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THE BLACKFOOT NEWS.
■LACKPOOT. IDAHO. If a boy's mother admita he is a trifle wild he must be pretty tough. It has been some time since Gen eral Funston has actually been In the swim. Gen. Maximo Gomez oppose« "au tonomy" for Cuba. It now remains for the cuckoos to demonstrate that he Is a scapegrace. The editor of the Abilene (Texas) Reporter wants the people there to ''abolish the town cow." When this Is done will he propose a chalk fac tory* The mere cutting of weeds, says a horticulturist, enhances the growth of grass. Simply dropping undesirable companions gives many a young per son a start upward. The Washington Post says there will doubtless be men who try the Sam Jones business in other states. It is hopeful that they will at least try the Sam Jones brand of honesty. The head of a large corporation says that he is tired of having letters in volving thousands of dollars delayed because his stenographer's feelings were hurt by a reproof for tardiness. The remark sheds light on the fact that many corporations are supplant ing women by men employes. Too many women have yet to learn that business is business, not and that places are held, if not always won, by business qualifications alone. sentiment. Brave Bill" Anthony, the marine who reported the blowing up of the Maine to Capt. Sigsbee, committed sui cide in New York, owing to despond ency over his inability to find employ ment. It is little to the credit of the eastern metropolis, the city which made so much noise and fan faronade over the home-coming Dewey, that a plain and simple_ who had served his country nobly could not gain a livelihood within its bound aries. nate in the selection of a home. Had he come to the west he would in all probability have been alive and happy today. great of "Bill" Anthony was unfortu In the American Journal of Science Mr. Mudge says that while the present mouth of the Grand river Is at Grand Haven, on Lake Michigan, there is :_z other point seventy miles inland from the shores of Lake Michigan was the termination of the old river ▼alley and Is therefore Its an interesting that at one time a great glacial river, three-fourths of a mile In width, flowed across the peninsula from Lake Saginaw to Lake Chicago. of this glacial (which has been called the Pewamo outlet) failed, and the wide with its record-bearing deposits, laid bare to give up Its secrets to the inquisitive geologist. Mr. Mudge de scribes its course and the river de posits about its old mouth. an which mouth in He declares sense. Long ago river the sources valley, was The study of the irrigation question by the Office of Experiment Stations of the United States Department of Agriculture Is now being pursued by the collation and publication of formation regarding the actual status of irrigation in the arid regions as re gards laws, few of the Important streams used for Irrigation lie wholly within the limits of any one state, and there is a great diversity of irrigation laws In differ ent states, Interstate complications over water rights have been frequent and must in institutions, etc. Since become more and acute as the demand for water in creases, unless some mode of settle ment is devised. The department's In quiries into these questions have been inaugurated by a study of the Bear River Valley. The Bear river chosen for this purpose because in Its course of a little over 300 miles crosses state lines (Wyoming. Idaho and Utah) five times, finally emptying into Salt lake, which Is less than fifty miles distant from its more a u source, thus presenting In small compass a great variety of Interstate problems offering exceptional opportunities for their study. Within 100 miles of lu course the Bear river manages to cross the western and southern boundaries of Wyoming four times. In Its entire course these boundary crossings di vide the stream into Ditches heading in each of these tions are practically independent Irrigation laws or the superior claims of appropriators of water below, far as practical results the state laws do not apply, useless to determine priorities ditches