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Blackfoot news. (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1891-1902, July 08, 1893, Image 7

Image and text provided by Idaho State Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88056017/1893-07-08/ed-1/seq-7/

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11K DANCES ON A WIRE
WONDERFUL F EAT 3 OF CAI
CEDO. THE WIRE-WALKER.
d
of
all
at
ly
Hull High Ilnot-lleeU and Spur» lie
11 mince» Almut
with Ka»e—Hume of 111» A»tuiil»hlug
I'erformsme*.
the Tight Wire
HE ONE KSPEC
ial thing In its line
seems to be most
pleasing vaudeville
audiences in Lon*
/X don just now is the
■s remarkable per
formance of Caiee
do, the tight wire
dancer. Tight rope
and slack wire per
former* there are
galore, and clever
enough are their
achievements, but of tight wire per
formers there are none »ave tu teed o.
Even on the tight rope aud slack wire,
which Caieedo smiles at as well enough
for amateurs, his feats are hardly tin
dilated. Ills wire is a mere thread,
u visible when stationary, except from
very near the stage, und wholly su even
to Caieedo, when vibratiug, as it is
most of the time. It isstreteheil tight
ly as a fiddle string some ten feet
above the stage. On this he per
forms alt the ordinary feats of
the ordiuury performer. Dressed in
tight* and carrying a balancing pole
he walks backward and forward,
dan leap* and turns somersaults.
But all Ibis is preliminary. Eater he
don* a military uniform aud heavy rid
ing b - ta, with high heels and Immense
spurs due* all the feats over again, auil
adds others that ure simply astound
ing
7
He marche* sen»»» the wire with
giant strides, bounding in the air three
or four feet at a step. He jump» away
up in the air cowing dow n first on
one foot and then on the other. Then
he makes prodigious leaps — seven,
eight fret und more Into the air. and
lands lightly with !«>t!i feet on the
wire A peculiar thing is that a* soon
us he lands on tile wire it stops
dead. he stand* as firmly und
Uy on U ns though poised
on a granite pedestal. He make»
» great bound, assisted by the
spring uf the wire six or seven feet
K
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»
,s
t
one or in* 1 r tr*.
Into the air m i comes down sitting
»hiewise on the wire. Then come* his
gr«»»t«-st feat. Bounding up from the
sitting posture still higher skyward,
he turn* a soinerwttit high In the
air and comes down with his f«*«»t
firmly planted on the slender thread
of wire easily und with more grace
than many an a robat lamlson a mat
All this with clumsy, thh'k
high-heeled, stui rr.sl riding
The lsxits have
l«M*n investigated and found to lie just
the osait nary kind
Caieedo is a south American, liorn
in I'opayitn, Colombia, He has spent
all hi* life in the circua ring, and wns
an ex|M*rt fancy rider and acrobat be
fore he tried tly* tight wire. He prac
tlced four hours a day for nine years
Iwsfore he could do his feats, and alt
the time folksssid he would never suc
ceed. Afterthr«»«* years' practice he
continually fell from the wirc.nml after
five he could jus! walk and «lance with
a balancing pole. He ibw» not know
now how he preserve# his balance, «.r
manages to come dow n Jtul where the
w ire is. Me doe* so umonseiousl v.
He »ay#. and truly, he cannot see the
wire. Noonecah. for it vibrates like
a harp string Ho says he se<
his feet. Just now he is making 8200
I rwiv
sole«!.
tss t* oil bl* feet.
«th
K»}
L
1,
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r
• A TRttRtnt.K LEA I*,
n week and a reputation Urn! will lit*
worth very much more soon—unless
every one's expectations are realized
and he breaks his tn*ek
E.tiir rat liiif of ('nluntlmA' I.iinrlln^.
Nome sharper# of Uhieago have resur
rected the old scheme of advertising
Uncle 8am'# stamps as line stool en
gravings.. and reports from rural New
England show that they are finding
plenty of victims. A man living In
8pe tirer. Mass., saw an advertisement
thnt on the receipt of 81 an elegant en
graving of the "Landing of Colurabua"
would lie sent. He forwarded that
amount and received in return one of
the Columbian 2-oont stamps.
A Steilran Sllnor.
The Mexican papers toll of a miser
named Mouecke, who recently tiled.
