompanied by my father-in-iaw and husband, drove to Limoatono Towers, thq homo of tho Silurian family. something in to my , and "such a dear, simple, too great an invalid to There I mndo a hasty dinner alone in of the magnificent rooms which had boon sot apart for me, and slipping on a gorgeous wrappor, I tried to forget my woes in the pages of somo of my favorito books. Ero long my tired head foil back on tho sofa and I slept. I awoke with a cry and a sonso of terror, A number of wnx lights shod a soft radiance' over tho handsome room, the perfume of air, and bending over tho couch which I lay, his hot breath fanning my cheek, was tho man I had married, with an oxprossion on his face and in his evil, shifty eyes, which God grant I may never see on any human face again. For a ''moment I flowers filled tho paralyzsd with a feeling of sickening terror, then I roso from tho sofa and moved toward tho table. "Whore are you going?" ho cried. "Not so fast. Don't you know you aro mino now?" In an instant ho had in his arms, and was holding mo so tightly clasped in his ombrAco that I panted for breath; while ho wont on: "Yes, you'ro mine, safe onough now. I've got away from that old imp who's boon standing be tween ut. He thinks I'm ssfe with Black. He's a deep ono. Yos, you'ro mine, and I can toar your groat, sad, black eyes out, floih, or bito you until tho comes. " "Oh l" I gasped, nni not a fiend, take inn; take mo to your mother." My words colled forth the wiidost laughter. "Lady Silurian?' ho criod. "You'll her, she's mad, hatter; curso her, that's whorô I get it from. We're all mad but that old imp of a father of mino, and he'd bo mad too if ho were not tho evil ono. Your mother wanted tho money, and sho's got it; sho's got £50,000, and Pvo got you." The look which ho cast on me froza my very blood, but by this time I began all too clearly tho nature of tho snnro into which I had fallon. I moved forward but he seizod dross, and placed on«/ hand mouth and mado his teeth moot in my shoulder. pinch your whito blood "If you aro mortal to Lady Silur mad nover i my ovor my Tho pain was in ton bo that I almost fainted, my knees^ove way and I fell to tho floor. "By God l" rqr.dj !'^ The»nd idea: what ii acted on it, aq^ moving about himself. Whon I knew him to be at somo distanco I half oponed my eyes, and saw to my horror that he appeared to bo trying to open tho window. Sud denly ho desisted, nndv» I heard him murmur, "No, this sido won't do. I want hor to fall into tho moat and thon ho won't find her. Tho bedroom win dow's tho one." Ho turnod his stops toward tho bod room, which adjoined. I sprang to my feet, gained tho door which opened into the hall, os I sup posed, and found myaolf in a long, dark corridor. Down this I ran until I roachod a narrow staircase leading up ward. Agonizing fear lent wings to my foot. I gained the uppor floor, and wont swiftly down a long corridor which ran tho longth of the opposito wing of tho houso, hoping to find some maid-8orvant's door ajar, for it was im possible to lenvo tho houso in my present dross, or, rather, undress. Fortuno favored me. At tho far ond criod, "dead al [f- BboW'wiUt rtf 1 t> - . . •' n to was a largo closet, or, moro properly, small room, around the walls of which were huug tho servants' Sunday dresses. I appropriated shawl and plain bonnet, tho veil of which would servo to mask I folt no foar threo long flights of oakon stops which led to tho back entrance hall, and in ten minutes gninod the high road, which skirted tho park walls. I sot out brave ly for my three miles' walk to M-., where I could tako the earliest train for London. of these, a black wclL I glided down tho Hero I knew I could dispose of ono of my plainest rings to pay my faro to tho city. In M— — I posted ono lino to my mother. "Whon I can forgive you," 1 you shall seo rao again." wrote, My disappearance was hushed up, but I afterward learned that Lord Silurian, my mother, and and earth to find mo. other moved heaven Two handsome rings, by which I might havo been traced, I sold immediately in London, and long beforo the money I thus gained was exhamtod I had been introduced by a young woman who lodged in tho same house with manufacturer of artificial fl >wers. Ho gavo mo work, and thus I lived, if such to existence may bo callod living, for three years. Strango to say, my landlady enmo from Limestono Toworej and through her I learned that tho Silurian heir generally supposod to bo "queer" at times, and always dull, bru tal and heavy; that his unfortunate mother had boon mad for years, and that somo poor young lady had finally married Lord Trenton, but bad loft him the next day nevor to return. One evening, more weary and down heartod than usual, I was dragging my tired limbs slowly homo ward, aftor tho day's work, when a passing hansom stopped suddenly, from which sprang a young man, who seizod my arm, crying '•Thank God, Olivo, you are found at last." a Jack Beaumont. Jack, good, dear, handsome as ever. "Oh, Jack," I criod, breaking down and sobbing pitifully, "tell about them, maqima and the girls, only all don't toll them whore Î am else they will want rian, and I can novor forgot him, never." "Old scoundrel 1 Ishould*think not. But he can't molest you, dear Olivo; now that his miserablo son is dead he has no more authority over you than I have." to go back to Lord Bilu "Dead! Jack," I cried. "Yes, tlireo months ago, Ah, Olive, naughty girl to hido from me. If you know how Ihavo suffered." On my twenty-first birthday I became Mrs. John Beaumont. My mother to this day thinks herself tho aggriovod party; and has to romember that my purchase money onabloJ her to find suitablo husbands for all her girls beforo she can forgive mo for rofusing to profit by her excollcnt bargain.