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Tl ie Wilminsrtonian.
Z / *t-1 PRICE TWO CENTS. WILMINGTON, DEL., SYTUIEUAY, -JULY '24,18S6. VOL. V.-NO. 332. MR. BAYARD'S MANNERS. During the past week President Cleveland accompanied by bis Cabinet, among whom the Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, Secretary of State, stopped for a few moments in this oity, oration. A representative of our morning cotempor ary who was present at the time says of the incident "Mr. Bayard paid no attention to his home constituents, but turned his back on them when he saw thorn preparing to re ceive a nod. The President acted very diff erently, and around. threw smiles all ovor the pooplo gazing at him, and returned a nod wherever it given him." Here is this most honorable aristocratic gentleman, who owes all he is to those self same Delawareans and what they gratuitous ly year after year exerted themselves and labored hard to do for him now treated with the coolest indifferenoe aud superciliousness by their beneficiary, Mr. Bayard. But that seems to be the way of the world, the more a certain grade of what may he termed canine humanity is kicked anil ill treated the more it squirms aud adulates in dog-like sycophancy 1 Contrast G rover Cleve land's treatment of Delawareans ! Did his. spontaneous geniality anil courtesy at- that momonts cost him anything ! At any rate it was more thoroughly demo crat io, American—and gentlemanly. their pilgrimage to tho Albany cele words of approval all properly dignified, hut lie The Policy Men. Undoubtedly the Policy Meu should be vigorously followed up and prosecuted. The moral health of Wilmington deinauds just such action as Mayor Rhoads pro poses. But there is somo difficulty in the way in addition to that of obtaining sound legal basos for such logal prosecution. It is as follows : There is such an evanes. oent distinction between the practices of tho policy men aud what has como to be consid ered as a kind of legitimate banking, in other words stook and share buying or gam bling, that people must remember the prose cuting officer is placed in a ilileramia ! Tho law makes no distinction between Jay Gould's gambling transactions to Wall Street to the tune of millions a week and the ob scure "bucket" play by which the six-dollar a-week dry goods olerk or ignorant supersti tious negro Ioscb his seventy five cents ! Morally and equitably speakiug the "bucket shop" is as respectable a concern the Banking House with its "broad clothed" directorate of solid oitizens. If one be harrassed,punished and placed in durance vile tho other equally well deserves it. that State upon this right It is ouly a question of relative crimi nality. And it appears according to latter-day publio conscience that the thief who steals a nickel is overwhelmingly tho greater rascal than the Bank director who peculates, but in a geutlemauly way, to the extent of im shaviugs upon tbe investment of mense trust funds. Policy shops arc simply stock and share gambling houses on scale—therefore, son or other.diflicult to discover and explain the occult tauglc of modern ethics, rîastingly sat upon." We do not wish to defend policy shops but i-handed justice. Lot all discrimination ter New State ators infinitesimal suppose, for fix cash must be "i we do dcinaud wrong ho puuisheil aud whatever ho tolerated. What do the citizens of Wilmington say by i It must ho always remembered, perhaps it is necessary to add, that there is a well derstooil distinction between legitimate hanking aud stock gambling. bo The New Extradition Treaty. The addition of the crimes of manslaugh ter, burglary, embezzlement or larceny (the latter with certaiu restrictions) and malic ious injury to property whereby the life of any person shall he eudaugered, providing iu the last case that such injuries constitute a crime according to the laws of the l uited Stages and England—these added to what already, by international agreement, be tween the two countries referred to, extra is ditable offences, will place tins Unites States much more desirable footing in re upou gard to a fuller exercise and vindication its criminal laws than hitherto existed. 