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The Delaware abolitionist. (Wilmington, Del.) 1847-18??, December 31, 1848, Image 4

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No man ever lived in this country whoae
opinions upon political question# command
greater respect, or more profound attention not
than those of Thomas Jefferson. He has been
tru y denominated the father of our political is
institutions; and never spoke or wrote upon a
snbject without lui y understanding ,t in all its ,,
bearings. The bitterness of party spirit for a ,
longtime prevented full justice being done
him, but at last his famî, has become the
brightest gem in the casket of human liberty,
V. b - • _ „ . • ,i „ , v
and h,s opinions are now universal y respected.
His determined opposition to slavery, may
be judged of by an extract from the original
draft of the Declaration of Independence,
which was stricken out at the suggestion of the
delegates from South Carolina and Georgia. !?®
because those colonies at that time permitted
theimportation of slaves. This extract reads
" He (the King) has waged cruel war against ,r
human nature itsilf, violating its most sacred ° r
rights ol life and liberty in the persons of a
distant people, who never offended him-cap- ve
tivating and carrying them into Slavery-in
another hemisphere, or to incur miserable
death in their translation thither. This pi
latical warfare, the opprobrium of Infidel
powers, is the warfare of the Christian King of
Great Britain. Determined to keep open a
market where men should be bought and sold, f
he has prostituted his negative for suppressing y
every legitimate attempt to prohibit or to re
strain this execrable commerce." P°"
From that day to the day of his death, the
great apostle ofliberty was, on every proper
occasion, the opponent of African Slavery. Ini ^
the Assembly of Virginia, during the révolu
tionary war, k proposition was made to revise . me
the code or laws which related to monnrchv, w
so as to make it more consistent with thé
spirit of Republicanism. One of the altera- P"
lions sought to be effected, was that of emanci
pating all slaves born after a certain day. In
relation to this proposition, we find, in Jeffer
son's " Notes on Virginia," an able and philo
sophical dissertalion, arguing in favor of the
proposed alteration:
But our object now is to lay before our
readers the letter of Jefferson to Governor Coles,
of Illinois. It was written at a time when efi
forts were made to convert Illinois from a non!
slavehoiding to a slaveholdiiig Slate. Thesf
efforts were mainly deleated by the
of his influence in favor of freedom by the ad
vice of Mr. Jefferson
Monticello, August 25, 1814.
Dear Sir :-Your favor of July 31 was duly l.
received, and was read wilt, necnl.nr nl-wim.flL 0
The sentiments breathed through the whole do \
honor both to the head and heart ol the writer. c
Mine, on the subject of the Slavery of negroes, wl
. have long since been in nossessiou of the pub- -?
/ lie, and time has only 'served to give them
stronger root. Tho love of justice and thejf""
love of country plead equally tlie cause of thesell
people, and it ,s a mortal reproach to us ,hui|r
they should have pleaded it so long in vainJ|!,
and, should have produced not a single effortll 11
nay, 1 fear not much «erinus willingness, to re-1 kwr
lieve them am! ourselves tnm our present con- 5
dn on of moral and political reprobation. From
these in a tanner generation, who were in full
nessofage when I came into public life.
which was while our controversy with England
was on paper only, I soon saw that nothing t0
waR to be hoped. Nursed and educated in the
daily habit of seeing the de ruled condition,
both bodily and mental, of ho <e unfortunate
beings, not retjecting that thaï degradation w
very much the work of themselves and their
fathers, few minds had yet doubted but that
they vvere as legitimate subjects of property
as their horses or cattle. The quiet and mo
notons course of colonial life had been distur
bed by no alarm, and little reflection on the
value of liberty. And when an alarm was
taken at an enterprise of their own, it was not
easy to carry them the whole length ot the
principles which they invoked for themselves.
In the first or second session of the Legislature,
after I became a member, I d
ject the attention of Colonel Bland, one of the
oldest, ablest, and most respected members,
and he undertook to move for certain moderate
extensions of the protection of the laws to
these people. I seconded his motion, and,
a younger member, was more spared in the
debate ; but he was denounced
From the Daily Globe.
THE OPINIONS OF THHOM AS JEFFERSON
, ON SLAVERY.—HIS LETTER TO GOV
ERNOR COLES OF ILLINOIS.