—[Tho Wis consin. The Stiletto. Tho stilotto is a peculiar weapon. There is nothing of Amorican manufac ture like it. In length it to fiftoon inches* Tho blade is about twice the length of tho handle, dagger edgod, thick at tlio narrow gUard, and taporing off to excessive thinnoss at tho point. At the guard the diameter of the blade is diamond shapod and the two extra edges run almost to tho point. Tho real edgos, which aro rasor sharp, make a wound which tho auxiliary odgos, more blunt than sharp, aggra vate to a torrib'o degree. So effective is it and so murderous in tho hands of a dexterous man, that tho Italian gov ern mont has recently been experiment ing with it as a weapon at close quar ters and in tho Massowah campaign sev eral companies wero armed with eliiolds and long stilettos. Tho weapon is car ried in a sheath llko an ordinary dagger. Another knife, commonly carried and frequently usod by criminal Italians, is what Professor Scannapicco, tho Nea politan foncing master, calls tho "inol lcttn." The moiictta bears somo resem blance to a razor, though considerably longer. Thoro is only ono edgo and tho blado opons liko a penknife* It swings loose, howovor, and when drawn is opened by catching hol 1 of the han dle with tho fingers aud throwing tho blado outward. This requires practico and dextority. A small spring catches the knife and holds it open. It is closad l 'Wessuro ppon a tiny "button" on the o^iUle. 'Çhou,/] weapon as tho stilotto, it makes wound whoa used by an export, anfi can be opened almost as quickly as a stilotto can bo drawn from its sheath. Tho easo with which it can bo concoalod adds to tho frequency of its uso. ( Tho handle is hard wood or bone. There is that is said to import stilettos and other Italian weapons. A small stiletto can bo bought for $3 Tho largost size cost $5 ami $8. An imported moiictta costs Tlio prico places tho real Italian article out of the roach of many of tho knife users who failed to bring their cowardly woapons across tho ocean, and they content thcmsolvos with a species of small dagger, crudo but ef fective, and not infrequently made by thcmsolvos out of a well worn tablo knife.—[New York Graphic. from six effective a ugly uptown establishment Nasmyth tlio Inventor. Tho great achievement of Nasmyth's tho invention of that powerful life steam-hammer which still continues to bo a marvol to all who seo tho opera tion, at once mighty and delicate. It is said of this machine that it can chip nn ogg resting on an anvil without breakiag it, while it can also dolivor a twolve-ton blow which will mako a wholo township tremble. Wo cannot do hotter than quote Nasmyth's scription of this crowning mechanical triumph of his life : "It consisted of, first, a massivo an which to rest tho work; second, a block of iron constituting tho hnmmor or blow-giving portion ; and third, an inverted stoain-cylinder, to whoso pis ton-rod tlio haminor-block was attached. All that a most ofita&ivs hammer do V i 1 thon required to produco simply to admit steam of sufliciont pressure into tho cylinder so as to act sido of the piston, and thus to raise tho hammor block attached to tho end of tho piston-rod. By a very simple ar rangement of a slido valve, under tho control of nn attendant, tho stoam was allowed to osenpo, and thus permit tho massive block of iron rapidly to doscond by its own gravity upon the work then on tho anvil. Thus, by a moro or less rapid manner in which the attondnot allows tho steam to enter tho under escape from tho cylinder, any required number or any intensity of blows could bo de livered." One of the first usos to which tho stoam-hammor driving of piles. Thoro chanici who did not believe that it would drivo piles fastor was done by tho old method, myth resolved to havo a mutch between his steam-hammer and tho ordinary pile-drivor. Two immonco logs wero seloctod, and tho two machines began to work at the same moment. Tho re sult was that whilo it took tho old-fash ioned machine twelvo houn to drivo its log to the proper depth, tho stoam hammor had finished its task in four and a half minutes. Tho invention of the steam-hammer not only made Nasmyth whorovor in tho arts are practised, but add cd quickly aud largely to his worldly woalth. Ho wus only thirty-ono years of ago, and had already achieved a great life w? k. put was thut of tho many nie bottor than So Nas famous Id tho mechanic SHOWN DP. Vacillatiflg Foreign Poiidj'-"Sooril Heaped Upon Veterans—Mis use of the Veto Power Corrupting Loans to Political Sank- 1 ing Friends. The speech which Mr. Blain delivered in Chicago is printed in full below, it ho specifies the treatment df the fish eries question, the use of tho veto power, the loans to Democratic bankers of great sums from the public Treasury Without