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WILMINGTON, DELAWARE. PUBLISHED WEEKLY. JAMES BROWN, Proprietor. WEDNESDAY, MA 1" 24, XS76. Business' fiufêxi To-day we present to the pub lic the first number of the Business Index. It will be issued weekly, and—as its name indicates—be a reflex of the man ufacturing and commercial stat us of the city. We arc satisfied that a paper of this character, especially devoted to the promo tion of the general welfare of the commercial and manufactur es public, has long been needed in Wilmington, and we intend that the Index shall supply this want. We shall admit only such advertisements to our col umns as indicate houses or firms which are entirely reliable, and where purchasers can send their orders with the utmost confi dence of having them filled to their entire satisfaction, paper will be placed in the hands of that class of our citizens who make the purchases for the fam ily» manufactories and business houses, and it will, therefore be the best medium that can be found for advertisers, whilst at the same time it will protect the interest of buyers. We present it to the public with the hope that it will receive such patron age as will warrant its The Animal Kingdom. A collection is being made by the oinit, Oman Institution to illustrate at the Centenial Exhibition the anima 1 kirgtom in the United states. This collection will embrace specimens of die animals of tho Uunited States, which are hunted or collected for economical pur poses ; the products derived from the various species ; also the ap paratus or devices employed by hunters, trappers, sportsmen, and Others. Seeking office is not the greatest crime a man can commit, as some seem to think. Selling office is far worse. Secretary Belknap never sought the position which he has disgraced. Two of our "ktilled" citizens, after intently witnessing a game of base ball, were heard conversing as fol lows : "I say, Sambo, less us jino de base-ball club." 'What for, niggah?' 'Well, Sambo, kase it lam you how ter ketch fowls on de fiy—a much easier way dan stealin' dem from de roost.-' Our success. LOCALS. W« direct especial attention to theadvertisement of the old relia able firm of Adams & Brother, 506 Market street, where can be found the largest and most complete sortaient of Children's Carriages, the latest styles, at the lowest prices. Also, a splendid assortment of all kinds ot Dry goods and Trimmings, Carpets, Oil-Cloths,Boots and Shoes, Crockery, Glass and Tinware, &c. Wo recommend this house as one of tho first-class in the city, and would advise Farmers and others to give them a call before going elsewhere. Home Light Oil. —We would call your attention to the advertise ment ot W. S. Adams, Agent for the sale of tho Home Light Oil. It stands a fire test ol 150 degrees, therefore it is safe aud perfect in every particular and cannot ex plode. Ho also has on hand a large stock of Lamps, Chandeliers, Brackets, Lamp Trimmings, »fee. Rooms. these rooms are fitted up in first class style and will bo kept open for the accommodation of market people, laom 4 in the morning until 12 at night. First Cla good Roast Dinner for do cents :— See advertisement. The Boston One Price Boot and Shoe House, have just received a large stock of spring aud summer goods, and it would be well for persons to call and examine their stock before purolm dug elsewhere. Real Estate Agent. —Joseph A- Bond, Loan and Real Estate Agent, and Surveyor, office, 211 Shipley Street, second story, houses rented, rent and hills collected, and careful surveys of land made. For Coroner, Thomas J. Ben nett of Wilmington Hundred, snb jeet to the decision of* the Republi can Party. Boot and Shoe Store-— Jas. Maharty, has taken the Boot and Shoe Store, formerly occupied by J, K. Babcock, No. 4 West Second Street, and has laid in a largo and new stock of boots, shoes, gaiters,&c of the latest styles- Persons about to purchase would do well to give him a call, as they will have the advantage of selecting from a la-ge and varied stock at low prices.— Also, a branch store at 703 Jeffer son St., where may be* found a gen eral assortment of Boots and Shoes. it it It a Ainscow's Dinning mull, or a 30th Term now in session. Tui tion #6 to $18 per terra, any time, and pay only for time of attendance. Pupils received from « years to CO. J. C. Harkess.A.M. Principal. Bill-heads, Cards, Circulars, Tags, everything that the business needs in the line of printing at Brown's Printing office, No. 2 West Third Street. Enter at Hard Time*.