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A FAMtLY PAPER, DEVOTED TO TEMPERANCE, MORALITY, EDUCATION, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE, THE MARKETS AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.
A. POULSON, PUBLISHER. TERMS-ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
SMYRNA, DEL., WEDNESDAY, MAY »8, 1851.
IT K. C. COOXt.
Men nr thought »ml
There'» »»pell »round you itoahng—
There'» » cloud hang» in the aky—
There'» a tempeit hovering nigh—
There'« an cagte flitting near you—
Thare'» a lion roaring; fear you
Not their power t
Hurricane« may rage around yon
In an hûur.
Long lateruperanre hna arouml Tin
Held ita away ;
Vumber, 'neath ita power have falten
Night and day.
Now lot virtue through tht nation
t'loar tho way, 1
A »'the night of vice i» breaking
Into day. -w
Lend your aid to «prend
Tha Tempérance banner in tire eky ;
Lend your aid to »top tho cur»»—
Stem it—atom it at ita eourco ; '
In»t it not o'arwhelra tho nation—
Level all, what rank or aprtiun.
To tho ground.
Stop the madden'd thirsting tigar'a
L«t the aixtjr thouannd drunkard*
That aro «lain
A« caah year roll« o'<
If not lire, let those now living
Shun tho plain
On which tho lhou«ands, falling never
Sea till' wive» their hand» ara wringing ;
See the childron to them clinging ;
So# the hearth» »o long deserted—
See the home» where love ha» parted—
Reo the prisun» filled with mortal«—
See the workhonae'a crawded'pe' 1 »* 1 »
Sea them all !
TTi» Intemperanco that ha» revolt'd
In their Tall.
Men of thought and men of feeling
Far and wide.
Stem tha torrent which fot age»
Tho humble peasant and the monarch
lit Ilia pride.
Men of thought, bo tip and aiding—
Stem the tide.
Stem the tid* of vie* thnt round ««.
ha« bound u« ;
Like a flowing
Slain the torrent, let it never
Roll eo madly 6n
Stem the tide.
The Govern or and litc Printer.
Franklin had just returned from assisting
poor Collins to bed, when the Captain of the
vessel which had brought him to New York,
stepped up and in u very respectful manner
put a note into his hand. Ben opened, not
without some agitation, and read ns follows :
'G. Burnett's compliments await young
Mr. Franklin, and should be glad to have half
an hour's chat with him over a glass of
'G. Burnett,' said Ben, 'who can that be 7'
'Why 'tis the Governor,' replied the Cap
tain with a smile; 'I have just been to see him
with some letters I brought for him from Bos
ton; and when l told him what a world of
book's you have, lie expressed curiosity to see
you, anti begged I would return with you to
Ben instantly set off with the Captain, but
not without a sigh as he cast a look at the
door of poor Collins' bed room, to think what
an honor that wretched man had lost for the
sake of two or three gulphs of filthy grog.
The Governor's looks at the approach ol
Ben, showed somowhuta disappointment.—
He had, it seems, expected considerable en
tertainment from Ben's conversation. But
his fresh and ruddy countenance showed him
so much younger than he had counted on,
that ho gave up all his promised entertain
ment as a lost hope. He received Ben, how»
ever, with great politeness, and alter'prcssing
en him a glass of wine, took him into an ad
joining room, which was his library, consist
ing ofa largo and well chosen selection.
Seeing the pleasure w hich sparkled in Ben's
eyes, as ho surveyed so ninny elegant au
thors, and thought of the rich stores of know
lcdg§ which they contained, the Governor,
with a smile of complacency, ns on a young
pupil of science, said to him—
'Well, Mr. Franklin, I am t«ld by the
Captain, here, that you have a flue collection
*A trunk full, sir ?" replied the Governor,
•why what use con you have for so many
books ? Young peqple at your age, have sol
•Only a trunk full, sir," said Bon.
I dom read beyond the tenth chapter of Nehe
'Aye? well I should like to hear your rca
' Why, sir, l am not competent to give rea
I 'I can boast,' replied Ben, 'of having read
J a great deal beyond that, myself; but still I
j should be sorry if 1 could not get a trunk full
to read every six months.'
