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THE WILMIJYG TOJS MJY
xV'O. 8. WILMINGTON, (D.J NOVEMBER 6, 1823. VOL. 1. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, BY MENDENIMLL &ç WALTERS, NO. 101, MARKET-STREET, at gg 50, per annum—payable half yearly in advance. PRINTED AND is the as by of by . -, crruuL'ii TUB INDIAN SUMMBII. hat is there sad mngm he Autumn >ve they that " grec, and y« ".eta«hoIy the sweet poet spakeH«j *«<> inl vanegated woods, when hnXtofo* •hen S315S 3ST5» storms B he wild Equinox, with ill its wet, five left the land as the first deluge left it, Mill, a bright bow of many colours, bung * the forest tops, he had not sigh'd. fcifThe moon stays longest for the Hunter now Mhe trees cast down their fruitage, and the blithe nd husy squirrel hoards his winter store, ml mail enjoys the breeze that sweeps along he bright blue sky above him, and that bends jignificently all the forest pride, r whispers through the evergreen, and asks yhat is there sad'ning in the Autumn leaves > TERMS. Price of subscription t~ 50 per annum, paya six months in advance ; or, if not paid betöre expiration of the year, S3. _ No subscription will be discontinued until a Aiiv°nmsKMENTS not exceeding one square will inserted four times for one dollar, and 30 cU each subsequent insertion.--!! continued for months S2 50 -for six months $4 50 or foi c year $8. _ ree ! at rns Oil From the Aurora . ranslation of* the first additional Ode ol' Horace, lately discovered in the Palatine Library, and communicated by Gasper Palluvicini, Sub-Li brarian* The fruitful boughs with clusters bend ; Lo Î Autumn comes in golden pride ; But hoary Winter soon will wend, With tott'ring foot, its bloom to chide. >Tis now the time the Nymphs to chase, Who fly with trembling feet and slow ; And with the fervid fond embrace, M tke smiles o'erspread the angry brow. *Tis now the time to seek delight Prom geifrous wine—-from glee and song— And gaily pass the happy night, If jovial Flora joins the throng. Lo ! sorrows now abroad are spread ! Yet firm the upright man doth stand, Whether his summons to the dead Be far remote, or near ut hand l The following beautiful lines are said to have leen addressed by the Earl of Rochester to his rile a few months after their separation:— Oh thou art worn with care ; How deadly pale thy cheek ! Yet ■ hou wert false as fair, Thy lively eyes could speak. Could speak, alas ! and tell Too much for heart tb bear ; They could deceive as well, For thou wert false as fair. I could endure the pain Of piercing agony ; E'en slavkhy sustain ; Nor think of ubeiitt ; But, thy H! TENTANT SXBU, My bosom bleeds to bear, Then on this bosom lie : And die, whilst thou art there. . > F:oin Sismondi's Literature oF the South of Europe. SONG—Jiy a German Troubadour . TRANSLATED ll(18CO£. There sat upon the Linden tree A bird) and sun^ its strains , So sweet it sang, that as l heard, My heart went back again. î remembered spot, It saw the rose tree grow, And thought again the thoughts oflovc, There cherish'd long ago. A thousand years to one it seems, Since by niy fair 1 sat, Yet thus to be a stranger long, Is not my choice, but fate. Since then l have not seen the flowers, Nor heard the bird's sweet song: My joys have all too briefly past, My griefs been all too long. ■ Our virtues may sometimes cause us to I sutler, even greatly; as forbearance and Ifortitude and resignation imply the endu I ranee of insult, ol injury, or of trials. But Ithe sufferings of virtue are so sublime, so ■ rich in precept, and so crowned with "wards, that the reflecting mind must learn, and the sensible heart will feel, that to î triumph over the Passions, is to triumph the malignity uf fortune ; and in duing ourselves, wu virtually subdue the many evils ot our destiny. As no tyranny equals that of the Pas sions, neither is there any misery so sure as that ot submitting to their unlimited controul ; the greatest peril, the lowest obloquy, the most sarcastic contempt, are found to follow and fall upon the unres trained career of the powerful mental, mo nil, and personal enemies of virtue, and of happiness. _ i he Passions in tlieir excess, are seen to distort and foi' the time being, to des troy the human countenance—changing the serene energy of dignified command, Inch speaks in the fine features of civili sed men, to the vulgar violence of savage brutality—altering the angel sweetness ol beautiful woman, to the character and contour of a merciless demon ; for, what 1 went to THE PASSIONS. over « (lie "J these (• pied bore dern and is so fearful as the madness oi the iras cible? what so dreadful as the