,
low
*;
1
lhe
on
exercis
in
;t
to this sub
an enemy
to his country, and was treated with the great
est indecorum. From an early stage of our
Revolution, other and more distant duties were
assigned to me, so that from that time till
return,from Europe in 1798, and I may say,
till I returned to reside at home in 1809, 1 had
little opportunity of knowing the progress of
public sentiment here on this subject. I bad
always hoped that the younger generation,
ceiving their early»impression after the flame
of liberty had been kindled in every breast,
and had become, as it were, the vital spirit ot
every American, that the generous tempera
ment of youth analogous to lhe motion of their
blood, and above the suggestions of avarice,
would have sympathised with oppression
wherever found, and proved their love of iib
etty beyond their own share of it. But my
intercourse with them, since my return, ha«
not been sufficient to ascertain that they had
made towards this point the progress I had
hoped. . Your solitary but welcome voice is the
first which has brought this sound to my ear ;
and 1 have considered the general silence
which prevails on this subject, as indicating an
apathy unfavorable to every hope. Yet the
hour of emancipation is advancing in the march
my
re
of lime. It will come ; and whether brought
on by the generous energy of our own minds,
or by the bloody process of St. Djmingo, ex
cited and conducted by the j)pwer of ourpres
«nt enemy, if once stationed permanently
within 0U / 0 ' 0Untrv , and offering an aeylnm and
to the oppressed, is a leaf of our history
not , u;ned oy £ >
As , 0 th „ me|ho( , b which thi , difficult work
is l0 be f(r .. cted if permitted to be done b ,
0UrIel i hav ' see ' n no pro| , oa , lion s0 e xpe
,, he w , , emanciptllun l of
, ho9e bom gfter „ ^ iven , uf ,£ iredo .
.. ._■"
cat.onand expatriation ata^opei age. This
would ■*!•. *' me *° r a S ,adua 1 8 ,?" n0l '» n ° f ,L hat
species of labor, arid substitution of another,
d , , he severity of lh9shock , which an '
.. , , , _, i . r i .
"Potion so fundamental carnet fad to pro
The dea of emancipating the who e at
or,ca j,' he , okl as wa,a9 lhe î° Dn *' a « dretam ;
!?® *hemhere, isof those onljpwho have not
ÏL MpSÂ*,'?
,r T h °"h na " éi, >. for ' hou ? ht
° r f °Z ' un , Y r' ^T. ' T
capable as children of taking cire of themsel
ve f' and are ex,ln S ul9hed promptly wherever
'"duslry is necessary lor raising the young. In
^ meantime they are pests m sobiety by
heir idleneM, and the depredations to which
b,s 'f ads lo f m ' Th», r amalgamation. with
other color, produces a degradation to
no lover of h,s country, no lover of ex
f ellence " lhe human character, can mnocent
y consen .
> am sensible ef the partialities with which
P°" have looked .owards me as the person
«h» should undertake this salutary but arduous J
»»'h. Bu this, my dear sir, ,s like bidding!
^ , Pmn \ " buokle »" lhe arm0,,r ». H / c ioifl
'«»'"M« 9 «f» 0 lumens et muhte ferruX
. me '" S'. . No > »»''hved the general,on\hovv
w "h which mutual labors and perils begat
mUlUttl confidence and influence. This enter
P" 8 e is for the young-for those who can fob
, ,
The laws do not permit us to turn
l. them l<,09e ' lf k lha, f werB for ,he ' r e»»' 1 1 antl
0 ' ,0 '. , " m,tB ,bBm f »L"' her propeMy, is to com
\ l " II,SH " 1I "' K " 9d ? B ' al " 1,,,n w,!
c A"n ot contiol. hope, then, my dear si, you
wl • rec °ncile yoursell to your country and its
-? nf » rlu , ,m ' e co '." l ! ,, ?. n > ,hat >"» Wlll .'>»! '-'äsen
«'"ck of sound disposition, by willid.awwig
thejf"" r P» rllon Bom the mass. That, on the
0 " 1 " 11 ,'''r m: "" come forward in lhe public
,unc,i b nlH ,he ml96lu » 1 ''y »' 'his doc
, . . . - .