4 of aud England, and Both countries her colonies,will be greatly beoefitted by the proposed treaty just signed by Minister Phelps aud Lord Roseberry. This new law will seriously interfere with the usual holiday jaunt to Canada of tho de faulting cashier. Tire dynamiter too must look around for cm thee refuge than this heretofore free country ! Bank depositors and owners of stock may breathe more freely, for this law if accepted, will undoubtedly add a much needed secur ity for tlieir addittoual protection. tcmptaU sums of money will he greatly lessened sim ply because the uear harbor of refuge has disappeared. It is undoubtedly true that when the tempiatiou is takeu away the probability of crime is greatly let The eeptahle to Americans and Englishmen, to the first for the hold it gives them upou swindling eashieis and trustees, and to the latter tho special advantages conceded lu the appreheusiou of dynamiters. Tbe to the cashier to purloin large d. r treaty will he undoubtedly ac* of A Serious Charge. The allegation made by the committee of the Wilmington Produce Protective Asso ciation against the municipal officers, City Solicitor Turner and tbe Clerk of the Market rious one and demands Smoltz is a most immediate action from tho highest munie! pal officer, the Mayor. The allegation is that tho Market Clerk aud tho City Solicitor connive at tho infrac tion of certain Market Ordinances by oiti Jer 8 ey aud Maryland and that the municipal officers referred to, "instead of prosecuting these are in league with the aud the committee of the Produce Protective Association olaira that they have every to believe that Smeltz anil Turner are receiving a bonus for befriending the citi zens of New Jersey and Maryland." An investigation of these averments is of Ni they should do, l-rosiilent sellers, order by the Mayor and such action is re will bring tho two ,-ith the re in quired by the citizens municipal officers face to face sponsibilitios they have incurred should what they have been accused of appear to have any foundation. Senator Gray Oppose« Local l t crests. Senator Gray has placed himself on record in tho United States Sonate as opposed to the taxation of fraudulent butter. Upon the vote upon the Oleomargari) bill, an enactment which provided for the laying of a tux of two cents per pound upon that manufacture, Senator Gray cast his vote against the tax. In doing so, despite tho specious argu ments ho mako iu defense of his action, he has definitely arrayed himself onco again against the interests of Delaware, and in this case against the oxtonsivo farming anil dairying industries of tho agricultural tions of tho State of Delaware. What will the farmers and dairyi Brandywine Hundred, of tho Hundreds of Christiana, of Mill Creek, of White Clay Creek, and of New Castle Hundred say of this—why, simply that his action, if ceBsful, as he voted and wished it to be, would havo ruined them ! Senator Gray knows well that the State of New York aloue during the past twelve mouths has lost $230,000,009 through tho in trusion of this fraudulent industry within its border lines and this has been encompassed by ousting the genuine butter trade from the New Y ork markets ! Senator Gray kuows, or aught to know, that this fraudulent oleomargarine industry, wbioli the Senator's comprehensive mind has adjudged l>y implication to be a right, in in of ers 1 . , , „ proper and legitimate commercial eutlty has displaced from the markets of the country 180,000,000 pounds of geuuluo buttor ! Aud that iu one single year—the product of the State of New York alone ! Aud yet the Senator hails iu his action upon the matter and says "I shan't agree to this hill because it interferes with State touoroy—the Federal Government has no right to legislate "for tho general good !" Senator Gray knows that it is ouly a mat ter of time, and very short time too, when similar reaction New York wi'l and must bo felt ii State of Delaware—that is to say if tho Sen ators mischievous theories had succeeded. that farm recorded of the State ol his Tho Senator must plainly lands must tumble down fifty per cent, in cash value. That the genuine butter and dairy interests of Delaware must he event ually wiped clear out of existence as au in dustry, hail his line of thought as indicated by his vote in tbo Seuate prevailed ! lie will probably argue bye and bye,when taxed by his constituency, as lie most as sureilly will he foi such action, that it is a industry fo the wrong theory to tax support of another aud that taxation should bo for revenue only. exercise of That is all well enough as abstract menial theorization aud possibly available argumeut under certain cases. It partakes too uiuoh however of the ab stract, inapplicable atul impractical theori zations of Senator Gray's distinguished pre camplar, the Hod. decessor and great Thomas F. Bayard. The minute speck of inconsequential and inapplicable argument is dabbled with and played upon while the great tangible practical point is not grasped. The millions