are unwilling, however,
that the interests and welfare of all tho
white inhabitants should bo neglected in
order that the Legislature should devote
its time, at the peoples expense, to the eu
uetmeut of laws solely for tho benefit of
that very small minority of our cominuni
ty, the slaveholders. We say look to tho
white man—-the poor, uneducated whit'*
inun of our little Stale ; protrot him, elc
vote him, puss lows to keep him train run
ningto the devil and you will do some
good. , j , t
Our positions nro, first—'Delaware need»
to educate her people. Second—P la
needs a largo iiioreaaoof population..
1 bird—Delawure must establish a better
system of Agriculture. No advauoe ha
been made iu our system of schools oxeept
in tho city of Wilmington. Our people
do not understand, nor do they appreci
ate a Common School System of Educa
tion. Most of the sohools we have visitod
more shams, useless humbugs—dirty,
ill arranged, uncomfortable shanties—fij-st
rato for pig-pens, very poor for school pur
poses. Wo will not, iu this article, argue
the question ot Education, or present our
readers any statistics of Crime and Pau
perism, to show how those two are tho
grim attendants on Ignorance. Wc desire,
at this time, to suggest that means should
be taken to draw tlio attention of German
and English Agricultural Emigrants to
our State. We know that our position as
a Slave State is a drawback—that emi
grants are opposed, as is showu by tho his
tory of tho South and West, to emigrating
to a Slave State. It can bo demonstrated,
however, that we have only the name, and
lhat»iu a few years Slavory will exist on
the statute book rather than iu the-house
or field. In
Wilmington, April 1.1858.
Dr. A. II. GRIBK 8 IIA 1 V,
DR J. STRADLBV, -
■ ■ ^ Editor.
*■ • Publsher.
It becomes our duty, as faithful moni
tors of the people, as editor of a newspaper,
readers a few facts which
ment of tho resources of our State.
Delaware ought to command an emi
gration of twenty thousand souls during
the next five years. This, compared with
Western emigrutio ', is a mere trifle ; yot it
would add materially to the wealth of
State. Plant five thousand industrious,
enterprising, thrifty German farmers in
Kent and Suss x counties, and ihc " wil
demos* will blossom as tho
to lay before
seem to have a bearing
figures low—fifty thousand
might be added to the population, and the
increase would scarcely bo noted, except
by the development of our agricultural re
sources. Tho interest of our State is not
in the perpetuation of Slavery, neither is it
benefited by manifesting an undue flun
keyism, or, if you please, doughfaccism, in
passing law after law upon the subject of
Negroes. We do not belong to that class
which expend* its energy on the colored
brederen" ; we arc willing that, as a
Christian community, this portion of our!
people should be fairly, kindly and justly
dealt with ;
Hundred in Sussex coun
ty, in a population of seven hundred vo
ters, only thirty-throe persons aro interest
ed in Slavery, owning only one hundred
«nd thirteen slaves. It is clear that this
meed be no draw-back to the emigration
of whittf agriculturists.
The great mistake in Delaware is that
wo cling to tho old custom of owning large
tracts of land. A man may farm twenty
thousand acres of land, and farm them
well ; he would require, however, as large
a oapital as that of the mjst extensive Ma
chine Shop. Mon in Dolawaro who own
five hundrod, and one thousand acres of
land, are, in mostcasos, poor men. Year
after year has passed away, yet we do not
notice that the productions of our farms
are increasing as they should ; nor do we
see the swamps drained by privato outer
prise and out of private resources ; many
acres lie, unproductive, in timber. We
hold that timber land cannot pay to be re
tainod as timber land, where land lies at
tho very door of three of the best markets
in the world, with land in New Castle
county selling at one hundred dollars an
acre. I he interest will soon consume the
profits. We do not see comfortable barns
and well arranged cattle sheds ; we see a
board shanty that will hold one or two
toii3 of hay, and a shivering, half-fed
horse; Cur cuttle Ms are roofed with
cornstalks, mil our corn-cribs, with the
broad firmament itself.
