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are unwilling, however, that the interests and welfare of all tho white inhabitants should bo neglected in order that the Legislature should devote its time, at the peoples expense, to the eu uetmeut of laws solely for tho benefit of that very small minority of our cominuni ty, the slaveholders. We say look to tho white man—-the poor, uneducated whit'* inun of our little Stale ; protrot him, elc vote him, puss lows to keep him train run ningto the devil and you will do some good. , j , t Our positions nro, first—'Delaware need» to educate her people. Second—P la needs a largo iiioreaaoof population.. 1 bird—Delawure must establish a better system of Agriculture. No advauoe ha been made iu our system of schools oxeept in tho city of Wilmington. Our people do not understand, nor do they appreci ate a Common School System of Educa tion. Most of the sohools we have visitod more shams, useless humbugs—dirty, ill arranged, uncomfortable shanties—fij-st rato for pig-pens, very poor for school pur poses. Wo will not, iu this article, argue the question ot Education, or present our readers any statistics of Crime and Pau perism, to show how those two are tho grim attendants on Ignorance. Wc desire, at this time, to suggest that means should be taken to draw tlio attention of German and English Agricultural Emigrants to our State. We know that our position as a Slave State is a drawback—that emi grants are opposed, as is showu by tho his tory of tho South and West, to emigrating to a Slave State. It can bo demonstrated, however, that we have only the name, and lhat»iu a few years Slavory will exist on the statute book rather than iu the-house or field. In WILMINGTON, DELAWARE. Wilmington, April 1.1858. Dr. A. II. GRIBK 8 IIA 1 V, DR J. STRADLBV, - ■ ■ ^ Editor. *■ • Publsher. OUR STATE. It becomes our duty, as faithful moni tors of the people, as editor of a newspaper, readers a few facts which tho. develop ment of tho resources of our State. Delaware ought to command an emi gration of twenty thousand souls during the next five years. This, compared with Western emigrutio ', is a mere trifle ; yot it would add materially to the wealth of State. Plant five thousand industrious, enterprising, thrifty German farmers in Kent and Suss x counties, and ihc " wil demos* will blossom as tho havo set to lay before seem to have a bearing : ." We figures low—fifty thousand might be added to the population, and the increase would scarcely bo noted, except by the development of our agricultural re sources. Tho interest of our State is not in the perpetuation of Slavery, neither is it benefited by manifesting an undue flun keyism, or, if you please, doughfaccism, in passing law after law upon the subject of Negroes. We do not belong to that class which expend* its energy on the colored brederen" ; we arc willing that, as a Christian community, this portion of our! people should be fairly, kindly and justly dealt with ; Hundred in Sussex coun ty, in a population of seven hundred vo ters, only thirty-throe persons aro interest ed in Slavery, owning only one hundred «nd thirteen slaves. It is clear that this meed be no draw-back to the emigration of whittf agriculturists. The great mistake in Delaware is that wo cling to tho old custom of owning large tracts of land. A man may farm twenty thousand acres of land, and farm them well ; he would require, however, as large a oapital as that of the mjst extensive Ma chine Shop. Mon in Dolawaro who own five hundrod, and one thousand acres of land, are, in mostcasos, poor men. Year after year has passed away, yet we do not notice that the productions of our farms are increasing as they should ; nor do we see the swamps drained by privato outer prise and out of private resources ; many acres lie, unproductive, in timber. We hold that timber land cannot pay to be re tainod as timber land, where land lies at tho very door of three of the best markets in the world, with land in New Castle county selling at one hundred dollars an acre. I he interest will soon consume the profits. We do not see comfortable barns and well arranged cattle sheds ; we see a board shanty that will hold one or two toii3 of hay, and a shivering, half-fed horse; Cur cuttle Ms are roofed with cornstalks, mil our corn-cribs, with the broad firmament