— Hardei* than ever known ! This is the versai cry among all classes. Every branch of business is de pressed, if not prostrated. Corn and wheat, the chief agricultural staples, and the farmers' prin cipal reliance for money, are lower than they have been for many, many years. Indeed, they do not pay for production. The peach crop last year, al though unprecedent in quality, was unproductive and may be regarded as a total failure. Very many contracted debts when times were good, and when real estate was high priced and in demand ; but now all is changed, and farms that were worth six thousand dol lars, or even more, when those debts utn in returns, were contracted, and morcages given, will not bring more than one-third of that now, and, in some instance, not even that. .Day after day, and week after week, the Sneritf's hammer sounds the knell of piring hope in many hearts, and is the signal for some of our oldest and most esteemed citi zens to leave the homes where both they and their children were born and reared, sad picture and sadder because it is true, and the instance numerious ; and not in lvent county alone, but in both New Castle and Sussex as well. Is it any wonder that we see so many feeble steps and despond ing faces? ^ Many reasons may be given for this unfortunate condition of affairs, anti many remedies suggested. W e do uot propose to discuses them now, hut we do beg leave to plead, in the interest of humanity, yea, and of religion, too, that credi tors will be merciful, and spare their honest but poor neighbors, and not sell them out of house and home in time3 like these.— It will be better for them, and better for all. To sell now, in the present distress, is little bet tor than confiscation—it pays but very little debt, aud leaves the debtor nothing to pay here after. "Blessed are the merci ful, for they shall obtain mercy," where the words that fell from Divine lips, and they are as plieable now as they were when first uttered. To ail creditors, then, we would say, spare your unfortunate neighbors now.— These hard times may soon pass over, and if they do, it will be a pleasant reflection to think that they were not marked by any act of cruelty to the help less while they lasted_ Del awarean. ex It is a ap The use of false hair among the Parisian ladies is on the deoilne, and the price of it is said to have declined fifty per cent. Fur the '•Index.'* Politics and Temparanca. Kihexd Brown —Learning thaï von w.;re nnciiit to commence tue publication oi a paper in our city, to be called •• Plie Indes,' X take tile liberty of writing for yon a few lines, which you can either make use of or destroy, at your pleasure. I hare chosen for iny theme "Politics and lemperance," Republicans, Democrats, and the Xctnperunce people are preparing lor the great battle whicli is soon to come Ait along the lines the tocsin has been sounded, and each of course is pre pared to meet the issues which will oeforc them. Alte Xeuiporttnce people have but iml that is tu have such men elected tu the Legislature as will law prohibiting altogether the sale of intoxicating liquors. That a law ol this kind is really needed, no one, 1 presume, will attempt to deny j bill tile how to elect such men as will give them this law, is a matter that puts them to their wits end. Whoever iieard of a Republican or Democrat forsaking bis party aud joining hands with a third party upon one Miigle issue ? and that issue tou, probably repugnant to large numbers in both parties. it is worse than lolly for the Ternp_ anee people to attempt to commit either oj the two great parties to this question ol prohibition. The majority of the peo ple are not prepared to have a prohibi- • tory law passed. They must first be ed ucated up to it. The majority of the ] pie must be in favor of such u law ; e it such a law was passed, no matter how stringent its provisions might be, it would be rendered a nullity, if the majority did not favor it. It is all very well for men sign a Temperance pledge that thev will neither touch, taste, handle, buy nor sell in oxicating liquors; but it looks exceeding bad lor these same men to sign an application recommending certain parties as suitable persons to sell intoxi cating drinks. And here is where the great trouble is; bereis where the tem perance men are deceived into the belief that hosts of people are their friends, when really they are the very worst enemies they have to contend with. Men I will not slick when the word ''Forward" given ; they will go hack to their lirst love, despite of threats and promises. 1 have seen such tilings before, and 1 ex pect to see them again. A he only hope of the Temperance people is to establish a third party—a Temperance party ; gird on the whole armor of a party; nominate persons for the difiereiu oifices whicli are to be filled, and let their battle cry be " rum or no rum;" then it will be a fair, square stand up fight, and neither of the other parties will be bothered with this vexed question, which has puzzled some of the wisest men of the nation. I am a 1 emperance man from principle, have been for the last thirty years, and nothing would give me greater pleasure than to see the sale of liquor prohibited, even for medicinal purposes. I want to see happy homes and cheerful countenances, where now is sorrow, and destitution and beggary. Oh, this curse of rum is gnaw ing the very vitals out of the people lu well as the nation. It is demoralizling and degenerating our whole race. Hut T will stop moralizing, as I have already written more than l intended oiil come one object in view, r enact a er* p.u Veil to ! - u. While President of Jefferson College, Dr. K. J. Breckinridge Monday morning calling for the excuses of absentees from church on Sabbath, when one after another answered, "Not well," "sick," "severe heahache," "bad cold," "feqerish all day," &e. The Doctor preserved his equanimity throughout, when, with an air of great solemnity, he observed.— "Well, young gentlemen, it is mat ter of profound gratitude, that while there is so much sickness, there are so few deaths." was one