low it up, and bear it through to its consumma-/give
*; ,n
1 tV u !, l ii i u
It shall have all my prayers, and these arel
lhe only weapons of an old man. But, in th<l
treanlime, are you risht in abandoning
pro,,erlv. and your country with il? I think
not. My opinion has ever been, that, until
more can be done for them, we should en
deavor, with those whom fortune has thrown
on our hands, to leed ami clothe them well,
protect them from ill usage, require such
reasonable labor only as is performed volun
tarily by freemen, and be led hy ne repue
nance t« ab, lies,e them, and our duties In
,unc,i % b T.? nlH ,he ml96lu » 1 ''y »' 'his doc
rnie \, l i|lWJjüSi« l n| ll ' 9,nHale an(l "'cnloate
11 ' 9n,f 'V nut sreamly, througii the medium of
kwr "T l and conversation assoc,ale olhers in
5 ,nur labor u ,, > and > wben ll,e P hala " x 18 Burned,
•"*" pre * S ', he , ' ,r0 P 08 "'" n . persevering,
J '. 1 ," 9 a "Ç l ' rn plisliment. It is an encour
ag'»g obkerva.ion, that no good measure was
f»er proposed which, if duly pu, sued, failed
t0 P revai1 1,1 ltlB elul - We bi
proof of this
in the history of the endeavors, in the British
Parliament, to suppress that very trade which
brought this evil on us. And yon will be sup
ported by the religious precept, " Be not
wearied in well doing." That your
may be as speedy and complete, as it will be
of honorable and immortal consdation to
yourself, L shall as fervently and sincerely
pray, as I assure you ot my great friendship and
lespect.
Sll ('COSH
THOMAS JEFFERSON.
Edward Coles, Esq.
HON. J. G PALFREY.
'Y?" We hold lo doing justice to every
We consider Mr. Palfrey's radical abolitionism
dangerous—but he is evidently k high-minded
and honest man. He has livedlup to his
fessed principles. He is not a man of
very considerable property—thf value of his
slaves whom he liberated was at least ten
thousand dollars in New Orleans. He not only
freed them, but went himself to Louisiana,
and brought them to the State of Massachu
setts, and provided them with situations where
they could earn their living.
Farm Stock in Ohio.—T he Ohio Cultivator
states that the amount of farm stock in Ohio,
not including horses and cattle under 2 years old,
mules under là years, and aieep under
months, is as follows:—Horse» 492,509; Mu
les, 2,098: Cattle, 983,822; Sleep, 3,677,171;
Hogs, 1,879,689. !
Gov Drew, of Arkansas, having resigned
the office of Governor for the purpose of
being a candidate for the U* S. Senate,
less than six locofoco aspirants are out for
the vacancy. As named by the Arkansas
intelligencer, they are Messrt. Roane, Izard,
Mitchell, Clarke, Yell, andfMcCarney.
Care for the Indian.- —In
Mr. Stevenson has introduc
in the House, recomending fo the General
Government the adoption of some plan for
the permanent improvement and protection
of our various Indian tribes.
man.
pro
anv
- \
'forth Carolina
d a resolution
LETTER FROM A CONVERTED SLAVE
HOLDER.
Alton, III, Nov. 30, 1848.
Ma. Cyrus P. Grosvenor :-Dear brother
for God and humanity. I put a letter in the
post office with the intention of putting in the
dollar, &e. : but ,n the hurry of the moment
yesterday, I forgot to put the dollar in the lei
er. I now enclose it, betöre I forget to do
again, paying an additional postage, in oonse
fouence ol my thoughtlessness. But what ca
J you expect of a poor abolitionist who has bee
born and raised m the midst of the degrads
h»n °f slavery but to be hurried in mind an
body 1 However, .t is often the case : and o
thankful I
Some months ago, the writer of lhe follow
ing letter, wrote to us giving an interesting ac
count of his conversion to the principles and
practice of 11 Freedom to all men." It is evi
dent that the fire continues to burn in his soul,
Let the cold-hearted Northern professor ask
himself, whether that coldness within him is
not the chill and ague (not fever) of spiritual
death; and let him inquire why it is that a
converted slaveholder is thus ardent ?—why he
so fervently bids us ''God speed"? Why
should we labor ("publish on") more than
other Northern men ? Why are so many
Northern religionists trying so energetically to
get the cause of Abolition back to its old
quiescent state of 1827? Shall these attain
their object? No. God working with the
few (for the number is yet very few) who la
bor in this great cause, we are encouraged to
repeat, NO, with a tone an emphasis which
ought to make thousands of frozen hearts to
start into activity and inquire, what work for
God and humanity waits to be done by them ?