His relatives were unwilling that his
body should lie interred, as he had tat
tooed Ills will over his chest with some
■d pigment instead of using pen and
ink. The court decreed thnt the rc
murknlde "human document" should
he copied and the representation duly
attested In the presence of witnesses.
This was done mid th • court has pro
nounced the queer will genuine.
1 ■
A LONE MANIKIN
A
Encounter» a Drunken Man and Com«»
Out First liest.
Theirs was a hapless case, and us
they reeled along East Broadway in
New York city one night singing some
thing about "We—hie —six magnifi—
hie—cent bricks," the mild, diligent
club swinger slid around a corner and
d »appeared in the labyrinth of byways
of the Seventh Ward In time they
arrived in front of Justice tuber s ci
gar store in Grand Street, when Pete
suggested to Jeff that he ask that big
fellow with the cigar in his mouth
what time It was. j
Jeft did so, but the man's silence ag
gravut d him, and he said: "You look
—hie—Uke a —hie—gentleman—hie—
hut dam ii don't- Uic tninK yer a
skin! '
The man deigned no reply.
• Why in—hie—Maxes don't yer say
—hie- suthiu'V yer too—hie—tiroudP'
Failing to receive a reply, Jeff lost
all patience, and aimed a terrific blow
at the offender, missed him. struck the j
corner of the show window with his j
head, dropped to the ground in a heap J
and succumbed to the Influences of the ;
occasion. Pete, who had been intent
ly watching the flight of the houses. |
earts and ash boxes circling around i
him while lie held fust to a telegraph j
j
I
j
!
of
to
i
!
I
j 3,
!
:
j
j In
1
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:
post, thought Jeff had bee.ked
down. Taking a long breath and
squaring his shoulders be rushed at
the silent offender, hut losing hU
balen, >- as he ei.awd with him. be
«»re« <>>" *>is arms and seizing him
around the neck, fell to the sidewalk,
grasping firmly the wooden Indian,for
such it w a>, that lay on top of him.—
Exchange
MRS ZEBALDA WALLACE
'
.... ». .
understand a, she did later how de.
• it Is that the temperance move
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K OKSPCRITK TI'HKl.K WITH A TOBACCO
max.
»»«•» of Trotf»rr
*«• ami Woman » UlffM*.
Mir f* •» (oitllrmrd Ad*«
Although M
always lict-n a strong ailvoeatc of tem
/.erahla Wallace has
ment and woman's suffrage should go
hand in hand. In HITS she w
the State Legislature of Indiana }>ear -1
log a petition signed by thousands of ;
;
, j
.
j)
-
siiouiti go
cut before
women asking for the enactment of a
certain temjieranc«* measure. She had
1 her speech
full l»*lief
nrepa:
in th
t hat it w as to be d«t
liYcrod to thought
ful, intelligent,
well-bred gentle
men. It opened
with a modest dis
claimer of any w ish
to usurp man'*
"rightful place" in Jff?
government or "to
is* mixed up in the
isstii*s of polities."
and Legged that the
Assembly would
It?
I
V

%
m
consider the cause she presented a# 1«- !
ing especially a woman'# caus<*.
etc. It was easy to «liscern
the spirit of the honorable
body on that occasion. The women
wen* received on sufferance, and Mrs.
YValblc* was impressed with a hitherto
unknown feeling of humiliation be
cause of her w*x. As she conclude«!, a
venerable townsman of hers, a Senator,
a good, temperate and highly esteemed
eitizen arose and said, in effect, that
representatives were not there to ex
press thi*ir own convictions, but to rep
resent their constituents; and his con* ;
atltuency wanted liquor license. Ill
slsntlv the quest Ion fla#h«*d through
her mind. "M i, y am not I one of this
eonsHtttency which Marion Bounty'*
representative must vote to ldeasc'.'"
She for the first time recognized the
power of the ballot, anil realized the j
helph'ssness of disfranchised women, j
Not long after Mrs. Wallace avowed
her belief in equal suffrage, and from j
that time on has labored for the re- ;
.-al of women's political disabilities. !
"It 1# a part of my telig'on," she is
wont to xnv in reference to woman
suffrage. No other words could ls-ttor
express the strength of her conviction#
ami the depth of her devotion.
MUS. FERAI I»A
WALLACE.
ltc«,ircg»r«l'» Nworil.
