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Maryland. With rare energy ami perseverance
he succeeded in triumphing over all obstacles to acquiring some knowledge of letters, eventually in making his escape to a free State. He has since been extensively known as a ti lented and efficient laborer for the redemption Recently, some beuovolent indi viduals furnished the means to secure his man umissioi, and to procure him a printing press and type. He is-now duly installed as editor of the North Star, and will, judging by his first number, fully sustain his reputation as a ready ■writer, ns well as speaker. We hope he will have a large circulation among all classes, but more especially should the colored people sus tain him in his present arduous undertaking. The paper is printed on a double medium sheer at #2 a year. Subscriptions received' at this office. ana of his race. TO CORRESPONDENTS. We hope our Correspondents will endeavor to make their communications as brief siblo. If they cannot get their thoughts into a small compass, they should divide their articles into numbers. Our paper is too small to admit long articles ; besides they are not nearly so frequently read as short ones. pos JOHN WESLEY ON SLAVERY. Words. —The following letter was written by Rev. John Wesley, from his the day before he sank into the lethargy from which he never was roused. We have the authority of Stevens for saying that they are the last written words of that very re markable man. Ilts L death bed, February 14, 1791. My dear Sir—Unless divine power has rais ed you up to bo as Athanasius contra mundum , 1 see not how you can go through your glori ous enterprise, i'rr opposing that execrable vil lany, which is the scandal of religion, ot Eng land, and human nature, raised you op for this Tory thing, y worn out by the opposition of men and devils; and if God be for you, who can be against j'ou ? Are all of them stronger than God ? Oh 1 benot weary in well doing. Go on in the name of God, and in the power of his might, till even American slavery, the Vilest that ever saw the sun, shall vanish away before it.— That He who has guided you from your youth up, may continue to strengthen you in this and all other things, is the prayer of, dear sir, your affectionate serrant, To the Hon. William Wilbcrforce. Unless God has will be John Wesley. ECCLESIASTICAL TESTIMONY AGAINST SLAVERY. The Free Poteslant Methodist Church, at its second Annual. Conference, held in Indiana on the 5th of October, adopted the following reso lutions : Resolved, That in the judgment of this Con ference, Slavery under all circumstances is a moral evil and a sin against God, who hath taught us to do unto all men as we would have them do unto us. Resolved, That war and bloodshed carried now by this nation, is incompatible with the spirit of ilie Gospel. We hope that this church may prove worthy ofits Free name. Its conduct in making a di rect application of the principles of the gospel to the great and popular sins of this age and country, furnishes a striking contract with the course of most of the ecclesiastical bodies of our land, who usually spend the time of their convention in discussing metaphysico-theologi cal theories, of little practical importance, or in deciding such grave ethical questions as weth er or not a man may marry his deceased wife's sister, &c., or in passing solemn censures sins generally condemned by the community, and voting that slavery is a subject With which the church has no Concern. Original sin is usually regarded hy tliem as a lar more import ant and engrossing tonic ot thought and discu9 sion than actual transgression; of course, they) have little time loft for the consideration ot such matters as Slavery or the War against Mexico, although the sons of the church are directly aiding; to carry on the one, and strenu sly laboringfor the support of the other. It is really refreshing to meet with an ec cl'esiastical organization which can speak out in plain, bold, unmistakeable language, against these prominent sins of the American church and state. This Conference seems to think that the precepts of the gospel mean something , and'that they gre to be applied to nations and large organizations of men, as truly as to indi viduals. We trust that it will continue its op position to those popular crimes which have found shelter in so many churches, and that neither the frowns ofan ungodly world, nor the glittering bribes of a corrupt church, will be able to win it from its high position, by weak ening its testimonies against those sins which are undermining the foundations of our govern ment, palsying the energies of the American church, blighting human hopes, and destroying human souls.— Liberty Ilevald. Some Facts. —Looking over some calcula te census of 1810, we found these re tions I suits : For every hundred whites—South Carolina has 145 slaves ; Mississippi, 109 ; Florida, 92; Alabama, 75; Georgia, 09; Virginia, 66; North Carolina, 50 ; Kentucky,31 ; Tennessee. 