jf dollars of value vested in dairying interests and farm lands of the country are worthy of infinitely less legiti mate « «deration, iu Senator Gray's estima tion,than the questionable rights of the man ufactures of a delctenous, even filthy corn pouud, whose almost solo extensive manufac two immense monopolistic fin Chicago the other in New has the to the the urers oue located ii York City. To these foreigners aud for such flimsy arguments as he puts forth Senator Gray would at this moment sacrifice the whole of the dairyiug interest aud half the cash value of the farm lauds in the State of Delaware. lui portant. Those of Edgemoor and viciuity who pur ». U. W., Excur take the pose accompanying the A. siou to Harper's Ferry can i's train which leaves Edgemoor at 0.40 ac* a. m. This train will make close connection with the 2 nd sectiou of the excursion party— the second section leaves B. «S: O., station (Water & Market Streets) at 7 o'clock a. m. Thursday July 29th. ALONG THE CHRISTIANA. Strolling along the south bank of tlie Christiana any of those afternoons and glan cing across to the Harlan & Hollingsworth yards one cannot but be improBsed with feelings of pride at the busy soeue. "What merry music the incessant tapping of great iron hammers, of steam saws, of hissing steam whistles, quick and sharp, with the accompaning harmony of deep toned slow basso of the steam cratio as it lurches around back and forth iuto position! These notos of a busy industry come pleas antly across the tranquil old Christiana tel ling of the hundreds of busy hands forming and shaping and building for the future car rying trade of the country. It tells hotter still for a contented orderly hardworking American citizenship ! Of happy homes, merry children, pleasant school days—Indeed of all the good tldugs of this life. Along the Company's wharf there is al ways something of interest to he seen, large British barque Stadacona lias only just left on hoi-long voyaso to South America laden with railroad material. | Right opposite is the handsome now steam tug of the New York, Philadelphia and Nor folk R. R. Co. Mooted close to her stem is the Highland Light,an ancient river steamer come in to he dismantled and broken up. Youth and old ago together! The steam tug just horn—the river steamer como in .... , , , , , from her last voyage and now eomdemnod . Tlio Highland Light is an old river boat of some thirty years of ago. She has been running most recently on the Choptank river between Cambridge and Baltimore doing , . , Y . , . ... a good traffic business with the uumcious " stations along that route. At the bow of the steam tug is the lovia than Amphitrito looking gray aud harmless ami as if ales sadly needed a eoat of fresh , ...... pamt. She appeared a. placid and quiet a., hor neighbors the canal bargos. The Am plitrito, however, may have, in the future, a prominent part to play in the naval history of the country ! Farther down the river the new quarters 1 of the Baehelor s Boat Club lojk quite paiut and streaming lligs. The structure is quite au ornament to the riverside and the young gentlemen through , , whose energy It was constructed deserve u great deal of credit aud every euoourage ment iu their undertaking from their fellow citizens. Upon a courteous invitation to visit the , , , boat house a comfortable carpeted and up bolstered ante-room is discovered. Two sides of the wall are occupied by lookers where the mombers store their racing and atlr'e e ei/.turao. Each looker has the own ers namo'toscribed upon the door-and it Tho gay of may he added that many of the names ira ply a good future for the rowing record of the club. Boyond the autoroom is a long , ., , spacious apartment whose wide doorway 1 ness opens directly uu tbe river. This is the host- , n house proper. It is about sixty loot long by twenty wide, ket aud iifeeen foct high. There ale live prac . . . . .. . , , . , tice boats in the possession of the club just , ,, . . . ... . now, a doublo-oarod outrigger shell and one . , . , . ,, . . single-paired outrigger. Also a six-oared , , , ,, , . Am n . i o. to barge (the Falcon) 47 feet long. She was , , „ a, tï , Tut r is bought from the Pennsylvania Club of Philadelphia. There are additionally two 8 „ , , , . . ... ,, .. four-oareil barges (out-riggers), the Idalin, , . . .. aud another without name, both about the , , „ , same length as the L alcon. Flags and trophies are artistically dispos ed about the ante-room aud the Bachelors certainly appear to know how to make them selves comfortable and tlieir visitors grati fied. glo Wo notice