The sword of Gen. Beauregard Ih>
queathed to Charleston is an unusually
ornate saber, with a fine Damascus
blade ami an elaborate hilt wrought in
gold. The scabbard, which Is of g«)ld,
is very handsomely ornamented in low
relief' and on it* is engraved the in
scription: "Brig. Gen.G.T.Beauregard,
from the ladies of New Orleans, May,
Idti;," The swmrd was sent to Gen.
Beauregard just after the fall of F'ort
Sumter, and was given to commemorate
that event.
Hootit for HnmnnoR»
A woman with two children, after
dinner in a Texas restaurant, discov
ered that she had lost her pocketbook.
The proprietor was in the act of hav
ing her arrested as a fraud when a
man walked up and offered to pay the
Both looked at each other 11 s
were acquainted, but
Once they had been
rife but had been divorced
bill.
though they
neither spoke,
man ami n
about ten years ago.
l'li-lihnnt Courage,
An elephant gives, perhaps, the best
instaure of disciplined courage to '
. in the animal world. They will
submit, day after day, to have painful
wounds dresswl In obedience to their
keeper, and meet danger In obedience
to orders, though their Intelligence is
sufficient to understand the peril and
fa" too great for a man to trick them
i do a belief that, it is nonexistent. No
nnlmnt will fa *e dal ger more readily
lit nu.n » bidding.
lie
seen
A POSTOFFICE STORY.
INTERESTING PHASES OF LIFE
IN A GREAT SERVICE.
I -jv T JJ K STORY' OF
I 3 A, our postoffice is in*
Jjä 4 tercsting. The do
mestlc money order
/ system went into
TML, Fe'Mm ■''/ operation in 1884 in
J'iUs 8*1 Ml HI postoffices. One
y I IJt;' hundred thousand
,1 tfttt **gi.' dfdlars was appro
,'IJ KAAJ*- XÛW printed from the
/fa wW »' public treasury to
JMW W Bm // defray the expense,
111 >jyWm f Of this amount the
gum of g - u47 < )7 on i y was expended,
The delivery of mail matter by
earr | ers took efteet July 1, 1863, and
WM t i n operation at forty-nine
„dices with about four hundred and
fifty carriers at an aggregate annual
compensation of about 8300 , 000 .
city of New York for the first
quarter there were delivered by car
riers 2, 00«, 4M letters and 1,810,717 coi*
lected, or an increase of about 25 per
cent over the preceding quarter. But
the growth of the service was slow
until 1*87 and 1888, when the number
of offices was nearly doubled. Previous
to Jan. 3, 1887. the requirement for the
service was that a city should have a
population*«! 20,000 within the deliv
erv of its postofflce. Thu law of Jan.
3, 1887, made anv place eligible tliat
had a population of lO.OOu.or a revenue
from its podoffioe for the preceding
fiscal year of 810 , 000 .
There are over 600 free del ivery offices
In the country, and the letter carriers
attached to this service deliver and col
lect mail from 20,000,000 people,
annual expense is between 8lo.ooo,ooo,
and 811 . 000 , 000 . A law has been re
peatedly proposed to Congress to ex
tend thé servie*» to towns of 5.Q00 pop
ulationor of S5,000 postal receipts for
the last fiscal year. This would add
175 places or more to the number
served with the i ree delivery, and
Ä^ÄÄ^ouTdT^ !
),"»» *400,000.
\t hen a town becomes entitled to the I
fr«» delivery service, either by reason ;
of population or revenue and It l* j
deemed advisable favorably to consider ;
its claims, the postmaster is informed
Dial before the service cau 1 m* estab- ;
lithed the sidewalks must Vc paved, j
street* lighted, hotMosuumb«Äandj^»»
nnmes of streets plaeetl at intorwetions. j
When this is done an inspector Is sc ut
t„l,«"k over the field, la.! off the car- |
äh". «I,:. h ,;„r;.'";
0 .. p , at civil service offices, of which
then* are forty-five. At these offices
What It Coat» to Deliver the Mall of a
Mlg Country—A Hevy of Pretty Po»t
ml«tre»»e»—Sonic Old-Time Servent» —
Free Delivery and Money Order».
-
Th
eept at civil service offices, of which
there art* forty-five. At these offices
they have
list of eligible» in their order. At
; these offices they are appointed as sub
stitute* first and promoted when their
turn is reached.