At this, the Governor, regarding him with
a look of surprise, said :
'You must then, though so young, bo a
scholar—perhaps a teachor of the Iangua
'No, sir, replied Ben, 'I know no languugc
but my own.'
'What, not Latin or Greek 7' »
'No, sir, not a word of cither."
'Why, don't you think them necessary 7'
'1 don't set myself up as judge—but I
should not suppose them necessary.'
sons that may satisfy a gentleman of your
learning, but tho following are the reasons
with which I satisfy myself. I look on lan
guage, sir, merely as arbitrary sounds or
characters, whereby men communicate their
ideas to each other. Now I already possess
a language which is capable of conveying
more ideas than I shall ever acquire. Were
it not wiser in mo to improve my time in
sense through that one language, than waste
it in getting mere sounds through fifty lan
guages, even if I could learn a» many.'
Here the Governor paused a moment,
though not without a little red dn his checks,
for having put Ben and chapter tenth of Ne
hemiah so olose together. "However,catching
a new idea ho took another start.
'Well, but my dear sir, you certainly dif
fer from the learned world, which is, you
know, decidedly in faver of the languages.'
'I would not wish wanionty to differ from
tho learned world,' said Ben, 'especially when
they maintain opinions that seem to be found
ed on truth. But when this is not the case,
to differ from them 1 have ever thought my
duty; and csjiecially, since I studied Locke."
'Locke !' cried the Governor with surprise,
'you studied Locke.'
'Yes, sir, I studied Locke on the Under
standing, three years ago, when I was thir
'You amaze me, sir. You study Locke
on the Understanding at thirteen!"
'Yes, sir, I did.'
'Well, and pray at what college did you
study Locke at thirteen 7 for at Cambridge
college, in old England, where I got my edu
cation, they never allowed the senior class to
look at Locke until eighteen.'
'Why, sir, it was my misfortune never to
be at college or even at grammar school, ex
cept nine months when I was a child.'
Ilcrc the Governor sprang from his scat
and staringnt Ben, cried out:
'Never at college ! well, and where—where
did you get your education, pray 7'
'At home, sir, in a tallow chandler's shop.
'In a tallow chandler's shop V screamed the
'Yes, sir, my father was a poor old tallow
chandler with sixteen children, and 1 was the
youngest of all; at eight years of age lie put
me to schqpl, but finding he could not spare
the money from tho rest of the children to
keep me there, h*took mo home in the shop
where I assisted him by twisting the candle
wicks and filling the moulds all day, and at
night I read by myself. At twelve, my fath
er bound mo to my brother, a printer, in Bos
ton, and then I worked there all day at the
case and press, and again read by myself at
Here the Governor spanked his hands to
gether, and put up a loud whistle, while his
eye-balls, wild with surprise, rolled about in
their sockets as if in a mighty mind to hop out.
'Impossible, young man !" he exclaimed,
'impossible, you aro only sounding my cre
dulity. I can never believe the one half of
this." Then turning to tho Captain, lie said—
"Captain, you arc nil intelligent man, and
Irom Boston; pray tell me, can this young man
here be aiming at anything but to quiz me!'
'No, indeed, please your excellency,' repli
ed the captain, 'Mr. Franklin is not quizzing
you; lie is sBying what is really true, for I am
acquainted w ith his father and family.'
The Governor then turning to Ben, said,
more moderately : 'well, my dear wonderful
boy, I ask your pardon; and now pray tell me.
for I feel a stronger desire than ever to hear
your objection tu learning the dead langua
'Why, sir, 1 object to it principally on ac
count of the'shortnessof human life. Taking
them one with another, men do not live above
I'luturch, indeed, only puts it
at thirty-three. But any forty. Well, of
this, ten years are lost in childhood, before
any boy thinks of a Latin grammar. This
brings the forty down tothirty. Now of such
a moment as this to spend five or six years
to learn the dead languages, especially when
all the best books in those languages arc
translated into ours, and besides, we already
have more books on every subject than such
short lived creatures can ever acquire, seems
'Well, what are you do with their great
.poets Virgil and Homer, for example; I sup
pose you would not think of translating Ga
mer out of his native Greek into your poor
homespun English, would you 7'
'Why not, sir 7'
'Why I should as soon think of trnnsplant
ingn pinc-applo from Jamaica to Boston.'