And let every one who has a trumpet, set it to
his mouth, and let him,.who has not, " sell his
coat and buy one." Forget not Gideon's three
hundred soldiers.
am that I have been brought toï
ee what slavery is } in its awful and true light,
eeing it to be the greatest curse on master and
. ® rvaat in the world. Publish, on deaF brother, fl
light on the subject, that some slavehnld L
ouujrci, mai some Biavenoia
«erstnay be converted from the errors of their
ways, as I have been. Yes. sir I consider mv
abolition prinuiples the best I'bave- renv \
lhis\would not be as I was ten or fifteen years a"o
lor worlds. May " God "need » y '
V Yours in haste I w
— ' ..._ W '
American "Notions" in England.—T he
London Correspondent of the Nationul Intel!,
gencer writes:
"It is curious to observe, on a ramble through
a few uf the principal sts. of London how many
mure articles are advertised ot " American "
origin than were ,n be met with even nvo yea'rs
var , ié7ie, m of r Am cT 0 *", 1> ' p l' lns »«>'. »'f 1 »'
lhe fruit shop; every éhoé st',op°ha«°a"di S play öf
" American Overshoes." "Philadelphia AI
play
" American Overshoes." "Philadelphia AI
bany, and o,her American Ales" are adve'rtised
st lhe taverns and eating booses; "America,,
biscuits ' are found in every cake shop :
" American cheese" in the appropriais places!
and " American rocking chai
wooden clocks," and "American baby-jumper
have their various places for sale,—I saw
"Mint J ii laps and other American drinks"
window ; there are two, if nol
more, regular importers of American books and
the American star spangled banner finals fron,
many a lall mast in the c
river.— Phis is truly tile best imaginable mode
of fraternizing."
Mr. Df.loutte, a French gentleman of
ability, for some time past residing in Alex
andria, Va., has been appointed to a Profes
sorship in Girard College, Pa.
Hon. James Dellf.t, formerly a member
of Congress, died in Claiborne county, Ala ,
on the 21st nit., in the 60th year ofhis age.
Jews in Prussia.—T he Prussian Diet
having decreed religious freedom throught
out the land, and care being now taken by
the people's representatives to see those de
crees put in force, the Jews have begun to
breathe freely. They are now openly a
vowing—which previous to the revolution,
they were ashamed to do—that thay
Jews, and believe in Judaism; that there
bosoms throb with patriotism,and their
pulses beat with blood devoted to their
country, as well as their Christian brethren.
— Jewish. Chronicle.
1 ' America
advertised in a
(led docks and
are
OPINION OF A SLAVEHOLDER.
A respected correspondent in the interior of
the Slate, says : " I was informed lately by an
intelligent citizen of St. Louis, that in a con
versation ttilh an old gentleman in the north
ern part of Missouri, the old man said to him,
" I own about ten thousand acres of land in
the territory that is in dispute between Iowa
and Missouri ; and, if I can get the line to tun
between these States so as to throw my land
on the Iowa side, I am willing to effect it, to
set free ail my negroes—about thirty in num
ber—and pay $10,000 in cash!" The old
man was of the opinion that his land, in the
Free State, would be immediately worth $19,
000 more than it would be worth in a slave
State."— [Louisville Examiner.
The Massachusetts Bar. —-A movement
has been commenced in Boston among the
lawyers, with the view to forming an asso
ciation for the general benefit of the profes
sion in that State.
REVOLTING SPECTACLE.
One of those revolting spectacles which are-.
seen wherever the system of African Slavery
is tolerated, was presented in the streets of
our city, on Sunday morning last. A gang of
negroes, consisting of persons of both sexes,
accompanied by a white man, on their way to
a southern market,passed along Chesnut street,
as the bells of the various churches were calling
on Christians to assemble at their respective places
of worship. In front ot the procession was a
large wagon, in which were thickly stowed
several women and children. This was fol
lowed by forty three men and boys walking,
several of them chained together, the whole
under the charge of a man on horseback.—
This miserable spectacle excited the honest
indignation of our citizens, who regarded it as
a direct insult offered to them, and the day,
nni l tho hour.