At cities of 75,000 or more carriers
are paid ffiOO. $*0:i ami Sl.oOQ. In fret*
; delivery cities having populations
smaller than that, carriers arc paid
8<««i ami 8850 |>cr year.
j The Dead Letter* Office is the busi
est bureau of the entire department.
No more earnest and
employes can tie found in the public
service than the 107 clerks of this
office. Three have been connected
with it more than thirty years—Mrs.
A. K. Evans, the first woman ap
- tinted dn this bureau: Mr. A. F.
ftir many years in charge of
, *-Brother" 8.
veritable father in
I titive ex
from the
they have to pass a compe
amination and are selected
ire «lep
faithful
body of
pi 11 II toll '
Moulden. ...
llie inquiry branch, and
! j). Christie, a
transmission ot mail matters in the
United .States is very small compart'd
with the correct deliveries (for letters
alone in the ratio of about 1 to 385);
y 0 t so long as the blundering public
make voluntary contributions daily to
this office of over 20,000 li-tters and
packages, just so long will It be neccs
*»ry for the government to "exercise
paternal functions" in the correction
,,f those bluntlers. nine-tenths of which
; ere made by the people th«*tnsel v«»s.
|f those o lio use the mails would
only lie careful to obscrv«* a few
simple îequiraments, trifles in them
selves, but in the aggregate
of vast importance, the work
„f the Dead Letter
j would soon 1,«' greatly ivduccd.
j letter writers would take the simple
pains to place their names and ad
j dresses upon the envelopes, there
;
!
Israel.
The total numlwr of errors in the
t Iffice
If all
T 7 k
Ù
L
gl*vO
'i **
*aV>
flfv
tv «7
TOP
A Oil« I T 01-' POSTMISTRESSES.
Would lie few undelivered letters. Cul
tivation of the habit of scanning the
address of the letter after it hns been
written would prevent nine-tenths of
the mistakes due to deficient or erron
eous addresses. It is purely a matter
of business habit, and the remedy is
the simplest. This habit would at
least correct one absurdity, viz., the
annual receipt by the Dead 1 .ettor Of
fice of about 33,000 letters bearing no
superscription whatever,most of which
are written by business men and con
tain inclosures of busineis value.
There is no law or regulation that
may compel affectionate relatives to
put Hielt full tînmes and addresses nt
the close of every letter, but if they
would do this there would be n mil
lion nml a half more letters restored
to their owners every year.
Roswell lioardaley has been postmas
ter at North Lansing, N. Y'., since June
28, 1828, He was born in 180«, is 83
I
year* old, and hasserred as postmaster
continuously for sixty-four years. He
was appointed during the administra
tion of President John Quincy Adams.
appointed to office upon the
urgent recommendation of William II.
Keward, then a young politician and a
partner of Mr. Beardsley's brother.
Nelson. During all these years Air.
Beardsley has conducted his office to
the entire satisfaction of the public and
he has never l>een reprimanded for fail
ure to perform his duties. He gives
the postofflce his personal attention
every day, as well as his little store.
Ills patrons all love him and hope his
life may be spared many years. No
body ever sought to get the office away
from Mr. Beardsley. His health is
good and he eats three good meals
every day with perfect regularity. He
is a Democrat in politics, but is not of
fensive. He lets his neighbors
and practice any sort or quality of re
ligious belief that suits them and he
does the same. He has never been in ;
Washington. The postoffice over which
Mr. Beardsley presioes pays him an
annual compensation of $170. The
first year he held it the pay was 810.53.
Mr. Beardsley has never failed to make
out bis quarterly report with his own
hand.
Men in the government employ earn
all the way from 8000 to 81.SOU annu
ally, and now and then one becomes a
chief of division at 82,000 or 82,200, or
A
lie was
C no fror WESTERN postmistresses.
.. , . . , ,, ■ , a.
!
cratic or Hcpubl.ean Presidents-nor
I much far meompetonej, et er.
; ™ "fiL^hZT.km dH
j men- 1 hey fill pla
; and ta< t arc* O ) ^ ^
ZâJaat ^ «îmmand mCch vet
; P ut in ! _ . «, *» '
j Bn< m " J. ' .
t ^"|^Jwdc*pecuUiy «tonog
j ra P " 1 *■ I - . »■ '
•?«* 'J? 11 f °r them from the Civil hcr
| ««•.' Commms.on. bee-«« »«jH
réraïof an
«■*■»;. >» f a;
r,^3i=r£3=ïï
»bout a sixth ^ mnny women as men
arc called for for appointmen ts.