'Well, sir, a skilful gardener, with his hot
house, would give as nearly as fine a pine-ap
ple ns any in Jamaica. And so Mr. Pope,
with his fine imagination, has given us Homer
in English, with more of his beauties than
ordinary scholars would find in him by forty
years' study of the Greek. And besides, sir,
if Homer were not translated, I am from
thinking it would be worth spending five or six
years to learn to read him in his own lan
'You differ from the critics, Mr. Franklin,
for the critics all tell us his beauties are in
'Yes, sir, and the naturalists tell us that
the beauties of the basilisk are inimitable.'
'The basilisk, sir ! Horner compared with
the basilisk ! I rcully don't understand you,
'Why, I mean, sir, that as the basilisk is
the more to be dreaded from the beautiful skin
which covers it; poison, so is Homer for the
bright coloring he throws over bad characters
and passions. Now, as 1 don't think the
beauties of poetry arc computable to those of
philanthropy, nor a thousandth part so impor
tant to human happiness, I must confess I
dread Homer, ^specially as the companion
of youth. The -humane and gentle virtues
are certainly tho greatest charms and sweet
ness of life. And I.supposc, sir, you would
hardly think of sending your soil to Achilles
to learn these.'
'I agree he has too much revenge in his
'Yes, sir, and when painted in the colors
which Homer's glowing fancy lend, what
youth but must run the most eminent risk of
catching a spark ofbad fire from such a blaze
as he throws upon his pictures.'
'Why, this, though an uncommon view of
the subject, is, I confess, an ingenious one,
Mr. Franklin; but surely 'lis overstrained."
'Not at all, sir; we are told from good au
thority, that it was the reading ofllomcr that
first put it into the head of Alexander the
Great to become a hero; and aller him of
Charles XII. What millions have been
slaughtered by those two great butchers is not
known, but still probably not a tithe of what
have perished in duels between individuals,
from pride and revenge, nursed by reading
'Well, sir, replied tho Governor, 'I never
heard the prince of bards treated in this way
way beforp. You must certainly be singular
in your charges against Homer.'
'I ask your pardon, sir; I have tho honor
to think of Homer exactly as did the greatest
philosopher of antiquity, t mean Plato, who
strictly forbade the reading Homer in Lis re
public. And yet Plato was a heathen. 1
don't boast myself as a-Christian; and yet 1
am shocked at the inconsistency of our Latin
and Greek teachers (generally Christians and
divines too), who can one day put Homer in
to the hands of their pupils, and in the midst
of their recitations can stop them short, to
point out divine beauties and sublimities which
the poet gives to his lioro in the bloody work
of slaughtering the poor Trojans; and the
next day take them to the church to a dis
course from Christ on the blessedness of
meekness and forgiveness. No wonder that
liot-livcred young men, thus educated, despise
meekness and forgiveness as a coward's vir
tues, and nothing so glorious as fighting du
els and blowing out brains.'
Here tho Governor came to a pause, like
a gamester at his last trump. But perceiving
Ben cast his eyes on a splendid copy of Pope,
he suddenly seized that as a fine opportunity
to turn tho conversation. So, stepping up, he
placed his hand on his shouldeg, aud in a very
familiar manner said:
•Well, Mr. Franklin, there's an author I
am sure you will not quarrel with— un author
that 1 think you will pronounco faultless. It
.would puzzle you, ! suspect, keen critic as
you are, to point out one."
'Well, sir,' said Ben,.hastily turning to the
place, 'what do you thinleof this famous cou
plet of Pope's—
'Immodest words admit ofno defence,
For want of deconcy is want of sense.'
'I see no fault there."