purpose ol the revengeful ? what so vile as the insi nuation of the envious? so abject as the selfishness of the sordid ? or so ridiculous as the excesses of the vain and the sen sual ? Nor is it irrelative to confirm this by a fact, adduced on the authority of Ma dame de Staël, that all the jacobins, ac tively concerned in the horrors of the reign of murder, were individually distinguished by the same sort of countenance—pale, nervous and agitated, moving from side to gi(iej | ike a wi |j beast in his cage. And , seated pois ing themselves, without a of ^tionary restlessness, inl , ic " ti the impossibility uf repose, Thus " uwerfu |' is the sway of the evil P»».».? .Bo comfortless and so frightful the; distortion of their fury, Even ambition, id whose Bubl.me tea tures and high feelings, there is the aset nation of glory, and the charm of intrepi dity, in striving to push others aside, who are, with the same efiorts, struggling to climb the same steep ascent, and to reach the same dangerous apex of power, how often is it seen loosing its hold and lall ing with a velocity which strikes, crushes, and disables the victim from again rising in triumph, or succeeding in future hon ours to authority. If distress or discomfiture he thus the possible portion of the most seductive, and the least malevolent of human passions, of what avail, and to what effect is (lie nurture or the indulgence of the more mean and less morally attractive ? Nor let it be urged, that these unsub dued foes of feature, of manners and of mind, owe their despotic empire to the. fervour of youth ; that time, chilling the circulation into sluggishness, will, with the same hard grasp, cool,calm, and quiet the hot spirit of turbulent inclination. Be lieve it not. To the moral, as to the phy sical habits of man, age brings no remedy jor the neglectful.—At that period the ob fccts of sense may change, but not flic vio lence of sensation: the Iretful and the fu rious will not, through the medium of dis gust, be rendered amiable anti conciliato ry. The extravagant love of pleasure will change but to the intemperate desire of the more excessive avarice ol a tl than for and, and was as ol or a as • gold, or power. As certainly, ere the autumn of human existence has passed away, will thestron:; passions yield to the stronger understand- ) ing, or be restrained by the better princi ple ; thence delay were fatal. Age may never come, or were it sure, as is the inti ment of dissolution, does the mind bloom and brighten as the body bends and breaks? Will the heart expand and grow kind, amid the solitude, of outlived and buried affections, or under the wrongs and es trangements of painful humanity? There is of lengthened existence, a pro bable period to which improvement does not belong : when to vegetate and to suf fer, are all that remains of the beautiful and the glorious. Thrice happy they, who prepared for the possible result of long protracted years, have said to the whole host of lawless pas " Peace ! and sin no more." ! SIOIIS Erom the British Quarterly Review. ANCIENT ROME. " The mistress of the world, the seat ot empire, The nurse of heroes, tile delight ot Gods." ADII1SOX. " The Tiber was a torpid and muddy struani ; the streets of Rome were dark, narrow, and crooked : carriages of pleas ure, (of which the Carpe.ntum, probably very little surpassing our tilted and jolt ing tax cart) were by law prohibited from entering them, except un certain days, so little space was there for driving; the sedans used in their stead, put the people to infinite confusion.—There were lew scavengers, and no lamps ; when a Roman returned home from a supper party, (their chief meal) he had to pick his way along with a horn lantern, and might bless him self if he reached his own door without a shower from an attic-window, on his cap of liberty. The porticoes, and approaches I to the baths, were subject to every spe to cies of defilement, so that even the sym and bols of religion were enlisted for tlieir pro tection. The statues, with which the city But was peopled, were treated with that con so tempt which Launce would have rebuked re-even in his dog. The images of the Gods were disfigured by painted faces and gil to ded beards; and, though the Venus de Medicis never appeared in a hoop-petti sub-coat, nor the Apollo Belvidere in a blue the swallow-tailed coat with metal buttons, yet the costume of the day, whatever it Pas- was, was very generally bestowed on the sure representatives of Heaven. The houses were, for the most part, brick; many of them crazy, and supported by props, and are such as belonged even to patricians, often had the