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finno men wauled to fill Gov't Service vacancies this year. Onl\ oc „,i, ,i common school €11 for most places. $oooo to #2,500 salaries. ' Dates and locations 01 next examinations and valuable information sent FREE on re quest. POTOMAC CIVIL SER VICE ACADEMY, Dep't B, Wash, D. C. married of Over 18 Years 01 Send $ 1.00 for a box oi < cidb capsu es and the secret of preparing with private informa tion for Married People, worth $50 to anybody. Guaranteed satisfactory, or money refunded. The only convenient, satisfac tory, safe and sure method to b< devised. Address, Ira F. Ebert. Specialist, Hedrick, Iowa. Dull particulars and Book of Secrets for a Dime. Secret Strengtli DeuelopRri. _ niedicin.', no operation. Rational ami sure. Mode of treatment sent anywhere Sando.v Sy delphia, Pa RMI No for One Dime, m, Box 8, Pliila Moiu'v—If you want to make M .11 W ledicirts. e sib! •; i. i ni l i it rm i I oiler c I.Ali'l LOUISIANA NPIX'll-1 agents. K.vronv. I/ike Charles, I,a. A 11 m ; d we will stud iU l uu Ken - ue, 4 «<•!. mi H p ■ mid put y >nr u-iiii' monthly fur niie y in tlie 4 gents Directory for ouc time five. S>nA No v. Address, The Echo, Waur.eta Neli For Baby's Sake ,m to have a bow want ynur littli. -hi- you don't Of vi le-g <1 chi d noi do >o him 'some boy to walk with Ids t nivtuinn, iu or liis knees splayed out—or worse still —knocked; uow do you? Wliv not stait right? its all in tho shoe If the shove are a you buv the baby, right ail is well. You will feel bettor you know that they are RIGHT. See to that miu get them just right. Several firms carry right shoes for Is We have uo other kind of shoes to one for women; for children, but just the right shoes bien. sell. None for men; ui for babies. Let papa, gr ludmotber, nurse or the lady ne vt door hold Precious uuder the lie t the pink toes anil pointed big-eu ugli piece of still arms heels lir.nly ou _ pftjior, firnw a pencil mark around them just ns they are. Don't leave that little bit of room but outline the feet exactly as rtch of them ; send us the piece of baby is tt bey or a pair of shoes thnt Send ft dollar you ti d them, mind von, for tu«) .T'; not :»lil'i ■II us ..hit girl 'in you Uu ,» are j ist rigid, rder. If the shoe l i,l with lh nri and we will keep n .no not just, right sc n new drawing and f y u ask it you right U«*' ! r t»> tltm-i !>'■ k 'ith ir, or r 1 dollar. \V, ite in us if yon want t. thiri-i about haMes. nothing. iiv wtF i tioi i- f We are women. THE BAUY UPPIjYOO., Wilkes Parro. I'a. l i u xvi rwrf i ''J-'JLlix . w A VC H ARE Y I wife, a liuslmn 1, n li utliir win is n Mo piii.i \ Wliiskv Have you sis i r Chloral, (iiiutm, i r Tobacco? nuH5 .. . .. , " u ' ' 1 ,, ,,■ ■ V " „• ' . -r t ,o illV 1\ fa c.i i.". " ■ . ' , , y cure any case <d ha i.im In • ■' " , ,i, >1,,. 'innd" ■ a 'luimstertd with the loon. a i Ti Cl ifni iC.i,' i We win se no i ui ■ or opiate pi"-' wake u p ' nc 'k •'ith throbbing need Black One of these tiny discs taken after each meal will vvi rk wonders They strengthen the heart; nourish the brain; 1 uiltl up the body and bring health mid happiness to the women. and nien who use them. Blae Diamonds bri g vim. vigor and virility to men and women. If veu "feel bad all ovei" take Black Diamonds, Tlie price is only 2 8 ' BcaTYou can buy them only of the The Block Diamond Company rn . 1 >i « Vn-a and Fsnfliuihvniid That 11 inlwH thoYwra ami fcBpMSB fa'iois.TiTisa.i can » Address THE QUAKER m»T pm iiliii., ■'•■Y. A DA BCpqt Dip/no,MD5. Weary, wretched women wonderfully wlien they take Tliev med them. Diamonds. Worn out men brains nnd aching pains r.ds. D a Address sole owners. 