Let the farmer who has five hundred
acres of land, sell four hundred of them,
at any price ; give time for the purchase
and build a burn. These works will am- j
ploy mechanics und laborers, and tho pro.
ducts of tho land will bo consumed on the i
spot Your hundred acres you retain |
will, in three years, be more valuable and .
more productive than your original five
We must repeat our words, we need a
great influx of agricultural labor and cap
iial, or Delaware will be blotted out of ex
isteuco as a sovereign State— " And I only
am left to tell tho tale, A will be the mourn
fnlcry ot some wretch in the forests of I
g u ^ (1 ^ ,
„.. , .. , . ....
I * he word which heads our article is in i
| the mouth of every one. It is frequently !
j misapplied, yet in very significant. Let !
| u , lderstand it , 0 a fotward
, , .• ,.. . ■
| " ' le st ppin 0 forward, glance
back an J* lra ' c 1 rjgfiß in oue ,l,e ;
Arts. Which shall we choose! Ah 1 a
stately carriage rolls along—we willclioo-e
the Art of Cosoh Msking. üur render !
; i.„„i lg .„ d „■ yt„h„„ i . I
"'"a' 18 »'«' 8 »J 8 . why^ Couch Making has
uo history, no antecedents, no progress.—
j Turn oVor iho pages of a pictorial history,
| or vi.it a musvum and examine the medal
Ho... of-he eutiquary, and you will find
. . .. .: ,
tl " ,tCo " ;U MaklD g has a mstory, ami a
interesting one, also,
Wc have before us a work in which is
depicted the putterusor model* of anoicut
and modern vehicles. In 4 this
the development of the magnificent coach
from the rude cart. Here we find pic
tures of the carriages of the Ancient
Egyptians and Romans, ns wcllns^hose
of tho more modern and less civilized na
tions of South America. Wo contrast
these with patterns of most elegant and
graceful veh cles of all names and sixes
uow used by refioed Dations.
If Queen Elisabeth's state carriage
offered for sale, no one would buy it for
an ox cart. The boy* would shout after
a lady traversing our streets in such a
lumbering concern. «
change, and not only much chauge, bu*
much progress lias been made in the Art
of Carriage Making. The carriages of the
present day combine lightness with
ïtrongth, elegance with durability, and
gracefulness with comfort. As with other
mechanical arts, much ha* been gained by
a division of labor. We have
wheel maker, our trim
mer, our painter and our decorator_the
latter of whom must be a tasteful
Wo are induced to make these remarks
by a visit to the extensive Coach Factory
friend, Mr. Henry Pretzschner.—
His factory is situated ou the corner of
Fourth and Walnut streets, in this city.—
The lot is one hundred and twenty by one
hundred and forty feet. Mr. Pretnchuer
, . ,
J" erectcd u P on 11 one bnck hmhh "B
hundred by forty feet, four stones iu
height, and an additional shop sixty feet
long by twenty-four feet wide, three sto—
ri es high. Mr. Pretzschner'a establish
® . , ......... -,
ment 18 the * ar 6 Ml wlth,n tho hm,t9 '•>«
city of Wilmington. Ho turns outsat
present two hundred carriages a year,
. in d j n good times, with a full compliment
of band be ca „ make three hundred.
_. .. : .. , _
H» 8 ve,ncles af0 8Cnt to ft U toe Southern
rat her a place whero art
«o"'" 1 - — '»»»cate, spider-like,
j fairy-formed sulkey and trotting wagon
the doctors close buggy, or the stiff top
i Jersey wagon—tho doe wagon and the
| barouohe _ the fami , oacb aad (1]0 rock . t
. , T n , . ... . .
aw ?y- Mr. Pretechner is a tkfiful artist
!luli accomplished mechanic. His work
* s P er ^ ect *y reliable and equal in all re*
epects to that of any manufacturer in the
.. , T • i
I P^'-gof Le S" U S T £ T
, tion thereon, that there were " no Schools
in Milford." We meant—and so the e i*
j itor of the Peninsular News ought to have
understood, from rite context—Public,
f ree or Common Schools. Wo ro eat,
i lhat tbe largea , tow „ in Delaware—a most
! thriving and prosperous,
! some town —has no public school open at
this time, supported by Tax. As for the
■ unkind fling about our being the " pro
- Uce superintendent of public bools,"
; we havo only to say that, while we have
devoted a large »bare of our time to tho
cause of Education, during tho last ten
! y° a r*. without fee or compensation, but at
I considerable expense to ourself, the State
of Delswuro nevwiUl offitrjaffioientoom.