wholly within the state when later ones with head gates across the border In Utah can not be closed, cause the water commissioners' thority does not extend that far. The same state of affairs exists along the boundaries of other arid states. and six sections. sec of So are concerned. It Is of be au Colombia government troops report having killed 1,000 and wounded 2,000 rebels In a recent battle. The British censor at Aden would through a few more "native" reports of British "victories" or the Trans vaal war will begin to appear Insig nificant, better let Hetty Green says no way has heen Invented to prevent people from throwing away their money, generally understood, however, that auch Invention would be of the «light est use to Hetty. ever It Is no Her name i. is calM the TrU Joan Of A „d nroud Ü h„ T J /a t LmetWn^ I Irh h P w , ^ j " „ f to , d .® * ' th her offer to ride ° ^ att e at the head of a regiment, ahe hates England because of the wrongs of Ireland—not her own wrongs, for she belongs to the favored class, and might easily, if her heart would let her, avert her eyes from the ! sufferings of the lowly. It Is one of , Maud Gönne s guiding principles that i everything that embarrasses England ' must help Ireland. Hence she has j seized upon the Transvaal war as an opportunity to undermine the fidelity j She I A NEW JOAN DE ARC. MAUD GÖNNE WANTS TO LEAD A BOER ARMY. SB# Is tha Daughter of a Hr Its. h That Eaalaod's Via» I. Ka .1 with tha lilooii of 1 'oor Fooploa. OlloBr, Bat Boitai Here Is the daughter of a British colonel urging British soldiers to de sert to the Boer standaid and offering to lead a regiment of Boers into bat tle! of her countrymen among the British troops sent against the Boers, has flitted from the continent to Dub lin, a beauteous figure of Cassandra, prophesying woe to the oppressor. "May God prosper the Boer!" she cried In addressing a recent meeting of Irishmen. And as she spoke a painter might well have caught inspiration from her j j j : I ! I j j ! ; j I | 'S'- « »! % Ù fa ''1 -J C*< h> I I Jr K o 1 *0^ s. £> l I .» 4 /SA V P» n\ 't \ .c: t I 4? $ !» MAUD GÖNNE. I for a picture of some prophetess or of the veritable Joan of Arc. A brow crowned with a halo of gold en hair; large eyes which are now filled with indignation, now bathed in tears of pity; a graceful, slender and supple figure; the gesture large and noble; the whole appearance stamped with a character of supreme elegance such is Maud Gönne. But hear her words on British soil, Sung in the face of a jingo govern ment: "A deep debt of gratitude is due to those Irishmen in South Africa who have joined the Boer army." The British government has learned by experience that It is not the part of wisdom to manufacture martyrs, and In the case of a beautiful and lov able woman such a policy would be trebly disastrous. So Maud Gönne en joys free speech to Incite British sol diers to desert their standard on the field of battle and turn their gunB against the forces of the Queen. She is perfectly sincere about it. In her heart of hearts she believes that treachery ceases to be a crime when employed by an Irishman against Eng land. Every weapon she conceives to be a good one If it be used to achieve freedom and avenge oppression. What startles the English who read of the red sedition she preaches Is that this is the daughter of the late Col. Bonne, of the Sixteenth I>ancers, a loyal and valiant soldier of the Queen, conspicuous by his personal brilliancy and because he commanded a crack regiment. And above all the storm of horrified comment sounds the ejacula tion: "What would Col. Oonnc say!" And yet Maud Gönne Is not extreme in her demands for Ireland. She pro fesses no desire to see the union dis solved—to see Ireland a nation. Home Rule Is the extent of her political dream. Let Ireland have a parliament of her own, and the Irish Joan of Arc would be content to see the little Island remain part of the United King dom. green It waa through emotion rather than reason that this high bred woman be came a patriot when she waa only a girl of fourteen. The spectacle of suf fering and wrong appealed so