407 AVENUE C, SAN ANTONIO, TEX. gp~- IT IS --O R. T. MOODY, No. 840 ORANGE 8T. — QUEEN OF ITALIANS. A Cbtsngo Woman Who I. the Helpful Friend ofAHH.riuom The ruling spirit of Chicago's Italian quarter, tho political leader, the most pop n ] ar saloonist and the friend of all the push cart peddlers, fruit venders, rag m m EL % ■A < (II f / H iw. y Tj 'ft y #J •Si $ y//; -fas*-" v MIIS. ANNIE CA1ILO. pickers, etc., of Italian nativity, Is a woman. She is Mrs. Anuio Carlo. Along Pacific avenue she is known as "queen of tho Italians. " She is a young woin und strikingly haud an, not over some. She came from Naples with many of her relatives about 12 years ago, and since thou she has boon industriously gathering property and looking after tho needs of her countrymen. She is a natural leader and a born business wo man. Just how she happens to have so much influence over her people she ex plained iu an interview: "A-ah, yes, they call mo queen of Italians, " she said. "I know them all —hero on Pacific avenue—Nortli Sido— West Hide—everywhere. They come to mo, morning, night, all times. Today I go with man who buy fruit stand.. I see ho is not cheated. I sign leases; I tell him what to do. Tomorrow I go to court. Some Italian man fights. I sign bond and bo his lawyer. Tho judge, the bailiff—the—the—the clerk—thoy all know me. I rent houses—fivo—six— sovon hero on Pacifio avenno. I am— what you call—agent for Mrs. Bagley's teuemouts. I keep grocery; I keep sa loon. I never iu saloon—no, that not place for mo. I busy—busy all tho time. I get up somo time 4 o'clock. I go to bed at 12. Always so ninch to da The peoplo come. I get thorn work. I go with girls to candy factories. I find them places. I get men work; I know the bosses. Hundreds men I get work for. When man loses job, ho cotuos to me. I find pluco for him. " "And do they pay yon for that?" was asked. "No, no. Only somotimos. I not want pay. I glad always to help my peoplo." A WOMAN EDUCATOR. Miss Leila McKee, President of the West College F Tho idea that southern women do not take kindly to tho higher education is becoming obsolete, for such institutions as the Woman's collego of Baltimore have long ago proved it to bo a mistaken A brilliant oxumplo of the educa Women. ono. idigffii M/mm |. ^Ly Mi&jM 'VvVs, & ■K urn. t j m ■011 m w t. - <y MISS LEILA M'ltiSE eights to which a typical Ken tacky girl may rise is tho career of Miss Leila McKee, the fanious presidenti of tlie Western Collego lor M omen at Ox ford, O. Born and reared in the blue grass region, Miss McKee is a thorough southerner, but at the siinio time sho has gained for herself a place auioug tho foremost educators of tho day. r< m r, ... T , , „ Her father, tha Rev. John L. McKee of Danville, was ior 25 years vice presi dent of Center college, Danville, from which institution lie resigned lust Juno, being made vieo president emeritus. Miss McKeo went from private schools to Caldwell college ami in loii was graduated from wbafc was then tho Western Female seminary at Oxford, O. By special consent of the faculty she then entered Center collego, being the first woman student to do so. bno took the complete course aud was graduated with honors, receiving a classical de greo. Noxt she entered Wellesley, from which she received a bachelor's dogree in 1880. In the same year Center col logo conferred upon her tlio degree of A. M. and that of Ph. D. iu 1892. For a timo Miss MuKee occupied the chair of Greek literature and philosophy iu Caldwell collego, and in 1888 sho was called to the presidency of tho Western Female seminary. That posi tion she has held ever iiuoo. During her administration tho seminary has become u college. It has been no mere nominal change, but under hor skillful and en terprising direction the curriculum has boon broadened to the full dignity of u collego courso aud classical degrees are now conferred. Madagascar says the snakes of that iargs island are not poisonous aud that a nfc live would as soon kill a man as one gb* (eptiles. They aro not aftaid of men ** The Sunday Sun only one cent, JKftiiitlMoii' Muakoi Kot PoIhooom* Ac American who has returned from Many of Our Famous Clinrchgolng liolla Come From Abroad, but Just as Good Ones Aro Made Here -Some Detail, of Their Manufacture. MAKING OF BIG BELLS. CHIMES FOE CHURCH SPIEE3. An Industry In Which American Founders Excel. Tlie churcbgoiug bell long ago ceased . to ho a necessity, but there are yet no signs that it is becoming obsolete. On the contrary, the bell founders seem to be just as busy as ever, for every now and then a now sot of chimos is ordered by some prosperous church. Only a short time ago a chime of 19 bells was hung in tho belfry of St. Patrick's ca thedral, New York. They wero import ed from