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The Wilmingtonian. (Wilmington, Del.) 1823-1824, January 22, 1824, Image 1

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NO. 19
9Y MEJWiliJWIâl I &t WALTERS, NO. 101, MARKET-STREET, at »2 50, per annum—payable half yearly in advance.
ice of subscription $2 SO per annum, paya
advance ; or, it not paid before
six months i
ifo^siibscription^viu'be discontinued until all
\nvmrri8XMilxTs not exceeding one
inserted four times for one dollar, and 20 Cts
each subsequent insertion.—If continued tor
■ee months $2 50-for six months $4 50 or for
b year $8- , . . f
^Subscribers are entitled to the pnvi.ege ot
Jhig their names, place of residence, and occu
tion, inserted in our Register, r.niTis. _
run the wimixoTOWiAir.
afflicted." Psal. 119, 71
las good that I
eet state ! to dwell beneath the cross,
tud feel the beams of love divine ;
aile want, and woe, and pain and loss,
Give way to Jesus' heavenly shine.
at iho' affliction seems to say,
take some earthly bliss ;
I come to
et tn be like potter's clay,
nil feel and know no will but his.
s swe
;nn'd by his grace, and drawn by lovr,
Tis sweet to feel the inward flame,
all the senses cheerful move,
At tlie first mention of his name,
ibu'd with patience—lovely grace !
The soul like summer evening shades—
pw sweet the dulcet note of praise,
iAs Ileav'n thro' all the mind pervades!
ot honev yields such nect'roiis sweet,
k*or spicy fields such fragrant gales,
■ when 1 rest at Jests' feet,
ÏAnd feel liia love supreme prevails,
tis Bsthse—Tabob—.P leasure's door,
When thus my Lord, unveils his face !
Kis peace—',is jov—'tis bliss—'tis more
[»Tis glory, flowing from bis grace!
would 1 dwell : thus would I rest,
»Till sin anil pain forever die!
ffii with my Jests I am blest,
[Beyond the portals of the sky.
.1. T. R.
The following lines Ï sup
se to have been written by a young convict
t 23 years nf age, who was under sentence of
ath.~He was executed the day after the lines
ipcar to have been written. If you think their
Lrit will entitle them to a place in vour inter
ling paper, they are at your disposal. M.
Messrs. F.iutous.
My doom is fix'd !—-The die is cast !
Another day—I breathe my last !
Not as a virtuous man should die:
In murderer's grave I then must lie.
Stranger, a prayer in pity spare,
For the poor victim to despair.
Let not my wish be made in vain;
Strangei-, view not with cool disdain,
The grave of him whose only claim,
Rests on Religion's holy name !
And name of him who died to save
The sinner from a sinful grave.
Repentant 1 would yield my breath,
But oh! what horrors are in death,
For him whose conscience cries aloud,
" Repentance is too late,"
The deed is done—my race is run !
To-morrow's brightly beaming sun
Fixes the murderer's fate.
Murderer ! the name appals my ears ;
Cun it be true—so young in years
That I should claim a murderer's name,
And die a death of endless shame.
Stranger, thy prayer is all I crave,
Stranger, thy prayer crave,
Oh! do not spurn the murderer's grave!
cannot live and love thee not !
When far away
From thee, 1 stray,
Should slandering tongue of idle youth,
Or jealous maid, belie my truth,
.et the false rumor move thee not.
Ind if, when I am near thee not,
Some busy foe.
Shall bid me know
" Another basks in my love's smile;"
The tale I'll head not of thy guile—
I hou canst not change—I fear thee not.
!x'o !—falsehood can assail thee not,
'Twae not the excess
Ot loveliness
That hems thee round, first fix'd me thine;
But thy pure soul—thy love divine—
And truth—and these can fail thee not.
Then let our parting grieve thee not !
But quell that sigh,
And from thine eye
I'll kiss away tlie gathering tear—
And think ! in one short fleeting year,
} shall return to leave thee not !
pul ah ! should truth pervade thee not !
1 could not brook
Thine alter'd look;
, But, like a bud by unkind sky
Nipp'd timeless, i should droop, and die
In silence—but upbraid thee not.
i.E. :
Tliere is a eftarm tor those who mourn,
And waste their nights in sorrow ;
it is a star of glory horn,
That gilds tlie dawn of morrow.