itself. Let the farmer who has five hundred acres of land, sell four hundred of them, at any price ; give time for the purchase Md and build a burn. These works will am- j ploy mechanics und laborers, and tho pro. ducts of tho land will bo consumed on the i spot Your hundred acres you retain | will, in three years, be more valuable and . more productive than your original five hundred. We must repeat our words, we need a great influx of agricultural labor and cap iial, or Delaware will be blotted out of ex isteuco as a sovereign State— " And I only am left to tell tho tale, A will be the mourn fnlcry ot some wretch in the forests of I g u ^ (1 ^ , j „.. , .. , . .... I * he word which heads our article is in i | the mouth of every one. It is frequently ! j misapplied, yet in very significant. Let ! | u , lderstand it , 0 a fotward , , .• ,.. . ■ | " ' le st ppin 0 forward, glance back an J* lra ' c 1 rjgfiß in oue ,l,e ; Arts. Which shall we choose! Ah 1 a stately carriage rolls along—we willclioo-e the Art of Cosoh Msking. üur render ! ; i.„„i lg .„ d „■ yt„h„„ i . I "'"a' 18 »'«' 8 »J 8 . why^ Couch Making has uo history, no antecedents, no progress.— j Turn oVor iho pages of a pictorial history, | or vi.it a musvum and examine the medal Ho... of-he eutiquary, and you will find . . .. .: , tl " ,tCo " ;U MaklD g has a mstory, ami a interesting one, also, Wc have before us a work in which is . j PROGRESS. depicted the putterusor model* of anoicut and modern vehicles. In 4 this the development of the magnificent coach from the rude cart. Here we find pic tures of the carriages of the Ancient Egyptians and Romans, ns wcllns^hose of tho more modern and less civilized na tions of South America. Wo contrast these with patterns of most elegant and graceful veh cles of all names and sixes uow used by refioed Dations. If Queen Elisabeth's state carriage offered for sale, no one would buy it for an ox cart. The boy* would shout after a lady traversing our streets in such a lumbering concern. « Within trace recollection, much change, and not only much chauge, bu* much progress lias been made in the Art of Carriage Making. The carriages of the present day combine lightness with ïtrongth, elegance with durability, and gracefulness with comfort. As with other mechanical arts, much ha* been gained by a division of labor. We have our body wheel maker, our trim mer, our painter and our decorator_the latter of whom must be a tasteful ful artist. maker and skip Wo are induced to make these remarks by a visit to the extensive Coach Factory friend, Mr. Henry Pretzschner.— His factory is situated ou the corner of Fourth and Walnut streets, in this city.— of The lot is one hundred and twenty by one hundred and forty feet. Mr. Pretnchuer , . , J" erectcd u P on 11 one bnck hmhh "B hundred by forty feet, four stones iu height, and an additional shop sixty feet long by twenty-four feet wide, three sto— ri es high. Mr. Pretzschner'a establish ® . , ......... -, ment 18 the * ar 6 Ml wlth,n tho hm,t9 '•>« city of Wilmington. Ho turns outsat present two hundred carriages a year, . in d j n good times, with a full compliment of band be ca „ make three hundred. _. .. : .. , _ H» 8 ve,ncles af0 8Cnt to ft U toe Southern States, rat her a place whero art «o"'" 1 - — '»»»cate, spider-like, j fairy-formed sulkey and trotting wagon the doctors close buggy, or the stiff top i Jersey wagon—tho doe wagon and the | barouohe _ the fami , oacb aad (1]0 rock . t . , T n , . ... . . aw ?y- Mr. Pretechner is a tkfiful artist !luli accomplished mechanic. His work * s P er ^ ect *y reliable and equal in all re* epects to that of any manufacturer in the Dinted States, .. , T • i I P^'-gof Le S" U S T £ T , tion thereon, that there were " no Schools in Milford." We meant—and so the e i* j itor of the Peninsular News ought to have understood, from rite context—Public, f ree or Common Schools. Wo ro eat, i lhat tbe largea , tow „ in Delaware—a most ! thriving and prosperous, ! some town —has no public school open at this time, supported by Tax. As for the ■ unkind fling about our being the " pro - Uce superintendent of public bools," ; we havo only to say that, while we have devoted a large »bare of our time to tho cause of Education, during tho last ten ! y° a r*. without fee or compensation, but at I considerable expense to ourself, the State of Delswuro nevwiUl offitrjaffioientoom. His 'arc room is a curiosity shop, or be studied. 