Savoy, Italy, at a cost of over $ 12 , 000 . Tho most famous bellmakers aro prob ably those of various Enropean coun tries who disputo honors with each oth m ,3B, •ajs-jB ; St m i asf'R wft ....... '-T' 2 --' Mi ( IN THE CASTING TIT. or, but in the United States thoro are bellmakers who can mako just as big aud just as good bells as anybody. Iu fact tbo largest bell on this continent was oast only a year ago in Cincinnati, and in Baltimore is the McShane bell foun dry, whore bells of great size aro made for churches all over tho world. Possibly it was duo to tho unique character of tho industry, but my first visit to a big bell fouudry loft a lasting and vivid impression on my mind. Tho exterior was prosaic enough, with its bare brick walls and infrequent, smoky, dingy windows. Tho first glimpse of tho interior was uninteresting too. But when after passing through the big and comfortable offices and the barron pattern room I stepped into tho great room whoro tho monarebs of sound real ly eomo into being I realized that it was uo ordinary workshop. Over in one corner the dim daylight was streaked with flashes of gorgeous color and grimy men worked about blazing pots. It reminded mo of ouo of the scenes from Irving's "Faust"—that ouo in which Mephistophelos takes tho wicked doctor on a little underground scouting trip. But there was really nothiug super natural about either tho pots or tbo men. Tho latter wi re tho bellmakers and the blazing pots were tho crucibles in which tho hell metal was being prepared. There is a certain fascination about an iron furnace, and there is no denying that a stream of molten metal has a sort of savage, terrifying beauty nil its own, but boiling copper has far greater charms. When a crucible lid was lifted, a flood of rainbow tinted light streamed up into the semidarkness. Orange, vio let, roso pink and bright green of the most dolicato and vivid hues danced above the bubbling metal. It was dis tinctly weird and impressively beauti ful. In spite of frequent denials the popu lar notion still survives that more or i less silver is used in making bell metal. % tQ bfi „ md0i the alloy being arranged ac 00rd i„ g to the ideas of tho particular BUle xtiug master who has charge of tho wor ] 5 xr 0 ur parts of copper to one of tin js un „ „ ratio , an d, although this j a modified iu a hundred ways, the pro portions nro never radically changed. Small quantities of silver are, it is true, 6umo tjmes used, but only as a matter of 6t , u tinient when contributed by iudivid ua i s or societies interested in the hell, Tbo bcll foullt]< , rs themselves never buy a s ji vcr f nr HUC ij a purpose, aud they ar0 anluzed ,,t t ) 10 fienso ignorance dis by people whoso first question ■ 'n»iiw ,l ' l * r Ti / \\ U/} / J) /J. jf n V)- - TrrrJS& BtiRiP* pi \W7teaMjimrmgMSH —- -7— —| 1 1_> polishing a mo bell. nbont bcllmaking is, "Howmuch silver 1 1 have reason to know J bcciiuso that was tlio gist of my 1 , should silver ho used in any large 'quantity proportionately to tho other metals it would not "sweeten tho tone," according to tlie tradition, but would injure it. Lead is sometimes usod in lnl | qn axitities to soften the tone and „ji vc r might answer as a substitute in bQt it wou i d no t do nearly so , b nl otaL Zinc, which is ^»■>. «. j Job IVnting. Give us a trial. S wm lends a shrill, piercing quality to the tone. But it is not so much the material as the shapo and size of the bell which determines its tone. The Chinese make barTel shaped bells, but bcllmakers of most other countries follow approxi mately the rulo observed by tho German bell founders. According to this rule the thickness of the sound bow, where the clapper strikes the bell, which is the thickest part, shall be taken as a unit. Then tho height would be 12 times this, the diameter of the mouth 15 and the diameter of the top just half as much. Thus if tho bell were to bo a foot thick, at tho sound bow it would be 12 feot in height, 15 feet across the mouth and 7feet through the top. A sym metrical clapper would be one-fortieth the woight of the whole bell. Of course these proportions are not strictly adhered to, for each individual bell founder has his own idea as to how they