It lights the lonely pilgrim's way ;
j It cheers the gloomy prison ;
misfortune's darkest day,
This friendly star has risen.
It cheers tlie watchman mariner,
On midnight ocean's wave ;
Anti sheds a peace diviner far,
Upon the good man's grave.
Sweet Hope! die lonely pilgrim's star,
Shines with no meteor blaze;
But with a light divinely fair,
Illumes life's dreary maze.
This is the lamp, whose heavenly ray,
Dispels the prison's gloom ;
And on the night of sorrow's day,
Sheds joy's sweet smiling noon.
This is the star which once arisen.
Shall never cease to shine,
Till the Arch-angel's filial trump,
Shall sound the knell of time.
It is a pledge of glorious rest,
To weary mortals given ;
A flower we cultivate on earth,
To reap the fruits in Heaven.
AU ~. ._ „ i'„„v,mr tn the
My Ï' 0U "K ft'ends, your parent d J ]in . ens
jou to be the suppor . bnn Jihe
ing years. You are the props on which they Impede
to lean as they walk with trembling steps towards IS
the grave 1 with solicitude and affectionate inte
•tth*« "watched vour childhood, and directed
he wav ward steps of your advancing years. Fromjmonly
ness, 111 their years of infirmity. Disappoint them, the
will hurl an arrow, carrying with it in
euish to the inmost souls of those who
birth. Disappoint them, and you will

and you
tense an
gave yon
bring down their grey
If you cannot endure t.he thoughts of thus dis
tressing these best of friends, be virtuous, be pi
oils; make the Bible your guide, and the God of
Hie Bible your friend. Pursue the path of bea
veniy wisdom, which is the path ot peace and
Think of the value of the passing
moments : of the precious days of youth. In thi
period you have much to do to prepare for tin
portant eventsBiat are before you. With you
these are emphatically "days ot preparation,"
only for time, but for eternity.
must be forgiven ; you have wicked heart. ;
these hearts must be softened, and renewed b;<
divine grace. To be happy here and hereaft -1
have much to do.
My young friends, you are now just starting on
journey to eternity. There are two roads to go.
one is the broad road to ruin, the other is the nar
Satan is the captain of thos«
You are sinners.
way to life.
who go in the broad way, and Jesus Christ ot
One is (lie w»
those who go in the narrow way.
of sin, the other is the way of holiness. Our ev
hearts point us one way, and the Bible the other
Which way will you go? Whom will you serve?
Hut some are ready to enquire, Is there not a
way that we can puss from one of these roads to
the other? May we not go on in the broad road
awhile, and then turn and get safely into the nur
pad» ?
Yes, there is a way from one of these roads to
But this is
the other—the way of repentance,
the fact; between these paths there is a wild an«i
gloomy wilderness : and as you advance on you
journey through life, this becomes wider, mort
dreary, and the passage is more difficult to find
Many have delayed for years, and then have at
tempted to pass from the broad road into ti»«
narrow way of life, but have been discouraged
by difficulties, and turned back ; others have wan
dered on in the labyrinth, till overtaken by dark
and lost. But few who walk on in the broad
way till the meridian of life, or old age, ever find
• he narrow path. But for you, my young friends,
the way is now comparatively easy,
to start immediately. Take the Bible for your
compass, and the Godot heaven will assist you
and direct your course.
Now the blood flows rapidly in your veins; you
vigorous, and in your health. The golden
period of youth is the time for enterprise and ef
By-and-bye your arms will be feeble, youi
knees totter and your Irame w'ill be decayed an<
Under such circumstances would you
commence a tedious journey, or befitted to sur
mount dangers and difficulties ? Can you willing
ly devote the vigor of your youth, the best ot
your daj '9 to tlie service of the worst ot masters,
and only give to God the decripitude of «ge, and
Be resolve
the fragments of life? Surely you cannot
now at my reproof Behold now is the accept
ed time, behold now is the day ot saltation.