interest* ns among the flagrant «cîni *k° Administration. Ho said: Tho twenty-four years of Republican in tho United States form an epoch second only in importance td those gredt years comprehended between the Decla ration of Independence and the Organi zation of Federal Goqcrument. History recognizes this by assigning to the first I resident and chief actor in the latter period a rank second only in American statesmanship and heroism to Washing tOu himself. The twenty-four years teach from 1801 to 1885, and were dis tinguished by nn advance in every de partment of industry and by a progress in every field of human effort more traordinnry than were ever realized within a like period in any age in any other country. At tho conclusion of tho twenty-foiir years iho executive power of tho Ntttiod was transferred to tho Democratic party, and tho political campaign in which the American people are now engaged is to determine whether the Demo: ratio rule shall continue, or whether the Republi Cau party, on its record of achievements, shall be entrusted with a new lease of power. The Republicans contend that the not b™k W DroZted th S. W ^ le n Untryha9 AdmWstfatC^rt 7t,.r^.R' m00r4 0 promises of reform Democratic disregarded and tr»n.. ^ eC " î intend that the Jï. ey been airainst thn ' Vf™** 0 *# fctafrf that W< !'T e °a , h9 Säht iss, he imnalratftfit At «..w • . 6 ! tü0 SHlr „ * d " tn * «'era, coZtt/' ,ï" l LL I o û eC V0 thfl fÂ^w f 2îehÂ??^r Pirat thev armi^n inspired. to imnrove civil *°i ^ 8 fai ! ur ? ineverv form nt - wn 48 uf f ro ^ 18 ?4 hled"o*s could h« «,? m which official S thcre^has ÏZZtJîTuno ration i„ 0 i 00f i vonsums cieteno Partisan romnvnla y® tcm °* cloned S ' ha8 fl °' ottichils havo been removed" from Xe oüt r X«enT"for AdBt " sons thin h,, .«it. 01 * 10 political rea '|K,/ ...J, Vv, ree P re dece8 uplcrtprl 'who t ^ lreo mR y tho RrPfiidnnM i L y ears eac ^ m The'-spoils sys 1 J rn«idon* « J:, roote d UPi as the more i^®? 11 ^ eve,0 P° ( i bef °. re ' and the rimiQ th n * °^ c . e holders is so noto ij v ' .. ® c ha lrm »n of the Demo tlnn in n n a Ü «« B iv° l u I1 î l î e8 i^ e ll l ^ a ^ /he hotols at Washington, un i ronA f* * ^^® ^hitc House, and, rm i .liai» mi 8 congratulatory dispatch rniifo« c. m R I)e P mocrat !° paper, re Ihi .n,? C ° rt - 0f .^"hutions from ria« 100 officeholders in a single i hRS raoreover bee " charged in fnr!. * °- *? ew8 P ft P 0 [ 8 > ft od proved bo ♦l.ot v« P ecu *l committee of the Senate, en °f bad character, convicted and pardoned criminals, have been piaced olnce under the present Administra n, and that thus the Civil Service has een subjected to open Bhame in a de greo hitherto unkown. Second. The Republicans arraign the President for having surreuded the lu* tu au a C0 H ntr J 1,1 fi 8be rics of the iNortn American coast, in a manner derogatory to the dignity of the Nation, and in utter disregard of the rights of the fishermen. The cûestion of the over ainca^Awar nf ? Ml 9°^ °1 ^ is r > \ lt0 ever since the war of 1812, and never be fore has the country, even in its days of weakness, been willing to surrender to Great Britain tho rights which now in thodayofour prestige and power,'the present Administration abandons, to the sacrifice of National honor and the de struction of the rights of our fishermen. The American people prised at the tame manner in which fishery rights were surrendered than were the negotiators of England themselves, when they found that obstacles hitherto insurmountable by British diplomacy had been removed by the present Adminis tration, and the pathway to a diplomatic victory made smooth and easy to the rep resentatives England. YF.TEUAN8 TREATED WITH CONTEMPT. Third. The Republicans arraign Mr. Cleveland for his cruel disregard of the rights of poor and needy soldiers, who incurred their distress and their poverty in the icrvice of the Nation, and who, by the interposition of the President's veto, were deprived of the pittance voted to them by a Republican Senate and a Democratic House. Not only has the President vetoed the general bill passed for tho relief of all needy and dependent soldiers, but in more than zuu cases oi peculiar and personal sufferings, tha President has interposed his power to prevent these creditors of tho Nation re ceiving their just dues. His vetoes of bifis both general and personal has thrust thousands of soldiers for their daily subsistence upon the humiliating alternatives of privato charity or the public poor house. No ra in jealous of appreciating the service which the soldiers gave for the country's unity, should ever be will ing to see a man who in tho ranks of battlo had defended the union of the Sta'es, declared a public pauper, and loft to die in the almshouse. And yet that is precisely the condition in which thousands of soldiers who took honora ble part in the country's defence are left by the President's vetoes. » The Republicans arraign tho Prescient not merely for his veto of pension bills, but for his general and dangerous me of the veto power, without precedent in the previous history of the country, aûd Ifl hile 1 not mörvBiir the American honor, no \ altogether beyond the conception or imagination of those who framed the Constitution. ME Jefferson, whom the Democrats have politically