should be modified. These he guards with as much secrecy as does tho designer of a racing yacht his mod el. Having determined upon the dimen sions, a full sized section is drawn on paper, and from this half section board molds aro made whose edges represent the contour of the outer and inner sur faces. All big bells are cast in pits dug in the floor of tho foundry. In the center of the pit a pilo of brickwork is built up, space being left in this for a fire to ha built. Over tho bricks is laid fire clay until tho inside mold, swung on a pivot from the top, shows that it just ents the inside of the bell. This is the cure. After its surface has beeu smoothed and prepared a fire is lighted inside the brickwork aud the clay hard eu< d. ri | The copo, tho other half of the mold, is prepared by lining a shell of iron sheeting with firo clay molded so that its inside surface corresponds to tho out side of the bell. The cope is next low ered into tho pit so that tho space be tween it and tho core is just tho size of the bell to be cast. Now tho earth is packed tightly around the exterior of the cope and the pit completely filled, an opening having been left, of course, through which the molten alloy can be run. Tho metal for big bells is never cast in one big furnace, but in several small ones, aud tho copper aud tin are molted separately because nothing would be left of tho latter if it should be subjected to tho inteuso heat of the copper cruci bles. "Soup" is the term the founders apply to the bell metal, and it requires a uice judgment to know when the soup is ready for the casting. Little chan nels of clay are laid along tho floor, and tbrongh these tho golden stream finds its way into the mold. Bell casting used to bo a perilous busiuoss, as the mold sometimes hurst and scattered liquid doath far aud wide. Nowadays such ac cidents are avoided by the use of the sheet iron covering over tho cope, but even with this precaution an explosion is possible. About the ringing of big bells a great deal of poor verse aud some really beau tiful poetry has beeu written, but so far as I know the only poet who has sung „ 0DS „ KOU . rlllt cn rI , y ! rinut'A " Tf vxthrv 1 ou«f nopm iii 1 WG1 v * I r -3-Air 31 W' . l/'v' - ro Jll3D.30jn i is *"■ I vsv'zzr m0 wllcther or not tllcy nU really do ^ 1 ^ they , i ; , j should be a nation of helluiakers, for nothing seems to ho omitted. Schiller evidently recognized tho danger of tha critical point in the operation, for ha writes: Lot tho casting bo begun! Traced already is tho broach, Yet before we let it run Heaven's protecting aid beseech. Lot the plug now fly! Way God's help bo nigh! In tin? mold all Firo blown billows with tierce gush. Bells of large size must ho left to cool | for several days in the mold, the larger | the bell, the lunger the time. But at last the earth is shoveled out of the pit, tlie iron shell of tlie copo removed , pud the clay skin of the mold broken, , tho great It is then ; By means of a ponderous cram boll is lifted out of tho pit, 8moot j lt}( | all( j polislied and hung in tbo timing room. If it is part of a ehimo, its tone must not only ho pure, but of ; such a pitch us to harmonize with the rest. So accurately do hell founders know just what dimensions will produce a certain tone that sometimes a set of a dozen hells come from tho molds each with tho exact tone needed. These aro called "maiden chimes" aud aro consul ered of much more valuo than those whose tone must bo ultorod by chipping and planing. As to tho technical terms used iu de scribing tho various parts of a bell, the sharp edge of the open mouth is known as the rim; the spreading pnrt above, where tho clapper strikes, the "sound bow;" tho narrowest part, still higher up, tho "waist;" the sudden bend at tho top, tho "shoulder," aud the ban dies, tho "caneus. " About tho various ways of ringing bells, about change riuging and the playing of "bob majors" and "tripU bob cators" and the like, thero is maob that is interesting; but, as Kipling say», "that's another story." __ Subscribe for The Sunday Sun. , iking rush. ANOTHEK ELDORADO. | THE LATEST RUSH OF THE BOLD I SEEKERS IS TO WYOMING. The Kew Digging, at Furgatory Caleb Are Said to Be at tho Bonanza Order. | Soine Monster Nugget.