Let your ear rings be Attention, encircled by
tlie pearls nf Refinement ; the diamonds cl your
necklace be Truth, and the chain Christ an,ty;
tion. set round with the diamonds of Industry
vour girdle be Simplicity, with the tassels of
Rood Humour : let your thicker garb be \ irlue,
,nd your drapery Politeness : let your shoes be
Wisdom, secured by the buckels ol Perseverance,
ed time, behold now is the day ot
Virtue is the foundation of honour and esteem,
and the source of all beauty, order, and happiness
lt is what confers value on all other
in nature.
endowments and qualities of a reasonable being,
to which they ought absolutely to be subservient,
and without which, the more eminent they are
the move hideous deformities - and the great» !
curses they become. The use ot it is not confi
ned to any stage of our existence, or to any par
ticular situation we can be in, but readies thro'
all the periods and circumstances of our beings.
Many of the endowments and talents we now pos
.sess, and of which we are too apt to be proud,
will cease entirely with the present state; but
this will be our ornament and dignity in every fu
ture state to which we may be removed.
There is an admirable partition of qualities be
tween the sexes, which the Great Author of be
ing has distributed to each, with a wisdom that
cails for all our admiration.
Man is strong—Woman is beautiful. Man is
daring and confident—woman is diffident and un
assuming. Man is great in action—woman in suf
tering. Man shines abroad—woman at home -
woman to persuade and
M-n talks to convince
please. Man has a rugged heart—woman
and tender one. Man prevents misery—womat
'•elievesit. Man has science—woman taste. Mm
has judgment— woman sensibility. Man is a be
ing of justice—woman of mercy.
At the monastery of Kiev, are the fa
mous Catacombs, (burial places) which so
mous v/tt » r • r x ; I ' I I
many thousand of infatuated people tn the
Russian Empire go on foot to visit every
year The preparation for descending
into this repository of the dead, was more
solemn tj th. JL. itelf I f.r «»«*.-«
accompanying us related such mdescri-jdress
bable and riiliculous stories of the saints
vvhose relics lay there, that we must have
had a common share of credulity to have
believed tliem. Every person go^ng down
into these vaults purchases a wax taper,
and having lighted it, in solemn silence
follow the monk, who as he conducts the
visitors through these vaulted sepulchres
of the dead, opens the coffin lid, unfolds
the shroud, and tells the name of the saint
ens hrine(l in that repository : no part of
Jihe bod V is to be seen, of course the flesh
Doay ISto . . ;
IS all wasted, an y b
'perfect, from having been completely k.ept,
from the air , the face and hands are cum-'
Fromjmonly covered with gold or silver tissue,
the head, of the stmt material. 1 lie j
fins are generally Oi cypress wood, DUl
some of massive silver very richly orna-i
meiited. There are two or three hand-jhere
»»• »w*-*
uassages, built by some of their saint
and consecrated lor (heir hours or private
devotions Several cells are shown,
t he y sav monks, in a vow of penance, have
!le window left, at which they received
dailv their bread and water, and there re
mained until their deaths. In one uf the
ells are the twelve masons who built the
hurch, and then entered as monks into
tie monastery.
From Mrs. Dalderness' Travels in Russia.
tie monastery. in
In another place you are sh.-wn the bo
•y. or rather the he .1 an.I shoulders, of a
cfnrk in the PTOUod - in a VOW of tie
nan stuck in the « «und , in a vow ot | e
he dug a hole, in which he placed
If, standing with his hands by his Vlc
side; and then had the hole filled, so that
ly his head, and a little below his slioul
I its, could be seen ; here he lived (they no
sa v) fifteen years, having food and drink
ought to him and a lamp constantly
burning by his side , th y . .