ground floor assigned to a huck mo- stcr, or a dealer in oil. hi the windows, of which were few in number, glass was sel dom, if ever, to be seen, but in its place, a dimly transparent stone, or shutters of des- wood. From the want of chimneys, the ruoins were full of sinoak, which was left to make its escape by the roof, the win dows, or the doors ; on which account, Vi truvius expressly forbade carved work or moulding, except in the summer apart and meats, because in the others, they would be covered with soot, (Lib. 7. c. 4.) Among (lie accomplishments of the cook, it was to expected that he Bhould be skilful in know "J .bid, tta wind bin., lest, if I« opened the wrong window, the smoke would be driven into the broth. Under these circumstances, the ancestors of a (• ..I l 0 ,i Roman gentleman, when they had OCCU pied the Pitches of his hall for a few years, bore a very striking resemblance to mo dern chimney-sweepers. The Romans made as much use of their fingers at a meal, as Englishmen do with their forks ; and Ovid, in his Art of Love, gives it as of Chesterfieldian advice to the a piece young gallants of his time, " not to smear tl eir mouth with their greasy hands," more than was necessary. A mappa nr napkin, for each individual, was thus absolutely requisite. Every guest brought his own; and, lest the overturning of sauce boats and gravv, should not do it full justice, it was made further serviceable as a pocket handkerchief. The middle rank of citi werr clad in white woollen vestments Z.PI1S which were, of course, as dirty, habitually, as nvg'it be expected from the general po verty of the wearers ; while the baser ple bians, not able to affect this shabby gen tility, contented themselves with garments ol .fte colour ,„,1 polity an.' or a Mendicant Fiiai s. 1 heir shirts» were composed of the same material, and from these cause«, aided by the blessing of a hot climate, and the plentiful use of gar ni • ,• ,, ■ ... .<• lie, the effluvia ul their public assemblies was so powerful that, even in a theatre without a roof, the Emperor found it ex pedient to sprinkle his faithful subjects with showers of rose-water." j a EFFECT OF IMAGINATION. A youth oF sixteen of a weekly constitution anil delicate nerves, but in oilier respects quite healthy, quitted his room in the dusk of the eve ning, hut suddenly returned, with a face as pale as death, and looks betraying the greatest terror, and, in a tremulous voice, told a Fellow student who lived in the same room with him, that he shoul I die at nine o'clock in the morning of the •lay after the next. Ilis companion naturally con sidered this sudden transformation of •» cheerful youth to a candidate For t e grave as very extra ordinary, he enquired the cause of this notion, and as lie other declined to satisfy his curiosity, he strove at least to laugh him o it of it. If is ef forts, however, were unavailing All the answer he could obtain from his comrade was, that his death was certain and inevitable. A number of| aning friends assembled about him, and endeavoured to wean him From this idea by I'velv conversation, jokes, and even satirical remarks. \ f - sr.t •mnng them with a gloomy, thoughtful look, took no «hare in discourse, sighed, and at ength grew angry when they begun to rally him. It was hoped that sleep would dispel this melan choly mood, but he never closed l»»s ey»*s, and hit, thoughts were engaged all night with Ins ap j proacliing decease. Early next morning, I was sent for. I Found, in fact, the most singular sight in the world—a person in good health making all the arrangements for his Funeral, taking an tfleet ing leave of his friends, and writing a letter to his father, to acquaint him with his approaching dissolu* ion, and to hid him farewell. I examine«! the state of his body, and found nothing untifcuu! hu» the paleness of his face, eyes dull and rather inflamed with weeping, coldness of the extremi ties, and low contracted pulse—indications ofa general cramp of the nerves, which was suffi • iently manifested in the state of his mind. I en deavoured, therefore, to convince him, by the most powerful arguments, of the futility of his notion, and to prove that a person whose bodily bed'll was so good, had no reason whatever to apprehend speedy death; in short, I exerted all tnv eloquence, and mv professional knowledge, without 'making the slightest impression. He willingly admitted that I, as a physician, could not discover any cause of death in him; but this, lie contended, was 1 lie peculiar circumstance of his case, that without any natural cause, merely lor an unalterable decree of fate, his death must ensue ; and though he could not expect us to share this conviction, still it is equally certain that it would be verified by the event of the fol lowing day. All that I could do, therefore, was to tell him, that under these circumstances. I must treat him as a person labouring under a di sease. and prescribe medicine accordingly * Very plied he, 4 but you will see not only that your medicine will not do me any good, but that ihe/Win not opeme at all.' I here was no time to he lost, fur 1 had only 24 hours left to effect a cure. 1 therefore judged it best to employ powerful remedies in order to release him from this bondage of his imagination, With this view, a very strong emetic and ctthar. tic were administer«!, mi< 1 blisters applied toboth lluglis. lie submitted to every tliinp, blit with the assurance that his body was already halfdeatl, and the remedies would be of' no use. Accord ingly, to my utter astonishment, I learned when I called in the evening, that the emetic had taken but little or no effect, and that the blisters had not even turned the skin red. He now triumph ed over our incredulity, and deduced from this rflicacy of the remedies, the strongest conviction that he was already little better than a corpse.— To me the case began to assume a very serious mind bad affected Umbody^uml what a degree of insensibility it bad produced, and I had just rea son to apprehend, that an imagination which had reduced the bodyto such an extremity, was capa-,. ble of carrying matters lo still greater lengths. All our enquiries, as to the cause of Ins belief, had hitherto proved abortive He now disclosed to one of his friends, but in the strictest conti deuce, that the preceding evening, on quitting Ins room, he had seen a figure in white, which beckoned to him, and ut the same momenta voice pronounced the words:—'The day after to-morrrow, at nine in the morning, thou shait die!' and the fate thus predicted, nothing could enable him tp escape. He now proceeded to set bis house in order, made his will, and Rave par ticular directions fur his funeral, specifying who were to canry and who were to follow him to the grave. He even insisted on receiving the sacra ment —a wish, however, which those about him evaded complying with Night came on, and he the clock struck, his anxiety evidently increased. I began to be more apprehensive for the I recollected also the feigned execution, which 1 had once witnessed—when : he criminal, after a solemn trial, wtt sianttmeed to be beheaded, and when, m espectatSn of tne fatal blow, his neefc struck with à iwftcb, on which ho fell lifeless ) .11 ! was •ell aspect. to the ground, as though his head had been real-ravages; oütoffi and thiaeifciimstsnceKaveme reason jt Ä mi^ht prove as fatal to my patient as the blow of the switch on the above mentioned occasion.— it At any rate, the shock communicated by ihejthere strikinc; oi the clock, accompanied by the extra- i ori i: narv excitement of the inuiffination, and the i " n" ra 7crTmp! which had determined all the Mood to the head and internal parts, might pro- an duce a most dangerous revolution, spasm, famt-|ses '"(f or hæmorhages ; or even totally cvcr- ta >,C ' llad alr< -' ad) ' *" ned 40 of ' W hai was then to he done? In my judgment every thing depended on carrying him, without his being aware of it, beyond the fatal moment; and it was to be hoped that, as his whole delu sion hinged upon ilus point, he would then feel p sshamed of himself and be cured of it. 1 there- t fore placed my reliance on opium, which, more over, was quite appropriate to the state of his nerves, and prescribed twenty drops of lauda mint with two grains of henbane to he taken sxsgfs. assis' && 1 2 ;« assemble round his bed, and on his awaking, laugh heartily at his silly notion, that instead of being allowed to dwell upon the gloomy idea, he might he rendered thoroughly sensible of its absurdity. My instructions were punctually obeyed : after he had taken the opiate, he fell into a pro found sleep, from which he did not awake till ' What hour about eleven o'clock the next day. too,death, and at the S am e tim e was greeted with !