28 ; Maryland, 28 ; Arkansas, 26 ; Missouri, 18. The whole slaves States number 55. The slaves chiefly centered in the plant ing regions. You may find 2000 slaves in parts of Soutfy, Carolina, to 100 whites—on the other hand there are districts having but few bond. In the low lands of Virginia, North th Carolina, Georgia, and in Flor ida and Lousiana, negroes abound ; in the hill or uprand region they are limited in numbers. The same holds true of Mississippi, Tennessee, &c, But in East Tennessee, Western Virgi nia, &c. slavery is nominal. To make this subject plain, lot us arrange a table : N. Alabama, of population, Carolina, S 30 per ct. S. Alabama, E. Tennessee, W. Tennesseu, I!» 9 48 The white population of Western Virginia is as large as Eastern. Yet Western has 56 rep resentatives in the Legislature—Eastern 78 ! Indeed the apportionments of nearly all the Southern States, retain the power of these States in the hands of slaveholders.— Exami SIGNS IN VIRGINIA. We are gratified in being able to record from time to time, such notices as the follow ing from the Lexington (Virginia) Gazette : " We havf upon our table a copy of an Ad dress to the People of Virginia, showing that Slavery is injurious to the public welfare, and that it may he gradually abolished without de triment to die rights and interests of slave holders. "This Address has been called out by seve ral gentleman who listened with great pleasure and Instruction to the arguments of the Author, in a late discussion in the Franklin Literary Society of/this place, upon the all-important subject. Wo cannot now, as our paper is just going to piess, make n more extented notice of the Address, but will do so at an early day." Dr. Ruffner, the author of the above, is the President of Washington College, in Lexing ton. From the National Erd. LINES FROM THE WORKSHOP. Light up the p swearing o'er To map anew of freedom. rake ! ntchfi th perilled— Ou • nil's at stake. Speak ! in the earnestness of strong entreaty, Speak ! till your voi Spcuk ! in a tone so loud for holy the That all shn 1 hear. every hill and Vale of all New England ■e stern note ! and let the furthest West Peal (lie Speuk, till grim Tyranny within his for treu Shull have gh the Southland let the echo hauten, Startle the despot in his pluce of powi Hid hint to sttke the letters from his b< Down th linen This very Hour. ip your guilty lia lids to Ifeuvon, Mexico the blight to spread— -for human slavery. in lines blood-i lift \ T o Murk ! how that curse vonr generous soil has wasted , Wasting ami blight ure branded on its face, . blood, and tears und cliuin«, have left n record In every place. lolîi of Time, " On your dilapidated halls Crumbled and wasted by the On u degraded, poor white population, Mark ye the crime. No freeman's axe rings through y No hum of Dark Desolution shrouds the laud whic:> bomhne sy labor greets yc Have wet with \ with its whips and fetters, That scoffs ut toil und tramples upon the mind, Leaving our country, in the <■ 'diie the sy 3 of An age behind. falbers bore for freedom memories of the honored dead, By the free spirt in the bosoms cherished, Of those who hied— Now, by the love By all tn Imte of wrong and foul oppression, By our deep love of liberty and light, By the impartial law of equal justice. >:■• Maintain the right. Then blow a trumpet blast for God and freedom the rescue on the fcarl S I toil-lie d traitor eh false ami c Ami brand Upon hi Troy, New York, November 9,1817, The National Era : WASHINGTON CITY, DIST. G. Hailey , Editor ÿ John G, IVhit tier ^ Corres ponding Editor ; L. P. Noble , Publisher. The leading purpose of this journal is, the dis cussion of the question of Slavery, and the advo cacy of the main principles of the Liberty Party. Due attention is given to Social and Political Questions of general importance ; nor are the in terests of a Pure Literature overlooked. It aims to preserve a faithful COLUMBIA. ord of impor tant events; of inventions or discoveries affecting the progress of Society ; of public documents of permanent value ; and, during the sessions of Con gress, to present such reports of its proceedings, as will convey a correct idea not only of its action, but of its spirit and policy. The debates on the exciting subjects of Slavery and the Mexican War, expected to arise in the next Congress, will py a large share oi its columns. Arrangements have been made for extending and enriching its already valuable Department of Home and Foreign Correspondence. It is printed on a mammoth sheet, of the fiuost quality, in the best style, at $2 a year, payable in advance. OCCIl The generous spirit in which the Era has been welcomed by the Public Press, and the very libe ral patronage it has received duiing this, the first year of its existence, encourages us to hope for large accessions to our subscription list. It is desirable that subscriptions be forwarded without delay, so that they may be entered liefere the approaching Congress. All communications addressed to L. P. NOBLE, Publisher ol the National Era, Washington, D. C.