. lamp, which burns day and mgni con
rinually, though he has been dead six or
^even hun«lred years ; this, however, they
well afford to do as he brings a con
idiTuÏe Ire of the t iches of "the con
v<-nt. The cap he wears is supposed to
work miracles, and restore the sick; ac-he
cordingly, hundreds come t, visit St. An
lui.io, and wear his cap, which is frequent
î y the undoubted means of restoring health,
hough not in the way that enthusiasm
:.!id credulity imagine, but by the simple
.1 being th. .f .h.ir
unusual exercise in the open air, and ex-,
rcising also a temperance not habitual to
them. I should not omit to mention
St. Antonio is said to sink a little lower
it. the ground every year, and that
world is to be at an end by the time hejj,^
■ntirely disappears. Amongst the won
lers which they relate, this can scarcely
he classed as the greatest ; and if time
its mighty changes does not annihilate the:
monastery of Petchersky, St. Antonio
probably not disappear, while he contin-|
nes so instrumental to the well doing uf
Vis brethren
particularly .eotioned
merits of this saint, let me do justice to
the others also and state, that all have
their votaries, and that money lay scatter
«î î- *• if î" 1 *"«« "
returned, and man no longer enntmued' to
leap sordid gold, or required Its aid to
help him to the comforts of life. It is
reckoned that from sixty to a hundred
thousand pilgrims, from all partsof the
Russian empire, visit the monastery at
Kiev in one year; ami the revenue the
monks derive from the sale of wax candles,
- f"»" " f " - 1 "
t9 alone
In the expedition against Fort du Que
J now SburVfn 1758, under
e, now * iiisuurg, in < • ;
command of General Forbes, several so 0
liers belonging to Montgomery's highland-:
ers and other regiments, fell into the hands
r the Indians beim* taken in ambush.
Allan Macpherson, one of the Highland
oldiers, witnessing the horrid fate of se
veral of his fellow prisoners, who had ex
pired under the most excruciating tortures
tnd observing that they were about to per-which
pet rate the same barbarities upon himself,
made signs that he had something to com
municate—An interpreter was brought,
Macpherson told him that provided his
life was spared for a few minutes, he would
that if they would allow him to go to the
woods with a guard, to collect the proper
plants, he would prepare it, and allow the
experiment to be tried on Ins own neek
by the strongest and most active warrior
among them. This story being repeated
by by the interpreter to the Indians, obtain
j f j, f U1 „ their superstitious ere
request of the Highlander
was'instantly complied with. Being sent
;_ into tile woods he soon returned with such
of lants as he chose t0 pick up, and having
F h pubbe j bis neC k with the
be ^ '^<1 them, ne run , <je
juice, a ml iaytn D ms nt.au b ,
s red the strongest man amongst them to
Strike with all his force at his neck with
his tomahawk, whpn he would und he could
not make the smallest impression. An
tUan ImvpI led u h ow with all his
Indian t hen «veil d a^ blow wt. .x* n
might, and cut w th such torce tna me
head new oil to the distance nr set ai
feet. The Indians were fixed with amaze
with which theprisoner had ® SC ®P
ed the lingering death prepared tor him >
but, instead of being enraged at tins es "
cape of their victim, they were so pleasedj
wfi, hi. ingenuity that they
from inflicting further cruellies on the re-,en
mainmg prisoners.
—— his
" The Eagle lie was lord above,
« But Rob was lord below."
Although Rob Roy Macgregor, from his great
personal prowess, and the dauntless energy oflns
fad, which, in the most trying and difficulté
„„Emergencies, never forsook him, was the dread of
everv cuuntPV where his name was known, the
m . ban ;ty an(1 kindness of his manners to his infe
r i or8 , gained him the good will and services of
t prote( l t him from the multitude of enemies
| wbo sought his destruction; ami one or two,
amon g m; ,nY instances of their attachment, may
be mêntioned—A debt, to a P rt ;«yJ» r Ç;;
, I ()ne wouU1 undertake to execute diligence
Lg a i nst him. At length a messenger at Edinburgh
'appeared, who pledged himself, that with six
men, he would go through the whole Highlands,
»3S» s
wag () fp ere j a handsome sum, if lie would bring
llu j, Rl)y Macgregor to the jail of Sterling, and
was allowed mi n ofliis own choice. He accord
anJ k |i; ; vin ^ arr ; v y ed * t ?he only public house then
in Balquhiddar, he inquired the way to Rob's
bouse -phis par ty were at once known to be
a stranger., and ?he landlordcoming to Jearnthenr
business, he sent notice of it to his good trieud
a(lv j se d nut t0 0 tartb[ . r> i e , t they
come to repent 0 f their folly, but the ad
Vlc " wag disregarded, and they went forward.