| ou ,i laughing tor his folly, lie crept ashamed of under the i.ed clothes, and at length joined in the I .ugh. declared that the: whole affair appeared to Inm like a dream, and'hat lie could not conceive | )ow |, e could be such a simpleton. S.nce that l|me he bas en j oyec i t (, e best health, and has ne ver had any similar attack, soon The following extract ofa letter from a gentleman in Tennessee, gives an instand M of suicide as deliberate as it is unpara '' e j| ei j._ "Capt. Martin Lane, jun. on Monda - last, in the most deliberate manner put period to his existence by shooting him self through the head with his rifle, m 1,1 own yard, and in the presence of his faim Iy, they not being able to prevent the ho. " rid deed. It seems that about 7 o'clo -1 in the morning, he appeared, from some cause or other, to be in a state of consitl erable excitement, and I believe the ad milled opinion is, that he was under the influence of spirits. Be that as it may, he first made an attempt in the house with r ' a pistol, which, having been loaded some time, missed fire, and which his poor old mother, who was laying very ill, prevailedj m on him to give up to lier. By the unitedIstainetl entreaties of his mother, wife and sisters, (the latter of whom had been called there jby the illness of her parent,) he seemed for a few minutes to be somewhat tran quilized ; but soon after, seizing his rifle, lie rushed out of doors swearing that he would kill himself. He was followed about fif teen yards from the door by his wite and sisters, where he stopped and threatened to shoot down the first one that approach ed him. He sat down and pulled the sho' and stocking from his left foot; then ge' ting up, he presented the muzzle of the gun to his throat, and pulled the trigger with his toe—the gun flashed—he then picketl the flint and touchhole, primed the gun anew, and horrible to relate, shot him self through the head ! Never have I known of so deliberate and unaccountable an act. If it was the effect of intemper ance, it certainly ought to be a solemn warning to others. SUICIDE. persons, on September, more than one half of the wh »l population were in a greater or less de * r ° ,1. fU'ec sick ; and that at some period dut the months of July, August, and àeptem bor, more than four-fifths of the whole po | at j on kave suffered either severe or i indisposition. Ihe most extravagant imagination car; hardly furnish a picture of desolation greater than the reality. In some places, Dart j cu | ar | v Darby plains, whole fami f. , J . . .•'.J'i ... • . ^8 have been lying helpless with sickness, in-Not one well enough to as9ist another to wet his feverish lips with water, and the situation of such a family has been some Ume unknown t0 t | ie ir less afflicted neigh hour's, who was deeply engaged in adnii nistering to his own Sick tainily. Nume r0 us are the instances in which the fune a | | iag (, oen attended by hardly a suffi . number to dispose of the dead body; 1 , 1 11 . 1 ,« , c And we have even heard oi a case where a corps has remained more than two days, without the knowledge of the death being comm unicated to any neighbor, as the fa c ., ,_ _ _ _ n 'dy °f «he deceased were unable to coni muntcale it- rrequently a patient could receive no medical aid, so pressed were t be physicians. The (ever of the preceding years has. , " *, i-m* perhaps correctly been termed bilhuu.. This year it is nearer typhus. It has ge nerally the remitting or intermitting cha ractèr 0 f t h e former years. It has proved smee the appearance ot trust, though the result.!number of new cases are fewer, and the 3 ; ck |j 8 t jg much diminished by convales cence . T | le game ) oca l stations as for , . . -, r j wcrly, viz: vicinity of streams and pra ries have been die greatest theatre ot its to ;f; in Sickness in Ohio. —The Columbus Ohio Monitor of the 11th instant, estimates that within the area of 100 miles square, hav ing Columbus for a centre, including the greater part of 17 counties, and parts ol several others, with a population of 163,000 the first anti second weeks of real-ravages; but, unlike its former operations, jt has not been confined to low marshy *'«»»■'>. b". these I,a, grnnnd, wl.iel have been betöre generally tree, nave felt it in a distressing force. In such places ihejthere have been as great a portion of i -4L A . , .. . A journey through our section present? an unexampled scene oi desolation. Houn ami cabins are converted into hospi. ta | Si Our forests are unmoved by the axe of the new resident ; and our tillage fields desolated by the ravages of the destroying angel. '1 he usual season fur seeding, fop next year's harvest, is past, and very little gee( ] committed to the c|uds, This is out' p rns p ect u f nRX t. year's crop ; and we al t I ... 