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a THE FARM AND HOME. PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY WEßliEY WEBB, JÏÏ. ß. DELAWARE. DOVER, $1.00 per annum. Subscription Price the post office at Dover, Del., as second-class matter. Entered at file and for sale at the store of E. S. It. Butler, eealer in Books, ♦Stationery, Newspapers and Fanny Goods, No. 420 Market street, Wilmington, Delaware. The FARM AND HOME 1» C. M. Ca Clocks, Jewelry and Musical Instr Orders filled 10 to 20 per cent, less than ! the state. This paper will be found >n sale at the store of Ihr, Del. Watches, •nts Repaired. Jeweler, Wyt »y house in "The Duty of the State to Her Fruit Interests" This is the heading to the last paragraph of Dr Black's new book, and such good work ought to go far to commend him to the suffrages of the fruit growers and other farmers of the State, should hebe a candi date for governor. This is what lie says:— As a mother fosters her children a so should the State foster those int terests which bring health, wealth and happiness to lier citizens, and without disparaging any of the other great industries, what is of more importance to her people than this very fruit interest? That which has made us both fame and fortune and which with cheery help and faithful watching bids fair to render is as celebrated in song and story as ever was. "That delightful province of the sun, The first of lMusUiu lands to shine upon." Although what I have to say here applies to the whole Peninsula yet I feel at liberty to more particularly address the citizens of my own State. As I have said in the preface of this book, one has only to enter upon work such as I have entered upon in the preparation of this vol ume, to see how little fostering care such a great interest as the fruit such a great interest as the fruit interest receives,from the state 1 say to you, wen of Delaware, these, great inteacsts are threatened, and threatened more and more as popu lation increases and the cultivation of trees and plants is multiplied. Just as in the history of mankind, as he increases and multiplies obey ing the injunction of the Holy Writ zymotic diseases appear. Every hamlet becomes a plague spot, and liis very palaces, much more his hov els become as sepulchres and thus wreck the proud assertions of his boasted civilization. And as with with the fruits with mankind, so which God has favored him; only crowd them then pamper them, or treat them as you will, here again the zymotic enemy swoops down and the boasted beauty of Pomona yields to the cruel ravages of this relentless enemy. So it must ever be and as God lias declared that man must earn his bread by the sweat of his brow, to enjoy all the good things of Hie earth he lias given us, we must be watchful for them and labor for their I believe it to be the duty SO prtection. of the State to act at once for her fruit interest, now as seriously men aced by enemies on every hand. Look at France; her industries and almost her very existence, saved by the work of one man, the great and illustrious Pasteur, with a faithful wife and daughter, for five years did lie diligently investigate the silk and now from that worm diaease, study the origin of the trouble is traced to the moth with peculiar These moths are concentric rings, all destroyed now in silk culture or rather their eggs are all destroyed and those eggs arc only saved from These from rings. free moths hatching from cocoons and the silk crop is assured, immortalized himself and rendered France unbounded service by bis investigations into the fermentation of wine and destroying the germs by high temperature, cattle and sheep pests lias lie wres tled and conquered; as well as with the diseases of the vines. main lie lias So So with the Given the opportunity and the world will turn up Pasteurs as occa sion will demand: and now right on this Peninsula we have the opportu nity' for just such a man. Here we have the peach pellows, pear blight, the rust of black-berries, the pear slug, the asparagus beetle; in fact a thorn to every rose in our garden. We need a director of horticulture or iruit inspector, or by whatever title he is designated. He should be appointed by the State, and paid a living salary, a good salary, with the understanding he is employed as a scientist and to devote his time yen, his very life, to the interests he is called upon to protect. We can't expect to get a Pasteur, ora Koch or a Leidy at the start, but the man should be a trained scientist and at the same time have some praeticle knowledge of his subject, or at least be an apt scholar at learning the practical parts. I lis duty, in part, should lie to investigate all fruit pests, tree diseases and everything to the enemies of