OEN. M'MAHON.
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Hr Han J»rrn Mentioned u Secretary
of the Tufted State» Senate.
Gen. Martin Thomas McMahon, who
has hern mentioned as a candidate for j
Secretary of the United States Senate, |
is an old soldier and has always !>ecn
a sterling Democrat and a warm sup
porter of the 1 resident, In
C leveland appointed htm 1 nite. States
Marshal for the southern district of
WAR lv*rn in
in 183«. He graduaUni at ht if !
\ n and
studied law. 1 or a tun« he was
special offi'-e agent for th« 1 a lflt
coast, and also served as ndian ag«Hit. ,
mtiK of the ci il
«T
and was made eajv ^
tain. ;
/ aide-<le-camp
Gen Geonre B. 1K j
^ Clellan.
», was appointed ad- ]
z _f Iri-neral and I
f/Ô-X , chleY of staff
%&gh' MF' S * Tlu "o'.
JïfWsPm- Ar,ny of î ho Çî'jîT
" "*f.\ "nder Gcn
ORX. M. T. M Mahon. William B. Frank
hn. serving also under Gen. John
Sclgwick and Horatio G. W right.
until after the final operation before
l'etersburgli He received the lire*
vets, brigadier an«l major general
of voluteera, in 186... In 18«. |
was corporation attorney of tlu-city
of New- York, and in 18 (*<.i he was
appointed l nited States Ministor to ;
! araguay. In 18,. he w»s appointe«l
receiver of taxes of New Y ork c " v * ^
which office lie held until Is* .. ""«' n
hc became 1 mt«*d States Marshal.
Gen. McMohou reeeiveil the degree of :
EL. D. from St- John s College in 1866. j
During 1886-7 he was president of the I
Society of the Army of the l'otomac.
}}* t ' vo brothers in the battle of
told Harbor in 1st, 4 . Gen. McMahon
was grand marshal of the Ueveland
inaugural parade.
i
i <9
Faculty of Weeping.
It would lie a mistake to suppose
that the "faculty of weeping" is mo
nopolised by the children «if Adam.
The reindeer, the chamois and several
sjMNîiea of ant«'lopes she«! visible tears,
and the East India rhesus monkey, in
a fit of rage, will flush crimson and
use the back of his hand to rub the
water «nit of his eyes. Laughter is a
more specific human function, for the
grin of our Darwinian cousins is rather
a menace, analagous to the snarl «if a
dog showing his teeth.
;
1
rnpo|»ular FmU In KdtirntIon.
The doom of another eiiueatioiiiil fad I
is sealed, writ«*« a Paris correspondent.
The F'reneh Association of Yolapukists
lias dissolved.
apostle of tile language which was ex
pected toset righttheconfusion caused
by the affair at Babel has recently
taken the post of professor of German
I in a provincial college. There lias been |
1 other setbacks, and the great object of j
reforming the linguistic evils of the
world has been abandoned, so far as j
Pari is concerned. I
The most energetic
Children's Farm Colmiy.
The Children's Aid Society of Penn
sylvania has met with gratifying suc
ht its farm «mionies for
and incorrigible children, and a
now before the Legislature conferring
on the society the official custody of
the children committed to it by the
courts.
pillule
I bill i
c.
flintM AMY ITnHïïlAfîO
WLÄfflAll 1 AitmtAUU
A Typical Teutonic villas« with Castle.
„ ....... „ ..
and Town Hall A Picture From the j
Middle Age» Ancient CoitonM and
Weapons.
PEN PICTURES OF THE DEAR
FATHERLAND.
, T THE WORLD'S
1 Fair in Chicago
k there will be many
3kg attractions, but it
1 may be questioned
jjy if any one of them
will nave the power
to evoke such deep
admiration, such
tender recollections
and such profound
' patriotism as will
he awakened by the
model of an old time
German village, with its picturesque
buildings and many quaint surround
ings. Here will be found a faithful
picture of life in the Fatherland as it
was many generations ago and as it is
in many rural districts to-dav. and, at
tached as they are to the traditions of
the mother country, it need hardly be
said that Germans of all classes and
countries will find here countless ob
jeets of interest and will see nothing
that will not remind them of their old
home and of tlieir forefathers. Others,
too, besides Germans cannot fail to be
charmed with this historical ob
ject lesson, and only a dullard or
an idiot can pass through these charm
ingold buildings without having his
tenses quickened by delightful sights
and sounds and without feeling him
self transmuted, as it were, from a cit
izen of the Nineteenth century into a
burgher of those days when tourna
ments were in fashion and steam en
gines unknown.