'No—indeed !' replied Bon. 'Why now
to my mind a man can ask no better excuse
for anything he docs wrong than his uant.of
'How so 7'
'Well, sir, ifl might presume to alter a line
in this great poet, I would do itin this way :
■ 'Immodest words admit of this defence,
For want of decency is want of sense.'
'Here the Governor caught Ben in his arms,
as a delighted father would his son, calling
out at the same time to the Captain :
'How greatly I am obliged to you, sir, for
bringing me to acquaintance with this charm
ing yputh ! Oh, w hat a delightful thing it
would bo for us to converse with such a
sprightly youth as he. But the worst of it is,
most parents are blind as bats to-the true glo
ry aid happiness of their children. Most
parents never look higher for their sons, than
to see them delving like muckworms for mo
ney, br hopping about like jay-birds in fine
foathèrs. Hence their conversation is no
bettet than froth or nonsense.' -
After several other handsome compliments
on Ben, and the Captain expressing a wish to
be going, the Governor shook hands with
Ben, begging at the same time, that he would
forever consider him one of his fastest friends
and qlso never to come to Now York without
coming to see him.
AMEIUCAN TEMPERANCE UNION.
The fifteenth aniversary of tho formation
of the American Temperance Union was cel
ebrated in New York, at the Broadway Ta
bernacle. The proceedings were opened by
prriyer by Dr. Waterman, of Providence, R.I.
The annual report was read by Rev. J.
Ward, corresponding secretary. It commenc
ed with an allusion to the fact that each suc
cessive age has been marked by some great
work of Cfcd for the good of man. To this
ago belongs the Temperance reformation.—
Whether there has been an advance or de
cline in the work in the year past it may be
difficult to determine, and is of little compara
tive consequence. Are wc right 7 Is the re
form demanded ? Aro the means used adapt
ed to the end 7 Is God in his physical and
moral laws with us 7 These arc the great
inquiries. The magnitude of tho evil is ap
palling; but not more than is-the success of
operations in the half century closed astound
ing and cheering.
The report brought out the traffic with its
frightful results. Only from localities can we
estimate the whole. In the cities of the State
of New York are 7000 liquor shops, selling
at a low computation $25,000,000' worth a
year, aside from the traffic in town# and Vill
ages; all sending in a single yeur (1849)
more than 36,000 men into the prisons for
crimes committed under the influence of intox
ication, and 69,260 into the poor houses,
made paupers by intemperance. In New
York city are 4,525 licensed, and 750 unli
censed houses, und 3,796 selling on the Sab
bath; and here in four and a half years, end
ing Dec. 1850, were committed 86,775 per
sons for drunkenness, 20,100 for intoxication
and disorderly conduct, 11,347 for vagrancy,
13,396 for assault and batery, 20,202 for dis
orderly conduct; in all, 111,360, (for the
most part victims of strong drink,) exclusive
of many in the higher class not seen drunk in
the streets or taken to the Toofnbs. And so
in other States and cities. Y'ct millions have
burst the chain, and the traffic is now frown
ed upon, detested, abhorred, and driven into
shades and dens.
In tho great conflict with this monster vice,
tho American Temperance Union and its
auxiliaries have fallen behind no former year.
More than 60,000 Journals, and 200,000
Youth's Advocates have been issued from
their office with these publications. Home
and Foreign Missions, two State Legislatures
and numerous Sunday schools havo been
gratuitously supplied. 4000 copies of the
Half Century Tribute to the cause have been
distributed. A new edition of permanent
Temperance Documents, and several four
page tracts have been issued. Numerous
sermons and lectures have been preached and
delivered by the corresponding secretary.—
Collections and'donations, $1526.38. Ten
auxiliary State Societies have held annual
meetings, taken strong and decisive action,
and made favornble reports. One new Stale
Society has been organized in Iowa. Tem
perance orders report a healthy condition, and
The Temperance advocacy and press have
been elevated, and vigorous and much iocal
action has occurred of deep interest. Tem
perance legislation has advanced beyond any
former year. Two decidedly protective bills
were reported to the last New York Legisla
ture, and laid over for action. In Iowa, an
entirely prohibitory law has passed, and all
drinking places are to be broke up as nuisan
ces. The new constitution of Michigan pro
cjudes all further license of the traffic by the
1-egislnture. The Legislatures of Illinois and
Ohio have forbidden all sale to be drank on
the premises, and the constitutional conven
tion of Ohio have given it to the pcoplo to say
at the ballot box in June next; whether any
license shall hereafter be granted in the State.