deified as the founder of their party, had eight years of administration, distinguished by troublesome periods, and by events of local moment, and yet ho never found occasion evtlnortcG for using the Veto, so great was bis respect fdr the Will Öf thé people us manifested through their rep resentatives in Congress. (Cheers.) For the long period from Washington's in auguration to the close of Arthur's Administration the veto was used but Seventy ûvë times id all. Ml». Cleveland's term rounds oüt the fitst cedtury of Federal government, and thvts far in his Administration he has used tho veto three hundred and ten times—more than four" times as frequent ns it was used by all his predecessors in the long period of ninety-dix years. It seems to mo tho President's Conception of the veto power Is, that wherever he would vote "Nd,** if ho were a member of Senate or Houtie, he would veto a measuro as President, which is an entirely new interpretation of the Constitution, unknown to tho founders of the Government and abso lutely repudiated by every otto who has occupied the presidential chair before him. There is something extraordinary in the space which Mr. Cleveland's vetoes will fill in the archives of the Govern ment. His vetoes of private pension bills Will dcciipy more space in otlr political history than all the regular annual mes sages of Washington, Adams and Jeffer son for the first twenty years of tho Fed eral Government; and if all his vetoes on all subjects be combined, the space they will fill will be greater than all tha annual mossagos of all the Presidents from tho formation of the Constitution to the closa of the second Britain. I submit that tho framers of the c**~Mvonstitution never intended to make Fourth. Tho Republicans arraign tho Adminiatration for having unjustly, without precedent and for pnrtisan reasons, disfranchized 700,001) American citizens in the Territory of Dakota. It * ms 1)0011 established practice of tho Federal Government to admit a Terri v o, t to °, f ? st n° whc i u a sufficient population to send a Representative to Congress. There has been no variation fron, that except a « and Indiana, Alabama and Illinois, Mis souri and Maine, Arkansas and Michi ß an » Florida and Iowa came in practi cally in parts in the order I have named fJ'T H ^ broken by the admission of Califoma in 1850. a wicked attempt was made to es tablish it by the fraudulent JÏ '! 8 ' aTe • 8tat °-, Si " C ° th ° w jth prompt acknowledgment of their right to Statehood when each was able to send a Representative to Congress, But now whou the electoral college is so closely balanced that the power of the Solid South aud two or three Northern States to sei/.o the Presidency may bo disturbed if 700,000 citizens of Dakota ure admitted to their rightful inheri tance, the Democratic party and the Na tioual Administration make a combina tion to disfranchise that large body of men. It is worth while, fellow citizens, to contrast the condition of Dakota with that of other States that have been ad m ;tted to tho Union since the old thir teen first formed a National Government. Dakota is so thoroughly a State in equip monts, in all her power, that this year 8 ho produces and sends to market a larger wheat crop than any thirty-eight States of the Union. She has within her borders a larger mileage of railroads than any one of theseven teen Southern States except Missouri and Texas; a Inrger mileage than any one of tho New England States, and nearly as much us nil gather; and, more striking than all el e, the population of Dakota is larger than any one of twelve States Union, as shown by the last Federal census. THE SCANDALOUS LOANS TO BANKS. _ Fifth—The Republicans arraig ident Clevelaod f s administration for breaking down the useful policy of pay ing oil the National debt as rapidly as with Great the President a third legislative power, with a vote that could override both the others. Such a use of the veto power has been condemned by all the great statesmen of both partioa. Such a use of the veto power would dethrone any 8titutional monarchy in Europe. It was such a use of the veto power that gavo to that French King who brought on the revolution the name of "Monsieur Veto;*' and President Cleveland will be fortunate if in history ho escapes the same descriptive sobriquet. (Applause.) THE DISFRANCHISED MEN OF DAKOTA* admission of of the those States to in tho tie surplus in tho Treasury will allow. Tho permitted bonds of the United States, payable at par, to remain on in terest while the income of tho Govern ment was devoted to the creation of a surplus which might be used to prejudice the financial and industrial system that had steadily produced a condition of prosperity in the country. When the surplus was thus designedly enlarged the Treasury Department used it for tho first time since General Jackson broke down the old United States Bank for the pur pose of loans under the name of "de posits" without interest to banking insti tutions. When Mr. Manning retired from Mr. Cleveland's ( abinet and Mr. Jordan resigned from theoftico of Treas urer, the two gent lemon established a bank in the City of New York, and tho Administration of Mr. Cleveland loaued them of Government funds without in terest, as a fixed snd