the following, in regard to tho ruing contemporary of the club, in our 20th lust. "The members of the Uachcloi Boat Club adopted uew uniforms at their last meeting, aud they will be worn for the first time at tlieir regatta, which will ho iu about two weeks. The uniform consists of a jersey aud black, with peak shirt, strped man caps to match, the regulation blue knicker bockers and stockings. No doubt the club will present a Hue appearaueo at tlieir first regatta, anil tho publie is cordially invited to witness the event. The club promises to of its skill during a give several exhibitii the season for the benefit of the citizens to terested iu a«iuatic sports. The date of tho moonlight excursion to be given under the auspices of the club lias been fixed for Wed nesday night, August 11. The steamer Brandy wli tra have been engaged for the Thomas S. Lowis of the firm of Farra & Lewis has been elected captain of the club. ant! tho First Regiment Orclies casion. of No Prize-Fighters Wanted Here. It is pretty likely that tho Philadelphia ■prize-fighters who two or three weeks ago chose Delaware soil as the locality lor decid ing one of their biutal contests will before long have good cause for regretting the confidence with which they ventured within tbo preoinots of Wilmtogtou. It seems that Mayor Rhoads and Chief of Police Dougherty have been still-hunt after these trangressors of the law ever since tho date referred to when those professors of the "manly art of self-defense" tainted the soil of a vigilant State with tlieir nqtul sivo presence. It is siucorely hoped that the prais efforts of our Chief Magistrate will result i a full and complete vtodicati« technical difficulties come be I'oithy m. of the law and that tween what he is attempting and the puuisb ment. of the prize lighters. A Peculiar Business. Tl o Congressional investigation Saturday last, Tuly 17th, upon the oleomargarine bus inest develops some most slgnitioant facts. In giving this report to the public it should be remembered llrjdfXvFat is said is not the impulsive individual assertion of a Senator who may vindictively headednoss violently oppose th »so who think that thcie is no harm in the manufacture of abstract from the Agricul ture and Forestry which has specially tak en this subject in baud for investigation and publication. Senator Thomas W. Palmer lows :— dcpreciaUou of daii-y lKn<t S in a single State | (New York) of $230,0^0,000. Our annual export of buttor has decreased in six years 18,009,2«« pounds, while the «P» rt of oleomargari* has Increase 17,000, 000 pounds, but more b> ho deprecated, ap peara the , 088 of for o ifl i|onfUenoe incident to t j 10 lu j xe d traffic, asHtinced in the higher prices offered for CanaSln butter, Again, successful ffraud is contagious. Armour & Co., state tbit they supply oleo od to creameries lor purposes of adultera tion w j t j, t j , 0 | lone st product, and reputable retail dealers testify that they have beeu forced by fraudulent coutpetition to join in the surreptitious sales. Established creameries iu many States , , , , , , .. .. have been closed and Lustern diary farms abandoned iu eonsequer ce of this unnatural contest, while I noted wlon preparing these memoranda that local newspapers from Cass, Branch, and Oakland C,unties iu my State, under dates of Juw 1 and 2, report 8alo8 ', jffarm butter on 1'g.lr street, as fr 3 to 10 cents per pound. , Three hundred thousn yd milch reported to have beeu s lughtered for beef >'■ Cblca 8 0 alono durin K M past year -. Until the developme (vvof this Industry . „ ... .Sfi , . .... American tallow held tiff- markets oi the wor pj a t qj cents per po.-yd. The imitatiou butter makers entered o v* mai ket, selecting the best qualities for tin j» use, aud now the lra<le is ^"»rolled by It ssia and' Australia, while the American prodeot is unsought at 3 j 00ntB p01 . poun(1 . 3 The temptation to the 1 eta mixture which ho buys; as oleomargarine suine, or buttorino at frira 9 to 15 cents per pound aud sells as butter at from 20 35 and 40 cents per pound is ra- idly increasing the vo ] lime distributed to flv* people, j n Boston market- alone there were 17,577 pounds received daring the month of May l asl a8 against 9,693 pounds received In uWön or with hot* oleomargarine hue is report of the House Committee sad fol "It appears that 200 , 000,000 pounds of these mixtures have been manufactured in tho United States during the last year, at least 90 per cent, of wbioli were sold ter. This necossarily tiisplaceil 180,000,000 to tho dairy product, iate effect of which is shown t.o havo been