fruits, and his studies may' be carried to the cereals, should publish an report of his work and statistics of all our fruits and all matters pertaining to them, us such a'man capable to fill such an office and bis first report will be the greatest and most truthful advertise ment the State ever 'received, us this man and our industries all fruit too. annual full lie give Give Give vill be enriched by the protection and very salvation of the fruit interests, the greatest of all our industries. Give us this man and I guarantee for every penny the State pays for his services, we and our children's childred will get in return, thousands upon thousands of dollars, and the gratitude of thousands of people yet unborn. Oh, men of Delaware would I were gifted with the eloquence of a Mir abeau or the persuasive oratory of a and our children abeau or the persuasive oratory of a Clioate, that I might burn these souls and words into your very L-raise you willingly and quickly to Oh, study this question action, well, I beg of i/oit who are to repre sent us in the coming legislature. Let the living ■gross from far Be up and doing, echoes of modern pr olf France be ever ringing in your Let the voice of the great Our little ears. I'asteur encourage you. State is small, in the past she lias been conservative, we all know, per that was meet for her modesty, imps, and for lier good; bill now, men of Delaware, let us raise her from her dignified repose of centuries, let us teach her that her past conservatism carried beyond the just merits of her being, may be but the forerun ner of future disintegration, the Diamond State will take no step backwards, she will advance in the front line of modern progress, and modern ideas ; and so let her carry her flag, and, overshadowed in body though she be, by States of larger degrees, let us strive for lier, let us encourage her, let us support her, and let us so form lier record in the future, as it lias been with her in the past, that all may admiringly say, as she passes in galoxy of States. Delaware, let us judge the by thy No among the review "Stand up little Exhibition of Fruits and Flowers As announced last week in the the committee Farm and Home appointed by the State Grange, heul a meeting and determined to pro for holding an exhibition of pare fruits, flowers and plants at the j next annual session which will be held in Wilmington, of the Grange The committee lias Dee. 14 to 18. the assurance of aid and encourage some of the leading ment from florists and nurserymen in the State and no doubt is entertained about the entire success of the enterprise. Special premiums will be ottered by florist and others interested, and the committee will arrange a schedule of premiums to be paid out of the proceeds of the fair, believed that with such an exhibit It is as Delaware is capable of making the fair would be visited by hundreds of people at an admission fee of twenty-five or even fifty cents. The design is not to put money in the treasury of the State Grange, but to raise enough to pay the premiums offered and the expenses of holding the fair. It is designed also to have a 'committee, or committees, of experts to examine nil new, unnamed or misnamed fruits, and to have all varieties carefully described with a statement of their adaptabil ity to this Peninsula, and published in a catalogue. Such a catalogue would be worth much to the people of this Peninsula, and should the proceeds of tlie fair not warrant a free distribution it would doubtless meet with a ready sale at a price to cover the cost of publication. It is also in the plan to have two or three public lectures by well-known and reliable pomologists during the session of the Grange. The masters of Subordinate Granges are request ed to appoint a committee in each Grange to work up the matter in their Grange and : mong fruit grow- ! ers outside of the Grange, premiums will be open to eompeti- j tion by all residents of the State. It is believed that a successful exhibition will be of great value to the fruit men of Delaware ; and by attracting the attention of outside people will bring settlers to our im proved lands and add to the general prosperity of the State, of inquiry and offers of assistance j should be addi Webb, Dover Del., the secretary of the committee. The columns of the Farm and Home are open for the circulation of all needful information, and will welcome suggestions from those interested in the success of the enterprise. The All letters Wesley sed to If Delaware farmers will persist in building fences they would do well to use barbed wire. It costs little and makes durable fence. It is a kind of prohibition. Tt should however be .sell not more than Hi feet apaiV Kftd witii four or, better five vines. If you