power fully to her compassion that It cap tured her whole being and swept all other Interests out of her life, was born In 1866 , near the gap of Dunloe. and In childhood learned to know and love the traditions of pa triots who had taken shelter In the mountains round about. In the love ly country surrounding her ancestral home lurked manv a cave and glen associated with the uame of some doughty rebel who had there defied the Pursuit of the redcoats Maud Gönne l°ved them all. At the age of ten she j was sent to England for her educa tjon Four yea „ |ater whf>n Bhe was home for a vacation, occurred the ept SOtle that converte ,| (j er from a i thoughtless schoolgirl into a Woman with a Purpose. She was driving home one co i d and we , October evening ! through the region of Glengarlff.close , to the shore of Bantry bay. In the i midst of the desolation she h a ard the ' sounds of women wailing and saw a j flickering light. Hard by the ruin of a what had once been a peasant's cabin j she found a fishing boat turned bottom up and propped a few feet above the sod by stones. Around it for shelter ts he The fishing j Oonne's daughter against the weather were curtained the boat's sails. From here the light came, and the wealing, boat was a house—and a house ot | mourning. pulled aside a corner of the sail and ! entered. She was made welcome with Col. the gentle hospitality that distin- i In gulshes the poorest of her the midst of the circle that crouched on the sodden turf lay Michael Mc Grath, with candles at his head at his feet. race. an<1 nroteef in-, î 1 T™ '""'«l 0 * 1 « protection against the storm, and drops of rain fell upon the wasted face ■ of the dead. In the cries of the women and children swaying in the candlelight. In the dark faces of the men who bowed their heads in silence Maud Gönne with ready Intuition dl- i vined that she was face to face with no common tragedy. And these were the facts she learned: Michael Me sr r s" h ," r*"- *• tilled his little farm with Industry IzOrd Bantry, his landlord, wishing to turn tne land Into pasture, raised his rent from A :48 to £ 105 . pay the advance an eviction was or dered. Unable to Attached to the soil, and Parnell's re mem bering watchword. Keep a firm grip on your home steads:'' McGrath barricaded the place, and with his wife, sister and four chil dren withstood a five days' siege by using boiling water as a weapon of de fense. Then the little family was But this was not final. starved out. When the coast was clear McGrath moved back to his little homestead. That was a breach of the law, and he was sent to Jail, to the farm. Hla wife went back She was «ent to Jail. HIh sister and eldest daughter went back. They were sent to Jail. This troubleRome family kept the authori ties busy a long time, for no sooner would one of them be released than he or she would go back home, were arrested and imprisoned In this way three umes. All Then, as a last re sort, Lord Bantry destroyed the house McGrath had built. The undaunted McGrath turned to his fishing boat. Neighbors helped him to move It to the farm, alongside the ruins of the homestead. OY*ir His case was a celebrated one by The I.and League helped But Imprisonment and exposure had done their work. He caught typhus fever, and the canvas 'galls of his house helped Lord Bantry that time, him with funds. unwelcome twuuit. to ««t rid of an Such was th« Btory Maud Oouue heard that chill October «venin«. shocked her *o profoundly ! Irelands pro»pc< ■< brighter then, for Gladstone waa n P°*« r »'«J working hand In hand with ^nell Then cam. the Salisbury government < oercion. When Ire land's cry went up once more. Maud tienne remembered her vow turned away from the splendor of Dub castle, where her wit and beauty i made her an honored guest at every vice-regal entertainment, and hurried to Donegal to use her fortune to re Heve distress and her eloquence to a* sail what she deemed tyranny. She quickly won the confidence of Par nell and the other leaders of the na tion. and by the peasants was hailed a* a deliverer v»™ What the had seen that for weeks afterward she waa 111 | In bed. "Father." she said, when ah, ! was recovering. "1*11 do something for Ireland yet"' Col. Gönne died all years later, dead. At twenty Maud Gönne waa an j orphan, with a handsome fortune In j His wife had long been her own right. much : were sh Dallas I Tex.) correspondent St. Louis At the headquarters of Camp Sterling Brice. Confederate Vet CIVIL WAR RELIC. UunlMifll Quitt I* Now •« K*» hibltloa at I >» !»