1 i Neff* We mentioned in our last, i well as hand pensntion, or salary, to a superintendent to secure tho services of Dr. Grimshaw. For full information on tho subject of the $3,000 spent in Milford ou public schools —over the left—wc refer our readers to our Report to the la>t Legislature, as well a* to that of the Auditor. In those he will find the figures. Wo are obliged to our friend for his nomination, " A Town Purchased in One Man. —The vülago of Lowsville, Mouongahela county, Va., purchased a few days since by Jonathan MoKeek. The pur chase included a very valuable mill pro perty, storehouse, and several dwellings, together with a well improved farm of about seventy five-aores. The sum paid was $10,000 caah."— Exchange. What a commentary on tho valuo of property and prosperity of any region of country I We ask, why suoh property sold at suoh a rate ? We ask Sonator Hammond whether *he could purohase such a property in New Castle county for that price ! wc ask, where, in the North, such an estate would be sold for a mere song! We shall have more to say on this subject in our next paper. Try Grimsbaw's Worm Lozenges. Buy Grimshaw's Worm Lozenges. Dr. GRIMSHAW'S Preparations are re liable. His Cbemioalr are pure and his Drugs fresh. If you want brushos, combs or fancy ar ticles, buy of Dr. Grimshaw. you want perfumery, buy of Dr. Grimshaw. [f pain. PILES. Apply Grimsbaw's Pile Liniment. It will soothe the inflammation and relieve School Pen. and J. B. Porter's 303 ultra P 0 " 9 » " r * tke best in the market, . t Re^raber J. B. Porter's 116 Market ** rec L ft bovo 4th. GRIMSHAW'S INK. Fotf sale, wholesale and retail, at Por ter's, Roberts' and Cheesemau'* book stores, atid at the taaket's, No. 1Ö1 Mar* ket street. Legible Writing* A great many of our people are contin ually complaining of not being able to write well. This may, in a great measure, be attributed to the pen, ink, or paper, or perhaps to all. If you have bad paper, ink abd pens, you cannot write well. In order to remedy this defect, call oö $. B. Porter, 115 Market street, and get some of " hü pens," a quantity of good writing, letter or note paper, (of which he always has a great variety on hand) and a boltlo of good ink. Paper of every variety, J. B. Porter's Bank Pens, J. B. Porter's 851 THE GIRL'S DELIGHT. This beautiful and amusing little toy consists of a series of paper dolls, two setts 1 of furniture, and a paper house. Every i one thinks this tbe best thing for amusing children that has ever been offered to the public. For sale, wholesale and retail, by J. B. Porter, 115 Marketstreet. Do you want Ink, blaok, blue or red !-*• Call ou J. B. Porter, 115 Market it. Do you want Pens T— J. B. Porter has the best in the market. Do you want Paper I—J. B. Porter has the besi qualities. Do you want Envelopes !—J. B. Por ter's is the place to get them. Do you want good Lead Pencils !—J. B. Porter has them cheaper than any other place. Do you want handsome Bibles ?—J. B. Porter has a largo assortment, cheap. Do you warn J. B. Portor has a choice selection. Do yon want blank books, pass books or check books ?—J. B. Porter haé them of the best paper and latest patterns. Do you want school books ?— J. B. Por has the latest editions. Do you want books, stationery, or fancy articles!—J. B. Porter has them cheap. The public arc invited to give him a call and examine his large and Aortipeut. Don't forget, 115 Market street. select as THE HANNAH MORE Academy, WILMINGTON, DELAW ARB. (Corner of 8th and West streets.) Principals«— Misses C. k I. Grim shaw and A. H. Grimshaw, A. M., M. D. This Institution has been established for many years. In It, pupils are given instruction in the most useful branches, without any effort to produee show by making a display of useless and epheme ral " accomplishments" Pupils an trained how to learn—not crammed with dates and faets and unmeaning phrases. A few more pupils ean be aooommoda led. The building was erected by the Prie* cipals for the use of tbe Academy. It is large, commodious and cheerful. It » well heated, thoroughly ventilated and lighted by gas, giving great Maturity against risk from fire. For particulars, M# Circulars, which will be sent by mail <m application to the Principals.