permanent deposit, $1,000,000 of the people's money. In the days of Louis Napoleon's most ab solute power, if he had given five and half million francs out of the public purse to two friends os an aid to a private enterprise in banking, the barricades would havo been across the streets of Paris, and a revolution inaugurated against tho Government that could in dulge in a favoritism so ruinous. (Cheers.) If Queen Victoria should request of tho English Treasury that the same amount should bo issued to two of her personal friends, as an aid to a speculative venture in banking, tho Blinistry would have made an inquiry into the soundness of Hor Majesty's mind upon a proposition so extraordinary. And yet Mr. Fair child, acting for the President, $1,100,000 of the people's money to be placed in the bank of Messrs. Manning and Jordan, and authorized the bank to "hold that sum as a fixed balance," I quote the Secretary's exact lnnguage. It has been there now for more than a year, an«l will probably remain thero for many years more if the Democratic party ihould retain the power to abuse their ordered trusts of the pedpltf 1 » money ./or private purposes. I will give another instance Df the administration of the Treasury Department, equally offensive and squally aggravated. As an aid to Mr. Carlisle in his extremity, the Treasury Department lias placed âspcfclal deposit, wliish is in the nature of a loan without interest, in all his city banks at Coving ton, four in number, the deposit in each of the banks exceeding $200,000, and aggregating nearly; $900,000. If there ha9 ever befofe beën atifthUSo Of that character known to the Treasürÿ Of the United States, I de9iro some gentleman competent to instruct the public to make it known. (Cheers.) If there be any parallel to the use of the public money so scandalous and so corrupting, I desire that I may kndtf it and apologize to the Treasury Department for arraign in them as tho first who have ever entere upon a policy of personal favoritism at the expense of the public treasury. (Cheers. ) Blit on a larger scale, and as between Communities rather than individuals, look at what the Secretary ha3 done. He has placed in the State of New York, in banks of his own selection, nearly thir teen millions of dollars of Treasury funds, and in this great Western body of States, comprising Illinois, Michigan, Wiscönsiüj MiQUesoto, Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska, With double the population of New York, and in special need Of ready money at this time, to move the crops forward to market, the Secretary has given little the Secretary, apparently, being that to a State of political Importance to the Administration, thirteen millions are given, and to seven States, With double the population, that arc hopelessly Re publican, considerably loss than half that amount. (Applause). Such political gambling and personal sporting with funds of tho common Treasury of the people of the United States have never Deen dreamed or before in this country. Think for a moment, if any proposed a law that, with all balances in the Treasury beyond the immediate re quirements of the Government, tho Sec retary might loan them, without intoscst, under the guise of deposits, to whom he pleased and place them wliero he pleased. Was there over a Senator or Representa tive bold enough to vote for that mea sure? And yet it is precisely what Secre tary Fairchi id is now doing with the surplus in tho Troasurv. (Applause). FALSE PRETENCES ABOUT TARIFF AND ft vc millions; tho rule of SURPLUS. Sixth, lastly, the Republicans arraign the President for a deliberate attempt to destroy tho protective system of this country by using against it as ~ ment its tendency to produce a surplus in the Treasury, when not one dollar of surplus would bo there if the money had been lawfully expended in reducing tho public debt, instead of being loaned out to pot banks and for the benefit of politi cal favorites. The friends of the Presi dent, apparently authorized by himself, ponding his election, gavot he people Gy* Umleù fttattM ,r t ff/ge that*_ Democratic party would not, during his administration, assault or endanger the protective tariff. It therefore came upon tno people an argu of the a genuine surprise the President charged the protective tariff system with being the cause of the surplus, which hud been industriously accumulated to tho neglect of grave duty, as I have described. (Cheers. ) Tho pretenco that there was thority to buy bonds at a premium long ago exposed in both houses of Con gress, and tne people now see that money loaned for an indefinite period to Mr. Jordan's bank in New York, or placed in the Covington banks to aid the elec tion of Mr. Carlisle, ought long ago to havo boon used for the purchase of United States bonds and the reduction of the public debt. (( beers.) In my judgment, the people of the United States aro not to be hurried into free trade by the panicky cry from President or ' ccretary. Too many great interests are dependent upon it ; in terests of capital and labor, interests in the East, in the North and the South— groat interests common to tho wholo Union. I shall not to night argue the question further than to arraign thol President for precipitating it in an un precedented