•*. erans. »as exhibited an Intereetlug war rt ,| lc it the "gunboat quilt." Republican noted in the south during the war be tween the state*. The quilt waa made by Mrs Hatter, a widow of Green* boro. Ala., whose husband had been killed In the war and who bad at tha time two sons fighting In the confeder ate army. Mrs. Hatter gave the quilt to be sold at auction In every town In Alabama to raise a fund with which Us build a gunboat to be named for the state. Thi* was done, and the war vea sel procured was the noted confederate cruiser Alabama, sunk In the last few day* of the war by the federal warship Kearsarge In the great sea fight off the coast of France. Aa fa»t aa the gunboat quilt' was sold In one place It was redonated by the purchaser and resold in another place Several hun dred thousand dollars waa raised In this way and was applied to paying for the Alabama. The quilt was final ly given to J J. Hutchinson of Greene boro, Aia.. to recompense him for his services as auctioneer. It has malned In bis family ever since. The gunboat quilt' was forwarded to Mrs. Pen Melton, of Dnlias. daughter of Mr. Hutchinson, recently, to be placed on exhibition at the Texas state fair and Dallas exposition, but becaun* of de lays did not reach Dallas until the close of the fair. The relic Is well preserved and attracted much atten tlon today r#* oear A hospital steward at the I-eague la land navyyard has lately been making experiments tn the use of wood pulp for poultices and surgical dressings and has given his deductions In the Medical Record WOOD PULP FOR SURCEONS. Wood pulp In It* crude form I* obtained from manufac turers and comes In sheets of any size or thickness. It Is cheap. mmmmm soft a poultice of any consistency can be made by varying the quantity of water. By using hot water the pout ties retains Us heat longer than one made of flaxseed or bread. Antiseptic drugs soluble In water may be soaked into the wood pulp. When macerated In water It swell» and absorbs from four to five times Its weight in liquid, retaining the water for a lon*ç time. Wood pulp can he molded wh*n wet so that it can be used as splint—It dries very hard. Crude wood pulp can ! he sterilized hy heating In an ordinary sterilizer Wood pulp ig an Ideal ma terlal for th» country doctor, as It Is always Up same and Insures uniform results. HE| RLSS MAY BECOME A NUN. 1 ,,, „. h , ? • ,os 7 >hlr '' , I,r, ' x '' 1 of N** York, f * ' ,ort """ of » 10 . 000,000 In her Mdsrlng her of . sfstwrhr "h V'T* * m " ra ' I nun Mif( , J, . ' d ' •» becoming a th»* examnh nt > ° U ** ^ fo,,owin « ««* ä. mi " k "'" Révérai years only con* gave up the world ago and Is now known Mother Katheri as Miss wealthy name, and !.'■ Drexel Is a member of the Philadelphia family of that vX* ■M A is • y w 1 — be. h JO ? EI H,NB DREXEU has heen In society but a few ye an , two sr.ters un ioth 0 ,M - Hi,n fid to son's A r f , W " m nrn m,lr - Washington ] n Adn ?, ra ,,n hlgre n ,,t and soeiti i, in " P ° f ,,f ' r w " a Kh nevor t I'^'I'on Miss Drexel t mn cllned ratber to«(, f a'° d, ' t)r ' heln * >•» ou. pu"sun, t0 HtU,lï and "OH- ! M FARM AND GARDEN. ! MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. n In .jucuaaln* the matter of fertilizing , village garden with an old gardener. b. highly recommended autumn leaves, l n the autumn of IS»., when the streets full of fallen leave., I made up good rain I hired a village cartman to collect them for me. and dump them in a compact heap in a place Ilk the garden, where a wagon could enter without doing harm He dumped eight ter*, where they lay id heap* having drifted thus In the rainstorm of the | ! j j Cp-tw-Dat, HlaU AlM .1 IhSUH of n«wt-Ho>llnlltn. Title altar, sa4 riwlMlMn. Cul a aU : rarest