Vermont has decided once and again at the
ballot box, against all license, and the State
has now prohibited the sale by statute. Del
aware has made all Sunday liquor traffic a
criminal oflbnce, and a bill is before the Mas
sachusetts Legislature muking the exhibition
of the implements of drunkenness evidence of
The report presents Christianity as not
bringing her forces to act as she ought against
intemperance; yet there lias, in the year,
been much efficient Clergical and church ac
tion, especially at the West, where the Home
Missionary has faithfully toiled to resist the
incoming Hood. The spirit ration remains to
curse tho Navy. Better would it havo been
to keep tho 'colt and the cat,' and throw over
board the hogsheads. But in the Congress,
Independence, and other ships, ninety in a
hundred of tho seamen refuse their grog.—
Merchant ships, whalers and coasters, almost
without exception, sail on Temperance princi
ples ; and among the results shipwrecks are
few, and a million of dollars arc now deposi
ted in the Seamen's Savings Banks.
The report from foreign countries is favor
able. In Great Britain the consumption, in n
single year, is 22,962,012 gallons of home
spirits, 3,044,708 of West India rum, 435,
139,965 of malt beer, 1,187,500 of brandy,
and 6,136,547 of wine, at a cost of sixty mil
lions of pounds sterling, resulting in a fright
ful amount of pauperism, crime and prema
ture death, is exciting among reflecting men
alarm ; and much efficient action to check
the evil has been put forth, both in England
and Scotland, with great success. The Naval
Lord Admiral has. reduced the spirit ration
one-half, and taken it entirely away from all
tinder 18. The Chancellor of tho Exchequer
reports an increased consumption of tea, cof
fee and cocoa, and a proportional decrease of
drinks which intoxicate. Distinguished med
ical men in England, some of the nobility,
and 360 clergymen in Scotland, aro now
commending total abstinence from all that in
toxicate. Into tho Chrystal Palace for the
great Industrial Exhibition, no wines, spirits,
or beer, are admitted, and the contractors are
required to supply glasses of water, gratis, to
all visitors—a temperance lecture for the
In Sweden the cause prospers under the
patronage of the King and Queen ; also in
Norway, under tho advocacy of a Mr. Ander
son. 6023 persons are enrolled in the Neth
orland Temperance Union. Liberia excludes
all spirituous liquors, and uses only the drink
which God lms made. In South Africa, at
Cape Town, and Port Natal, arc flourishing
Societies. In the Sandwich Islands is no re
verse, The West Indies show flourishing So
cieties. In British America, the cause is very
triumphant; 220,000 French and Irish Cath
olics, and 240,000 Protestants stand pledged
to Temperance in Lower Canada, and in Up
■ per 32,000 are enrolled in the Order of Sons.
At St. Johns, 12,000. , In Nova Scotia ten
counties are without license, and vigorous ef
forts are making to get a prohibitory statute
through the Legislature.
The reports concludes with reflections on
the magnitude of the work committed to the
men of this age, the wonderful advance alrea
dy made, the ndaptedness of tho means em
ployed, the folly of discouragement, tho im
portance of a right training of youth, and the
right improvement of this, the forming age of
our country. Three pioneers of Temperance
have.fallen in the year: Pond, of Maine;
Tew, of Rhode Island, and tho venerable
Calvin Chapin, of Connecticut. Tho Com
mittee ask for the co-operation of the commu
nity and the means of carrying forward their
Rev. John Marsh, corresponding Secrotry,
offered tho following resolution :
Resolved, That the glory of a nation con
sists in the self-government and self-control
of its members ; and that while men in plocrs
of power and trust ore sluves to the Clip, little
can be looked for but the deepest debasement
—and henco tho public good demands that It
be removed from all legislative halls and seats
of justice, and tliat the spirit ration, the great
cause of insolence and crime in our gallant
navy, be at once abolished.