—The Begion The gold fover seems to have become epidemic. It has almost come to such a pass that it is considered an off day whoa somo now goldfield is not discov ered which "rivals the Klondike." Difficult of Access. Even staid old New England has gone into tho El Dorado business, for, lacking facilities tor placer mining, some enter prising citizens of Connecticut have dug up the old theory of the possibility of ( extracting gold from sea water, and ! they actually claim to have their appa- j ratus for accomplishing this long sought j end in practical operation. The public seems to have lost much of Its old time distrust of gold strike yarns, hut as yet thoro has been uo rush to stake out claims alone tho Atlantic seacoast. In southern Wyoming, however, a discovery lias been made which is re ceiving much serious attention. Inci dentally it is causing no little excite ment. A white quartz bowlder, not much larger tliun an ordinary wagon wheel, is tho center of interest. It is what minors term a "surfacofloat," for when first found it showed traces of gold. Upon closer examination this mass of flinty rock was found to bo hon eycombed with tho precious yellow met al, and it is stated that tho rock holds uo less than $24,684 worth of puro gold. Just how tho able boomers of the Wyoming Golconda have ascertained tho exact value of tiiis monster nugget I do not know, but exact mathematical iu formation never seems to he wanting concerning new goldfields no matter how recent their discovery. This golden bowlder was found in Purgatory gulch, a name, by tho way, § i m ™ % l VtX , m AAWTOGff 8| CEDA *%^NC*m<ENTi IE l E < 1 wag —■ K& gwn ia fjtrmiNlfa -~^\f COLO *' A2 ^ S ( 3H <>* L DIAGRAM OF WYOMING'S NEW GOLDFIELDS. to delight the soul of Bret Harte. Pur gatory gulch, it might ho well to men tion, is in the very heart of the Sierra Madre mountains, aud through it runs Grand Encampment river, a tributary of tho Platte. Like most goldfields, this braud new Wyoming camp is almost in accessible. Tho gulch is (10 miles from the nearest railroad and is shut iu fr«m civilization by mountain barriers for 100 miles to tho south, east and west, leaving tho only entrance from the north, whence it may bo approached from auy ouo of a half dozen stations aloug the Union Pacific. Since the big find miners have been swarming into tho vicinity from all parts of the west and excitement is at fever heat. Thu customary mining ex perts havo bobbed up aud havo eutliusi astically declared that the surface indi cations aro richer than those of Load villo or Uripplo Crook. Quartz showing j ma( ' 0, lode, " or original vein, from which | have been washed as out* i these pii croppings. Four miles southwest of tho now town of Grand Encampment which has sprung up iu the gulch is a moun tain generously sprinkled with this golden float. Tho prospectors havo al ready named it the Mountain of Gold, mid each uiid every ono of them firmly believes that somewhere iu tho solid breast of that mount runs a streak of oro iu'which aro tons of pure gold. All sorts of fascinating stories ore being told about tho Mountain of Gold. Here is a sample: "Pieces of float uo largor than liens' eggs have been found to contain from 50 cents to $1 worth of free gold aud chosen chunks havo assayed as high as $71,000 a ton.' considered that ore which yields $110 to the tou, about tho value of rock taken from tho famous Portland miuti at Orip plo Creek, is considered rich, it will be seen that this is a good story to toll. The mountain is traversed by nine great parallel dikes of heavily mineral- ■ izod quartz. These dikes are all tech nically described as "cropping" and stand out as plainly as tho rows in a cornfield. They aro separated from j each other by quartzite and mica soliist, | and the miners believe that in tlio bowels of tho mountain they converge and form ouo great body of oro. It is said that great dikes of white quartz rise often four aud fivo feot above tlie ground, aud their surface shows particles of free gold even to tlie nuked eye. These conditions are unusual in quartz mining, aud ovon the alleged ex ports who are ou tho spot admit that they are unable to make an intelligent estimate as to the character or value of the hhldon rock. Thus far tho deeps* shaft sunk in the canyon is down only 2i> feet, aud tlio vein has widened from 0 inches to 3.