the depreciation of. 25 per cent, in tho value of fifteen million milch cows and a but direct and immed iler to haudlc a uWön or of butte r substitutes Is not in the hands of those of limited means nor are its factories distributed the ^ there are thirty firms engaged in the busi . .. . * * . ... . ness and that the bulk of the oleo oil is made , n Cllloago aIld New York, it \ ti becoming an important auuex to mar ket controlling pack ing-houses whose vast »»P««»' crushes lessor competitiun aud en ahles the few to fix the profits of the many." As an appeudix to the above are certain remedies proposed, also explanation 1 to what the proper status of oleomargari r 1 is and the character of the iiWitat'ons 8 °ld buttei. But the statements made by Senator Pal mer aie sufficient to attract the attention of every farmer and produce merchant in tbe coun ^ • the country. Mr. Web iter, of Armour & C'o., testifies that iutcrest in tho ques a lit tion. If there has been a dépréciation of $230, 000,000 in the value of dairy lands iu a glo year iu the State of New York attributa ble to this nefarious business, may it not have a reflex aud positive influence and dairy lands? Our tastes may ho callous aud indifferout enough as to what we eat as butter, wlieth adulterution or otherwise, but when pickets are threatened, aud to the do greo logically inferoutiated by the above statements the question takes another phase re interesting immediately. sent to the aud a When 300,000 milch cows slaughter house we e.iu ouly draw the de duction that tho dairy business has received a heavy and vital blow. When we hear it erted upon tho best and most incontrovertible authority that American tallow, which, previous, to tho development of the olnomargarli commanded the ceuts per pound if cents" tion and wonder industry vkets of the world at 9$ "unsought at 3J e simply staggered at the asser again what shameful and reckless oversight of the in dustries and well-being of our commerce veil the husiuess affairs and anil industries alii of of the country to fall away into such a start ling condition. It was state 1 ii some two months ago that there hers of retailers in this city who buy this adulterated product at from 9 to 15 cents aud sell it to the citizens as best butter at prices ranging from 2 -> 4 .o 35 and 40 cents per pouud—the very phrase aud figures found in Seuator Palmer's speech Saturday last ! What can the people do ! protection against this shameful robbing of the farmer and diaryman, aud citizen also who lor every pound of butter(!) for which he is exacted 40 ceuts pays 25 cents to those firms to New York and Uhl igo who are engaged in this contemptible trade ! num Is there OF MINERALS AND HOCKS NORTHERN DELAW A K E. Comparatively speakiug little is knowu of ralogy of the extreme the geology and mil northern part of Delaware.Tlic formations in tlie Hundreds of Christiana, Brandywine, Mill Creek and a portion of White Clay Creek, beloug to the class of rocks called primary,consisting of the oommou blue rock or gneiss, and sometimes of the trap and granitic. There are also small formations of limestone and sorpentino. Very few min erals are found in Delaware iu connection with the gneiss rock. Tho serpentine shows only, so far as is knowu, in three localities. The first is the outcrop which appears on tbe road between Greenville aud Mt.Cuba,Christiana Hundred. The road lias been cut through tho vein, hut long ago that a fresh exposure had to bo madc. Tho serpentine varies In color from to a dark olive ,aud a light apple gre sometimes showiug a dark lead blue shade. It is seamed much with magnesia, which makes it au exceedingly beautiful stone w dien polished. By digging down below tho weather-worn roek several veins of asbestos are found. Most of it is iu that puculiar state—ashesti-form serpeutito.The two miu erals seem to be mingled together. Both have changed until they stance which is neither one exhibit a sub r the other. The veins of this asbestos in Christiana Hundred occur between two faces of serpen tine, aud are from in width. A short distance from the serpen tine vciu there is au opening of grauitio vein iu the shape of a feldspar quarry. It is a curiously old place. The quarry it thing more than a pit, half filled with water, and lies half an inch to threo the roacl in oue corner of a field. Great masses of moss-covered roek are strewn about, auil tho rank weeds anil groon grass almost cover the small piles of debris. The small tool house belonging to the Quarrying Company,weather beaten ami decayed stands by. Everything shown neglect. The place