The resolution was advocated by Rov. John
Chambers, of Philadelphia, who appealed to
tho ladies to aid their exertions.
A Benediction was pronounced by Rov. Dr.
BY THE LATE JUDGE STORY.
When we reflect on what has been, and
what is, how is it possible not to feel a pro
found sense of the responsibilities of this Re
public on all future ages 7 What vast mo
tives passupon onr lofty efforts—what brilliant
prospects invite our enthusiasm—what sol
emn warnings demand our vigilance, and
moderate our confidence.
ThtTold world has already revealed to us
in its unsealed books, the beginning and tho
end of a marvellous struggle for liberty.—
Greece ! lovely Greece ! the lund of scholars
and the nurse of arms—where sister repub
lics chaunted the praise of liberty—where is
she 7 For two thousand years the oppres
sors have bound her to the earth. Her arts
ore no more. The last sad. relics of her tem
ples are but the barracks of ruthless soldiery;
the fragments of her columns and palaces aro
in dust, yet beautiful in ruins. She fell not
when the mighty were united at Thermopylae
and Marathon, the tide of her triumph rolled
back upon the Hellespont. Tho men of Mac
edonia did not the work of destruction. It
was already done by her own corruptions,
banishments and dissentions.
Rome ! Republican Rome ! whose eagles
glanced in tho rising sun; what and where is
she 7 The eternal city remains proud even
in her desolations, noble in decline, venera
ble in the majesty of religion, and calm as in
tho composure of death. The malaria has
traversed' the .paths worn' by tho destroyers.—
More than eighteen centuries have mourned
over the loss of the empire. "A mortal disease
was upon her before Cfesar had crossed the
Rubicon, and Brutus did not restore her health
by the deep probings of the Senate chamber.
Tho Goths and Vandals, and the swarms of
the North, completed only what had been be
gun at home. Romans betrayed Romo.—
The lègior-'* were bought and sold, but the
people paid the tribute money.
And where are the republics of mo'dorn
time that clustered around modern Italy 7—
Venice and Genoa existed but in name. Tho
Alps, indeed, looked down upon tho bravo
and peaceful Swiss in their native fastness,
but the guaranty of their freedom is rather
weakness, not their strength. Tho moun
tains are not easily retained. When the in
vader comes, ho moves like the avalanche,
carrying destruction in his path. Tho peas
antry sink before him. Tho country, too, is
too poor for plunder, and too rough for valua
ble conquest. Nature presents her eternal
barrier on every side, to check the wanton -
ness of ambition . And Switzerland re
mains with her simple institutions, a military
road to a climato scarcely worth a permanent
possession, and protracted by the jealousy of
neighbors. We stand tho latest, and if wo
fall, probably the last example of self-govern
ment by the people.' Wo haver began under
circumstances of the most auspicious charac
ter. Wo aro in the vigor of youth. Our
growth has never been checked by the op
pression of tyranny. Otir constitution has
never been unfcebled by tho vices or luxuries
of the world.,
Such as wo are, so have we*een from tho
beginning, simple, hardy, intelligent and ac
customed to self-government and respect.—
The Atlantic rolls between us and a formida
ble foe. Within our own territory, stretching
through many degrees of latitude, wc havo
the choice of maUv products and many means
of independence. The government is mild
The press is free. Knowledge reaches, or
may reach, every home, What fairer pros
pects of snccess could be presented! What
more is neccssnry than for the people to pre
serve what they themselves havo created ?
Already has tho ogc caught the spirit of
oiir institutions. It has ascended the Andes,
and suffered the breezes of both oceans. It
has infused itself into the life-blood of Eng
land, and warmed tho sunny plains of Franco
and the lowlands of Holland. It has touch
ed the philosophy ofGermany and tho North,
and moving on towards the South, has open
ed to Greece the lessons of her better days.
Canit bs that America, under "such eir-