The party waited at some distance from the
house, and the raessiuger himself went to recon
no j tr< ;; r aa a „.ranger who
ha " , ost ff his he W;lB po!ite iy shown"by Bob
imo a lal . ge ro0m , where
« -All around, the walls to grace,
Hung trophies of the fight or chace ;
^ target there, a bugle here,
A battle axe, a hunting spear,
And broad-swords, bows and arrows store,
With the tusked trophies ot the hoar,"
to which astonished him so much, that he felt as if
ac-he had got into aeavern of tlie inferna re^ons ,
tenll , )l)a n v p i aC ed there, his terror increased to
^ "degree, that he screamed out, and asked
if it was a dead man î To which Rob coolly an
swere.l, that it was a rascal a . , "' s ^^ e | r
ex-, him buried. Fear now wholly overcame the mes
to siilK er, and he could scarcely articulate a bene
thatidiction ffir Ins soul, when he fainted and Kll up
on the floor. Foat of f b '^ e o %^ e
hejj,^ they took him to the river just by, and tossed
h , m in, allowing ...n to get out the best way he
jcmiid (1 Hl t 3 h c rr";°Ind InonosinTre
their lu-eilT bu/tlie
the: w , )o]e glen h lVing now became alarmed, met the
fugitives in every direction, a J ,d ev f r f
0 f them such a complete ducking, that they had
uf reason all their lives to remember the lake and
river Balquhiddar.
treat to Stirling, not taking time on^the road to
dry their clotlies, lest a repetition ot their treat.
ment should take place ; and upon their arriva
a*»sssÄÄsr mä
; natil) „ g and cruelties of the Macgregor», mag
,f y i„g their own escape, and prowess m having
k,lfed B se-.eral of theclaiii. jcit mt the
reported touhe ^Xmlea
J^q^ynils, id lay hold of Rob Roy M.cgvegor.
A « a ,, iy ot Macgregors, who were returning
sorne booty .which they had acqu.red along the
banka of the 1 orth, descried t ie mi u«i -Y / I
at different stations to give nouce of the
men's of the soldiers. All the men l.hin s ve
the>'"V*" W ? r ^ P T! K "had
case it was to lay waste the countrj, wim-n n.iqi
0 f ten been done betöre; but the military had noj
utber or ders than to seize Rob Roy, who conaid-.
ered it more prudent to take «mge: in the h. ' s >,
Khan openly to give the military battle, when they
'ÿafier 'a. fruTtless ^è-arcli for many days, the sol-^
die^s, unaccustomed to the fatigue of climbing
mountains, and scrambling over mcks, a " d Uo J™
woods, j™ k t healb tbr be ds ; and
per-which they furmshe J!, 8hu uij leave
co J n ti 7 wit bout some lasting remembrance
ofth aet 7 fire to the house, which speedily
lodged the soldiers. ^
ot them were hurt,* e accidenta i disclr arge
"ï e ' The military pariy, thus thrown
s0 .p pe 'tribute of 'black mail,' extended under
Rob Uoy . s - sys t e m, to all classes of people, to in.
ferior proprietors, and to every description ot
tenantry, but the more power uc u ,
$ t" 9 polkfion; would seldom consent to th 't
compu | satory regulation, as being too de|rad'ne
t0 that consequence which they were n H "^ e l
maintain Rob did certainly, as, occasion required,
d)e 3 tftJt aa u voluntury oblation. Of tins last de
s ' cpiptlon wa9 an annual payment made to him by
Campbell of Abrucl,II; but ths proprietor having
omitted to pay Rob for some years, he at lus,
* eut to his castle with an armed parly» to demand
he arrears due to him. Having knocked at thi
'^ale, leaving his men at some distance, he desi*
itli the laird, but he was told
, e d a c nvrrsaimn
that several great men were at dinner with lorn,
and that iv* stranger could be admitted. men
^ him ,"said he, •• that Hob Hoy Macgregor U
lt his tloor, ami must see him, if the king should
be ,]i n iug with him " The porter relumed, and
1 , M j iob ,| lal his master knew nothin* of such a
hj" ^ v *^side, from which there issued abound
that s a]jpa( j et i the castle guard, shook the build
i n g to its base, and astonished Abruchd and his
sli(Who quickly lelttlie dining-table. In a,,
were y
re-,en tern » . lhe y li(ir( |
gate, apologised for the rudeness of -he porter to
his good triend lt»b Roy Macgregor, took him
into the cast le, paid him Ins demand, and they
parte good
"■"■■■ . ... . t , t the Canadians would
chnseffie system of English law or the French!
A. I do not know a single Canadian. I never
was in Canada.