1 . r , ready hear much less murmui ing of abun. stores of grain tout will not sell. \\ 6 do not, however, predict what a year or a (lay may bring forth ; but from our present F-'-f? «r«. «.t .I.... I.» »..t. tug in righteousness . AN INTERESTING STORY. The Boston Palladium of last Tuesday contains the following interesting account of two robbers having been beaten by a bull dog. In South Reading, on Tuesday evening last, about 8 o'clock, two robbers entered a Shoemaker's shop and stole a bag of shoes worth 40 or 50 dollars, and made off. 1'hey had not proceeded far before the hag was missed, when a young man by the name of Oliver Swaim mounted his horse and followed them, accompanied by his large bull dog. He overtook them in the woods, dark ant' rainy, and hailed them, a 'M>»n which one fled, and the other kept M ' e r01 ^ his booty, Mr, Swaim nis '' ounted, and bravely demanded the shoes. The robber refused to give them up, and - Hr. S. commanded his dog to attack him. 'he faithlul animal soon stripped the rogue of most of hts clothes and a portion 1,1 his skin. The robber finding Mr. s, '«8 alone, hailed hts comrade, saying " there is but one come on and we fix him." He then seized Mr. S. and got him down, but he was set at liberty by his dog heftire the other depredator appearei and discovering that he was in danger, ha caught the bag of shoes, remounted his horse, and proceeded homewards, while r ' ie dog acted as a rear guard, The next morning the scene of battle was inspected, when there were fourni m °st of the vil.ains clothes in rags, 4nu unitedIstainetl with blood, Neu> Post-Office Regulation. [CIRCULAR.] General Post-Office Department,^ October, 2d, 1823. i Sin :—Blanks forwarded to you, for the pur pose of obtaining a statement at the close of each quarter, of the number of Newspapers deposited your office, to be sent in the mail. You will furnish one of these blanks quarterly, to each publisher of a Newspaper in your vicini ty, and be particular in requiring him to make a return, under oath, of the number of his papers mailed in your office, for the last three months, and the Post offices to which they were directed u> be sent. The oath may be made by the per who usually folds and directs the pa ers, and must be as specific as the circumstances of the case will admit You will observe, that the num bers must be placed in the columns designated as having been forwarded in the mail, either over or under a hundred miles, as may comport with the fact. If liiere be two or more newspapers published m your vicinity, ami mailed at your office, after you Imre received from the publishers tne re above stated, you wifi reduce them nto return, by slating in figures, opposite to each post office, the total amount of papers sent to it, You are also required to procure similar re turns from the publishers of periodical works which are mailed at your office. The printed form may be changed, by speci ;f; ing, in the caption, the number of slietU con tained in the pamphlet; or a manuscript return may be made, where the number of Post offices to which the pamphlet may have been sent, are not numerous. A manuscript return may b made ny the publisher ofa newspaper, where the offi ces lo be inserted are tew, .nd in such c ises. you can arrange the offices in alpliabt tical order. Y ,u will return lo this department, as well me ori ginal returns, as the consolidated one which you are required to make. This plan has been adopted from a conviction that this department does not realize much more than one half the amount that should be received from newspaper postage, and that no mode can be effectual to insure the collection of this amount except one that shall enable this department to ra se an account against each Postmaster in the Union, for the postage on newspapers sent to his office. The above arrangement will eliectually d this. It is believed that the publishers of Newspa pers will most readily lend their a d, to the ac complishment of this object. They will expe rience from it a most essential advantage, as Postmasters will be punctual to inform them, when the subscribers fail to take iheir papers out of the Post offices. Postmasters are now required to charge the postage on Newspapers, one quarter in advance, and to apprize printers of all papers not taken out of their Post offices ; they will therefore be required to account to this department, for the postage oil ail newspapers sent to their offices, u, less they can shew, that subscribers filled to take them, and that the printers were duly *p pi ized of the fact. A most rigid compliance with the duties here enjoined, will be expected and required. I am, Ac. in son turns, as one JOHN M'LEAN. A singular altercation has taken place in the papers of New Orleans, in which oue party charges the other with endea voring to form an interest inimical to the of the United States, a.id permanency with a determination to establish the throne of Louis the Eighteenth in that country.