manner, and for having used extraordinary means to create prejudice against the protective system, and with delusive arguments to com mend the destructive theories of free trade to the people. When understood by the people, the President's method of approaching the question will strengthen the cause of protection aud not weaken it, and will, in my judgment, in the end prove one of the potent causes of his de feat at tho approaching election. (Tre mendous cheers.) en N Nome Spocimoii Foroigii Wages. The United States Consular Reports, now being issued in pamphlet form, ought to placed in the hands of every mechanic and workingman in the United States. These reports are compiled by consular agents appointed by the pres ent Democratic administration, and they ought, therefore, to beacceped by Demo cratic voters as thoroughly reliable. Thoy coutaiu facts regarding the wages paid in European countries and the condition of the working classes which ought to bo carefully considered by every voter who is disposed to support tho Demo cratic Free Trade candidates. Free Tiadc in America means that every wage in this country must compete with this foreign pauper labor. Mr. J. ticlioenhof, Consul at Tunstal, has been investigating wages paid in the shoo factories of Lynn, Mass., in Ger many, in Austria, and iu England. Here is what he said iu a report dated August 29, 188:<, and published by the State Department. "The wages at Lynn, Bias?., run on an average of $7 per week for girls and $12 formeu. I have heard of girls earning as high as $15, and men $18 and $24 and even above. The general average is probably not above $10, men and womon, all round for a full week's work." The report of the Bombay, India, fac tory commission shows that iu the Bom bay presidency there are employed 49,918 operatives in textile factories, of whom 38,159 females, and 975 commissioners personally visited several of the factories, and heard evidence re garding the hours of labor and the wages paid the operatives. Mr. Wadai testified as follows: "The same set of hands (men and women), worked continuously day and night for eight copsecutivc days. Those who went away for the night returned at 3 in the morning to make sure of being* in time when the doors opened at 4 a.m.; and for the eighteen hours' work (from 4 a. m, to 1» r. m.) 3 or 4 annas (Cc. to 12c.) was the wages. When the hands are absolutely tired out, new hands are entertained. Those working these ex cessive hours frequently died." Mr. Drewot's deposition is nearly as strong; "The season (ginning) lasts adult males 10,701 are children. The about eight mlonfhs, ribtfut five of which the hands work from 5 a. m« to 10 p. m., and the femaming three months they work day ami flight. Tho hands are mostly women. Gm9 Ätld presses never stop for meals; as a rule the hands take their meals at the gins, and he has often seen thftfrt taking their food and supply ing the gins üt the same time. He fias often seen them thus àiippljing the gi mechanically, three parts a4l6£f?; h breast sucked by a child at one mi a tit*/ and she throwing cotton into the ma chine tho next. They go on working day and night until they are com pletely worn dut. He thinks it will be found that the Women had worked day and night for as long Us a week nt a stretch. He docs not think there is a double set of children any whcic, so they must have worked day and night. The women would bavo worked twenty-three out of twenty-four hours. Speaking of twcdty-thrOe hours, he means that the woman was relieved by her friends or relations. If a womafl absent two or threo hours no notice would be taken of it. Tho women are looked on as ; art of the gins, and they belong to the establishment, and two or three hours is the longest time they can be absent out of the twenty-three without any notice being taken of it. Tho women really work more than the men; the men shirk their Work and the women do not. In the ginning factories the women annas, (9 cents , afld the men 4 annas (12 cents) per day. If they work all night they are paid 0 and 8 annas, (18 cents and 24 cents) respectively, lor the twenty four hours work.'' Tanu Bapu, overseer, tells the same story: "When there is not much work they begin at 0 a. m. and stop at 7, 8, or 9 i*. m. When there is much work,they work from 4 a. m. till 10, 10:30 or 11 v. m. The men and women sometimes work for ten or twelve days and nights at a stretch without rest," These statements aro not campaign documents, but are taken from the Con sular reports of the United States. What do tho American wage-earners think of them? Are they disposed to place them selves in competition with this class of labor by adopting Free Trade in this country? • Is the Tariff a Tax ? The great cry of tho Democratic party is that the "tariff is a tax," and that you not make people rich by taxing them. They therefore propose to repeal the pro tective duties. Tho tariff is not a tax in the meaning which is usually given to that word. One of the sovereign powers of every nation is to levy taxes, and the great study of law makers is to reduce the burden of taxation. But protective duties ore not a burden. If a citizen gives to his Government fifty cents and is enabled thereby to make one dollar, no burd«m is imposed upon