want a fence but are not so particular about itsefficincv to protect from cattle and pilferers set yours post's about 12 feet apart and string them with stout vines and then plant a grape vine at each post and train along the wires. After all why not dispense with fences. is in the The spirit of gamblin' Half the boys of Dover will air. "pluck pennies" on the street corners. Whips flavored with wine have the devils sting in them. of THE Pl i WALNUT STREET, rniLADicr.i'iiiA. I,, li. Foe i> Ill fu Twelve mllll.. lnsim $230,000 paid m losses the first £100,000 Cash and other assets $13,000 will cover Its entire a« 6,000 business and piofesstonal men f •render vaine, payable in ins dla le for losses. ed liability, incmbci Cuticles have ance after five y line, at end of life expectation, for Cash surrend« H» per cent, ot lace of policies ■ollcles Incontestable after five years. ■ertatn policy contrat ortallty liability llinlteil by contra avisions, or Noclai Exi*e.m A saving of .V) cent, effected on this pi; •t. of ins «»'We have a large membership in Delaware, whom we refer. Send n ur plaining ou Address, ecolvo circulars, cs u! 3 anil id ill tall. •I'll entioning tills parer, CHAS. I.. TOMPKINS, Special Agent, j Fidelity Mutual Life Association, Philadelphia, l'a 1)14 Walnut Struct US. E. ITNDEHWOOI), M. 1>. M ILaclieA Physician, FEDERAI. ST., M1I.TON, DEI.. Hours Daily from 9 to 11 a. m., 1 to 3 and 6 to V p. m. except Sunday. B®"\Vill visit any part of the County or State professionally, by special ar rangement. a XI. w. ZIMMERMAN, MERCHANT TAILOR, No. H W. Tenth, St. WILMINGTON, DEL A WARE. is ! j j A T) 1\T 1. 11 Jl X*_L ESTABLISHED 1868. The J. Barkley Bro.'s Co. Steam Bakers I Confectioners, S. W. Cor. Fourth and French St., Wilmington, Del. SPECIALTIES. SPECIALTIES. L Li <|\ Mggr. Plain Candy, Mint Lozengers, •jsbsp* Fine Caramels, yjjgjj Cream Chocolates, Fine Almonds, i-MlCoManut Work, SgiPsi Cough Lozengers, Se£- ' Mixtures. &c. Crackers, Soda Biscuit, Fine Cakes, Nic-Nacs Ginger Nuts, Sugar Cakes, Ginger Snaps, Coffee Biscuit. mBifitTl! Ü& m * w!« 1 ! S f )*jfv 1 53 1 5jjjniu It. •5 *:■ si i .-VP THE LARGEST STEAM BAKERY IN THE STATE. We would respectfully call your attention to our pure Candies, Cakes and Crackers, manufactured by steam power. With the aid of the most improved machinery, we manufacture without exception the finest goods at the lowest price that have yet been produced in this country. We carry a large stock of Foreign Fruits, Nuts, Fireworks, Paper Bags, Twine, etc. Agents for the Diamond Match Co.'s Matches, and E. I. Dupont de Nemours & Co.'s Gun Powder. T. S. BIOWI 9 Formerly of Warren Harper A Co., dealer in Agricultural Implements MACHINERY Studebuker Farm Wagons, Feed Cutters, Feed Mills, Corn Shelters Grain Fans, Barb Wire, Pumps, Wind Mills, Oils, Seeds, Ac., &c. Having purchased of Warren Harder Ids entire interest in Ike late firm of M arren Harper §• Co., I will con tinue the business with a full line of goods at the old stand. S. E. Corner of Front and Market streels, 1 VILJlEYG TOJY, BEL i WARE. lid East Fmirtii Street Wilmington, Del, To the patrons and coustamers of the Late firm of Warren Harper &. Co, Prior to Dot, 3th, 1SB5, Thos, S, Brown and my self were engaged in the sale of Agricultural Implements etc, under the firm name of Warren Harper & Co,, on that date I sold to Thoe, S. Brown my share and right in the property of said firm and our co-partnership, that day, was dissolvad by mutual consent, I did not sell to Mr, Brown the right to use my name in any business that he might carry on thereafter, and his use of my name in the business he is now conducting is without my authority and to my injury, Thomas Harper and myself have formed a co-partnership under the.firm name of Warren Harper & Bro,, for the purpose of selling Agricultural Im plements, Seeds, Pumps, &c,, and carving on a Produce commission business, and on the 2 5th day of March next will occupythe large and centrally located warehouse No, 13 Bast Fourth Street, this city, where wa will he pleased to see my old coustomers, WARREN HARPER, . I I A N V lER'S ~ RELIABLE SHOE STORE, 209 Market Street, DELAWARE. WILMINGTON, AVlien visiting Wilmington Call and Examine Stock Consisting of Gents', Ladies' and Children's Fine Calf, Kid and Pebble Work, Manufactured by the best factory of Philadelphia and Eastern markets, Expressly for me. lAEvery 3?air "W aura necl.=£0 A FULL LINE OF i|A| f 3a RUBBER BOOTS * SHOES, of all varieties and first quality. The CANDEE Rubber [Goods, extra and [first quality. John H. [Parker's Rubber k uppers and Leather bottom Boots. H^AWorking and Medium Grade Boots and Shoes Solid. H^^^Orders taken for Measured Work, Quality, Style, mid Tit Guaranteed. , " 209 Market Street.