Q- Doe ? lhe gentleman t V_ nrov ince would
Sf^rfbya i» «SS."
e y
of property i
A. I cannot tell.
Q. Does he know any thing of the state ot La.
nada Î . . b as have
^A. ^before me!by^order of the Kingincoun
cil, and by information from other persons,
Carr. Fuirr».. Q. I desire to ask if he under
^iK v"erv difficult to understand any law.
q. he know the power of the French
king, under the constitution of the French laws?
jjo not well understand the constitution ot
France. 1 never was in France. It is a very hard
thinff f ora foreigner to obtain an adequate idea
. 1 nlioation and study : I wish I understood
beUer . an j that many other people vvoutd
* T*' ^ ^ ^ *
fe» r they do. 0 rr re .
Q. he understand the constitution of [re
[We are indebted to a friend for a pamphlet
from which we copy the following account of the
singular and diverting behaviour of Dr, Marriot,
the Advocate General of George Ilf. who was
examined before the British Parliament concern,
the religion and laws of Quebec : and found
ans from bis incomparable wit and subtility, to
defeat the purposes for which he was brought
to the bar, on the 3d of June 1774.]
Mb. Mackwoiith — Mr. Chairman, I desire to
at the bar, what would
know nf the gentleman
be the best establishment of laws for the province
of Quebec, in his opinion.
Da. MtnuioT.—It is difficult to -ay upon any
subject, in this world, what is best for any man
or set of men in speculation : that which succe-eds
best in public and private life is best, anti there
fore l cannot tell what will be best for the Cana
n> Q n , )es he think it expedi
en i t0 glve the province of Quebec any part of
5,. V j. h ^
A. " t * be p w Ji and prüdem?
«■ expedient, wise and prudent,
> ( ( question to mean, whether it
Ul be politicallywiseandprude.it. Expedien
b miLu.-rial language.^ U is a
State ex P e ^/'thi subr.me'of government, ex
f™f ed ''7 m ,, st ' 5ev0 „ d th e reach of In iman wis
dom Few men cin pry mto this sort of know,
letlge. Few can comprehend it. I am sure 1 do
not. . b the nature uf his office,
a informed as he is from his connec
,• ^ ith ^ ovePnmt . nt#un( j hj s 0 wn reading, must
^ ^ muc f f ) coll cermng the actual state of the
nrnvince of Quebec : l desire lie will answer what
■o n Q i a ifknowledge, human and divine,
W orlc of days, of montlu, of years, but of
Fop mc to answe r that gentleman's qttea
th ^P , "y " ' h papers and informations a« have
■. •, ■ ( - or the gentleman for his considera
TS* Äw in general what is his
of a civil establishment for the province ip
'„fddrimmtry? 10 ° e ^
a r depends upon' a most extensive know.
e j n ft ni ' te indeeü of the relations of men and
I things, times ami circumstances ; the positions of
* ec ,j n „ tbem and the designs of the rest of
P These relations change every moment;
thiiTst political prospect is forever doubtful
,• it C oniains too many objects for iny
b an(1 p cump peliension. My an
t | lcpetore l0 t i, e question " What is the pro
>, t esUb |isl.ment for the province in question,
PJ fae Riven by , he leyi.Uture of this country" is,
cannot tell. , ...
M«. ««"«« I po ke of an tfh
d bn()Wled ge of men and things, times and cir.
cumstances, and yet says, he cannot tell,
House.—R ead the minutes,
[The Clerk read the Minutes, as - r. ur a
had represented Hiem.J words ._n
SLaÄ, Ac.
that is, the question depends. The words • it de
pend»,' were left out. (Repeats as ab've.l
A. I have , ( '"*5$ the French aw *
Q Voesjic unde^s ^ ( . Qrmä yery wel] _
A do>;s he me>11 by the stj | e ut it!
'There is in every civilised country, in which
« system of civil lawsis established, a ianguag,
as there are in every art wid science words and
^llo plaetise Those arts and sciences; I
^ rr T t mvselfi-t ot always understood perfect,
r "> ae "^ 0 t , 7 frequently dispute
calls these aits ciaf s a 1 y j aw; p be y.
have * serious war. tor »hta ' 1
call lU tuh.rousi,
is a cant word.
It is

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