has been abandoned for years, the supply of c Jin merci al feldspar hav ing been exhausted. It is however, yet in teresting to the mineralogist. Small speci mens of the very fine trausluocut variety of feldspar may be found by a little hard work with tho hammer. That dark green miueral time nhundaut, hut apatite wi scarcely a trace of it can very rare variety of garnet called cinuamou stoue, which mostly comes from India, was of the minerals of this vein, hut at V bo seen. The also now in common with many Others be found he: e. A pjeuliar variety of mica is abundant, It is that form knowu f as pi IT ILsètnBTcs à" côbë~T äffTälffig not to mica. IT ILsètnBTcs à" côbë~T äffTälffig from its centre. Examined closely a prettior study cannot be found. A variety of ver mioulite is here in farge quanitios. It be longs to the mica family, but very different iu color. It exfoliates—opens fan shape— when heat is applied to the edge of a thin section. Tho with it succeiled iu producing a very good bronze powder of several shades. About a mile further, j mica. experimenting, the same road, iron has beeu found. Immense veins of as ith for several acres. bestos underlie the Here also is another out-crop of the same vein of serpentine. Chrinoe of a good quality has beeu taken fn this spot. On Dixon's >in has been open for many farm a granitic years,aud large quauities of pure white feld spar have been taken out, hut tho supply is low exhausted. The velu of granite is quite large and appears to cross that of the ser pentine. Large masses of white quartz lie about in several fields, near this locality. Some of them have a faint rose or pink tiut. Hundred coutains several in Braudywii torosting poiuts. Tho principal feldspar Mr.Ramsay's farm. An infer ior common sort of stone composes this vein. This quarry shows the gvaudual change of feldspar into kaolin, from the hard rock through tbediffereut stages of decomposition to the soft clay. Almost tho only mineral at this point is a species of mica which is similar t«» that found iu I'cuusbury a few miles above iu Pennsylvania. The mi< tabling reticulated magnetic bon is distribut ed through it in such a'mannei that the thin li est possible slice will contain delicate tracings of iron.. A thin section soon otoscope is a magnificent sight. The writer has perceived immense trees, fallen trunks auil beautiful hair-like ferns. Beautiful masses of color which cauuot ht» seen by the naked eye, aie shown. The writer lias also seen crystals of seaooal shapes and sizes some not the one liundreth of an inch in size.This mica assumes several forms. Oue is long and uarrow and it would seem as If they had beeu uuder an immense knife which had cut their edges as perfectly as it would a quire of paper. < Hbers are ol i gradually tapering to a point, pyru sometimes resembling a silver spider. Abimt two miles east of Ramsay's Quarry tho road runniug nearly parallel with the opeuiug lias recently been a serpontiue vein. A good quality of building «tone, is said tube quarried lreie. Neai the State line east of Smiths Bridge, ling is op« iler the mi 9$ 3J in at per aud 25 Uhl irregular fori lid like, Stato line, a idu ii rs a very large »Ic on the Bn This clay is the result of posit of ka -diu. the decomposition of feldspar, posed almost wholly of alumina and water. It is com * a ... ... , It is of a white col resembling silver, tuu a li, lijjlit ami taking is the base of all clays aud i Alumiui larkahle metal. a brilliant polish. The great cost of reduc ing bas always j re vented its general use A process bas lately been patented for Its cheap produetion by a chemist who lias kod for years at the problem which he has at last solved. The mail) pit is fifty feet iu depth, ami gradually increasing. The kaolin runs in veins of different qualities The finest white is used for china ware, anil the others from a buff to a brick red for the commoner kinds of pottery.lt is first washed anil the small pat tides of stone extracted, then diied and it is leady for shipment. Large masses of quartz aud feldspar aie oft eu fourni iu the beds of clay at this point. Nearby the main bed of kaolin an opening has been made for feldspar. Great quanti tics are blasted out aud tun through a pul verlziug machine, which reduces it to a very flue powder. Some very peculiar look ing crystals have been formed In this vein. Some look as if they had been run through a moulding machine. The gro perfectly straight and smooth. Others have the shape of a rough pyramid, with steps, sometimes complete, on two sides. Many years ago a shaft was suuk at Brau dywiue Springs