We have heard several of our most respee
,a hle citizens speaking of this outrage on a
Christian community, all of whom concurred
* n reprobating itjin the strongest possible terms.
And, yet, such spectacles are the necessary
adjuncts of the system of Slavery. Wherever
prevails they will be seen. We have never
heard any one speak of the slave traders who
are engaged in the internal slave-trade, with
out denouncing them and their accursed traf
fic. They aro everywhere looked upon as un
worthy of the least respect, and their society
is shunned by all. And yet men are founa,
who, for a base love of money will consign
themselves and families to universal contempt,
and others are found who, for the sake ol a
few pitiful dollars, will sustain these
their traffic by selling their slaves to them.
We earnestly hope that the day is not very
distant when our beloved Commonwealth,
honoured and honourable in other respects,
will get rid of its system of bondage, and
a *. on S w 'lh it,all its revolting adjuncts.— Louis*
Mville Examiner.
fl T HE Cholera at the West — Thp Wheel
L J E UHOLER ^. AT wsst- 1 ne wneei
fing papers mention the arrival there, from
IN e w Orleans of a nerson who was laboring
j !. V 11 person wno was laoonng
r ler v J' ha ' was !" !, . p ~ h e(d f be cbo ^^ ra ' The
L Th w i ? Urn '\Thursday,^says.
The Western World passed here ye. erday
afternoon. She had a large number of deck
passengers, mostly German emigrants Nine
'*' em a,lt * hor pastry-cook died ot cholera,
»"ji '"'» P erMns were [Bownsd.
The Jewess,which also passed up yesterday,
bacl ,h | rBH llealtls : Vl ^ : One uf her engineers,
'] a,ned B»»^her, a brother nf the captain, a
«I«* passenger, and. » «i«roae. The Jewess
^ " a was run.,.ng on one
The steamer Aleck Scott, cfpt-. Swan, was
""'LThcr" °h "'"«'■'»»hen the Conned.
cut la ". lbBr f' bound for St. Louis, with
f™ hHndl f ? 1 a '" s onboard - , Some fern
l<e "" hflHBI ' ot them had ,I|B<) aild
WBrB
- M
sev
many
ii*k. F. SuhaflV, à Catholic priest, was
of those who died.
GRADUAL EMANCIPATION.
I the Louisville Courier, in allud
iii 2 lo an article from a Frankfort correspon
dent, who asserts his belief that gradual eman
cipation will be the absorbing question,
throughout th? State, in the canvass for the
delegates to the Convention, remarks that he
proposes to discuss the subject in all its bear
ings, and gives his readers to understand that
he is decidedly in favor of some clause being
embodied in the new Constitution, whereby
the Slate may be gradually rid of slavery ; the
scheme suggested by the correspondent, and
endorsed by the editor, is, that every slave
born, say, after 1855 or '60, shall be free on
arriving at the age of twenty-five—two years
of that time to be devoted to earning the means
n cessary for the transportation of the slave to
Liberia. If we mistake not the indications,
there are other papers in the city of Louisville
a id elsewhere along the border, the editors of
which are preparing to advocate that or some
dar measmeof reform.
Mr. Underwood, in his able speech on the
Compromise bill, in the United States Senate,
in which he administers a withering rebuke to
the Abolitionists, took very similar ground to
that taken by the Courier, and will, we pre
sume, on the stump next summer, advocate
and defend the position he has assumed ; we
have heard it intimated that such would be
the case.
We have also heard it intimated, that as an
advocate of gradual emancipation, Hon. Henry
Clay will in due time become a candidate for
the office of delegate. &Nous verrons. —George*
town ( Ky .) Herald:
The ed
The Slave Emancipation at Cayenne.—
Freedom was proclaimed in Cayenne on the
10th of August. For two months previous to
that day the customary fears of insurrection,
&c., had been entertained, and military
preparations made acordingly. On the mor
ning of emancipation, the whites and blacks
were mutually fearful, each expecting to
be slaughtered by the other. But after the
proclamation of freedom by the Governor,
confidence was gradually re-established -i
the inhabitants crowded the streets—the Te
Deum was sung at the church—a thousand
negroes marched to the Governor's house to
return thanks—a grand dance was held in
the suburbs in the evening—no arrests.took
lace—no intoxication—and the freedmen
ave since returned to their work with
renewed ardor.— Salem Observer.
i;

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