Leave, la Ska Oardea. my mind to try them says a contribu tor to Rural New Yorker After a loads, charging me only 30 rents a load. Being gathered from the gut previous day. It waa an easy Job, and be did It In a half day In the spring of 1888 they were not sufficiently de composed to be desirable, and I left them undisturbed Last spring a single handling made them aa Hoe as could be desired. In fact, this leaf mold waa worth to me three limes It» coat in commercial fertilizer for It supplied a want which no commercial fertilizer can auppiy— humu». I ehall continue the practice, adding annually a little potash (muriate) or wood aahee to tne pile, the latter of which I get from an open grate wood Bre, In apnng and fall. In our sitting room My old friend who ao etrongly rec ommended this had a garden to which , be had been obliged to raise the soil to a proper level, and really good ear face loll was not to be bad. so be bad to use such as he could get. much of j It being subsoil when he dug th* cellar ■ for the residence He could furnish ihr nitrogen, potash and phosphoric a> .a 1 from th. dealer, tn Ita. thing*, but | th* tndlapeusabl* vrgetsbi* humus he had to took for eisew nr •, and be found It. It taxes two winter* thoroughly to decompose the leaves, but they are worth the time and trouble it takes 1 I have begun arrangements f it gstnerlng them this fall, and when frost comes 1 »hall double \be quantity gathered The present auppiy will be used In making th* garden nest spring There Is no place where leave, can be thus collected »0 easily ** in vil lage* where shade tree« are abundant, and this qualification Is growing year by year, as we a.-* becoming netter edu cated tn their l*aut,ea. but of cour*e In many rural places other than vil lages. they are to be had at a aughtiy Increased expense. K. N.-Y The leavr* t w til at*« t»e found useful to th* amaiettr gardener, aa they are to the (tortat. la bla com poet heap, to be uwd with pott.bg toil The florist usuatty ha* wbvt tie terms table rubbish Is mixed * his rot-plie. where evrrytaing tn the way of dead plant*, tea« aa 1 irj*. < --rit «oïl rill wrath from pot* or beach«*, f h sr* under the Infiuen frost, until, mixed wlt.i tl Is again avalisoi* in*. It j I A cov*n>m*nt report ! plant l. a native of Ana It has been emtivatsd for about fifty year, in parta of Europe . • , . Russia. German^ .M FranC w M Introduced Into this . - first time about 1847 i of Siberian vetch if nun itf)4 • tkui n.i r y v.uh Th. scientific name of this Plant Is Viel* villusa try for the uod»r tbs asm* Excellent report* ! w 1 ' I I J V »* to it* drouth-rcsuiing lu adaptlblllty to qualflr# ant our cMrn its nave been received from Wn*bln K , braska, Georgia, New Mexico. Dakota, Minnesota. Montan. Pennsylvania. It has ben Ihe experiment ground* of tm ment of agriculture at Wash! D. C„ and has proved to h on. Ne. dont li ml grown on l.ep.irt ngtiio. thrirooghiy aaaptec! to and vaiunbn» f,, r thi* local Ity. The seeds germinate poorly w they are morn than two ve.„s otd Most of the seed used „ th,, ....intry Is Imported from Europe r o ui.n , mr . tlcular rare should he taken i,y h„ porters and dealers to handle r,,,,,,. but •ueh as can lie sold under guaranty aH good, fresh sei d icil Cultivation Hairy »own In autumn, from about t)„. of August to the vetch bo may middle middle of September or ln "Pflng from the latte A D r » to the middle of Mav u , ; ron ' , ""'' " r »">• *> *«1« nr„, u v 1 ", ra 0f ° nP ,0 on '' »""I one half *>»"h»'ls of seed p,. r sere n ' etho ' 1 of "owing will "mount of seed. broa<,CMt . " 'mslod of ! : hPat «hrjillfl be ume so as to furnish til* vines r part, of It * hou M The drill require n less seed Is put rye oats nr When Hie sown at (up same a support to k«*ep up off tile ground. If |( |, na A rr*«- •« ** Alitui. the C rop rto^Tr* "'«•l Um«. „"TS '"«*• •utumn. fr 1« not too never, trow .gain i n th , kg dn* for»«, in t»u „^"ll •prtB«. »t th, t* 0 mont o««u«u »l*| v ] 11 H» C RSI Mori leal tarai The sending to uartot w fnitt that has lades 1 •bould be discontinu*^?! »t only fur hogs » U( j * should be collected and so * as It falls. Thi* «ui dsatrof that are usually u , '«g. I he good small r,. iM Peach»» and pears Kay St in several ways, and sSms of. u u U handy, the fruit or In tb, absence g| _ fashioned method of taa-d^l In eun-drying a*.