iu search of ore. Several minerals were taken out, hut all have disap peared except flbrolite. It. lias a soft silky lustre and fine, fau shape. Largo masses are still scattered about the hill. In the rail road cut uear by a line bronze verm ieulitc is very plentiful. It occurs in minute crystals on the surface of the gneiss rocks. The only Delaware limestone known out side of the llockcsMti Quarries to he iu this section is located ou Piko Creek in Mill Creek Hundred,on tin land of Mr.Eastburn. Nothing of special interest is found here. A small quantity of stone was being taken out two years ago. It is a pure crystalline lime cut stoue. Fragments of brown hematite and conglo ate or puddingst« Concord Pike only a short distance above are found Blue Ball. Quartz crystals have also been found iu this vicinity. On the road leading to Smiths Bridge just above H ck laml, a granitic vein has been uncovered. It. cuiitains largo pieces of fei< spar mixed with hiolite and quartz. This probably the same vein which has been opened on Ram say's farm for feldspar. Going to Harper's Ferry. The arrangements lor tho Harper's Ferry excursion next Thursday July 29ih have beeu completed aud it promises to he one of the largest excursions miugton. Ample accommoilatio provided for all who may desen themselves of the oppoitunity to either spend the day in Washington or to enjoy the en chanting scenery around about Harper's Ferry. Ten full hours for those who wish to stop at the Capitol aud eight for those who would . l.hc-rnrlrx hrUU-Jn-mhich. ed with tho blood of those who fell that the Union might be preserved. The 1st section of tho excursion party will the Br A O., station (Water & Market Streets) at 0.80, next Thursday morning— the 2nd section wi l leave promptly at 7 o'olock. out of Wil lrave beeu 3 to avail , iu at 1 « President's Order. Certain federal positions in tills State held by direct appi/ratmont fit Cleveland. To the incumbents of those offices the Presidcut has addressed what may be calh-tl a personal letter dated July 14. . Borne of the clauses of it are siguiticantly direct anil any goiug aside or dereliction therefrom will earn the punishmeut of de position from office. Mr. Cleveland thinks the present a proper moment co warn all officeholders uuder the Geueral Government against auy attempt iu using their official positions to control politi cal movements iu their localities. Tho wordiug of the whole missive is di rectly in line with what h Civil Service euactment upon the matter ol offom-lve, or as the President more compre hensively terms it, obtrusive partisanship. It will be asoro blow to some of graduates in political wire-pulling to thus find their bauds tied at the outset of the The the 1 »h most iutercsting political campaign that the annals of the Diamond State has yet evolved. This Public Order of the President's is a the hands of whoever M>rd ii doughty chooses to w ield it iu the coming contest. thé loot of things Mr. Cleveland strikes when he issues such a n promiueut ela "the influence of Federal uffieholdeis should laudato e »ver the lakiug its rxim that of political ipulati* nominating conv not he felt in the primary meetings, a tious." The President continues "The these officials of their positions to thür selection of delegates to political vent ions is indecent regard for the proprieties and requirements of official place w ill also prevent, their assu ming the active oomlu t of political ca use by compass d paigus. " ates betweuu the Tbe President discnuiiu individual rights of the ci! bolder and as a p that by holding official position the office holders privileges arc not enlarged. He closes his older iu the following j office I He claii words: - "A just disc «I he I in this leg. ay propei ly «lu j and the purposes for which a public office shoulil not he used, is easy, iu the light of a eeu the thing a ! correct appreciation of the rcUthm betwe ! the people and th «s*3 cut« listed with official I . , place, and a consideration ol the necessity I under our (ol lu of government of political ac » j free fr« official c AT LAST. Red ruses in the goldou land. The river singing sweet aud clear ; Again at the old place I stand, Where wo two wandered icsteryear. the sunset flame Again I Across the distant mountains die ; All is the For . yet not the same, e parted, y« ». I. I dream of what you used to hi*. you told, And those sweet days come back to me, And you My eyes My heart I think of all that. I 1 j | of old. near me diin with happy tears, beating loud and fast, For God, I know, in after years Will bring you back to