Dr. Ulrich Jahn of Charlottenburg,
a pupil of Virchow and a zealous sei
entist, seems to have been the first to
think of exhibiting a German village
at the World's Fair, and the direction
of the work is now in his hands.
Equally interested in the work are two
prominent financial institutions—the
German Hank of Berlin, the guiding
spirit of which is Herr Siemens, and
the National Bank, which is managed
' by Herr Magnus. Thanks to their ef
forts a responsible company with lim
ited liability was formed, and to Herr
Bernhard Drenburg, Director of the
; German-AmericanTrcuhan 1 Coraj any,
and Herr .Schmidt of Omaha, was as
signed the task of making the "German
Ethnological Exhibition" a success.
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Tbjt . ir first work was to obtain suffi
c ient spaee for the exhibition, andin
^ th ', v SOfm succesdei an area of
^ 5^1 square feet being assigned to j
Their next work wes to select an ;
! Architect, and their choice fell
on Herr Karl Hoffacker, one !
of , he p res iaent& of the Society of :
j }or jj n Artists and a high author
, , on arohlU . cturo a „d decorative
paintings The contract for erecting
^ buildings was awarded to a firm of
Frankfortom-the-Main. and it was cx
^ press iy stipulated that all the wood
; work 'used on the work should be cut
and fashioned in Germany. Thus it
j wj jj see „ , Hat the work is not only
of German but also of German ma
]
I At the entrance to the village is a
j,igh square tower with a moatway,
and over the arch «si portal is the in
scription. "To the Golden Tankards."
Within the entrance is a large space,
} ^ cent( , r o( which is „ music pa
vi , jon buju in the form of a tent , To
, he ri M Unvers the oastlc and to the
j eft c Xten«l halls dedicated to convivi
^ an< , rofrt . shraent .
iirt , no|ed for their Upper Bavarian
| atv i* of arc hitccture. with its green :
w .; K>(hvork and wh ite interstice*, in
y,,, covered hall a place of honor has
; bc#|l grfren to two charming female ■
bl|stSu mod eHe«l bv the sculptor Brutt 1
^ u f Berlin. Adjacent to the halls are
two music pavilions, so that enthusi
, (sUo Xentons ran a1 ,|,c same time
: qnonc h their thirst at the buffets and
j (irink in the ,„ U sie of the great Ger- j
I man ot1 j Uposera . I
|Ult on * lo castle, which is a real
maateil stronghold, such as used to be
^nt ; n old times on plains where thi»y
could , >e ,, rot<H -t 0 d by water. The en- |
trance tower is accessible by a bridge,
i and has th«* time-honored terrace aud i
sloping roof. On both sides are covered
of which leads to the ;
HESSIAN TOWN HALL
These halls
moat ways, one
palace, while the other leads to a
group of buildings, in which the stew-
ardess spends h«*r time roasting juicy
sirloins for the expected guests. Ar
S',
1
Ml
m
I
|
j
j tistically carved escutcheons ornament
I the parapet of the balcony over the
gate, and the dato "1564" shows
that tlu* building was restored in
that year. To the left of the gate
are decorated apartments ill which
food and «Irltik are served, and to the
right isa priei'lt*hst*oUeetion of weapons,
armor, works of art, costumes of Ger-1
man raws and other Northern relics of
the days of old. Here wtr see. model
ed in wax, a long procession of the
uiost powerful emperors and national
.
J?
s
Jf;
Wjf't
;«»■»
as
1
S®* ;
nt.ACK FOREST COTTAGE.
l.erwi* that Germany hasever poasea
sed. from Hermann the Cherusker,
Charles the Great and Barbaross,
down to William I, who after a long
period of dissension united Germany
once more. Near them and doing
them honor stand peasants from every
Prince in Germany forming in their
picturesque holiday attire a richly col
^ f( / r German peaaanU
are g&y colors, sparkling tinsel and
embroideries glistening with gold and
silver threads.