him. If he pays a slfeht increase in pri«re for Bomo of his purchases and is thereby provided •yji.li wag* is not burdened as be is in the case of a direct tax upon his home. We (existence of our great industries to the/ protective tariff, Our people are gene rally happier, more comfortable, bettef provide«! with schools, and all the enjoy ments of life, on account of the protec tive tariff. Instead of tho tariff being oppressive it is a relief from a great bur den. We are compelled to raise from three to four hundred million dollars an nually for the support of our Govern ment. If it is not raised by a tariff or through internal revenue taxes it levied upon tho the city and farming property of the country, and incroi the burdens already borne by tho tax avers. That such à tax would be n u'rden no one will have the hardihood to deny. With the removal of our pro tective duties hundreds of millions ol dollars' worth of goods would come into this country from Europe, our indus pended, our money would go abroad, and we would experi ence again the same business depression that prevailed in this country during the 'ow-tnriff period of lHGT-'SH. Then taxes would be heavy and burdensome. Under tho prosent protective tariff manufacture six-sevenths of the goods of an imported kind which this country. The cost of manufactur ing them is paid in wages to our work ingmen, the profits go to employers and employes the money remains here and is sent forth into a thousand channels of activity. Another advantage of manu facturing at homo is that nothing is paid to the middlemen in Europe, to shipowners for the cost of transporta tion across the ocean, or to the importer on this side. But free trade would pel us to pay not only the wages of Euro pean workingmeu, and the profits of foreign capitalists, but it would also oblige us to support European middle , foreign steamship companies and this side. It is free to ill b« tries would bo \iscil i Ihoir agents trade that is the tax, and it has always proved to be a very burdensome one, too.— Cleceland Leader. Freo Trade Fallacies. "It must lie a great comfort to tho farmer to know that when ho takes n loa-1 of wheat to town free-trade England makes the price, but when lie wants to buy a reaper tho high tariff fixes the price." The foregoing utterance is being pub lished in the free trade papers and is credited to the Indianapolis BcnGnel. There are two specific statements in it, and both are false. The first statement is false absolutely, aud the second is false by implication. The price of the American farmer's wheat is not made by England alone. Nor doe9 England make tho price of tho wheat of tho German, Russian, French, Euglish. or Indian farmer. The prico of wheat is a re sultant of the action of one force called demand upon another force named sup ply. The field of operation of each force is world-wide. When the su is large in proportion to demand — is, when the yield of the wheat fields of the United States. Russia, India, Gcr many, anti other producing countries is greater than tho average—tho pr low, and vice versa. England i great financial center of Iho world, a sort of clearing house for tho nations. It registers prices, but it does not make them. It never has matle them and it never can make them. The needle points out the position of the but it did not put the polo there, nor is it in the slightest degree responsible for the pole's action. Tfiat is falsehood No. 1—the direct, absolute, unqualified falsehood. Now for falsehood No. 2—the falsehood by implication. When a farmer buys a reaper the free-trader says "the tariff fixes the pr'ce." So it does, but not in tbo sense in which the free trader insinu ates. He seeks to conver tho impression that reapers are much dearer here than they arc in England, and that tho tariff is responsible for tho excess in price. The opposite is the truth. The best quality of reapers—the reapers in - most çxtensive use—are almost if not quife -aç i>pij that ce is the netic pole, , cheap in the United States as they are England or any other party of the world. Of moat other articles which the farmer or any other laborer buys the same can be said. The tariff is responsible for the price of reapers, as of all dutiable arti cles produced largely in this country, to this extent only: The tariff stimulated invention and improvement, aroused competition, and reduced price.— St. Louis Globe-Letnecrat. The British Minister Electioneering for Cleveland. Lord SaCkville West, tho British Min ister at Washington, in reply to a Cali- . fornia citizen of Eflfcli»b birth, who asked his opinion as to how to vote, s«»t the following reply : tPrivate.) Ma«*.. Sept. 18,188ft receipt of yo nr letter of the Jttr inst. and bog to say that 1 fti'lr « the difficulty in which you find j casting ytQur vote. V thatanv political'fEriy which the mother country at the j would Jose popularity, and that tho party in powef is fully aware erf this fact. The party, however, îi», 1 believe, still desirous of main taining friefldly relatione with Great Britain, and is still £!