^ feet. Tlio reported assay is $1,821. l(i a tou, aud if t his is s6 the richest mine in the world is not in the Yukon region, hut m southern Wyo When it is Subscribe for The Sun. IN CELESTIAL GARB. Ur*. Wu'i Continue. Excite Wonder and Admiration In Washington. Of all tho feminine costumes worn at state receptions in the national capital those of Mrs. Wu, wife of the Chinese minister, seem to excite the greatest in terest and wonder. Mrs. Wu, bo it known, is a celestial aristocrat of tho first water. She is of puro Chinese b]ood unn) jxed w ffh any of Manchuri uu „ r jgi u . More than that, she is a "little foot woman," which, as is well i fA rm 1 Pi m mm. t: fiMim I i i safe M f il... I; , m MI13. WO. known, is a passport to swell society anywhere in southern China, equal official rank with her husband and may at any tiuio enter or leave a with him instead of following meekly behind. As the right to wear special decora tions and forms of apparel goes with all degrees of Chinese rank and as Mrs. Wu is an oriental blue blood of ancient lineage there is nothing quiet about her costume when she is dressed for state occasions. Perhaps the most striking thing about her court gown is tho eaglo emblazoned with golden threads on her breast. The tunic of purple and black affords a magnificent background for embroideries of extreme richness and brilliancy. The petticoat, which is one of the prettiest parts of a Chinese lady's dress, hangs about a foot below tho up per robe aud is of bright reds aud blues with golden panels. The peculiar headgear which Mrs. Wu wears is unlike any conception of the milliner's art with which wo are familiar. It is a turban consisting of a simple hand of black silk, with a single but splendid jewel iu front aud a clus ter of small flowers at each ear. The manner iu which Mrs. Wu wears her hair does not indicate that it is merely tho Chinese fashion of the day. It de notes the province from which she came, for in each province thero is a special coiffure which has beeu adopted for all time aud which is never varied. Sho is of room 'pi,i s p UtH t( , n S q n! p,] s p wu K1| j U g 0 u in tin y 0ars p, ;l scheuui \vh jq lia ted as "„ grand gift ci were tho prizes. Tho capital prize was ^ ^ ^ sa# ENGINEERS' HOME. Probable Consummation of the Long De layed Project at Mattoon, Ills. After much patient effort and the overcoming of many obstacles a scheme which was projected more than 14 years ago to provide a home for tho dependent widows aud orphans of deceased mem bers of tho Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers is to he carried into execution. Acting iu his official rapacity, President P. M. Arthur of the brotherhood bought the other day for this purpose a tract of land at Mnttonu, Ills., known as Meadow Lawn farm. The purchase was made at public sale, and the price paid was $17, 450. ;blo which courts* for :h was dos icprn" was so of ruisiug uioiicy ». It was really a ,'liich trad^ of land \ ? . % •K kwij/&s aC res of tho best black soil in Illinois. At first tlio raffle promised to be a huge suecess.butthosaleoftieketswussud deuly stopped by the Coles count# grand jury, which indicted John H. Guilfoil aud M. C. Nixon, who were managing the affair, but tho scheme was nut killed, drawing took pluco secretly at Terre Haute. At tho final moment 25 tickets still remained uusolil, nnd these were pu t in tho w heel for the benefit of tho order. One of those tickets drew the tapitul prize. Many complications fol lowed, and at length Guilfoil was made trustee of the laud. l„ 1889 tho brotherhood officials do cidod to take possession of tho laud and establish the home, but Guilfoil refused to give it up. Then a suit was begun which was twice carried to the supreme court. Finally Guilfoil was ousted and the land ordered sold -at auction. It was at this sale that Chief Arthur made the purchase, and tho buildings for the home y m m "y ; . l >5 P. M. ARTIIUli. .-out into hiding, Tho Botli of these men will soon bo erected. Read Tiie Sunday Sun.