* they should be jtr-u 1st !M I nif 1 ID jtk* Its! I ii fri MU "'»PorstiSj h cas he a* U.rJ the I protected fit* sort. scree us of some U canning, which needa*^ if the fruit thus «.yg a worked up ln »ulbcteat quam*. on the market, more that * effort* wilt tw needed that erti mi th irfe U * canned fr U iu wtU he m , more difficulty )n !tM ^ the past owing to the_ j »re,« f v«u*r* ,, u canned at h-.irne and freahwa j Jectloaable Ingredient» , 1 **. ,n. neighborhood at , a Mi L „ b ai u p*.u lor theca is u. aoa j ot c »iuvated , ta, gef o* i » « ■do: To* utilization of ail Us it* la now wasted would be s grm to the human race » I A Ian*»* fruit is tuet sag 4 B percentage of that grell* One man said, ta in* wt IT irr* PMMf "Ulackberrtet gros wfifk j ****Qt*i I ■ »j-g . Dd - t , *" lj0 * , **»l 1 * . .'1 ' L * Ul "* * E | *° d tÄ ' n B * '** «*• « I writer: is I rat « fhi» tu*a «&A Uxtfet f Uwkti iOy tulle* from Cfekim ** • r*Uro*4. WbAt t»*u lit ä 111»* Umm «re a Um* ütfttAACt trat! M Mr ruAda? Tb* wrUirr k*M pm* 4 \ mououifiuu« rtf UL# la ün äM» Atlantic Seaboard stets» efcm black berries wer* gruwlag rA great profusion over turn* I Bmr», wub fto OM to Jwft 3 M Mor« Add tnoru itfM » 1.4 «^^«4 tMtciA u(Ut<#d. but â» rtî mùi 0 limit j. h t M hat U n»* 4 «d is a aort plet* system of (.i.iUatio* ms W.'h t:. .r. .4, seasr.f I addition to th* free b iSliM ■< UU there is the laauiw »»ppij at cri vaied fruit, a large part of ltd lost by rotting storage I* the means of savtsgAn prac tically » «try small pemshiM our fruits ever g*(s into co >4 KuMp ... TbcooKkaltf tATgt «•(•> About this time of year, M wt M over the exchange*, we !r»qa»*tj ■ report* of Urge hogs killed ky parti** each trying to ouUxswUM* who made the preview reps«. ** Farm and Horn*. And «very fiat A Ht such * report w* !eel Ilk* *W»I "the b.gger th* bog th* UO*r It* E one who fattened IL" There I t * excuse for hating such «itr»sröM wolaflt Is bagi When |. * rtl ,? r . d „ £ , n ,„ M old. U ? , L , t , ,1« very ut** 1 * r * ,„. É g but ,, Ihlnh tb. owner of mch 5 : mal would **«* mof* mansj try to S ■ that I* Ne» ** ksg * * and bury It than to W, do not believe l land any man can take * weighs 2J0 pounds, and bnj Ik* for il and get pork enough 1« & the food It will coot If« W Wv hog* until tb*y will dr**, S» J 0 *'' each than to make »ns ***** pounds, and I»** to hrtag weigh 176 pounds each than on* * will weigh 4 M pound* StK» hog* cannot he sold at »* * ood . , J^J( a* lb« lighter one*, and th* Vf n* g«>od for horn* ti^ lleve In killing lean hog». ing them on poor food or »hört to get mors lean meat. < Th« fallest h°* 5 : UR* « \ ; ItU* anc# * nece<t*«ry r;ii*<Hl and killed weigh«* lrt * dre***«!. ** br«* 4 *f " first tut» fowl ^ **l* tba* 1* llilk pounds when ;t* lean a one ws* *n ■t old The dressed 720 pound* H for our own rating an* 1 The Mg out *» U for wW* ■ *t W» for anybody manu facturer a saue.ige would pay. and delivered puHnlbly P«°P'* It had h** 0 - r door after dark eat the meat after |; up. off*» or rAI planu <*B* Do you A New Idea reader* know Hod »• ,ie In close proximity to «'»me fruit* will imparl their «» ^ fruit? ask« a contributor to - Yorker. 1 had a melon vin* small patch of pepperrnlnb ^ melon* had « decided flavor. My neighbor It* which ran on a P« 11 h _ hes bad a disagreeable 1 have noticed * hl ' thon mulMrrt ** h*< *» r which wa " Improvement over the t ' th '' r, rttll *ai M hint, have planted this ,ll . pn) 4*** my patch of biackberrlH . •»* berries which are far » < blackberry 1 have ever W U* 1 «>Ki »IK» ! laste. wild blackberries, <h»t the French Ed*) grew close to species of C'alilrarpit collar fragrance rift 1 *"* ■ » » Ut «*** dock mtift b<! The *lxe of ft by Hie accommodation* 1,1» entire time to dev0t * k oied of hi* poultry and * a ' '* h ,, of them It I" 10 size ml*» 1 u t* flock care of almost any with advantage. b® 'e-efit*«*"* Green stuff I* aim 0 »» health of the towl».