Near the town hall, and peeping out
from green trees and brushes, are
farmhouses from the Spree Forest,
Upper Bavaria, the Bla-k Forest and
Westphalia. The Westphalian farm
house belongs to the Friesland-Sax
onia type, the chief characteristic of
which is that not only the living
rooms but also all the other necessary
buildings connected with a
house, such as stalls, stables, pig
geries and fowl houses, are united
under one root The union necessi
tates an immense building, which in
farm
tVW.
5 »
h\A
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p>
its
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, <w
i
;
COTTAGE IS THE SPREE FOREST.
its outlines resembles a cathedral
with three naves. Stately the house
certainly is. Its straw roof is more
than twice the height of the side walls
and above the gable horses* heads, the
ancient Saxon sign, are displayed
rudelv carved in wood at the end of
both the cantilevers. In addition to
the date of the building there are en
graved the names of those who have
lived in it, and on the long crossbeam
is the Scriptural sentence, "The Lord
bless mv going ont and my coming in."
and also the I. II. S. Against the gate
posts immense stones are placed to
protect them from collision with ve
hicle
nel, in which the watch dog lies on the
alert and from the leather collar
around his neck hangs a bar of wood
about a hand long. Leaning against
the wall is a hook for catching geese
and near by is a ladder.whieh leans up
to the poultry loft Behind the gate
is a large thrashing floor and beside it
the stables and the stalls for the
At one end of the
To the left stands thedojrken
•S
are
pigs and oxen,
thrashing floor is the fireplace, behind
which are the dwelling room and the
bed room. In the latter is an alcove
for chests, in which may be stored the
family's stock of silver and other
precious things, including the gold
embroidered hoods and the large am
tier necklaces of the women.
The Black Forest farm house is a
comfortable building. Its character
istics are the ground floor, executed in
cut stone and plaster, the dark brown
timberwork overhead, the arbors with
their wooden breast walls, the small
paned windows which sliae sideways
and above all the immense straw roof
projecting far over the walls and
reaching on the left side al
most to the ground. It may
j mav a lso be noticed that a house of
; this type slopes back want, so that ve
hides can drive slantingly over the
! elevated barn door. The living rooms
: and bedrooms are on the first story,
an d on the ground floor arc the stall/
: and stables. Above the first story is
the tvirn floor, with its liar loft, and to
the left, where the roof hangs low
■ down, are placed the pig sty and man
1 ure heap, the latter being carefully
covered over. At the gable the roof
extends far enough to provide a sub
stantial cover for the upp«*r arbor.
Against the warmest side wall gen
j erally stan.ls a large hive «>f bees. In
I winter, when the Black Forest lie*
deep in snow and the brooks are frozen
over, such a l ouse is right w arm aud
comfortable.
| The I'viper Bavarian farm house
somewhat resembles a Swiss cottage.
i The w-alls arc of white plaster, the
window frames are ornamented with
; colored scrolls, the shutters are painted
green, the balustrades of the arbor are
ingeniously carved, the beumheads are
faced with frontal boards, decorated
with tufts, and the doors are orna
mented with star shaped borders in
profile. The roof, which is rather
fiat, is constructed of shingles, and is
weighted with heavv twks to protect
it against storms. The gable faces the
road and is surmounted by a cross. In
the upper part of the boarding also is
generally engrave«! a picture of Christ's
niartvrdom, for in Catholic Bavaria the
population is very religious.
M
&
■££&
;
r «<
À
X*
WESTPHALIAN FARMHOTSK.
s " u * n,, ,re ' , , ,
People who arc interested in know
ing what the temperature of their feet
was after traveling over street car
. tracks and oth«*r places where salt was
; used to melt the snow during the past
winter should remember that a mixture
: of two parts of pounds! ice and one of
common salt will reduce the tempera
tur«* of a body surrounded by it from
, 50 degrees to zero.
The Ninth Day of the Moon.
SMr. Glashier, the aeronaut, asserts,
after long and patient investigation.
i that the ninth day of the moon is the
; most rainy of the whole twenty-eight,
and that in the first and last weeks of
the moon's age the rainfall is less than
the average. The record# kept by Mr.
Glaisher also indicate 4 o'clock in the
afternoon as the rainiest hour in the
day- _

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