at last. Two Kinds of Girls. One is the kind that appears best abroad— j tho girls that I its, halls, etc., and whose chief delight is' in j such things. The other is the kind that appears best at home—the kind that the diiiig , and all the precincts of home. good at parties, rides, vis useful and cheerful ii They differ widely iu character. One is often a torment at home, Uie other a bless oth, consuming everything ing ; about her; the other is a sunbeam, inspiring light and gladness all around her pathway. To which of these classes do you belong? —II« e Visitor. o I," she sang vigorously at the piano, aud turning to him said, "What would you do?" "Well, love," he answered "judging fr disposition and the color of your hair, I'd say you would take a club aud knock off that piano stool if I didu't stop sing ing!" "If I were you and you The G. A. R. Senior Past Department Commander W. S. McNair, of tho Department of Delaware, G. A. R-, left this eity Thursday evening for Ban Francisco, Cal., to be present at the Grand Army Euoampraent that convenes in that eity August 3rd. Gen. McNair will be gone about six weeks. He has bien engaged during the last few weeks on the compilation of 1200 biographi cal notices of tho members of the encamp ment for the San Francisco Morning Call. He has ah o taken in hand a history of the ortg'n anil present status of the G. A.It.,of tho Mili tary Order of tho Loyal Legion, of tho Loyal La«lies' Legion,of the Woman's Relief Corps, and of the different branches of the Sons of Veterans. Mr. McNair is iu excellent spirits and an ticipates great pleasure, and something of profit, from his visit to the distant Pacific Coast. The Attack ou Morinoiiism. , w— I .niUi.:,,i.i,n„. in , w— I .niUi.:,,i.i,n„. in dorsement of every decent man and woman iu this country in tho vigorous attacic he is at present making upon Mormouism. As the governor of that Territory ho may with tho fullest approbation of the people ol the United States devote bis wbolo energies singly to the purpose of rooting out and an nihilating that most terrible blot upo common country. The question of Intemperance it absorbing one just now, but important a oie as it is, it should givo way in proEent sideratiou to that of the extinction of Mor all mouism. Governor West has commenced well. His proclamât iou of wi lytizers ol ibis bestial lechery is a doughty sapon, ami it may be added it is a matter of regret that the Governor's movement has not received such open aud overt endorse cut by the Federal and State governments by which untrammclud set ion iu State of the Uu'on tuay be instantaneously ha«l to expedite aud facilitate his crusade in apprehending these proselytizers at every seaport or auy locality iu the country where >niug against tbe pro.c ry Mormonisiu is at work. The proclamation is well woithy of repro duction and of the most carolul reading by everyoue. »s follow : It is "VYhkkeas, Withiu this territory au or ganization denominated the Churob of Jesus Cbiist of Later Day Saints known also as tbe Mormon Church, has its head ami form here ; said body has heretofore seut lias uiissiouanes iu every State of :he United States anil foreign countries pros elyting to immigrate to aud settle iu this territory ; and such immigration has hereto fore and continues to eorae into the terri tory ; and Whekeas, Saul churoli, in its places of worship aim through its public teachers and press, openly proclaims the right and duty of its members to violate the laws of the land upon the subject of marriage, and Wiilueah, The chief officers of said body, the Flr»t Presidency, are now iu hidiug, avoiding the process of the courts under charges of violations of said law. and other of its prominent members, apostles, bishops aud teachers are confine«! in the penitentiary violating under oi said law; au«l Whkueas, Great expense is necessarily courts continually crowd j incurred, ami eil with tbe offenders against said law ; now. Therefore, I, Caleb W. West, go Utah Territory, while disclaiming all light to interfere with the relight!) of auy person, izing the duty of all to obey the law of the laud, do hereby I Un tu of th«» foregoing fact or of yet re akc pi «»clama ill ,.ge rem and subject themselves eut, and from associating s or oigauizitiou •c of immigrating to this terri mto or maintain any marriage thau that allow ed or sanctioned by law, or to aid aud abet others iu so doing." violators «»I tin* law as t«» the ; tion, that they iuc i to a heavy tiue • all well-disposed pel's «I iinpt iso themselves wi*h any perso i for the purp . , tory to eutei relation otlo