* desirous of settling all questions with Canada, Which have been un fortunately reopened since tbtr retraction of y by the Republican majority in tho ami in the President's in ««ago to Which you allude. All allowances must, therefore, lie made for the political situation as regarde the President!» I election thus a Un!. It is, however, impossible to predict the course which President O'cvelond may pursue in the matter Of rota! at: > lie elected; but there is every re lieve that, while upholding tho position b-j has taken, he will manifest a spirit of dilation in dealing with the question * in his message. I enclose an article New York Timet of August Yours faithfully, L, S. Sackville West. Sir: I ■ i i tnomhnÿ aware openly favored present moment the treat. Semite, «liouUl hw to le involved from tin* and remain, the New York Times, Aug. 23. j There is this further consideration in favor of supporting tho Administration on this i88ue. It will leave the question still open for friendly means of settle ment of some kind, while a auppoit of the Senate's position would close all avenues of future negotiations, and bring upon the country tht disastrous conse quences of retaliation, hostility, and pos sible war. It would put an end to all prospect of i r an end to all prospect of improving* the commercial relations of the United States and Canada. This is one of the questions which the people should keep in mind in casting their votes next November. All Taxes Are Not Burdens. a burden , us claimed by F It is not true that all taxes to the laboring Traders. There is a sound principle upon which tariffs may be based which is wholly advantageous to the laborer and to the community. I cannot discuss that at length will simply say that whenever a tariff protects the opportunity for developing unrealized capacity in any direction it is not a burden but a good investment, just the s or high wav julilSK u«vt a bur'*««! but a _ fefeb *uvfi?«E5flE Ytt *Ea*V& it, but it comes back in compound in terest in improved citizens aud better social and sanitary relations. Any tariff that protects the opportunities for developing potential industries is not an economic burden, but wise investment which conies back with compound in terest in superior productive capacity and cheaper products without diminish ing wages. Now this is exactly what can be exclusively shown has been the re-ult of tho American Tariff. It is true that, at the first, it only prevented wuges from falling by raising tho price. But the secondary and permanent effect was to ennble us to develop the highest pro ductive possibilities by which we now own population with the Various manufactured and agricultural products cheaper than tho lowest paying countries can supply their popula tion. And what is more, through tho Improved methods of production thus made possible we are beginning to be able to produce commodities at as low a price, aud in some cases lower, cent for cent, than they can be produced in chcap labor countries, while we pay from 40 to 200 per cent, higher wages than they do. — George G unton. >hic , but the school tax or a water tax supply The Record or Protection. From 1850 to 1880 this country—with short lapses of free trade, which always produced disaster and panics—has joyed the benefits of protection. Under this policy, while population increased 110 per cent, aud the farm acreage 78 per cent, the net value of tho products of manufacture has increased per cent, the gross value allowing a gain ol 427 percent. But ns the value increased, although the prices of products have lowered, the wages of the workers have gone up. Al though the prices of manufactured artl lowcr, wages have advanced in the meantimo, because the tariff has abled us to take so many articles having command of a large homo market that the returns have been large. In 1850 nbout 1,000,000 factory labor ers earned nearly $237,000,000—about $240 apiece. In 1880 there were not quite 2,750,000 laborers in manufactures, and they wero paid in wages' nearly $950,000,000, or about $350 apiece. This remarkable fact of thn wages and the output increasing togeth r, while the prices of tho products of factories wero decreasing, is worth thinking nbout. Without a tariff, and a pretty high turiff, new industries certainly could not havo been started; and witnout tho securing of a home market by a continuance of that tariff, certainly our manufacturers could not havo afforded to raise tho ges of their employes instead of low ering them to the European standard.— Philadelphia Times. A French journal published for tho purpose of giving curious information has been investigating the story that during tho reign of terror Mlle, de Sombreuil was mode to drink a glass of human blood as tho price of her life, and asserts that this honored legend is true. AU tho foundation thero could be for it, tho paper says, is that prob ably she wine to tho health of tho republic, and the hand of the man who gave it to her might have been dripping with blood. f 300 . ' I r askod to drink a glass of Farmer Lacroix and his i, of Montreal, went! Wright Township, out in search of a boar which had been playing sad havoc in their fields. La croix tho elder shot the boar, where upon the beast, standing upright, clasped the man in liis paws, thrust hia sharp claws into the flesh of his shoul ders, and hugging all tho breath out of him, when Lacroix the younger gave the bear its leaden quietus in tho , back of its head.