'arc room is a curiosity shop, or
Neff* We mentioned in our last, i
well as hand
pensntion, or salary, to a superintendent
to secure tho services of Dr. Grimshaw.
For full information on tho subject of the
$3,000 spent in Milford ou public schools
—over the left—wc refer our readers to
our Report to the la>t Legislature, as well
a* to that of the Auditor. In those he
will find the figures. Wo are obliged to
our friend for his nomination,
" A Town Purchased in One Man.
—The vülago of Lowsville, Mouongahela
purchased a few days
since by Jonathan MoKeek. The pur
chase included a very valuable mill pro
perty, storehouse, and several dwellings,
together with a well improved farm of
about seventy five-aores. The sum paid
was $10,000 caah."— Exchange.
What a commentary on tho valuo of
property and prosperity of any region of
country I We ask, why suoh property
sold at suoh a rate ? We ask Sonator
Hammond whether *he could purohase
such a property in New Castle county for
that price ! wc ask, where, in the North,
such an estate would be sold for a mere
song! We shall have more to say on this
subject in our next paper.
Try Grimsbaw's Worm Lozenges.
Buy Grimshaw's Worm Lozenges.
Dr. GRIMSHAW'S Preparations are re
liable. His Cbemioalr are pure and his
If you want brushos, combs or fancy ar
ticles, buy of Dr. Grimshaw.
you want perfumery, buy of Dr.
Apply Grimsbaw's Pile Liniment. It
will soothe the inflammation and relieve
School Pen. and J. B. Porter's 303 ultra
P 0 " 9 » " r * tke best in the market,
. t Re^raber J. B. Porter's 116 Market
** rec L ft bovo 4th.
Fotf sale, wholesale and retail, at Por
ter's, Roberts' and Cheesemau'* book
stores, atid at the taaket's, No. 1Ö1 Mar*
A great many of our people are contin
ually complaining of not being able to
write well. This may, in a great measure,
be attributed to the pen, ink, or paper, or
perhaps to all. If you have bad paper,
ink abd pens, you cannot write well. In
order to remedy this defect, call oö $. B.
Porter, 115 Market street, and get some
of " hü pens," a quantity of good writing,
letter or note paper, (of which he always
has a great variety on hand) and a boltlo
of good ink. Paper of every variety, J.
B. Porter's Bank Pens, J. B. Porter's 851
THE GIRL'S DELIGHT.
This beautiful and amusing little toy
consists of a series of paper dolls, two setts
1 of furniture, and a paper house. Every
i one thinks this tbe best thing for amusing
children that has ever been offered to the
public. For sale, wholesale and retail, by
J. B. Porter, 115 Marketstreet.
Do you want Ink, blaok, blue or red !-*•
Call ou J. B. Porter, 115 Market it.
Do you want Pens T— J. B. Porter has
the best in the market.
Do you want Paper I—J. B. Porter has
the besi qualities.
Do you want Envelopes !—J. B. Por
ter's is the place to get them.
Do you want good
Lead Pencils !—J.
B. Porter has them cheaper than any other
Do you want handsome Bibles ?—J. B.
Porter has a largo assortment, cheap.
Do you warn
J. B. Portor has a choice selection.
Do yon want blank books, pass books
or check books ?—J. B. Porter haé them
of the best paper and latest patterns.
Do you want school books ?— J. B. Por
has the latest editions.
Do you want books, stationery, or fancy
articles!—J. B. Porter has them cheap.
The public arc invited to give him a
call and examine his large and
Don't forget, 115 Market street.
WILMINGTON, DELAW ARB.
(Corner of 8th and West streets.)
Principals«— Misses C. k I. Grim
shaw and A. H. Grimshaw, A. M.,
This Institution has been established
for many years. In It, pupils are given
instruction in the most useful branches,
without any effort to produee show by
making a display of useless and epheme
ral " accomplishments" Pupils an
trained how to learn—not crammed with
dates and faets and unmeaning phrases.
A few more pupils ean be aooommoda
The building was erected by the Prie*
cipals for the use of tbe Academy. It is
large, commodious and cheerful. It »
well heated, thoroughly ventilated and
lighted by gas, giving great Maturity
against risk from fire.
For particulars, M# Circulars, which
will be sent by mail <m application to the
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